1 National Model United Nations Week B March 24 March 28, 2013 General Assembly Third Committee Documentation
2 General Assembly Third Committee Committee Staff Director Assistant Director Chair Rapporteur Alicia Nall Samantha Winn Emilie Fonck Leila Alfaro Agenda 1. Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking 2. Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Children and Youth, Ageing, Disabled Persons, and the Family 3. From the Global Financial Crisis to the Global Social Crisis: Assessing the Social Impact of the Global Financial Crisis Resolutions adopted by the committee Document Code Topic Vote (Y/ N/ Abstention/ Non-Voting) GA3/1/1 Strengthening the Regulation of 97/16/34/2 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/2 Strengthening the Regulation of 90/28/31/0 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/3 Strengthening the Regulation of 64/42/46/-3 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/4 Strengthening the Regulation of 74/35/44/-4 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/5 Strengthening the Regulation of 110/13/25/1 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/6 Strengthening the Regulation of 68/37/41/3 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/7 Strengthening the Regulation of 58/48/34/9 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/8 Strengthening the Regulation of 91/23/29/6 International Drug Trafficking GA3/1/9 Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking 78/20/48/3
3 The General Assembly Third Committee Summary Report The General Assembly Third Committee held its annual session to consider the following agenda items: I. Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking; II. Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Children and Youth, Ageing, Disabled Persons, and the Family; and III. From the Global Financial Crisis to the Global Social Crisis: Assessing the Social Impact of the Global Financial Crisis. The session was attended by representatives of 157 Member States and 3 Observers. The session opened with several statements concerning the adoption of the agenda. The committee voted to adopt the agenda in its original order, beginning with the consideration of Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking. In the first session of the second day, the committee began to vigorously debate the first topic. Following opening speeches, the body split into several Working Groups which initially reflected regional ties and development groups. As the session progressed, Working Groups solidified around common topical interests, expanding beyond the regional working groups to reflect global multilateral coalitions. Common points of discussion included cargo container control, methods of tracking illicit drugs, alternative development, education for farmers, crop eradication, border control, expansion of UNODC treatment programs, and harm reduction campaigns. After extended caucusing, the body voted to change the speaker's time to sixty seconds in order to accommodate more speakers. In the final session of the second day, the dais received eight working papers for consideration. Working Groups immediately began the process of merging similar papers. A motion was made to close the speaker's list, but the committee failed to pass the motion. As working papers progressed, the groups endeavored to bring a broad swath of interests under the social and humanitarian mandate of the Third Committee. By the end of the first session of the third day, the dais had accepted a total of nineteen working papers. Merging began in earnest as coalitions of two and three working groups assembled to produce more comprehensive drafts. Vigorous debate continued on the topic, in spite of attempts to close the speaker's list. By morning of the fourth and final day, all submitted papers had received multiple rounds of revisions. By noon, the dais had accepted eleven draft resolutions for consideration by the body. As delegates continued to discuss the resolutions and gather support, delegates began drafting amendments and consulting with sponsors. The dais approved ten friendly amendments, divided among four draft resolutions. The committee rejected a motion to reduce the speaker's time, but voted to close the speaker's list in order to expedite voting procedure. During the final committee session, delegates finalized amendments and reviewed printed editions of draft resolutions. The committee rejected a final motion to reduce the speaker's time, but approved a motion to close the debate. Of the eleven draft resolutions on the floor, nine passed by simple placard vote. Multiple motions to adopt by acclamation failed. The dais elected to present two resolutions to the General Assembly Plenary, representing the most extensive coalitions: GA3/1/1 and GA3/1/5. Both were passed with an overwhelming majority and showed the collaborative effort of the body on a complex topic.
4 Code: GA3-1-1 Committee: General Assembly Subject: Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking Recalling Article 13.1(b) of the Charter of the United Nations which allows the General Assembly to make recommendations regarding international cooperation in the economic, social, cultural, educational, and health fields and in assisting in the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, as well as Articles 2.1 and 2.7 which acknowledge and respect the sovereign equality and domestic jurisdiction of every Member State, Concerned by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime s (UNODC) 2005 Annual Report, which finds that the annual profit from the trade in illicit drugs exceeded $326 Billion (USD), Noting with approval the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice s (CCPCJ) Resolution 20/6 on countering fraudulent medicines and in particular the trafficking of these fraudulent medicines, Reaffirming the goals of the United Nations 1961 Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances which recognizes that the traffic in illicit drugs destroys families and undermine[s] the legitimate economies [of Member States] and threaten[s] the stability, security, and sovereignty of States, Noting the work of the 52nd Session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) which hosted a high level segment to discuss progress by the UN since the 1998 General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem, Keeping in mind Resolution A/RES/S-20/4 of June 1998 which states that alternative development programs and projects should be consistent with national drug control policies and national sustainable development policies and strategies in affected rural communities, Further noting the Human Right Council s (HRC) role in prioritizing the human rights aspects of drug trafficking in the effective resource allocation from donor countries, as stated in ECOSOC Resolution E/RES/2011/258, Recognizing that any strategies aimed at combating the trafficking of illicit drugs must include a balance of treatment, rehabilitation, education, alternative development, and enforcement and that it is the right of sovereign States to determine this balance for the purposes of domestic policy-making, Expressing its appreciation for the Farmer Field and Life Schools (FFLS) and Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools (JFFLS) which have worked to help farmers in developing
5 Member States transition from cultivating illicit drug crops to sustainable, legal, and profitable forms of agriculture, Noting with regret that the current UNODC Alternative Development Programme does not adequately inform farmers on sustainable farming practices and do not have the potential to target both supply and demand on local, regional, and international levels, Drawing attention to the relationship between poverty and the production of illicit drugs, particularly in developing countries, Viewing with alarm the connection between money laundering, transnational organized crime, and illicit drug trafficking and the deleterious social and human rights impacts it perpetuates, as well as the threat posed to sovereignty of Member States, Troubled by the lack of oversight on illicit money flows and money laundering which, according to the UNODC 2009 report, accounted for $1.6 Trillion (USD) and concerned that such funding goes towards transnational criminal organizations, demonstrating a clear link between money laundering and hindrance of economic and human development, Observing the threat that the global drug trade poses to the realization of the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights including education, employment, economic growth, health, and human security, The General Assembly, 1) Urges regional organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the African Union (AU), the European Union (EU), the League of Arab States, and the Organization of American States (OAS) to work closely with the UNODC to reduce the trafficking in illicit drugs through strategies combining treatment, rehabilitation, education and enforcement in accordance with the values of participating sovereign Member States; 2) Encourages Member States to uphold their voluntary commitments to the Monterrey Consensus to donate 0.7% of their GNI as Official Development Assistance to developing states; 3) Strongly requests that Member States adopt programs which strengthen regional responses to the developmental impacts of illicit drugs, such as the Illicit Drugs Initiative (IDI) of AusAid; 4) Requests further strengthening of regulatory systems for HIV/AIDS treatment, with assistance from the WHO to manage the distribution of licit pharmaceuticals and prevent their illicit trading within Member States;
6 ) Calls upon Member States to strengthen cooperation through the UNODC as well as regional and international bodies to restrict the trafficking of fraudulent medications by: a. Educating relevant government bodies and NGOs, with assistance from WHO, about the prevalence and dangers of fraudulent medicines; b. Strengthening the regulation of and distribution of licit pharmaceuticals to prevent the exploitation of vulnerable persons through the trafficking of fraudulent medicines; 6) Invites Member States to adopt similar programs such as the UNODC Kokang and Wa Initiative (KOWI) in Myanmar as a successful model for alternative development for the purpose of combating illicit drug production at the domestic level; 7) Further invites Inter-Regional Development Banks, such as the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the Inter-American Development Bank, to increase development grants to Member States negatively affected by illicit drug trade for the purposes of allowing them to help local farmers transition from illicit drug crops to legal and sustainable forms of agriculture; 8) Appeals to Member States to continue their partnerships with the International Labor Organization s (ILO) Youth Employment Programme as a means of combating illicit drug trafficking by providing alternative forms of employment for young persons who might otherwise be exploited by the illicit drug market; 9) Recommends the expansion of the UNODC Alternative Development Programme to include regional education initiatives that will operate on a voluntary basis with full consent of Member States; 10) Suggests that Member States continue funding these education initiatives through the use of: a. Inter-Regional Banks; b. Micro-financing by institutions such as the Grameen Bank, and; c. Non-Governmental and International Organizations; 11) Stresses that these UNODC-facilitated regional education initiatives focus on: a. Providing education to farmers regarding the benefits of growing licit crops, and sustainable growing practices, as well as the risks involved in engaging in growing illicit drug crops;
7 b. Consulting with Member States, local government officials, regional experts, drug rehabilitation experts, and farmers; c. Maintaining local community standards and respecting indigenous cultures while engaging in the education of farmers; 12) Further encourages that these education centers start up costs be included in both the UNODC and United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) budgets in addition to funding from UNODC Member States as well as regional development banks; 13) Expresses its hope for a stronger partnership between the United Nations Children s Fund (UNICEF) and the UNODC to establish community and school based education initiatives for vulnerable groups on the dangers of illicit drugs and the non-medical uses of prescription drugs including: a. Focused campaigns on a wide range of age groups, specifically youth and children; b. Informational campaigns on the relationship between intravenous drugs and HIV/AIDS infections; 14) Welcomes Member States to incorporate the goals of the UNESCO Education for All Initiative to provide relevant and quality education to all people to lead to a more productive society in order to combat drug trafficking; 15) Endorses the expansion of the UNODC Treatment Programme, with additional financial support being contributed by the UN Development Programme s Poverty Alleviation Trust Fund to work with regional bodies in providing rehabilitative services in collaboration with local authorities: a. By creating local, community led rehabilitation programs in partnership with the World Health Organization s (WHO) Assist Package to work towards diagnostic rehabilitation; b. Providing medical and social support by those deemed qualified according to each Member State, which may include psychologists, general practitioners, nurses, and rehabilitation experts; c. By providing training to health care staff in conjunction with local authorities and offering gender specific training in regards to maternal and pre-natal health;
8 d. By providing community-based rehabilitation programs modeled after successful national initiatives as the Sunshine Project located in Beijing and; e. By offering timely access to counseling and treatment, including voluntary HIV/AIDS services as a means of social integration in conjunction with financial, technical and logistical assistance from the WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS); 16) Calls for increased financial, technical, and logistical assistance to the Law Enforcement Organized Crime and Anti-Money Laundering Unit of the UNODC as well as the efforts of Interpol to offer assistance to regional initiatives in order to create a unified front in combating illicit drug trafficking to end the hindrance in development created therein; 17) Strongly affirms the right of fishermen to security of their person and livelihood in maritime affairs by strengthening the UN Conference on Trade and Development Port Security Program which works to train personnel on modern port functioning to combat maritime drug trafficking; 18) Further endorses the enhancement of the role of the division of ocean affairs and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to promote maritime security and reduce the impacts of drug trafficking and the impacts on socioeconomic maritime activity; 19) Further suggests that Member States utilize the World Bank s Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Infrastructure Development Programme as well as other ICT development initiatives as a means of increasing ICT usage to encourage public participation in mapping the corruption propagated from the illicit drug trade and tracing of narcotic substances through ICTs; 20) Further recommends that the UNODC creates the Program for Aligning Regional and Transnational Narcotics Enforcement Regulations (PARTNER) with priority given to upholding social, cultural and human rights, that includes: a. Encouraging Member States to create national initiatives modeled after the Finnish National Drug Policy Coordination Group (NDPCG) which: i. Provides an example of how politicians and law enforcement officials can become involved in drug regulation and policy creation; ii. Encourages greater transparency throughout Member States, specifically in disseminating methods and techniques used to combat drug trafficking as well as its effects;
9 b. Modifying the distribution of the current six UNODC regional blocks to now include ten regional task forces in: North America, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Sub Saharan and Southern Africa, North Africa and the Middle East, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania, with the goals of; i. Promoting technical assistance and intelligence sharing at regional, national, and local levels to effectively disseminate best practices; ii. Creating and utilizing an index of law enforcement, scientific, medical and educational specialists as deemed appropriate by the UNODC, who will populate the ten regional taskforces; iii. Creating a process for regions to establish criteria and priorities of issues which Member States wish to address; iv. Calls for the allocation of funds to be administered by the UN Development Programme Multiple Partnership Trust Fund with an adequate amount of funding given based on a region-specific evaluation by the UNODC; c. Providing funding for implementation for these task forces be acquired jointly from voluntary Member State donations, as well as International Governmental Organizations (IGOs); 21) Expresses the desire that funding be acquired through the involvement of Inter- Regional Banks and all willing and able Member States for the adequate implementation of all initiatives outlined herein.
10 Code: GA3/1/2 Committee: General Assembly Subject: Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking Aware of the role the family plays in promoting education and preventing drug usage and its importance in maintaining social stability in keeping individuals informed and protected for the impacts drugs have on communities, Cognizant that the family structure is the most immediate link in preventing the cycle of youth involvement in black market and illicit economic activities, Noting the effects drugs have on societies in disrupting sustainable peace as espoused in Resolution A/RES/66/222, which declares peace vital to achieve universal cooperation between Member States in solving economic, cultural, and humanitarian problems within the international community, Recognizing the importance of establishing policies aimed at economic stability and structural reforms within developing countries in order to create a more secure environment for a stable and sustainable development, Reaffirming Resolution A/RES/65/323, which notes the importance of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and its regional offices to build capacity at the local level by promoting preventative measures towards illicit drug consumption, Emphasizing the serious threat new drugs have on the public and within communities, as noted in Resolution A/RES/66/183, which promotes the development of demand reduction and schoolbased prevention measures for younger persons, Guided by Resolution A/RES/S-20/3 and the Guiding Principles of Drug Demand Reduction in promoting the active coordination and participation of governments and individuals by discouraging initial use and reducing the negative social consequences of drug abuse, Deeply convinced poverty prolonged by the consequences of drug trafficking is a barrier to human development which prevents individuals, families, households, and entire communities from achieving a sustainable future,, The General Assembly, 1) Encourages Member States to streamline drug demand reduction initiatives by providing educational presentations and community dialogue of drug abuse and its effects on a local and interpersonal level by establishing training programs for community members such as the UNODC s youth programs; 2) Emphasizes the need for social partnerships between governments, the public sector, and the private sector in developing systematic scanning of cargo and port channels through efforts such as the Know Your Client program in order to enhance trust within the international community;
11 ) Also encourages Member States to hold the private sector and property owners accountable in maintaining responsible management techniques such as repetitive licensing, zoning, and enforcements to diminish the harboring of underground drug rings through the UNODC; 4) Expresses its hope that Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) continue fostering activities such as the Drug Prevention Network of the Americas (DPNA): a. Through continued communication and exchanges of scientific information on substance abuse and harm reduction strategies including the continued promotion of health by updating symptom directories; b. With the aim of creating awareness within communities by promoting early prevention of substance abuse and allowing medical facilities, employers and academic institutions knowledge of drug related conditions; 5) Supports the efforts of Member States who have mobilized their citizens in exercising informal social pressures to protect their community members through parent to child, employer to employee, and neighbor to neighbor responses to effectively eliminate drug usage by using culture as a catalyst towards drug prevention; 6) Recommends Member States collaborate at the regional level to develop Drug Information Networks through social partnerships by: a. Requesting the UNODC to act as a liaison for information and security resourcesharing to combat drug usage globally; b. Promoting multi-lateral evaluation systems, with the input of all States involved, on developing best practices towards drug awareness techniques, providing relevant research statistics, and patient drug diagnoses including synthetic drugs; 7) Urges Member States to develop comprehensive reviews of legislation and national action plans of drug trafficking initiatives with respect towards diminishing environmental barriers to development by: a. Re-evaluating policies and regulations that may effectively reallocate necessary resources towards stronger policing activities with respect to the development of the Member State; b. Thoroughly analyzing the trafficking process on individuals and best practices of re-establishing persons involved in trafficking into their communities through rehabilitation and reintegration measures; 8) Strongly recommends Member States adopt Problem Oriented Policing Strategy (POPS) approaches to drug trafficking through North-South, South-South, and multilateral
12 coordination through Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessment (SARA) programs in order to promote evaluative policing measures and stronger impacts on public safety problems; 9) Encourages developed Member States, the UNODC, and relevant NGOs to engage in community life skills education, and community-based prevention measures for substance abuse and addiction by giving monetary incentives for: a. Communities and civil society who actively promote positive intervention measures and community watch programs, especially in regards to educational and employment facilities, by focusing on rehabilitating victims and non-aggressive perpetrators into society and the formal sector of the economy by reducing: i. Social stigma on individuals who show efforts to be a positive contributor to society; ii. The negative social consequences of drug trafficking including social strife and aggression within said communities; b. Families and parents who promote drug prevention towards their youth and community members and actively engage members of their community in rehabilitation measures.
13 Code: GA 3/1/3 Committee: General Assembly Subject: Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking Recognizing the significant contributions made through previous resolutions adopted by the General Assembly including A/RES/S-20/3, A/RES/S-20/4e, A/RES/64/182, A/RES/65/233, the 2005 World Summit Outcome, the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, and all other relevant resolutions regarding the world drug problem, Noting the persistence of narcotics trafficking, despite international and regional efforts to create regulatory policies against criminal networks and to curtail the spread of narcotics and psychotropic substances globally, which continue to threaten the socioeconomic and political stability of Member States, Considering the findings of the European Drugs Observatory, now referred to as the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, which show little relationship between tough prohibitionist policies against drug use and reduction in drug related crimes, Acknowledging the deficiency of solutions regarding the demand-side of the international drug trafficking problem, focusing on those who seek to purchase and abuse the narcotics that are being trafficked rather than those who take advantage of these vulnerable and addicted populations, Supporting the acceptance by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) of the needle and syringe and treatment diversion programs sponsored by multiple European nations as new methods to assist drug users in creating contact with treatment centers, Applauding the work of South Africa in implementing the Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Symptom Screener (SAMISS) and other novel and pertinent methods of screening patients for potential substance abuse disorder, Further applauding the willingness of Portugal to be open to new studies of their own drugdependent population for the sake of research, similarly to the Netherlands involvement in the ESTHER project, Taking note of the fluidity of the modern world which is constantly exposed to new technologies through which many new strategies and solutions for the problem of international drug trafficking could be discovered, Highlighting the importance of education and training for those who work with substance abuse patients in the maintenance, care, and rehabilitative aspects of treatment, Keeping in mind the Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 which invites signatories to make monetary contributions to funds established for the purpose of combating drug trafficking,
14 Recalling Article 14 of the 1988 Convention which declares the strong political will of each Member State to implement the necessary provisions as contained within the aforementioned document, Affirming the importance of Article 22 of the Declaration on Human Rights which focuses on the importance of cultural rights and international cooperation based on the organization and resources of each state, Recognizing the importance of Article 2 of the Charter which states that every Member State has sovereignty over its own nation, The General Assembly, 1) Endorses the need for more sustained research of technology-based interventions such as Therapeutic Education System (TES) for the purpose of: a. Recommending culturally adaptable self-guided intervention systems aimed at treating risky negative psychosocial behaviors via simulations of high risk behavioral situations; b. Researching cost-effective supplemental tools in the treatment of the psychosocial aspects of substance abuse; c. Creating such systems that can be deployable across multiple platforms such as, inter alia, videos, computer games, web browsers, and mobile applications based on the resources and organization of Member States, and that such suggestions take into account the varying socio-economic and cultural realities of Member States; d. Researching the viability of implementation of such programs into institutions such as, inter alia, schools, community-based treatment centers, prisons, sterile injection sites, and methadone and treatment centers, with specific guidelines on possible implementation that takes into account the differences in these institutions in and between states; e. Reducing the risk of repeated drug offenses working within the framework established by the UNODC in the International Standards on Drug Use Prevention, specifically the section entitled, Addressing individual psychological vulnerabilities ; 2) Invites Member States to consider alternative methods for combating the problem of drug addiction and to choose such methods that are most beneficial to their own population s situation regarding drug abuse; 3) Draws attention to the need for early detection of substance abuse disorder by: a. Making technology similar to the aforementioned program available for use in schools so that trained staff may identify high risk behavioral traits and integrative
15 curriculum approaches to aid youth in the mastery of skills and culturally sensitive behavioral choices needed to prevent or rehabilitate psychosocial behaviors associated with substance abuse disorder; b. Tailoring technology-based approaches to those who might not otherwise seek institutional assistance with substance abuse; c. Seeking the cooperation of the UNODC with programs such as The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to design training methods specifically for early detection of destructive behaviors associated with substance abuse disorder; d. Creating best practices to ensure non-discriminatory profiling such as those suggested to pharmacists through the 2009 report: Prescription Drug Abuse: Strategies to Reduce Diversion sponsored by the US Pharmacists Union acknowledging that all persons should not be discriminated based on race, sex, creed, ethnicity, age, disability, or education; 4) Suggests Member States to consider funding such technologies by: a. Establishing fixed monetary guidelines for allocation of funds for domestic substance abuse treatment, care, and prevention; b. Recognizing that unsustainable debt compounded with the imposition of unilateral economic sanctions presents a significant fiscal barrier for Member States wishing to take measures to address substance abuse within their borders; c. Setting a goal to allocate.05% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of developing Member States within a ten-year period towards domestic spending on substance abuse treatment measures, such as those advocated by the UNODC; d. Setting a goal to allocate.07% of the Gross National Income (GNI) of developed Member States within a ten-year period towards providing funds for the developmental assistance of developing nations on substance abuse treatment measures, such as those advocated by the UNODC; e. Considering the option of using funds from drug seizures to fund special programs aimed at facilitating technological development for the sake of treatment of substance abuse as is supported by the 1988 Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances; 5) Calls upon Member States who have implemented such novel approaches to substance abuse treatment to consider sharing such findings with other Member States with the goal of: a. Diminishing the demand for narcotics and providing substance abuse patients with alternative means of treatment such as biofeedback and holistic therapy;
16 b. Eliminating the necessity of narcotics supply routes for substance abuse patients and halting criminal networks that abuse the vulnerability of those suffering from the disease of addiction; 6) Requests relevant UN agencies and entities as well as scientific and legal communities within and between Member States to cooperate in assessing the viability, effectiveness, and legal implications of such technological approaches to the treatment of substance abuse;
17 Code: GA3/1/4 Committee: General Assembly Subject: Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking Noting the intrinsic link between financial instability and commerce in illicit drugs, Recognizing the success of micro financing and micro-loans in reducing the negative social effects of the international illicit drug trade by helping to alleviate poverty, especially amongst marginalized groups of people, Recalling Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states that Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment, Aware that opportunities for employment and entrepreneurship, especially those supported by microcredit and micro-loans, are vital to the realization of sustainable alternatives to drug trafficking, Deeply convinced that the Millennium Development Goal 8, developing a global partnership for development, is essential for regulating the illicit drug trade, Notes the importance of considering each Member States unique needs, expertise, values, and culture, Confident that a people-centered approach is fundamental when helping individuals overcome their vulnerabilities to the illicit drug trade by encouraging them to break into the formal sector of a countries economy, The General Assembly, 1) Calls upon Member States to collaborate with the United Nations Foundation s Global Entrepreneurship Council to find business opportunities through microfinancing services, such as micro-loans, in least developed countries for those wishing to exit the illicit drug trade; 2) Emphasizes the importance of transparency in bilateral and multilateral partnerships surrounding micro-financing by maintaining a public online database, with the participation of the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI), of support and aid programs including the: a. Identification of the main objectives that need to be specified as short- or longterm goals, as well as the main commitments and needs partners want to address in order to ensure transparency in their good-willing intensions, b. Involvement of parties in clearly identified and disclosed multilateral partnerships with governments, NGOs, voluntary agencies, foundations,
18 service clubs, educational institutions, or corporations to avoid conflicts of interests, c. Establishment of a budget for fiscal and human-resource operations to track the provenance of funds in the hopes of minimizing corruption; 3) Encourages the recognition and the utilization of entrepreneurship, which is articulated as a crucial aspect of development by the International Labour Organization (ILO), as it is a critical tool to ensure sustainable economic development and can consequently reduce crime and corruption related to the illicit drug trade by: a. Providing a valuable alternative to the growth and/or marketing of illegal drug substances through entrepreneurship, b. Favoring the recovery from pain and grief of victims of drug abuse by engaging in motivating and inspiring opportunities in various trade sectors of business affairs; 4) Proposes long term investment partnerships between Member States, based on common goals, beliefs and geographical location, to combat drug trafficking by awarding poverty-stricken citizens access to credit and expertise by providing them with: a. Funds that are granted at a competitive interest rate or with a reasonable cap depending on the current economical situation of the individual in order to provide all citizens equitable access to credit in order to escape from the drug related trade, b. Sustainable human resources and skills, given upon request by the benefactor, that include education on vocational skills to help sustain basic needs and promote business establishment and growth; 5) Strongly urges Member States to collaborate with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), along with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), in identifying and meeting the needs for technical assistance tailored to the specific requirements of developing countries on investment and entrepreneurship in order to provide a valuable alternative to the illicit drug trade by: a. Conducting seminars and trainings, with the help of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), in local communities that are adapted to the needs and nature of the participants to give both donors and recipients the tools to acquire business-related knowledge preparing citizens of developing countries to operate in legitimate business industries;
19 b. Hosting business conferences, in collaboration with the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), for future possible beneficiaries in developing countries in order to attract investors that focus both on foreign along with domestic investments, and that are interested in establishing long-term partnerships that will empower citizens to renounce illicit drug trade for a secure contractual business; c. Endorsing the actualization of equality and human rights principles, as well as respect of marginalized groups knowledge, values and culture in investment decision-making to support these groups, formed of youth, elderly and women, and to adequately integrate them into legal commercial activities; 6) Calls for Member States to initiate awareness-raising campaigns through diverse media, in collaboration with organizations that are experts in this domain, to bring to light the negative effects of illicit substances on an individual s ability to work, and to demonstrate how employment through entrepreneurship can be a lifechanging alternative to drug abuse.
20 Code: GA3/1/5 Committee: General Assembly Subject: Strengthening the Regulation of International Drug Trafficking Affirming the importance of cooperation and collaboration among Member States and of the establishment of international peace and security, as mentioned in Article 1 of the Charter of the United Nations, Reaffirming the right to national sovereignty as outlined in Article 2 of the Charter of the United Nations, Recalling the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights, Concerned by the detrimental impact of international drug trafficking on the timely achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) by 2015, Encouraged that combating drug trafficking will contribute to the eradication of extreme poverty, hunger, and the establishment of a global partnership for development, as outlined in the MDGs, Recalling further the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, the Global Programme Against Money Laundering (GPML), as well as the 1998 UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) Political Declaration and Action Plan Against Money Laundering, Recognizing that poverty is a key influence on perpetuating involvement of vulnerable persons in drug trafficking, and aiming to assist these persons by addressing unemployment and lack of education, Bearing in mind the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as amended by the 1972 Protocol, the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 1998 General Assembly s Special Session on World Drug Program, Having considered Resolutions A/RES/67/193, A/RES/66/183, and A/RES/65/233 which promote international cooperation against the world drug problem, Having adopted Resolution A/RES/67/186 which emphasizes the importance of the rule of law in combating transnational organized crime and drug trafficking, Recalling the Commission on Narcotic Drugs Resolution 55/6 of 2012 which encourages the development of an international electronic import and export authorization system for licit trade in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances,