Appendix J Santa Monica Travel Demand Forecasting Model Trip Generation Rates

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1 Appendix J Santa Monica Travel Demand Forecasting Model Trip Generation Rates

2

3 SANTA MONICA TRAVEL DEMAND FORECASTING MODEL TRIP GENERATION RATES SUBMITTED BY: 201 Santa Monica Blvd., Suite 500 Santa Monica, CA (310) October 2011

4 SANTA MONICA TRAVEL DEMAND FORECASTING MODEL TRIP GENERATION RATES INTRODUCTION Santa Monica is generally characterized by compact urban development, high levels of public transit service, walkable and bikeable streets, and employer-sponsored Travel Demand Management (TDM) programs. The unique local characteristics of Santa Monica require the development of specific trip generation rates to estimate trips associated with land uses in Santa Monica. As part of the City s Land Use and Circulation Element (LUCE) update, the City developed its first comprehensive, citywide Travel Demand Forecasting Model (TDFM). The TDFM has a base year of 2008, based on 2008 land use data and 2007 traffic counts scaled up to The City of Santa Monica s land use data is supplemented by Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG)( traffic analysis zone (TAZ)-based data for areas in the City of Los Angeles bordering the City of Santa Monica. The TDFM forecasts future conditions for the City s transportation network in the form of volumes for daily, as well as AM, PM, and weekend peak hours. The model contains the major roadways in the City and considers walking, bicycling, parking, and transit, including the Exposition Phase II Light Rail Transit (LRT) line expected to arrive in Santa Monica by The model also includes all identified related projects and street network changes. Local trip generation rates were developed and calibrated for existing conditions (2008) as part of the Santa Monica TDFM development for a variety of land use types. As part of the model development, these existing trip generation rates were initially based on residential trip generation surveys, the SCAG regional model, the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) trip generation survey, recently calibrated models in similar areas, and Trip Generation, 8 th Edition (Institute of Transportation Engineers [ITE], 2008). The rates were then modified to account for local conditions based on counts, production- to-attraction balancing, and the difference between ITE and model land use definitions. AREA TYPES The existing Santa Monica trip generation rates are unique to the Santa Monica model, and they are ultimately based on the results of model calibration and validation. Two sets of rates were developed. The first includes areas of the City in Downtown Santa Monica and the Special Office District, which are determined to have lower trip generation rates through calibration and validation of the Santa Monica TDFM (reflecting characteristics such as higher built environment density, numerous transit lines, and a greater share of pedestrian trips). The second rate includes the remainder of the City. These areas are shown in Figure 1. REDUCING AUTOMOBILE TRIPS The Santa Monica LUCE adopted in July 2010 provides a framework for integrating land use and transportation to reduce vehicle trips; encourage walking, bicycling and transit use; and create active, pedestrian-oriented iented neighborhoods. The LUCE establishes the goal of achieving no net new evening peak period vehicle trips generated within Santa Monica. There are three ways that trip generation rates are reduced in response to future conditions: the 4Ds, the Expo Line, and LUCE TDM strategies. 4Ds The Ds method (commonly known as the 4Ds, although later expanded to include more than four built environment factors) was used to evaluate the transportation effects of Smart Growth development in Santa Monica for the LUCE. The 4Ds are based on a substantial library of research on the relationship

5 between travel and the built environment, which has been distilled to a single set of numerical values by a panel of national experts. The 4Ds predict the degree to which trip generation will increase or decline with changes to: Density - residential and non-residential development per acre Diversity - mix of residential, retail and employment land uses Design - connectivity and walkability of the site's transportation networks Destination Accessibility - location relative to the major regional attractions, as infill sites generate fewer and shorter vehicle trips than fringe area development These variables include decreases in vehicle trips that would typically be attributed to pass-by trips, internal capture, and other credits. Expo Line The Expo Line is projected to open in Expo Line stations within range of Santa Monica will be located at Colorado Avenue & 4 th Street, Colorado Avenue & 17 th Street, Olympic Boulevard & 26 th Street, and Exposition Boulevard & Bundy Drive. A project receives an Expo Line reduction if it is within ½-mile walking distance from the station (Google maps is one method for performing this calculation). Note that the Expo Line should not be included in approval year analyses until it is operational. Trip reductions attributed to Expo Line riders were estimated with a direct ridership model (DRM). DRMs use multivariate regression and other statistical models based on empirical local data to determine the station characteristics that most influence rail transit patronage. They respond directly to factors such as parking, bus levels, station-area households and employment, and the effects of transit-oriented development (TOD). DRMs are a more efficient and responsive means of forecasting the effects of individual station activities than conventional transit patronage models. Rail ridership is traditionally forecast with region-wide travel demand models, which often represent transportation networks and land use at an aggregate scale. Such models are relatively unresponsive to changes in station-level land use and transit service characteristics. DRMs are directly and quantitatively responsive to land use and transit service characteristics in the immediate vicinity and catchment area of existing transit stations. The DRM developed for this study predicts changes in ridership in the vicinity of four individual Expo Line stations based on empirical relationships found in statistical analysis of Los Angeles County light rail system ridership data. LUCE TDM Strategies The LUCE proposes the creation of a comprehensive multi-modal transportation system that builds on the City s investment in transit and the opportunity offered by the coming of the Expo Line. The LUCE describes a series of TDM strategies for improving the transportation system in the City of Santa Monica, and these strategies are the basis for trip reductions assumed in the City s TDFM: Parking policies that address parking requirements, unbundling parking, and parking pricing Improvements to bicycle, pedestrian, and transit networks TDM policies such as subsidized transit passes, parking cash out, car sharing, and bike sharing Mode shift policies such as safe routes to school, carpooling, telecommuting, and alternative work schedules A TDM plan and a commitment to achieve LUCE-compliant trip rates is a requirement for project approval, and the project applicant must agree to yearly monitoring, reporting, and enforcement (if 2

6 needed). If monitoring and reporting shows that the LUCE rates are not being achieved, the City may require implementation of additional TDM measures to achieve such rates. A series of Transportation Management Associations (TMA) may be formed to manage TDM programs. A transportation impact fee will be collected to fund improvements to transit, bicycle, and pedestrian networks. To account for the progressive implementation of LUCE trip reduction strategies over time, rates were developed for two different future years: 2020 and Although land uses with high shares of commute trips (such as offices) are those most affected by TDM measures, trip generation rates for all land uses are projected to be affected. To varying degrees, LUCE trip reduction strategies will alter trip generation characteristics across all land uses, both existing and future. Trip Reductions by Year The transportation analysis conducted for the LUCE EIR estimated that there would be an overall trip reduction of 24.9% for future commuters and 16.4% for existing commuters at year 2030 due to the combined effect of various LUCE policies and strategies affecting commuter tripmaking. For 2020, the 24.9% trip reduction factor for new commuters at future developments subject to LUCE policies is also assumed. The level of reduction for existing commuters is less than the 16.4% assumed at year 2030, reflecting the gradual implementation of policies and physical improvements. It was conservatively assumed that 33% of planned strategies affecting trip reduction would be in place by 2020, resulting in a 5.5% reduction in trips for existing commuters. RATE DIFFERENTIATION The choice of which trip generation rate to use for a particular calculation depends on whether: The analysis is for an existing or proposed project land use The analysis is for approval year or future year The analysis year is 2020 or 2030 The project is located in Area Type 1 or 2 The project is within ½-mile walking distance from an Expo Line station The project is within a TDM district (for projects in Area Type 2) TRIP GENERATION RATE APPLICABILITY Trip generation rates are provided for the following common Santa Monica land uses: single-family residential, multi-family residential (for ownership of zero, one and two or more cars), convalescent care, office, creative office, government office, medical office, hospital, restaurant (not intended for stand-alone fast food restaurants), retail, and light industrial. If a project proposes a land use that does not reasonably fit any of the categories provided, an alternative trip generation rate can be used from another source, including ITE. Appropriate adjustments may be made to reflect factors such as anticipated TDM trip reductions and proximity to proposed Expo Line stations. Peak hour in and out splits will continue to be derived from ITE ratios. Empirical studies may also be conducted to derive trip generation rates. Multi-family residential trip generation rates are provided for zero-car households, one-car households and two-or-more-car households. Unless better information is known for a particular project, it is recommended that the zero-car household rates be used for transitional housing, the one-car household rates be used for studio and one-bedroom units when parking-based trip reduction programs are in place, and the two-or-more-car household rates be used for two-or-more-bedroom residential units, whether they are apartments or condominiums. Note that estimating auto ownership for trip generation purposes does not dictate parking requirements for a site. NON-AUTO, INTERNAL AND PASS-BY TRIP REDUCTIONS The Santa Monica TDFM trip generation rates reflect the urban, mixed-use, and transit-rich nature of the City of Santa Monica. The rates have been calibrated to include the effect of the 4Ds: density, diversity of 3

7 nearby land uses, design connectivity, and destinations (regional accessibility). Therefore, further discounts to reflect pass-by trips, internal trip reductions within a proposed mixed-use project, or transit proximity are unnecessary. Multiple Modes Trip generation rates from the TDFM are lower than ITE rates because ITE rates are based on data primarily collected at suburban locations having little or no transit service, nearby pedestrian amenities, or travel demand management (TDM) programs, as noted in the Trip Generation User s Guide (ITE, 2008). ITE uses suburban data because it minimizes differences in trip generation resulting from the use of alternative modes and disincentives to drive, such as priced parking. By contrast, TDFM trip generation rates reflect existing travel behavior in Santa Monica, including comparably high shares of travel by non-auto modes. Internalized Trips ITE trip generation data is often collected at stand-alone locations where interactions from other land uses will not affect travel to and from the land use being studied. When ITE rates are used in urban locations, internal trip reductions are manually applied to account for the movement of people between land uses in close proximity. Because the TDFM is based on counts collected in Santa Monica, the effect of internalized trips is inherently reflected in the model s trip generation rates. Pass-by Trips ITE rates do not reflect pass-by trips (trips made as part of another trip) because ITE rates are produced from driveway counts, treating land uses as if they exist in isolation. While the TDFM does not explicitly model trip linking, it was calibrated and validated based on count data from City streets. As a result, the TDFM trip generation rates reflect conditions in the City under which pass-by trip making is currently occurring. CHOOSING APPROPRIATE RATES Flow Charts Figures 2 and 3 provide guidance on choosing appropriate trip generation rates. To calculate a trip generation credit for an existing land use, use Figure 2. To calculate trip generation for a proposed project, use Figure 3. Example Consider a hypothetical example: Current Year 2011 Site at Wilshire Boulevard & 21 st Street Current land use on the site is a restaurant Future land use on the site is an office building Expected completion date of the office building is 2016 Four separate trip generation rates will be needed: 1) Existing land use for approval year analysis. There is an existing land use on the site, so the trip credit for the existing land use must be calculated. To use the TDFM rate, consult Figure 2. a. Is the site in Area Type 1 or 2? Area Type 2. See Figure 1. b. Since Expo has not been built yet, and the TDM reductions will take place in the future, neither Expo nor TDM reductions apply for an existing land use under the approval year scenario. c. Use Table 2, as shown in the flow chart. 4

8 2) Existing land use for future year analysis. To use the TDFM rate, consult Figure 2. a or 2030? The project will be completed in 2016, so use the closest year, b. Area Type 2. c. Within ½-mile of an Expo station? Google shows that the site is 0.8 miles away from the closest Expo station at Colorado Avenue & 17 th Street, measured according to a pedestrian travel path. d. TDM district? As shown in Figure 1, the site is within a TDM district. e. Use Table 6. 3) Proposed project for approval year analysis. To use the TDFM rate, consult Figure 3. a or 2030? Since the project will be analyzed for 2020, choose 2020 because this is the standard of trip reduction that the project will be held to. b. Area Type 2. c. No Expo reduction. There are no Expo reductions in the approval year analysis because the Expo Line is not yet part of the existing transportation system. d. Yes to TDM reduction. e. Use Table 16. 4) Proposed project for future year analysis. To use the TDFM rate, consult Figure 3. a. Year 2020 b. Area Type 2 c. No Expo reduction d. Yes to TDM reduction e. Use Table 16. In this example, the trip generation rates for the approval year analysis and the future year analysis are the same. This occurs because the only difference between rates used for the approval year and rates used for the future year is Expo, and the project does not receive an Expo reduction. Other than the Expo line, proposed projects are held to the same standards of trip reduction in both approval year and future year analyses. 5

9 LEGEND Model Area Type 1 2 Area Type 1 - Downtown Santa Monica and Special Office District Area Type 2 - Remaining Areas of City of Santa Monica Demand Management Zone BUNDY DR MARINE ST Miles SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION AREA TYPES AND TDM ZONES FIGURE 1 28TH ST 23RD ST OCEAN PARK BLVD MAIN ST BARNARD WAY PEARL ST NEILSON WAY PICO BLVD EXPOSITION BLVD 14TH ST CIVIC CENTER DR CENTINELA AVE OLYMPIC BLVD 10 STEWART ST CLOVERFIELD BLVD COLORADO AVE OCEAN AVE 20TH ST BROADWAY SANTA MONICA BLVD 5TH ST 2ND ST 6TH ST 4TH ST 26TH ST ARIZONA AVE }þ 1 WILSHIRE BLVD LINCOLN BLVD WASHINGTON AVE 11TH ST 7TH ST IDAHO AVE PACIFIC COAST HWY MONTANA AVE SAN VICENTE BLVD

10 FIGURE 2 EXISTING LAND USE (FOR TRIP GENERATION CREDIT) - TRIP GENERATION RATE CHART Approval Year Analysis Future + Project Analysis Proposed Project Analysis Year AREA TYPE Is site in Area Type 1 or 2? See Figure EXPO LINE Is site ½ walking-mile from a station? Y N Y N Y N Y N TDM Is site within a TDM district? See Figure 1. Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y N TABLE

11 FIGURE 3 PROPOSED PROJECT - TRIP GENERATION RATE CHART Proposed Project Analysis Year AREA TYPE Is site in Area Type 1 or 2? See Figure EXPO LINE Is site ½ walking-mile from a station? Note that the Expo Line must be operational during the period in question in order to choose a Yes path. Y N Y N Y N Y N TDM Is site within a TDM district? See Figure 1. Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y N TABLE

12 TABLE 1 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - AREA TYPE 1 SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2008 EXISTING LAND USE AREA TYPE 1 WITHOUT EXPO & TDM REDUCTIONS Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 2 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2008 EXISTING LAND USE WITHOUT EXPO & TDM REDUCTIONS Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

13 TABLE 3 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - AREA TYPE 1 - WITH EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 AREA TYPE 1 WITH EXPO REDUCTIONS WITH TDM REDUCTIONS Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 4 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - AREA TYPE 1 - WITHOUT EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 AREA TYPE 1 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTIONS WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

14 TABLE 5 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - - WITH EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 WITH EXPO REDUCTIONS WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 6 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - - WITHOUT EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTIONS WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

15 TABLE 7 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - - WITHOUT EXPO & TDM EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITHOUT TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

16 TABLE 8 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - AREA TYPE 1 - WITH EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 AREA TYPE 1 WITH EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 9 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - AREA TYPE 1 - WITHOUT EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 AREA TYPE 1 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

17 TABLE 10 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - - WITH EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 WITH EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 11 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - - WITHOUT EXPO EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

18 TABLE 12 YEAR EXISTING LAND USE - - WITHOUT EXPO & TDM EXISTING LAND USE SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITHOUT TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

19 TABLE 13 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - AREA TYPE 1 - WITH EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 PROPOSED PROJECT AREA TYPE 1 WITH EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 14 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - AREA TYPE 1 - WITHOUT EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 PROPOSED PROJECT AREA TYPE 1 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

20 TABLE 15 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - - WITH EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 PROPOSED PROJECT WITH EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 16 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - - WITHOUT EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 PROPOSED PROJECT WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

21 TABLE 17 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - - WITHOUT EXPO & TDM SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2020 PROPOSED PROJECT WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITHOUT TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Weekend Mid Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

22 TABLE 18 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - AREA TYPE 1 - WITH EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 PROPOSED PROJECT AREA TYPE 1 WITH EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 19 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - AREA TYPE 1 - WITHOUT EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 PROPOSED PROJECT AREA TYPE 1 WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

23 TABLE 20 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - - WITH EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 PROPOSED PROJECT WITH EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF TABLE 21 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - - WITHOUT EXPO SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 PROPOSED PROJECT WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITH TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

24 TABLE 22 YEAR PROPOSED PROJECT - - WITHOUT EXPO & TDM SANTA MONICA TRIP GENERATION RATES 2030 PROPOSED PROJECT WITHOUT EXPO REDUCTION WITHOUT TDM REDUCTION Land Use Type Units Daily AM Peak Hour PM Peak Hour Single-Family DU Multi-Family Zero Cars DU Multi-Family One Car DU Multi-Family Two or More Cars DU Convalescent Care DU Non- Office KSF Creative Office KSF Government Office KSF n/a n/a n/a Medical Office KSF Hospital KSF Restaurant KSF Retail KSF Light Industrial KSF

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