# II Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 1

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4 1. Hemisphere: Half of the earth, either vertically or horizontally. If sectioned vertically, they are western and eastern hemispheres. If sectioned horizontally, they are northern and southern hemispheres. 2. Equator: An imaginary circle around the Earth halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole: the largest circumference of the Earth. 3. Prime Meridian: Zero degrees longitude; passes through Greenwich, a suburb of London. 4. Latitude: Distance measured on the earth s surface north and south of the equator. On a globe or map, lines of latitude are drawn running east and west. Latitude is expressed in degrees. Each degree is equal to approximately sixty miles. 5. Longitude: Distance measured on the earth s surface east and west of an imaginary line. On a globe or map, lines of longitude are drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole. Longitude is expressed in degrees. 6. Isthmus: a narrow strip of land between two bodies of water. 7. Gulf: an extension of our ocean or sea into the land. 8. Peninsula: a long narrow portion of land extending out into the water. 9. Circumnavigate: to go completely around the world by water. D. Procedures/Activities 1. Write the key vocabulary words on the overhead and have the students list the definitions on a piece of paper. 2. The teacher will show a map and a globe and ask the students which one is the most accurate representation of the earth and discuss why. 3. Use an apple to represent the earth. Discuss shapes such as: round, circle, half-circle, sphere, hemisphere. Cut the first apple in half crosswise and show children the northern and southern hemispheres of the apple. Then cut the second apple in half lengthwise to demonstrate the western and eastern hemispheres. Tell the children that the earth can be divided in half horizontally and vertically like the apple and there are guides that show us where. Ask students to project what those lines are called. Teacher should guide student to identify the Prime Meridian and the Equator. Have student practice identifying the hemispheres. E. Assessment/Evaluation 1. Pass out a world map Appendix B: Student Map and have the student fill in as many continents and oceans that they can recall. Then class will review continents and oceans and fill in any missing information. Students will add the terms Prime Meridian and Equator to their map. Lesson Two: Leif Ericson (Third Grade) A. Daily Objectives 1. Concept Objective(s) a. Students will understand the reasons behind Leif Ericson s explorations. 2. Lesson Content a. Identify Leif Ericson (Leif the Lucky ) as Eric the Red s oldest son. 3. Skill Objective(s) a. Student will identify the contributions made by Leif Ericson Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 4

8 3. Skill Objective(s) a. Students will identify Dias, da Gama and Cabral s routes b. Students will be able to compare and contrast the contribution that Dias, da Gama and Cabral made. c. Students will identify the contributions made by Dias, da Gama, and Cabral. G. Materials 1. Pearson (5 th ) History and Geography pp overhead 3. Appendix B: Student Map (handed out previously) 4. Appendix E: Dias & da Gama (one copy for each student) 5. internet 6. blue, orange, and brown map pencil 7. Appendix A: Explorer Information H. Key Vocabulary 1. Moor: a North African follower of Islam. 2. Scurvy: a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C which is found in fresh fruit and vegetables. I. Procedures/Activities 1. Read orally with class from Pearson (5 th ) pp Compare and contrast Dias, da Gama and Cabral on an overhead or chalkboard. 3. Have student complete Appendix A: Explorer Information (one copy for every six students). 4. Use world map from previous lesson Appendix B: Student Map. Teacher will trace Dias, da Gama and Cabral s routes with students on over head. Students will use a blue map pencil for Dias, orange for da Gama and brown for Cabral s route. (For explorers routes go to: enchanted learning.com-type in explorers names and a map of that explorer will come up showing the route that they traveled. 5. Pass out Appendix E: Dias & da Gama. J. Assessment/Evaluation 1. Appendix A: Explorer Information 2. Appendix E: Dias and da Gama Lesson Four: Christopher Columbus (Third and Fifth Grade) A. Daily Objectives 1. Concept Objective(s) a. Students will understand the reasons behind Christopher Columbus s explorations. 2. Lesson Content a. Two worlds meet Christopher Columbus and the Tainos 3. Skill Objective(s) a. Students will identify the contributions made by Christopher Columbus. b. Students will write a story describing a sea voyage using correct punctuation, capitalization, and proper grammar Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 8

17 Explorer: Explorer: Explorer: Date of Exploration: Date of Exploration: Date of Exploration: Reason for Exploration Reason for Exploration Reason for Exploration Accomplishment Accomplishment Accomplishment Explorers Appendix A: Explorer Information 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 17

18 Explorer: Date of Exploration: Reason for Exploration Accomplishment Explorer: Date of Exploration: Reason for Exploration Accomplishment Explorer: Date of Exploration: Reason for Exploration Accomplishment 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 18

19 Explorers Appendix B: Student Map Name Label the continents: Africa Antarctica Asia Australia Europe North America South America Label the oceans: Atlantic Ocean Arctic Ocean Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean Label: Equator Prime Meridian 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 19

20 PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH AMERICA SOUTH AMERICA ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN EUROPE AFRICA ASIA INDIAN OCEAN AUSTRALIA PACIFIC OCEAN Name Explorers Appendix C: Teacher Map ANTARCTICA Label the continents: Africa Antarctica Asia Australia Europe North America South America Label the oceans: Atlantic Ocean Arctic Ocean Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean Label: Equator Prime Meridian 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 20

21 Explorers Appendix D: Routes Name 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 21

22 EXPLORERS Appendix E: Dias & Da Gama Name Bartholomeu Dias & Vasco da Gama North America Potugal Lisbon Europe China India Africa Arabian Sea Calicut South America Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean Cape of Good Hope Map Key Dias Da Gama Bartholomeu Dias Vasco da Gama 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 22

23 EXPLORERS Appendix F: Compass Design 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 23

24 EXPLORERS Appendix G: T-Chart (p.1 of 2) S i r F r a n c i s D r a k e ( ) Cause Effect 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 24

25 EXPLORERS Appendix G: T-Chart (p.2 of 2) P e t e r M i n u i t ( ) Cause Effect 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 25

26 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Meet the Explorers from Our Past, Connections: 3 rd & 5 th Grade 26

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