EFFECTS OF ADVANCE ORGANIZER TEACHING APPROACH ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN MAARA DISTRICT, KENYA

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "EFFECTS OF ADVANCE ORGANIZER TEACHING APPROACH ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN MAARA DISTRICT, KENYA"

Transcription

1 EFFECTS OF ADVANCE ORGANIZER TEACHING APPROACH ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN MAARA DISTRICT, KENYA PROFESSOR SAMUEL W. WACHANGA*; ANTONY MUGIIRA ARIMBA**; PROF. ZACHARIAH K. MBUGUA*** * DEAN FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND COMMUNITY STUDIES EGERTON UNIVERSITY, KENYA **FACULTY OF EDUCATION CHUKA UNIVERSITY, KENYA ***FACULTY OF EDUCATION KARATINA UNIVERSITY, KENYA. ABSTRACT Students achievement in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) Chemistry examinations in Kenya is below average. This could be due to among other factors, the teaching methods used by teachers. There is need for teachers to use teaching methods that can enhance students academic achievement in Chemistry in secondary schools. This study investigated the effects of Advance Organizer Teaching Approach on students achievement in Chemistry. Quasi experimental research was employed since intact chemistry classes were involved. This was because school authorities do not allow classes to be broken and reconstituted for research purposes. Solomon s Four Non-Equivalent Control Group Design was used. The study involved secondary schools in Maara District, Kenya. The target population was 13,036 secondary school students while the accessible population was 3,540 Form Three chemistry students. Purposive sampling was used to select four district co-educational secondary schools in Maara District. The sample size involved 161 Form Three chemistry students who were in four groups E1, E2, C1 and C2. Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT) was used for data collection. The CAT was administered to groups E1 and C1 before teaching started. The experimental groups were taught using the Advance Organizer Teaching Approach (AOTA) while the control groups were taught through Regular Teaching Methods (RTM). The CAT was pilot tested to determine its reliability, while its validity was ascertained by experts from Department of Education of Chuka University College. At the end of eight weeks of teaching the CAT post-test was administered to the four groups. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics (mean, percentages, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (ANOVA, ANCOVA, and t- test) were used for data analysis at α= 0.05 level. The study found out that there were significant effects of the use of advance organizers in Chemistry learning. Students who were taught using AOTA achieved better in Chemistry learning than those who were taught through RTM. The findings of this study also indicate that gender has no significant effects on CAT scores in Chemistry learning when AOTA is used. Based on this study teachers and curriculum developers should adopt and strengthen the use of advance organizers as a teaching strategy to enhance Chemistry learning by students. 24

2 KEYWORDS: Advance Organizer Teaching Approach, Chemistry Achievement Test, Regular Teaching Method, students chemistry achievement. Introduction Chemistry is the science that underpins most of the major discoveries of the 20th century and still will continue to do so in the 21 st century as emphasis moves towards the understanding of biological approaches and more eco-friendly synthetic systems such as forensic chemistry, environmental, soil and water chemistry (Webster, 2009). Chemistry courses have low rates of student success and as a result serve as a gate-way limiting access to science fields (Webster, 2009). Students learn best when they possess an integrated package of skills and beliefs that support learning. Cognitive psychologists believe that all of a person s prior knowledge is stored in the cognitive structures of the brain. Ausubel (1960) determined through extensive research that the most dependable way of facilitating retention is to introduce the appropriate subsumers and make them part of cognitive structure prior to the actual representation of the learning task. The introduced subsumers thus become advance organizers or anchoring foci for the reception of new material (Ausubel, 1960). Bransford (2004) and Anderson (2004) agree with Ausubel that advance organizers are an excellent way to activate and build schema prior to the actual learning of new material by students. Based on the initial response to the material presented in the organizer, teachers can modify their lesson plans and materials to better fit the prior knowledge of their students. In addition, they can efficiently structure their time and the critical points that need to be covered, while simplifying complicated text Bransford (2004) & Anderson, (2004). This enhances the development of higher order thinking in their students by helping them to relate concepts previously learned to the new material and enabling them to quickly organize their thoughts. Despite many researches that have been done in the efforts to improve achievement in sciences in secondary schools, performance in Chemistry continues to be poor. Kenya s Ministry of Higher Education Science and Technology (MoHEST) has made several efforts to address the causes of poor performance in chemistry. For example, the training of chemistry teachers has been enhanced so as to have trained teachers in all schools. However, the problem of poor performance in chemistry persists. Emphasis should be among others on the use of innovative teaching strategies such as the use of advance organizers. An advance organizer is a statement of inclusive concepts to introduce and sum up material that follows (Woolfolk, 2001). Ausubel (1960) defines an advance organizer as a cognitive instructional strategy used to promote the learning and retention of new information. An advance organizer is information that is presented prior to learning that can be used by the learner to organize and interpret new incoming material (Mayer, 2003). In explaining the meaningful learning, Ausubel (1960) introduced the concept of a subsumption model as a pedagogic device in which central and highly unifying ideas are stated in terms already familiar to the learner, to which the learner can relate new ideas by subsumption. A primary process in learning is subsumption in which new material is related to new and relevant ideas in the existing cognitive structures (Adebola, 2011). The organizer is introduced in advance of learning itself, and is also presented at a higher level of abstraction (Ausubel, 1960). A few have been conducted on the effects of advance organizers in learning and learners performance (Adebola, 2011). For example, Githua and Nyabwa (2007) found out that students taught using 25

3 advance organizers had significantly higher scores in mathematics achievement test than those taught in the conventional way. According to Harg and Willerman (1991) students can probably be helped by the organization and visual relationships of the advance organizer in a way that oral explanations do not offer. Wachanga and Mwangi (2004) explain that successful teaching and learning depends partly on the correct use of a teaching method whose activities target most learning senses. Chemistry is poorly performed in national examinations and in particular Maara District (KNEC; 2008; 2009). In the present study, teaching of chemistry was done through the advance organizer approach in order to find out whether students achievement would be affected positively. Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using Advance Organizer Teaching Approach on secondary school students achievement in Chemistry in Maara District. Objectives of the Study In order to achieve the stated purpose, the following objectives were used to guide the study. i. To determine whether the achievement of students who are taught through Advance Organizer Teaching Approach (AOTA)would be different from that of those taught using the Regular Teaching Method (RTM). ii. To determine whether students achievement was affected by gender when they are taught through Advance Organizer Teaching Approach. Hypotheses The following hypotheses were tested at α=0.05 level of significance. H O 1: There is no statistically significant difference in achievement scores in Chemistry between students who are taught using AOTA and those who are taught using RTM. H O 2: There is no statistically significant difference in achievement in Chemistry between boys and girls who are taught using AOTA. Conceptual Framework In this study advance organizers were used as an intervention in the teaching of the Mole concept topic in Chemisty. The interrelated variables are shown in Figure 1. Teacher characteristics Advance Organizer Teaching Approach (AOTA) Regular Teaching Methods (RTM) Independent Variables -Gender -Experience -Training Learner characteristics -Age -Gender Students achievement in Chemistry Intervening Variables Dependent Variable 26

4 Figure 1: Interrelationships of variables in the study. The intervening variables were classroom environment, learner and teacher characteristics. To control for teacher variables, the study involved female trained teachers with at least 3 years teaching experience in Chemistry at secondary schools level. The effect of students age was controlled by involving Form Three chemistry students who are approximately the same age. Effect of students gender was incorporated in the study. Research Methodology This study involved quasi-experimental research in which the Solomon s Four Non-Equivalent Control Group Design was used. It was not possible to randomly assign students to groups as they exist in school as intact groups (Wachanga & Mwangi, 2004). The Solomon s Four Nonequivalent Control Group Design is presented in Figure 2. E1 O1 X O C1 O3 _ O E2 _ X O C2 O6 Figure 2: The Solomon s Four Non-Equivalent Control Group Design O1 and O3 were pre-tests while O2, O4, O5 and O6 were post-tests and X was the treatment where students were taught using Advance Organizer Teaching Approach in the Mole Concept topic in Chemistry. E1 was the experimental group which received pre-test, treatment and a posttest. C1 was true control group which received the pre-test followed by the control condition and the post-test. E2 was the experimental group two which received treatment followed by the posttest. C2 received the control condition followed by the post-test. C1 and C2 were taught using Regular Teaching Methods. Maturation and history effects were controlled in this design by having two groups taking a pretest and a post-test (Fraenkel &Wallen, 2000). To avoid the effects of contamination, the treatment and control groups were from different schools which were far apart. Pre-test enabled the researchers to check the entry level of the students before the experiment started. Sampling Procedure Purposive sampling was used to identify the schools with the desired characteristics from the list of schools in Maara District. The desired features of the schools that qualified for the study were: a class size of more than thirty Form Three chemistry students, female chemistry teachers, well equipped chemistry laboratory and district co-educational secondary schools. Group E1 was from Mwimbi Division while Group E2 was from Muthambi Division. The control groups were from Mwimbi Division and at an approximate distance of eight kilometers apart. These two divisions belong to Maara District. From the sampled schools, simple random sampling method was used to obtain four classes and assigning them to experimental and control groups. 27

5 Sample Size According to Mugenda and Mugenda (2003) at least 30 cases are required in each group for experimental research. In this study the number of students in the sample size was 161. The number of students in E1 were 49, C1 were 41 while in E2 and C2 were 36 and 35 respectively. The total number of students was 161. Table 1 shows the summary of the sample size indicating the number of the students in the four groups. Table 1 Summary of the Sample Size Group Number of Students Experimental one (E1) 49 Control one (C1) 41 Experimental two (E2) 36 Control two (C2) 35 Total 161 Instrumentation and Data Collection The Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT) was used to measure students achievement in the Mole Concept topic of Chemistry. This test consisted of items that were covered in Mole Concept during the eight weeks of study. The content tested involved the mole, relative atomic and molecular masses, empirical and molecular formulae, molar solutions, chemical equations, titration and molar gas volume. The test contained 10 items having a total score of 25 marks. The items tested knowledge, comprehension, application and analysis of chemical information. Two experts from Chuka University in the Department of Education and two examiners from Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC) assisted the researchers to ascertain the validity of the test and also to review the test. Pilot testing was done in Embu East District in a co-educational district secondary school which had similar characteristics as the sampled schools. The data that were obtained from piloting assisted the researchers to determine the reliability of the test. The reliability co-efficient was calculated using the Cronbach s alpha method because the items yielded a range of scores. The test had a reliability coefficient of This value was above the threshold of 0.7. Thus the test was considered to be suitable (Fraenkel & Wallen, 2000). The test was administered at the beginning of the study as a pre-test. At the end of the eight weeks of study the items of the pre-test were reorganized to serve as the post-test. Data Analysis Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, percentages) and inferential statistics (ANOVA, ANCOVA and t-test) were used for data analysis. The one-way ANOVA was used to analyze differences in the four means. It was used to establish whether there were significant differences among the mean scores of four groups. In order to take care of any initial differences among the groups, an Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was carried out using KCPE marks as the 28

6 covariate in all the four groups (Thorne & Giesen, 2000). Independent samples t-test was used to test if there was a statistically significant difference between two mean scores of experimental and control groups (Mutai, 2000).This is because of its superior power to detect differences between two means (Borg & Gall, 1989). The level of significance for acceptance or rejection of null hypotheses was set at α= Results and Discussion The independent samples t-test was used to analyze whether there were significant differences in the mean scores of experimental group (E1) and the control group (C1) in the CAT pre-test. Data in Table 2 shows the t-test results of the pre-test mean scores in CAT for E1 and C1. Table 2 t-test Results of the Pre-test Mean Scores on CAT Group N Mean score (%) SD df t-value p-value E C Total 79 E1 had a higher mean score (20.94%) than C1 (18.25%). However, the difference was not significant t (77) = 0.65, p>0.05. Independent samples t-test was used to analyze whether there was significant differences between the mean scores of boys and girls in CAT. Data on Table 3 shows the results in CAT based on gender. Table 3 t- Test Results of the Pre- test Mean Scores on CAT by Gender Gender N Mean Score (%) SD df t-value p- value Male Female Total 79 The results indicate that girls had higher mean scores (22.29%) as compared to boys (15.87%). However, this difference was not significant t (77) = -1.55, p>0.05. Results in Tables 2 and 3 shows that the groups were similar at the beginning of the experiment. 29

7 Effects of AOTA on students Achievement in Chemistry One way ANOVA was performed to analyze whether there was any significant difference in achievement scores of students taught using AOTA and those taught using RTM. The results of the students CAT post-test scores were as shown in Table 4. Table 4 CAT Post-test Mean Scores Obtained by Students in the Four Groups Group N Mean Score (%) SD E C E C Total The mean scores of the E1 (30.37%) and E2 (31.72%) were higher as compared with those of the C1 (21.85%) and C2 (22.74%). This shows that experimental groups achieved better than the control groups. This study found out that students taught using AOTA achieved better in CAT as compared to those students taught using RTM. This indicates that the use of advance organizers enhanced learners to learn Chemistry. The CAT mean scores for the four groups are shown in Figure 3. 30

8 Figure 3: Relationships between Post-test Mean Scores in CAT in the Four Groups Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of the post-test mean scores in CAT are shown in Table 5 Table 5 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of the Post-test Mean Scores on CAT Sum of Squares df Mean Square F p-value Between Groups Within Groups Total The results in Table 5 show that the differences between the post-test scores on CAT were statistically significant F (3, 157) = 4.06, p< Least Significant Difference (LSD) Post Hoc comparisons were carried out to establish the mean scores which were statistically different. The results are shown in Table 6. Table 6 Post Hoc Comparisons of Post-test of CAT Mean Scores for the Four Groups Group Group Name Mean difference Standard error Significance Name (i) (j) (i-j) p- value E1 C * C * E C1 E * C E * E2 E C * C * C2 E * C E * * denotes that the mean differences are significant at 0.05 confidence level. The results indicate that the differences in mean scores of groups E1 and C1, groups E1 and C2, C2 and E1, C2 and E2, E2 and C1 were statistically significant at 0.05 level and therefore H 0 1 is rejected. Since the study was quasi experimental, the researchers carried out Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) using KCPE scores as covariates. The results in Table 7 show the adjusted mean scores for ANCOVA. 31

9 Table 7 Adjusted Mean Scores of the Four Groups Group N Adjusted Mean Scores (% E C E C Total Table 8 shows the results of ANCOVA. Table 8 Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Post- test Mean Scores on CAT using KCPE marks as the Covariates Source Sum of Squares df Mean Square F sig KCPE Group Error Total Corrected Total The ANCOVA results indicate that the differences are statistically significant since p<0.05. Least Significant Difference (LSD) Post-hoc multiple comparisons were used to establish the means which were statistically different. The results are shown in Table 9. 32

10 Table 9 Post Hoc Multiple Comparisons of Post- test of CAT Mean Scores for the Four Groups Group Name Mean difference Standard error Significance (i) (j) (i-j) p- value E1 C * C * E C1 E * C E * E2 E C * C * C2 E * C E * * denotes that the mean differences are significant at 0.05 confidence level. The results indicate that the differences in mean scores of groups E1 and C1, groups E1 and C2, C2 and E1, C2 and E2, E2 and C1 were statistically significant at 0.05 levels. Therefore, H O 1 is rejected. The study showed that advance organizers are effective in enhancing students achievement in Chemistry. The findings of this study are in agreement with that of Shihusa and Keraro (2009) that the use of advance organizer teaching strategy results in higher achievement of students in Biology. Wachanga and Mwangi (2004) also found out that cooperative class experiment method facilitated chemistry learning more than RTM. Recent research by Njue (2010) found out that students who were taught using constructivist teaching strategy (CTS) achieved relatively higher scores in CAT in mole concept in Chemistry than those taught through RTM. Results of this study show that there is merit in using advance organizer approach to enhance students achievement. When students are given advance organizers prior to actual learning the learners attention is actually directed to the most important aspects of the lesson which involves what they are able to pick from the lesson in terms of the understanding of the main concepts than the mere ability to recall facts, definitions and formulae. Adebola (2011) found out that the use of advance organizers is an effective strategy for teaching and learning Mathematics at senior secondary school level. Adebola (2011) recommend that behavioral objectives and other forms of advance organizers should be used by teachers of Mathematics in instructing their students at the secondary level. Clawson and Bames (1973) attempted to determine the effects of different types of advance organizers. Their work showed that advance organizers with pictorial, graphic and manipulated materials were more effective than verbal and expository advance organizers. Studies of what constitutes an advance organizer have produced conflicting conclusions while inconsistent results have also been reported in literature on the use of advance organizers (Adebola, 2011).The findings of this study indicate that the use of AOTA enhances Chemistry 33

11 learning in the Mole Concept topic. Although teachers use advance organizers during teaching, perhaps majority of the chemistry teachers are either not familiar or aware of the use advance organizers and the role they play in Chemistry learning. Strengthening the use of advance organizers through inservice courses could help science teachers to adopt proper use of the advance organizers in teaching. Effects of AOTA on Achievement of Boys and Girls in Chemistry Independent samples t-test was used to analyze whether there was a significant difference in CAT mean scores between boys and girls who were taught using AOTA. The results are shown in Table 10. Table 10 t- Test Results of the Post- test Mean Scores on CAT by Gender Gender N Mean score (%) SD df t-value p- value Male Female Total 85 The results in Table 10 indicate that the differences in CAT mean scores between the male and female students were not statistically significant, t (83) = , p>0.05. Therefore, H 0 3 was accepted. The findings of this study indicate that gender has no significant effect on Chemistry achievement when AOTA is used. The results of this study concur with that of Njue (2010) that gender has no significant effects in chemistry achievement when students are taught using CTS in the Mole Concept topic. The present study also concurs with those of Rizwan and Muhammad (2005) findings that science achievement of female students was better than the science achievement of male students although there were no significant differences in CAT mean scores. In this study a chart in form of graphic organizer was used to provide a visual representation of facts and concepts in an organized frame. Novak (1980) asserts that creative teaching, when well done, includes the selection and use of good advance organizers. New information about a concept is filled into an existing framework of categories called schemes that contain specific information (Akinbobola, 2010). If no knowledge is available, advance organizers are used to give knowledge to the students in order for this framework to be followed and new information retained for recall and transfer. Conclusions Based on this study the following conclusions were made i. Students who are taught through AOTA achieve higher chemistry learning than those taught through RTM. ii. Gender has no effect on students achievement when they are taught through AOTA. 34

12 References Adebola, S.F. (2011). The Effects of Behavioral Objectives on Students Achievement in Senior Secondary School Mathematics Instruction when used as Advance Organizers. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. Accessed on: on 6/7/2011. Akinbobola, A.O, & Afolabi. (2010). Constructivist Practices through Guided Discovery Approach: The Effects on Students Cognitive Achievement in Nigerian Senior Secondary School Physics. Eurasia Journal of Physics and Chemistry Education. 2 (1), Anderson, R. C. (2004). Role of the Readers Schema in Comprehension, Learning and Memory in R.B. Ruddel, & N. J. Unrau (Eds), Theoretical Models and Processes of Reading (5 th ed.) pp Newark, DE: International Reading Association. Ausubel, D. P. (1960). The Use of Advance Organizers in the Learning and Retention of Meaningful Verbal Material. Journal of Educational Psychology, 51, Borg, W. R, & Gall. M. D. (1989). Educational Research. An Introduction. 5 th Ed. White Plains. New York, U.S.A: Longman. Bransford, J. D. (2004). Schema Activation and Schema Acquisition. Theoretical Models and Processes of Reading (5 th Ed) Newark, DE: International Reading Association, Inc. Clawson, E. U. & Bames, B. R. (1973). The Effects of Organizers on Learning of Structured Anthropological Materials in the Elementary Grades. The Journal of Experimental Education. 42(1), Fraenkel, N., &.Wallen, E.(2000). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. 5 th Ed. New York, U.S.A: Mc Graw Hill. Githua, N. B. & Nyabwa A. R. (2007). Effects of Advance Organizer Strategy during Instruction on Secondary School Students Mathematics Achievement in Kenya s Nakuru District. Accessed on 04/01/ Mayer, R. (2003). Learning and Instruction. New Jersey. USA: Pearson Education, Inc 35

13 Mugenda, O., & Mugenda, A. (2003). Research Methods. Quantitative & Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi, Kenya: ACTS press. Mutai, B. K. (2000). How to Write a Quality Research Proposal. A Complete and a Simplified Recipe. 1 st Ed. My Sore, India: My Sore University Press. Njue, A. K.(2010). Effects of Constructivist Teaching Strategy on Students Achievement in Chemistry. Unpublished MEd Thesis. Chuka University College, Kenya Novak, J.D.(1980). Learning Theory Applied to the Biology Classroom. A Useful Tool for Science Education. The American Biology Teacher, 42,(5) Rizwan, A.R. &Muhammad, Z. I. (2005). Effects of Students Self concept and Gender on Academic Achievement in Science. Bulletin of Education and Research, 27(2), Shihusa, H. & Keraro, F. N. (2009). Using Advance Organizers to Enhance Students Motivation in Learning of Biology. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education. 5(4), The Kenya National Examination (KNEC) (2008).The Kenya National Examinations Council. Nairobi: Kenya. The Kenya National Examination (KNEC) (2009). The Kenya National Examinations Council. Nairobi: Kenya. Thorne, M., & Giesen, M. (2000). Statistics for Behavioral Sciences. 3 rd Ed. London, USA: Mayfield Publishing Company. Wachanga, S.W. & Mwangi, J.G.(2004). Effects of Cooperative Class Experiment Teaching Method on Secondary School Students Chemistry Achievement in Kenyas Nakuru District. International Education Journal 5(1). Accessed on 24/4/ J.c,b net Webster, G. H. (2009). Attitude Counts. Self-Concept and Success in General Chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education. 86, 6, p Woolfolk, A. (2001). Educational Psychology. 8 th Ed. Boston, USA: Allyn and Bacon. 36

INVESTIGATIONS OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS THROUGH MASTERY LEARNING APPROACH

INVESTIGATIONS OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS THROUGH MASTERY LEARNING APPROACH JOHNSON M. CHANGEIYWO, P. W. WAMBUGU and S. W. WACHANGA INVESTIGATIONS OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS THROUGH MASTERY LEARNING APPROACH Received: 4 June 2009; Accepted:

More information

Effects of Mastery Learning Approach on Secondary School Students Physics Achievement

Effects of Mastery Learning Approach on Secondary School Students Physics Achievement Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2008, 4(3), 293-302 Effects of Mastery Learning Approach on Secondary School Students Physics Achievement Patriciah W. Wambugu and Johnson

More information

Nonye Azih and B.O. Nwosu Department of Business Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Nonye Azih and B.O. Nwosu Department of Business Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria Current Research Journal of Social Sciences 3(2): 66-70, 2011 ISSN: 2041-3246 Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2011 Received: November 23, 2010 Accepted: March 08, 2011 Published: March 30, 2011 Effects

More information

The African Symposium: An online journal of the African Educational Research Network

The African Symposium: An online journal of the African Educational Research Network EFFECT OF COMPUTER SIMULATION INSTRUCTIONAL PACKAGE ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS STUDENTS RETENTION IN ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION IN LAVUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA Ramatu Wodu

More information

Achievement in Physics Using Mastery Learning and Mind Mapping Approaches: Implication on Gender and Attitude

Achievement in Physics Using Mastery Learning and Mind Mapping Approaches: Implication on Gender and Attitude International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE) Volume 1, Issue 12, December 2014, PP 154-161 ISSN 2349-0373 (Print) & ISSN 2349-0381 (Online) www.arcjournals.org Achievement

More information

Effect of polya problem-solving model on senior secondary school students performance in current electricity

Effect of polya problem-solving model on senior secondary school students performance in current electricity European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education Vol. 3, o. 1, 2015, 97 104 Effect of polya problem-solving model on senior secondary school students performance in current electricity Olaniyan, Ademola

More information

Effects of Teaching through Online Teacher versus Real Teacher on Student Learning in the Classroom

Effects of Teaching through Online Teacher versus Real Teacher on Student Learning in the Classroom Effects of Teaching through Online Teacher versus Real Teacher on Student Learning in the Classroom Sirous Hadadnia Islamic Azad University-Mamasani Branch, Iran Norouz Hadadnia Zargan Office of Education,

More information

Effects of Photography on Acquisition of Sculpture Skills among Junior Secondary School Students in Osun State, Nigeria (Pp.

Effects of Photography on Acquisition of Sculpture Skills among Junior Secondary School Students in Osun State, Nigeria (Pp. An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 4 (2) April, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083 (Online) Effects of Photography on Acquisition of Sculpture Skills among Junior Secondary

More information

Effects of Computer Animation Package on Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Geography in Ondo State, Nigeria.

Effects of Computer Animation Package on Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Geography in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Teaching and Teacher Education ISSN (2210-1578) J. Tea. Tea. Edu. 3, No. 2 (July-2015) Effects of Computer Animation Package on Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Geography

More information

Technological Attitude and Academic Achievement of Physics Students in Secondary Schools (Pp. 150-157)

Technological Attitude and Academic Achievement of Physics Students in Secondary Schools (Pp. 150-157) An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 4 (3a) July, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083 (Online) Technological Attitude and Academic Achievement of Physics Students in Secondary

More information

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO OF FIRMS LISTED IN NAIROBI SECURITIES EXCHANGE

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO OF FIRMS LISTED IN NAIROBI SECURITIES EXCHANGE International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management United Kingdom Vol. III, Issue 11, November 2015 http://ijecm.co.uk/ ISSN 2348 0386 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND DIVIDEND

More information

RUNNING HEAD: TUTORING TO INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT USING TUTORING TO INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT ON END OF COURSE ASSESSMENTS. By KATHYRENE HAYES

RUNNING HEAD: TUTORING TO INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT USING TUTORING TO INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT ON END OF COURSE ASSESSMENTS. By KATHYRENE HAYES RUNNING HEAD: TUTORING TO INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT Tutoring To Increase Student Achievement 1 USING TUTORING TO INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT ON END OF COURSE ASSESSMENTS By KATHYRENE HAYES Submitted

More information

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Mastery Learning Model On Achievement Of Pupil s Of Ix Class In Chemistry. Ms. Sarita* & Ms.

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Mastery Learning Model On Achievement Of Pupil s Of Ix Class In Chemistry. Ms. Sarita* & Ms. A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Mastery Learning Model On Achievement Of Pupil s Of Ix Class In Chemistry Ms. Sarita* & Ms. Jyoti** *Assistant Professor, Department of Education, M.D.U, Rohtak **Research

More information

A STUDY OF WHETHER HAVING A PROFESSIONAL STAFF WITH ADVANCED DEGREES INCREASES STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT MEGAN M. MOSSER. Submitted to

A STUDY OF WHETHER HAVING A PROFESSIONAL STAFF WITH ADVANCED DEGREES INCREASES STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT MEGAN M. MOSSER. Submitted to Advanced Degrees and Student Achievement-1 Running Head: Advanced Degrees and Student Achievement A STUDY OF WHETHER HAVING A PROFESSIONAL STAFF WITH ADVANCED DEGREES INCREASES STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT By MEGAN

More information

Chapter Eight: Quantitative Methods

Chapter Eight: Quantitative Methods Chapter Eight: Quantitative Methods RESEARCH DESIGN Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches Third Edition John W. Creswell Chapter Outline Defining Surveys and Experiments Components of

More information

Enhancing Mathematics Achievement of Secondary School Students Using Mastery Learning Approach

Enhancing Mathematics Achievement of Secondary School Students Using Mastery Learning Approach Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) 4(6): 848-854 Journal Scholarlink of Emerging Research Trends Institute in Educational Journals, 203 Research (ISSN: and

More information

THE EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING AND EXPLICIT INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN MATHEMATICS

THE EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING AND EXPLICIT INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN MATHEMATICS Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy (BJSEP), Volume 7, Number 1, 2013 THE EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING AND EXPLICIT INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN MATHEMATICS

More information

Concept-Mapping Software: How effective is the learning tool in an online learning environment?

Concept-Mapping Software: How effective is the learning tool in an online learning environment? Concept-Mapping Software: How effective is the learning tool in an online learning environment? Online learning environments address the educational objectives by putting the learner at the center of the

More information

The Effect of the After-School Reading Education Program for Elementary School on Multicultural Awareness

The Effect of the After-School Reading Education Program for Elementary School on Multicultural Awareness , pp.369-376 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijunesst.2015.8.12.37 The Effect of the After-School Reading Education Program for Elementary School on Multicultural Awareness Jaebok Seo 1 and Mina Choi 2 1,2

More information

Solomon Iheonunekwu ; Onyemaechi Kevin Egesi and Ogbenyealu Uche Uchechi

Solomon Iheonunekwu ; Onyemaechi Kevin Egesi and Ogbenyealu Uche Uchechi INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AROCHUKWU L.G.A. OF ABIA STATE Solomon Iheonunekwu; Onyemaechi Kevin Egesi

More information

MSP Project Name: Partnership to Improve Student Achievement in Physical Science: Integrating STEM Approaches (PISA 2 )

MSP Project Name: Partnership to Improve Student Achievement in Physical Science: Integrating STEM Approaches (PISA 2 ) Abstract Name Teacher Professional Development Programs in Grades 3-8: Promoting Teachers and Students Content Knowledge in Science and Engineering MSP Project Name: Partnership to Improve Student Achievement

More information

Effect of Smart Classroom Learning Environment on Academic Achievement of Rural High Achievers and Low Achievers in Science

Effect of Smart Classroom Learning Environment on Academic Achievement of Rural High Achievers and Low Achievers in Science International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences Vol. 3 (2013) pp 1-9 Online: 2013-09-25 (2013) SciPress Ltd., Switzerland doi:10.18052/www.scipress.com/ilshs.3.1 Effect of Smart Classroom Learning

More information

Innovative Educational Practice: Using Virtual Labs in the Secondary Classroom

Innovative Educational Practice: Using Virtual Labs in the Secondary Classroom Innovative Educational Practice: Using Virtual Labs in the Secondary Classroom Marcel Satsky Kerr, Texas Wesleyan University. Kimberly Rynearson, Tarleton State University. Marcus C. Kerr, Texas Wesleyan

More information

OMANI SCIENCE TEACHERS USE OF COOPERATIVE WORK IN BASIC EDUCATION SCHOOLS

OMANI SCIENCE TEACHERS USE OF COOPERATIVE WORK IN BASIC EDUCATION SCHOOLS 8 OMANI SCIENCE TEACHERS USE OF COOPERATIVE WORK IN BASIC EDUCATION SCHOOLS Ali Huwaishel Al-Shuaili Sultan Qaboos University, Oman E-mail: alshuaili@squ.edu.om Abstract The aim of this study is to explore

More information

A Study of the Attitudes of the Teacher Educators towards Pre Service Teacher Education Programme in Pakistan

A Study of the Attitudes of the Teacher Educators towards Pre Service Teacher Education Programme in Pakistan International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 2 No. 16; September 2011 A Study of the Attitudes of the Teacher Educators towards Pre Service Teacher Education Programme in Pakistan Abstract

More information

A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK-AIDED REMEDIAL TEACHING ON STUDENTS LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE OPTICS UNIT

A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK-AIDED REMEDIAL TEACHING ON STUDENTS LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE OPTICS UNIT A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK-AIDED REMEDIAL TEACHING ON STUDENTS LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE OPTICS UNIT Chen-Feng Wu, Pin-Chang Chen and Shu-Fen Tzeng Department of Information Management,

More information

Teaching Science via Animated Movies: Its Effect on Students' Learning Outcomes and Motivation

Teaching Science via Animated Movies: Its Effect on Students' Learning Outcomes and Motivation Miri Barak, Tamar Ashkar, Yehudit J. Dori 1 Teaching Science via Animated Movies: Its Effect on Students' Learning Outcomes and Motivation Miri Barak The Department of Education in Technology and Science

More information

Department of Mathematics Sultan Idris Education University Perak, Malaysia

Department of Mathematics Sultan Idris Education University Perak, Malaysia THE QUALITY OF TEACHING AMONG SECONDARY BOARDING SCHOOLS MATHEMATICS TEACHERS Norazman Arbin 1, Sazelli Abdu l Ghani 1, Mohd Syafarudy Abu 2, Firdaus Mohamad Hamzah 3, Siti Noor Asyikin Mohd Razali 4 1

More information

Effects of E-Learning Program in Accounting on Students. Achievement and Motivation to Learn Double Entry Bookkeeping

Effects of E-Learning Program in Accounting on Students. Achievement and Motivation to Learn Double Entry Bookkeeping Effects of E-Learning Program in Accounting on Students Achievement and Motivation to Learn Double Entry Bookkeeping Joel Kipkemboi Kiboss 1*, Edward Kiptabut Tanui 2 1. Dept of Curriculum Instruction

More information

Evaluating the Teacher Effectiveness of Secondary and Higher Secondary School Teachers

Evaluating the Teacher Effectiveness of Secondary and Higher Secondary School Teachers IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) e-issn: 2320 7388,p-ISSN: 2320 737X Volume 4, Issue 1 Ver. V (Feb. 2014), PP 52-56 Evaluating the Teacher Effectiveness of Secondary and Higher

More information

PRE AND POST TEST TO SEE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN YEARS OF ANIMATED LITERACY AND KNOWLEDGE OF LETTERS STEPHANIE, BUCK. Submitted to

PRE AND POST TEST TO SEE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN YEARS OF ANIMATED LITERACY AND KNOWLEDGE OF LETTERS STEPHANIE, BUCK. Submitted to Animated Literacy 1 RUNNING HEAD: Years of Animated Literacy Letters PRE AND POST TEST TO SEE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN YEARS OF ANIMATED LITERACY AND KNOWLEDGE OF LETTERS By STEPHANIE, BUCK Submitted to

More information

LEARNING THEORIES Ausubel's Learning Theory

LEARNING THEORIES Ausubel's Learning Theory LEARNING THEORIES Ausubel's Learning Theory David Paul Ausubel was an American psychologist whose most significant contribution to the fields of educational psychology, cognitive science, and science education.

More information

PERCEPTION OF DIFFICULT TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM BY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS

PERCEPTION OF DIFFICULT TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM BY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS PERCEPTION OF DIFFICULT TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM BY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS Jimoh, Adeyemi Tajudeen (PhD) Kwara State College of Education, Oro Abstract This study was conducted to

More information

the general concept down to the practical steps of the process.

the general concept down to the practical steps of the process. Article Critique Affordances of mobile technologies for experiential learning: the interplay of technology and pedagogical practices C.- H. Lai, J.- C. Yang, F.- C. Chen, C.- W. Ho & T.- W. Chan Theoretical

More information

School Environmental Variables and Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science

School Environmental Variables and Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science School Environmental Variables and Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science Dr. S. O. Nsa Dr. A. A. Offiong Mr. M. F. Udo Mr. A. S. Ikot Department of Vocational Education Faculty of Education

More information

Mind Maps: Useful Schematic Tool for Organizing and Integrating Concepts of Complex Patient Care in the Clinic and Classroom

Mind Maps: Useful Schematic Tool for Organizing and Integrating Concepts of Complex Patient Care in the Clinic and Classroom Mind Maps: Useful Schematic Tool for Organizing and Integrating Concepts of Complex Patient Care in the Clinic and Classroom But But what are student perceptions? Dr. Genevieve Pinto Zipp Dr. Catherine

More information

EFL LEARNERS PERCEPTIONS OF USING LMS

EFL LEARNERS PERCEPTIONS OF USING LMS EFL LEARNERS PERCEPTIONS OF USING LMS Assist. Prof. Napaporn Srichanyachon Language Institute, Bangkok University gaynapaporn@hotmail.com ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to present the views, attitudes,

More information

Financial Education in schools: the experience of the Bank of Italy and the Ministry of Education

Financial Education in schools: the experience of the Bank of Italy and the Ministry of Education Financial Education in schools: the experience of the Bank of Italy and the Ministry of Education Maurizio Trifilidis Bank of Italy Background The individuals decision-making process could be improved

More information

Effects of Computer Animation on Spatial Visualization Skills

Effects of Computer Animation on Spatial Visualization Skills Effects of Computer Animation on Spatial Visualization Skills William J. Hart 1 Abstract Animation improves spatial visualization according to many researchers. The purpose of this study was to determine

More information

Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy in Mathematics Anxiety

Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy in Mathematics Anxiety 299 Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology July 2009, Vol. 35, No. 2, 299-303. Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy in Mathematics Anxiety Ayatollah Karimi and S Venkatesan All Indian Institute

More information

Students Attitude towards Science and Technology

Students Attitude towards Science and Technology Students Attitude towards Science and Technology Najafi, Mohammad PhD, Dept. of Education, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran. Ebrahimitabass, Ebrahim,

More information

Center for Promoting Ideas, USA www.aijcrnet.com

Center for Promoting Ideas, USA www.aijcrnet.com Assessment of Counselling Needs Related to Mathematics Performance among Secondary School Students in Maara District, Kenya 76 Monicah Buyatsi Oundo Department of Education (Guidance and Counselling) Dr.

More information

A COMPARISON OF LOW PERFORMING STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENTS IN FACTORING CUBIC POLYNOMIALS USING THREE DIFFERENT STRATEGIES

A COMPARISON OF LOW PERFORMING STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENTS IN FACTORING CUBIC POLYNOMIALS USING THREE DIFFERENT STRATEGIES International Conference on Educational Technologies 2013 A COMPARISON OF LOW PERFORMING STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENTS IN FACTORING CUBIC POLYNOMIALS USING THREE DIFFERENT STRATEGIES 1 Ugorji I. Ogbonnaya, 2 David

More information

Institutional Factors Influencing Effective Teaching of Agriculture Subject in Public Secondary Schools in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya

Institutional Factors Influencing Effective Teaching of Agriculture Subject in Public Secondary Schools in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 3 No. 1 January 2015 Institutional Factors Influencing Effective Teaching of Agriculture Subject in Public Secondary Schools in Tharaka Nithi County,

More information

Descriptive Statistics

Descriptive Statistics Descriptive Statistics Primer Descriptive statistics Central tendency Variation Relative position Relationships Calculating descriptive statistics Descriptive Statistics Purpose to describe or summarize

More information

Reforming Basic Science Teaching and Learning In Primary Schools Through Mutual Team Teaching: A Study of Oyo East Local Government Area of Oyo State

Reforming Basic Science Teaching and Learning In Primary Schools Through Mutual Team Teaching: A Study of Oyo East Local Government Area of Oyo State Reforming Basic Science Teaching and Learning In Primary Schools Through Mutual Team Teaching: A Study of Oyo East Local Government Area of Oyo State Bolaji, O.A Emmanuel Alayande College of Education,

More information

IJSER. Key words: Mastery learning, physics achivement.

IJSER. Key words: Mastery learning, physics achivement. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 2, February-2014 910 Effects of Mastery Learning Approach on Students Achievement in Physics Sunday A. Adeyemo, Ph.D, Veronica

More information

Research Proposal: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Online Learning as. Opposed to Traditional Classroom Delivered Instruction. Mark R.

Research Proposal: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Online Learning as. Opposed to Traditional Classroom Delivered Instruction. Mark R. 1 Running head: Effectiveness of Online Learning Research Proposal: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Online Learning as Opposed to Traditional Classroom Delivered Instruction Mark R. Domenic University

More information

Impact of ICT on Teacher Engagement in Select Higher Educational Institutions in India

Impact of ICT on Teacher Engagement in Select Higher Educational Institutions in India Impact of ICT on Teacher Engagement in Select Higher Educational Institutions in India Bushra S P Singh 1, Dr. Sanjay Kaushik 2 1 Research Scholar, University Business School, Arts Block 3, Panjab University,

More information

Independent t- Test (Comparing Two Means)

Independent t- Test (Comparing Two Means) Independent t- Test (Comparing Two Means) The objectives of this lesson are to learn: the definition/purpose of independent t-test when to use the independent t-test the use of SPSS to complete an independent

More information

ANALYSIS OF TRAINING COMPONENTS EFFECTING ON STUDENTS ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPABILITIES IN IRANIAN AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIFIC-APPLIED HIGHER SYSTEM

ANALYSIS OF TRAINING COMPONENTS EFFECTING ON STUDENTS ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPABILITIES IN IRANIAN AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIFIC-APPLIED HIGHER SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF TRAINING COMPONENTS EFFECTING ON STUDENTS ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPABILITIES IN IRANIAN AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIFIC-APPLIED HIGHER SYSTEM Mohammad Reza Soleimanpour 1, Bahman Khosravipour 2 and Reza

More information

ISSN: 2322-4770. Journal of Educational and Management Studies. J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 5(3): 180-186; Sep 30, 2015

ISSN: 2322-4770. Journal of Educational and Management Studies. J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 5(3): 180-186; Sep 30, 2015 ORIGINAL ARTICLE PII: S232247701500028-5 Received 05 Jun. 2015 Accepted 10 Aug. 2015 2015, Scienceline Publication www.science-line.com ISSN: 2322-4770 Journal of Educational and Management Studies JEMS

More information

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROBLEM-SOLVING ABILITY AND ACHIEVEMENT IN PHYSICS AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROBLEM-SOLVING ABILITY AND ACHIEVEMENT IN PHYSICS AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROBLEM-SOLVING ABILITY AND ACHIEVEMENT IN PHYSICS AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA Julius Babajide Omiwale Osun State University Abstract This study examined

More information

INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY TRAINING ON INCREASED HARDINESS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING

INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY TRAINING ON INCREASED HARDINESS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY TRAINING ON INCREASED HARDINESS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING *Zahra Gholami Ghareh Shiran 1, Ghodsi Ahghar 2, Afshin Ahramiyan 3, Afsaneh Boostan

More information

Effect of Audio Instructional Package on Basic Pupils Performance in English Pronunciation Skills in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Effect of Audio Instructional Package on Basic Pupils Performance in English Pronunciation Skills in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria Effect of Audio Instructional Package on Basic Pupils Performance in English Pronunciation Skills in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria Abstract OGUNLADE, O. Olufunmilola PhD and AMOSA, A. Alsea Basic education

More information

METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS

METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS Emine ŞENDURUR Kocaeli University, Faculty of Education Kocaeli, TURKEY Polat ŞENDURUR Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Education Samsun, TURKEY Neşet

More information

USING READING IN CONTENT AREA STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE STUDENT UNDERSTANDING IN FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES

USING READING IN CONTENT AREA STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE STUDENT UNDERSTANDING IN FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences Education, Vol. 23, No. 2, Fall/Winter, 2005 USING READING IN CONTENT AREA STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE STUDENT UNDERSTANDING IN FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES Lynne Bell

More information

B.Ed. Two Year Programme. F.2: Human Development, Diversity and Learning

B.Ed. Two Year Programme. F.2: Human Development, Diversity and Learning B.Ed. Two Year Programme F.2: Human Development, Diversity and Learning Maximum Marks: 100 Vision This course will facilitate an understanding of the processes of development and learning and some of the

More information

The Impact of E-Learning on some Psychological Dimensions and Academic Achievement

The Impact of E-Learning on some Psychological Dimensions and Academic Achievement Vol.2, No.2 (2013), pp.49-56 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijel.2013.2.2.05 The Impact of E-Learning on some Psychological Dimensions and Academic Achievement Seyedeh Monavar Yazdi 1 and Ghazal Zandkarimi

More information

PATHWAYS TO READING INSTRUCTION INCREASING MAP SCORES HEIL, STEPHANIE. Submitted to. The Educational Leadership Faculty

PATHWAYS TO READING INSTRUCTION INCREASING MAP SCORES HEIL, STEPHANIE. Submitted to. The Educational Leadership Faculty Pathways Instruction 1 Running Head: Pathways Instruction PATHWAYS TO READING INSTRUCTION INCREASING MAP SCORES By HEIL, STEPHANIE Submitted to The Educational Leadership Faculty Northwest Missouri State

More information

PRE-SERVICE SCIENCE AND PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF SCIENCE LABORATORY ENVIRONMENT

PRE-SERVICE SCIENCE AND PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF SCIENCE LABORATORY ENVIRONMENT PRE-SERVICE SCIENCE AND PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF SCIENCE LABORATORY ENVIRONMENT Gamze Çetinkaya 1 and Jale Çakıroğlu 1 1 Middle East Technical University Abstract: The associations between

More information

The effect of reading education program using multicultural books on elementary student s multicultural awareness

The effect of reading education program using multicultural books on elementary student s multicultural awareness , pp.220-226 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2015.103.47 The effect of reading education program using multicultural books on elementary student s multicultural awareness Jaebok Seo *, Mina Choi ** *Department

More information

THE EFFECT OF USING FRAYER MODEL ON STUDENTS VOCABULARY MASTERY. * Ellis EkawatiNahampun. ** Berlin Sibarani. Abstract

THE EFFECT OF USING FRAYER MODEL ON STUDENTS VOCABULARY MASTERY. * Ellis EkawatiNahampun. ** Berlin Sibarani. Abstract THE EFFECT OF USING FRAYER MODEL ON STUDENTS VOCABULARY MASTERY * Ellis EkawatiNahampun ** Berlin Sibarani Abstract This study was conducted as an attempt to find out the effect of using Frayer Model on

More information

Running Head: Promoting Student Success: Evaluation of a Freshman Orientation Course

Running Head: Promoting Student Success: Evaluation of a Freshman Orientation Course Running Head: Promoting Student Success: Evaluation of a Freshman Orientation Course Promoting Student Success: Evaluation of a Freshman Orientation Course Mary A. Millikin, PhD Abstract Many first-time

More information

THE IMPACT OF TEACHING TWO COURSES (ELECTRONIC CURRICULUM DESIGN AND MULTIMEDIA) ON THE ACQUISITION OF ELECTRONIC CONTENT DESIGN SKILLS

THE IMPACT OF TEACHING TWO COURSES (ELECTRONIC CURRICULUM DESIGN AND MULTIMEDIA) ON THE ACQUISITION OF ELECTRONIC CONTENT DESIGN SKILLS THE IMPACT OF TEACHING TWO COURSES (ELECTRONIC CURRICULUM DESIGN AND MULTIMEDIA) ON THE ACQUISITION OF ELECTRONIC CONTENT DESIGN SKILLS Natheer K Gharaibeh *, Mohareb A Alsmadi ** Albalqa Applied University,

More information

Effectiveness of Mastery Learning Strategy and Inquiry Training Model on Pupil s Achievement in Science

Effectiveness of Mastery Learning Strategy and Inquiry Training Model on Pupil s Achievement in Science Effectiveness of Mastery Learning Strategy and Inquiry Training Model on Pupil s Achievement in Science ASHOK K. KALIA* ABSTRACT The present study aims to investigate the effectiveness of Mastery Learning

More information

IBM SPSS Statistics 20 Part 4: Chi-Square and ANOVA

IBM SPSS Statistics 20 Part 4: Chi-Square and ANOVA CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LOS ANGELES INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES IBM SPSS Statistics 20 Part 4: Chi-Square and ANOVA Summer 2013, Version 2.0 Table of Contents Introduction...2 Downloading the

More information

Challenges Faced By Peer Counselors in Their Effort to Effect Behavior Change in Secondary Schools in Maara District, Kenya

Challenges Faced By Peer Counselors in Their Effort to Effect Behavior Change in Secondary Schools in Maara District, Kenya Challenges Faced By Peer Counselors in Their Effort to Effect Behavior Change in Secondary Schools in Maara District, Kenya Pamela Gacheri Marangu Teacher Chogoria Boys High School Maara, Kenya Dr. David

More information

EVALUATION OF PROSPECTIVE SCIENCE TEACHERS COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY

EVALUATION OF PROSPECTIVE SCIENCE TEACHERS COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY ISSN 1308 8971 Special Issue: Selected papers presented at WCNTSE EVALUATION OF PROSPECTIVE SCIENCE TEACHERS COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY a Nurhan ÖZTÜRK, a Esra BOZKURT, b Tezcan KARTAL, c Ramazan DEMİR & d

More information

EFFECTS OF ANIMATION-BASED CAMSTUDIO PHYSICS INSTRUCTION ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN MINNA, NIGERIA

EFFECTS OF ANIMATION-BASED CAMSTUDIO PHYSICS INSTRUCTION ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN MINNA, NIGERIA EFFECTS OF ANIMATION-BASED CAMSTUDIO PHYSICS INSTRUCTION ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN MINNA, NIGERIA Adegbija, M. V. Department Of Educational Technology, University Of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

More information

Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research

Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research July 2003 Prepared for Inspiration Software, Inc. by The Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education (IARE) at AEL P.O. Box 1348

More information

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER MSC IN PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS ANALYSING AND INTERPRETING DATA 2 PART 1 WEEK 9

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER MSC IN PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS ANALYSING AND INTERPRETING DATA 2 PART 1 WEEK 9 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER MSC IN PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS ANALYSING AND INTERPRETING DATA 2 PART 1 WEEK 9 Analysis of covariance and multiple regression So far in this course,

More information

Integrating Computer Science Education in Kenyan Secondary Schools

Integrating Computer Science Education in Kenyan Secondary Schools Integrating Computer Science Education in Kenyan Secondary Schools Florence Y. Odera Bondo University College ABSTRACT For many years science educators in Kenyan secondary schools hoped that the use of

More information

CALIFORNIA S TEACHING PERFORMANCE EXPECTATIONS (TPE)

CALIFORNIA S TEACHING PERFORMANCE EXPECTATIONS (TPE) CALIFORNIA S TEACHING PERFORMANCE EXPECTATIONS (TPE) The Teaching Performance Expectations describe the set of knowledge, skills, and abilities that California expects of each candidate for a Multiple

More information

UNDERSTANDING THE INDEPENDENT-SAMPLES t TEST

UNDERSTANDING THE INDEPENDENT-SAMPLES t TEST UNDERSTANDING The independent-samples t test evaluates the difference between the means of two independent or unrelated groups. That is, we evaluate whether the means for two independent groups are significantly

More information

The Effect of Animated Cartoons on Teaching English Grammar: A Study of St Louis Nursery and Primary School, Ikere -Ekiti, Nigeria

The Effect of Animated Cartoons on Teaching English Grammar: A Study of St Louis Nursery and Primary School, Ikere -Ekiti, Nigeria The Effect of Animated Cartoons on Teaching English Grammar: A Study of St Louis Nursery and Primary School, Ikere -Ekiti, Nigeria Bankole Faloye, Oladunni Olufunso Deji-Afuye College of Education, Nigeria

More information

Impact of Audio-Visual Aids on Senior High School Students Achievement in Physics

Impact of Audio-Visual Aids on Senior High School Students Achievement in Physics journal homepage: http://www.eurasianjournals.com/index.php/ejpce Impact of Audio-Visual Aids on Senior High School Students Achievement in Physics Richmond Quarcoo-Nelson 1, Isaac Buabeng 2, * and De-Graft

More information

ASSESSMENT: Coaching Efficacy As Indicators Of Coach Education Program Needs

ASSESSMENT: Coaching Efficacy As Indicators Of Coach Education Program Needs March, 2003 Volume 5, Issue 1 ASSESSMENT: Coaching Efficacy As Indicators Of Coach Education Program Needs Lena Fung, Ph.D. Department of Physical Education Hong Kong Baptist University Hong Kong, SAR

More information

High School Psychology and its Impact on University Psychology Performance: Some Early Data

High School Psychology and its Impact on University Psychology Performance: Some Early Data High School Psychology and its Impact on University Psychology Performance: Some Early Data John Reece Discipline of Psychology School of Health Sciences Impetus for This Research Oh, can you study psychology

More information

The effects of highly rated science curriculum on goal orientation engagement and learning

The effects of highly rated science curriculum on goal orientation engagement and learning APA 04 Proposal The effects of highly rated science curriculum on goal orientation engagement and learning Purpose The paper to be presented describes a study of goal orientation (Pintrich, 2000), engagement

More information

Advanced Placement Environmental Science: Implications of Gender and Ethnicity

Advanced Placement Environmental Science: Implications of Gender and Ethnicity 1 Advanced Placement Environmental Science: Implications of Gender and Ethnicity Rebecca Penwell Brenau University INTRODUCTION One of the challenges of science attitude research is that many studies have

More information

Review and Rating factors affecting the Deployment of (CRM) Customer Relationship Management at Nestle Company

Review and Rating factors affecting the Deployment of (CRM) Customer Relationship Management at Nestle Company Review and Rating factors affecting the Deployment of (CRM) Customer Relationship Management at Nestle Company Rogaye Rezaeegiglo Department of Management, Bilesvar Branch, Islamic Azad University Ali

More information

Integrating Information Technology (IT) into Accounting Courses

Integrating Information Technology (IT) into Accounting Courses Integrating Information Technology (IT) into Accounting Courses Dr. Ahmad N. Obaidat (Corresponding author) Department of Accounting Chairman, Faculty of Administrative & Financial Sciences Tafila Technical

More information

Exhibit 3.3.f.2. Candidate s Score

Exhibit 3.3.f.2. Candidate s Score Exhibit..f. Name Date: Teaching Process TWS Standard Contextual Factors Affecting The candidate teacher uses information about the learning- Student Learning teaching context and student individual differences

More information

Influence of Instructional Resources on Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Makueni County, Kenya

Influence of Instructional Resources on Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Makueni County, Kenya Influence of Instructional Resources on Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Makueni County, Kenya 1. Ms. Ruth Mwili Kimeu; B.Ed M.Ed, PhD (Candidate) P.O. Box 66-90132, Sultan Hamud, Kenya

More information

Influence of Computer-Assisted Roundhouse Diagrams on High School 9th Grade Students Understanding the Subjects of Force and Motion *

Influence of Computer-Assisted Roundhouse Diagrams on High School 9th Grade Students Understanding the Subjects of Force and Motion * Vol. 25, Issue 3, 2014, 283-311 Influence of Computer-Assisted Roundhouse Diagrams on High School 9th Grade Students Understanding the Subjects of Force and Motion * F. KOCAKAYA, S. GÖNEN ABSTRACT: Main

More information

ASSESSMENT OF COMPUTER LITERACY SKILLS AND COMPUTER BASED TESTING ANXIETY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ADAMAWA AND TARABA STATES, NIGERIA.

ASSESSMENT OF COMPUTER LITERACY SKILLS AND COMPUTER BASED TESTING ANXIETY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ADAMAWA AND TARABA STATES, NIGERIA. ASSESSMENT OF COMPUTER LITERACY SKILLS AND COMPUTER BASED TESTING ANXIETY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ADAMAWA AND TARABA STATES, NIGERIA. Dangut, A. J 1. and Dr. John Sakiyo 2. 1. West African Examinations

More information

LEARNING STYLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ENGLISH AS A SECOND-LANGUAGE CLASS IN IRAN

LEARNING STYLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ENGLISH AS A SECOND-LANGUAGE CLASS IN IRAN Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy (BJSEP), Volume 7, Number 2, 2013 LEARNING STYLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ENGLISH AS A SECOND-LANGUAGE CLASS IN IRAN 1 Soghra AKBARI CHERMAHINI,

More information

The Effect of Peripheral Learning Applied in English Instruction on English Idioms Learning

The Effect of Peripheral Learning Applied in English Instruction on English Idioms Learning http://www.eab.org.tr Available online at: http://www.eab.org.tr/public/ijer/3/2/bulent_alci.pdf Educational Research Association The International Journal of Educational Researchers 2012, 3 (3) : 19-34

More information

Rjopes Research Journal in Organizational Psychology & Educational Studies 2(3) 76-83 Rjopes

Rjopes Research Journal in Organizational Psychology & Educational Studies 2(3) 76-83 Rjopes Rjopes Research Journal in Organizational Psychology & Educational Studies 2(3) 76-83 Rjopes Emerging Academy Resources (2013) (ISSN: 2276-8475) www.emergingresource.org ATTITUDE OF TEACHERS AND STUDENTS

More information

A RESEARCH ON GEOMETRY PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGIES USED BY ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS TEACHER CANDIDATES

A RESEARCH ON GEOMETRY PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGIES USED BY ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS TEACHER CANDIDATES A RESEARCH ON GEOMETRY PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGIES USED BY ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS TEACHER CANDIDATES Mustafa Zeki Aydoğdu Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Education İzmir, TURKEY mustafazeki20@hotmail.com

More information

A Study of Efficacy of Apex Learning Cherokee County School District

A Study of Efficacy of Apex Learning Cherokee County School District A Study of Efficacy of Apex Learning Cherokee County School District May 2015 Copyright 2015 Apex Learning Inc. Apex Learning, the Apex Learning logo, ClassTools, ClassTools Achieve, ClassTools Virtual,

More information

An Investigation on Learning of College Students and the Current Application Situation of the Web-based Courses

An Investigation on Learning of College Students and the Current Application Situation of the Web-based Courses 2011 International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (ICCSIT 2011) IPCSIT vol. 51 (2012) (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore DOI: 10.7763/IPCSIT.2012.V51.127 An Investigation on Learning

More information

The Effect of Static Visual Instruction on Students Online Learning: A Pilot Study

The Effect of Static Visual Instruction on Students Online Learning: A Pilot Study Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management Volume 5, 2010 The Effect of Static Visual Instruction on Students Online Learning: A Pilot Study Pao-Nan Chou and Hsi-Chi Hsiao (The

More information

BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS S PERCEPTION OF THE SKILL NEEDS FOR SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA. M. O. BINUOMOTE

BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS S PERCEPTION OF THE SKILL NEEDS FOR SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA. M. O. BINUOMOTE BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS S PERCEPTION OF THE SKILL NEEDS FOR SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA. M. O. BINUOMOTE and OKOLI. B.E Department of Business Education Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki,

More information

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY DEGREE. Educational Leadership Doctor of Philosophy Degree Major Course Requirements. EDU721 (3.

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY DEGREE. Educational Leadership Doctor of Philosophy Degree Major Course Requirements. EDU721 (3. DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY DEGREE Educational Leadership Doctor of Philosophy Degree Major Course Requirements EDU710 (3.0 credit hours) Ethical and Legal Issues in Education/Leadership This course is an intensive

More information

INSIDE ONLINE LEARNING: COMPARING CONCEPTUAL AND TECHNIQUE LEARNING PERFORMANCE IN PLACE-BASED AND ALN FORMATS

INSIDE ONLINE LEARNING: COMPARING CONCEPTUAL AND TECHNIQUE LEARNING PERFORMANCE IN PLACE-BASED AND ALN FORMATS INSIDE ONLINE LEARNING: COMPARING CONCEPTUAL AND TECHNIQUE LEARNING PERFORMANCE IN PLACE-BASED AND ALN FORMATS Drew Parker Faculty of Business Administration Simon Fraser University 8888 University Drive

More information

Meta-Analytic Synthesis of Studies Conducted at Marzano Research Laboratory on Instructional Strategies

Meta-Analytic Synthesis of Studies Conducted at Marzano Research Laboratory on Instructional Strategies Meta-Analytic Synthesis of Studies Conducted at Marzano Research Laboratory on Instructional Strategies By Mark W. Haystead & Dr. Robert J. Marzano Marzano Research Laboratory Englewood, CO August, 2009

More information

COMPARISONS OF CUSTOMER LOYALTY: PUBLIC & PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES.

COMPARISONS OF CUSTOMER LOYALTY: PUBLIC & PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 277 CHAPTER VI COMPARISONS OF CUSTOMER LOYALTY: PUBLIC & PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES. This chapter contains a full discussion of customer loyalty comparisons between private and public insurance companies

More information

Contemporary Issues In Education Research First Quarter 2012 Volume 5, Number 1

Contemporary Issues In Education Research First Quarter 2012 Volume 5, Number 1 The Relationship Between Engineering Students Self-Directed Learning Abilities And Online Learning Performances: A Pilot Study Pao-Nan Chou, National University of Tainan, Taiwan ABSTRACT This study aimed

More information