Die Internationale Raumstation Europas Labor im All

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1 Die Internationale Raumstation Europas Labor im All Dr. Reinhold Ewald ESA Astronaut Leiter Columbus Kontrollzentrum Oberpfaffenhofen

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5 MIR Raumstation Mir Space Station

6 Europas Kooperationen im All Mission MIR Tage Mission Experimentpro- gramm Lebenswissen- schaften Materialforschung Technologie

7 Europas Kooperationen im All Space Lab Erste SpaceLab Mission 1983 mit ESA Astronaut Ulf Merbold Über 30% der STS Flüge mit SpaceLab Elementen Programme gestoppt Ende der 1990er

8 SpaceLab Space Lab D-2 Ca. 90 Experimente 2 Schichten 24h/7d 6 Jahre Vorbereitung 10 Tage Dauer ca. 400 Mill. Euro (equ.)

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15 Leben und Arbeiten im All

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17 ПОСАДКА

18 Automatisches Transfer Vehikel ATV

19 Automatisches Transfer Vehikel ATV ISS Service Pressurized Propulsion & Module Cargo Tanks Equipm. bay

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24 Columbus Wissenschaftliche Ausrüstung stung SOLAR + 3 Instrumente MSG Microgravity Science Glovebox EuTEF + 9 Experimente NASA Experimente European Drawer Rack PCDF Experimente European zur Kristallphysik Transport Fluidphysik Biologie Carrier Physiologie HRF Human Physiology Rack Facilities

25 Utilisation achievements: Biology (1/2) BIOLAB WAICO Run#1 EMCS / 30. April 2009 CWRW Universität Stuttgart Partially successful WAICO-1 in Incr.16. BIOLAB facility repairs and function re-verification in progress. H/W optimized for WAICO-2 experiment. Successful Experiment Sequence Test (EST) for WAICO-2 performed at MUSC. Flight experiment execution deferred to Incr.20 (launch on 2J/A). JAXA s CW/RW experiment completed via N-USOC ops and plants downloaded on 1J. EMCS hydration problem analysis concluded and spares upload + functional checkout for GENARA experiment planned for Incr. 20/21.

26 Utilisation achievements: Biology (2/2) 4 short duration experiments performed during visiting Soyuz flight in Russian Segment during 17S/16S joint mission. Very promising results for the XENOPUS and ROALD experiments. Growth anomaly for BASE-B/C experiment, not fully understood at this stage Smooth support from BIOTESC USOC, an asset when KUBIK will be relocated in EDR Facility. XENOPUS ROALD BASE-B / BASE-C KUBIK BIO#4

27 Utilisation achievements: Fluid Physics FSL - Geoflow Successful completion of FSL on-orbit repairs with substantial utilisation crew time. Performance of 2 optical checkout modes. Activation of GEOFLOW experiment (10 runs of 67 performed) with excellent interferometric image data. Recently, misfortunate failure of a thermal control loop pump in the Experiment Container. ESA will return the experiment on ground for troubleshooting. FSL / GEOFLOW

28 Utilisation achievements: Human physiology 3D-SPACE: SOLO: First test subject accomplished in Incr. 17/18. First neuroscience experiment in Columbus! Successful first test subject accomplished in Incr. 17/18. Complex experiment which requires use of HRF-1 / HRF-2 and EPM racks. On-going second and third test subject EPM: MEEMM check-out completed in order to support the implementation of NEUROSPAT experiment in Incr. 20. NOA-1/-2: Upload of new instrument in Incr. 16. Successful completion of all runs by Russian cosmonauts. Experiment series fully completed. NOA-1/- 2 3D-SPACE SOLO MEEMM Check-Out

29 Utilisation achievements: EuTEF platform EuTEF (9 experiments) Platform successfully checked-out 3 weeks after the 1E mission. Continuous science acquisition for 8 of the 9 instruments (nominal) for technology physical/debris/radiation/exobiology research. Safety issue for the Plasma Contactor instrument has limited the operational mode of the EuTEF platform for several weeks during Incr. 17. Large set of exobiology samples in the trays of the EXPOSE-E instrument. Return of the whole EuTEF platform is confirmed with Shuttle 17A mission (Aug 2009).

30 Utilisation achievements: SOLAR platform Platform successfully checked-out after the 1E mission. Initial glitches in the Sun tracking software, but solved. Continuous science acquisition with the 3 instruments, for periods of ~10days every month (depending on beta angle conditions). Outstanding results with SOLACES, under a cooperative effort with NASA measurements during sounding rocket campaigns. Recently failure on SOVIM instrument, which leads to operations termination. But also very good results reported by scientists. Return of the platform is planned with Shuttle 19A mission (Mar 2010). SOLAR (3 experiments) SOLACES SOLSPEC SOVIM

31 Utilisation achievements: Radiation research EXPOSE-R (IBMP) MATROSHKA- 2 Significant part of the ESA research portfolio on various platforms (ISS, Foton). Continuation from ESA-Russian science cooperation (ALTCRISS and MATROSHKA in ISS Russian Segment). Delayed deployment of EXPOSE-R due to communication problem during installation attempt in Dec 2008 Russian EVA. Deployment re-scheduled in near future. Activities soon complemented by radiation monitoring activities in Columbus Module starting in Incr. 19 and MATROSHKA in Kibo. ALTCRISS (IBMP)

32 Utilisation achievements: Education activities Video Lessons organized with astronauts in order to demonstrate or film the life support systems and other (health & nutritional) equipment on-board the ISS. The recorded footage is used to develop an ESA Video Lesson about life support systems and/ or Health & Nutrition. Target audience: 12 to 18-years old students. Various scripts: Food storage and retrieval before a celebration group meal, as well as a description of the food and the difference between the US and Russian food; An ordinary breakfast during a working day on the ISS, within the Service Module; Demonstrate how effective industrial design can help overcome the living/working problems on the ISS. VLE-1

33 Utilisation achievements: Pre-/Post /Post-flight activities SPIN EDOS CHROMOSOME- 2 NEOCYTOLYSIS OTOLITH ZAG MOP LOW BACK PAIN / MUSCLE

34 Future: Increments 19/20/21 Objectives (1/5) PCDF / PROTEIN BIOLAB WAICO#2 BIOLAB 30. April YING-B1/B Universität Stuttgart EMCS/ GENARA

35 Future: Increments 19/20/21 Objectives (2/5) PADIAC POLCA / GRAVIGEN KUBIK BIO#4 on 18S and 20S CFS-A (SURE AO)

36 Future: Increments 19/20/21 Objectives (3/5) 3D-SPACE IMMUNO EEG Recorder Strap Laptop/COGNI Mask EEG cap with cable lead MSG / SODI- IVIDIL MSG / SODI- DSC Optical filter Strap Barrel NEUROSPA T CARD SOLO THERMOLAB MSL / CETSOL MSL / MICAST

37 Future: Increments 19/20/21 Objectives (4/5) LES-II LES-III EuTEF (9 experiments) SOLAR (3 experiments) FOAM- STABILITY EXPOSE-R (IBMP) ALTCRISS (IBMP) EPM / DOSIS ERB-2

38 Future: Increments 19/20/21 Objectives (5/5) SPIN EDOS EKE ZAG OTOLITH LOW BACK PAIN / MUSCLE

39 Pre-COLUMBUS Timeframe COLUMBUS Timeframe Biology: KUBIK Programs [COL] [RS] Biology: KUBIK Programs #1, #2, #3 Start of EMCS experiments [US-LAB] Biology EMCS experiments [COL] Biology BIOLAB experiments [COL] [RS] Radiation: MATROSHKA, ALTCRISS & ALTEA-SHIELD [US-LAB] [RS] Human Physiology: Stand-alone expts & Ground-based expts Human Physiology: HRF/PFS expts [US-LAB] [COL] Radiation: MATROSHKA, ALTCRISS, [RS] ALTEA-SHIELD, EPM-DOSTEL [US-LAB] [COL] Human Physiology: Stand-alone expts & Ground-based expts Human Physiology: EPM / HRF expts[col] Neuroscience batch experiments[col] Countermeasures Investigations: [COL] FLYWHEEL, MARES, PEMS

40 Pre-COLUMBUS Timeframe [US-LAB] MSG experiments: Protein Crystallisation PROMISS-4 COLUMBUS Timeframe Protein Crystallisation EDR-PCDF [COL] MSG experiments [COL] EDR-FASTER experiment [COL] Plasma-Crystal experiments PK-3+ [RS] Plasma-Crystal experiments PK-3+, PK4 [RS] External Platforms experiments: EXPOSE-R [RS] [RS] External Platforms experiments: EXPOSE-R, EXPOSE-EUTEF, SOLAR & others [COL] FSL experiments MSL experiments [COL] [US-LAB] DECLIC experiments [US-LAB/COL] EML experiments [COL]

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42 Columbus Control Centre Columbus Control Centre

43 after Flight 1E... ISS integrated anomalies 17 CHITs generated 65 Columbus anomalies 60 FR CRs 7 ODF CRs 12

44 Today (Feb 09) by numbers commands to Columbus 2.2 million lines of code 213 CHITs 41 integrated anomalies 420 Columbus anomalies

45 Training by numbers Astronauts trained: COL Crew lessons: Control team trained: Col-CC CC Stand-alone alone Simulations: 25 European Simulations: 70 Simulations with NASA: (1950 hrs) 45 (75 hrs) 115 (3900 hrs)

46 Die Welt von oben Einsichten und Aussichten

47 Great Salt Lake, Utah

48 Hurrikan Charley Sommer 2004

49 Perito Moreno Glacier, Argentina

50 Marokko

51 The Congo River, Africa Kinshasa

52 ATHEN!

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54 Die Gletscher schwinden!

55 Aral Sea, Central Asia

56 Mt. Fuji, Japan

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