German Antarctic Receiving Station GARS O Higgins: Remote sensing as core for a broader range of activities

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1 DLR.de Chart 1 > Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile German Antarctic Receiving Station GARS O Higgins: Remote sensing as core for a broader range of activities Kathrin Höppner, Erhard Diedrich German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), Department International Ground Segment Workshop The future of Antarctic Research, November 28-29, 2013, Punta Arenas, Chile

2 DLR.de Chart 2 > Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile Motivation Polar Regions: most sensitive regions of the globe regarding climate change especially the Antarctic Peninsula Temperature enhancement Antarctic Ice Sheet has been losing ice Decrease in sea ice extent and volume DLR is highly interested in doing polar research Outline Overview of DLR s German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD) Overview of current activities at GARS O Higgins Perspectives and future development of GARS O Higgins

3 DLR.de Chart 3 > Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD) of DLR DFD s specific emphasis and core competence is remote sensing DFD is operating an international Ground Station Network for the reception of satellite data DFD s near-polar satellite receiving stations Inuvik (Northern Canada, Arctic) GARS O Higgins (Antarctic Peninsula) DFD s interest in the Arctic/Antarctica Strengthening and further development of these polar stations

4 DLR.de Chart 4 Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile DFD s GARS O Higgins Station (63,3 S / 57,9 W) at the Antarctic Peninsula at Cabo Legoupil at Península Schmidt (200 x 300 m) in direct vicinity of the Chilean Antarctic Base General Bernardo O Higgins Isla Kopaitic Cabo Legoupil DLR-Station GARS O Higgins Península Schmidt

5 GARS O Higgins (OHG) GARS O Higgins 63.3 S / 57.9 W Antarctica DLR

6 GARS O Higgins 63.3 S / 57.9 W Antarctica

7 DLR.de Chart 7 Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile Overview of current activities at GARS O Higgins GARS O Higgins was established in 1991 and is operating year-around since 2010 MoU between Chile (INACH) and Germany (DLR) with BKG* as German partner Core of GARS O Higgins is a 9 m full motion tracking antenna system Satellite data reception Commanding satellites As radio telescope for geodetic VLBI measurements part of the International VLBI Service (IVS) For determination of Earth rotation parameter For monitoring crustal movements For conducting astronomical / astrophysical experiments Supported satellite missions at GARS O Higgins Payload data reception TerraSAR-X, TanDEM-X, ERS-1 (until 2000), ERS-2 (until 2011) Telemetry, Tracking and TerraSAR-X, TanDEM-X, Grace1, Grace2, NEOSSat, TET-1, Cassiope Command (TT&C) support Launch and early orbit phase TanDEM-X, NEOSSat, Cassiope support (LEOP) Other geodetic measurement systems (GPS, sea level measurements), meteorological sensors * BKG = Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy

8 DLR.de Chart 8 Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile GARS O Higgins: perspectives / future development I Ongoing support to German TanDEM-X mission Ongoing support to Polar Space Task Group of WMO Continuation of the TerraSAR-X Background Mission Antarctica Monitoring of the Ice Shelves in Antarctica Support of scientific field campaigns by providing high-resolution radar images (TSX Science Proposal needed) Other satellite missions coming European Sentinel Satellites 1-5 GARS O Higgins is designed to be a Collaborative Ground Station for Sentinel-1 (radar instrument) Areas of focus of the TerraSAR-X Background Mission Antarctica (green) and the coverage up to May 2010 (red)

9 DLR.de Chart 9 Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile GARS O Higgins: perspectives / future development II Establishment of near-real-time (NRT) user services from GARS O Higgins (using TSX-1, TDX-1, Sentinel-1, tbd) Data reception on-site processing generation of specific value-added products data delivery directly from station within approx minutes User-driven NRT services Iceberg and sea ice monitoring Ship detection Sea Wave and Wind Field Monitoring Region of interest between Cape Horn and the Antarctic Peninsula including the Drake Passage Current status technical realization ongoing looking for demonstration cases

10 DLR.de Chart 10 Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile GARS O Higgins: perspectives / future development II Establishment of near-real-time (NRT) user services from GARS O Higgins (using TSX-1, TDX-1, Sentinel-1, tbd) Data reception on-site processing generation of specific value-added products data delivery directly from station within approx minutes User-driven NRT services Iceberg and sea ice monitoring Ship detection Sea Wave and Wind Field Monitoring Region of interest between Cape Horn and the Antarctic Peninsula including the Drake Passage Current status technical realization ongoing looking for demonstration cases TerraSAR-X image ( DLR) Bahia Fildes, King George Island, 11 October, 2013 (23:33:12 UTC)

11 DLR.de Chart 11 Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile GARS O Higgins: perspectives / future development III Reprocessing of long-term data sets received at GARS O Higgins from 1992 onward Interest in atmospheric research at Antarctic Peninsula / GARS O Higgins Troposphere: detection of ship emissions Identification of sources of emission and propagation of trace gases and aerosols in the atmosphere (e.g. volcanoes) Stratosphere: Ozone monitoring Monitoring of water vapour is it increasing? Monitoring of polar stratospheric clouds for a better understanding of ozone depletion Mesosphere: Detection of gravity wave activity (Peninsula as a GW hotspot) Combination of satellite based remote sensing and in-situ measurements at GARS O Higgins (Extension of on-site station activity new long-term instrumentation planned) fostering co-operation with international research partners

12 Thank you for your attention Prepared by the team of International Ground Segment DLR German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD) Oberpfaffenhofen D Wessling Germany Contact: Dr. Kathrin Höppner, Dr. Erhard Diedrich,

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