EU s Asylum Policy and the Danish Justice and Home Affairs Opt-Out

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "EU s Asylum Policy and the Danish Justice and Home Affairs Opt-Out"

Transcription

1 EU s Asylum Policy and the Danish Justice and Home Affairs Opt-Out Marlene Wind, Professor and Director of Centre for European Politics, Department of Political Science, University of Copenhagen Professor at icourts & University of Oslo

2 Agenda 1. The background and legal framework 2. The current refugee crisis and the uneven burden-sharing 3. Why no real common EU policy? 4. Denmark and the Danish opt-out on Justice and home affairs will changing the opt-out status change much when it comes to asylum seekers?

3 EU s Asylum Policy The Dublin Convention from 1990 (revised in 2013) an intergovernmental agreement on determining responsibility among the EC Member States for handling asylum applications. The Treaty of Amsterdam 1998 moved immigration and asylum policies from the intergovernmental level to the supra-national level, and provided the EU institutions with new powers to draw up legislation in the areas of immigration and asylum. At the Tampere Summit in 1999 the first steps to a Common European Asylum System (CEAS) were taken.

4 What does the treaties say? In 2009 art. 18 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights on the Right to Asylum was included in the Lisbon Treaty and the Article 78 in TFEU stipulates that: The Union shall develop a common policy on asylum, subsidiary protection and temporary protection with a view to offering appropriate status to any third-country national requiring international protection and ensuring compliance with the principle of non-refoulement. This policy must be in accordance with the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 relating to the status of refugees, and other relevant treaties.

5 The EU Member States re-committed themselves to CEAS in the Stockholm programme and agreed that: Efforts must be made to set up the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) by By providing a common asylum procedure for EU countries and a uniform status for those who have been granted international protection, the CEAS would create an area of protection and solidarity within the EU. Again in June 2014 the European Council s commitments were reaffirmed in its conclusions: The Union's commitment to international protection requires a strong European asylum policy based on solidarity and responsibility. The full transposition and effective implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) is an absolute priority. ( ) Converging practices will enhance mutual trust and allow to move to future next steps.

6 CEAS thin Legal Framework Open boarders and freedom of movement create a need for a common and joint approach within the area of asylum and immigration. The aims of CEAS are to create common standards and harmonise procedures. to secure asylum applicants are treated equally where ever in the Union they apply for asylum. Key Directives and Regulations The Asylum Procedures Directive (2005, recast 2013) The Reception Conditions Directive (2003, recast 2013) The Qualification Directive (2004, recast 2013) The EURODAC Regulation (2000, recast 2013) The Dublin Regulation II & III (2003, recast 2013) Denmark and the EU agreed in 2006 on a parallel agreement on the Dublin Regulation and the Eurodac database.

7 EU s Asylum Policy the Reality The current system doesn t live up to the EU s own commitments and ambitions, actually far from it! Problems: Very big differences between the number of applications the Member States receive Dublin criterion of first state entered is an arbitrary criteria for responsibility determination and can create a asylum lottery Different standards for examining asylum claims and non-compliance with EU obligations in some Member States -> no trust!! Race to the bottom: Member States implicitly make an effort to be an un-attractive destination for asylum seekers The system puts a disproportionate pressure on the reception capacity of the Member States that make up the EU s external boarders The system encourage irregular secondary movement within the Union The Dublin regulation is not consistent with the Treaty - requiring the principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility when it comes to asylum policy!

8 Problems continued A conflict between the Northern and the Southern Member States is inherent in the way the Dublin regulation determines responsibility for asylum applications The EU has not been able to find a solution to the disfunctioning of the asylum systems and the very poor conditions for the asylum seekers in some of the most burdened EU Member States In stead the grave conditions have made the European Court of Human Rights prohibit or suspend of Dublin-transfers

9 Dublin has de-facto broken down! Rulings from the European Court of Human Rights A ruling by the European Court of Human Rights in 2011 prohibited the transfer of asylum seekers back to Greece due to inhumane conditions and deficiencies in the country s asylum procedure In a ruling in November 2014 the European Court of Human Rights pointed out that there are 'serious doubts' about the capacity of the reception system for asylum-seekers in Italy, with reports of over-crowding and poor conditions Moreover, due to severe criticism in a UNHCR report from 2014 of the workings of the asylum system and the reception conditions in Bulgaria the Danish government suspended in 2014 Dublin-transfers of asylum seekers to Bulgaria

10 Dias 10 Regional Distribution EU28 mid-2014 Percentage and Number of Refugees and Asylum Seekers Northern, Benelux and France, Southern, and the Central & Eastern European Countries (UNHCR data mid-2014) CEE; ; 3% Southern; ; 14% Benelux, France , 28% Northern ; ; 55% Centre for European Politics 10 March 2015 Røde Kors Conference

11 10 March 2015 Røde Kors Conference Dias 11

12 What can be done? A European distribution key based on: Member states reception and integration capacities, GDP, population size, territorial size, unemployment rate. Responsibility determination based on the asylum seekers connection to a member state in terms of family relations, linguistic, cultural and educational connections. This would enhance possibilities of integration, reduce the dependence on the receiving State, and discourage irregular movement within the Union. Free choice of member state to examine the application by the asylum seeker. It has been argued that this could be more cost efficient then the current system. However distrust and lacking solidarity is the current state of affairs!

13 Now to the Danish case!

14 The Danish Opt-out on Justice and Home Affairs 1. In 1993 DK got four opt-out s to the Maastricht treaty Defence, Union citizenship, the EURO and Justice and Home affairs 2. The Danish arrangement on Justice and Home Affairs was interpreted in such a way, that DK could only participate on an intergovernmental level. PROBLEM? Yes, when Lisbon was adopted in 2009 the remains of the J&H pillar i.e. police cooperation, was moved from pillar 3 to pillar 1 (Supra-national). This means that DK will be excluded from Europol when this area very soon will become supranational. 3. In Lisbon we were offered a so-called opt-in model which means that DK from case to case can decide what to cooperate on supranationally.

15 A Danish opt-in referendum without Asylum and immigration policy 4. DK then needs a referendum to say yes to this arrangement BUT a majority in Parliament wants to promise the voters that Asylum and immigration will NOT be part of it! My argument is that this is a paradox! DK will have no influence if Dublin were transformed and a more fair Asylum policy will be decided As we receive relatively many asylum seekers it would be big advantage for DK to work and even push for a change to the current system!

16 The EU s Asylum Policy and the Danish JHA opt-out Denmark is placed within the top 5 when it comes to applications received per 1000 inhabitants in 2014 Asylum Applications Received per 1000 Inhabitants in EU-28 in 2014 Sweden Hungary Malta Denmark Germany Luxembourg Belgium Cyprus Netherlands Bulgaria EU-total Italy France Greece Finland United Ireland Poland Latvia Slovenia Lithuania Spain Estonia Czech Croatia Romania Slovakia Portugal

17 Interestingly, there is high public support among the Danes for the creation of a more fair system 58% agree partly or completely to the statement that the EU member states should commit themselves to distributing refugees in a way based on solidarity (Source: Yougov and article in Mandag Morgen by Andreas Baumann).

18 Dias 18 Discussion 1. The Danes (or in particular the politicians) have a priori abandonned a constructive debate on DK s contribution to solving the refugee crisis in Europe by excluding this from the referendum 2. DK and Europe will have to start thinking differently about burden-sharing nothing suggests that the problem will go away! 3. The EU is ageing and will be in severe need of foreign workers in the future. Perhaps the two challenges should meet also in EU and national policy making? Centre for European Politics 10 March 2015 Røde Kors Conference

19 Center for Europæisk Politik Number of applicants total EU EU Dias 19

20 Number of applicants total EU Denmark Sweden Dias 20

21 Number of applicants per 1000 Inhabitants EU Denmark Sweden marts 2015 Dias 21

22 Country of origin EU Syria Eritrea Afghanistan Kosovo Serbia Pakistan Iraq Nigeria Russia Dias 22

23 Country of origin EU-28 (2014) 19% Syria Eritrea Afghanistan 44% 6% Kosovo Serbia Pakistan 6% Iraq Nigeria 6% Russia Other 5% 3% 3% 4% 4% Dias 23

24 Country of origin Denmark Syria Eritrea Stateless Somalia Russia Afghanistan Iran Morocco Iraq Dias 24

25 Country of origin Denmark (2014) 1% 1% 2% 2% 4% 5% 8% 13% 15% 49% Syria Eritrea Stateless Somalia Russia Afghanistan Iran Morocco Iraq Other Dias 25

26 EU and Denmark compared (2014) EU - total Denmark Other 44% Syria 19% Eritrea 6% Afghanistan 6% Morocco 1% Russia 4% Iran 2% Afghanistan 2% Iraq 1% Somalia 5% Other 13% Syria 49% Kosovo 6% Stateless 8% Russia 3% Nigeria 3% Iraq 4% Serbia 5% Pakistan 4% Eritrea 15% Dias 26

27 Percentage of positive first instance decisions on (non-eu) asylum applications (2013) Centre for European Politics Bulgaria (2.810) Malta (1.905) Romania (1.435) Netherlands (15.590) Italy (23.565) Sweden (45.005) Finland (3.185) Portugal (305) Denmark (6.965) Czech Republic (900) United Kingdom (22.355) Slovakia (190) EU-28 ( ) Lithuania (175) Austria (16.610) Belgium (21.390) Germany (76.165) Latvia (95) Poland (2895 Spain (2365) Cyprus (800) Estonia (55) Slovenia (195) Ireland (840) France (61.715) Croatia (185) Luxembourg (1.245) Hungary (4.540) Greece (13.080) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Dias 27

28 Percentage of positive final decisions on (non-eu) asylum applications, 2013 Estonia (0) Bulgaria (40) Italy (95) Finland (230) Romania (1.550) Netherlands (1.895) United Kingdom (14.010) Denmark (1.660) Greece (3.900) Austria (6.860) Sweden (12.955) EU-28 ( ) Latvia (55) Germany (36.660) France (37.550) Lithuania (35) Ireland (580) Cyprus (960) Hungary (685) Czech Republic (415) Poland (1.050) Slovakia (115) Belgium (11.485) Spain (1.110) Luxembourg (670) Slovenia (60) Portugal (100) Malta (140) Croatia (95) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Dias 28

Asylum decisions in the EU EU Member States granted protection to more than 185 000 asylum seekers in 2014 Syrians remain the main beneficiaries

Asylum decisions in the EU EU Member States granted protection to more than 185 000 asylum seekers in 2014 Syrians remain the main beneficiaries 82/2015-12 May 2015 Asylum decisions in the EU EU Member States granted to more than 185 000 asylum seekers in 2014 Syrians remain the main beneficiaries This News Release has been revised on 21 May following

More information

Asylum in the EU The number of asylum applicants in the EU jumped to more than 625 000 in 2014 20% were Syrians

Asylum in the EU The number of asylum applicants in the EU jumped to more than 625 000 in 2014 20% were Syrians 53/2015-20 March 2015 Asylum in the EU The number of asylum applicants in the EU jumped to more than 625 000 in 2014 20% were Syrians Over a year, the number of asylum applicants 1 registered in the European

More information

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 17.9.2014 C(2014) 6767 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION Updating of data used to calculate lump sum and penalty payments to be proposed by the Commission to the Court

More information

European Refugee Policy

European Refugee Policy European Refugee Policy Pathways to Fairer Burden-Sharing Steffen Angenendt, Marcus Engler and Jan Schneider Introduction Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security

More information

Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve

Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve Employment rate higher again in Hungary According to the latest data, the positive trend regarding growth in the number of people in employment has

More information

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim?

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? EN I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? A Information about the Dublin Regulation for applicants for international protection pursuant to article 4 of Regulation (EU) No

More information

Monthly Report on Asylum Applications in The Netherlands and Europe

Monthly Report on Asylum Applications in The Netherlands and Europe Asylum Trends Monthly Report on Asylum Applications in The Netherlands and Europe November 2013 2014 November 2014 Colophon Title Subtitle Author Asylum Trends Monthly Report on Asylum Applications in

More information

What is the European Union? A unique economic and political partnership between 27 democratic European countries. What are its aims?

What is the European Union? A unique economic and political partnership between 27 democratic European countries. What are its aims? What is the European Union? A unique economic and political partnership between 27 democratic European countries. What are its aims? Peace, prosperity and freedom for its 495 million citizens in a fairer,

More information

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Erasmus+ Master Loan: opening up access to more affordable lending for cross-border studies The Erasmus+ programme makes it possible for students who want to take a full Masters level

More information

Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women

Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women 75/2015-27 April 2015 Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women Among the 44.1 million persons in the European Union

More information

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Ref. Ares(2015)660570-17/02/2015 ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Erasmus+ Master Loan: opening up access to more affordable lending for cross-border studies The Erasmus+ programme makes it possible for students

More information

Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process

Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process (EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative) Rome, 28 th November 2014 We, Ministers of the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

More information

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 Bankruptcy Systems and In-court Reorganisation of Firms, 2010 Content: 1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 3. Perception of Creditor Committees, Fast

More information

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments January 20, 2015 ShadEcEurope31_January2015.doc Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments by Friedrich Schneider *)

More information

IMMIGRATION TO AND EMIGRATION FROM GERMANY IN THE LAST FEW YEARS

IMMIGRATION TO AND EMIGRATION FROM GERMANY IN THE LAST FEW YEARS IMMIGRATION TO AND EMIGRATION FROM GERMANY IN THE LAST FEW YEARS Bernd Geiss* Germany, Destination for Migrants Germany is in the middle of Europe and has common borders with nine countries. Therefore,

More information

Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU

Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU 92/2015-27 May 2015 Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU In the European Union (EU), household electricity prices 1 rose by

More information

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION This survey serves as a background document for the discussion of the Commission's legislative proposal to modernize the minimum requirements

More information

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50.

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50. Overall Results Climate Change Performance Index 2012 Table 1 Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 1* Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 21 - Egypt***

More information

Erasmus+ International Cooperation

Erasmus+ International Cooperation International Cooperation Work together with European higher education institutions ? The EU's programme to support education, training youth & sport Funding for programmes, projects & scholarships Fosters

More information

CABINET OFFICE THE CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES

CABINET OFFICE THE CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES ANNEX A CABINET OFFICE THE CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES Introduction The Civil Service Nationality Rules concern eligibility for employment in the Civil Service on the grounds of nationality and must

More information

SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES

SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES Table of Contents SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES 1. Introduction 1.1 Application of this Instruction in Respect of Children and those with Children 2. The Dublin Arrangements 3. The

More information

GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL

GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL 1 Agenda 1. Europe 3 2. Americas 45 3. Asia & Near East 54 4. Afrika 66 5. Australia 68 6. Overview of countries and available levels 70 2 2 EUROPE 4 GfK

More information

The Guardianship Service

The Guardianship Service The Guardianship Service How can they help you? When you arrive in Belgium Are you under the age of 18 and have you arrived in Belgium without your father or mother? You are searching for support and accommodation

More information

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA NOTE: IMMIGRATION TO CANADA 1928-1971 RANK COUNTRY OF ORIGIN TOTALS 1 United Kingdom * 1152415 2 United States of America 527346 3 Italy 471940 4 Germany 370641 5 Netherlands 185664 6 Poland 117244 7 Greece

More information

Family benefits Information about health insurance country. Udbetaling Danmark Kongens Vænge 8 3400 Hillerød. A. Personal data

Family benefits Information about health insurance country. Udbetaling Danmark Kongens Vænge 8 3400 Hillerød. A. Personal data Mail to Udbetaling Danmark Kongens Vænge 8 3400 Hillerød Family benefits Information about health insurance country A. Personal data Name Danish civil registration (CPR) number Address Telephone number

More information

Actual annual working time in France and in Europe in 2013

Actual annual working time in France and in Europe in 2013 Actual annual working time in France and in Europe in 2013 Update to the January 2012 study plus new data Summary of the Working Paper N.49 : La durée effective du travail en France et en Europe (June

More information

Keeping European Consumers safe Rapid Alert System for dangerous non-food products 2014

Keeping European Consumers safe Rapid Alert System for dangerous non-food products 2014 Keeping European Consumers safe Rapid Alert System for dangerous non-food products 2014 COMPLETE STATISTICS Justice and Consumers Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers Directorate Consumers Unit

More information

- Assessment of the application by Member States of European Union VAT provisions with particular relevance to the Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS) -

- Assessment of the application by Member States of European Union VAT provisions with particular relevance to the Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS) - - Assessment of the application by Member States of European Union VAT provisions with particular relevance to the Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS) - BACKGROUND The information available on this website relates

More information

Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2010

Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2010 Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2010 Statistical overview of asylum applications lodged in Europe and selected non-european countries Division of Programme Support and Management 28

More information

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006 ERMInE Database Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 26 Overview Content of the Ermine Database Electronic Questionnaire RTD&D Data

More information

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States.

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States. ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT An area without internal borders where EU citizens and non-eu nationals may move freely EU Schengen States Non-Schengen EU States IS Azores

More information

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Erasmus+ Master Loan: opening up access to more affordable lending for cross-border studies The Erasmus+ programme makes it possible for students who want to take a full Master's-level

More information

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 2 May 2011 9564/11. Interinstitutional File: 2010/0210 (COD)

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 2 May 2011 9564/11. Interinstitutional File: 2010/0210 (COD) COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 2 May 2011 Interinstitutional File: 2010/0210 (COD) 9564/11 SOC 372 MIGR 99 CODEC 714 DRS 64 WTO 187 SERVICES 66 NOTE from: Council General Secretariat to: Delegations

More information

Budapest Process A Silk Routes Partnership for Migration

Budapest Process A Silk Routes Partnership for Migration Budapest Process A Silk Routes Partnership for Migration Fethi Etem, Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs 22 May 2013, Lima Presentation 1. What is the Budapest Process? 2. The Istanbul Ministerial Declaration

More information

THE ORGANISATION AND FINANCING OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN LATVIA

THE ORGANISATION AND FINANCING OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN LATVIA THE ORGANISATION AND FINANCING OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN LATVIA Eriks Mikitis Ministry of Health of the Republic of Latvia Department of Health Care Director General facts, financial resources Ministry

More information

168/2014-4 November 2014. At risk of poverty or social exclusion 2 rate in the EU28, 2008-2013 (% of total population)

168/2014-4 November 2014. At risk of poverty or social exclusion 2 rate in the EU28, 2008-2013 (% of total population) 168/2014-4 November 2014 At risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU28 More than 120 million persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2013 Almost 1 out of every 4 persons in the EU in this

More information

Facts: Population Baldwin & Wyplosz 2006

Facts: Population Baldwin & Wyplosz 2006 Facts: Population Facts: Population 6 big nations: > 35 million (Germany, the UK, France, Italy, Spain and Poland). Netherlands: 16 million people. 8 small nations (size of a big city): 8 to 11 million:

More information

187/2014-5 December 2014. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter

187/2014-5 December 2014. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter 187/2014-5 December 2014 This News Release has been revised following an error in the data for Gross Fixed Capital Formation. This affects both the growth of GFCF and its contribution to GDP growth. All

More information

99/2015-9 June 2015. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter

99/2015-9 June 2015. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter 2005Q1 2005Q2 2005Q3 2005Q4 2006Q1 2006Q2 2006Q3 2006Q4 2007Q1 2007Q2 2007Q3 2007Q4 2008Q1 2008Q2 2008Q3 2008Q4 2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4 2012Q1

More information

13 th Economic Trends Survey of the Architects Council of Europe

13 th Economic Trends Survey of the Architects Council of Europe 13 th Economic Trends Survey 13 th Economic Trends Survey of the Architects Council of Europe 13 th Economic Trends Survey Breakdown of responses COUNTRY ANSWERS France 1464 Belgium 399 Spain 365 Italy

More information

193/2014-15 December 2014. Hourly labour costs in the EU28 Member States, 2012 (in )

193/2014-15 December 2014. Hourly labour costs in the EU28 Member States, 2012 (in ) 193/2014-15 December 2014 Labour Cost Survey 2012 in the EU28 Labour costs highest in the financial and insurance sector Three times higher than in the accommodation and food sector In 2012, average hourly

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter 4 2015

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter 4 2015 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE Quarter 4 2015 Alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) registrations: +20.0% in 2015; +21.1% in Q4 In the fourth quarter of 2015, total alternative

More information

Ad-Hoc Query on the international protection granted/rejected to the Pakistani nationals and their return to their country of origin

Ad-Hoc Query on the international protection granted/rejected to the Pakistani nationals and their return to their country of origin Ad-Hoc Query on the international protection granted/rejected to the Pakistani nationals and their return to their country of origin Requested by SK EMN NCP on 19 th May 2009 Compilation produced on 15

More information

Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization

Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization BSR Innovation Express: Cluster- to- Cluster Conference Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization Jens Peter Vittrup Special Adviser Email: jpv@ai.dk Why international R&I cooperation?

More information

Waste. Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014. Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency

Waste. Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014. Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency Waste Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014 Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency Waste and material resources MAWP Strategic Area 1.9 Objective

More information

European judicial training 2014. Justice

European judicial training 2014. Justice European judicial training 2014 Justice Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union. Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone

More information

Computing our Future Computer programming and coding in schools in Europe. Anja Balanskat, Senior Manager European Schoolnet

Computing our Future Computer programming and coding in schools in Europe. Anja Balanskat, Senior Manager European Schoolnet Computing our Future Computer programming and coding in schools in Europe Anja Balanskat, Senior Manager European Schoolnet ABOUT THE SURVEY What do Ministries currently think about the topic? Curricula

More information

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3 ?? Directorate-General for Communication PUBLIC OPINION MONITORING UNIT 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS DESK RESEARCH Brussels, April 2015 Profile of voters and abstainees in the European elections 2014 INTRODUCTION...

More information

Alcohol Consumption in Ireland 1986-2006 A Report for the Health Service Executive

Alcohol Consumption in Ireland 1986-2006 A Report for the Health Service Executive Alcohol Consumption in Ireland 1986-2006 A Report for the Health Service Executive Prepared by Dr. Ann Hope This report should be referenced: Hope, A. (2007). Alcohol consumption in Ireland 1986-2006.

More information

Asylum Trends, First half 2014

Asylum Trends, First half 2014 Asylum Trends, First half 2014 Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries Trends at a Glance First half 2014 in review 24% An estimated 330,700 new asylum applications were recorded between January

More information

A European Unemployment Insurance Scheme

A European Unemployment Insurance Scheme A European Unemployment Insurance Scheme Necessary? Desirable? Optimal? Grégory Claeys, Research Fellow, Bruegel Zsolt Darvas, Senior Fellow, Bruegel Guntram Wolff, Director, Bruegel July, 2014 Key messages

More information

TPI: Traffic Psychology International on a common European curriculum for postgraduate education in traffic psychology

TPI: Traffic Psychology International on a common European curriculum for postgraduate education in traffic psychology TPI: Traffic Psychology International on a common European curriculum for postgraduate education in traffic psychology Sucha, M.*, Sramkova, L.** DeVol, D.* * TPI - Traffic Psychology International **

More information

Statewatch Briefing ID Cards in the EU: Current state of play

Statewatch Briefing ID Cards in the EU: Current state of play Statewatch Briefing ID Cards in the EU: Current state of play Introduction In March 2010, the Council Presidency sent out a questionnaire to EU Member States and countries that are members of the socalled

More information

Annual report 2009: the state of the drugs problem in Europe

Annual report 2009: the state of the drugs problem in Europe Annual report 2009: the state of the drugs problem in Europe International Conference: New trends in drug use: facts and solutions, Parliament of the Republic of Vilnius - 5 November 2009 Dagmar Hedrich

More information

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 25.9.2014 COM(2014) 592 final REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL on the implementation in the period from 4 December 2011 until 31 December

More information

Where science & ethics meet. The EFGCP Report on The Procedure for the Ethical Review of Protocols for Clinical Research Projects in Europe and Beyond

Where science & ethics meet. The EFGCP Report on The Procedure for the Ethical Review of Protocols for Clinical Research Projects in Europe and Beyond Where science & ethics meet The EFGCP Report on The Procedure for the Ethical Review of Protocols for Clinical Research Projects in Europe and Beyond Question 21 What training programmes are available

More information

72/2015-21 April 2015

72/2015-21 April 2015 72/2015-21 April 2015 Provision of deficit and debt data for 2014 - first notification Euro area and EU28 government deficit at 2.4% and 2.9% of GDP respectively Government debt at 91.9% and 86.8% In 2014,

More information

Students: undergraduate and graduate students who are currently enrolled in universities

Students: undergraduate and graduate students who are currently enrolled in universities DUO-Korea: 1. General Description CAUTION: If any application falls under the following 3 cases, the application is disqualified and will not be considered for selection. If such case is found after the

More information

Consultation on the future of European Insolvency Law

Consultation on the future of European Insolvency Law Consultation on the future of European Insolvency Law The Commission has put the revision of the Insolvency Regulation in its Work Programme for 2012. The revision is one of the measures in the field of

More information

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2014 Edition. James Rogers & Cécile Philippe May 2014. (Cover page) Data provided by

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2014 Edition. James Rogers & Cécile Philippe May 2014. (Cover page) Data provided by (Cover page) The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2014 Edition NEW DIRECTION Page 1 of 17 James Rogers & Cécile Philippe May 2014 New Direction aims to help shift the EU onto a different course

More information

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim?

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? EN I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? A Information about the Dublin Regulation for applicants for international protection pursuant to article 4 of Regulation (EU) No

More information

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2015

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2015 The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2015 James Rogers Cécile Philippe Institut Économique Molinari, Paris Bruxelles TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 2 Background 2 Main Results 3 On average, a respite

More information

European Centre for Information Policy and Security (ECIPS) DO NOT COPY! PROPERTY OF ECIPS

European Centre for Information Policy and Security (ECIPS) DO NOT COPY! PROPERTY OF ECIPS European Centre for Information Policy and Security (ECIPS) DO NOT COPY! PROPERTY OF ECIPS Due to the authority vested in the European Centre for Information Policy and Security (ECIPS) Decree / Statute

More information

United Kingdom signs up to the 1996 Hague Child Protection Convention: What Family Lawyers Need to Know

United Kingdom signs up to the 1996 Hague Child Protection Convention: What Family Lawyers Need to Know United Kingdom signs up to the 1996 Hague Child Protection Convention: What Family Lawyers Need to Know David Truex Barrister and Solicitor (Australia) Solicitor (England and Wales) Taylor Hampton Solicitors

More information

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 Dublin, March 2013 EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 On-going and upcoming competitions AD2012 by Citizenship AD2012 Citizenship %EU Population validated application

More information

Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues. Johan Fall, Anders Ydstedt March, 2010

Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues. Johan Fall, Anders Ydstedt March, 2010 Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues Johan Fall, Anders Ydstedt March, 2010 Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues 1 Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues INTRODUCTION In tough economic times family

More information

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2014 Publication: June 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture

More information

Voting power in the European Union

Voting power in the European Union Voting power in the European Union Federico Perea Justo Puerto MaMaEuSch Management Mathematics for European Schools 94342 - CP - 1-2001 - DE - COMENIUS - C21 University of Seville This project has been

More information

CENTRAL BANK OF CYPRUS

CENTRAL BANK OF CYPRUS APPENDIX 2 NOTIFICATION BY A BANK INCORPORATED IN CYPRUS, WHICH WISHES TO PROVIDE SERVICES, ON A CROSS BORDER BASIS, IN OTHER EUROPEAN UNION (E.U.) MEMBER STATES IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE (28) OF THE

More information

The education system and lifelong learning in Finland. October 2015 Petri Haltia

The education system and lifelong learning in Finland. October 2015 Petri Haltia The education system and lifelong learning in Finland October 2015 Petri Haltia FINLAND Population: year 2012: 5,421,827 density: 16/km 2 Area: total 338,424 km 2 water 10 % GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate:

More information

EBA Report. High Earners and 2011 data. High Earners

EBA Report. High Earners and 2011 data. High Earners EBA Report High Earners 2010 and 2011 data High Earners 2010 and 2011 data Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Template 4 3 2010 data 5 4 2011 data 15 2 Introduction Directive 2010/76/EC (CRDIII) introduced the

More information

ARE THE POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT TRULY MAKING THINGS EASIER FOR EUROPEAN COMPANIES?

ARE THE POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT TRULY MAKING THINGS EASIER FOR EUROPEAN COMPANIES? ARE THE POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT TRULY MAKING THINGS EASIER FOR EUROPEAN COMPANIES? SERVICES DIRECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION REPORT NOVEMBER 2011 EUROPEAN COMPANIES WANT WELL-FUNCTIONING POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT

More information

Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates

Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates Årskonferanse i Fafo Østforum Fire år etter EU-utvidelsen: Status og framtidsperspektiver Oslo, 3 June 2008 Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates Thorsten Schulten Wirtschafts- und

More information

THE 2015 REFUGEE CRISIS THROUGH STATISTICS

THE 2015 REFUGEE CRISIS THROUGH STATISTICS THE 2015 REFUGEE CRISIS THROUGH STATISTICS A compilation for politicians, journalists and other concerned citizens 17 October 2015 Syrian refugees Freedom House Contents UNHCR: Global displaced population

More information

PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN ITALY

PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN ITALY PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN ITALY Johanna Avato Human Development Network Social Protection and Labor The World Bank Background study March 2008 The Italian Social Security

More information

Application Form: Receptionist / PA to the Senior Leadership Team

Application Form: Receptionist / PA to the Senior Leadership Team Application Form: Receptionist / PA to the Senior Leadership Team This application form is written in BLACK ink. Please answer the questions in dark blue and return electronically to Lesley Starkes, Finance

More information

ERASMUS FOR YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS : A NEW EXCHANGE PROGRAMME

ERASMUS FOR YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS : A NEW EXCHANGE PROGRAMME PRESS DOSSIER INDEX PRESS DOSSIER...1 INDEX...2 ERASMUS FOR YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS : A NEW EXCHANGE PROGRAMME...3 WHO CAN PARTICIPATE?...5 WHAT BENEFITS AND FOR WHOM?...6 HOW DOES IT WORK? STRUCTURE AND IMPLEMENTATION...7

More information

Chapter 4A: World Opinion on Terrorism

Chapter 4A: World Opinion on Terrorism 1 Pew Global Attitudes Project, Spring 2007 Now I m going to read you a list of things that may be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately

More information

Road deaths in capital cities per 100,000 resident capitals' population / Year. Capital city. Embargoed until Wed. 8 October, 00.

Road deaths in capital cities per 100,000 resident capitals' population / Year. Capital city. Embargoed until Wed. 8 October, 00. Embargoed until Wed. 8 October, 00.01am Table 1. Road deaths in capital cities per 100,000 resident capitals' population and their average yearly percentage change over the period 1997-2007 (PIN Flash

More information

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS Flash Eurobarometer INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS REPORT Fieldwork: February-March 22 Publication: June 22 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

in Scotland for holidaymakers from overseas

in Scotland for holidaymakers from overseas in Scotland for holidaymakers from overseas In Scotland, most health care is provided by the National Health Service (NHS). If you are coming to Scotland on holiday or to visit friends or relatives, you

More information

Asylum Trends 2012. Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries

Asylum Trends 2012. Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries Asylum Trends 2012 Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries Trends at a Glance 2012 in review 38% 8% An estimated 479,300 asylum applications were registered in the 44 industrialized countries in

More information

Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system

Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system Michaël De Smet European Patent Office 28-09-202 Contents The European Patent Convention The European Patent Office The European

More information

First estimate for 2014 Euro area international trade in goods surplus 194.8 bn 24.2 bn surplus for EU28

First estimate for 2014 Euro area international trade in goods surplus 194.8 bn 24.2 bn surplus for EU28 30/2015-16 February 2015 First estimate for 2014 Euro area international trade in goods surplus 194.8 bn 24.2 bn surplus for EU28 The first estimate for the euro area 1 (EA18) trade in goods balance with

More information

International Hints and Tips

International Hints and Tips International Hints and Tips Content Q: What is the cut off time for processing International payments? A: International payments must be submitted and fully approved within the cut off time indicated

More information

Drink Driving in Europe

Drink Driving in Europe Safe & Sober: Reducing deaths and injuries from drink driving Copenhagen, 27 January 2010 Drink Driving in Europe Vojtech EKSLER Policy analyst Introduction to ETSC A science-based approach to road safety

More information

Development of the European Patent System

Development of the European Patent System Development of the European Patent System Conference on Intellectual property (Riga, March 3-4, 2015) Alberto Casado Vice-President Directorate General 2 03 March 2015 Contents I. About the EPO II. Cooperation

More information

Towards a Single Market for Occupational Pensions Without Tax Obstacles

Towards a Single Market for Occupational Pensions Without Tax Obstacles Towards a Single Market for Occupational Pensions Without Tax Obstacles May 25 9:00 AM 9:45 AM Peter Schonewille, European Commission, DG TAXUD/E/3 Competence Centre for Pension Research, University of

More information

1950 The Schuman Declaration

1950 The Schuman Declaration Chapter 3 31 From the Common Market to the euro In May 1945, at the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), Europe was in ruins. Fearing that such a tragedy could recur, politicians had the idea of creating

More information

The European Patent Office

The European Patent Office The An introduction to the EPO and the European patent system Heidrun Krestel Administrator Events, training, publications June 2016 Contents Basics About us Granting and publishing patents The unitary

More information

Fostering Entrepreneurship among young people through education: a EU perspective. Simone Baldassarri Unit Entrepreneurship

Fostering Entrepreneurship among young people through education: a EU perspective. Simone Baldassarri Unit Entrepreneurship Fostering Entrepreneurship among young people through education: a EU perspective Simone Baldassarri Unit Entrepreneurship Definition of Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship refers to an individual s ability

More information

Ad-Hoc Query on holders of EU Blue Card: registration and distinction of first issue and change of status. Requested by DE EMN NCP on 21 August 2013

Ad-Hoc Query on holders of EU Blue Card: registration and distinction of first issue and change of status. Requested by DE EMN NCP on 21 August 2013 Ad-Hoc Query on holders of EU Blue Card: registration and distinction of first issue and change of status Requested by DE EMN NCP on 21 August 2013 Compilation produced on 2 January 2014 Responses from

More information

for people coming to Scotland to work

for people coming to Scotland to work for people coming to Scotland to work In Scotland, most health care is provided by the National Health Service (NHS). If you are coming from overseas to work in Scotland, and you live here legally, this

More information

SEPA. Changes in the Payment System Implementation of the European SEPA Regulations for Kuna and Euro Payments

SEPA. Changes in the Payment System Implementation of the European SEPA Regulations for Kuna and Euro Payments SEPA Changes in the Payment System Implementation of the European SEPA Regulations for Kuna and Euro Payments SEPA The Single Euro Payments Area (SEPA) stands for a European Union (EU) payments integration

More information

Planned Healthcare in Europe for Lothian residents

Planned Healthcare in Europe for Lothian residents Planned Healthcare in Europe for Lothian residents Introduction This leaflet explains what funding you may be entitled to if you normally live in Lothian (Edinburgh, West Lothian, Midlothian and East Lothian

More information

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES Eurobarometer INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES REPORT Fieldwork: February 2015 Publication: September 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 27 2013 Edition

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 27 2013 Edition (Cover page) The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 27 2013 Edition James Rogers & Cécile Philippe May 2013 Data provided by NEW DIRECTION Page 1 of 16 The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU

More information

Taxation trends in the European Union EU27 tax ratio fell to 39.3% of GDP in 2008 Steady decline in top corporate income tax rate since 2000

Taxation trends in the European Union EU27 tax ratio fell to 39.3% of GDP in 2008 Steady decline in top corporate income tax rate since 2000 DG TAXUD 95/2010-28 June 2010 Taxation trends in the European Union EU27 tax ratio fell to 39.3% of GDP in 2008 Steady decline in top corporate income tax rate since 2000 The overall tax-to-gdp ratio 1

More information

Introduction. Fields marked with * are mandatory.

Introduction. Fields marked with * are mandatory. Questionnaires on introducing the European Professional Card for nurses, doctors, pharmacists, physiotherapists, engineers, mountain guides and estate agents(to competent authorities and other interested

More information