The Critical Need for Knowledge and Usage of AT and AAC Among Speech-Language Pathologists

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Critical Need for Knowledge and Usage of AT and AAC Among Speech-Language Pathologists"

Transcription

1 The Critical Need fr Knwledge and Usage f AT and AAC Amng Speech-Language Pathlgists Survey White Paper Published by: Assistive Technlgy Industry Assciatin ATIA 401 N. Michigan Ave., Chicag, IL 60611, U.S.A.

2 Cntents Intrductin... 2 Survey Methdlgy... 2 Executive Summary... 3 Detailed Findings... 4 A Wrthwhile Skill, but a Lack f Knwledge f AT and AAC amng SLPs... 4 Obstacles t Prviding Mre Clients with AT and AAC supprt... 7 Lack f Curses... 7 Mentring... 9 Wrklad Little Access t Cntinuing Educatin Funding Issues Service Delivery Issues Challenges and Opprtunities in Emerging Technlgies Differences in SLPs/Child vs. SLPs/Adult in Desire fr Mre Training Cnclusins Recmmendatins Appendix Survey Questins P a g e A T I A

3 Intrductin In late 2011, the Assistive Technlgy Industry Assciatin (ATIA) cnducted a survey f speech-language pathlgists (SLPs) t gauge attitudes abut and usage f assistive technlgy (AT) and its cmmunicatin subset, knwn as augmentative and alternative cmmunicatin (AAC) within the SLP prfessin. Ultimately, the findings f the study presented herein are meant t cntribute t dialgues ccurring within the SLP prfessin cncerning the use f technlgy in treatment. The stakehlders invlved in implementing this study understand that the SLP prfessin has an verall gal f helping SLPs achieve cmpetency in treatment that uses all apprpriate tls, including technlgy, in the treatment f speech and language disrders. The study is based n Aided AAC, where a cmmercially available device r ther technlgy aids the client in cmmunicating. This is in cntrast t Unaided AAC, which is exemplified by American Sign Language (ASL). The ATIA s hpe and expectatin is that the findings frm this study will be helpful t the SLP prfessin in assessing its use f AT and AAC in treatment and pltting a strategy fr imprving the varius related cmpetencies within the prfessin. The issue f AT and AAC cmpetency in SLP practice has relevance tday. Research cnducted ten years ag by the American Speech-Language Hearing Assciatin (ASHA) fund that identificatin f AT and AAC specialists was nt a pressing prblem at the time. Mst cnsumers and family members fund the small number f available AT and AAC specialists via infrmal netwrks (i.e., wrd f muth ). Mre recently, hwever, ASHA s updated Scpe f Practice in Speech-Language Pathlgy makes AT and AAC knw-hw the respnsibility f all SLPs. Technlgical change has als made it easier fr SLPs t access infrmatin frm experts (via webcasts, nline curses, blgs, etc.) As a result, accrding t ASHA subject matter experts, it appears that significantly mre SLPs are invlved in AT and AAC delivery. Hwever, as the findings f this current survey will reveal, all f this evlutin in training, practice Year f Graduate Degree and awareness has nt necessarily resulted in the level f cmpetency that the prfessin requires. Pre % Figure 1 - Year f graduate degree Caselad by client age grup (n=549) SLPs/Child (Wrk with children) 78% 1990 t Present 57% Figure 2 Caselad by client age grup SLPs/Adult (Wrk with adults) 6% SLPs/Mixed (Wrk with mixed age clients) 16% Survey Methdlgy The ATIA surveyed 549 speech-language pathlgists (SLPs) in the United States. The respndents were drawn frm the membership f tw American Speech-Language-Hearing Assciatin (ASHA) special interest grups (SIGs): One whse missin addresses AT and AAC and the ther, Schl-Based Issues. Respndents represent a range f practice settings, area f fcus/expertise, and length f time in practice. Data was cllected thrugh a quantitative survey via the Internet in Octber, In additin, several in-depth interviews were cnducted with SLP stakehlders wh are familiar with the issues invlved in implementing AT and AAC in the therapeutic cntext. Their cmments infrm sme f the analysis cntained herein. Respndents received n incentives neither mnetary nr inkind in exchange fr their participatin. Tw caveats must be nted: 1) Participatin in survey was self-selected (randm sampling was nt emplyed). 2) Participants were aware that ASHA special interest grups had referred them fr participatin. NOTE - In this paper, we categrize SLPs by client age grup using the fllwing terms: SLPs/Child, SLPs/Adult and SLPs/Mixed (See Figure 2.) 2 P a g e A T I A

4 Executive Summary The majrity f SLPs surveyed admit lacking knwledge, direct experience, and cmpetency in Assistive Technlgy and Augmentative and Alternative Cmmunicatin. Basic cnfusin als exists amng sme SLPs regarding the nature and uses f AT and AAC, and what rle they play in the cntext f language and literacy, and treatment regimens. And, there is a perceptin amng SLPs surveyed that many f their prfessinal peers wh prvide AT and AAC services are unqualified t d s. At the same time, there is a sense that AT and AAC are an interesting and wrthwhile field f knwledge that many SLPs hpe t expand in their practices. Highlights f the survey results include the fllwing: SLPs are interested in AT and AAC: 86% f respndents wuld like t knw mre abut the range f AT and AAC devices and services that can help the learning and cmmunicatins cmpetencies f clients in their caselads. Attitudes abut AT and AAC are nt unifrm. Sme SLPs are excited abut AT and AAC and see it as an pprtunity fr their practices, while thers lack interest, nt perceiving it t be relevant. There are nt enugh AT and AAC-cmpetent SLPs: Only 10% f respndents believe that there are sufficient ranks f SLPs with AT and AAC knwledge t meet the needs f cnsumers. SLPs d nt receive adequate educatin in AT and AAC: 74% f respndents feel that they lack adequate preparatin in AT and AAC in schl. 78% f respndents feel that they had inadequate preparatin in AT, excluding AAC, in their undergraduate and/r graduate prgrams. SLPs pint ut a lack f cnsistency in SLP delivery f AT and AAC services: Mre than a third f respndents feel that their SLP clleagues wh emply AT and AAC interventin strategies and technlgy are nt knwledgeable in AT and AAC. SLPs desire mre knwledge abut AT and AAC, especially in the realm f new technlgies such as tablet cmputers. Mre than 90% f respndents want mre infrmatin abut tablets, and their ptential rle in AT and AAC treatment. In terms f remediating AT and AAC knwledge gaps in the prfessin, SLPs favr a mix f preservice curriculum mdificatins, mre cntinuing educatin pprtunities, and increased mentrship. 3 P a g e A T I A

5 Detailed Findings The survey results reveal a prnunced belief amngst SLPs that knwledge within the prfessin is deficient with regard t AT and AAC. Beneath this clear finding, hwever, many nuances and differences f pinin pervade. This is t be expected in such a large and diverse prfessin. Cmplicating the picture are pragmatic factrs such as diverse needs f the varius client age grups served, funding, and in the schl setting specialized service rles, sme f which preclude direct invlvement in AT and AAC treatment by SLPs. A Wrthwhile Skill, but a Lack f Knwledge f AT and AAC amng SLPs The survey shws a belief that AT and AAC are wrthwhile skills fr an SLP as evidenced by 86% f respndents stating they wuld like t knw mre abut the range f devices and services that can help the learning and cmmunicatins cmpetencies f clients in their caselads. On the tpic f Autistic Spectrum Disrders (ASD), 76% f SLPs/Child feel that AT and AAC are pririties fr them given that it can meet the needs f students with ASD. Despite the clear pinin that AT and AAC are imprtant and relevant t SLP practice, the survey shws strng cnsensus that the prfessin is deficient in its ability t prvide fr the AT and AAC needs f its clientele. As Figure 3 shws, nly 9% f SLPs/Adult and 12% f SLPs/Child think that there are enugh AT and AAC- cmpetent SLPs wrking tday. There are enugh SLP s with AAC knwledge t meet the needs f cnsumers. SLPs/Adult SLPs/Child 86% 85% 9% 12% Agree - Strngly r Smewhat Disagree - Strngly r Smewhat Figure 3 Q5. "There are enugh SLPs with AT and AAC knwledge t meet the needs f cnsumers." Accrding t caselad by age. When SLPs talk abut their wn preparatin t ffer AT and AAC technlgy and interventins, they reflect a similar lack f cnfidence. As Figures 4 and 5 shw, three quarters f SLPs d nt think they had adequate preparatin in AT and AAC in their undergraduate r graduate prgram. SLPs wh earned their graduate degrees befre 1990 feel as if they received less preparatin in AT and AAC than their clleagues wh graduated mre recently. Furthermre, while 3 ut f 4 respndents state that they are familiar with the IDEA 2004 definitin f assistive devices and services, nly 21% felt that they were adequately prepared in AT and AAC by their pre-service training. 4 P a g e A T I A

6 AT and AAC training is ptentially part f the Cmmunicatin Mdalities part f the SLP curriculum, which is required fr ASHA certificatin. Hwever, AT and AAC are nt mandatry. An SLP can attain ASHA Certificatin by taking a curse in ther Cmmunicatin Mdalities such as sign language. In that case, the SLP wuld graduate and receive ASHA certificatin withut taking any cursewrk n AT and AAC. I had adequate preparatin in AAC in my undergraduate and/r graduate prgram. SLPs/Child SLPs/Adult "I had adequate preparatin in AAC in my undergraduate and/r graduate prgram." 1990 t Present Pre % 75% 77% 65% 24% 23% 34% 13% Agree smewhat r Disagree smewhat strngly r strngly Agree smewhat r strngly Disagree smewhat r strngly Figure 4 - "I had adequate preparatin in AAC in my undergraduate and/r graduate prgram." Accrding t caselad by age. Figure 5 - "I had adequate preparatin in AAC in my undergraduate and/r graduate prgram." - By year f graduate degree. This research als sheds light n a crisis f cnfidence that SLPs have regarding their clleagues wh implement AT and AAC. Mre than a third f respndents disagree with the statement, "SLPs wh include AT and AAC in their practices are very knwledgeable abut AT and AAC interventin strategies, including but nt limited t AT and AAC technlgies." Ging beneath the surface, hwever, it becmes apparent that SLPs d nt share a cmmn definitin f AT and AAC r a unifrm sense f where it fits int the brader cntext f treating language and literacy deficits. Evidently, AT and AAC are many things t many peple. On ne level, this cnfusin is understandable cnsidering the multiple diagnses, client age grups, practice settings, and technlgies that exist. And, differences in training explain sme f the cnfusin. Given that 74% f respndents d nt agree with the statement that they received adequate AT and AAC training in schl, it fllws that they wuld nt necessarily all share the same definitin f AT and AAC. 5 P a g e A T I A

7 Dissnance regarding the definitin f AT and AAC falls int fur brad categries: - It s all abut the technlgy Sme respndents have a very narrw perceptin f what AT and AAC are, which includes nly the use f technlgical services and devices t augment cmmunicatin. Fr these SLPs, knwing which cmmunicatin tls, including devices t use and hw t use them summarizes the use f AT and AAC. I have seen several SLPs wh fcus n AT and AAC wh tend t autmatically use the highest tech device pssible, even befre attempting lw tech r fr kids wh d nt have a cnsistent yes/n respnse at all. I think that AT and AAC knwledge is cntingent n the practical use f the device in the setting that yu wrk in. - It s a treatment prcess which may (r may nt) utilize technlgy Sme respndents feel that AT and AAC are simply single parts f a brader language and literacy treatment prcess. [There is an] incrrect perspective by practicing SLPs that they dn t d AT and AAC. Everyne des AT and AAC. It is just a cmmunicatin supprt that shuld be part f all speech and language treatment. In mst cases, AT and AAC are part f every single thing I d as an SLP, even with kids that peple dn t think f as AT and AAC users. I think it is time that AT and AAC and traditinal SLP camps be less divided. - Aren t AT and AT and AAC the same? Sme respndents fail t distinguish between AT (which invlves a vast array f technlgies/devices t help any type f disabled persn functin) and AT and AAC(which is mre narrwly targeted at helping peple with cmmunicatin disrders t cmmunicate). These types f respndents tend t use the acrnyms interchangeably. My district has an AT and AAC team t access and determine best AT. (emphasis added) - It s ver my head Many respndents express a belief that they are s ut f date that they effectively dn t understand the tpic f AT and AAC, r perhaps never did. This may r may nt be the case in reality, but it is a sentiment that infrms respndents pint f view. The technlgy changes s fast, yu need t update a few times a year!!! I had excellent training in AT and AAC in the early 1980s, but I have nt kept up with the latest technlgy as my caselad desn t warrant it. I require training fr each new kind f device I use. A recurring sentiment revlves arund a sense that SLPs wh use AT and AAC tend t be verly reliant n a specific technlgy r device. One schl-based SLP stated, As a lead SLP fr ur [schl] district, I find that SLPs tend t becme familiar with ne way f prviding AT and AAC. Out f 13 emplyees, I have 4 that regularly prvide AT and AAC t students, but each ne has their wn idea f what s best, and are all very different. 6 P a g e A T I A

8 This reflects a gap in understanding abut where AT and AAC fits int the verall treatment prtcl. Accrding t subject matter experts, an AT and AAC interventin shuld fit the client s individual level f language prficiency. Fr example, if a child des nt yet have a firm understanding f language itself (i.e. Yes means I want smething and N means I dn t want smething ) then an augmentative cmmunicatin technlgy, such as a speech generating device, will have limited therapeutic value. Sme SLPs d nt believe that their prfessinal peers are cmpletely aware f whm AT and AAC technlgy can serve and hw including thse wh specialize in AT and AAC. One respndent nted, It seems that SLPs take the same apprach t AT and AAC n matter the diagnsis Autism Spectrum Disrder (ASD) teaching f AT and AAC are very different frm CP and even different than dyspraxia. Anther revealing cmment: I am currently wrking with a 3 rd grader wh is unintelligible. The student is f average ability and is able t express ideas, just nt s he can be understd every SLP I knw that has experience with AT and AAC has n idea what t d fr a student at this by s level. Obstacles t Prviding Mre Clients with AT and AAC supprt There exist a hst f bstacles t the gal f prviding mre clients with AT and AAC supprt. Many factrs are t blame fr the current situatin, thugh the survey results highlights deficiencies in preservice educatin, a lack f mentring, little access t cntinuing educatin pprtunities, verwhelming caselads, and funding prblems. Lack f Curses On educatin, the respndents describe several interlcking prblems with AT and AAC training. On a basic level, there is simply nt enugh time in the curriculum fr dedicated AT and AAC curses. Figure 7 shws the tp 4 barriers t better preparatin in AT and AAC. The issue f n time in the prgram is the mst serius barrier identified. Furthermre, respndents share that attentin devted t AT and AAC at the graduate level is minimal, and that AT and AAC cursewrk is ften elective-nly. Nt surprisingly, nly 21% f respndents feel that they were adequately prepared in AT by their pre-service training. 7 P a g e A T I A

9 Tp 4 Barriers t Increased Preparatin in AAC Lack f AAC cntent integrated in ther curses Lack f AAC clinical pprtunities in the University clinic Lack f faculty wh are well-versed in AAC N time in the prgram fr a required, dedicated curse in AAC Figure 6 Q9 Tp fur ranked barriers t better preparatin in AT and AAC (mean scres). The lack f cursewrk is nly ne aspect f the prblem, hwever. As Figure 6 shws, a lack f AT and AAC cntent integrated int ther curses, a shrtage f faculty wh are well versed in AT and AAC, and few clinical pprtunities in AT and AAC are als cnsiderable barriers. Hence, the status f AT and AAC training in SLP educatin emerges as ne that is a secndary need, ne where faculty themselves may nt have the backgrund t teach it effectively. The desire fr integratin f AT and AAC int ther cursewrk hints that SLPs want t understand AT and AAC ptins and perspectives in a brader treatment cntext. Figure 7 displays bstacles t greater AT and AAC that were identified by asking, What are the mst imprtant factrs in pre-service educatin that wuld result in mre graduating students practicing AT and AAC effectively? Tw factrs emerge as significant: - Mre required curses 67% f SLPs/Child and 78% f SLPs/Adult ranked this as imprtant. - Mentring by experienced AT and AAC prfessinals 73% f SLPs/Child and 63% f SLPs/Adult ranked this as imprtant. 8 P a g e A T I A

10 "What are the mst imprtant factrs in pre-service educatin that wuld result in mre graduating students practicing AAC effectively? (Sum f 1st, 2nd r 3rd rank)" SLPs/Child SLPs/Adult 78% 67% 73% 63% 50% 45% 43% 40% 35% 32% 28% 42% Mre required curses/credits in AAC. Mentring by experienced AAC prfessinals. Internship requirement in AAC. Mre elective curses/credits in AAC. Internship elective in AAC. Schlarships in AAC specialty. Figure 7 Q7 What are the mst imprtant factrs in pre-service educatin that wuld result in mre graduating students practicing AT and AAC effectively? (Sum f 1st, 2nd r 3rd rank) Mentring Interest in mentring as a slutin fr imprving AT and AAC knwledge demnstrates that a lack f mentring is a factr inhibiting knwledge tday. SLPs/Adult view mentring by experienced AT and AAC prfessinals as the single mst imprtant way t becme prficient in AT and AAC technlgies and interventins; whereas SLPs/Child cnsider n-the-jb cntinuing educatin t be just abut as imprtant as mentring in achieving AT and AAC cmpetence. SLPs/Mixed (wh treat clients age birth t ver 65 years f age) have a much greater interest in becming mentrs (76%) than thse wh treat nly children (43%). This greater interest frm SLPs/Mixed may be due t a cmfrt level that they have achieved frm prviding a greater range f services. SLPs/Child are much mre interested in being mentred (80%) than SLPs/Adult (50%). Regardless f their treatment ppulatin, thse SLPs/Adult wh received their master s degree after 1990 are als very interested in being mentred (81%). (Nte, hwever, that Questin 10, which asked respndents if they want t be mentred and wanted t be a mentr des nt specifically refer t mentring in AT and AAC.) Imprtance f Pre-Service vs. In-Service Mentrship n Develping AAC Knwledge and Skills 90% SLPs/Adult 74% 63% 73% SLPs/Child In-Service Mentring Pre-Service Mentring Figure 8 Imprtance f Pre-Service vs. In-Service Mentrship n Develping AT and AAC Knwledge and Skills Accrding t caselad by age. Figure 8 cmpare views n mentring acrss the Adult and SLPs/Child. SLPs/Child seem t be mre interested in mentring as a pre-service pprtunity while SLPs/Adult seem t favr mentring while in 9 P a g e A T I A

11 practice. This makes sense given that many SLPs/Child mve directly frm degree prgrams t schl settings where they are plunged int AT and AAC treatment issues right away and may feel the need fr earlier mentring n the tpic mre urgently. Wrklad Sme respndents, particularly schl-based SLPs, cite a lack f time in their schedules t becme mre versed in AT and AAC. D nt put mre n us. We barely functin in the schl setting when we have students n a caselad. Experts affirm that lack f time and heavy wrklads prevent many SLPs frm learning mre abut AT and AAC. An interesting finding is that there is a perceived lw frequency f actual need fr AT and AAC, and this fact als makes learning AT and AAC less f a pririty fr sme SLPs. It is perhaps unrealistic t expect SLPs t have cmpetency in cnducting AT and AAC evaluatins r have familiarity with a range f devices given all f their ther prfessinal respnsibilities. Experts cncur that a diversity f pinin exists abut the actual need fr AT and AAC. While sme f the respndents eched the sentiment that nly a small percentage f clients need AT and AAC, research dne by ASHA [need citatin] fund that SLPs believe that mre than half f their clientele culd benefit frm sme frm f AT and AAC. This split hints at a self-perpetuating cycle, where AT and AAC-challenged SLPs are reluctant t prvide the service and their clleagues are unlikely t refer t AT and AAC specialists in whm they lack cnfidence. As a result, AT and AAC are nly pursued in a small selectin f cases. Little Access t Cntinuing Educatin Asked What factrs wuld increase the availability f SLPs with AT and AAC skills?, respndents in aggregate and SLPs/Adult as a sub-grup rank Mre pprtunities in cntinuing educatin in AT and AAC as number ne. But SLPs/Child cntend that the best way t enlarge the field f AT and AACskilled SLPs is t clearly demnstrate that AT and AAC are evidence-based practices. Bth Adult (67%) and SLPs/Child (52%) agree that added AT and AAC pre-service requirements wuld als lead t a swelling f the ranks f SLPs/Adult wh are practicing AT and AAC. And SLPs/Child feel that mre knwledge abut AT and AAC prducts wuld drive a prliferatin f AT and AAC-skilled SLPs, as well. 10 P a g e A T I A

12 "What factrs wuld increase the availability f SLPs with AAC skills?" (Mean rankings) Better Reimbursement fr AAC assessment and therapy Awareness f the pprtunity fr practice grwth, based n the ptential size f ppulatin needing services in AAC. Mre knwledge abut available AAC prducts. Mre AAC preservice requirements. Mre infrmatin regarding evidencebased interventin practices in AAC. Mre pprtunities fr cntinuing educatin in AAC. Figure 9 Q6 What factrs wuld increase the availability f SLPs with AT and AAC skills? (Mean rankings) Funding Issues There exists a hefty set f impediments t accessing the pprtunities fr cntinuing educatin. [We need] mre affrdable cntinuing educatin pprtunities/reimbursement - unfrtunately a lt f settings that use/implement AT and AAC d nt have the budgets t educate staff/send them t wrkshps r pay t bring peple in, and SLPs seem less willing t spend their wn mney during these fiscally cnscius times. The issue f better reimbursement fr AT and AAC assessment and therapy was ranked rather lw as a driving factr that wuld increase the availability f SLPs with AT and AAC skills. But pen-ended cmments by respndents and discussins with experts in the field indicate that funding is in fact a majr bstacle t getting mre SLPs wrking with AT and AAC. SLPs are cncerned that equipment is nt always cvered by insurance and that related services are nt cnsistently cvered either. Service Delivery Issues I wrk with a significant number f students with autism and have fund AT t be ne f the mst imprtant aspects f treatment the challenge has been btaining funds fr technlgy via insurance reimbursement as well as having the time and talent t prgram the high tech devices and create lw tech systems. High tech devices are s expensive and it is becming mre and mre difficult t btain apprval fr devices thrugh private insurance cmpanies. I am finding that even when apprval is given families have a difficult time paying their c-payment prtin. Many schl-based SLPs view the AT and AAC knwledge questin frm an institutinal distance. While SLPs may have clients n their caselads wh are in need f AT and AAC, depending upn the rganizatin structure f the schl, AT and AAC may be implemented by ther prfessinals. Sme 11 P a g e A T I A

13 schl districts have AT and AAC handled by departments ther than Speech and Language, with little if any crdinatin with SLPs. Many smaller districts d nt have that ptin in place. They may have never had it r it is currently unavailable due t budget cuts. In sme cases, they may have previusly used utside cnsultants r fee-fr-service AT resurces centers and s frth. Yet, schl-based SLPs are invariably required t serve all students that cme int their caselads. The SLP is respnsible fr prviding the best treatment ptins but is frequently unable t influence hw AT and AAC will actually be delivered. The result is frustratin and stress abut hw t best prvide AT and AAC fr clients wh need it. It is impssible fr the average SLP in the schls t stay knwledgeable abut all AT and AAC technlgies. An AT and AAC/AT specialist is needed t d that. Our district des nt use SLPs fr AT and AAC evaluatins r training. Challenges and Opprtunities in Emerging Technlgies Technlgy presents bth an pprtunity and a challenge. SLPs mentined technlgical advances with bth psitive and negative cnntatins. Fr sme lnger-practicing SLPs, technlgy is viewed as a frustrating bstacle. Fr example, It is hard t keep up with all f it [AT and AAC technlgy] when yu are wrking with the children and dealing with the day t day needs and requirements and Technlgy is changing s fast that the lessns I received in schl n lnger exist. At the same time, many respndents express a view that technlgy, especially new tablet cmputers, hlds prmise fr making high quality AT and AAC available at relatively lw cst. Tablets with AT and AAC sftware are apparently far less expensive than custm made AT and AAC technlgies. If a tablet is cmparable t the dedicated speech utput device, they culd be purchased fr less than families wuld have t pay fr a c-pay n dedicated devices. "I need t learn mre abut hw t use tablets (ipad, etc.) and applicatins in my clinical practice." SLPs/Child SLPs/Adult 55% 42% 33% 26% 21% 6% 6% 11% Strngly agree Agree smewhat Disagree smewhat Strngly disagree Figure 10 Q13 Level f agreement with I need t learn mre abut hw t use tablets (ipad, etc.) and apps in my clinical practice. - Accrding t caselad by age. 12 P a g e A T I A

14 As Figure 10 demnstrates, 85% f respndents verall perceive that they need t learn mre abut hw t use tablets and applicatins in their clinical practices, cmpared t nly 65% f SLPs/Adult. This split suggests that tablets, which are easily acquired, easy t use, and cmparatively inexpensive, are seen as a real bn t schl age clients. Hwever, the same cautins abut the ver-reliance n technlgy discussed earlier shuld still be factred int the discussin abut the ptential f tablets. Sme respndents express cncern that tablet cmputers are being hailed as a magic cure-all. They warn that, as with any AT and AAC treatment technlgy, such as tablet devices must fit int the cmplete diagnstic and treatment scheme. I have becme increasingly frustrated with the pervasive general attitude that an ipad is the answer t meeting a student's AT and AAC needs. As smene wh wrks clsely with teams thrugh a cllabrative evaluatin and decisin-making prcess, it is ften nt the best AT and AAC tl. Differences in SLPs/Child vs. SLPs/Adult in Desire fr Mre Training Asked abut a set f tpics in which respndents wuld be interested in mre infrmatin and/r training, psitive respnse was quite high. The lwest ranked ptin, Hw t write an effective evaluatin reprt was favred by 75% f respndents. Tablets and assessment tls received 91% agreement. SLPs/Child, hwever, express a higher level f agreement with the desire t learn than d SLPs/Adult. In sme cases, the tpics are schl-related, s the lack f interest amng SLPs/Adult is understandable. Hwever, interest n the part f the SLPs/Adult lags behind that f SLPs/Child in every single case. This suggests that SLPs/Child are under mre pressure t be prficient in AT and AAC than their cunterparts with adult-nly caselads. The table blw summarizes the results and highlights the difference between Child and SLPs/Adult. Respnses t: I wuld be interested in mre infrmatin and/r training n the fllwing tpics: SLPs/Child "Strngly r Smewhat Agree " SLPs/Adult "Strngly r Smewhat Agree " Hw t select the right tls fr each client 91% 84% Hw t keep up with changing technlgy 95% <85%> Overview f AT relevant t speech-language pathlgy (beynd AT and AAC) 89% <75%> Available assessment tls - what available and hw t use them 93% <79%> Cmparisn f AT and AAC dedicated cmmunicatin devices 88% <72%> Resurces and strategies fr funding (including grants) this includes funding fr mbile & tablet devices 90% <74%> Hw t write an effective evaluatin reprt 78% <61%> AT fr persns with Autism 91% <64%> Mbile & tablet devices (such as iphnes, ipads, etc.) as instructinal tls and student supprts - hw they wrk with the IEP Gals 95% <52%> Cllabrative teaming fr AT in the schls 87% <27%> Table Q14 Shws cmbined Agree smewhat and Agree strngly respnses fr I wuld be interested in infrmatin and/r training n the fllwing tpics. < > = difference is statistically significant at a 90% cnfidence level. 13 P a g e A T I A

15 Cnclusins The SLP prfessin has recgnized the challenges that are raised in this study n an anecdtal basis fr many years. Nw, hwever, it is pssible t quantify ur understanding f knwledge f AT and AAC and suggest ways that everyne invlved in speech-language pathlgy can mve the issue frward. Given the gal f helping SLPs achieve cmpetency in speech-language pathlgy treatment that uses all apprpriate tls, including technlgy, the present research reveals that the state f prviding AT and AAC apparatus and services is prblematic n numerus levels. Underpinning this is a strng sense that the skill set f AT and AAC amng SLPs needs t be imprved, and that clients culd benefit frm additinal numbers f SLPs with increased AT and AAC cmpetencies. There are nt enugh AT and AAC cmpetent SLPs: SLPs cnsider neither themselves nr their peers t be truly capable f delivering AT and AAC t clients. The prfessin des nt seem t have a standard definitin f what AT and AAC are, as well as an understanding f hw AT and AAC can prvide slutins t their clients. Mst SLPs didn t learn AT and AAC in schl and cntinuing educatin is difficult t get: Educatinal apprach t AT and AAC deficient and flawed Mentrs wanted but nt easy t find Schl districts are decreasing r eliminating budgets fr SLPs wh prvide AT and AAC and/r cntinuing educatin fr thse wh are suppsed t be prviding thse services Prfessinal cnditins are nt always hspitable t AT and AAC: Lack f funding fr adequate evaluatins, AT and AAC device ptins, and/r treatment. Organizatinal (schl district) structure frequently makes SLP respnsible fr AT and AAC but des nt permit them t implement it. The circumstances f treatment delivery are nt always ptimal. T much narrw fcus n specific devices and techniques. Lack f integratin with brader speech/language treatment apprach 14 P a g e A T I A

Research Findings from the West Virginia Virtual School Spanish Program

Research Findings from the West Virginia Virtual School Spanish Program Research Findings frm the West Virginia Virtual Schl Spanish Prgram Funded by the U.S. Department f Educatin Cnducted by R0cKMAN ETAL San Francisc, CA, Chicag, IL, and Blmingtn, IN Octber 4, 2006 R0cKMAN

More information

Developing Expertise as Coaches of Teachers

Developing Expertise as Coaches of Teachers Develping Expertise as Caches f Teachers Presented by: Elaine M. Bukwiecki, Ed.D. Assciate Prfessr f Literacy Educatin Presented at: 11 th Internatinal Writing Acrss the Curriculum Cnference Savannah,

More information

Serving ELLs with Disabilities: Perspectives of Illinois Educators. Rita Brusca-Vega. Purdue University Calumet. Cristina Sanchez-Lopez

Serving ELLs with Disabilities: Perspectives of Illinois Educators. Rita Brusca-Vega. Purdue University Calumet. Cristina Sanchez-Lopez Serving ELLs with Disabilities: Perspectives f Illinis Educatrs Rita Brusca-Vega Purdue University Calumet Cristina Sanchez-Lpez Illinis Resurce Center Cntact Inf: Rita Brusca-Vega, Ed.D. Schl f Educatin

More information

Change Management Process

Change Management Process Change Management Prcess B1.10 Change Management Prcess 1. Intrductin This plicy utlines [Yur Cmpany] s apprach t managing change within the rganisatin. All changes in strategy, activities and prcesses

More information

Small Business Fraud Custom Study among Small Business Owners Conducted for SunTrust Banks/National Small Business Association/Edelman

Small Business Fraud Custom Study among Small Business Owners Conducted for SunTrust Banks/National Small Business Association/Edelman Small Business Fraud Custm Study amng Small Business Owners Cnducted fr SunTrust Banks/Natinal Small Business Assciatin/Edelman Octber 17, 2007 Objective & Methdlgy Objective In cllabratin with SunTrust

More information

ARE YOU INTERESTED IN THE PRIOR LEARNING ASSESSMENT (PLA) PROGRAM?

ARE YOU INTERESTED IN THE PRIOR LEARNING ASSESSMENT (PLA) PROGRAM? ARE YOU INTERESTED IN THE PRIOR LEARNING ASSESSMENT (PLA) PROGRAM? City University f Seattle recgnizes that learning ccurs in many different ways and under varied circumstances. As a result, the University

More information

A Walk on the Human Performance Side Part I

A Walk on the Human Performance Side Part I A Walk n the Human Perfrmance Side Part I Perfrmance Architects have a license t snp. We are in the business f supprting ur client rganizatins in their quest fr results that meet r exceed gals. We accmplish

More information

Conversations of Performance Management

Conversations of Performance Management Cnversatins f Perfrmance Management Perfrmance Management at Ohi State The Secnd Cnversatin ~ Develpment 2011 The Ohi State University Office f Human Resurces Cntents Intrductin Welcme t Develping Emplyees...

More information

Research Report. Abstract: The Emerging Intersection Between Big Data and Security Analytics. November 2012

Research Report. Abstract: The Emerging Intersection Between Big Data and Security Analytics. November 2012 Research Reprt Abstract: The Emerging Intersectin Between Big Data and Security Analytics By Jn Oltsik, Senir Principal Analyst With Jennifer Gahm Nvember 2012 2012 by The Enterprise Strategy Grup, Inc.

More information

Aim The aim of a communication plan states the overall goal of the communication effort.

Aim The aim of a communication plan states the overall goal of the communication effort. Develping a Cmmunicatin Plan- Aim Aim The aim f a cmmunicatin plan states the verall gal f the cmmunicatin effrt. Determining the Aim Ask yurself r yur team what the verall gal f the cmmunicatin plan is.

More information

Succession Planning & Leadership Development: Your Utility s Bridge to the Future

Succession Planning & Leadership Development: Your Utility s Bridge to the Future Successin Planning & Leadership Develpment: Yur Utility s Bridge t the Future Richard L. Gerstberger, P.E. TAP Resurce Develpment Grup, Inc. 4625 West 32 nd Ave Denver, CO 80212 ABSTRACT A few years ag,

More information

INVESTOR PREFERENCES IN SELECTING A FINANCIAL ADVISOR. December 1, 2014

INVESTOR PREFERENCES IN SELECTING A FINANCIAL ADVISOR. December 1, 2014 INVESTOR PREFERENCES IN SELECTING A FINANCIAL ADVISOR December 1, 2014 1 Table f Cntents Page Objectives & Methdlgy. 3 Executive Summary 4 Detailed Findings... 6 Questinnaire. 14 2 Objectives & Methdlgy

More information

Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning Technology

Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning Technology Ideas & Insights frm 2008 Training Efficiency Masters Series Survey Results Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning Technlgy trainingefficiency.cm Survey Results: Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning

More information

CTF-ENDORSED NF CLINICS: PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

CTF-ENDORSED NF CLINICS: PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION Pilt Guidelines 2006 CTF-ENDORSED NF CLINICS: PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION Backgrund Children s Tumr Fundatin supprts research directed tward finding treatments fr neurfibrmatsis (NF) as well as effrts fcused

More information

NHPCO Guidelines for Using CAHPS Hospice Survey Results

NHPCO Guidelines for Using CAHPS Hospice Survey Results Intrductin NHPCO Guidelines fr Using CAHPS Hspice Survey Results The Centers fr Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has develped the Cnsumer Assessment f Healthcare Prviders and Systems (CAHPS ) Hspice

More information

Application for Inclusion of a Developed Practice Area in Professional Psychology for Purposes of Doctoral and Internship Program Accreditation

Application for Inclusion of a Developed Practice Area in Professional Psychology for Purposes of Doctoral and Internship Program Accreditation Applicatin fr Inclusin f a Develped Practice Area in Prfessinal Psychlgy fr Purpses f Dctral and Internship Prgram Accreditatin Cmmittee n Accreditatin c/ Office f Prgram Cnsultatin and Accreditatin Educatin

More information

What Does Specialty Own Occupation Really Mean?

What Does Specialty Own Occupation Really Mean? What Des Specialty Own Occupatin Really Mean? Plicy definitins are cnfusing, nt nly t cnsumers but als t many f the insurance prfessinals wh sell them. Belw we will try t prvide an understandable explanatin

More information

PBS TeacherLine Course Syllabus

PBS TeacherLine Course Syllabus 1 Title Fstering Cperative Learning, Discussin, and Critical Thinking in Elementary Math (Grades 1-5) Target Audience This curse is intended fr pre-service and in-service grades 1-5 teachers. Curse Descriptin

More information

Army DCIPS Employee Self-Report of Accomplishments Overview Revised July 2012

Army DCIPS Employee Self-Report of Accomplishments Overview Revised July 2012 Army DCIPS Emplyee Self-Reprt f Accmplishments Overview Revised July 2012 Table f Cntents Self-Reprt f Accmplishments Overview... 3 Understanding the Emplyee Self-Reprt f Accmplishments... 3 Thinking Abut

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES REFERENCES AND RELATED POLICIES A. UC PPSM 2 -Definitin f Terms B. UC PPSM 12 -Nndiscriminatin in Emplyment C. UC PPSM 14 -Affirmative

More information

Sample Role Description Immunization Information System (IIS) Testing Analyst

Sample Role Description Immunization Information System (IIS) Testing Analyst Sample Rle Descriptin Immunizatin Infrmatin System (IIS) Testing Analyst Nte: This rle descriptin is meant t ffer sample language and a cmprehensive list f ptential desired respnsibilities with crrespnding

More information

AMWA Chapter Subgroups on LinkedIn Guidance for Subgroup Managers and Chapter Leaders, updated 2-12-15

AMWA Chapter Subgroups on LinkedIn Guidance for Subgroup Managers and Chapter Leaders, updated 2-12-15 AMWA Chapter Subgrups n LinkedIn Guidance fr Subgrup Managers and Chapter Leaders, updated 2-12-15 1. Chapters may nt have an independent grup n LinkedIn, Facebk, r ther scial netwrking site. AMWA prvides

More information

Strategic Plan 2015 2018

Strategic Plan 2015 2018 The Illinis Chapter f the Natinal Schl Public Relatins Assciatin Strategic Plan 2015 2018 Missin Statement The missin f the Illinis Chapter f the Natinal Schl Public Relatins Assciatin (INSPRA) is t prvide

More information

The Ohio Board of Regents Credit When It s Due process identifies students who

The Ohio Board of Regents Credit When It s Due process identifies students who Credit When It s Due/ Reverse Transfer FAQ fr students Ohi is participating in a natinal grant initiative, Credit When It s Due, designed t implement reverse-transfer, which is a prcess t award assciate

More information

Connecticut State Department of Education 2014-15 School Health Services Information Survey

Connecticut State Department of Education 2014-15 School Health Services Information Survey Cnnecticut State Department f Educatin 2014-15 Schl Health Services Infrmatin Survey General Directins fr Cmpletin by Schl Nurse Crdinatr/Supervisr This Schl Health Services Infrmatin Survey was designed

More information

How to Address Key Selection Criteria

How to Address Key Selection Criteria Hw t Address Key Selectin Criteria Yu've seen an jb pprtunity that yu're interested in, n a jbs bard r in the press and want t apply, but where d yu start? A key requirement fr jbs in Gvernment is t respnd

More information

The Importance of Market Research

The Importance of Market Research The Imprtance f Market Research 1. What is market research? Successful businesses have extensive knwledge f their custmers and their cmpetitrs. Market research is the prcess f gathering infrmatin which

More information

Watlington and Chalgrove GP Practice - Patient Satisfaction Survey 2011

Watlington and Chalgrove GP Practice - Patient Satisfaction Survey 2011 Watlingtn and Chalgrve GP - Patient Satisfactin Survey 2011 Backgrund During ne week in Nvember last year patients attending either the Chalgrve r the Watlingtn surgeries were asked t cmplete a survey

More information

Listening to Students: Sample Focus Group and Survey Materials

Listening to Students: Sample Focus Group and Survey Materials Listening t Students: Sample Fcus Grup and Survey Materials Overview The Student Assessment Inventry fr Schl Districts supprts a prcess t evaluate the assessments students currently take and then determine

More information

COE: Hybrid Course Request for Proposals. The goals of the College of Education Hybrid Course Funding Program are:

COE: Hybrid Course Request for Proposals. The goals of the College of Education Hybrid Course Funding Program are: COE: Hybrid Curse Request fr Prpsals The gals f the Cllege f Educatin Hybrid Curse Funding Prgram are: T supprt the develpment f effective, high-quality instructin that meets the needs and expectatins

More information

Fast Forward Your Talent Management Approach: A Guide to Succession and Talent Review

Fast Forward Your Talent Management Approach: A Guide to Succession and Talent Review Fast Frward Yur Talent Management Apprach: A Guide t Successin and Talent Review Sue Plaster, M.Ed. Sue Plaster Cnsulting plaster.sue @gmail.cm Agenda: Accelerating Talent Management 1. Setting the Stage:

More information

CCHIIM ICD-10 Continuing Education Requirements for AHIMA Certified Professionals (& Frequently Asked Questions for Recertification)

CCHIIM ICD-10 Continuing Education Requirements for AHIMA Certified Professionals (& Frequently Asked Questions for Recertification) CCHIIM ICD-10 Cntinuing Educatin Requirements fr AHIMA Certified Prfessinals (& Frequently Asked Questins fr Recertificatin) The transitin t ICD-10-CM and ICD-10-PCS is anticipated t imprve the capture

More information

By offering the Study Abroad Scholarship, we hope to make your study abroad experience much more affordable!

By offering the Study Abroad Scholarship, we hope to make your study abroad experience much more affordable! Internatinal Educatin Prgrams is pleased t annunce a Study Abrad Schlarship fr Seattle Central Cmmunity Cllege students. The schlarship has been established by the Internatinal Educatin Prgrams divisin

More information

Undergraduate Degree Program Assessment Progress Report Cover Sheet

Undergraduate Degree Program Assessment Progress Report Cover Sheet Undergraduate Degree Prgram Assessment Prgress Reprt Cver Degree: BA Prfessinal and Technical Writing Fr Calendar Year: 2014 (Date submitted t cllege cmmittee:) 2-20-2015 (Date psted n cllege assessment

More information

Labor Market Information Updates Healthcare Management

Labor Market Information Updates Healthcare Management 2012 Labr Market Infrmatin Updates Healthcare Management The Bstn Healthcare Careers Cnsrtium regularly gathers labr market data frm participating institutins and cmpiles ccupatinal briefs. These reprts

More information

Bakersfield College Program Review Annual Update

Bakersfield College Program Review Annual Update Bakersfield Cllege Prgram Review Annual Update I. Prgram Infrmatin: Prgram Name: Prgram Type: Instructinal Nn Instructinal Prgram Missin Statement: The missin f the Bakersfield Cllege Human Services Prgram

More information

IMPROVING ADVISING AND MENTORING

IMPROVING ADVISING AND MENTORING Advising and Mentring IMPROVING ADVISING AND MENTORING OF GRADUATE AND PROFESSIONAL STUDENTS Advising is a key cmpnent in the successful cmpletin f a graduate degree. A gd advising relatinship crrelates

More information

Job Profile Data & Reporting Analyst (Grant Fund)

Job Profile Data & Reporting Analyst (Grant Fund) Jb Prfile Data & Reprting Analyst (Grant Fund) Directrate Lcatin Reprts t Hurs Finance Slihull Finance Directr Nminally 37 hurs but peratinally available at all times t meet Cmpany requirements Cntract

More information

Research Report. Abstract: Security Management and Operations: Changes on the Horizon. July 2012

Research Report. Abstract: Security Management and Operations: Changes on the Horizon. July 2012 Research Reprt Abstract: Security Management and Operatins: Changes n the Hrizn By Jn Oltsik, Senir Principal Analyst With Kristine Ka and Jennifer Gahm July 2012 2012, The Enterprise Strategy Grup, Inc.

More information

Community Support Programs N9 Organizational Internship Program

Community Support Programs N9 Organizational Internship Program NAVY REGION SOUTHWEST Cmmunity Supprt Prgrams N9 Organizatinal Internship Prgram April 2011 Cntents Prgram... 3 Purpse... 3 Outcme... 3 Duratin... 3 Definitins... 3 Eligibility... 4 Prcess... 5 Participating

More information

WHITE PAPER. Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) is Not Just for A Items

WHITE PAPER. Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) is Not Just for A Items WHITE PAPER Vendr Managed Inventry (VMI) is Nt Just fr A Items Why it s Critical fr Plumbing Manufacturers t als Manage Whlesalers B & C Items Executive Summary Prven Results fr VMI-managed SKUs*: Stck-uts

More information

Defining Sales Campaign Automation How e-mail, the Killer App, is best applied to marketing

Defining Sales Campaign Automation How e-mail, the Killer App, is best applied to marketing Defining Sales Campaign Autmatin Hw e-mail, the Killer App, is best applied t marketing Summary: Cmpanies tday are steadily adpting strategies and technlgies t reach prspects, custmers, and partners thrugh

More information

Delaware Performance Appraisal System

Delaware Performance Appraisal System Delaware Perfrmance Appraisal System Building greater skills and knwledge fr educatrs DPAS-II Guide fr Administratrs (District Administratrs) Supervisr Rubric fr Evaluating District Administratrs Updated

More information

CDE Data Governance Program - CDE-Specific and SLDS (P20+) Programs

CDE Data Governance Program - CDE-Specific and SLDS (P20+) Programs CDE Data Gvernance Prgram - CDE-Specific and SLDS (P20+) Prgrams On September 27 th and 28 th, State Supprt Team (SST) Members Crey Chatis and Jeff Sellers visited Clrad t help CDE begin a Data Gvernance

More information

Typical Interview Questions and Answers

Typical Interview Questions and Answers Typical Interview Questins and Answers Why d yu want t wrk fr this cmpany? Why are yu interested in this jb? The interviewer is trying t determine what yu knw and like abut the cmpany, whether yu will

More information

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EDUCATION IN VISUAL ARTS EDUCATION (050A)

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EDUCATION IN VISUAL ARTS EDUCATION (050A) The Graduate Schl MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EDUCATION IN VISUAL ARTS EDUCATION (050A) Prgram Crdinatr: Dr. Beth Thmas Office: Smiley Art Building, Rm 112 Phne: 845-257-2641 Email: thmasb@newpaltz.edu The graduate

More information

Internet and E-Mail Policy User s Guide

Internet and E-Mail Policy User s Guide Internet and E-Mail Plicy User s Guide Versin 2.2 supprting partnership in mental health Internet and E-Mail Plicy User s Guide Ver. 2.2-1/5 Intrductin Health and Scial Care requires a great deal f cmmunicatin

More information

HOW TO SELECT A LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

HOW TO SELECT A LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY HOW TO SELECT A LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY There will prbably be hundreds f life insurance cmpanies t chse frm when yu decide t purchase a life insurance plicy. Hw d yu decide which ne? Mst cmpanies are quite

More information

Resources Available Comparison of Responsibilities of OT&PT Practitioners in School-Based Practice (published Feb. 2010) o

Resources Available Comparison of Responsibilities of OT&PT Practitioners in School-Based Practice (published Feb. 2010) o Hw Many is T Many What is an Apprpriate Caselad in Schl Based Practice? Ohi Occupatinal Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Athletic Trainers Bard What is a Caselad? Every student assigned t an is part f the

More information

Cornwall Partners in Care

Cornwall Partners in Care Crnwall Partners in Care Mving Frward Versin 2.0 8 th January 2014 By Richard Mnk Crnwall Partners in Care August 2013 Page 1 f 6 CPIC mving frward This dcument has been created t help prvide a little

More information

BEST PRACTICES IN DELIVERING SUPERIOR CUSTOMER INTERACTIONS

BEST PRACTICES IN DELIVERING SUPERIOR CUSTOMER INTERACTIONS BEST PRACTICES IN DELIVERING SUPERIOR CUSTOMER INTERACTIONS IMPROVING THE CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE IN TODAY S CONTACT CENTER SUMMARY At the heart f delivering exceptinal custmer experience is hw each interactin

More information

College Counseling Policies

College Counseling Policies Chapter 3 Cllege Cunseling Plicies T he cllege search prcess can be an exciting and rewarding ne, but it can als be cnfusing, and there is much pprtunity fr miscmmunicatin. Please read thrugh the fllwing

More information

Network Security Trends in the Era of Cloud and Mobile Computing

Network Security Trends in the Era of Cloud and Mobile Computing Research Reprt Abstract: Netwrk Security Trends in the Era f Clud and Mbile Cmputing By Jn Oltsik, Senir Principal Analyst and Bill Lundell, Senir Research Analyst With Jennifer Gahm, Senir Prject Manager

More information

TAKING OWNERSHIP OF HEALTH CARE

TAKING OWNERSHIP OF HEALTH CARE TAKING OWNERSHIP OF HEALTH CARE TIPS FOR PARENTS AND CAREGIVERS Are yu ready fr the day when yu take yur sn r yur daughter fr a medical appintment and the dctr r medical staff says t yu, as the parent

More information

Please rate the statements below from 1 5 based on whether you agree or disagree.

Please rate the statements below from 1 5 based on whether you agree or disagree. Academics Please rate the statements belw frm 1 5 based n whether yu agree r disagree. 1. I believe Niagara Falls public schls d a gd jb preparing students t be successful. 2. During the past 3 years,

More information

Student Learning Objectives Assessment Report Criminal Justice Program. June 1, 2015

Student Learning Objectives Assessment Report Criminal Justice Program. June 1, 2015 Student Learning Objectives Assessment Reprt Criminal Justice Prgram June 1, 2015 Objectives & Curriculum Objective Mapping See attached revised Criminal Justice Assessment Mapping Tl (revised Spring 2014)

More information

Section Twelve. Special Education Staff

Section Twelve. Special Education Staff Sectin Twelve Special Educatin Staff Sectin 2 SPECIAL EDUCATION STAFF The chart belw utlines the elementary and secndary teaching supprt and nnteaching supprt persnnel and their qualificatins. Elementary

More information

Guide to Marketing Faculty-Led Study Abroad Programs

Guide to Marketing Faculty-Led Study Abroad Programs Guide t Marketing Faculty-Led Study Abrad Prgrams Surces used in the cmpletin f this manual include faculty handbks frm UW-Oshksh, The University f Alabama, and Twsn.. Fr questins r cmments regarding this

More information

What are the qualifications for teachers and paraprofessionals who are hired to work in a preschool program?

What are the qualifications for teachers and paraprofessionals who are hired to work in a preschool program? FAQ n Indiana Title I Preschls Qualificatins What are the qualificatins fr teachers and paraprfessinals wh are hired t wrk in a preschl prgram? Preschl teachers and assistants are expected t meet the highest

More information

The Allstate Foundation Domestic Violence Program 2015 Moving Ahead Financial Empowerment Grant

The Allstate Foundation Domestic Violence Program 2015 Moving Ahead Financial Empowerment Grant The Allstate Fundatin Dmestic Vilence Prgram 2015 Mving Ahead Financial Empwerment Grant Due Date: September 1, 2015 Online applicatin: https://www.grantrequest.cm/sid_1010?sa=sna&fid=35296 The Allstate

More information

SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION

SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION Assciatin f State Dam Safety Officials UNDERGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION SUBMIT APPLICATION AND ATTACHMENTS POSTMARKED BY MARCH 31, 2016 TO: Assciatin f State Dam Safety Officials 239 S. Limestne Lexingtn,

More information

Listening to Teachers: Sample Focus Group and Survey Materials

Listening to Teachers: Sample Focus Group and Survey Materials Listening t Teachers: Sample Fcus Grup and Survey Materials Overview The Student Assessment Inventry fr Schl Districts supprts a prcess t evaluate the assessments students currently take and then determine

More information

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Elementary School Grading Procedures Plan

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Elementary School Grading Procedures Plan Charltte-Mecklenburg Schls Elementary Schl Grading Prcedures Plan CMS Visin Charltte-Mecklenburg Schls prvides all students the best educatin available anywhere, preparing every child t lead a rich and

More information

The 2009 Business Analyst Salary Survey

The 2009 Business Analyst Salary Survey ASPE SDLC Training The 2009 Business Analyst Salary Survey A WHITE PAPER PRESENTED BY ASPE AND RAVENFLOW www..cm 877-800-5221 2009 ASPE-SDLC and Ravenflw Business Analyst Salary Survey Develped Jintly

More information

SUMMARY OF SURVEY FINDINGS

SUMMARY OF SURVEY FINDINGS MEMORANDUM TO: Allstate FROM: FTI Cnsulting DATE: 05 / 29 / 2015 RE: Allstate/Natinal Jurnal Heartland Mnitr XXIII Key Findings This memrandum utlines key findings frm a natinal survey f American adults

More information

Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary

Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary Abut the dcument The fllwing summary is an abridged versin f Ofcm s equal pay audit 2014. In the full versin f the reprt we set ut ur key findings, cmment n any issues arising

More information

A Quick Read on the State of Small Business and the Small Business Success Index 2009 Baseline Study of Small Business Success

A Quick Read on the State of Small Business and the Small Business Success Index 2009 Baseline Study of Small Business Success A Quick Read n the State f Small Business and the Small Business Success Index 2009 Baseline Study f Small Business Success March 12, 2009 Spnsred by: Netwrk Slutins, LLC and Rbert H. Smith Schl f Business,

More information

Level 2 Training Module Course Guide 2015-2016

Level 2 Training Module Course Guide 2015-2016 CANADIAN SKI INSTRUCTORS ALLIANCE Level 2 Training Mdule Curse Guide 2015-2016 Missin Statement: The Canadian Ski Instructrs Alliance prvides excellence in educatin fr the prfessin f ski teaching, cntributing

More information

NORTH CAROLINA STEM TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAM (NC STEP) PROGRAM OF STUDY

NORTH CAROLINA STEM TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAM (NC STEP) PROGRAM OF STUDY NORTH CAROLINA STEM TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAM (NC STEP) PROGRAM OF STUDY NC STEP is an innvative alternative licensure teacher certificatin prgram administered by Nrth Carlina New Schls and apprved by

More information

CONTENTS UNDERSTANDING PPACA. Implications of PPACA Relative to Student Athletes. Institution Level Discussion/Decisions.

CONTENTS UNDERSTANDING PPACA. Implications of PPACA Relative to Student Athletes. Institution Level Discussion/Decisions. This dcument is intended t prvide NCAA member institutins with an infrmatinal guide regarding the ptential implicatins f the Patient Prtectin and Affrdable Care Act f 2010 (PPACA) when fully implemented

More information

FEEDBACK FROM THE VICTORIA QUALITY COUNCIL INTERHOSPITAL PATIENT TRANSFER WORKSHOP

FEEDBACK FROM THE VICTORIA QUALITY COUNCIL INTERHOSPITAL PATIENT TRANSFER WORKSHOP FEEDBACK FROM THE VICTORIA QUALITY COUNCIL INTERHOSPITAL PATIENT TRANSFER WORKSHOP Results arising frm the survey f Participants at the Victrian Quality Cuncil (VQC) Interhspital Patient Transfer Wrkshp

More information

The complete notes are available at http://www.eng.uwaterloo.ca/~erick/ad/dns.htm

The complete notes are available at http://www.eng.uwaterloo.ca/~erick/ad/dns.htm Reprt: April 12, 2011 By Erick Engelke I have rganized my tasks arund tw majr prblems: 1. Define the new active directry a. Dmain Name Service fr the dmain - cmplete b. Dmain layut, structuring f Organizatinal

More information

Within the program, students combine two or more areas of study into one interdisciplinary program. Current program options include:

Within the program, students combine two or more areas of study into one interdisciplinary program. Current program options include: Liberal Studies 2010-11 Prgram Descriptin Eastern Oregn University s Liberal Studies prgram ffers students an pprtunity t devise a persnalized prgram f study in an interdisciplinary apprach relevant t

More information

CCHIIM ICD-10 Continuing Education Requirements for AHIMA Certified Professionals (& Frequently Asked Questions for Recertification)

CCHIIM ICD-10 Continuing Education Requirements for AHIMA Certified Professionals (& Frequently Asked Questions for Recertification) CCHIIM ICD-10 Cntinuing Educatin Requirements fr AHIMA Certified Prfessinals (& Frequently Asked Questins fr Recertificatin) The transitin t ICD-10-CM and ICD-10-PCS is anticipated t imprve the capture

More information

Aese. -z-62. PERFORMANCE GUIDELINES FOR TENURE AND PROMOTION. Department of Online Nursing. Approved by Tenured Faculty February 18, 2014

Aese. -z-62. PERFORMANCE GUIDELINES FOR TENURE AND PROMOTION. Department of Online Nursing. Approved by Tenured Faculty February 18, 2014 PERFORMANCE GUIDELINES FOR TENURE AND PROMOTION Department f Online Nursing Apprved by Tenured Faculty February 18, 2014 Department Chair Signature Reviewed by Dean Aese. -z-62. Signatur Intrductin COLLEGE

More information

CMS Eligibility Requirements Checklist for MSSP ACO Participation

CMS Eligibility Requirements Checklist for MSSP ACO Participation ATTACHMENT 1 CMS Eligibility Requirements Checklist fr MSSP ACO Participatin 1. General Eligibility Requirements ACO participants wrk tgether t manage and crdinate care fr Medicare fee-fr-service beneficiaries.

More information

Phi Kappa Sigma International Fraternity Insurance Billing Methodology

Phi Kappa Sigma International Fraternity Insurance Billing Methodology Phi Kappa Sigma Internatinal Fraternity Insurance Billing Methdlgy The Phi Kappa Sigma Internatinal Fraternity Executive Bard implres each chapter t thrughly review the attached methdlgy and plan nw t

More information

Job Classification Details Department Job Function Job Family Job Title Job Code Salary Level

Job Classification Details Department Job Function Job Family Job Title Job Code Salary Level Jb Classificatin Details Department Jb Functin Jb Family Jb Title Jb Cde Salary Level Chief Diversity Office Marketing, Cmmunicatins, & Outreach Cmmunicatin/Cnstituent Relatins Cmmunicatins Crdinatr PMP1

More information

An employer s Guide to engaging an occupational health physician

An employer s Guide to engaging an occupational health physician An emplyer s Guide t engaging an ccupatinal health physician When and why d emplyers need the services f ccupatinal physicians? Being in business invlves risk. Business pprtunities are inherently uncertain

More information

Standards and Procedures for Approved Master's Seminar Paper or Educational Project University of Wisconsin-Platteville Requirements

Standards and Procedures for Approved Master's Seminar Paper or Educational Project University of Wisconsin-Platteville Requirements Standards and Prcedures fr Apprved Master's Seminar Paper r Educatinal Prject University f Wiscnsin-Platteville Requirements Guidelines Apprved by the Graduate Cuncil University f Wiscnsin-Platteville

More information

WEB APPLICATION SECURITY TESTING

WEB APPLICATION SECURITY TESTING WEB APPLICATION SECURITY TESTING Cpyright 2012 ps_testware 1/7 Intrductin Nwadays every rganizatin faces the threat f attacks n web applicatins. Research shws that mre than half f all data breaches are

More information

Graduate Faculty Committee Doc. No. 1127 Approved January 26, 2009

Graduate Faculty Committee Doc. No. 1127 Approved January 26, 2009 Graduate Faculty Cmmittee Dc. N. 1127 Apprved January 26, 2009 RECOMMENDATION OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON GRADUATE COURSE AND CURRICULUM AND THE FACULTY OF THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION FOR AN ENTITLEMENT TO PLAN

More information

Online Learning Portal best practices guide

Online Learning Portal best practices guide Online Learning Prtal Best Practices Guide best practices guide This dcument prvides Micrsft Sftware Assurance Benefit Administratrs with best practices fr implementing e-learning thrugh the Micrsft Online

More information

PROMOTING THE USE OF VIDEO CONFERENCING. How to get the absolute best from Video Conferencing by encouraging and increasing usage.

PROMOTING THE USE OF VIDEO CONFERENCING. How to get the absolute best from Video Conferencing by encouraging and increasing usage. PROMOTING THE USE OF VIDEO CONFERENCING Hw t get the abslute best frm Vide Cnferencing by encuraging and increasing usage. A LITTLE BIT OF ENCOURAGEMENT GOES A LONG WAY Having invested in Vide Cnferencing

More information

ITIL V3 Planning, Protection and Optimization (PPO) Certification Program - 5 Days

ITIL V3 Planning, Protection and Optimization (PPO) Certification Program - 5 Days ITIL V3 Planning, Prtectin and Optimizatin (PPO) Certificatin Prgram - 5 Days Prgram Overview The ITIL Intermediate Qualificatin: Planning, Prtectin and Optimizatin (PPO) Certificate is a free-standing

More information

Patient Participation Report

Patient Participation Report Patient Participatin Reprt In 2011, Westngrve Partnership decided t establish a PPG (Patient Participatin Grup) that wuld allw us t engage with ur patients, receive feedback frm them and ensure that they

More information

Site Coordinator Volunteer Resource Guide To assist with volunteer recruitment, training and support

Site Coordinator Volunteer Resource Guide To assist with volunteer recruitment, training and support Site Crdinatr Vlunteer Resurce Guide T assist with vlunteer recruitment, training and supprt Table f Cntents Steps fr Site Crdinatrs: Managing Vlunteers 3 Steps fr Vlunteers 4 Vlunteer Recruitment Letter/Email

More information

Bakersfield College Program Review Annual Update

Bakersfield College Program Review Annual Update Bakersfield Cllege Prgram Review Annual Update I. Prgram Infrmatin: Prgram Name: Child Develpment Prgram Type: Instructinal Nn Instructinal Prgram Missin Statement: The child develpment faculty and staff

More information

Graduate school Guide

Graduate school Guide Graduate schl Guide Chsing a Field, Applying t Schls, Actin Plans The Best Way t Prepare fr Graduate Schl! Radfrd University Career Center (540) 831-5373 www.radfrd.edu/careers Intrductin After fur (r

More information

Oakland Unified School District Impact Assessment Performance Management in Action

Oakland Unified School District Impact Assessment Performance Management in Action Oakland Unified Schl District Impact Assessment Perfrmance Management in Actin The perfrmance management system that has been built in this district prvides the systems that supprt ur cmmitment t scial

More information

The Importance of Delegation

The Importance of Delegation The Imprtance f Delegatin One f the mst imprtant lessns a student leader can learn is that the wrd leader des nt mean yu d everything. Cmmunicating yur visin t thers and empwering ther club fficers and

More information

Counseling Concentrations: Community, Rehabilitation, and School Counseling and School Counseling Certification

Counseling Concentrations: Community, Rehabilitation, and School Counseling and School Counseling Certification GRADUATE FACULTY COUNCIL DOC. NO. 1067 Apprved May 14, 2007 RECOMMENDATION OF THE GRADUATE CURRICULUM COMMITTEE, THE FACULTY OF THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, AND THE FACULTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL

More information

Hybrid Course Design and Instruction Guidelines

Hybrid Course Design and Instruction Guidelines Hybrid Curse Design and Instructin Guidelines Terminlgy There are n standard definitins fr what cnstitutes a hybrid curse, but sme generally accepted descriptins fllw. In nline learning literature (and

More information

TakeMeFishing.org Website Effectiveness Topline Findings October 12, 2010

TakeMeFishing.org Website Effectiveness Topline Findings October 12, 2010 TakeMeFishing.rg Website Effectiveness Tpline Findings Octber 12, 2010 Fishing/Bating Frequencies Nearly all visitrs and nn-visitrs t TakeMeFishing.rg reprted having gne fishing as an adult. Apprximately

More information

REQUEST FOR APPLICATIONS (RFA)

REQUEST FOR APPLICATIONS (RFA) REQUEST FOR APPLICATIONS (RFA) The RCPNC is accepting grant applicatins fr prjects that use creative strategies t imprve crdinatin amng USDA-FNS Child Nutritin prgrams and ther nutritin assistance prgrams.

More information

Occupational Therapy Working Group: Service Delivery review and Fee Review

Occupational Therapy Working Group: Service Delivery review and Fee Review Occupatinal Therapy Australia Victria Divisin Terms f Reference submissin Occupatinal Therapy Wrking Grup: Service Delivery review and Fee Review HDSG (TAC and VWA) July 2014 Occupatinal Therapy Australia

More information

POLISH STANDARDS ON HEALTH AND SAFETY AS A TOOL FOR IMPLEMENTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES INTO THE PRACTICE OF ENTERPRISES

POLISH STANDARDS ON HEALTH AND SAFETY AS A TOOL FOR IMPLEMENTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES INTO THE PRACTICE OF ENTERPRISES POLISH STANDARDS ON HEALTH AND SAFETY AS A TOOL FOR IMPLEMENTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES INTO THE PRACTICE OF ENTERPRISES M. PĘCIŁŁO Central Institute fr Labur Prtectin ul. Czerniakwska

More information

Getting Started Guide

Getting Started Guide AnswerDash Resurces http://answerdash.cm Cntextual help fr sales and supprt Getting Started Guide AnswerDash is cmmitted t helping yu achieve yur larger business gals. The utlined pre-launch cnsideratins

More information

Research Report. Abstract: Advanced Malware Detection and Protection Trends. September 2013

Research Report. Abstract: Advanced Malware Detection and Protection Trends. September 2013 Research Reprt Abstract: Advanced Malware Detectin and Prtectin Trends By Jn Oltsik, Senir Principal Analyst With Jennifer Gahm, Senir Prject Manager September 2013 2013 by The Enterprise Strategy Grup,

More information

Northern Illinois University McHenry County College Transfer Guide Early Childhood Education (2015-2016 Catalog)

Northern Illinois University McHenry County College Transfer Guide Early Childhood Education (2015-2016 Catalog) Nrthern Illinis University Transfer Guide Early Childhd Educatin (2015-2016 Catalg) Department f Special & Early Childhd Educatin Schl f Family, Cnsumer, and Nutritin Sciences Nrthern Illinis University

More information