What is the function of the spinal column?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "What is the function of the spinal column?"

Transcription

1 What is the function of the spinal column? Stability The function of the human spinal column is above all to stabilise the head, the upper body, and walking upright. Primarily responsible for this are the vertebrae. These are box-shaped bones, which by virtue of their construction are particularly resistant to downward forces such as occur in jumping, but also in climbing stairs or while walking. Mechanical protection The vertebrae and the vertebral arches form a canal in which the spinal cord and the nerve endings are contained and protected from external influences. Shock absorption and mobility "Shock absorbers", the intervertebral discs, lie between the vertebrae to cushion impact forces, and, together with the vertebral joints, to make it possible for the torso to turn, stretch and bend.

2 The slipped disc The intervertebral disc is flat, and consists of a fibrous outer ring (annulus fibrosus) and a gelatinous inner core (nucleus pulposus). Under stress, this structure works like a water cushion, distributing pressure evenly over the neighbouring vertebrae. If the fibrous ring and the gelatinous core become loose, which can happen for a wide variety of reasons, the high pressure on the disc and the weight of the body make the disc bulge forward towards the spinal canal and the nerve ending. If the fibrous outer ring tears, disc tissue can protrude into the spinal canal (slipped disc or prolapse). This leads to compression of the passing nerve endings, which results in: back pain pain spreading into the legs sensory disturbances (numbness) paralysis disturbance to urination, defecation and sexual function.

3 IIn the overwhelming majority of cases it is the 5th and 4th lumbar discs which are affected, and more rarely the 3rd and 2nd. The precise diagnosis will be made by the doctor from the patient's previous history, from the clinical examination and from imaging techniques. Computer tomography In most cases, a slipped disc can be diagnosed using computer tomography (CT), a form of x-ray examination which makes the individual structures of the spinal canal, i.e. the bones, the dural sheath, the nerves and the prolapse directly visible. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging It is becoming more and more common to use nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMR, MRI), a relatively new examination which does not involve x-raying the patient, to diagnose a slipped disc. Medullography If the findings are still not clear, we carry out a medullographic examination. This is an examination using a contrast medium, and involves introducing a needle into the spinal canal and extracting nerve fluid for chemical examination in the laboratory to exclude the possibility of other illnesses. Then the contrast medium is injected. X-ray images now show the exact site of the prolapse. The contrast medium is expelled from the body through the kidneys within 6 to 8 hours. After undergoing medullography, the patient should lie down for 2-3 hours and subsequently drink a lot of fluid. Occasional complications are headaches and muscular spasms in the legs, and very rarely hypersensitive reactions to the contrast medium can occur.

4 Many cases of slipped disc can be treated conservatively (rest, pain relief, therapeutic exercises, physiotherapy). However, if pain or paralysis symptoms (slight paralysis in the legs, numbness) persist despite adequate treatment of this kind, surgery should be considered. If severe paralysis and/or bladder, rectum or sexual function disturbances occur, surgery must be performed immediately, since the danger otherwise exists that these functions, e.g. control of the bladder, will be lost permanently.

5 Slipped disc surgery The aim of the operation is to alleviate the pain and to cure any paralysis or sensory disturbance which existed before the operation. Since the introduction of microsurgery methods, the operation has become less traumatic, safer and more successful. An incision 3-4 cm long is made in the skin, the fascia of the back are cut into lengthways and the muscles in the back are detached using a non-sharp instrument. With special instrumentation the surgeon now makes a tubeshaped access to the spinal column and opens the spinal canal with the help of a surgical microscope. Under strong magnification the slipped disc can be clearly seen and removed. The remaining degenerated disc tissue is then removed from the intervertebral space, relieving the compressed nerve ending which can now recover. After bleeding has been carefully stopped, the various layers of the wound are closed and the operation is over. (Surgery normally lasts for 1-1 1/2 hours.) In 90-95% of cases the operation is performed without complications. However, the following complications can rise in a few cases: infection 2% secondary bleeding 1-2% increase in paralysis symptoms (mostly only temporary) 3-5% injury to the surface of the nerve 2% In extremely rare cases injury can occur to the abdominal organs in front of the intervertebral disc (e.g. abdominal vessels).

6 What happens after the operation? After your slipped disc surgery the stability of your spine is ensured in every case. It is therefore important to get you "on your feet" as quickly as possible, while at the same time not putting any strain on the wound. In principle, you can get out of bed for a short time on the day of the operation itself and go to the toilet accompanied, as long as your doctor does not give instructions to the contrary. The following day you will begin your physiotherapy exercise programme to strengthen your abdominal and back muscles, and you will be given instructions on movements which are good for the spine. You should carry on with these exercises long-term after you have left hospital and returned home. The rapid relief from pain which most patients experience after microsurgery brings some dangers with it. Many patients become careless and put their spine under strain too early. This can give rise to a very intensive, local pain, which only goes away again after a comparatively long resumed resting period - i.e. strict bed rest. We therefore ask our patients to follow the instructions given below and thereby contribute to their own rapid recovery. From the first day after the operation, you may sit up. However, longer periods of sitting may lead to unspecified aches and pains. For the first 6 weeks, you should avoid sitting on deep sofas and sitting for a long time in the car. You should also avoid carrying heavy objects during this period. Activities which lead to pain in the back or legs should be reduced. Your wound: your wound will only hurt for the first few days. The stitches are removed on the 7th or 8th day after the operation. If your wound is healing normally, you may have a shower from the 5th day, with a waterproof plaster protecting your wound. Many patients experience sciatic-type pain, similar to the pain they had before surgery, between the 4th and the 7th day after the operation, but this pain quickly disappears again, and you should not be worried by it. Paralysis: paralysis or sensory disturbances which existed before surgery do not disappear immediately after the operation. It can often take weeks or months for this to return to normal, depending on the extent of damage to the nerves.

7 Correct behaviour after discharge After you have been discharged from hospital (if no complications have arisen, between 3 and 7 days after the operation), the doctor who referred you to hospital or your GP should continue your treatment (physiotherapy, exercises, medication if necessary). The treatment you receive will be tailored to your needs. The therapeutic exercises you learnt in hospital should be performed for 5 to 10 minutes twice a day. You may now go for short walks, increasing the distance from day to day. The success of slipped disc surgery depends quite fundamentally on the patient's own sensible behaviour. For 4 to 6 weeks you should avoid any heavy physical straining or bending of the spine. Sleeping: there are no special restrictions concerning sleeping. You can sleep in whatever position and on whatever mattress is comfortable for you. Sport: in the first 4-6 weeks, you should avoid sporting activities (apart from walking). About 85-90% of patients return to full health and fitness after the operation. After this time, you may return to work and take part in most types of sport. The best activities for you are swimming, gymnastics, cross country running, rambling. You should normally refrain from certain sports such as riding, throwing sports, judo, football and karate in the first 4-6 months. The most important deciding factor in your particular case is once again your own sensible assessment of what you are physically capable of and avoiding placing any unreasonable strain on your body. Fitness for work: You will probably be unfit for work for about 4-6 weeks after you have been discharged from hospital. This also applies to housework. If you are still experiencing any residual pain or discomfort after this time, this can mean that a longer recuperation period is necessary. Fitness for work obviously depends on the amount of physical strain involved in the job you do. Heavy physical work should not be resumed until about 3 months after your operation. Having to retrain for another job is only necessary in a few exceptional cases. Sex: No special restrictions (avoid heavy physical stress). What else should be avoided in the first three months? Abrupt bending, lifting from a bending forward position, fast turning movements, working in the garden, sitting or driving for long periods, carrying heavy shopping, walking too far. In this rest and recuperation phase you should take care to eat sensibly, since putting on weight places a strain on your back.

8 Residual symptoms and relapse operations Residual symptoms If paralysis or sensory disturbance has existed for too long before surgery, there is a possibility that it will not cure itself completely. Despite improvements in the operating technique, it must generally be reckoned with that about 10% of patients do not lose their symptoms entirely. More or less pronounced dull back pain can persist, as well as shooting or burning pains in the legs. If this occurs, you should definitely return for an out-patient examination (please telephone in advance) to find out whether any other discs have become damaged. Relapse operations During your stay in hospital or afterwards, another prolapse - called a relapse - can occur and cause new, severe pain. Remaining pieces of the removed disc or the fibrous ring can put renewed pressure on the nerve endings. Although the danger of this happening is slight, a relapse after slipped disc surgery must be regarded as representing a certain risk which has to be taken into account. It occurs in 5-8% of all patients undergoing surgery. It is also possible for neighbouring intervertebral discs to become damaged, making further surgery necessary. Such a case, however, is not considered as a relapse, but rather as a new illness. These are all general recommendations, which may be subject to modification in particular circumstances, since each case is different and each patient therefore requires individual treatment. We would ask you to return to our out-patient department 8 weeks after you have been discharged from our hospital. If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact us

Open Discectomy. North American Spine Society Public Education Series

Open Discectomy. North American Spine Society Public Education Series Open Discectomy North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is Open Discectomy? Open discectomy is the most common surgical treatment for ruptured or herniated discs of the lumbar spine.

More information

.org. Herniated Disk in the Lower Back. Anatomy. Description

.org. Herniated Disk in the Lower Back. Anatomy. Description Herniated Disk in the Lower Back Page ( 1 ) Sometimes called a slipped or ruptured disk, a herniated disk most often occurs in your lower back. It is one of the most common causes of low back pain, as

More information

Herniated Lumbar Disc

Herniated Lumbar Disc Herniated Lumbar Disc North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is a Herniated Disc? The spine is made up of a series of connected bones called vertebrae. The disc is a combination of strong

More information

Orthopaedic Spine Center. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) Normal Discs

Orthopaedic Spine Center. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) Normal Discs Orthopaedic Spine Center Graham Calvert MD James Woodall MD PhD Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) Normal Discs The cervical spine consists of the bony vertebrae, discs, nerves and other structures.

More information

Herniated Disk. This reference summary explains herniated disks. It discusses symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options.

Herniated Disk. This reference summary explains herniated disks. It discusses symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options. Herniated Disk Introduction Your backbone, or spine, has 24 moveable vertebrae made of bone. Between the bones are soft disks filled with a jelly-like substance. These disks cushion the vertebrae and keep

More information

SPINAL STENOSIS Information for Patients WHAT IS SPINAL STENOSIS?

SPINAL STENOSIS Information for Patients WHAT IS SPINAL STENOSIS? SPINAL STENOSIS Information for Patients WHAT IS SPINAL STENOSIS? The spinal canal is best imagined as a bony tube through which nerve fibres pass. The tube is interrupted between each pair of adjacent

More information

Primary and revision lumbar discectomy. (nerve root decompression)

Primary and revision lumbar discectomy. (nerve root decompression) Primary and revision lumbar discectomy (nerve root decompression) The aim of this leaflet is to help answer some of the questions you may have about having a lumbar discectomy. It explains the benefits,

More information

Patient Information. Anterior Cervical Surgery. Here to help. Respond Deliver & Enable

Patient Information. Anterior Cervical Surgery. Here to help. Respond Deliver & Enable Here to help Our Health Information Centre (HIC) provides advice and information on a wide range of health-related topics. We also offer: Services for people with disabilities. Information in large print,

More information

Surgery for cervical disc prolapse or cervical osteophyte

Surgery for cervical disc prolapse or cervical osteophyte Mr Paul S. D Urso MBBS(Hons), PhD, FRACS Neurosurgeon Provider Nº: 081161DY Epworth Centre Suite 6.1 32 Erin Street Richmond 3121 Tel: 03 9421 5844 Fax: 03 9421 4186 AH: 03 9483 4040 email: paul@pauldurso.com

More information

Herniated Disk in the Lower Back

Herniated Disk in the Lower Back Nader M. Hebela, MD Fellow of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthodoc.aaos.org/hebela Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi Neurological Institute Al Maryah Island

More information

A Patient s Guide to Artificial Cervical Disc Replacement

A Patient s Guide to Artificial Cervical Disc Replacement A Patient s Guide to Artificial Cervical Disc Replacement Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults are diagnosed with Cervical Disc Degeneration, an upper spine condition that can cause pain and numbness

More information

Options for Cervical Disc Degeneration A Guide to the Fusion Arm of the M6 -C Artificial Disc Study

Options for Cervical Disc Degeneration A Guide to the Fusion Arm of the M6 -C Artificial Disc Study Options for Cervical Disc Degeneration A Guide to the Fusion Arm of the M6 -C Artificial Disc Study Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults are diagnosed with Cervical Disc Degeneration, an upper spine

More information

Temple Physical Therapy

Temple Physical Therapy Temple Physical Therapy A General Overview of Common Neck Injuries For current information on Temple Physical Therapy related news and for a healthy and safe return to work, sport and recreation Like Us

More information

If you or a loved one have suffered because of a negligent error during spinal surgery, you will be going through a difficult time.

If you or a loved one have suffered because of a negligent error during spinal surgery, you will be going through a difficult time. If you or a loved one have suffered because of a negligent error during spinal surgery, you will be going through a difficult time. You may be worried about your future, both in respect of finances and

More information

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Introduction Low back and leg pain caused by pinched nerves in the back is a common condition that limits your ability to move, walk, and work. This condition

More information

Spine University s Guide to Kinetic MRIs Detect Disc Herniations

Spine University s Guide to Kinetic MRIs Detect Disc Herniations Spine University s Guide to Kinetic MRIs Detect Disc Herniations 2 Introduction Traditionally, doctors use a procedure called magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose disc injuries. Kinetic magnetic

More information

Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults are diagnosed with Cervical Disc Degeneration, The Cervical Spine. What is the Cervical Spine?

Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults are diagnosed with Cervical Disc Degeneration, The Cervical Spine. What is the Cervical Spine? Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults are diagnosed with Cervical Disc Degeneration, an upper spine condition that can cause pain and numbness in the neck, shoulders, arms, and even hands. This patient

More information

Posterior Cervical Decompression

Posterior Cervical Decompression Posterior Cervical Decompression Spinal Unit Tel: 01473 702032 or 702097 Issue 2: January 2009 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon, you have been diagnosed with a

More information

Herniated Cervical Disc

Herniated Cervical Disc Herniated Cervical Disc North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is a Herniated Disc? The backbone, or spine, is composed of a series of connected bones called vertebrae. The vertebrae

More information

Lumbar Spine Fusion (1 of 5)

Lumbar Spine Fusion (1 of 5) Lumbar Spine Fusion (1 of 5) i If you need this information in another language or medium (audio, large print, etc) please contact the Customer Care Team on 0800 374 208 email: customercare@ salisbury.nhs.uk.

More information

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Copyright 2009 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Almost everyone will experience low back pain at some point in their lives. A common cause of low back pain is lumbar spinal

More information

Patient Information. Lumbar Spine Segmental Decompression. Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust

Patient Information. Lumbar Spine Segmental Decompression. Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust Lumbar Spine Segmental Decompression Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust Patient Information Lumbar Spine Segmental Decompression Reference Number: TO 05 004 004 (version date: June 2015) Introduction

More information

Patient Information. Posterior Cervical Surgery. Here to help. Respond Deliver & Enable

Patient Information. Posterior Cervical Surgery. Here to help. Respond Deliver & Enable Here to help Our Health Information Centre (HIC) provides advice and information on a wide range of health-related topics. We also offer: Services for people with disabilities. Information in large print,

More information

This is my information booklet: Introduction

This is my information booklet: Introduction Hip arthroscopy is a relatively new procedure which allows the surgeon to diagnose and treat hip disorders by providing a clear view of the inside of the hip with very small incisions. This is a more complicated

More information

Inguinal Hernia (Female)

Inguinal Hernia (Female) Inguinal Hernia (Female) WHAT IS AN INGUINAL HERNIA? 2 WHAT CAUSES AN INGUINAL HERNIA? 2 WHAT DOES TREATMENT / MANAGEMENT INVOLVE? 3 DAY SURGERY MANAGEMENT 3 SURGICAL REPAIR 4 WHAT ARE THE RISKS/COMPLICATIONS

More information

Spine University s Guide to Cauda Equina Syndrome

Spine University s Guide to Cauda Equina Syndrome Spine University s Guide to Cauda Equina Syndrome 2 Introduction Your spine is a very complicated part of your body. It s made up of the bones (vertebrae) that keep it aligned, nerves that channel down

More information

Discectomy. Information for patients Orthopaedics - Spinal Physiotherapy

Discectomy. Information for patients Orthopaedics - Spinal Physiotherapy Discectomy Information for patients Orthopaedics - Spinal Physiotherapy Introduction We have written this booklet to explain how you can prepare for your operation and to give you advice on your recovery

More information

Patient Guide to Lower Back Surgery

Patient Guide to Lower Back Surgery The following is a sampling of products offered by Zimmer Spine for use in Open Lumbar Fusion procedures. Patient Guide to Lower Back Surgery Open Lumbar Fusion Dynesys The Dynesys Dynamic Stabilization

More information

Preventing & Treating Low Back Pain

Preventing & Treating Low Back Pain Preventing & Treating Low Back Pain An Introduction to Low Back Pain Low back pain is the number two reason that Americans see a health care practitioner second only to colds and flu. While most people

More information

Spine Surgery - Wallis Ligament Stabilisation

Spine Surgery - Wallis Ligament Stabilisation Spine Surgery - Wallis Ligament Stabilisation An Information Leaflet Physiotherapy Department 0161 419 4060 August 2011 Every Patient Matters TO47 2 Introduction This booklet has been compiled by the physiotherapy

More information

SPINE SURGERY - LUMBAR DECOMPRESSION

SPINE SURGERY - LUMBAR DECOMPRESSION SPINE SURGERY - LUMBAR DECOMPRESSION Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 7 Introduction This booklet has been compiled by the physiotherapy department to help you understand lumbar

More information

Femoral Hernia Repair

Femoral Hernia Repair Femoral Hernia Repair WHAT IS A FEMORAL HERNIA REPAIR? 2 WHAT CAUSES A FEMORAL HERNIA? 2 WHAT DOES TREATMENT/ MANAGEMENT INVOLVE? 3 DAY SURGERY MANAGEMENT 3 SURGICAL REPAIR 4 WHAT ARE THE RISKS/COMPLICATIONS

More information

Anterior Cervical Discectomy

Anterior Cervical Discectomy Anterior Cervical Discectomy Spinal Unit Tel: 01473 702032 or 702097 Issue 2: January 2009 Page 2 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon, you have been diagnosed with

More information

Lumbar Disc Herniation/Bulge Protocol

Lumbar Disc Herniation/Bulge Protocol Lumbar Disc Herniation/Bulge Protocol Anatomy and Biomechanics The lumbar spine is made up of 5 load transferring bones called vertebrae. They are stacked in a column with an intervertebral disc sandwiched

More information

Cervical Spondylosis. Understanding the neck

Cervical Spondylosis. Understanding the neck Page 1 of 5 Cervical Spondylosis This leaflet is aimed at people who have been told they have cervical spondylosis as a cause of their neck symptoms. Cervical spondylosis is a 'wear and tear' of the vertebrae

More information

Information and exercises following microdiscectomy

Information and exercises following microdiscectomy Information and exercises Information and exercises following microdiscectomy This information is designed to help you get back to full fitness as quickly as possible after your operation. Before you leave

More information

SPINE ANATOMY AND PROCEDURES. Tulsa Spine & Specialty Hospital 6901 S. Olympia Avenue Tulsa, Oklahoma 74132

SPINE ANATOMY AND PROCEDURES. Tulsa Spine & Specialty Hospital 6901 S. Olympia Avenue Tulsa, Oklahoma 74132 SPINE ANATOMY AND PROCEDURES Tulsa Spine & Specialty Hospital 6901 S. Olympia Avenue Tulsa, Oklahoma 74132 SPINE ANATOMY The spine consists of 33 bones called vertebrae. The top 7 are cervical, or neck

More information

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Issue 6: March 2016 Review date: February 2019 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon you have been diagnosed with

More information

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Spinal Unit Tel: 01473 702032 or 702097 Issue 5: August 2014 Review date: July 2017 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon

More information

Sciatica Yuliya Mutsa PTA 236

Sciatica Yuliya Mutsa PTA 236 Sciatica Yuliya Mutsa PTA 236 Sciatica is a common type of pain affecting the sciatic nerve, which extends from the lower back all the way through the back of the thigh and down through the leg. Depending

More information

Surgery for Disc Prolapse

Surgery for Disc Prolapse Contact Details Spinal Team Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre Windmill Road Headington Oxford OX3 7LD Surgery for Disc Prolapse Phone: 01865 738051 Fax: 01865 738027 Web Site www.noc.nhs.uk Surgery for disc

More information

Neck Injuries and Disorders

Neck Injuries and Disorders Neck Injuries and Disorders Introduction Any part of your neck can be affected by neck problems. These affect the muscles, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments or nerves in the neck. There are many common

More information

BRYAN. Cervical Disc System. Patient Information

BRYAN. Cervical Disc System. Patient Information BRYAN Cervical Disc System Patient Information 3 BRYAN Cervical Disc System PATIENT INFORMATION BRYAN Cervical Disc System PATIENT INFORMATION 1 BRYAN Cervical Disc System This patient information brochure

More information

Options for Cervical Disc Degeneration A Guide to the M6-C. clinical study

Options for Cervical Disc Degeneration A Guide to the M6-C. clinical study Options for Cervical Disc Degeneration A Guide to the M6-C clinical study Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults are diagnosed with Cervical Disc Degeneration, an upper spine condition that can cause

More information

Hip arthroscopy Frequently Asked Questions

Hip arthroscopy Frequently Asked Questions Hip arthroscopy Frequently Asked Questions What is a hip arthroscopy? Hip arthroscopy is key hole surgery. Usually 2-3 small incisions (about 1 cm long) are made on the side of your hip. Through these

More information

Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion A Patient s Guide to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion 651 Old Country Road Plainview, NY 11803 Phone: 5166818822 Fax: 5166813332 p.lettieri@aol.com DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is

More information

SPINE SURGERY - DISCECTOMY

SPINE SURGERY - DISCECTOMY SPINE SURGERY - DISCECTOMY Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 7 INTRODUCTION This booklet has been compiled by the physiotherapy department to help you understand lumbar discectomy

More information

Information for the Patient About Surgical

Information for the Patient About Surgical Information for the Patient About Surgical Decompression and Stabilization of the Spine Aging and the Spine Daily wear and tear, along with disc degeneration due to aging and injury, are common causes

More information

Does the pain radiating down your legs, buttocks or lower back prevent you from walking long distances?

Does the pain radiating down your legs, buttocks or lower back prevent you from walking long distances? Does the pain radiating down your legs, buttocks or lower back prevent you from walking long distances? Do you experience weakness, tingling, numbness, stiffness, or cramping in your legs, buttocks or

More information

.org. Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Cause. Description

.org. Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Cause. Description Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Page ( 1 ) Spinal fractures can vary widely in severity. While some fractures are very serious injuries that require emergency treatment, other fractures can

More information

Spinal Injections. North American Spine Society Public Education Series

Spinal Injections. North American Spine Society Public Education Series Spinal Injections North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is a Spinal Injection? Your doctor has suggested that you have a spinal injection to help reduce pain and improve function. This

More information

Ankle Stabilisation Procedure

Ankle Stabilisation Procedure Ankle Stabilisation Procedure Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered Following your consultation with a member of the Foot and Ankle team you have been diagnosed with an unstable ankle. This leaflet

More information

Patient information for cervical spinal fusion.

Patient information for cervical spinal fusion. Patient information for cervical spinal fusion. Introduction This booklet has been compiled to help you understand spinal cervical fusion surgery and postoperative rehabilitation. Anatomy The cervical

More information

Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide

Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide A publication from the Center of Pain Medicine and Physiatric Rehabilitation 2002 Medical Parkway Ste 150 1630 Main St Ste 215 Annapolis, MD 21401 Chester, MD 21619

More information

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Information for Patients Gateshead Upper Limb Unit Page 1 of 6 What is the carpal tunnel? The wrist consists of 8 small bones called carpal bones. A ligament ( also called retinaculum)

More information

microdiscectomy / laminectomy

microdiscectomy / laminectomy Contact the physiotherapy team by telephoning 0208 725 4619 or email: backontrack@stgeorges.nhs.uk Advice and exercises can be viewed online at: www.tiny.cc/backontrack St George s Healthcare NHS Trust

More information

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Any further questions? Please contact the matron for Women s Health on 020 7288 5161 (answerphone) Monday - Thursday 9am - 5pm. For more information: Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Recovering

More information

Patient Information Hip Replacement

Patient Information Hip Replacement Once you have decided to undergo surgery, it is important that you prepare yourself both mentally and physically for the procedure. The following information is intended to answer some common questions

More information

Patient Information for Lumbar Spinal Fusion. What is a lumbar spinal fusion? Page 1 of 5

Patient Information for Lumbar Spinal Fusion. What is a lumbar spinal fusion? Page 1 of 5 Patient Information for Lumbar Spinal Fusion What is a lumbar spinal fusion? You have been offered surgery to the lumbar region of your spine, your lower back. The operation is called a lumbar spinal fusion.

More information

BACK PAIN: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW

BACK PAIN: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW BACK PAIN: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW Diane Metzer LOWER BACK PAIN Nearly everyone at some point has back pain that interferes with work, recreation and routine daily activities. Four out of five adults experience

More information

Low Back Injury in the Industrial Athlete: An Anatomic Approach

Low Back Injury in the Industrial Athlete: An Anatomic Approach Low Back Injury in the Industrial Athlete: An Anatomic Approach Earl J. Craig, M.D. Assistant Professor Indiana University School of Medicine Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Epidemiology

More information

11 Lumbar Discectomy Lumbar Discectomy Hamilton Health Sciences, 2008 PD /2016 dpc/pted/lumbardiscectomy-trh.doc dt/march 3, 2016

11 Lumbar Discectomy Lumbar Discectomy Hamilton Health Sciences, 2008 PD /2016 dpc/pted/lumbardiscectomy-trh.doc dt/march 3, 2016 Lumbar Discectomy 1 Lumbar Discectomy Table of contents Page What is a discectomy?... 1 Why do I need a discectomy?... 2 Before your surgery... 2 After your surgery... 3 The Pain Scale... 3 When will I

More information

RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT

RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT PATIENT INFORMATION SHEET RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS - TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT Index Pages INTRODCUTION 3 (1) ANAESTHETIC AND MEDICAL: 3 (2) BLOOD TRANSFUSION:

More information

.org. Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) Anatomy. Cause

.org. Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) Anatomy. Cause Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) Page ( 1 ) Cervical radiculopathy, commonly called a pinched nerve occurs when a nerve in the neck is compressed or irritated where it branches away from the spinal

More information

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS CONSIDERING LAPAROSCOPIC INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS CONSIDERING LAPAROSCOPIC INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS CONSIDERING A LAPAROSCOPIC INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR Prepared By Mr Peter Willson Consultant Surgeon Contents 1. Background... 3 2. What is an inguinal Hernia?... 3 3. What are the

More information

Introduction: Anatomy of the spine and lower back:

Introduction: Anatomy of the spine and lower back: Castleknock GAA club member and Chartered Physiotherapist, James Sherry MISCP, has prepared an informative article on the common causes of back pain and how best it can be treated. To book a physiotherapy

More information

Information on the Chiropractic Care of Lower Back Pain

Information on the Chiropractic Care of Lower Back Pain Chiropractic Care of Lower Back Pain Lower back pain is probably the most common condition seen the the Chiropractic office. Each month it is estimated that up to one third of persons experience some type

More information

15 things you might not know about back pain

15 things you might not know about back pain 15 things you might not know about back pain Mary O Keeffe (University of Limerick), Dr Kieran O Sullivan (University of Limerick), Dr Derek Griffin (Tralee Physiotherapy Clinic) Managing back pain costs

More information

LUMBAR. Hips R L B R L B LUMBAR. Hips R L B R L B LUMBAR. Hips R L B R L B

LUMBAR. Hips R L B R L B LUMBAR. Hips R L B R L B LUMBAR. Hips R L B R L B 1 Patient Name In order to properly assess your condition, we must understand how much your BACK/LEG (SCIATIC) PAIN has affected your ability to manage everyday activities. For each item below, please

More information

Spinal Fusion. Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust. Patient Information. Spinal Fusion. Respond Deliver & Enable

Spinal Fusion. Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust. Patient Information. Spinal Fusion. Respond Deliver & Enable Spinal Fusion Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust Patient Information Spinal Fusion Respond Deliver & Enable Introduction You have been scheduled for a procedure known as a lumbar spinal fusion.

More information

Lumbar Nerve Root Block

Lumbar Nerve Root Block Lumbar Nerve Root Block Spinal Unit Tel: 01473 702032 or 702097 Issue 2: January 2009 Imaging techniques, such as an MRI scan, can reveal small disc bulges and / or wear and tear in the spine with possible

More information

What are Core Muscles?... 2. A Healthy Lumbar Spine...3. What is Low Back Pain?...4. Rehabilitation...6. Stages of Rehabilitation...

What are Core Muscles?... 2. A Healthy Lumbar Spine...3. What is Low Back Pain?...4. Rehabilitation...6. Stages of Rehabilitation... Table of Contents What are Core Muscles?... 2 A Healthy Lumbar Spine...3 What is Low Back Pain?...4 Rehabilitation...6 Stages of Rehabilitation...7 Pain Management....................... 8 Heat/Ice What

More information

INFORMATION FOR YOU. Lower Back Pain

INFORMATION FOR YOU. Lower Back Pain INFORMATION FOR YOU Lower Back Pain WHAT IS ACUTE LOWER BACK PAIN? Acute lower back pain is defined as low back pain present for up to six weeks. It may be experienced as aching, burning, stabbing, sharp

More information

Spinal Discectomy & Decompression Surgery

Spinal Discectomy & Decompression Surgery 1.0 Policy Statement... 2 2.0 Purpose... 2 3.0 Scope... 2 4.0 Health & Safety... 2 5.0 Responsibilities... 2 6.0 Definitions and Abbreviations... 3 7.0 Guideline... 3 7.1 Pre-Operative... 3 7.2 Post-Operative...

More information

Patient Information. Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Patient Information. Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Patient Information Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Table of Contents Anatomy of the Spine 2 The Healthy Spine 3 General Treatment Options 4 General Conditions of the Lumbar Spine 5 What is Spondylolisthesis?

More information

Epigastric Hernia Repair

Epigastric Hernia Repair Epigastric Hernia Repair WHAT IS EPIGASTRIC HERNIA REPAIR? 2 WHAT CAUSES IT? 2 WHAT DOES TREATMENT/MANAGEMENT INVOLVE? 2 WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IF THE HERNIA WAS NOT TREATED? 3 EPIGASTRIC HERNIA REPAIR 3 WHAT

More information

X Stop Spinal Stenosis Decompression

X Stop Spinal Stenosis Decompression X Stop Spinal Stenosis Decompression Am I a candidate for X Stop spinal surgery? You may be a candidate for the X Stop spinal surgery if you have primarily leg pain rather than mostly back pain and your

More information

Spinal cord stimulation

Spinal cord stimulation Spinal cord stimulation This leaflet aims to answer your questions about having spinal cord stimulation. It explains the benefits, risks and alternatives, as well as what you can expect when you come to

More information

RNOH Physiotherapy Department (020 8909 5820) Rehabilitation guidelines for patients undergoing spinal surgery

RNOH Physiotherapy Department (020 8909 5820) Rehabilitation guidelines for patients undergoing spinal surgery RNOH Physiotherapy Department (020 8909 5820) Rehabilitation guidelines for patients undergoing spinal surgery As a specialist orthopaedic hospital we recognise that our broad and often complex patient

More information

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Lumbar Spinal Stenosis North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is Lumbar Spinal Stenosis? The vertebrae are the bones that make up the lumbar spine (low back). The spinal canal runs through

More information

Low Back Surgery. Remember to bring this handout to the hospital with you.

Low Back Surgery. Remember to bring this handout to the hospital with you. Remember to bring this handout to the hospital with you. Table of contents Page Why do I need low back surgery?... 1 What kinds of low back surgeries are there?... 2 Before your surgery... 3 After your

More information

Patient Guide to Neck Surgery

Patient Guide to Neck Surgery The following is a sampling of products offered by Zimmer Spine for use in Anterior Cervical Fusion procedures. Patient Guide to Neck Surgery Anterior Cervical Fusion Trinica Select With the Trinica and

More information

Low Back Spinal Surgery. Relieving Symptoms with Decompression and Fusion

Low Back Spinal Surgery. Relieving Symptoms with Decompression and Fusion Low Back Spinal Surgery Relieving Symptoms with Decompression and Fusion Low Back Problems If you have a low back problem, you re not alone. Low back problems are very common. Some are caused by aging

More information

Varicose Veins Operation. Patient information Leaflet

Varicose Veins Operation. Patient information Leaflet Varicose Veins Operation Patient information Leaflet 22 nd August 2014 WHAT IS VARICOSE VEIN SURGERY (HIGH LIGATION AND MULTIPLE AVULSIONS) The operation varies from case to case, depending on where the

More information

Anterior Cervical Discectomy

Anterior Cervical Discectomy Anterior Cervical Discectomy Spinal Unit Tel: 01473 702032 or 702097 Issue 4: August 2014 Review date: July 2017 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon, you have been

More information

A review of spinal problems

A review of spinal problems Dr Ulrich R Hähnle MD, FCS Orthopaedic Surgeon, Wits Facharzt für Orthopädie, Berlin Phone: +27 11 485 3236 Fax: +27 11 485 2446 Suite 102, Medical Centre, Linksfield Park Clinic P.O. Box 949, Johannesburg

More information

Spine University s Guide to Back Pain in Teen Athletes

Spine University s Guide to Back Pain in Teen Athletes Spine University s Guide to Back Pain in Teen Athletes 2 Introduction Back pain, especially lower back pain, is one of the most common complaints of pain among people in North America. But, while it's

More information

Caring for your perineum and pelvic floor after a 3rd or 4th degree tear

Caring for your perineum and pelvic floor after a 3rd or 4th degree tear Caring for your perineum and pelvic floor after a 3rd or 4th degree tear Most women, up to nine in ten (90%), tear to some extent during childbirth. Most tears occur in the perineum, the area between the

More information

Whiplash and Whiplash- Associated Disorders

Whiplash and Whiplash- Associated Disorders Whiplash and Whiplash- Associated Disorders North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is Whiplash? The term whiplash might be confusing because it describes both a mechanism of injury and

More information

Acute Oncology Service Patient Information Leaflet

Acute Oncology Service Patient Information Leaflet Spinal cord compression Acute Oncology Service Patient Information Leaflet Introduction If you have been diagnosed with cancer, you need to know about spinal cord compression and the warning signs. What

More information

Lower Back Pain. Introduction. Anatomy

Lower Back Pain. Introduction. Anatomy Lower Back Pain Introduction Back pain is the number one problem facing the workforce in the United States today. To illustrate just how big a problem low back pain is, consider these facts: Low back pain

More information

Bladder reconstruction (neo-bladder)

Bladder reconstruction (neo-bladder) Bladder reconstruction (neo-bladder) We have written this leaflet to help you understand about your operation. It is designed to help you answer any questions you may have. The leaflet contains the following

More information

LOW BACK PAIN. common of these conditions include: muscle strain ( pulled muscle ), weak core muscles

LOW BACK PAIN. common of these conditions include: muscle strain ( pulled muscle ), weak core muscles LOW BACK PAIN Most episodes of low back pain are caused by relatively harmless conditions. The most common of these conditions include: muscle strain ( pulled muscle ), weak core muscles (abdominal and

More information

Hip Replacement. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Tel: 01473 702107

Hip Replacement. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Tel: 01473 702107 Information for Patients Hip Replacement Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Tel: 01473 702107 DMI ref: 0134-08.indd(RP) Issue 3: February 2008 The Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, 2005-2008. All rights reserved.

More information

Laparoscopic Colectomy. What do I need to know about my laparoscopic colorectal surgery?

Laparoscopic Colectomy. What do I need to know about my laparoscopic colorectal surgery? Laparoscopic Colectomy What do I need to know about my laparoscopic colorectal surgery? Traditionally, colon & rectal surgery requires a large, abdominal and/or pelvic incision, which often requires a

More information

visualized. The correct level is then identified again. With the use of a microscope and

visualized. The correct level is then identified again. With the use of a microscope and SURGERY FOR SPINAL STENOSIS Laminectomy A one inch (or longer for extensive stenosis) incision is made in the middle of the back over the effected region of the spine. The muscles over the bone are moved

More information

Spina Bifida Occulta. Lo-Call 1890 20 22 60. Occulta Means Hidden

Spina Bifida Occulta. Lo-Call 1890 20 22 60. Occulta Means Hidden Occulta Means Hidden Spina Bifida Occulta is not easily detected because skin covers the area, such as the spinal cord, spinal bone or nerve roots, which may be affected. Spina Bifida Occulta can affect

More information

THE LUMBAR SPINE (BACK)

THE LUMBAR SPINE (BACK) THE LUMBAR SPINE (BACK) At a glance Chronic back pain, especially in the area of the lumbar spine (lower back), is a widespread condition. It can be assumed that 75 % of all people have it sometimes or

More information

Spigelian Hernia Repair

Spigelian Hernia Repair Spigelian Hernia Repair WHAT IS A SPIGELIAN HERNIA? 2 WHAT CAUSES IT? 2 WHAT DOES TREATMENT/ MANAGEMENT INVOLVE? 2 WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IF THE HERNIA WAS NOT TREATED? 2 SPIGELIAN HERNIA REPAIR 3 WHAT ARE

More information

MANAGING BACK PAIN GETTING YOU BACK INTO ACTION MANAGING BACK PAIN. www.healthcare-rm.com

MANAGING BACK PAIN GETTING YOU BACK INTO ACTION MANAGING BACK PAIN. www.healthcare-rm.com H E A L T H R I S K M A N A G E M E N T MANAGING BACK PAIN MANAGING BACK PAIN GETTING YOU BACK INTO ACTION GETTING YOU BACK INTO ACTION www.healthcare-rm.com Who is this for? CONTENTS Introduction about

More information