Transfers. Transfers. Transfers: the problem Handout MDS Summer CNS,. Torres Vedras Sept 2014

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1 MDS Allied Health Summer School 2014 Transfers European Physiotherapy Guidelines for Parkinson s Disease What is the problem? Assessment Interventions Transfers Dr. Samyra Keus ParkinsonNet Radboud University Medical Centre (NL) Bhanu Ramaswamy Independent physiotherapist Sheffield (UK) Opstaan van stoel of bank Omrollen in bed Automatic performance motor programs In of uit de auto stappen In bed gaan of uit bed komen Opstaan van de vloer Op of afstappen van de fiets Gaan zitten In of uit het bad komen Regulate simultanuous & consecutive movements Meaningful planning / organisation Andere activiteiten waarbij ik 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Nijkrake, Eur J Phys Rehabil Med, 2010 & Bhanu Ramaswamy

2 1. Energizing deficit: too late 2. Scaling deficit: to small 3. Relaxation problem Additional problems Muscle power (hip & knee) Joint mobility Altered postural responses Multi morbidity Non physical aspects Night: levodopa levels & visual guidance Video courtesy: Radboudumc Transfers: assessment Transfers: assessment Five Times Sit to Stand Sit back against chair & arms folded Stand up and sit down 5 times as quickly as possible Stand straight legs Not touch back of chair Timed Up and Go practice at end Modified Parkinson Activity Scale Chair Bed & Bhanu Ramaswamy

3 5 times sit to stand Modified PAS: chair transfers 1.a. Rise without using hands Please rise without using your arms on the knees or chair [4] normal, without apparent difficulties [3] mild difficulties: toes dorsiflex to maintain balance, arms swing forward to keep balance or use of consciously performed rocks (compensations) with the trunk [2] difficult, several attempts needed or hesitations, very slow and almost no flexion of the trunk [0] impossible, dependent on physical assistance (perform I B) 1.b. Rise with using hands (only scored if rising without using hands is impossible) Please try to rise again. When standing, you have to wait a second again. You may use your hands now [2] normal, without apparent difficulties [1] difficult, several attempts needed or hesitations, very slow and almost no flexion of the trunk [0] impossible, dependent on physical assistance Modified PAS: chair transfers Modified PAS: chair transfers 2.b. Sit down without using hands Please, sit down again without using your arms [4] normal, without apparent difficulties [3] mild difficulties (uncontrolled landing) [2] clear abrupt landing or ending in an uncomfortable position [0] impossible, dependent on physical assistance (perform I B) 2.b. Sit down with using hands (only scored if rising without using hands impossible) Please, sit down again. You may use your hands. [2] normal, without apparent difficulties [1] abrupt landing or ending up in an uncomfortable position [0] dependent on physical assistance Condition: without using hands Condition: with using hands Courtesy Dr. Maarten Nijkrake & Prof. Alice Nieuwboer & Bhanu Ramaswamy

4 Balance: M PAS Bed Conditions: 1. without blanket; 2. with blanket INTO BED Kangas J et al (2011). New approach to the diagnosis and classification of chronic foot and ankle disorders: Identifying motor control and movement impairments. Manual Therapy; 16: Courtesy Dr. Maarten Nijkrake & Prof. Alice Nieuwboer Transfers Based upon your findings Which interventions? Pwp tips & tricks Successful bed turners: 1.Used support 2.Hip hitched 3.Sat up and moved Not all could turn successfully both ways Stack E, Ashburn A (2006). Impaired Bed Mobility and Disordered Sleep in Parkinson s Disease. Movement Disorders; 21 (9): & Bhanu Ramaswamy

5 Transfers: interventions Exercise: physical capacity & functional mobility Progressive & vigorous exertion: Borg Scale 6 20 from 13 to 17 heart rate: MHR from 40 60% to 60 80% load, speed and number of repetitions ii 1 to 3 sets 8 to 15 at 60% to 80% of 1 repetition maximum Practice of skills Transfers: interventions Petzinger, Lancet Neurol 2013 H&Y2 3: Delay through motor learning Goal based : repetition, specificity and complexity Cognitive engagement: motivation, attention, cues, dual task From on to off state practice Tai Chi (Li, NEJM 2012): dynamic balance, challenging movements Dance (Duncan, NNR 2012): coordination, cueing, complexity Dual task training (Strouwen, BMC Neurol 2012): task automaticity vs efficiency neural resources Treadmill (Mirelman, BMC Neurol 2013: gait & virtual reality (V TIME) Compensation BG dysfunction Automatic performance motor programs conscious movement execution external cues Regulate simultanuous & consecutive movements Divide into single components to carry out consecutively Meaningful planning / organisation Divide into single components/activities, external planning = Cueing & Self instruction strategies Transfers: interventions Compensatory strategies Strategies for complex motor sequences GDG advice: Steps to consider when applying strategies for complex motor sequences 1. Observe pwp: analyse limited components 2. Agree with pwp about most optimal [4 6 ]components 3. Summarise: support with visuals 4. Physically guide pwp 5. Ask pwp to rehearse aloud 6. Ask pwp to use a motor imagery 7. Ask the pwp to perform: consciously controlled & Bhanu Ramaswamy

6 Strategy complex motor sequences Reminders Cards Video Written Skype. Courtesy Prof. Meg Morris Acknowledgements and questions What about Getting up from the floor? Thank you to the members of the Sheffield Branch of Parkinson s UK who gave their permission to be photographed & Bhanu Ramaswamy

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