1 SUBSTANCE USE & MISUSE Vol. 38, No. 7, pp , 2003 Prevalence of Alcohol and Drug Use in an Adolescent Training Facility Rebecca Lebeau-Craven, M.P.H., 1, * Lynda Stein, Ph.D., 1 Nancy Barnett, Ph.D., 1 Suzanne M. Colby, Ph.D., 1 Joe L. Smith, L.C.D.P., 2 and Anna L. Canto, C.D.P. 2 1 Center for Alcohol and Addiction, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA 2 Marathon/Pheonix Houses ofnew England, Cranston, Rhode Island, USA ABSTRACT This study investigates substance use and crimes among incarcerated adolescents. Chart reviews were conducted between with 186 adolescent, male offenders, including information on demographics, substance use, and crimes. Results indicate that use of alcohol (88.7%) and marijuana (95.7%) was highly prevalent. The most widely committed crimes included possession ofa controlled substance (31.8%), receiving stolen goods (17.8%), and violation of probation (17.2%). Significant differences were observed across *Correspondence: Rebecca Lebeau-Craven, M.P.H., Center for Alcohol and Addiction, P.O. Box G-BH, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA; Fax: (401) ; DOI: /JA Copyright & 2003 by Marcel Dekker, Inc (Print); (Online)
2 826 Lebeau-Craven et al. racial/ethnic groups; White nonhispanic adolescents were more likely to use cocaine, hallucinogens, and heroin than adolescents ofother races. Future research examining relationships between criminal behavior, substance use, and cultural variations in use patterns and delinquency will allow more relevant intervention and prevention strategies in this population. INTRODUCTION Research with adults has identified a strong association between drug use and crime (Wish and Johnson, 1986) with the prevalence ofdrug use among adults who have been arrested increasing in the last decade (Wish, 1987). Based on national survey data ofadults, early age at onset ofalcohol use is related to a greater likelihood ofdeveloping alcohol dependence, patterns offrequent heavy drinking, unintentional injury under the influence ofalcohol, and being in a physical fight after drinking (Hingson et al., 2000; Grant and Dawson, 1997). In 1999, ofthe over 2 million adolescent arrests, 408,800 (17%) were for drug-related crimes (i.e., drug abuse, DUI, drunkenness, and liquor law violations) and the juvenile justice system costs the U.S. government approximately $1 billion annually (Patterson, 1989). Substance abuse is a prevalent problem in incarcerated youth. Farrow and French (1986) reported that 81% ofa sample of91 incarcerated youths admitted to some substance abuse during the six months prior to incarceration. Rates ofthose who used substances on a daily basis were as follows: tobacco, 76%; cocaine, 8%; hallucinogens, 4.4%; amphetamines, 19%; marijuana, 50%; barbiturates, 12%; and alcohol, 28%. Neighbors et al. (1992) reported that 47% ofa sample of111 incarcerated youths met criteria for a diagnosis ofalcohol or substance abuse or dependence. Ofthose diagnosed, 44% were diagnosed as manifesting alcohol abuse or dependence, alone or in conjunction with marijuana use or dependence. These data are similar to those ofmcmanus et al. (1984) who studied 71 incarcerated youth and found that 28% had a diagnosis ofalcohol abuse or dependence and 44% had a diagnosis ofcannabis abuse. The National Institute ofjustice (1997) compiled data from 12 U.S. cities on adolescents aged 9 18 indicating that more offenses ofevery type (violent, property, and drug) were committed by arrestees who tested positive for alcohol and marijuana.
3 Substance Use in Adolescent Training Facility 827 The above studies indicate a critical public health concern and it is important to focus research on efforts that may reduce recidivism among adolescents. This research may examine the relationship between juvenile criminal behavior and drug use, and it may focus on prevention and intervention efforts. Such research on prevention and intervention may explore background characteristics that influence treatment needs (i.e., ethnic background) (Morse, 1993; Dembo et al., 1998). This study examined alcohol and drug use in an adolescent training facility that houses, educates, and treats juvenile arrestees from diverse backgrounds. The purpose was to investigate and identify patterns ofalcohol and drug use that are related to illegal activities and juvenile incarceration. We also explored the relationship between background characteristics, substance use, and illegal activity. In doing so, our aim is to expand the knowledge base regarding juvenile offenders. METHOD This study was completed through record reviews ofclinical intake data. Originally, through structured interview and review ofcourt data, training school staff collected intake and screening data with newly adjudicated adolescents (where available collaterals were also interviewed). These clinical assessments contained demographic data and data on alcohol and substance use. Substance abuse counselors collected all data. These professionals are licensed drug use counselors and social workers. The initial sample consisted of186 male adolescents, aged years, who were adjudicated between January 1997 and January Among them, 170 adolescents were also enrolled in substance abuse treatment at the facility. The mean age for this sample (n ¼ 170) was 17 years old (SD ¼ 1.9). In this paper, ethnicity is defined by the perceptions that an individual holds regarding oneselfthat give the individual the feeling that one belongs to a group of people who share a certain history, region oforigin, or culture (Richters, 2000). See Table 1 for ethnicity breakdown. Eighty percent ofthe adolescents indicated English as their primary language and 16.3% spoke Spanish. For one set ofanalyses, alcohol and marijuana use were recorded on an 8-point Likert scale: Do not use (1), Use less than monthly (2), Use monthly (3), Use 2 3 times a month (4), Use 1 2 times a week (5), Use 3 6 times a week (6), Use daily (7), and Use greater than 1 time
4 828 Lebeau-Craven et al. Table 1. Ethnic breakdown (N ¼ 186). Ethnicity Percent Hispanic 38.1 White 37.6 Black 19.3 Asian 2.2 Native American 1.1 Biracial 1.7 per day (8). Illicit drug use was coded according to whether or not the teen had used any illicit drugs (yes/no), and frequency of illicit drug use: Tried once (1), Used a few times (2), Used monthly (3), Used weekly (4), and Used daily (5). Next, the response options were collapsed. Alcohol and marijuana were coded as: Less than once a month (1), Once per month to 1 2 times a week (2), and 3 or more times per week (3). Age ofonset for alcohol use was collapsed into two groups: those who began drinking at age 12 or younger (early onset) and those who began drinking at age 13 or older (later onset). Age ofonset for marijuana was also collapsed into: those who began using at age 13 or younger (early onset) and those who began using at age 14 or older (later onset). The age cutoffs were chosen based on the mean age of onset for both alcohol and marijuana use independently. Finally, as is consistent with the literature (Dembo et al., 1997), crimes were recoded into one offive categories: drug-related crimes (1), theft (2), crimes against persons (3), property crimes (4), and general delinquency (i.e., missed curfew, missed violation of parole (VOP) hearing, and violation of home confinement) (5). Prior arrests were coded yes/no. RESULTS Among the 186 teens, there were nine that did not have their current reason for arrest on record. Of the remaining 177, the most widely committed crimes were drug-related (see Table 2). Twenty percent ofthe adolescents had been arrested previously and 50% ofthose previously arrested were rearrested for committing the same crime. For descriptives regarding alcohol use, drug use, and prior treatment, see Tables 3, 4, and 5. The were no significant associations between the frequency ofalcohol use nor age ofonset ofalcohol use and
5 Substance Use in Adolescent Training Facility 829 Table 2. Reason for most recent incarceration. Crime committed Percent Possession/delivery ofa controlled substance 34.4 General delinquency 25.8 Theft 16.7 Crimes against persons 11.8 Property crimes 6.5 Table 3. Alcohol and marijuana use frequencies and age of onset by drug type. Mean age ofonset Daily use Monthly weekly use Current use Alcohol Marijuana Table 4. Illicit drug use frequencies by age of onset. Drug use and frequencies Mean age of onset Percent who use Crack Cocaine Opiates Stimulants Ecstacy Benzodiazapines Hallucinogens Over-the-counter drugs Prescription drugs Inhalants Table 5. Treatment Treatment attendance prior to current incarceration. Percent who attended Alcoholics Anonymous 42.4 Narcotics Anonymous 51.6 N ¼ 45.
6 830 Lebeau-Craven et al. Table 6. Relationship between alcohol use and prior arrests. Alcohol use No previous arrest Previous arrest Less than monthly 29 (48.3%) 9 (25.7%) Once per month to 1 2 times per week 19 (31.7%) 8 (22.9%) 3 þ times per week 12 (20.0%) 18 (51.4%) a a ( 2 ¼ 5.9 (2), p<0.05). Table 7. Marijuana use by age ofonset. 13 years > 13 years Occasional use 15 (12.3%) 19 (27.5%) Monthly weekly use 10 (8.2%) 11 (15.9%) Daily use 97 (79.5%) a 39 (56.5%) a ( 2 ¼ 11.7 (2), p<0.01). reason for incarceration. Prior treatment experience and recidivism were not significantly related to age ofonset ofalcohol use. A significant relationship was found between alcohol use and prior arrest (see Table 6). Reason for incarceration was significantly associated with age of onset ofmarijuana use ( 2 ¼ 40.5, 26, p<0.05). Adolescents who started using marijuana on or before age 13 were significantly more likely to be arrested for crimes involving theft or delinquency, while those who started after age 13 were more likely to be arrested for committing a crime against another person ( 2 ¼ 9.05 (1), p<0.01). Table 7 shows a significant relationship between frequency of marijuana use and age ofonset. Frequency ofmarijuana use was not significantly related to reason for incarceration, prior treatment, or history of prior arrest. Also, adolescents with early onset ofmarijuana use were more likely to have had prior drug and/or alcohol treatment ( 2 ¼ (1), p<0.001). Ethnic Differences: Significant differences were observed across ethnic groups, in that White nonhispanic adolescents were more likely to use cocaine ( 2 (24) ¼ 37.1, p<0.05), hallucinogens ( 2 (18) ¼ 30.9, p<0.01), and heroin ( 2 (10) ¼ 20.4, p<0.005) than adolescents ofother ethnicities. However, Hispanic adolescents as well as White nonhispanic adolescents were significantly more likely to be arrested on a drug-related
7 Substance Use in Adolescent Training Facility 831 charge than were adolescents ofother ethnicities ( 2 (1) ¼ 12.77, p<0.001, 2 (1) ¼ 6.97, p<0.01). White adolescents were also significantly more likely to be arrested for a delinquency charge than adolescents of other ethnicities ( 2 (1) ¼ 8.05, p<0.01). DISCUSSION Through comprehensive record review, we determined that over halfofthe incarcerated adolescents in our sample reported regular use ofalcohol, marijuana, and/or other illegal drugs. Those who started using marijuana at or before the age of 13 used marijuana more often and were more likely to have had treatment than those who began using after age 13. Additionally, early onset of marijuana use was related to reason for incarceration (theft/deliquency). Similar to research by Dembo et al. (1997), 20% ofthis sample had been arrested previously and had comparable rates ofdelinquency. Drugrelated arrests accounted for 30% of arrests in this sample, which is higher than noted in other studies (Hollin, 1983). This difference is likely due to sampling differences in that the current study sample was comprised ofincarcerated juveniles in substance-abuse treatment. Consistent with the findings ofhollin (1983), we found no relationship between alcohol use and reason for incarceration but did find that heavy alcohol users had more previous convictions. This strongly suggests the need for early and more intensive screening and intervention with at-risk adolescents, which might serve to reduce crime and avoid incarceration. A limitation ofthis study is that it examined a small number of incarcerated adolescents and did not include female adolescents. Second, the study relied on the adolescents reports oftheir own substance use. This is subject to the biases normally associated with selfreport ofpotentially sensitive information. Finally, due to the measures used by the substance-abuse department at the training school, some variables needed to be recoded or dichotomized, which reduced the power to detect significant differences. Future research may study longitudinally the relationship between substance use and criminal activity among juveniles. Such a study would be useful in identifying the multidimensional relationships between drug use and crimes committed. Replication ofethnic differences found here could also pave the way for advances in intervention with this diverse population. Issues ofacculturation may also be a factor and should be explored in future studies. We
8 832 Lebeau-Craven et al. were unable to explore acculturation in this study since the study was archival and data pertaining to acculturation were not collected. Finally, future studies may collect larger samples of adolescent drug users who are using harder drugs such as heroin or cocaine. Such samples will allow more detailed analysis ofthe impact ofthese substances. REFERENCES Wish, E. D., Johnson, B. D. (1986). The impact on substance abuse on criminal careers. In: Blumstein, A., Choen, J., Roth, J.A., Visher, C.A., eds. Criminal Careers and Career Criminals, Vol. II. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp Wish, E. D. (1987). Drug use Forecasting: New York U.S. Department ofjustice. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. Hingson, R. W., Heeren, T., Jamanka, A., Howland, J. (2000). Age of Drinking onset and unintentional injury after drinking. JAMA 284: Grant, B. F., Dawson, D. A. (1997). Age ofonset ofalcohol use and its association with DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: results from the national longitudinal alcohol epidemiologic survey. Journal of Substance Abuse 9: Patterson, G. R., DeBaryske B. D., Ramsey E (1989). A developmental perspective on antisocial behavior. American Psychologist 44(2): Farrow, J. A., French J. (1986). The drug abuse-delinquency connection revisited. Adolescence 21: Neighbors, B., Kempton, T., Forehand, R. (1992) Co-occurrence of substance abuse with conduct, anxiety, and depression disorders in juvenile delinquents. Addictive Behaviors 17: McManus, M., Alessi, N. E., Grapentine, W. L., Brickman, A. (1984). Psychiatric disturbance in serious delinquents. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 23: National Institute ofjustice. (1997) Annual Report on Adult and Juvenile Arrestees. (U.S. Department ofjustice, Office ofjustice Programs.) Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program, Washington, DC. Morse, W. C. (1993). Ecological approaches. In: Kratochwill, T. R., Morris, R. J., eds., Handbook of Psychotherapy with Children and Adolescents. Boston, Allyn & Bacon, pp
9 Substance Use in Adolescent Training Facility 833 Dembo, R., Schmeidler, J., Chin Sue, C., Borden, P., Manning, D., Rollie, M. (1998). Psychosocial, substance use, and delinquency differences among anglo, Hispanic white, and African-American youths entering a juvenile assessment center. Substance Use & Misuse 33(7): Richters, A. (2000). Social & cultural plurity in obstetrics and gynecology in the Netherlands: research note. Ethnicity and Health 5(2): Dembo, R., Pacheco, K., Schmeidler, J., Fisher, L., Cooper, S. (1997). Drug use and delinquent behavior among high risk youth. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 6(2):1 23. Hollin, C. R. (1983). Young offenders and alcohol: a survey ofthe drinking behavior ofa Borstal population. Journal of Adolescence 6(2): RESUMEN Este estudio investiga el uso de substancia y crı menes entre adolescentes encarcelados. Las revisiones del mapa se condujeron con 186 adolescente, masculino, ofensores inclusive informacio n en demogra fico, el uso de substancia, y los crı menes. Los resultados indican ese uso de alcohol (88.7%) y la marijuana (95.7%) era sumamente predominante. La mayorı a crı menes extensamente cometidos incluyeron la posesio n de una substancia (31.8% controlada), los bienes (17.8% hurtados recipientes), y la infraccio n de la libertad condicional (17.2%). Las diferencias significativas se observaron a trave s de racial/los grupos e tnicos; adolescentes no Hispanos Blancos eran ma s probable de usar cocaı na, los alucino genos, y la heroı na que adolescentes de otras carreras. Investigacio n futura examinando las relaciones entre la conducta criminal, el uso de substancia y variaciones culturales en modelos de uso y delincuencia permitira n las estrategias ma s pertinentes de la intervencio n y la prevencio n en esta poblacio n. RE SUME Ce examine substance et crimes entre incarcéré. Ont e te dirige avec 186 adolescent, maˆ le, offenseurs y compris information sur démographique, substance, et crimes. Les re sultats indiquent cet usage d alcool (88.7%) et la marijuana (95.7%) était extreˆ mement courant. Les crimes
10 834 Lebeau-Craven et al. le plus largement commis ont inclus la possession d une substance re gle (31.8%), la réception articles vole (17.8%), et la violation de probation (17.2%). Significatifdiffe rences ont e te observe a` travers racial/ethnique groupes; Blanc non-hispanique adolescents e taient utiliser cocaı ne, hallucinogens, et he roïne qu adolescents d autre races. Avenir recherche examiner entre, substance et dans usage et permettra plus intervention et dans cette population. THE AUTHORS Rebecca Lebeau-Craven received her M.P.H. at Boston University in 2000 and is currently a Project Coordinator at the Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies at Brown University coordinating two projects that investigate the use ofbriefintervention ofalcohol use with young adults. She has been at the Center since Linda A. R. Stein, Ph.D., is at the Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies at Brown University. She is Assistant Professor (research) of Psychiatry and Human Behavior. She has been at the Center since Dr. Nancy Barnett received her doctorate in 1997 from the University of Washington and is currently Assistant Professor (Research) at the Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies at Brown University. She conducts research on briefinterventions for substance use among adolescents and young adults, including college students. Dr. Suzanne Colby received her doctorate in 1996 from the University of Rhode Island. Currently she is an Assistant Professor at the Center for Alcohol & Addiction Studies at Brown University. She conducts research on the affects ofnicotine withdrawal in adolescents as well as briefinterventions for adolescent smokers. Joe Smith, L.C.D.P., C.A.S., P.C.S., is a Program Director for Phoenix House, a program located at the RI Training School since October He has been in the human service field for 19 years and in the substance abuse field for 15 years. Anna L. Canto, C.D.P., received her Associates in Fine Arts in Mental Health. She is currently senior substance abuse counselor at the RI Training School. She has been in substance abuse for seven years, including substance abuse education, prevention, intervention, and therapeutic counseling.
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report Substance Abuse and Treatment, and Prisoners, 1997 January 1999, NCJ 172871 By Christopher J. Mumola BJS
YOUNG ADULTS IN DUAL DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT: COMPARISON TO OLDER ADULTS AT INTAKE AND POST-TREATMENT Siobhan A. Morse, MHSA, CRC, CAI, MAC Director of Fidelity and Research Foundations Recovery Network YOUNG
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Revised 9/29/00 Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report May 2000, NCJ 179999 Drug Use, Testing, and Treatment in Jails By Doris James Wilson BJS
Indicators of Alcohol and Other Drug Risk and Consequences for California Counties County 21 Indicators of Alcohol and Other Drug Risk and Consequences for California Counties County 21 TABLE OF CONTENTS
Indicators of Alcohol and Other Drug Risk and Consequences for California Counties County 2010 Indicators of Alcohol and Other Drug Risk and Consequences for California Counties County 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS
Indicators of Alcohol and Other Drug Risk and Consequences for California Counties San Diego County 21 Indicators of Alcohol and Other Drug Risk and Consequences for California Counties San Diego County
UTAH Adolescent Behavioral Health In Brief A Short Report from the Office of Applied Studies Adolescence (12 to 17 years) is a critical and vulnerable stage of human development, during which males and
Behavioral Health Barometer United States, 2013 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No.
MICHIGAN Adolescent Behavioral Health In Brief A Short Report from the Office of Applied Studies Adolescence (12 to 17 years) is a critical and vulnerable stage of human development, during which males
1 Thirty-First Judicial District DUI / Drug Court EVALUATION Deliverable Three: Second Phase of Process Evaluation Summary on Participant Characteristics at Entry into Warren County Drug Court This report
Summary Report On Participant Characteristics at Entry Into the Missouri Drug Court Programs Included in the Multi-jurisdictional Enhancement for Evaluation of Drug Courts School of Social Work University
Maternal and Child Health Issue Brief Why is substance abuse an issue among youth? December 14 8 Substance Abuse among Youth in Colorado Substance abuse among youth is defined as using alcohol, tobacco,
National Adolescent Health Information Center N 2007 Fact A H I C Sheet on Substance : Adolescents & Young Adults Highlights: 4 After an increase in the early 1990s, adolescent substance use has decreased
Executive Office of the President Office of National Drug Control Policy ONDCP March 2000 Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse FACT SHEET John P. Walters, Director www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov 1-800-666-3332
Behavioral Health Barometer United States, 2014 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No.
Criminal Arrest Patterns of Clients Entering and Exiting Community Substance Abuse Treatment in Lucas County Ohio, USA LOIS A. VENTURA AND ERIC G. LAMBERT 1 ABSTRACT Research on drugs and crime typically
A Study of Self- Reported March, 2013 Criminal Behaviors among Drug Abusers Riffat Sadiq Safia Umer Haider Ali A Publication Of Drug Free Nation www.drugfreenation.org Acknowledgment First of all, we are
Statistics on Women in the Justice System January, 2014 All material is available though the web site of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS): http://www.bjs.gov/ unless otherwise cited. Note that correctional
Treatment Abuse Substance from Discharges Adolescent of Profile Treatment Episode Data Set Short Report April 01, 2015 PROFILE OF ADOLESCENT DISCHARGES FROM SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT AUTHORS Ryan Mutter,
National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice NCMHJJ June 2006 Research and Program Brief Research and Program Briefs are periodic publications aimed at improving policy and practice for youth
The Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Program: Evaluation and Recommendations Criminal Justice Policy Council Prepared for the 77 th Texas Legislature, 2001 Tony Fabelo, Ph.D. Executive Director The Substance
Colorado Substance Abuse Treatment Clients with Co-Occurring Disorders, FY05 Introduction Many clients who have chronic substance use disorders often simultaneously suffer from a serious mental disorder.
Background An Overview of San Diego s Substance Abuse Monitoring Program and Law Enforcement s Need and Use of Local Information Prepared by: Cynthia Burke, Ph.D., SANDAG and Sergeant Darrell Williams,
Substance Use, Treatment Need and Receipt of Treatment in Minnesota: Results from Minnesota Student Survey, Minnesota Survey on Adult Substance Use, and Drug and Alcohol Abuse Normative Evaluation System
Treatment Episode Data Set The TEDS Report June 2, 2011 Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions for Abuse of Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines are a class of central nervous system depressant drugs that are
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics DEPARTMENT OFJUSTICE OFFICEOF JUSTICE PROGRAMS BJA NIJ OJJDP OVC BJS Drugs & Crime Data Fact Sheet: Drug-Related Crime
RESULTS FROM MENTORING EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH Publication No. (ADP) 99-1563 For mentoring information, please call (800) 444-3066 (California Only) For additional copies of this publication, please call
CHAPTER 2: Substance Use, Mental Disorders, and Access to Treatment Services in Household Surveys, 2002 2005 2.1 Introduction Drug misuse and abuse, and mental health disorders are major health and social
1. Youth Drug Use More than 4% of Maryland high school seniors used an illicit drug in the past year. Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Marijuana Ecstasy Cocaine Percentage of Maryland and U.S. high school seniors
If you have issues viewing or accessing this file, please contact us at NCJRS.gov. il i Arrested Development Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Among Juveniles Detained in New York City Jean Callahan and
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use Among Youth Entering Juvenile Correctional Facilities in Illinois: Prevalence and Treatment Need, 2000 George H. Ryan, Governor Linda Reneé Baker, Secretary U.S. Center
Treatment Episode Data Set The TEDS Report July 15, 010 Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Involving Abuse of Pain Relievers: 1998 and 008 In Brief The proportion of all substance abuse treatment admissions
ESTIMATING SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT NEED FROM THE NHSDA Joan F. Epstein, and Joseph C. Gfroerer, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Joan F. Epstein, 5600 Fishers Lane, Room 16C-06,
Minnesota Adults with Co-Occurring Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders By Eunkyung Park, Ph.D. Performance Measurement and Quality Improvement May 2006 In Brief Approximately 16% of Minnesota adults
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND CRIME IN IDAHO Idaho State Police Statistical Analysis Center The Relationship Between Substance Abuse and Crime in Idaho: Estimating the Need for Treatment
Drug Policies in the State of Michigan Economic Effects Executive Summary News Walker: Keep reforming drug laws Home» Publications» Drug Policies in the State of Michigan Economic Effects» Drug Policies
An Outcome Analysis of Connecticut s Halfway House Programs Stephen M. Cox, Ph.D. Professor Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice Central Connecticut State University Study Impetus and Purpose
1999 CRIME IN TEXAS DU I ARRESTS For UCR purposes, Driving Under the Influence (DUI) is the driving or operating any motor vehicle or common carrier while under the influence of liquor or narcotics. ANALYSIS
2013 to 2002 States: United the in Use Heroin in Trends National Survey on Drug Use and Health Short Report April 23, 2015 TRENDS IN HEROIN USE IN THE UNITED STATES: 2002 TO 2013 AUTHORS Rachel N. Lipari,
Behavioral Health Barometer United States, 2014 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No.
ANOTHER LOOK AT MENTAL ILLNESS AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE INVOLVEMENT IN TEXAS: CORRELATES AND COSTS Decision Support Unit Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Another Look at Mental Illness and Criminal
Journal of Rural Community Psychology Vol E12 No 2 Assessing the Perceptions and Usage of Substance Abuse among Teenagers in a Rural Setting Regina Fults McMurtery Jackson State University Department of
RACE, CLASS AND THE WAR ON DRUGS A community forum examining the disproportionately adverse effects of current drug law enforcement on racial minorities and the poor sponsored by King County Bar Association
SUBSTANCE ABUSE Substance abuse is a severe issue challenging our county residents' current and future health and well being. In 2010, Washtenaw County Public Health and Washtenaw Community Health Organization
Knowledge Brief Are Minority Youths Treated Differently in Juvenile Probation? While many studies have examined disproportionate minority contact at the front end of the juvenile justice system, few have
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION TO THE CRC Must be admitted to The Ohio State University Must follow OSU Code of Student Conduct Preferred minimum of 6 months complete abstinence from all drugs and alcohol,
Santa Fe Recovery Center Follow Up Survey Form Clients Name Participant ID / Chart Number Discharge Date / / Date Telephone Survey was Completed / / Month Day Year Survey Type (Check one) 3 month follow
Treatment Episode Data Set The TEDS Report Treatment Outcomes among Clients Discharged from Residential Substance Abuse Treatment: 2005 In Brief In 2005, clients discharged from shortterm were more likely
Fighting the Addiction: The Effectiveness of the La Crosse County Drug Court Program Erin R. Petrus Faculty Sponsor: William G. Zollweg, Department of Sociology/Archeology ABSTRACT The purpose of the research
ADDICTION SEVERITY INDEX NARRATIVE REPORT JOHN B. SMITH 444 MAIN STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. 19444 Date of Birth: 07/30/1959 ID# 101 Social Security Number: 444 33 2211 Site ID#: 101001 Date of Interview:
Georgia Journal of Public Policy Volume 1 Issue 1 Article 5 3-1-2011 The Burruss Institute of Public Service and Research Kennesaw State University, email@example.com Follow this and additional works
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report April 2014 ncj 244205 Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010
UNLV Center for Democratic Culture Edited by Dmitri N. Shalin The Social Health of Leading Indicators and Quality of Life in the Silver State Addiction and Substance Abuse among Youths An-Pyng Sun, School
Treatment Episode Data Set The TEDS Report May 5, 1 Differences in Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions between Mexican-American s and s As the proportion of racial/ ethnic minority groups within the United
Policy Statement on Drugs and Alcohol The Drug and Alcohol Policies established at MWCC are intended to address student or employee misuse of alcohol and other drugs on campus, thereby creating a safer
BRIEF I Setting the Stage: Juvenile Justice History, Statistics, and Practices in the United States and North Carolina Ann Brewster Most states juvenile justice systems have two main goals: increased public
Findings from the Recovery Center Outcome Study 2013 Report Page 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...3 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW... 6 SECTION 1: CLIENT SATISFACTION WITH RECOVERY CENTER PROGRAMS...
Reentry & Aftercare Reentry & Aftercare Juvenile Justice Guide Book for Legislators Reentry & Aftercare Introduction Every year, approximately 100,000 juveniles are released from juvenile detention facilities
Behavioral Health Barometer Oklahoma, 2014 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No. 283
Behavioral Health Barometer Mississippi, 2014 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No.
Colorado Substance Use and Recommendations Regarding Marijuana Tax Revenue Substance addiction and abuse is Colorado s most prevalent, complex, costly and untreated public health challenge. It is an issue
Recovery Services of rthwest Ohio, Inc. 200 Van Gundy Drive Phone: 419-636-0410 Bryan Ohio 43506 Fax: 419-636-6510 Driver Intervention Program Intake/Screening Interview Name Address Street Social Security.
. City.Country. Official responsible for providing this information (mandatory) a. Name b. Position Official title c. Institution Name of the institution where you work d. Address Complete postal address
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report March 1998, NCJ 166611 Substance Abuse and Treatment of Adults on Probation, 1995 By Christopher J. Mumola
SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH ON INTERVENTIONS FOR ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE MISUSE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE By: Christine Kim Cal State University, Long Beach May 2014 INTRODUCTION Substance use among
AN ASSESSMENT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG PROGRAMS IN CALIFORNIA 1992-1998 by Melinda M. Hohman John D. Clapp Center on Substance Abuse School of Social Work San Diego State University 5500
The Erie County Drug Court: Outcome Evaluation Findings February 2001 By: Shelley Johnson Listwan, M.S. Co-Project Director Deborah Koetzle Shaffer, M.A. Co-Project Director and Edward J. Latessa, Ph.D.
Maternal and Child Health Issue Brief Substance Abuse among Women of Reproductive Age in Colorado September 14 9 Why is substance abuse an issue among women of reproductive age? Substance abuse poses significant
Rural Substance Abuse Partnership (RSAP) State Profile: OKLAHOMA Overview: The Rural Substance Abuse Partnership (RSAP), organized with the help of a U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Juvenile Detention Updated: Nearly 55,000 young persons were detained in residential placements in 2013; however, the rate of juvenile detention has been declining since 1999. Still, males and racial/ethnic
Louisiana Caring Communities Youth Survey Results for 8 Results for Black or African American The Louisiana Caring Communities Youth Survey and this report are sponsored by: Louisiana Department of Health
Substance Abuse 214-215 Chapter 1: Substance Abuse 265 214-215 Health of Boston Substance Abuse Substance abuse involves the excessive use of alcohol or illicit substances (e.g., marijuana, cocaine, heroin,
APPLICATION FOR Page 1/7 Instructions: The following form is required to begin the application process to Stonehenge. The form should be printed and completed by hand, then faxed or mailed to Stonehenge
NATURE AND EXTENT OF THE ILLICIT DRUG PROBLEM IN MISSOURI Department of Public Safety and Statistical Analysis Center Funding for this report was provided by the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance
2016 SUMMER SCHOOL COURSES June 6-9, 2016, Worcester State University, Worcester, MA This document contains a list of the courses offered at our 2016 Summer School in Addiction and Studies. For the remainder
An integrated approach to addressing opiate abuse in Maine Debra L. Brucker, MPA, PhD State of Maine Office of Substance Abuse October 2009 Background Defining the problem: Opiates pain relievers (OxyContin,
1 About drugs Drugs are substances that change a person s physical or mental state. The vast majority of drugs are used to treat medical conditions, both physical and mental. Some, however, are used outside
LICENSED SOCIAL WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES, 2004 SUPPLEMENT Chapter 2 of 5 Who Are Licensed Social Workers? Prepared by Center for Health Workforce Studies School of Public Health, University at Albany
Behavioral Health Barometer Virginia, 2014 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No. 283
Adolescent Substance Use: America s #1 Public Health Problem June 29, 2011 A Report by The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University 9 in 10 People Who Are Addicted* Begin
Queensland Corrective Services Drug and Alcohol Policy 2727QCS Commissioner s Foreword Drug and alcohol abuse is a significant issue confronting not only Queensland Corrective Services (QCS), but the entire
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.