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1 European Forest Data Centre Biosoil/Biodiversity Forest Type Map 2006 P. Kempeneers, JRC T. Durant F. Sedano, JRC L. Seebach, JRC J. San-Miguel-Ayanz, JRC EC -, IES Land Management and Natural Hazard Unit FOREST Action 1

2 European Forest Data Centre (EFDAC) Forest Focus database + BIOSOIL datasets (forest condition, forest fragmentation) Metadata Catalogue European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) European Forest Resources Information System (NFI data platform) Forest and forest type maps Data Sets at JRC Applications at JRC Services at JRC Related: Documents Projects Links

3 Objectives BIOSOIL Biodiversity Collect harmonised information relevant to forest biodiversity at European level Present European forest type (habitat) classification Test indicators of forest biodiversity Integrate information and ongoing projects (e.g., BioSoil) on forest biodiversity Quantify European forest biodiversity and monitor changes 3

4 Collected data General plot characteristics location, altitude, management, forest type Stand structure and composition Tree species, DBH, height, density Deadwood Type, dimensions, state of decay Ground vegetation species, cover

5 Forest types (14 classes) EFTC Null Boreal forest Hemiboreal & nemoral Scots pine forest Alpine coniferous forest Atlantic/nemoral oak/ashwoods, dune forest Oak-hornbeam forest Beech forest Montaneous beech forest Thermophilous deciduous forest Broadleaved evergreen forest Conif. forests of Med, Anatolian & Macronesia Swamp forest Floodplain forest Native plantations Exotic plantations and woodlands Distribution of scores Null

6 Age Age Class No information/unknown 1: 0-20 years 2: years 2: years 3: years 4: years 5: years 6: >120 years 7: Irregular stands Distribution of scores Irregular Unknown

7 Stand structure and composition Species richness 1-2 species 3-4 species 5-6 species 7-9 species species Distribution of scores

8 Ground vegetation Species richness 1-20 species species species species species Distribution of scores

9 European Forest Data Centre (EFDAC) Forest Focus database + BIOSOIL datasets (forest condition, forest fragmentation) Metadata Catalogue European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) European Forest Resources Information System (NFI data platform) Forest and forest type maps Data Sets at JRC Applications at JRC Services at JRC Related: Documents Projects Links

10 Input data Satellite Data 2006 Corine Land Cover MODIS Bossard et al CORINE land cover technical guide Addendum. EEA Technical Report No

11 Output data: forest type map Pan-European Forest type map: 3533 scenes processed

12 Forest map method High Resolution (HR) spectral information HR training data (non forested land, forest, water) CLC classify (ANN) Forest mask 12

13 Forest type map method High Resolution (HR) spectral information Medium Resolution (MR) temporal information MR HR High+Medium Resolution (H+MR) spectral + temporal information training data (non forested land, forest, water) CLC upsample to HR grid H+MR classify (ANN) training data (forest types) classify (ANN) Forest mask CLC Forest Type map 13

14 Effect of Medium Res information High Res image (band 1) 0 Forest map using HR 1 Forest map using HR + MR 2 Kilometers Kilometers

15 Validation Visual interpretation of Google earth image data National Forest Inventory of Spain 15

16 Visual interpretation Point id : Land cover: Broadleaf Crown cover: % Open/dense forest Scene Non Forested land Broadleaved Forest Coniferous Forest Water Total Mediterranean (humid) Mediterranean (dry) Fragmented landscape Mountaneous (Alps) Boreal region Total

17 Results All scenes Visual interpretation Non-Forest (NF) Broadleaved Forest (BF) Coniferous Forest (CF) Water (W) NF BF CF W Total NF BF CF W User Acc Prod. Acc Overall Accuracy Forest/Non-Forest: 88% Overall Accuracy Forest types: 86% Med Humid + Dry region NFI (Spain) Broadleaved Forest (BF) Coniferous Forest (CF) BF CF Total BF CF User Acc Prod. Acc Overall Accuracy: 88% 17

18 Forest Type 2006 and Biodiversity map 18

19 19

20 Conclusion Biosoil/Biodiversity data base ready Forest maps 1990, 2000, 2006 available Forest Type map 2006 available First validation results 2006 are promising: Forest Map 2006: 88% Forest Type Map 2006: 86% Forest types based on NFI: 88% (in Spain and within forest map only) Next: validation in Europe LUCAS, NFI (FMP), Bio-diversity points 20

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