1 2009/SOM2/SCSC/WKSP2/015 Chilean Agency for Food Safety - New Policy: A Must for Risk Assessment Activities Submitted by: Chile Examination of Hot Issues in Risk Analysis Workshop Singapore 1-2 August 2009
2 CHILEAN GOVERNMENT MINISTRY SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE PRESIDENCE Chilean Agency for Food Safety. A New Policy: A Must for Risk Assessment Activities. Rodrigo Sotomayor Singapore, August 02, 2009 Global Context of Food Safety Increasing volume and Diversity of trading food Changes in human behavior and the ecology Major requirements for public health protection More sophisticated systems of detection and hazzard management
3 This is Chile in the world map Chile descripted through some hard numbers and stadistics Total population: habitants (At july of 2008). 13% lives in rurals areas and 87% lives in the citys. Language: Spanish. Gross national income per capita (PPP international): US$ Life expectancy at birth m/f (years): 75/81 Healthy life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2003): 65/70 Probability of dying under five (per live births): 9 Probability of dying between 15 and 60 years m/f (per population): 121/60 Source: World Health Organizations. (www.who.int) Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (www.ine.cl)
4 Life expectancy at birth: Comparisons of countries. Paises con igual o mejor expectativa de vida que Chile, 2006, Estadisticas Mundiales de Salud, OMS Promedio Mundial Chile Costa Rica Cuba Kuwait Slovenia Belgica Dinamarca Finlandia Malta Portugal Reino Unido Austria Chipre Alemania Irlanda Luxemburgo Holanda Nueva Zelandia Noruega Canada Francia Islandia Isrrael Italia Singapur España Suecia Australia San Marino Suiza Japon Infant mortality: other countries Mortalidad infantil en Chile y otros países, 2006, Estadísticas Mundiales de Salud, OMS Promedio Mundial Chile Costa Rica Cuba Kuwait Slovenia Belgica Dinamarca Finlandia Malta Portugal Reino Unido Austria Chipre Alemania Irlanda Luxemburgo Holanda Nueva Zelandia Noruega Canada Francia Islandia Isrrael Italia Singapur España Suecia Australia San Marino Suiza Japon
5 MA1 Mortality attributable to risk factors, Chile 2004 Presión arterial Sal (3g) Alcohol Tabaco Sobrepeso y obesidad (IMC) Contaminacion aire (extra) Colesterol sérico Glicemia Frutas y verduras Actividad física Contaminacion del aire(intra) Sexo inseguro Bajo Peso nacimiento Helicobacter Pylori Saneamiento e higiene Drogas ilícitas Food-borne diseases N of deaths Disability adjusted life year DALY, attributable to risk factors, Chile 2008 Alcohol Sobrepeso y obesidad (IMC) Presión arterial Contaminacion aire (extra) Glicemia Bajo Peso nacimiento Sal (3g) Helicobacter Pylori Tabaco Colesterol sérico Frutas y verduras Sexo inseguro Actividad física Contaminacion del aire(intra) Saneamiento e higiene Drogas ilícitas Food-borne diseases
6 Slide 7 MA1 Sobrepeso y obesidad: Overweight and obesity Frutas y verduras: Low consuptions of vegetables Low birthweight sanitation and hygiene Helicobacter_ Ulcerates Monica Arcos, 01-Aug-09
7 MA2 Today, from the government we are Promoting the consumption of fruits and vegetables Ministry of Health Ministry of Agriculture Distribution of food suspected in Foodborne Diseases Porcentaje Chile, Año ,3 Distribución porcentual de alimento sospechoso en brotes ETA. Chile, n = ,2 N=872. 6,5 4,7 4,5 3,9 3,1 2,7 1,9 1,9 1,6 1,5 1,5 1,5 0,7 0,6 0,6 0,5 0,5 0,2 0,2 7,8
8 Slide 9 MA2 saying go to the Fresh Produce Market if the supermarket are too expenssive. MOH. Healthy messages Monica Arcos, 01-Aug-09
9 Place of Safety Loss Distribución porcentual según lugar de pérdida de inocuidad. Chile, Ene - Oct ,9 26,5 23,5 10,6 6,8 2,0 1,7 Manipulación doméstica Produccion Manipulacion comercial No determ Almacenamiento Transporte Procesamiento Porcentaje Porcentaje Distribution of the foodborne disease, according to place of safety loss Rastreability Chile, Distribución Año porcentual N=872. de los brotes de ETA, según (Trazability) lugar de pérdida de inocuidad. Chile, n = ,6 13,0 Manipulación doméstica Manipulacion comercial 8,9 6,7 Produccion No determ 2,2 1,0 0,3 Almacenamiento Transporte Procesamiento 52,3 Sin datos
10 83,850 Km Chile : maritime country 2,800 Km 1,400 Km Continental coastal length : 4,200 Km + bounderies of the island related to the coast = Km Source: Directemar Chilean export food matrix Processed foods Fresh Fruits Wines farmed salmons 10% 6% 11% 15% 25% Others see foods Meets Others foods 21% 12% Source: ODEPA, Central Bank of Chile, Chilealimentos.
11 Fisheries Exports by group of produce Frozen fish Fresh and refrigerated fish Fish meal L.A.C.F. Fish oils others Aquaculture Exports Athlantics Salmon Rainbow trout Pacifics Salmon Mussels Others salmons Garciolaria sp
12 Exports of Fish and Seafood to Economics Areas, Exports of Agriculture to Economics Areas, until May Gráfico Nº 6 Agricultural export by economic zone Participación mayo 2009 OTRAS 12% APEC(Excluido Nafta) 27% UE 25% MERCOSUR 3% NAFTA 33% Source: ODEPA. MINAGRI, 2009.
13 The challenge of constructing public policies in food safety National Food Safety Policy Chilean Agency for Food Safety NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY POLICY Santiago, may 2009
14 NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY POLICY GOBIERNO DE CHILE MINISTERIO SECRETARIA GENERAL DE LA PRESIDENCIA PURPOSE OF THE POLICY: To oversee the safety of food produced, manufactured and sold within the country in order to safeguard the protection of people s health and consumer s rights, as well as strengthening the competitive development of the country s export food industry, through a modern, integrated, efficient and transparent national food safety system. NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY POLICY GOBIERNO DE CHILE MINISTERIO SECRETARIA GENERAL DE LA PRESIDENCIA POLICY PRINCIPLES: 1. The right to health protection and safe and healthy food. 2. The search for a competitive and responsible development. 3. Transparency and participation warranty. 4. Decisions based on information and scientific evidence. 5. Fulfillment of international obligations.
15 Chilean Government 1. Ministry of Home affairs (Interior Ministry) 2. Ministry of Foreign Affairs 3. Ministry of Defense 4. Ministry of Finances (treasury) 5. Ministry Secretary General of the Presidence 6. Ministry Secretary General of Government 7. Ministry of Economy, Foment And Reconstruction 8. Ministry of Planification 9. Ministry of Educatión 10. Ministry of Justice 11. Ministry of Health 12.Ministry del Trabajo y Previsión Social 13.Ministry of Publics Works 14.Ministry of Housing and Urban Development 15. Ministry of Agriculture 16. Ministry of Mining 17. Ministry of Transport and Telecommunication 18. Ministry of National Property 19. National Energy Commission 20.National Service Framework for Women 21. National Council for Culture and the Arts 22. National Environment Commission Roles in safety food in Chile MINISTRY OF HEALTH MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE MINISTRY OF ECONOMY MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS Safety Food destined for human consumption, for domestic production and for imported one. AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK SERVICE (SAG) National Fisheries Service (SERNAPESCA) GENERAL DIRECTORATE FOR INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AFFAIRE (DIRECON) National Plant and Livestock Protection Rol: To Carry out the Phytosanitary and Zoosanitary Certification process To Carry out the Fishing National Policy. Rol: Sanitary quality of the fishing products of exportation International Trade s Coordination of the management of exportation
16 The policy presents a new integrated model Focus on the processes An Integral Sight of the food chain Active Public - Private Partnerships. To expand and to consolidate better practices and mechanisms of selfcontrol of food hazards To work in Prevention over reparation or punishment The Chilean Food Safety Agency today Executive Secretary Dra. Ma. Soledad Barría Economist (administration) Journalist 2 people of Ministry of Health Dr. Tito Pizarro Dr. Jaime Cornejo 2 people of Ministry of Agricultural Dr. David Guerra Ing. Agr. Rodrigo Sotomayor 2 people of Ministry of Economy Dra. Inés Montalva BQ. Nelly Pacheco
17 Chilean Agency for Safety food. Today as an advisor commision MINISTRY OF HEALTH MINISTRY SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE PRESIDENSE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE Chilean Agency for Safety Foods SAG Comunity / Consummers Academics, Producers, Processors, distributors and exporters MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS DIRECON MINISTRY OF ECONOMY Under Secretary for Fisheries SERNAPESCA Schedule: Objetives for the Agency in 2009 / To improve the regulatory framework for food safety; 2. To Improve systems for monitoring and surveillance; 3. To Promote the strengthening of scientific and technological capabilities; 4. To develop an institutional framework to facilitate and promote the coordination of public entities, opening spaces of participation for consumers and food chain actors.
18 Our priorities for the next steps in food safety, like a kind of Study Case Tooking with the true 1. To improve the regulatory framework for food To keep the regulations updated to changes in the Codex. The better decission National regulation reviews: Decision making process and support tools design: cost (social and economic) analysis and mitigation
19 2. To Improve systems for monitoring and surveillance To Integrate the systems of control in priority areas: - HACCP recogniced by the diferents public services (Health Autority, SAG and Sernapesca); To Create an Integrated Systems in: harmful algal blooms and Red Tide (Knows in Chile like Marea Roja ) Residues and contaminants: Dioxins and Pesticides Emergents: Listeria Supporting improvement and harmonization of processes controlling imports and exports 3. To Promote the strengthening of scientific and technological capabilities Diagnostic capabilities of the different Private industries and the Public services relationated Development capabilities (personnel, laboratories, research) on the selected and priorizated topics.
20 4. To develop an institutional framework that may facilitate and promote the coordination of public entities, and open spaces for the participation of consumers and all food chain actors. To Spread the National food Safety Policy Make a Draft legislation proposed to Congress To Develop communication and participation mechanisms: consumers, academics, workers, employers and producers Newsletter, Design Tips, Web, Design response to citizens To Develop an integrated information system and health alerts In summary, the Schedule for it proposes: 1. To Improve the regulatory framework 2. To Improve all the systems for make a coordinated monitoring programe and surveillance 3. To Increasing scientific and technological capabilities 4. Strengthen the institutional framework and management model agency 1. Codex and others systems for new norms; 2 and 3: prioritized actions: - HACCP - harmful algal blooms and Red Tide - Dioxins and pesticides - Listeria; 4. Law with management tools to facilitate the coordination and stakeholders involvement.
21 Some Challenges projected to Implementation of risk assessment system To strengthen the analytical capacity of the laboratory network Development of warning system and crisis management Implementation of integrated system of monitoring and control (HACCP, harmful algal blooms (marea roja), Contaminants and Residues) To have a Law and a new Public Service Safe and healthy Food for Chile and all the world THANKS A LOT FOR YOUR ATTENTION J. Rodrigo Sotomayor C.