# The human body core temperature is constant around 37.1±1.0 o C ( degree Fahrenheit = degree Celsius )

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The human body core temperature is constant around 37.1±1.0 o C ( degree Fahrenheit = degree Celsius 1.8 + 32 )"

## Transcription

1

2 The human body core temperature is constant around 37.1±1.0 o C ( degree Fahrenheit = degree Celsius )

3

4

5 ( good to 20% over this range of T a and T skin )

6

7

8 1. What is wind chill temperature? A. The wind chill temperature is how cold people and animals feel when outside. Wind chill is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by wind and cold. As the wind increases, it draws heat from the body, driving down skin temperature and eventually the internal body temperature. Therefore, the wind makes it FEEL much colder. If the temperature is 0 degrees Fahrenheit and the wind is blowing at 15 mph, the wind chill is -19 degrees Fahrenheit. At this wind chill temperature, exposed skin can freeze in 30 minutes. 2. Can wind chill impact my car's radiator or exposed water pipe? A. The only effect wind chill has on inanimate objects, such as car radiators and water pipes, is to shorten the amount of time for the object to cool. The inanimate object will not cool below the actual air temperature. For example, if the temperature outside is -5 degrees Fahrenheit and the wind chill temperature is -31 degrees Fahrenheit, then your car's radiator will not drop lower than -5 degrees Fahrenheit. 3. What is FROSTBITE? A. You have frostbite when your body tissue freezes. The most susceptible parts of the body are fingers, toes, ear lobes, or the tip of the nose. Symptoms include a loss of feeling in the extremity and a white or pale appearance. Get Medical attention immediately for frostbite. The area should be SLOWLY re-warmed. 4. What is HYPOTHERMIA? A. Hypothermia occurs when body temperature falls below 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Determine this by taking your temperature. Warning signs include uncontrollable shivering, memory loss, disorientation, incoherence, slurred speech, drowsiness, and exhaustion. Get medical attention immediately. If you can't get help quickly, begin warming the body SLOWLY. Warm the body core first, NOT the extremities. Warming extremities first drives the cold blood to the heart and can cause the body temperature to drop further--which may lead to heart failure. Get the person into dry clothing and wrap in a warm blanket covering the head and neck. Do not give the person alcohol, drugs, coffee, or any HOT beverage or food. WARM broth and food is better. About 20% of cold related deaths occur in the home. Young children under the age of two and the elderly, those more than 60 years of age, are most susceptible to hypothermia. Hypothermia can set in over a period of time. Keep the thermostat above 69 degrees Fahrenheit, wear warm clothing, eat food for warmth, and drink plenty of water (or fluids other than alcohol) to keep hydrated. NOTE: Alcohol will lower your body temperature. 1

9 National Weather Service (NWS) Implements a New Wind Chill Temperature Index On November 1, The NWS implemented a replacement Wind Chill Temperature (WCT) index for the 2001/2002 winter season. The change improves upon the current WCT Index used by the NWS and the Meteorological Services of Canada, currently based on the 1945 Siple and Passel Index. For more than a year, NWS and MSC have discussed updating the WCT. During the fall of 2000, the Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (OFCM) formed a group consisting of several Federal agencies, MSC, the academic community (Indiana University-Purdue University in Indianapolis (IUPUI), University of Delaware and University of Missouri), and the International Society of Biometeorology to evaluate and improve the wind chill formula. The group, chaired by the NWS, is called the Joint Action Group for temperature Indices (JAG/TI). JAG/TI's goal is to upgrade and standardize the index for temperature extremes internationally (e.g. Wind Chill Index). 2

10 After the October 2000 and February 2001 meetings, the JAG/TI reached agreement on a new wind chill formula, discussed a process for scientific verifications of the new formula, and developed plans for implementation of the new formula. The new WCT index was presented at the JAG/ TI meeting in Toronto, Canada on August 2, The new formula uses advances in science, technology, and computer modeling to provide a more accurate, understandable, and useful formula for calculating the dangers from winter winds and freezing temperatures. Clinical trials were conducted at the Defense and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine in Toronto, Canada, and the trial results were used to improve the accuracy of the new formula and determine frostbite threshold values. Standardization of the WCT Index among the meteorological community provides an accurate and consistent measure to ensure public safety. The new wind chill formula is now being used in Canada and the United States. Specifically, the new WCT index will: Use calculated wind speed at an average height of five feet (typical height of an adult human face) based on readings from the national standard height of 33 feet (typical height of an anemometer) Be based on a human face model Incorporates modern heat transfer theory (heat loss from the body to its surroundings, during cold and breezy/windy days) Lowers the calm wind threshold to 3 mph Use a consistent standard for skin tissue resistance Assume no impact from the sun (i.e., clear night sky). In 2002, NWS may adjust the WCT for solar radiation for variety of conditions ( sunny, partly sunny, cloudy ). Note: Wind Chill Temperature is only defined for temperatures at or below 50 degrees F and wind speeds above 3 mph. 3

11

13 The is thus Solving the differential equation shows that temperature changes occur Exponentially and are determined by the time constant t 0 C/λ Exponential change with slow time constant t 0

14

15 37.1 o C o C

16 If air is humid the evaporation losses are limited by the ability of the Ambient air to remove sweat from skin No Sweating Threshold Temperature

17

18 This changes now the activity factor δ to maintain a comfortable body temperature

19 δ

20

21

22 higher metabolic rate!

23

24

25 < 0 positive term

26

### WINTER DRIVING. This information supplied by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the NJ Office of Emergency Management.

SAFE WINTER DRIVING This information supplied by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the NJ Office of Emergency Management. DID YOU KNOW??? The leading cause of death during winter storms is transportation

### TakE Care in Hot & Cold Weather

www.coned.com TakE Care in Hot & Cold Weather Preventing Hyperthermia and Hypothermia When it s Too Hot! Beating the heat is as much a part of summer as baseball and hot dogs. City residents are particularly

### Cold Weather Safety. Summary. Cold Weather Safety. Why Worry About Cold? Why Worry About Working in Cold?

Cold Weather Safety Summary Extreme cold is potentially hazardous to your health. You can learn to work and live in cold environments, provided you have adequate clothing and access to warm shelter. You

### FISD ATHLETIC DEPARTMENT COLD WEATHER GUIDELINES

FISD ATHLETIC DEPARTMENT COLD WEATHER GUIDELINES Cold exposure can be uncomfortable, impair performance and even become life threatening. Conditions created by cold exposure include frostbite and hypothermia.

### 2. When temperature and wind chill falls below 35 degrees including the wind chill, students, are kept indoors.

Weather /Environmental Guidelines Time spent outdoors is an important part of the school day. It is difficult to set guidelines that fit every circumstance and condition in regards to outside activities.

### Heat Illnesses. Common Heat Rash Sites

Heat Illnesses Introduction Heat illnesses happen when the body becomes too hot and cannot cool itself. There are several different types of heat-related illnesses. This includes heat cramps, heat exhaustion,

### YORK CATHOLIC DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD

YORK CATHOLIC DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD BOARD POLICY Policy Section Policy Number Students 221 Former Policy # Page 221 1 of 7 Original Approved Last Approved June 6, 2006 September 24, 2013 POLICY TITLE:

### PHYSICAL AGENT DATA SHEET

Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development Labor Standards and Safety 3301 Eagle Street/PO Box 107022 Anchorage, Alaska 99510-7022 (907) 269-4955 PHYSICAL AGENT DATA SHEET COLD STRESS HYPOTHERMIA

### SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS)

SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS) PROGRAM NAME: HEALTH NUGGETS PROGRAM TITLE: HEATSTROKE - 2 PROGRAM NUMBER: 123 SUBJECT: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, COMPLICATIONS, TREATMENT OF HEAT-RELATED CONDITIONS

### PREPARING FOR WINTER WEATHER

PREPARING FOR WINTER WEATHER Each year exposure to cold, vehicle accidents caused by wintry roads, and fires caused by the improper use of heaters injure and kill hundreds of people in the Unites States.

### Heat Stress Training

Heat Stress Training Agenda 1. What is Heat Stress - The Physiology - Heat Exhaustion (Symptoms and First Aid) - Heat Stroke (Symptoms and First Aid) - Other Conditions associated with Heat Stress 2. Who

### Chapter 18 THERMAL INJURIES

Chapter 18 THERMAL INJURIES Because of the range of environmental condition within which sports take place, various temperature-related health emergencies occur each year, some result in death. Most, if

### SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (ONE SPEAKER)

SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (ONE SPEAKER) PROGRAM NAME: HEALTH NUGGETS PROGRAM TITLE: HEATSTROKE - 2 PROGRAM NUMBER: 123 SUBJECT: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, COMPLICATIONS, TREATMENT OF HEAT-RELATED CONDITIONS

### Heat Production and Loss. Environmental Emergencies. Heat Regulation. Body Temperature Ranges. Focused Assessment: Your Patient: Heat Production

Heat Production and Loss Environmental Emergencies Messing with Mother Nature Heat Production Basal Metabolism processes in the body that generate heat through nominal functions Activity, fever, metabolic

### HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS

HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Purpose... 1 2.0 Heat Illness Prevention... 2 2.1 Heat Stroke... 2 2.2 Heat Exhaustion... 2 2.3 Heat Cramps...

### Oregon Youth Soccer Association Weather Related Safety Precautions

Oregon Youth Soccer Association Weather Related Safety Precautions Safety during all soccer activities is the primary concern for any individual participating in Oregon Youth Soccer or the activities of

### EXTREME HEAT OR COLD

Responsibility Never hesitate to call 911 Life Safety is most important! It is the responsibility of every individual to learn to recognize the warning signs of a medical emergency. Warning Signs and Symptoms

### Seasonal Temperature Variations

Seasonal and Daily Temperatures Fig. 3-CO, p. 54 Seasonal Temperature Variations What causes the seasons What governs the seasons is the amount of solar radiation reaching the ground What two primary factors

### Okolona Fire Department Standard Operating Procedure

Page 1 of 6 October 1, 2011 New Operational Purpose: This policy will govern the type of training, the environment, gear to be used for training, and outside non-emergency activities for the Okolona Fire

### Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report. Joshua Gutwill. October 1999

Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report Joshua Gutwill October 1999 Keywords: 1 Heat and Temperature Front End Evaluation Report October 28, 1999 Goal:

### Protecting Yourself from. Heat Stress

Fast Facts Heat stress, from exertion or hot environments, places workers at risk for illnesses such as heat stroke, heat exhaustion, or heat cramps. Heat Stroke A condition that occurs when the body becomes

### Play it Safe in the Heat Tips for Coaches and Parents

Play it Safe in the Heat Tips for Coaches and Parents Heat is the number one weather related killer in the United States. Heat illness is the leading cause of preventable death in high school athletics

### WEEKLY SAFETY MEETING All Euramax Subsidiaries COLD WEATHER. Safety Meeting Contents. Meeting Notice. Leaders Guide. Employee Handout.

Safety Meeting Contents Meeting Notice Leaders Guide Employee Handout Employee Quiz Meeting Sign-In Sheet Employee Puzzle PRIOR TO THE WEEKLY MEETING: - Post the meeting notice by the timeclock - Read

### Shift Commander: The senior ranking uniformed line officer at the DOC facility, most commonly a Sergeant, Lieutenant or Captain.

I Index: Date Signed: 04/18/2015 Replaces : N/A Supersedes Dated: 05/21/2014 Affected Units: Adult Institutions Effective Date: 04/20/2015 Scheduled Revision Date: March 2016 Revision Number: 12 Office

### Heat Stress/Flag Condition Training

Heat Stress/Flag Condition Training Heat stress Heat stress is the buildup of heat to the point where the body s thermostat has difficulty maintaining normal internal body temperature. When the body is

### Brian M. Satula Administrator. Cell: (608) 219-4008. Wisconsin Heat Awareness Day June 11, 2015

State Of Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h Division of Emergency Management Brian M. Satula Administrator For more information

### Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress.

Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Overview Workers who are exposed to extreme heat or work in hot environments may be at risk of heat stress. Exposure to extreme heat can result

### Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety

Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat. Historically, from 1979-2003,

### CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SERIES: Heat Stress

ERI Safety Videos Videos for Safety Meetings C008 CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SERIES: Heat Stress Leader s Guide Marcom Group Ltd. Structure and Organization INTRODUCTION TO THE PROGRAM Information in this program

### Fact Sheet: Working in hot temperatures

Fact Sheet: Working in hot temperatures Why is working in the heat bad for your health? Human beings need to maintain a constant body temperature if they are to stay healthy. Working in high temperatures

### EXPLANATION OF WEATHER ELEMENTS AND VARIABLES FOR THE DAVIS VANTAGE PRO 2 MIDSTREAM WEATHER STATION

EXPLANATION OF WEATHER ELEMENTS AND VARIABLES FOR THE DAVIS VANTAGE PRO 2 MIDSTREAM WEATHER STATION The Weather Envoy consists of two parts: the Davis Vantage Pro 2 Integrated Sensor Suite (ISS) and the

### COLD STRESS IN COWS. Brian Tarr, Ruminant Nutritionist Shur Gain, Nutreco Canada Inc.

COLD STRESS IN COWS Brian Tarr, Ruminant Nutritionist Shur Gain, Nutreco Canada Inc. Cold Stress in Cows Brian Tarr, Ruminant Nutritionist Shur Gain, Nutreco Canada Inc. Getting cows through the winter

### State Of Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs

State Of Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs Division of Emergency Management Brian M. Satula Administrator Scott Walker Governor For more information contact: Tod Pritchard Lori Getter Office (608)

### To protect your health when temperatures are extremely high, remember to keep cool and use common sense. The following tips are important:

What Is Extreme Heat? Temperatures that hover 10 degrees or more above the average high temperature for the region and last for several weeks are defined as extreme heat. Humid or muggy conditions, which

### Make plans for outreach during heat emergencies, prioritizing those at highest risk. Document these plans and communicate them to staff.

New York State, Office of Mental Health NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND MENTAL HYGIENE Thomas R. Farley, MD, MPH Michael F. Hogan, Ph.D. June, 2012 Dear Executive Director, During hot weather, people

### WEEKLY SAFETY MEETING All Euramax Subsidiaries HEAT STRESS. Safety Meeting Contents. Meeting Notice. Leaders Guide. Employee Handout.

Safety Meeting Contents Meeting Notice Leaders Guide Employee Handout Employee Quiz Meeting Sign-In Sheet Employee Puzzle PRIOR TO THE WEEKLY MEETING: - Post the meeting notice by the timeclock - Read

### DEPARTMENTOFTHE NAVY

DEPARTMENTOFTHE NAVY NAVAL ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL 440 MEYERKORD AVENUE NEWPORT, RI 02841-1519 NAVAL ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL INSTRUCTION 6110.lA NAPSINST 6110.lA Nl From: Subj: Commanding Officer,

### CHAPTER 3. The sun and the seasons. Locating the position of the sun

zenith 90 summer solstice 75 equinox 52 winter solstice 29 altitude angles observer Figure 3.1: Solar noon altitude angles for Melbourne SOUTH winter midday shadow WEST summer midday shadow summer EAST

### Indiana Soccer Heat/Cold Weather Recommendations

Indiana Soccer Heat/Cold Weather Recommendations I. HEAT INDEX Heat Index can be described as what it feels like outside. By definition, the Heat Index is the relationship between temperature and humidity,

### State of Illinois Illinois Emergency Management Agency. Winter Weather Preparedness Guide

State of Illinois Illinois Emergency Management Agency Winter Weather Preparedness Guide 1 It s Time to Prepare for Winter Weather The winter of 2013-14 will be remembered by many people in Illinois for

### Cold Weather Camping

Cold Weather Camping Cold weather camping is defined as "camping in weather where the average daily temperature is below 10 degrees Celsius and conditions are cold, wet or windy." The most important thing

### Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety

Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat. Historically, from 1979-2003,

### SAFETY TIPS FOR COMPLYING WITH THE NEW YORK STATE SUN SAFETY LAW

NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR DIVISION OF SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY TIPS FOR COMPLYING WITH THE NEW YORK STATE SUN SAFETY LAW What is the New York State Public Employee Sun Safety Law? The New York

### too hot! Heat Related Illness

too hot! Heat Related Illness Participating in recreation and sport activities provides many benefits for children and can be a fun and enjoyable way to be physically active. However, when the temperature

### Stay Safe in Cold Weather!

Stay Safe in Cold Weather! Learn why you need to stay warm when it s cold From the National Institute on Aging Table of Contents Introduction 1 What is hypothermia? 1 Keep warm inside 3 Bundle up on windy,

### Heat Illness Prevention Program

I. Policy Heat Illness Prevention Program Responsible Executive: Vice President for Administration and Finance Responsible Office: Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Originally Issued: February

### Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener

KINGMAN IS GROWING! COLUMN Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener Again this year we have been experiencing some very cold weather, with

### FIRST AID SAMPLE ONLY. Training Manual. Easy to learn vital steps in providing first aid care.

FIRST AID Training Manual Easy to learn vital steps in providing first aid care www.everydaylearning.com.au Everyday Learning 2011 First Aid Training Manual 1 Basic Life Support D R S A B C D Check for

### heatwave A GUIDE TO LOOKING AFTER YOURSELF AND OTHERS DURING HOT WEATHER

heatwave A GUIDE TO LOOKING AFTER YOURSELF AND OTHERS DURING HOT WEATHER heatwave Most of us enjoy sunny weather, but extreme heat can seriously damage your health. During a heatwave, when temperatures

### Heat Illness Prevention Program

Heat Illness Prevention Program I. Policy Employees working in outdoor places of employment or in other areas at times when the environmental risk factors for heat illness are present, are at risk for

### Geography affects climate.

KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

### November 2011. Eat warm, high-calorie foods such as hot pasta dishes.

November 2011 OSHA Offers Tips To Protect Workers In Cold Environments With the onset of cold weather, OSHA is reminding employers and workers to take necessary precautions to prevent and treat cold-related

### Heat Stress: Defining, Evaluating and Preventing. Glenn E. Lamson CIH OSHA Health Response Team 2012 OSHA Oil & Gas Safety Conference

Heat Stress: Defining, Evaluating and Preventing Glenn E. Lamson CIH OSHA Health Response Team 2012 OSHA Oil & Gas Safety Conference Defining Heat Stress The net heat load that a worker is exposed to from

### DRI Heat Stress Fact Sheet

Introduction As a reminder to employees who work outside during hot weather, be mindful of the hazards this presents. High temperatures and humidity (generally not an issue in Nevada, but be mindful that

### MABAS DIVISION XII REHABILITATION POLICY

MABAS DIVISION XII REHABILITATION POLICY Purpose To ensure that the physical and mental condition of employees operating at the scene of an emergency, training exercise, or other fire department activity

### Chapter 10 Thermal Stress

Chapter 10 Thermal Stress Heat stress Working in hot conditions puts stress on our body's cooling system. When the heat is combined with other stresses such as physical labor, loss of fluids, fatigue or

### Chapter 12. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation. Heat Balance. An Overview of Heat Balance. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation

Chapter 12 Body core temperature regulation Critical for: Cellular structures Metabolic pathways Too high Protein structure of cells destroyed Too low Slowed metabolism Cardiac arrhythmias Homeothermic

### Heat Wave Preparedness Checklists for Vulnerable Populations Service Providers

Heat Wave Preparedness Checklists for Vulnerable Population Service Providers Page 1 of 5 Heat Wave Preparedness Checklists for Vulnerable Populations Service Providers Make Plans for Outreach During Heat

### EVERYONE'S RESPONSIBILITY

EVERYONE'S RESPONSIBILITY Guideline for Thermal Stress September 2007 Guideline for Thermal Stress Workplace Safety & Health Division 200 401 York Avenue Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 0P8 September, 2007 TABLE

### GS006 General Safety 1 Updated July 2014

1 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Section 1: Exposure to Heat and Cold 4 The Body s Response to Heat and Cold... 4 Acclimatization... 4 Heat... 5 Other Factors... 6 Section 2: Thermal comfort 8 What is

### EXTREME HEAT/HUMIDEX ADVISORY FACT SHEET

EXTREME HEAT/HUMIDEX ADVISORY FACT SHEET While it is important to enjoy the outdoors during Canadian summers, it is also essential to keep in mind that periods of extreme heat and humidex events may cause

### Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog. Water in the Atmosphere

Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog or Water in the Atmosphere The Hydrologic Cycle Where the Water Exists on Earth Evaporation From the Oceans and Land The Source of Water Vapor for the Atmosphere

### GHSA Heat Guidelines. Jeff Hopp, ATC, LAT Head Athletic Trainer, Marietta High School May 30, 2013

GHSA Heat Guidelines Jeff Hopp, ATC, LAT Head Athletic Trainer, Marietta High School May 30, 2013 Exertional Heat Illnesses Heat Cramps muscle cramping, fatigued, sweating Heat Syncope pale, lightheaded,

### Heating and Ventilation

Baltic Environmental Forum Latvia Antonijas iela 3-8 LV-1010 Riga, Latvia www.bef.lv Baltic Environmental Froum Deutschland e. V. Osterstraße 58 20259 Hamburg, Germany www. bef-de.org Heating and Ventilation

### CAMPSITE RISK ASSESSMENT. Risk mitigation and control measures: a practical guide for group leaders to manage general risk and hazards on tour

CAMPSITE RISK ASSESSMENT mitigation and control measures: a practical guide for group leaders to manage general risk and hazards on tour CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2-3 2. Climbing Wall 4 3. Rock Climbing

### WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What role does runoff play in the water cycle? a. It is the process in

### Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

### 4th Grade Weather. Read and answer each question carefully. 1) What instrument is used to measure air pressure?

Read and answer each question carefully. 1) What instrument is used to measure air pressure? A) thermometer B) anemometer C) hygrometer D) barometer 2) What instrument is used to measure the wind speed?

### Raynaud s Disease. What is Raynaud s Disease? Raynaud s disease is also sometimes known as Raynaud s phenomenon or Raynaud s syndrome.

Raynaud s Disease Introduction Raynaud s disease is a rare disorder of the blood vessels. It usually affects the fingers and toes. This disorder causes the blood vessels to narrow which turns the affected

### ESCAMBIA COUNTY FIRE-RESCUE 3500.015. Implemented: 7/07//10 Revised:

, Fire Chief Page 1 of 7 PURPOSE This guideline is designed to provide a standardized method of establishing and managing rehabilitation operations at the scene of an emergency or during training evolutions.

### HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS AND STUDENT ATHLETES. Diana L. Malone, Ph.D. Training & Consultation Coordinator

HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS AND STUDENT ATHLETES Diana L. Malone, Ph.D. Training & Consultation Coordinator HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS Objectives: Factors that create HRI Stages of HRI Care Basic First Aid Protecting

### Grafton Fire Department Standard Operating Guidelines, Policies and Procedures

Grafton Fire Department Standard Operating Guidelines, Policies and Procedures Section: Safety Subject: Rehabilitation at Emergency Incidents and Trainings Approval: William Q. Rice Effective Date: 04/02/2015

### MRC Medical Jeopardy Feud List of Treatments for Possible Injuries/Conditions

List of Treatments for Possible Injuries/Conditions A. Apply cold compresses to affected area; elevate the area to reduce swelling and possible bleeding B. Apply direct pressure to wound area with sterile

### HEAT STRESS PROGRAM Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

HEAT STRESS PROGRAM Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Table of Contents SECTION 1.0 Purpose 2.0 Regulatory Reference 3.0 Scope 4.0 Elements of the Program 5.0 Responsibility 6.0 Training and Recordkeeping

### 6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test.

Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 1. Weather is be defined as the A. changes that occur in cloud formations from day to day. B. amount of rain or snow that

### F O R Y O U R H E A L T H. Can I Get Sick from the Heat?

F O R Y O U R H E A L T H Can I Get Sick from the Heat? Lately, there have been a lot of stories in the news about farmworkers getting very sick because of the heat. Many farmworkers believe they cannot

### Do you know the benefits of adding smart hydration to your workout program? Hydration Tips from

Do you know the benefits of adding smart hydration to your workout program? Hydration Tips from Hydration. It Powers Health, Fitness, & Athletic Performance. Kudos to you. You're one of millions of people

### BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION

BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. It is measured in percentages. For instance, having a BAC of 0.10 percent means that a person

### Approaching the End of Life. A Guide for Family & Friends

Approaching the End of Life A Guide for Family & Friends Approaching the End of Life A Guide for Family & Friends Patrice Villars, MS, GNP and Eric Widera, MD Introduction In this booklet you will find

### Racing New South Wales RACING IN HOT WEATHER POLICY

Racing New South Wales RACING IN HOT WEATHER POLICY Approved and Endorsed by Racing NSW Board 23 February 2009 1 RACING NSW RACING IN HOT WEATHER OFFICIAL POLICY HORSES AND RIDERS This policy is in place

### Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY

Atmosphere SECTION 11.1 Atmospheric Basics In your textbook, read about the composition of the atmosphere. Circle the letter of the choice that best completes the statement. 1. Most of Earth s atmosphere

### Energy saving tips for home

Energy saving tips for home Contents 1 Heating and cooling 2 Computers, TVs and general appliances 4 Kitchen and cooking 6 Washing and drying 8 Lighting 9 Outdoors 9 We re all looking for ways to cut back

### Acclimatization: Physiological changes which occur in response to several days of heat exposure and make the body accustomed to a hot environment.

Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working in Hot Environments Applies to: All employees Number: 2010-06 Pages: 7 Effective Date: November 2010

### Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

### U.S. Department of Health And Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

U.S. Department of Health And Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention For more information on cold weather conditions and health, please contact: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

### Dr.Karima Elshamy Faculty of Nursing Mansoura University Egypt

Body Temperature ١ Dr.Karima Elshamy Faculty of Nursing Mansoura University Egypt ٢ Learning objectives: At the end of this lecture the student should be able to: Define body temperature. Identify sites

### Temperature Data. Daily Temperature. Daily Temperature Range? Daily Average Temperature? High 90 F Low 60 F. Difference between High & Low for Day

TEMPERATURE Temperature Data Daily Temperature High 90 F Low 60 F Daily Temperature Range? Difference between High & Low for Day Daily Average Temperature? Mid-point between High & Low for Day Temperature

### Guide to Prevention of Heat Stress At Work

Guide to Prevention of Heat Stress At Work WCB Website: www.wcb.pe.ca Toll free in Atlantic Canada: 1-800-237-5049 Feb, 2008 1 Prevention of Heat Stress at Work On Prince Edward Island illness from excess

### What Is Extreme Heat?

EXTREME HEAT A Guide to Prevention Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat. Historically, from 1979 to 1999, excessive heat exposure caused 8,015

### 1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 6. Which map correctly shows the wind directions of the highpressure and low-pressure systems? 1) 2) Which two

### Purpose: The purpose of this exercise is to help the student become familiar with various ways of measuring atmospheric moisture, with the ways of

Purpose: The purpose of this exercise is to help the student become familiar with various ways of measuring atmospheric moisture, with the ways of expressing atmospheric moisture content, and with the

### PRINCE GEORGE S COUNTY, MARYLAND FIRE/EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT GENERAL ORDER

General Order Number: 05-16 Effective Date: January 2010 Division: Emergency Medical Chapter: Emergency Incident Rehabilitation By Order of the Fire Chief: Marc S. Bashoor Revision Date: N/A POLICY This

### What Alcohol Does to the Body. Chapter 25 Lesson 2

What Alcohol Does to the Body Chapter 25 Lesson 2 Short-Term Effects of Drinking The short-term term effects of alcohol on the body depend on several factors including: amount of alcohol consumed, gender,

### PAGE 1 OF 5 ISSUED: JULY 07, 2010 REVISED:

HALIFAX FIRE DEPARTMENT R&R ARTICLE 21 HOT WEATHER OPERATIONS GUILDLINES PAGE 1 OF 5 ISSUED: JULY 07, 2010 REVISED: Purpose This policy provides a method of action to guide firefighting personnel in the

### Year 10 Investigation. What Makes Ice Melt Fastest? By Rebecca Hogan

Investigation What Makes Ice Melt Fastest? MY WEBSITE: http://whatsubstancemeltsicefastest.weebly.com/ Nature of Investigation: What keeps us cool on hot days? What is used in our cool, refreshing beverages?

### GREYHOUND RACING & WELFARE - HOT WEATHER POLICY & GUIDELINES

Policy adopted by the Board of Greyhound Racing Victoria on 24 December 2015 to take effect from 26 December 2015. 1. Introduction The safety and welfare of greyhounds is of paramount concern for Greyhound