Combating Illegal Drug Trafficking in Suriname: an Uphill Battle

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Combating Illegal Drug Trafficking in Suriname: an Uphill Battle"

Transcription

1 Combating Illegal Drug Trafficking in Suriname: an Uphill Battle Individual Study Project to receive the Masters Degree of Public Administration in Governance Student name : Merrelynn Simone Hasselbaink Student number : FHRISS Supervisor : Dr. Karin Arts Date : November, 2012 Word Count: Institute of Social Studies F.H.R. Lim A Po Institute for Social Studies

2 Combating Illegal Drug Trafficking in Suriname: an Uphill Battle 1

3 Table of Contents List of Acronyms 5 Page Acknowledgements 6 Disclaimer and Information 7 Chapter 1 Introduction of the Research General Introduction Background Indication of the Research Problem Research Objective Research Question and Sub-questions Relevance and Justification Research Methodology and Structure Limitations and Practical Problems 15 Chapter 2 Combating Illegal Drug Trafficking in the Western Hemisphere Introduction The Evolutionary Concept of Security National Security as a Public Good The Globalization of Security National Implementation of International Obligations A Comprehensive Governance Approach Conclusion 25 2

4 Chapter 3 The Position of Suriname in Combating Illegal Drug Trafficking Introduction The Regional Struggle to Cope with Illicit Drug Trafficking Suriname s National Security Policy The International Regional, Bilateral and National Arrangements of Suriname to Combat Illegal Drug Trafficking Conclusion 34 Chapter 4 Improvements and Constraints in Tackling Illegal Drug Trafficking in Suriname Introduction The Uphill Battle in Tackling Illegal Drugs in Suriname Coordination and Joint Operations Undertaken to Tackle Drug Trafficking Limitations in the Joint Cooperation Current Status of Suriname with regards to Implementing Regional and International Conventions into National Legislation Improvements and Setbacks in Tackling Illegal Drug Trafficking Conclusion 45 Chapter 5 Conclusions and Recommendations 46 Reference list 50 Annex 1 International, Regional, Bilateral Conventions and National Legislation related to Drug Trafficking 59 3

5 Annex 2 Interview Question Sheet 62 4

6 List of Acronyms CARICOM CICAD DEA INCB NGOs OAS SALW TOC UN UNGA UNODC US : Caribbean Community : Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission : Drug Enforcement Agency : International Narcotics Control Board : Non-Governmental Organizations : Organization of American States : Small Arms and Light Weapons : Transnational Organized Crime : United Nations : United Nations General Assemble : United Nations Organization for Drug Control : United States 5

7 Acknowledgements The course Master of Public Administration in Governance at the FHR Lim A Po Institute for Social Studies has been a true learning experience, but also an emotional rollercoaster that affected my life in many ways. Although many people supported me throughout this process, I express my sincere appreciation to my colleagues and my former chief at the Ministry of Defense, drs. Justus Hew A Kee for supporting me until the end. I would also like to thank my MPA V girls Sharon, Melisa and Caroline for their support and interventions when I needed it the most. To my supervisor dr. Karin Arts, I express my gratitude for her guidance and feedback in editing and reviewing my paper. Most of all I would like to thank my life partner Issy Joeroeja, my mother Joyce Hasselbaink and sister drs. Cheryl Jacott-Daal MPA for their love, support and patience. To my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ be the glory for giving me the strength, perseverance, knowledge and guidance. Thank You Lord! 6

8 Disclaimer and Information This Master s thesis completes the Masters of Public Administration Program in Governance from the F.H.R. Lim A Po Institute for Social Studies in Suriname in collaboration with the Institute of Social Studies in the Netherlands. Since transnational organized crime has my special attention, I decided to conduct my research on one of its threats, namely illegal drug trafficking. In this respect, the paper will analyze the uphill battle that Suriname is fighting to tackle illegal drug trafficking. Thus, aspects such as the extent to which Suriname is able to live up to regional and international obligations and what can be done to increase its compliance record, were looked into. In order to have a better understanding of this phenomenon, literature was reviewed and information regarding the experience and working knowledge from different Surinamese officials was gathered. Both the literature and informants provided many insights into the problem and helped to generate answers to the research questions and provided some useful recommendations. However, simple interventions and solutions on the side of the government are still a challenge. 7

9 Chapter 1. Introduction of the Research 1.1. General Introduction Despite the relative economic stability of many countries in the Western Hemisphere, the national security aspect of several states is weak (Verassamy, 2009:71). In fact, this region is fighting an uphill battle with an enemy that is difficult to defeat. This enemy is the non-state actor involved in illegal drug trafficking, which is described as one of the most severe threats to security in the Western Hemisphere (OAS, 2007 cited in Verassamy, 2009:72). Illegal drug trafficking can be defined as the illegal sale, production, transport, movement, and distribution of illegal drugs and controlledsubstances attained through unlawful means ( Criminal Attorney Organization, n.d.). This form of transnational organized crime (TOC) 1 has a far-reaching impact on citizens safety and security within the Americas and the Caribbean and even caused a violence spiral which annually claims thousands of human lives (National Anti-Drug Council, 2011:6). Due to the transnational characteristics, social impact and violent activities that illegal drug trafficking brings along, a well coordinated national, regional, and international approach, which compels countries and security agencies towards closer cooperation on every possible level, is of utmost importance (The Economist, 2008 cited in Verasammy, 2009:72). In this respect, Suriname- as part of both the Americas and the Caribbean (Western Hemisphere), - has ratified relevant international, regional and bilateral conventions and participates in international and regional drug policy forums. However, living up to the obligations laid down in conventions is not always easy for a developing country like Suriname, due to various aspects including a lack of effective 1 Transnational organized crime refers to those self-perpetuating associations of individuals who operate transnationally for the purpose of obtaining power, influence, monetary and/or commercial gains, wholly or in part by illegal means, while protecting their activities through a pattern of corruption and/ or violence, or while protecting their illegal activities through a transnational organizational structure and the exploitation of transnational commerce or communication mechanisms (National Security Council, n.d.). 8

10 government action (e.g. with regards to domestication of conventions into national legislation), but also as a consequence of aspects that are in part beyond government control (such as the creativity of criminal networks and corruption) (Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 2012:n.p.). 1.2 Background Drugs such as cocaine, heroin, crack, methamphetamine, marijuana and ecstasy, are popular among drug dealers and users (National Anti-Drug Council, 2005:5-7). They are all illegal with respect to cross border trafficking, but the use of some of them is tolerated to a certain extent in countries such as the Netherlands (Trimbos Institute, 2007:18). Since drug trade in the Western Hemisphere (and thus Suriname) is mostly related to cocaine, the focus of this paper will primarily be on the battle against this type of drug. The South-American countries Columbia, Peru and Bolivia are well known for their drug related activities. These countries have been the main cultivators of the coca bush for over a thousand years (O Brien, 2002:30). The use of coca leaves is deeply embedded in these societies since the native Indian ancestors used the leaves for medical and religious purposes. Cocaine, the white powdered drug extract from the coca leave, is the main problem drug in the Western Hemisphere (Ibid). Since drug cultivation has been a way of living for these societies, it is very difficult for the governments in these countries to conduct successful measures to tackle the coca cultivation and eradicate drug trafficking. The coca leaf cultivation in these countries still accounts for 98% of the global cultivation (Ghodse, 2010:39). The cultivated drugs are processed, and smuggled to different countries throughout the world (UNODC, 2011:37). Ever since the 1980 s, the aspect of illegal drug trafficking in Suriname received international media coverage. During this period transnational drug organizations placed Suriname on the map as a drug (cocaine) transit country. Together with other states in 9

11 the Caribbean, Suriname became a connection between the drug producing and drug consuming countries (National Anti-Drug Council, 2005:7). In other words, between countries such as Columbia, Peru and Bolivia on the one hand, and the US and Europe on the other hand. The means of transportation are usually small vessels, cargo ships, small airplanes and commercial airlines (National Anti-Drug Council, 2005:7). Smuggling drugs in fruits, vegetables, luggage with a double bottom, diapers, or drugs processed in clothes, taped to people s bodies or swallowed by drug couriers (human mules) in small packages are also some of the inventive ways that drug dealers use in their attempt to transport their goods beyond national borders (Suridin, 2002:17-18). Illegal drug trafficking has dramatically risen in the Western Hemisphere and there has been an increase in brutality associated with this crime (Verasammy, 2009:74). As a matter of fact, drug criminals in the Western Hemisphere have been known to own more sophisticated and modern resources, technology and communication equipment than the police and military. The technology is used to maintain contact with their organizations and keep up with law enforcement counter-measures (CARICOM, 2002 cited in Verasammy, 2009:73). This makes it difficult for the police to curb drug trafficking without the assistance of other security forces. Therefore, the military are put into action to counter or assist the police in countering this security threat. The aforementioned method of joint cooperation among security institutions is also applied in Suriname, due to the specific military skills (such as knowledge of the jungle) that are necessary to tackle this crime (Verasammy, 2009:74). Although the International Narcotics Control Strategy Report argues that there is little evidence of drug production in Suriname (Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 2012:n.p.), it is important to note that in 2003 the biggest ecstasy laboratory in the Caribbean was found in a house in a relatively sophisticated neighborhood in the Capital Paramaribo (Caribbean Net News, 2004). 10

12 1.3 Indication of the Research Problem Although marihuana is the oldest and most consumed drug in Suriname, cocaine is the most popular one due to the demand and supply factor that is related to large sums of money and power (National Anti-Drug Council, 2005:5-7). As a consequence of these factors, drug traffickers continuously find new means to deliver their goods. In addition, drug trafficking is not the only criminal or illegal activity that transnational drug organizations are conducting. These organizations also have an influence on illicit trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW also known as firearms), which are exchanged for drugs (Diálogo, 2012:46). Furthermore, aspects such as trafficking in persons, money laundering and corruption are also means for the drug dealing organizations to expand their profits (Verasammy, 2007:72-73). As part of the international community, Suriname is also exposed to these threats. The flourishing drug business has even caused discredit for political figures such as the current president Desiré Bouterse and the parliamentarian and former guerilla fighter Ronny Brunswijk. These officials have been accused of drug trafficking by the Netherlands and were sentenced to prison in absence as a result thereof. Since Suriname does not extradite its own nationals, they did not serve their sentence (Griffith, 2011:6, 24). Despite the fact that Suriname ratified bilateral, regional and international conventions and protocols, hosts and attends conferences, and also receives equipment from the United States and other developed countries to deal with aspects of illegal drug trafficking, tackling this phenomenon remains a challenge. Since illegal drug trafficking has political, economic and social implications, it is a challenge to develop an effective governance framework to deal with this issue and fully live up to regional and international obligations. 11

13 1.4 Research Objective The general objective of this paper is to generate awareness with respect to the improvements that Suriname has made and the setbacks that it is facing in its fight against illicit drug trafficking. The academic objectives are: to explain the causes and consequences of this criminal activity; to describe the role of the government in complying with relevant conventions; and to identify measures that can be taken to facilitate the regional and international obligations (specifically focusing on the conventions of the Organization of American States and the United Nations). In this respect, the ultimate objective of this research is to present recommendations that can be applied by the government in order to take more effective measures on tackling illegal drug trafficking and better live up to its obligations. 1.5 Research Question and Sub-questions The Main Research Question is as follows: To what extent is Suriname able to comply with its regional and international obligations on combating illegal drug trafficking and, what could be done to strengthen Suriname s compliance record in this regard? The Sub-questions are: Which threats and challenges is Suriname facing with regards to illegal drug trafficking? What regional and international obligations does Suriname have to combat illegal drug trafficking? Which mechanisms does Suriname have in place to comply with regional and 12

14 international conventions with regards to combating illegal drug trafficking? Which opportunities exist for strengthening Suriname s compliance record in relation to its regional and international obligations to combat illegal drug trafficking? 1.6 Relevance and Justification Although the government of Suriname has expressed its determination to improve the public safety and security in the country by conducting operations that are also focused on tackling illegal drug trafficking and drug related crimes, it still lacks important features that are necessary to improve this effort. The outcome of this research can contribute to re-evaluating the current government s approach Research Methodology and Structure For my research I reviewed academic literature, policy documents and regional and international treaties relevant for my topic. Since my paper mainly focuses on drug related activities from countries in the Western Hemisphere and their impact on Suriname, I limited the data to conventions from the United Nations (UN) and the Organization of American States (OAS). The theories applied in chapter two, provided me with a broader view of the bottlenecks that both Suriname and other countries in the Western Hemisphere are facing in their battle against drug trafficking. In addition, I also analyzed country specific data and conducted interviews with the Police Superintendent, the Chief of Customs, a Police Commissioner, the Head of the Military Special Forces, a military official, a former Minister of Justice and Police and Member of Parliament. The interviews were conducted through a specific list of open questions that was used as a guideline, since every interviewee has its specific role and task in the National Security Policy. The selection of interviewees was based on the 13

15 position and experiences of the actors and their responsibility for providing safety and security within Suriname or advising the government on the means to achieve this goal. Thus, this paper is primarily based on qualitative research since it gives a prominent place to the views and knowledge of interviewees. This is justified by the nature of the topic, which requires full and detailed analysis and concrete contextual and experiential knowledge of the phenomenon and its specific manifestations in Suriname. In order to answer the research question and sub-questions, a specific method and structure was applied. In this respect this paper consists of five chapters. Chapter one contains background information about the phenomenon of illegal drug trafficking and the purpose of conducting research related to Suriname s battle to tackle this crime. The conceptual analytical framework is presented in chapter two. This chapter explains the effects of illegal drug trafficking on national security, the obligation of governments to provide public safety and security, the effects of globalization on drug trafficking, the obstacles as regards the implementation of international conventions through national legislation and the governance approach in relation to tackling drug trafficking. Chapter three consists of a country specific analysis which illustrates how the different theories discussed in chapter two relate to measures conducted in Suriname to tackle illegal drug trafficking, together with the possibilities to increase the country s level of compliance. Chapter four presents the key findings of the interviews. It provides an insight into the improvements in and setbacks for tackling drug trafficking in Suriname. This information enhances the quality of the research since it provides solid linkages between theory and practice. Chapter five concludes the thesis by providing some final remarks and recommendations. The process of gathering information and writing the paper was conducted in approximately six months. 14

16 1.8 Limitations and Practical Problems: When starting this research it was uncertain whether the interviewees would be transparent in sharing information. An interviewee did state something off the record that I considered very useful, and thus wanted to include in my thesis. In order to protect the interviewees and reduce the obstacle of not being able to apply important information since it was presented to me in confidentiality and good faith, I assured them that their name or position would not be used in the text, but that I would refer to an anonymous source. However, most of the interviewees had no objection against their names or position being used as a reference, since they presented facts. Furthermore, I had some doubts about an interviewee holding information back for security reasons. This information was related to the names of conducted drug operations. Rephrasing the question did still not lead to the required results. I maximized the chance of acquiring the information by asking the same question to other interviewees and by consulting literature on the subject. This research then showed that the topic was not a confidential issue since policy documents are available on the internet with this information. In this respect, I did not make myself dependant on the information from one source. 15

17 Chapter 2. Combating Illegal Drug Trafficking in the Western Hemisphere 2.1. Introduction In order to understand the difficulties of combating illegal drug trafficking, and of living up to obligations laid down in international and regional conventions, this chapter will present various relevant theoretical aspects. These include among others: the evolutionary concept of security, security as a public good, globalization, national implementation of international obligations, and the notion of a comprehensive governance approach The Evolutionary Concept of Security Generally speaking, security is the absence of threat- to the stability of states, regions, the global community, networks, and/ or human lives (Jackson, 2008:374). This definition was not always en vogue. Before and during the Cold War, the term security was defined very narrowly. In this period security more or less meant protecting a country against foreign military armed aggression (Giacomo, 1989). Thus, military force was the primary tool to deal with threats to national security (Griffith et al., 1993 cited in Verassamy, 2009:63). However, after the Cold War the necessity to redefine this concept was apparent, partly due to factors such as improvements in information technology, globalization, liberalization, and new security threats and challenges (Verassamy, 2009:65-66). In this respect social, economic and environmental instabilities can also be considered as threats to national security, as well as non-traditional challenges of terrorism, illegal drug trafficking and illicit trafficking in SALW, and also diseases such as HIV/AIDS (Jackson, 2008: ). 16

18 As a result of these changes, military forces are currently not only conducting the traditional defense tasks, but also civil-military operations. These are among others: humanitarian projects such as disaster relief and response and medical assistance, but also assistance to police and law enforcement agencies in tackling aspects of TOC (Rana, 2004: ). The Suriname Armed Forces (SAF) are no exception in this regard. Thus, the concept of national security in 2012 is different to what it was ten or twenty years ago (Cameron & Clegg, 2010:3) National Security as a Public Good Research shows that national security can be categorized as a traditional public good. (David et al., 1999:364). Public goods, [ ] are goods in the public domain: available for all to consume and so potentially affecting all people (Kaul et al., 2003:3). In other words, public goods are non-rival in consumption and [have] non-excludable benefits. [ ] they are often classified as market failures and as justified cases for government intervention (Kaul and Mendoza, 2003:80). According to Mendez (1999: ) the following is applicable to define security as a public good: It is non-rivalry that is, the consumption or enjoying of the protection afforded by national defense to a resident of a country does not detract from another resident s consumption of that protection. The protection is indivisible and its enjoyment by an additional person involves no marginal or additional cost. [National security is also] non-exclusionary [since] no one in the country can be excluded from benefiting from the protection of national defense, regardless of whether he or she contributes to the defense budget. Since providing public safety and security would not be profitable for the private sector as it is impossible to charge the beneficiaries and exclude those who do not pay (Ibid), it is the task of the government to provide national security and cover the expenses 17

19 involved e.g. through taxes generated from the communities that benefit from these goods and services (Ibid). With these taxes, conditions can be created by the government to finance its security policy according to its national interest, and ambitions, existing threats and challenges, and economic-, social- and cultural conditions. Drug trade generates different security threats and challenges for states and societies: even where the state is strong, but when for a variety of reasons the rule of law is already weakened, it can pose a genuine threat to stability (UNODC, 2010:221). The distinction between strong and weak states here lays in the fact that the former [is] able to deliver services to their population, to represent their citizens, to control activities on their territory, and to uphold international norms, treaties and agreements, while the latter provides a breeding ground for international crime (Benn, 2004 cited in Kiely, 2007:173). In strong states that effectively address the needs of their societies, the non-state entities cannot outcompete the state. But in areas of socio-political marginalization and poverty [ ] non-state entities do often outcompete the state and secure the allegiance and identification of large segments of society (Felbab-Brown, 2010:156). In weak states or areas with minimal state presence, the security threat is more apparent due to the fact that people might become dependent on illicit activities, such as drug trafficking (Felbab-Brown, 2010:155). For these people, informal activities become a way of living, the only way to provide themselves with social and economic security even though they remain in a cycle of insecurity and crime (Ibid). In Latin America, criminal organizations provide public goods to a certain extent. Although these organizations are the sources of insecurity and crime, they often regulate the level of violence, suppress street crime such as robberies, theft, kidnapping, and even homicides (Felbab-Brown, 2010:155). In this regard, they generate support from the community which also benefits from the reduced street and common crime in addition to the fact that the reduced crime rate is also good for their illegal business (Ibid). 18

20 Political parties and governments in weak states may also use drug organizations to finance or support their party or government structure. For criminals this is an opportunity to expand their business possibilities, since they do not only want to dominate the society, but also control or at least influence the state and its ruling power arrangements (Felbab-Brown, 2010:156). In order to curb drug trade, it is of utmost importance to address the social and economic reasons why people turn to this crime, including the law enforcement deficiencies. Efforts need to focus on ensuring that people and communities will obey laws by increasing the likelihood that illegal behavior and corruption will be punished [ ], but also by creating the [ ] environment in which laws are consistent [ ], can be seen as legitimate and hence be internalized (Felbab-Brown, 2010: ) The Globalization of Security Globalization is a contested concept in the sense that there is neither a single definition nor any agreement among different authors on whether or not the term provides a useful way of analyzing contemporary global developments (Hirst and Thomson, 1999 cited in Hobden, 2008:54). Giddens provided a neutral analysis of the primary features of globalization. According to this author, globalization is the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa (Giddens, 1991:64 cited in Kiely, 2007:77). Bhalla on the other hand had a positive approach whereby globalization is defined as a force for higher growth and prosperity for most, especially those in the bottom half of the world s population (Bhalla, 2002:11 cited in Hobden, 2008:54). On the contrary, Kiely provided a realistic definition which states that globalization [ ] refers to the flows (people, capital, goods), networks (information, production), institutions (UN, WTO etc.), and challenges (environment, terrorism, poverty), that (supposedly) transcend territory, particularly in the nation-state (Kiely, 2007:79). 19

21 When taking the effect of globalization on transnational organized crime into account, I must agree with Kiely, since this author mentioned both the positive aspects of globalization, and the challenges that it brings along. After all, globalization has not only abolished barriers of communication, opened up global markets and interconnected gateways, but also [created] new criminal opportunities (Jensson, 2011:4). Thus, globalization can have a positive impact on the trade relations between countries, but also on the trade relations among criminals who have learned to maximize their possibilities and profits through this system. While globalization encourages the free movement of goods, people, capital and services beyond national borders, drug traffickers ignore national borders (Ibid: 16). As globalization is causing new trends and creativity among criminal groups, it makes the protection and security of citizens more complex (Simmons & de Jonge Oudraat, 2001:6). Although smuggling illicit goods across national borders is not a new phenomenon, the scale of the problem and the increasing power of organized crime is (Jackson, 2008:382). While TOC is mainly conducted with individual economic motives, it may also threaten individual, national, regional, and even international security. Since drug criminals act in groups or network across borders, there is a similar need for international cooperation to counter these criminal networks and activities (Jackson, 2008: ). In this respect, the international community has made some arrangements to tackle illegal drug trafficking. These arrangements vary from deploying military and police forces, to signing international, regional and bilateral agreements. Despite these efforts, the record of success is fluctuating. As the number of challenges is increasing, state authorities and international organizations realize that tackling these criminal activities requires an even more effective international and multi-agency approach. This however is easier said than done (Simmons & de Jonge Oudraat, 2001:3-8). 20

Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice We, the States Members of the United Nations, Having assembled at the Eleventh United Nations Congress

More information

Organization of American States OAS Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission CICAD

Organization of American States OAS Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission CICAD 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0 M u l t i l a t e ra l E v a l u a t i o n M e c h a n i s m M E M G u a t e m a l a Organization of American States OAS Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission CICAD M EM 1 9 9 9

More information

4 This can be viewed at: http://www.genevadeclaration.org/fileadmin/docs/gbav2/gbav2011-ex-summary-spa.pdf

4 This can be viewed at: http://www.genevadeclaration.org/fileadmin/docs/gbav2/gbav2011-ex-summary-spa.pdf Introduction INTER - AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS COMISION INTERAMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS COMISSÃO INTERAMERICANA DE DIREITOS HUMANOS COMMISSION INTERAMÉRICAINE DES DROITS DE L'HOMME Since its

More information

EUROPEAN UNION COMMON POSITION ON UNGASS 2016

EUROPEAN UNION COMMON POSITION ON UNGASS 2016 EUROPEAN UNION COMMON POSITION ON UNGASS 2016 UNGASS 2016 is a key opportunity for the international community to take stock of the achievements of the international drug control system to date, to elaborate

More information

Draft Plan of Action on Anti-Corruption

Draft Plan of Action on Anti-Corruption l 2010 Draft Plan of Action on Anti-Corruption Suriname Draft Plan of Action for the Implementation of the Recommendations formulated by the committee of experts of MESICIC for the Inter- American Convention

More information

KB KNOWLEDGE BRIEF. Sandisiwe Tsotetsi 18 September 2012. Sandisiwe Tsotetsi 09 July 2012. Introduction. Background and history

KB KNOWLEDGE BRIEF. Sandisiwe Tsotetsi 18 September 2012. Sandisiwe Tsotetsi 09 July 2012. Introduction. Background and history KB KNOWLEDGE BRIEF South African young people and drug trafficking Sandisiwe Tsotetsi 18 September 2012 Sandisiwe Tsotetsi 09 July 2012 Introduction The recent increase in the number of young South Africans

More information

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE EUROPEAN POLICE OFFICE

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE EUROPEAN POLICE OFFICE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE EUROPEAN POLICE OFFICE Preamble The United States of America and the European Police Office (Europol): considering that it is within their common

More information

SCREENING CHAPTER 24 JUSTICE, FREEDOM AND SECURITY AGENDA ITEM 7A: ORGANISED CRIME

SCREENING CHAPTER 24 JUSTICE, FREEDOM AND SECURITY AGENDA ITEM 7A: ORGANISED CRIME 1 SCREENING CHAPTER 24 JUSTICE, FREEDOM AND SECURITY Country Session: Republic of TURKEY 13-15 February 2006 CONTENT -LEGAL BASIS -ORGANISATION -COMBATTING INSTRUMENTS -EXPERTISE AND TRAINING -INTERNATIONAL

More information

DECLARATION STRENGTHENING CYBER-SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS

DECLARATION STRENGTHENING CYBER-SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS DECLARATION STRENGTHENING CYBER-SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS INTER-AMERICAN COMMITTEE AGAINST TERRORISM (CICTE) TWELFTH REGULAR SESSION OEA/Ser.L/X.2.12 7 March, 2012 CICTE/DEC.1/12 rev. 1 Washington, D.C.

More information

Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking In Human Beings, Especially Women and Children

Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking In Human Beings, Especially Women and Children Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking In Human Beings, Especially Women and Children Introduction This booklet contains the Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially

More information

64/180. 2 A/CONF.213/RPM.1/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.2/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.3/1 and

64/180. 2 A/CONF.213/RPM.1/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.2/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.3/1 and Salvador Declaration on Comprehensive Strategies for Global Challenges: Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Systems and Their Development in a Changing World We, the States Members of the United Nations,

More information

CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC 124 CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC Vladimíra Trnkócyová 56 General background Historical overview and future vision of investigation in the Slovak Republic The 2001 Accession Partnership

More information

Chairman's Summary of the Outcomes of the G8 Justice and Home Affairs Ministerial Meeting. (Moscow, 15-16 June 2006)

Chairman's Summary of the Outcomes of the G8 Justice and Home Affairs Ministerial Meeting. (Moscow, 15-16 June 2006) Chairman's Summary of the Outcomes of the G8 Justice and Home Affairs Ministerial Meeting (Moscow, 15-16 June 2006) At their meeting in Moscow on 15-16 June 2006 the G8 Justice and Home Affairs Ministers

More information

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2.4 OVERCOME GLOBAL SECURITY CHALLENGES THROUGH DIPLOMATIC ENGAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2.4 OVERCOME GLOBAL SECURITY CHALLENGES THROUGH DIPLOMATIC ENGAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION Performance Goal 2.4.1 By September 30, 2017, achieve key milestones to promote arms control and nonproliferation by implementing the President s Prague Agenda of steps toward a world without nuclear weapons;

More information

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC/C/OPSC/VEN/CO/1 Distr.: General 19 September 2014 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Rights of the Child Optional Protocol

More information

Twelfth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Twelfth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice United Nations A/65/92 General Assembly Distr.: General 10 June 2010 Original: English Sixty-fifth session Item 107 of the preliminary list * Crime prevention and criminal justice Twelfth United Nations

More information

DECLARATION AND PLAN OF ACTION ON DRUG CONTROL ABUSE AND ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFICKING IN AFRICA

DECLARATION AND PLAN OF ACTION ON DRUG CONTROL ABUSE AND ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFICKING IN AFRICA AHG/Decl.2 (XXXII) 32 nd OAU Summit DECLARATION AND PLAN OF ACTION ON DRUG CONTROL ABUSE AND ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFICKING IN AFRICA The features of the Plan of Action elaborated herewith comprise five sections

More information

BORDER SECURITY AND MANAGEMENT CONCEPT

BORDER SECURITY AND MANAGEMENT CONCEPT MC.DOC/2/05 Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Ministerial Council Ljubljana 2005 Original: ENGLISH Second day of the Thirteenth Meeting MC(13) Journal No. 2, Agenda item 8 BORDER SECURITY

More information

APPROVE A BUDGET THAT WOULD ALLOW FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ANTI- DRUG PLAN PUBLICATION DATE: JANUARY 2003

APPROVE A BUDGET THAT WOULD ALLOW FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ANTI- DRUG PLAN PUBLICATION DATE: JANUARY 2003 RECOMMENDATION 1: APPROVE A BUDGET THAT WOULD ALLOW FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ANTI- DRUG PLAN Nicaragua reports that it negotiated a loan with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), to be

More information

EU COOPERATION. The Madrid bombings have provided additional impetus for action. In an 18-page declaration on counter terrorism on

EU COOPERATION. The Madrid bombings have provided additional impetus for action. In an 18-page declaration on counter terrorism on TESTIMONY BY AMBASSADOR J. COFER BLACK COORDINATOR FOR COUNTERTERRORISM DEPARTMENT OF STATE BEFORE THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE ON EUROPE MARCH 31, 2004 Thank you Mr. Chairman and members

More information

TITLE III JUSTICE, FREEDOM AND SECURITY

TITLE III JUSTICE, FREEDOM AND SECURITY TITLE III JUSTICE, FREEDOM AND SECURITY Article 14 The rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms In their cooperation on justice, freedom and security, the Parties shall attach

More information

First of all, taking opportunity of the conference, I feel pleased to come together with you in distinguished and historical city, Belgrade.

First of all, taking opportunity of the conference, I feel pleased to come together with you in distinguished and historical city, Belgrade. SOUTHEAST EUROPE REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMBATING ORGANIZED CRIMES AND CORRUPTION (12 April 2013, Belgrad) Distinguished Participants; First of all, taking opportunity of the conference, I feel pleased

More information

The 2012 National Drug Control Strategy: Building on a Record of Reform

The 2012 National Drug Control Strategy: Building on a Record of Reform The 2012 National Drug Control Strategy: Building on a Record of Reform Taking Action Looking to the Future Moving forward, we will work throughout 2012 to build on a record of progress and reform, with

More information

Support period and budget frame, expenditures to date:

Support period and budget frame, expenditures to date: 1) Project Leaf - Law Enforcement Assistance for Forests 2) Project summary: Project Leaf (Law Enforcement Assistance for Forests) is a consortium forests and climate initiative on combating illegal logging

More information

Hearing before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Oversight, Agency Action, Federal Rights and Federal Courts On

Hearing before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Oversight, Agency Action, Federal Rights and Federal Courts On Hearing before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Oversight, Agency Action, Federal Rights and Federal Courts On The War on Police: How the Federal Government Undermines State and Local

More information

, OUR COMMUNITIES, OUR IDENTITIES WITHOUT DRUGS

, OUR COMMUNITIES, OUR IDENTITIES WITHOUT DRUGS ADDRESS TO THE LIBERIA DRUF ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY (LDEA) ON THE OCCASION OF THE OBSERVANCE OF INTERNATIONAL DAY AGAINST DRUG ABUSE AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING ON FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 2015 BY: CLR. JAMES N. VERDIER

More information

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION. 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION. 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium The international Conference on Sustainable Disarmament for

More information

Advance copy of the authentic text. The copy certified by the Secretary-General will be issued at a later time.

Advance copy of the authentic text. The copy certified by the Secretary-General will be issued at a later time. PROTOCOL TO PREVENT, SUPPRESS AND PUNISH TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, SUPPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION AGAINST TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME Advance copy of the authentic

More information

OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM)

OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM) THIRD MEETING OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL OEA/Ser.L./XIV.4.3 WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL CICAD/MEM/doc.14/98 rev. 1 EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM) 4 December 1998 October 26-28, 1998 Original: Spanish Tegucigalpa,

More information

Transnational Challenges and Approaches to Investigating Trafficking Offences. Ilias Chatzis, Chief, Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Section

Transnational Challenges and Approaches to Investigating Trafficking Offences. Ilias Chatzis, Chief, Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Section Transnational Challenges and Approaches to Investigating Trafficking Offences Ilias Chatzis, Chief, Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Section Trafficking in persons: a low risk / high profit crime

More information

CRC/C/OPSC/SWE/CO/1. Convention on the Rights of the Child. United Nations

CRC/C/OPSC/SWE/CO/1. Convention on the Rights of the Child. United Nations United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC/C/OPSC/SWE/CO/1 Distr.: General 23 January 2012 Original: English Committee on the Rights of the Child Fifty-eighth session 19 September 7 October

More information

ASEAN INTER-PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY

ASEAN INTER-PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY ASEAN INTER-PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY THE 11 th MEETING OF THE AIPA FACT-FINDING COMMITTEE (AIFOCOM) TO COMBAT THE DRUG MENACE 12 th 16 th May 2014, Landmark Mekong Riverside Hotel Vientiane, Lao People s

More information

Final (RUSSIA-EU VISA DIALOGUE) GENERAL FRAMEWORK

Final (RUSSIA-EU VISA DIALOGUE) GENERAL FRAMEWORK Final COMMON STEPS TOWARDS VISA FREE SHORT-TERM TRAVEL OF RUSSIAN AND EU CITIZENS (RUSSIA-EU VISA DIALOGUE) GENERAL FRAMEWORK The European Union and the Russian Federation reiterate their international

More information

UNITED NATIONS Press Release Committee on the Rights of the Child 16 January 2009

UNITED NATIONS Press Release Committee on the Rights of the Child 16 January 2009 UNITED NATIONS Press Release Committee on the Rights of the Child 16 January 2009 The Committee on the Rights of the Child this morning reviewed the initial report of the Netherlands on how that country

More information

OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY [ ENGLISH TEXT TEXTE ANGLAIS ] OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY The States Parties to the present Protocol,

More information

provisions specified by the Preventive Law, the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic has adopted the following decisions:

provisions specified by the Preventive Law, the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic has adopted the following decisions: REPORT of the Financial Monitoring Service under the Central Bank of the Republic of Azerbaijan on execution of The 2007-2011 Action Plan for implementation of the National Strategy for Combatting Corruption

More information

ATLANTA DECLARATION AND PLAN OF ACTION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF THE RIGHT OF ACCESS TO INFORMATION

ATLANTA DECLARATION AND PLAN OF ACTION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF THE RIGHT OF ACCESS TO INFORMATION ATLANTA DECLARATION AND PLAN OF ACTION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF THE RIGHT OF ACCESS TO INFORMATION We, over 125 members of the global access to information community from 40 countries, representing governments,

More information

The Need to Share: The U.S. Intelligence Community and Law Enforcement

The Need to Share: The U.S. Intelligence Community and Law Enforcement The Need to Share: The U.S. Intelligence Community and Law Enforcement A White Paper prepared by the AFCEA Intelligence Committee April 2007 Serving Intelligence Professionals and their Community The Need

More information

FAQs Organised Crime and Anti-corruption Legislation Bill

FAQs Organised Crime and Anti-corruption Legislation Bill FAQs Organised Crime and Anti-corruption Legislation Bill What is organised crime? Organised crime normally refers to an organisation of criminals who engage in illegal activity on a large, centralised

More information

UNDERSTANDING MONEY LAUNDERING

UNDERSTANDING MONEY LAUNDERING UNDERSTANDING MONEY LAUNDERING Preface In light of the international concerns growing on money laundering and the financing of terrorist activities, many countries have taken rigorous measures to curb

More information

Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria Tel.: (+43-1) 26060-0, Fax: (+43-1) 26060-5866, www.unodc.org

Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria Tel.: (+43-1) 26060-0, Fax: (+43-1) 26060-5866, www.unodc.org Legal tools The international crime and drug control treaties provide the legal foundation for action against drug-related offences, transnational organized crime and corruption and reflect the international

More information

Home Security: Russia s Challenges

Home Security: Russia s Challenges Home Security: Russia s Challenges A Russian Perspective Andrei Fedorov * Home security: Russia s challenges Home security and the struggle against terrorism is one of the most crucial issues for the Russian

More information

Economics and Social Council (ECOSOC) Issue: Director: Chair: Moderators: Committee Background II. Introduction

Economics and Social Council (ECOSOC) Issue: Director: Chair: Moderators: Committee Background II. Introduction Economics and Social Council (ECOSOC) Issue: Drug Trafficking in Conflict Zones Director: Ben Wagor Chair: Rebecca Moderators: Regine Ip, Shiurou Quek I. Committee Background ECOSOC (a.k.a. The United

More information

JAMAL EL-HINDI DEPUTY DIRECTOR FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK

JAMAL EL-HINDI DEPUTY DIRECTOR FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK JAMAL EL-HINDI DEPUTY DIRECTOR FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK REMARKS AT THE PARLIAMENTARY INTELLIGENCE SECURITY FORUM JUNE 20, 2016 VIENNA, AUSTRIA Good morning. I would like to thank Congressman

More information

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography... (for full text of Optional Protocol, see Appendix 2, page 670 and for reporting guidelines, see Appendix 3, page 692)

More information

Minnesota County Attorneys Association Policy Positions on Drug Control and Enforcement

Minnesota County Attorneys Association Policy Positions on Drug Control and Enforcement T H E M I N N E S O T A C O U N T Y A T T O R N E Y S A S S O C I A T I O N Minnesota County Attorneys Association Policy Positions on Drug Control and Enforcement Adopted: September 17, 2004 Introduction

More information

CEAS ANALYSIS. of the Law on Amendments of the Law on the Security Intelligence Agency

CEAS ANALYSIS. of the Law on Amendments of the Law on the Security Intelligence Agency CEAS ANALYSIS of the Law on Amendments of the Law on the Security Intelligence Agency Belgrade, July 2014. CEAS is supported by the Rockefeller Brother s Fund The views and analysis in this report do not

More information

CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights

CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Why did the former Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, state that the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 was illegal?

More information

Commonwealth Organised Crime Strategic Framework: Overview

Commonwealth Organised Crime Strategic Framework: Overview Commonwealth Organised Crime Strategic Framework: Overview Commonwealth Organised Crime Strategic Framework: Overview ISBN: 978-1-921241-94-9 Commonwealth of Australia 2009 This work is copyright. Apart

More information

working group on foreign policy and grand strategy

working group on foreign policy and grand strategy A GRAND STRATEGY ESSAY Managing the Cyber Security Threat by Abraham Sofaer Working Group on Foreign Policy and Grand Strategy www.hoover.org/taskforces/foreign-policy Cyber insecurity is now well established

More information

DECLARATION ON STRENGTHENING GOOD GOVERNANCE AND COMBATING CORRUPTION, MONEY-LAUNDERING AND THE FINANCING OF TERRORISM

DECLARATION ON STRENGTHENING GOOD GOVERNANCE AND COMBATING CORRUPTION, MONEY-LAUNDERING AND THE FINANCING OF TERRORISM MC.DOC/2/12 Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Ministerial Council Dublin 2012 Original: ENGLISH Second day of the Nineteenth Meeting MC(19) Journal No. 2, Agenda item 7 DECLARATION ON

More information

The Council is invited to approve the draft Conclusions on Counter-Terrorism, as set out in the annex.

The Council is invited to approve the draft Conclusions on Counter-Terrorism, as set out in the annex. Council of the European Union Brussels, 18 November 2015 (OR. en) 14298/15 LIMITE JAI 888 COSI 149 COTER 149 COPS 356 ENFOPOL 356 ENFOCUSTOM 118 ASIM 150 CATS 116 NOTE From: To: Subject: Presidency Permanent

More information

Law of Georgia on Combating Human Trafficking. (Adopted on 28 April 2006, entered into force in 16 June 2006) Chapter I. General Provisions

Law of Georgia on Combating Human Trafficking. (Adopted on 28 April 2006, entered into force in 16 June 2006) Chapter I. General Provisions Law of Georgia on Combating Human Trafficking (Adopted on 28 April 2006, entered into force in 16 June 2006) Chapter I. General Provisions Article 1. Scope of Regulation This Law determines the organizational

More information

Law No. 80 for 2002 Promulgating the Anti-Money Laundering Law And its Amendments ١

Law No. 80 for 2002 Promulgating the Anti-Money Laundering Law And its Amendments ١ Law No. 80 for 2002 Promulgating the Anti-Money Laundering Law And its Amendments ١ In the Name of the People, The President of the Republic, The People's Assembly has passed the following Law, and we

More information

COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE 2015 COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE Twenty-fourth session, 18 22 May 2015 PROGRAMME OF EVENTS Time Plenary Committee of the Whole MONDAY, 18 MAY 10-11 a.m. Opening of the session Item

More information

Situation of trafficking in Thailand

Situation of trafficking in Thailand Wanchai Roujanavong Thailand UNODC, Vienna 27-29 January 2010 Situation of trafficking in Thailand Thailand has 3 statuses: 1 Sending country, 2 Destination country, 3 Transit country. Forced prostitution,

More information

Jesuit Refugee Service

Jesuit Refugee Service Submission of the Jesuit Refugee Service to the Peace Forums organised by the United Nations and Universidad Nacional on resolution of armed conflict in Colombia Jesuit Refugee Service The Jesuit Refugee

More information

CORRUPTION. A Reference Guide and Information Note. to support the fight against Corruption. Safeguarding public sector integrity

CORRUPTION. A Reference Guide and Information Note. to support the fight against Corruption. Safeguarding public sector integrity FINANCIAL ACTION TASK FORCE CORRUPTION A Reference Guide and Information Note on the use of the FATF Recommendations to support the fight against Corruption The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is the

More information

TARGET MEASUREMENT STATUS As of 31 Aug 99. As of 1 Feb 98

TARGET MEASUREMENT STATUS As of 31 Aug 99. As of 1 Feb 98 9.1. The Governments of Mexico and the U.S. will work to ensure ratification by the congresses of the two nations of the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption, adopted in May 1996 by the OAS. Mexico

More information

JUSTICE and HOME AFFAIRS COUNCIL Thursday 29 and Friday 30 January in Riga

JUSTICE and HOME AFFAIRS COUNCIL Thursday 29 and Friday 30 January in Riga BACKGROUND Riga, 27 January, 2015 Informal JUSTICE and HOME AFFAIRS COUNCIL Thursday 29 and Friday 30 January in Riga The Informal Meeting of Ministers for JUSTICE and HOME AFFAIRS (JHA) will be chaired

More information

The global challenge

The global challenge The global challenge CYBERCRIME The global challenge Cybercrime has developed from an emerging crime to a serious manifestation of crime with great practical relevance With the emerging use of computer

More information

Addicted to Punishment: The Disproportionality of Drug Laws in Latin America. Executive Summary 1

Addicted to Punishment: The Disproportionality of Drug Laws in Latin America. Executive Summary 1 Addicted to Punishment: The Disproportionality of Drug Laws in Latin America Executive Summary 1 Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes 2 Diana Esther Guzmán 3 Jorge Parra Norato 4 Executive Summary by Adam Schaffer 5

More information

2011-2014. Deliverable 1. Input on the EU's role in fighting match-fixing. Expert Group "Good Governance. EU Work Plan for Sport

2011-2014. Deliverable 1. Input on the EU's role in fighting match-fixing. Expert Group Good Governance. EU Work Plan for Sport EU Work Plan for Sport 2011-2014 Expert Group "Good Governance Deliverable 1 Input on the EU's role in fighting match-fixing J u n e 2012 2 1. INTRODUCTION The EU Work Plan for Sport identifies integrity

More information

TESTIMONY OF COOK COUNTY STATE S ATTORNEY ANITA ALVAREZ SENATE JUDICIARY SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE LAW

TESTIMONY OF COOK COUNTY STATE S ATTORNEY ANITA ALVAREZ SENATE JUDICIARY SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE LAW TESTIMONY OF COOK COUNTY STATE S ATTORNEY ANITA ALVAREZ SENATE JUDICIARY SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE LAW FEBRUARY 24, 2010 THANK YOU SENATOR DURBIN AND MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE FOR INVITING ME

More information

For most countries, money laundering and terrorist financing raise significant

For most countries, money laundering and terrorist financing raise significant 01-chap01-f.qxd 3/30/03 13:44 Page I-1 Chapter I Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing: Definitions and Explanations A. What Is Money Laundering? B. What is Terrorist Financing? C. The Link Between

More information

ENFORCEMENT OF IP RIGHTS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT CONCERNS, CHALLENGES AND ACTIONS REQUIRED FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE SINGLE MARKET.

ENFORCEMENT OF IP RIGHTS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT CONCERNS, CHALLENGES AND ACTIONS REQUIRED FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE SINGLE MARKET. ENFORCEMENT OF IP RIGHTS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT CONCERNS, CHALLENGES AND ACTIONS REQUIRED FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE SINGLE MARKET GRUR Workshop Brussels March 7, 2007 Michael Keplinger* Overview: 1.

More information

Resolution 11/3. Trafficking in persons, especially women and children

Resolution 11/3. Trafficking in persons, especially women and children Human Rights Council Eleventh Session Resolution 11/3. Trafficking in persons, especially women and children The Human Rights Council, Reaffirming all previous resolutions on the problem of trafficking

More information

CYBERTERRORISM THE USE OF THE INTERNET FOR TERRORIST PURPOSES

CYBERTERRORISM THE USE OF THE INTERNET FOR TERRORIST PURPOSES COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON TERRORISM (CODEXTER) CYBERTERRORISM THE USE OF THE INTERNET FOR TERRORIST PURPOSES UNITED STATES OF AMERICA September 2007 Kapitel 1 www.coe.int/gmt The responses provided below

More information

Recommendations for a Mexican Child Protection System

Recommendations for a Mexican Child Protection System Recommendations for a Mexican Child Protection System Introduction: Save the Children in Mexico Save the Children has operated in Mexico since 1973 and currently promotes and defends Children s Rights

More information

Council of the European Union Brussels, 26 June 2015 (OR. en)

Council of the European Union Brussels, 26 June 2015 (OR. en) Council of the European Union Brussels, 26 June 2015 (OR. en) Interinstitutional File: 2012/0011 (COD) 9985/1/15 REV 1 LIMITE DATAPROTECT 103 JAI 465 MI 402 DIGIT 52 DAPIX 100 FREMP 138 COMIX 281 CODEC

More information

12 th -16 th May 2013 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Country Progress Report

12 th -16 th May 2013 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Country Progress Report ASEAN INTER-PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY The Tenth Meeting of the AIPA Fact-Finding Committee (AIFOCOM) to Combat the Drug Menace Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam 12 th -16 th May 2013 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

More information

As part of their course on law and/or sociology in this module, participants will be able to:

As part of their course on law and/or sociology in this module, participants will be able to: Correctional Service Service correctionnel Service correctionnel Correctional Service Law Correctional Service : At the Heart of Criminal Justice Description The Correctional Service of : At the Heart

More information

VII Joint Council European Union - Mexico Mexico City, 9 February 2012 JOINT COMMUNIQUE 1

VII Joint Council European Union - Mexico Mexico City, 9 February 2012 JOINT COMMUNIQUE 1 COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Mexico City, 9 February 2012 UE-MX 2052/12 PRESSE 42 VII Joint Council European Union - Mexico Mexico City, 9 February 2012 JOINT COMMUNIQUE 1 1. The seventh meeting of the

More information

Principles of Oversight and Accountability For Security Services in a Constitutional Democracy. Introductory Note

Principles of Oversight and Accountability For Security Services in a Constitutional Democracy. Introductory Note Principles of Oversight and Accountability For Security Services in a Constitutional Democracy Introductory Note By Kate Martin and Andrzej Rzeplinski The 1990 s saw remarkable transformations throughout

More information

UN Human Rights Council UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2016 candidate

UN Human Rights Council UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2016 candidate UN Human Rights Council UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2016 candidate The UK is a passionate, committed and effective defender of human rights. We are seeking election to the UN Human Rights Council for the term

More information

ECOWAS COMMON POSITION ON THE ARMS TRADE TREATY

ECOWAS COMMON POSITION ON THE ARMS TRADE TREATY COMISSÂO DA CEDEAO ECOWAS COMMISSION COMMISSION DE LA CEDEAO ECOWAS COMMON POSITION ON THE ARMS TRADE TREATY COTONOU, DECEMBER 2010 1 BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION 1. During its 55 th plenary meeting on

More information

ESTABLISHING A NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY SYSTEM IN THE CONTEXT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEFENCE SECTOR REFORM

ESTABLISHING A NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY SYSTEM IN THE CONTEXT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEFENCE SECTOR REFORM Information & Security: An International Journal Valentyn Petrov, vol.31, 2014, 73-77 http://dx.doi.org/10.11610/isij.3104 ESTABLISHING A NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY SYSTEM IN THE CONTEXT OF NATIONAL SECURITY

More information

REMARKS BY R. GIL KERLIKOWSKE DIRECTOR OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT. before the

REMARKS BY R. GIL KERLIKOWSKE DIRECTOR OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT. before the REMARKS BY R. GIL KERLIKOWSKE DIRECTOR OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT before the CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES DRUG POLICY IN THE AMERICAS JULY

More information

Russian State Antidrug Policy Strategy

Russian State Antidrug Policy Strategy Russian State Antidrug Policy Strategy STRATEGY for the Implementation of the National Anti-Drug Policy of the Russian Federation in the Period Until 2020 I. Introduction 1. The adoption of the Strategy

More information

THE ROLE OF THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING COUNCIL (AMLC) IN IDENTIFYING, FREEZING, CONFISCATING, AND RECOVERING PROCEEDS OF CORRUPTION

THE ROLE OF THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING COUNCIL (AMLC) IN IDENTIFYING, FREEZING, CONFISCATING, AND RECOVERING PROCEEDS OF CORRUPTION THE ROLE OF THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING COUNCIL (AMLC) IN IDENTIFYING, FREEZING, CONFISCATING, AND RECOVERING PROCEEDS OF CORRUPTION Julia C. Bacay-Abad* I. THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING ACT OF 2001; CREATION

More information

Legal protection of children from sexual exploitation: The Lanzarote Convention and the ONE in FIVE campaign

Legal protection of children from sexual exploitation: The Lanzarote Convention and the ONE in FIVE campaign PARLIAMENTS UNITED in combating sexual violence against children Legal protection of children from sexual exploitation: The Lanzarote Convention and the ONE in FIVE campaign Tanja Kleinsorge Head of the

More information

UNIÃO AFRICANA Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, P.O. Box: 3243 Tel.: (251-11) 5513 822 Fax: (251-11) 5519 321 Email: situationroom@africa-union.

UNIÃO AFRICANA Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, P.O. Box: 3243 Tel.: (251-11) 5513 822 Fax: (251-11) 5519 321 Email: situationroom@africa-union. AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE UNIÃO AFRICANA Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, P.O. Box: 3243 Tel.: (251-11) 5513 822 Fax: (251-11) 5519 321 Email: situationroom@africa-union.org ACTION PLAN FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION

More information

COMMITTEE ON HEMISPHERIC SECURITY (CHS) ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (OAS) Washington D.C., 17 February 2011

COMMITTEE ON HEMISPHERIC SECURITY (CHS) ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (OAS) Washington D.C., 17 February 2011 COMMITTEE ON HEMISPHERIC SECURITY (CHS) ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (OAS) Washington D.C., 17 February 2011 Statement by Mr. Ambassador Baso Sangqu (South Africa) Chairman of the Committee established

More information

APPROVED VERSION. Centro de Estudios Estratégicos de la Defensa Consejo de Defensa Suramericano Unión de Naciones Suramericanas.

APPROVED VERSION. Centro de Estudios Estratégicos de la Defensa Consejo de Defensa Suramericano Unión de Naciones Suramericanas. CEED S PRELIMINARY REPORT TO THE SOUTH AMERICAN DEFENSE COUNCIL ON THE TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR THE CONCEPTS OF SECURITY AND DEFENSE IN THE SOUTH AMERICAN REGION The Centre for Strategic Defense Studies

More information

United Nations Congresses on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 1955 2015 60 years of achievement

United Nations Congresses on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 1955 2015 60 years of achievement United Nations Congresses on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 1955 2015 60 years of achievement 60 years of United Nations Crime Congresses Every five years, policymakers and practitioners working

More information

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME CURRENT AND EMERGING THREATS

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME CURRENT AND EMERGING THREATS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME CURRENT AND EMERGING THREATS Organised by the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) and the United Nations Environment

More information

Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour

Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour US$150,000,000,000 Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour The global integration of economies, including labour markets, has brought many opportunities for workers and businesses and has spurred

More information

Asset and Income Disclosure for Judges: A Summary Overview and Checklist By Keith E. Henderson*

Asset and Income Disclosure for Judges: A Summary Overview and Checklist By Keith E. Henderson* Asset and Income Disclosure for Judges: A Summary Overview and Checklist By Keith E. Henderson* Although judges often balk at the invasion of privacy that disclosure of their private finances entails,

More information

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 8 September 2006. [without reference to a Main Committee (A/60/L.62)]

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 8 September 2006. [without reference to a Main Committee (A/60/L.62)] United Nations A/RES/60/288 General Assembly Distr.: General 20 September 2006 Sixtieth session Agenda items 46 and 120 Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 8 September 2006 [without reference

More information

THE CONCEPT of State Migration Policy

THE CONCEPT of State Migration Policy The Decree of the President of Ukraine, #622/2011 On the Concept of State Migration Policy With a purpose of creation of proper conditions for realization of state policy in the sphere of migration I hereby

More information

ONDCP. Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse FACT SHEET John P. Walters, Director www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov 1-800-666-3332. Drug-Related Crime

ONDCP. Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse FACT SHEET John P. Walters, Director www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov 1-800-666-3332. Drug-Related Crime Executive Office of the President Office of National Drug Control Policy ONDCP March 2000 Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse FACT SHEET John P. Walters, Director www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov 1-800-666-3332

More information

Regional Anti-Corruption Action Plan for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Ukraine.

Regional Anti-Corruption Action Plan for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Ukraine. Anti-Corruption Network for Transition Economies OECD Directorate for Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affairs 2, rue André Pascal F-75775 Paris Cedex 16 (France) phone: (+33-1) 45249106, fax: (+33-1)

More information

The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters

The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters Kondorosi Ferenc Under Secretary of State Ministry of Justice Hungary Criminal law is the branch of law, in which society s expectations

More information

Brussels, 13 July 1998

Brussels, 13 July 1998 Brussels, 13 July 1998 In accordance with the request of the European Parliament, the European Commission s latest report on the application of the EU Directive on the prevention of money laundering (91/308/EEC)

More information

THE FOREIGN POLICY OF MEXICO. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador President For a Stronger and Better Mexico

THE FOREIGN POLICY OF MEXICO. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador President For a Stronger and Better Mexico THE FOREIGN POLICY OF MEXICO Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador President For a Stronger and Better Mexico Lopez Obrador believes in the principles of self-determination, cooperation and international peace for

More information

THE FORTY RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINANCIAL ACTION TASK FORCE ON MONEY LAUNDERING

THE FORTY RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINANCIAL ACTION TASK FORCE ON MONEY LAUNDERING THE FORTY RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINANCIAL ACTION TASK FORCE ON MONEY LAUNDERING 1990 A. GENERAL FRAMEWORK OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS 1. Each country should, without further delay, take steps to fully implement

More information

ANALYSIS OF DRUG SITUATION IN UZBEKISTAN FOR 2014. The main directions of drug prevention policy of Uzbekistan and its implementation

ANALYSIS OF DRUG SITUATION IN UZBEKISTAN FOR 2014. The main directions of drug prevention policy of Uzbekistan and its implementation THE EMBASSY OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN TO THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM MISSIONS TO THE EUROPEAN UNION AND NATO Address: Av. Franklin Roosevelt, 99, 1050 Brussels, Belgium t. 322-6728844, f.322-6723946, e-mail:

More information

Presidency conclusions on establishing a strategy to combat the manipulation of sport results

Presidency conclusions on establishing a strategy to combat the manipulation of sport results COU CIL OF THE EUROPEA U IO EN Presidency conclusions on establishing a strategy to combat the manipulation of sport results 3201st EDUCATIO, YOUTH, CULTURE and SPORT Council meeting Brussels, 26 and 27

More information