1 GEORGIAN- POLISH DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION EMBASSY OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND IN GEORGIA
3 GEORGIAN-POLISH DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION EMBASSY OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND IN GEORGIA TBILISI 2010
4 Publication prepared by: Magda Nowakowska, Lech Kończak Graphic designer Nata Kubaneishvili Volume prepared for printing SYNTHESIS ad Tbilisi 2010
5 When Poland rejected communism lots of Western countries came to our aid. We were offered not only financial support, but also experts knowledge and study tours in more developed countries. Today, after almost twenty years, we are proud to help other countries that have chosen freedom. We used to receive support and now we support others. In this way we are somehow paying off the debt that we have accumulated in past. And in this way we are expressing our solidarity. Supporting the development of other countries is a relatively new activity in Polish foreign policy - Poland itself benefited from aid provided by wealthier countries not so long ago. After becoming a member of EU we have adopted its commitments to providing aid to others. Since the beginning of the Polish Development Co-operation Fund s existence, Georgia has been a priority country. During a donors conference in Brussels on October 22nd 2008, Poland pledged 5.3 million euros in aid for Georgia for the years The funds were designated for government administration, territorial self-government units, projects implemented by the Polish Embassy and by NGOs, and as direct bilateral assistance. Key projects were implemented in the fields of supporting the forestry management system, supporting regional development and regional reform and supporting improvement in the childcare system. Special support in the form of direct humanitarian aid was designated after the Georgia-Russia conflict in August As a country with a recent history of difficult reforms, we hope that our experts knowledge and our financial assistance will both contribute to a increase in the standards of living of Georgia s citizens, will strengthen the country s stability and offer modern solutions to the country s problems. We hope that soon Georgia too will be a stable, modern and wealthy country, capable of conveying its experience and financial assistance to developing countries. Urszula Doroszewska Ambassador of the Republic of Poland to Georgia
6 LIST OF CONTENTS 1 SOCIAL SECTOR 9 Supporting Childcare System Reform 10 The Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights Mental Health Care Projects 11 The Global Solidarity Association refugee projects 12 2 ECOLOGY & NATURAL RESOURCES 15 Racha Forest Management Programs 16 Ensuring forest conservation through education and improved management 18 Beekeeping Boosting the Environmental Friendly Development of Rural Areas Around the Mtirala National Park in Georgia 19 3 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT & SELF-GOVERNANCE 21 Supporting regional policy 22 Strengthening the administration capacity of Georgia 23 Sustainable development of self-government communities in chosen regions of Georgia 24 Regio-Tamar: Self-government Across Divides Project 25 Proposition of modern methods of public administration management for Georgia 25 The Best Polish Practices of Inter-sector Co-operation - Motivation Power for Georgian Local Development 26 Management, participation, education a new road for Georgian self-governance 26
7 Internship for Georgian local public administration employees 27 Developing a Model of Professional support for local governments 28 WING (W) inclusion policy in Georgian local government 28 Poznan Kutaisi cooperative projects 29 4 EDUCATION 31 Helping Georgia To Develop: Focus on Education 32 Information Society Development Foundation Project for Imereti Librarians 33 Pre-school education projects 34 5 AGRICULTURE 37 Pomorski Agricultural Advisory Centre s Agricultural Projects in Georgia 38 Creating agricultural producer groups that use natural and ecological potential of rural areas as a way to raise Georgian farmers incomes 39 Local and ecological product and rural tourism as an opportunity for small family households in Georgia 39 6 ADMINISTRATION & INTERIOR 41 Strengthening reception and detention capacities of the migration services of Georgia 42 Polish-Georgian Judges Conference 42 Strengthening operational cooperation between the Border Police of Georgia 43 Higher Police School Szczytno project 44
9 SOCIAL SECTOR Supporting Childcare System Reform The Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights Mental Health Care Projects The Global Solidarity Association refugee projects
10 10 SOCIAL SECTOR Supporting Childcare System Reform Our Home Association has been present in Georgia since late 2007, when the first presentation was made on the experiences in deinstitutionalization and the introduction of prevention and foster care programs in Poland and other surrounding countries. In 2008, Our Home cooperated with Save the Children Georgia to prepare greater participation in the overall reform of the family welfare system. In 2009, Our Home started its first Georgian project using Polish Aid funds implementing the training of trainers of the Individual Planning Method casework methodology used in transformed children homes and new small group homes. The Association focused on the transformation program of chosen children homes including Dighomi, Saguramo, Tbilisi
11 11 Infant Home, Tskhneti and other children homes. In 2010, Our Home initiated a substantial program aimed at applying Polish experiences of casework methodology to reform the child welfare system in Georgia. The program included trainings for care-givers in several institutions, consultations with teams of Georgian specialists employed in those institutions, a study trip of Georgian officials and specialists to Poland (to see Polish models of deinstitutionalization). Our Home specialists also cooperated with the Georgian Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Affairs to prepare new steps in reform and standards of family crisis prevention services, as well as organizational and methodological standards of out-of-home care for children. The knowledge and experience of Our Home Association, described often as the Polish Model in Georgia, appears to have had an impact on the elaboration of Georgia s own way in reforming the system of support to vulnerable children and families. The Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights Mental Health Care Projects Within the Polish Foreign Assistance program, The Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights Warsaw, implemented two projects in Georgia aimed at improving the care of mentally ill and mentally handicapped children: Human rights standards in case of children with mental disorders and intellectual disabilities in Georgia in 2009; and Education and care in case of children with intellectual disabilities in Georgia in On their first visit to Georgia, Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights experts noted enormous problems with negligence in child psychiatry, lack of specialist psychiatric centres for children, outdated methods for diagnosing mentally disabled children and children neglected by their families, and a lack of an efficient system of special education to facilitate the adaptation of the disabled to function in society. During the project s first year in Tbilisi, 40 care center employees were educated for children in Senaki, Khachreti, Zemebo Bode and Tbilisi/Qerchi. The seminars covered issues such as: The right of mentally disabled people to use means to ensure their independence; social and professional integration as well as participation in society; early diagnostics of mental disability (including regulations for psychological and pedagogical center employees on issuing diagnostic opinions and decisions); the roles of psychiatrists within the care of mentally disabled; a system for special education (integrational, general) from the point of view of chances, limitations, threats and observance of fundamental rights and freedoms based on the European and Polish experience.
12 12 SOCIAL SECTOR In the second year, 50 employees from two selected special schools attended two 6-day seminars, which covered methods of alternative communication, functional diagnostics and development of individual treatment programs for mentally disabled children. 12 seminar participants were invited to take part in a 7-day study tour in Poland where they participated in the work of various centers for children and youth, got to know the processes for issuing opinions, diagnosing and providing early childhood care. They also became acquainted with the system of special and intergrational education and the care system at social welfare centers. The Global Solidarity Association refugee projects The Global Solidarity Association has executed projects for the benefit of Georgia since 2009, co-financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland. Partners include the Volunteer Centre in Lublin, the Youth Pastoral Centre in Lublin and the NGO IDP Women s Association CONSENT in Tbilisi, Georgia. The 2009 project was Towards integration volunteer academy and social initiatives for internal refugees and other socially excluded groups in Georgia. The 2010 project was Volunteer academy and vocational courses for internal refugees and other socially excluded groups in Georgia. The aim of these projects was to improve the quality of internally displaced persons (IDPs) lives by consolidating their competitiveness in the local labor market. Courses have been carried out in six locations: Tbilisi, Gori, Borjomi, Gardabani, Tskaltubo and Ianeti. IDPs participate in handicraft and computer workshops, and tailoring and carpenter courses. Equip-
13 13 ment essential for workshops, including computers, printers, sewing machines and carpenters accessories, was provided within the framework of the project. In one location a daycentre for IDP s children is run, while in two others, nurse s work is subsidized. The trainers of all courses are Georgian. In 2009, 120 people participated in various courses. The current project aims to train over 400 IDPs in The projects also contribute to the development of civil society in Georgia. Three trainings have been held in the area of organizing and managing voluntary works for 60 people recruited by partner organization, IDP Women s Association CONSENT. A group of 12 Georgians also visited Poland, where they participated in the workshop, Environmental analysis and models for active forms of the labour market support. Georgian participants met with representatives of NGOs and program coordinators for the socially excluded, conducted by volunteers in Lublin. They also visited the Centre of Environmental Activity, the Centre for Refugees in Lublin and a social enterprise run by the Emaus Association.
15 ECOLOGY & NATURAL RESOURCES Racha Forest Management Programs Ensuring forest conservation through education and improved management Beekeeping Boosting the Environmental Friendly Development of Rural Areas Around the Mtirala National Park in Georgia
16 16 ECOLOGY & NATURAL RESOURCES Racha Forest Management Programs The Forest Research Institute of Poland has implemented two forest development projects in Georgia from , in coordination with the Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of Georgia, and with financing from Poland s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The programs, Introduction to elaboration of comprehensive basics to forest management in Georgia s Racha region and the Elaboration of concept of forestry management model in Georgia by example of the Racha region are considered the first steps in long-term cooperation between the Polish and Georgian forest sectors. The aim of the programs is to support Georgian forestry transition and create forest management on the basis of sustainable and multifunctional use of forests; taking into
17 17 account economic demands as well as forest protection issues. Moreover, the projects elaborate a basis of correct forest management in Georgia s Racha region, based on Poland s deep experience in this field. Polish experts of silviculture, forest economy, forest use and inventory acquainted themselves with the Georgian model of forestry and forests in Racha region, while 13 employees of the Georgian Forestry Department of the Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources made two visits to study forest management principles in Poland. Field trips included the forest districts Szklarska Poręba, Ujsoły and Cisna in which the hosts presented practical aspects of forestry in mountain conditions, various management activities and their results. Guests were also introduced to the ecological education system in Karkonoski and Bieszczadzki National Park. Tbilisi training sessions designed for employees of the forestry sector included basic knowledge of seedlings production, regeneration and tending of forests, forest policy and economy, forest management and inventory. The emphasis was on issues that could be implemented in Georgian forestry.
18 18 ECOLOGY & NATURAL RESOURCES Ensuring forest conservation through education and improved management The Embassy of the Republic of Poland, Georgia, Black Sea Eco Academy and the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Georgia, has developed a 3-year action plan with partners, the Institute of Mining and Forestry of Georgia and Department of Forestry of Georgia. The overall objective of proposed action is to foster sustainable forest management in Georgia through capacity development, resource use planning and monitoring issues; establishment of forest vocation education system; improvement of access to education and information on forest management and ecosystem services for the representatives of local population potentially involved in forest management locally.
19 19 Beekeeping Boosting the Environmental Friendly Development of Rural Areas Around the Mtirala National Park in Georgia The project was implemented by the World Wildlife Foundation. The main goal of this project was to develop sustainable beekeeping that contributes to the overall goal of improving the economic situation of farmers in areas around Mtirala National Park in Georgia and consisted of three main activities: 1. Establishing a bee-farmers association. The Adjaria Sustainable Development Association was established with an Apiary Section. The project helped prepare a 3-year business development plan. 2. Increase association members knowledge of honey production. Two training courses for 15 experienced and highly motivated beekeepers living around the Mtirala National Park were carried out. The courses provided a fundamental knowledge base necessary for proper initiation and development of honey production as a business initiative. A facilitation component for further planning and development of the honey business was included and a guide-book on honey production was also published. 3. Arrangement of basic infrastructure for standardized honey production. The project also aimed to facilitate locally produced standardized bee-hives and beeswax frames to reduce the risk of infections from the other regions and significantly lower the production costs, making products attractive for the local population. A workshop equipped with first-rate tools was provided to the Adjara Sustainable Development Association.
21 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT & SELF-GOVERNANCE Supporting regional policy Strengthening the administration capacity of Georgia Sustainable development of self-government communities in chosen regions of Georgia Regio-Tamar: Self-government Across Divides Project Proposition of modern methods of public administration management for Georgia The Best Polish Practices of Inter-sector Co-operation - Motivation Power for Georgian Local Development Management, participation, education a new road for Georgian self-governance Internship for Georgian local public administration employees Developing a Model of Professional support for local governments WING (W) inclusion policy in Georgian local government Poznan Kutaisi cooperative projects
22 22 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT & SELF-GOVERNANCE Supporting regional policy The Ministry of Regional Development of the Republic of Poland (MRD) implemented two projects with cooperation from the Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure of Georgia (MRDI) and the Ministry of Finance and Economy of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara in Georgia, which cooperates with the Marshall s Office of Pomorskie Voivodeship in Gdańsk. Both MRD projects were implemented within the European Eastern partnership initiative and co-financed from Polish aid funds provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The 2009 project was Strengthening of public administration capacity in Georgia in the scope of regional policy and European affairs. This was directed primarily at representatives of the Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure of Georgia (MRDI) and other Georgian central and regional administrative institutions involved in the process of planning and implementing regional development policies. The project s main objective was to introduce practical experiences and solutions tested in Polish conditions to help increase the efficiency of Georgian administrations at the central and regional levels. The 2010 project was Strengthening of public administration capacity in Georgia in the scope of management and monitoring system of preparation of regional development programmes and infrastructural projects. This aimed to improve the Georgian public administrative process of preparing strategic documents and infrastructural projects in the context of emerging development challenges and trends in Georgia. The MRD project was instrumental in supporting the Regional Development Strategy of Georgia, adopted by the Government of Georgia in June 2010 and provided direct contact at the central level and between Polish and Georgian regions.
23 23 Strengthening the administration capacity of Georgia Since 2008, the Chancellery of the Prime Minister of Poland (CPM) has supported regional development in Georgia by carrying out projects co-financed with the Polish Aid Programme of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 2008, in close cooperation with The Center for Effective Governance System and Territorial Arrangement Reform in Georgia (CEGSTAR), the CPM implemented the project Strengthening the administration capacity of Georgia in the field of governance decentralization, public finance and regional development. Cooperation continued in 2009 and 2010 with the joint projects, Supporting the Georgian Government in implementation of a Regional Development Strategy in the field of decentralization and human resources development and Strengthening the process of human resources development in the framework of supporting the Government of Georgia in Regional Development Strategy implementation. The entire amount of support from Polish Aid resources for was 1,25 mln PLN (approx. 406,500 USD). This amount enabled CPM to organize training for over 200 Georgian public administration representatives, carry out traineeship programs for almost 30 Georgian civil servants, complete study visits and fact finding missions to Georgia for over 20 Polish public administration representatives and host approximately 30 Georgian officials for study visits to Poland.
24 24 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT & SELF-GOVERNANCE Sustainable development of self-government communities in chosen regions of Georgia The Foundation for Sustainable Development (FER), together with Tkibuli District Development Fund (TDDF) and Czech organization People in Need (PIN), implemented a project in 2008 called, Sustainable development of self-government communities in chosen regions of Georgia. The main goal of the project was the comprehensive development of rural areas through the support of small enterprises and the development of tourism based on the natural and historical advantages of the Tkibuli and Kazbegi regions. Project activities included developing the first hiking route in the region from Kutaisi to the famous monastery complexes, Motsameta and Gelati (included on the UNESCO World Heritage List). Along the route, agrotouristic farms financed by micro-grants were created. Materials promoting the region and its attractions were created: a Tkibuli leaflet and the website Additionally, a variety of courses and trainings were conducted (computer and language courses, seminars on bee-keeping, agrotourism and business plans preparation). A number of bee-keepers were supported with essential equipment in the frames of micro-grants. Representatives of local authorities and NGOs took part in a study visit to Poland, where they familiarized themselves with the best practices in the field of rural tourism, promotion of local products and creation of cross-sectoral partner groups working for the development of the regions. One of the results of the project was the creation of the Agritourism Development Center Korena in Korena was established by our beneficiaries, with the support of PIN and cooperation of FER. The center continues to work on the development of agrotourism in the Tkibuli region.
25 25 Regio-Tamar: Self-government Across Divides Project Proposition of modern methods of public administration management for Georgia The Department of Economy of the President s Office of the Wielkopolska Region in Poznań, in cooperation with the Wielkopolska Region Brussels Office and the Szczecin Association for Economic Development of Municipalities, designed the Regio-Tamar project to train Georgian partners on how to draft investment offers and apply for EU funding. The project was implemented with funding from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, under the 2008 Polish Foreign Aid Programme. Beneficiaries of the project have been Georgian self-government officials from the Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Kvemo-Kartli, Samtskhe-Javakheti and Adjara regions, Tbilisi, and the Georgian Association of Local Officials (SATMA). An added result of the Regio-Tamar project was the drafting of the manual European Neighbourhood Policy: Options for co-financing projects for Georgian self-governments with UE funds. The manual was prepared by the Wielkopolska Region Brussels Office, and published in Georgian, English and Polish and is available on the Wielkopolska Office in Brussels website: In 2008, the Town Hall of Kraśnik, Poland, developed the Proposition of modern methods of public administration management for Georgia, in cooperation with the Foundation in Support of Local Democracy, Regional Centre Lublin, and the NGO Student-Youth Council from Ozurgeti, Georgia. The project s aim was to provide Polish experiences of transparent, friendly management systems in self-governing for administrations and local communities by presenting the Polish programmes, Transparent Municipality and Transparent Poland. The project s results were: - Study/workshop visits for members of the Georgian delegation in town halls and institutions in Kraśnik, Lublin and Łęczna; - The international conference: Euroregion as a way to the sustainable development of border regions ; - Information and course meetings in the Guria (Georgia) region for more than 100 representatives of self-government, NGOs and the local community; - The publication Proposition of modern methods of public administration management for Georgia (http://www.frdl.lublin.pl/uploader/brochure1.pdf); - Service cards for the Ozurgeti municipality creation and publication. Additional results include the signing of an intentional Kraśnik Ozurgeti letter, signing a cooperation contract between FRDL RO in Lublin and the NGO Student-Youth Council from Ozurgeti.
26 26 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT & SELF-GOVERNANCE The Best Polish Practices of Inter-sector Co-operation - Motivation Power for Georgian Local Development In 2009, the Town Hall of Kraśnik, Poland, followed up on its 2008 project with Best Polish Practices of Inter-sector Co-operation - Motivation Power for Georgian Local Development with the Foundation in Support of Local Democracy Regional Centre Lublin, and the Student-Youth Council, Municipality of Ozurgeti, Guria Agribusiness Center, Horticultural Cooperation in Boby, Poland, and Caucasus Consulting, Rzeszów, Poland. The project s aim was to develop local self-government and support initiatives in agricultural districts of Georgia by using Polish experience gained from its own successfully completed process of administrative reforms, free-market economy mechanism, inter-sector cooperation and establishing local partnerships. Another objective was to share experiences with self-government in the Guria region with all Polish actions within Transparent Poland and the implementation of the model 6 rules of good managing. Management, participation, education a new road for Georgian self-governance Managerial Initiatives Foundation is a relatively new NGO whose members have extensive professional experience in public administration, business and NGO sectors. The main partners in the project were the Center for Effective Governance System and Territorial Arrangement Reform (Georgia), Kolegium Europy Wschodniej im. Jana Nowaka Jeziorańskiego (Poland) and the Polish-American Freedom Foundation (Poland). The idea behind the 2008 project Management, participation, education a new road for Georgian self-governance was to introduce improvements in three spheres of self-government: office management, participation, and educational programs for clerks. The main aim of the project was to strengthen positive sides of the transition in Georgian self-governance by improving office functioning, civil servant qualifications, and creating mechanisms for cooperation between self-government and NGOs. The approach was to transfer Polish knowledge and experience in the system of self-governance, its transformation and managerial solutions to Georgia. The methods of support included trainings, workshops, consultations and study visits. A digital publication, drawing from the Polish experience, highlighted the basic guidelines in the fields of management, participation, education, and developmental planning, constitute a ready-made tool for Georgian self-government to use. Project activities were implemented both in Georgia (Tbilisi, Terjola, Tkibuli), and in Poland (Lubelskie, Podkarpackie and Mazowieckie administrative districts). During the study visits, representatives of the Polish state administration, self-government and NGOs, shared their experience with Georgian colleagues.
27 27 Internship for Georgian local public administration employees For several years, the foundation Partners for Local governments has been committed to supporting Georgian local governments. The 2008 project, Internship for Georgian local public administration employees was co-financed and implemented under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs program Development Aid The main objective of the project was to help improve the quality of governance in selected areas of local government units in Georgia. The project aimed to help create a professional staff that would be able to provide substantial changes in the work quality of the local public administration. The professional staff should also be able to prepare projects incorporating modern solutions within the government units that are entitled to participate in the program. One-month internships were provided to 10 representatives of various Georgian local government units and took place in 5 local Polish government units in the Wielkopolska region. Additionally, a 5-day training session was provided on methodology issues necessary to initiate a project implementation process.
28 28 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT & SELF-GOVERNANCE Developing a Model of Professional support for local governments WING (W) inclusion policy in Georgian local government The pilot project, We focus on quality Developing a Model of Professional support for local governments and the Third Sector in selected Georgian regions in the light of decentralization, was launched in the Samtskhe-Javakheti and Imereti regions in May The main objective was to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of local Georgian governments and NGO s in the field of social welfare. Polish assistance has contributed to the creation of a professional staff designated to provide services in the area of social welfare, as well as the design of a code of conduct and comprehensive methodology in the field of social welfare. A visit of experts helped identify problems and establish targets. A training program was then designed for 120 project beneficiaries for the Samtskhe-Javakheti and Imereti regions. Project participants were employees of local government units and NGO s principally engaged in the social welfare sphere. They became familiarized with the methodology and tools necessary in their daily work. The trainings also showed NGO participants how to improve the efficiency of their operations, fundraising, and a model for cooperation with local governments in the field of social welfare. Particular emphasis was placed on the issues of cooperation between the Third Sector and the local governments. A summary report, translated into Georgian, was prepared by a group of experts and contained a detail diagnosis of the situation and a set of recommendations in the area of social assistance to Georgia. This project was implemented by the City of Bydgoszcz, with partners the Municipality of Terjona (Georgia), the Association of Local Democracy Agencies (ALDA), the Local Democracy Agency Georgia (LDA Georgia). The overall aim of the 2010 project was to support the processes of democratization and building civil society in Georgia on the local level by transferring experiences in the creation of inclusive communities. The concept includes sustainable development, combining economic growth with equality, contributes to empowering local level civil servants, managers and leaders in skills and competences required to shape an inclusive society. Project activities included: 5-day training session for 5 Georgian representatives in Bydgoszcz along with study visits to respective organizations and institutions working with marginalized groups; Polish-Georgian roundtable on prospect initiatives dedicated to inclusive public policy on the local level; attempt to implement good Bydgoszcz practices at the local levels in Georgia in the form of an action plan drawn on the basis of the training; publication and dissemination campaign on results of the training, along with good practices from the Bydgoszcz local government within the Georgian local governments undertaken by the ALDA office with co-operation of LDA division in Georgia.
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