# Hybrid Micro-Power Energy Station; Design and Optimization by Using HOMER Modeling Software

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Hybrid Micro-Power Energy Station; Design and Optimization by Using HOMER Modeling Software"

## Transcription

3 lifetime is in operating hours. The replacement cost of the diesel unit is 5500 dollars. The price of fuel at the time of study is taken as 0.8/L in US dollars with no limit on diesel consumption per year. The fuel properties of the diesel power generator were set as: a lower heating value of 43.2 MJ/kg, a density of 820kg/m 3, a carbon content of 88% and sulfur content of 0.33%. The efficiency curve of the unit is shown in Figure 4. [2][13] Figure 5. Daily radiation and clearness index of the location. 4.3 Wind Unit The wind data collected for the suggested location and the wind scaled speed with monthly averages for the year are given in Figure 6. [2][14][15][17] Figure 4. The efficiency curve of the diesel power generator. 4.2 PV Solar Unit The daily radiation and clearness index for the selected location of the hybrid power station is shown in Figure 5. [2][14][15] The PV modules used in the proposed system are assumed to have a capital cost of 3,400 dollars/kw without considering other auxiliary components of system. The modules life time is estimated by the manufacturer to be 25 years with an O&M of 100 dollars/year. A horizontal axis monthly adjustment is considered to increase the effectiveness of PV unit. [16] Figure 6. Wind speed with monthly averages for the year. For the wind power generation, two units of small size wind turbine are considered, 3 KW and 10 KW. For the 3 KW unit, the capital cost is dollars with a life time of 15 A B Figure 7. The power curve for: (a) 3 KW wind turbine, (b) 10 KW wind turbine.

4 years, a hub height of 20 m, and a replacement cost of 7000 dollars. The O&M is taken as 300 dollars /year. The power curve of this 3 KW unit is shown in Figure 7-a. For the 10 KW unit, the capital cost is dollars with a life time of 15 years, a hub height is 20 m, and a replacement cost of dollars. The O&M is taken as 350 dollars /year. The power curve of this 10 KW unit is shown in Figure 7-b. [18-19] 4.4 Storage Battery Bank The battery type used in the proposed system is Surrette 6CS25P from the manufacture Rolls/Surrette. The Nominal voltage is 6 V and Nominal capacity of 1,156 Ah (6.94 KWh). The minimum state of charge is 40% and maximum charge rate is 1 A/Ah with a maximum charge current of 41 A. The lifetime throughput is 9,645 KWh. The cost of one battery is taken as 1200 dollars and a life time of 4 years with a replacement price of 1100 dollars and the O&M cost is 50 dollars/year. The relation between the battery capacity in Ah and the discharge current in A is given in Figure 8-a. The relation between the cycles of failure and the depth of discharge is given in Figure 8-b.[2][20] The capacity of the rectifier relative to inverter is 100% with an efficiency of 85%.[2] 5 Results and Analysis All possible hybrid configurations were used as input values for HOMER in order to find the optimum configuration based on the available resources. The model has the capability to calculate the net present cost (NPC) and the cost of energy (COE) from the installation and operation of different power generation technologies over the given life cycle of the project which is considered as 25 years. For each possible case of energy type combinations, the total net present cost (NPC), the system capacity mix, and the energy mix are analyzed. It should be noted that the total NPC is HOMER s main economic output on which different system types are ranked. (a) (b) Figure 8. (a) The relation between the battery capacity and the discharge current. (b) The relation between the cycles of failure and the depth of discharge. 4.5 Converter A converter is required for the system in which DC components serve an AC load or vice-versa. The size of the used converter is taken as 10 KW with a capital cost dollars and the O&M coast is 100 dollars/year. The converter efficiency is 90% with a lifetime of 20 years and the converter can operate simultaneously with an AC generator. Considering a wind speed of 4 m/s and a fuel price of 0.8 dollars/l, the optimum hybrid system based on the NPC and COE is given in Table 1. The system is made of an 8 KW of PV, an 8 KW diesel power generator, 12 batteries and a 4 KW converter. The capital cost of the system is 63,100 dollars and the operating cost is 3484 dollars. The total NPC is dollars and the COE is dollars/kwh which is less than the national grid tariff for Jordan which is 1.59 dollars/kwh.[21]

5 Table 1. All possible hybrid power configurations considering a wind speed of 4 m/s and a fuel price of 0.8 dollars/l. And by considering a wind speed of 5 m/s and a fuel price of 0.8 dollars/l, the optimum hybrid system based on the NPC and COE is given in Table 2. The system is made of a 6 KW of PV, a 3 KW wind turbine, an 8 KW diesel power generator, 8 batteries and a 4 KW converter. The capital cost of the system is 62,500 dollars and the operating cost is 3322 dollars. The total NPC is dollars and the COE is dollars/kwh which is lower than the previous case. Taking both the wind speed and diesel price as the two major variables in the system; the optimal configuration of the hybrid station can be suggested as shown in figure 9-a, 9-b, 9-c. with 0% capacity shortage, 5% capacity shortage, 10% capacity shortage, respectively. The shortage percentage is shown on the gird of each figure Table 2. All possible hybrid power configurations considering a wind speed of 5 m/s and a fuel price of 0.8 dollars/l. (a)

6 (b). (c) Figure 9. Optimal configuration of the hybrid station with; (a) 0% capacity shortage, (b) 5% capacity shortage, (c) 10% capacity shortage, respectively. 6 Conclusions Based on the results and analysis of the HOMER model, the optimum hybrid power station based on the current fuel price, the average wind speed, and the local site conditions is made of; a 6 KW of PV power generation unit, a 3 KW wind turbine unit, an 8 KW diesel power generator, 8 Surrette 6CS25P batteries and a 4 KW converter and a 4 KW rectifier. The capital cost of the system is 62,500 dollars and the operating cost is 3322 dollars. The total NPC is dollars and the COE is dollars/kwh with zero percentage capacity shortage which less than the current national gird price.

7 The optimization of the design and implementation of hybrid renewable energy systems is dependent on the geographic location and not just on the available renewable energy resources. A location is selected in Jordan where the government suggested the area to be one of few promising locations for renewable energy systems with a well developed infrastructure to facilitate the implementation, operation and management of the optimal hybrid power station. It should be noted that, although the application and implementation of renewable energy systems for domestic or commercial application are primarily dependent on the availability of the renewable resources on the specific site of concern, there are number of economic considerations and design tradeoffs to be taken into consideration in order to optimize cost and performance. 7 References [1] Salah abdallah, et al. "National grid, Diesel and Photovoltaic Power Generation Systems in Jordan: An Engineering and Economical Evaluation " Energy Sources Part B: Economics, Planning & Policy, Oct2010, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p , 14p. [2] National Renewable Energy Laboratory, HOMER Getting Started Guide Version 2.68, NREL, [3] Iqbal MT, A feasibility study of a zero energy home in Newfoundland, Renewable Energy, 29 (2) , 2004 [4] Designing High Reliability Power Systems for PEMEX Using HOMER, Arturo Romero Paredes Rubio, World Renewable Energy Congress VIII, Denver, Colorado, [5] Georgilakis PS, State-of-the-art of decision support systems for the choice of renewable energy sources for energy supply in isolated regions, International Journal of Distributed Energy Resources, 2 (2) , December 2005 [6] Shaahid SM, El-Amin I, Rehman S, Al-Shehri A, Bakashwain J, Ahmad F, Potential of autonomous/offgrid hybrid wind-diesel power system for electrification of a remote settlement in Saudi Arabia, Wind Engineering, 28 (5) , [7] Iqbal MT, Pre-feasibility study of a wind-diesel system for St. Brendan s, Newfoundland, Wind Engineering, 27 (1) 3951, 2003 [8] Rehman S et al, Feasibility study of hybrid retrofits to an isolated off-grid diesel power plant, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11 (2007) [9] Juhari Ab. Razak, Kamaruzzaman Sopian & Yusoff Ali, Optimization of Renewable Energy Hybrid System by Minimizing Excess Capacity. International Journal of Energy, Issue 3, Vol. 1, 2007, pp [10] Kamel, S. & Dahl, C.,The Economics of Hybrid Power Systems for Sustainable Desert Agriculture in Egypt, Energy, Vol. 30, 2005, pp [11] Ashok, S. Optimised Model for Community Based Hybrid Energy System. Renewable Energy, Vol. 32, No. 7, 2007, pp [12] Google Earth Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, United States. as of [13] as of [14] The Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan, Meteorological Department, Climate Division, Jordan Climatic Data, [15] Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy; A renewable energy resource web site Rel as of [16] The Potential of Solar Energy Application in Jordan Assessment and Analysis of Available Energy Resources, Royal Scientific Society, Vol.3, Amman- Jordan. [17] Habali, S.A.; Hamdan, M.A.S.; Jubran, B.A. and Zaid, Adnan.I.O Wind Speed and Wind Energy Potential of Jordan, Solar Energy 38(1): [18] nes/en/index.htm [19] ml as of [20] as of [21] Jordan National electrical Company.

### Optimization of Renewable Energy Hybrid System by Minimizing Excess Capacity

Optimization of Renewable Energy Hybrid System by Minimizing Excess Capacity Juhari Ab. Razak, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Yusoff Ali, Abstract Optimization of renewable energy hybrid system looks into the process

### Modelling and Simulation of Distributed Generation System Using HOMER Software

Modelling and Simulation of Distributed Generation System Using HOMER Software Bindu U Kansara Electrical Engineering Department Sardar Patel University SICART, Vidyanagar 388 1210, Gujarat, India bindu_kansara@yahoo.co.in

### HOMER Software Training Guide for Renewable Energy Base Station Design. Areef Kassam Field Implementation Manager

HOMER Training Guide for Renewable Energy Base Station Design Areef Kassam Field Implementation Manager Solar Table of Contents Introduction Step Step Step Step Solar Step Step Step Step Solar Introduction

### DETERMINATION OF THE OPTIMUM RENEWABLE POWER GENERATING SYSTEMS FOR AN EDUCATIONAL CAMPUS IN KIRKLARELI UNIVERSITY

Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges December/Aralık 2011 DETERMINATION OF THE OPTIMUM RENEWABLE POWER GENERATING SYSTEMS FOR AN EDUCATIONAL CAMPUS IN KIRKLARELI UNIVERSITY Cihan GOKCOL 1, Bahtiyar

### Design and Simulation of Micro-Power System of Renewables

Design and Simulation of Micro-Power System of Renewables Charles Kim, Ph.D. Howard University, Washington, DC USA Citation: Charles Kim, Lecture notes on Design and Simulation of Micro-Power Systems of

### Optimium Planning of Hybrid Renewable Energy System Using HOMER

International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE) Vol. 2, No. 1, February 2012, pp. 68~74 ISSN: 2088-8708 68 Optimium Planning of Hybrid Renewable Energy System Using HOMER J. B. Fulzele

### Simulations of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems and Environmental Impact for Qena Al-Gadida City

Simulations of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems and Environmental Impact for Qena Al-Gadida City Abdelrahman Atallah Z. Saleh 1, Loai S. Nasrat 2, Barakat M. Hasaneen 3, Ibrahim A.I. Nassar 4 1 Department

### Photovoltaic Systems for Village Electrification in Mongolia Techno-Economics Analysis of Hybrid Systems in Rural Community Centers

The International SEC-14, Bangkok, Thailand, 24 Photovoltaic Systems for Village Electrification in Mongolia Techno-Economics Analysis of Hybrid Systems in Rural Community Centers Amarbayar Adiyabat *,

### OFF-GRID ELECTRICITY GENERATION WITH HYBRID RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES IN IRAQ: AN APPLICATION OF HOMER

Diyala Journal of Engineering Sciences ISSN 1999-8716 Printed in Iraq Second Engineering Scientific Conference College of Engineering University of Diyala 16-17 December. 2015, pp. 277-286 OFF-GRID ELECTRICITY

### Hybrid Systems Specialisation Syllabus

Hybrid Systems Specialisation Syllabus Contents: 1. Basics of electric power systems 2. Energy generation in isolated systems 3. Electric power systems 4. Economics and socio-economics -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

### Selection of Optimum Hybrid Stand Alone Systems

Selection of Optimum Hybrid Stand Alone Systems Belgin Emre TÜRKAY Electrical Engineering Department, İstanbul Technical University, Ayazağa, Turkey turkayb@ itu.edu.tr Abstract-- A development area in

### Pre-feasibility study of stand-alone hybrid energy systems for applications in Newfoundland

Renewable Energy 30 (2005) 835 854 www.elsevier.com/locate/renene Pre-feasibility study of stand-alone hybrid energy systems for applications in Newfoundland M.J. Khan*, M.T. Iqbal 1 Faculty of Engineering

### MICROPOWER SYSTEM MODELING WITH HOMER

CHAPTER 15 MICROPOWER SYSTEM MODELING WITH HOMER TOM LAMBERT Mistaya Engineering Inc. PAUL GILMAN and PETER LILIENTHAL National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15.1 INTRODUCTION The HOMER Micropower Optimization

### SOLAR PV-WIND HYBRID POWER GENERATION SYSTEM

SOLAR PV-WIND HYBRID POWER GENERATION SYSTEM J.Godson 1,M.Karthick 2,T.Muthukrishnan 3,M.S.Sivagamasundari 4 Final year UG students, Department of EEE,V V College of Engineering,Tisaiyanvilai, Tirunelveli,

### Running on Renewables (Lesson Plan) (Utilizing HOMER: Modeling Software for Hybrid Electric Power Systems)

Running on Renewables (Lesson Plan) (Utilizing HOMER: Modeling Software for Hybrid Electric Power Systems) Suggested Grade Level 9-12 Overview Students utilize software developed by the National Renewable

### Using HOMER Software, NREL s Micropower Optimization Model, to Explore the Role of Gen-sets in Small Solar Power Systems

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Using HOMER Software, NREL s

### Additional Solar System Information and Resources

Additional Solar System Information and Resources Background information a. Roughly 400 schools in NJ already have solar systems, producing more than 91 MW, out of approximately 2500 K- 12 schools in NJ.

### Wind-Diesel Hybrid System Options for Alaska. Steve Drouilhet National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, CO

Wind-Diesel Hybrid System Options for Alaska Steve Drouilhet National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, CO Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power Systems Basic Concept A wind-diesel hybrid system combines wind turbine(s)

### Control and Optimal Sizing of PV-WIND Powered Rural Zone in Egypt

Control and Optimal Sizing of PV-WIND Powered Rural Zone in Egypt Hanaa M. Farghally, Faten H. Fahmy, and Mohamed A. H.EL-Sayed Electronics Research Institute, National Research Center Building, Cairo,

### HYBRID POWER SYSTEMS for TELECOM applications

HYBRID POWER SYSTEMS HYBRID POWER SYSTEMS HYBRID POWER SYSTEM WITH AC GENSET PRAMAC has developed a new solution that allow coupling a traditional AC constant speed diesel genset with an energy storage

### CHAPTER 7 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF HYBRID RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS

Chapter 7Performance Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems 21 CHAPTER 7 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF HYBRID RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS 7.1 Hybrid Renewable Energy System Vs Single Renewable Energy System

### Hybrid Solar Power Plant in Saint Martin s Island can Enlarge Tourist Attraction in Bangladesh

I.J. Engineering and Manufacturing, 2016, 3, 12-22 Published Online May 2016 in MECS (http://www.mecs-press.net) DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2016.03.02 Available online at http://www.mecs-press.net/ijem Hybrid Solar

### Feasibility study of wind to hydrogen system for Arctic remote locations Grimsey island case study

Feasibility study of wind to hydrogen system for Arctic remote locations Grimsey island case study D. Chade 1, T. Miklis 2*, D. Dvorak 3 ; 1 University of Strathclyde, +44 7549 703914, daniel.chade@strath.ac.uk,

### Stationary Energy Storage Solutions 3. Stationary Energy Storage Solutions

Stationary Energy Storage Solutions 3 Stationary Energy Storage Solutions 2 Stationary Energy Storage Solutions Stationary Storage: Key element of the future energy system Worldwide growing energy demand,

### Design and Economic Analysis of a Stand-Alone PV System to Electrify a Remote Area Household in Egypt

The Open Renewable Energy Journal, 2009, 2, 3337 33 Open Access Design and Economic Analysis of a StandAlone PV System to Electrify a Remote Area Household in Egypt Abd ElShafy A. afeh* Electronics Research

### Evaluation of the Solar Hybrid System for Rural Schools in Sabah, Malaysia

Evaluation of the Solar Hybrid System for Rural Schools in Sabah, Malaysia Abdul Muhaimin Mahmud Public Works Department of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Tel: +603 92354399, E-mail: muhaimin@jkr.gov.my

### Demand response impacts on off-grid hybrid photovoltaic-diesel generator microgrids

http://www.aimspress.com/ Volume 3, Issue 3, 360-376. DOI: 10.3934/energy..3.360 Received date 29 May, Accepted date 10 August, Published date 17 August Research article Demand response impacts on off-grid

### ALL STAR ELECTRIC COMPANY 10,000 Trumbull SE, Suite #F Albuquerque, NM 87123 (505) 856-1010 voice & fax NM License 21880 www.allstarelec.

ALL STAR ELECTRIC COMPANY 10,000 Trumbull SE, Suite #F Albuquerque, NM 87123 (505) 856-1010 voice & fax NM License 21880 www.allstarelec.com On-Site Power System Specialists: Photovoltaics, Wind Turbine

### Solar and Wind Energy for Greenhouses. A.J. Both 1 and Tom Manning 2

Solar and Wind Energy for Greenhouses A.J. Both 1 and Tom Manning 2 1 Associate Extension Specialist 2 Project Engineer NJ Agricultural Experiment Station Rutgers University 20 Ag Extension Way New Brunswick,

### A Stable DC Power Supply for Photovoltaic Systems

Int. J. of Thermal & Environmental Engineering Volume 12, No. 1 (216) 67-71 A Stable DC Power Supply for Photovoltaic Systems Hussain A. Attia*, Beza Negash Getu, and Nasser A. Hamad Department of Electrical,

### A Discussion of PEM Fuel Cell Systems and Distributed Generation

A Discussion of PEM Fuel Cell Systems and Distributed Generation Jeffrey D. Glandt, M. Eng. Principal Engineer, Solutions Engineering May 2011 The information contained in this document is derived from

### AC COUPLED HYBRID SYSTEMS AND MINI GRIDS

, Michael; Hermes, Matthias SMA Technologie AG Hannoversche Str. 1-5 34266 Niestetal GERMANY E-mail: Michael.@SMA.de E-mail: Matthias.Hermes@SMA.de 1. INTRODUCTION Distributed supply based on renewable

### Storage Battery System Using Lithium ion Batteries

Offices and schools Utilities / Renewable energy Storage Battery System Using Lithium ion Batteries Worldwide Expansion of Storage Battery System s Commercial Buildings Residential The Smart Energy System

### Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for North-Eastern Poland

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for North-Eastern Poland * Janusz PIECHOCKI, Piotr SOLOWIEJ, Maciej NEUGEBAUER Department of Electrical, Power, Electronic and Control Engineering, University of Warmia

### GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (08) & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (09) ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION SUBJECT CODE: 2140908 B.E. 4 th SEMESTER Type of Course: Engineering

### WIND AND SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS IN IRAN

WIND AND SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS IN IRAN H. Kazemi Karegar a,b, A.Zahedi a,v. Ohis a, G. taleghani b and M. Khalaji b a Department of Electrical & Computer Systems Engineering, PO Box 35, Monash University,

### About us The Challenge Younicos Technology Our Services Business Segments & Projects. Page 3

Contents About us The Challenge Younicos Technology Our Services Business Segments & Projects Page 3 Younicos Company Presentation 2012 About us What we do Founded in 2008, our employees today develop

### Stand-alone Photovoltaic System for a Cabin in Marsa-allam

Stand-alone Photovoltaic System for a Cabin in Marsa-allam 1,2 Hammad Abo-Zied Mohammed 1 Electrical Engineering Department, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt 2 On leave to Al Jouf University, Al Jouf,

### Solar power Availability of solar energy

Solar Energy Solar Energy is radiant energy produced in the sun as a result of nuclear fusion reactions. It is transmitted to the earth through space by electromagnetic radiation in quanta of energy called

### Solar Solutions for Off-grid Power Supply

Solar Solutions for Off-grid Power Supply 2 Solar power for everyone anytime and ANywhere More than 1.3 billion people around the globe still do not have access to electricity. The reason is simple. It

### Prospect of Stand-Alone PV-Diesel Hybrid Power System for Rural Electrification in UAE

Prospect of Stand-Alone PV-Diesel Hybrid Power System for Rural Electrification in UAE Mutasim Nour *, Golbarg Rohani* * School of Engineering and Physical Sciences (M.Nour@hw.ac.uk, golbarg.rohani@gmail.com)

### INTERFACES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES WITH ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS

INTERFACES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES WITH ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS Paulo Ferreira, Manuel Trindade, Júlio S. Martins and João L. Afonso University of Minho, Braga, Portugal paulo.alves.ferreira@sapo.pt,

### 22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Milan, Italy, September 2007

CLASSIFICATION OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY HYBRID SYSTEMS K. Bromberger, K. Brinkmann Department of Automation and Energy Systems Technology, University of Applied Sciences Trier

### Power Management of Cell Sites

International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science (IRJES) ISSN (Online) 2319-183X, (Print) 2319-1821 Volume 2, Issue 9 (September 2013), PP.41-45 Power Management of Cell Sites K.Santhosh Kumar

### Wind Energy and Production of Hydrogen and Electricity Opportunities for Renewable Hydrogen

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Wind Energy and Production of

### Simple project evaluation spreadsheet model

Simple project evaluation spreadsheet model Africa Electricity Institute Practitioner Workshop 15 November 2011 -- Dakar, Senegal Chris Greacen Two very different models Used by: Excel financial model

### Prospects and Viability of Solar Energy in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Prospects and Viability of Solar Energy in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan Muhammad Riaz 1, Amjad Ullah 2, Khadim Ullah Jan 3 1,2 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology

### Energy Systems Integration

Energy Systems Integration Dr. Martha Symko-Davies Director of Partnerships, ESI March 2015 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy,

### Renewable Hybrid System Applications around the World

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Renewable Hybrid System Applications around the World NREL NETL DOE Natural Gas/Renewable Energy Hybrids Workshops #2 held at NREL August 21-22, 2001 Roger Taylor Manager,

### Master of Science Program (M.Sc.) in Renewable Energy Engineering in Qassim University

Master of Science Program (M.Sc.) in Renewable Energy Engineering in Qassim University Introduction: The world is facing the reality that the global energy demand is increasing significantly over the coming

### Feasibility Study of Brackish Water Desalination in the Egyptian Deserts and Rural Regions Using PV Systems

Feasibility Study of Brackish Water Desalination in the Egyptian Deserts and Rural Regions Using PV Systems G.E. Ahmad, *J. Schmid National Research Centre, Solar Energy Department P.O. Box 12622, El-Tahrir

### Leveraging Renewable Energy in Data Centers: Present and Future

Leveraging Renewable Energy in Data Centers: Present and Future Ricardo Bianchini Department of Computer Science Collaborators: Josep L. Berral, Inigo Goiri, Jordi Guitart, Md. Haque, William Katsak, Kien

### Centralized vs. distributed power generation in developing countries: what's smarter? Marco Raganella. September the 16 th, Rabat

Centralized vs. distributed power generation in developing countries: what's smarter? Marco Raganella September the 16 th, Rabat PV Competitiveness in Village Powers Strategic Rationale Currently off-grid

### Totally Integrated Power SIESTORAGE. The modular energy storage system for a reliable power supply. www.siemens.com/siestorage

Totally Integrated Power SIESTORAGE The modular energy storage system for a reliable power supply www.siemens.com/siestorage Totally Integrated Power (TIP) We bring power to the point. Our products, systems,

### FREE iphone APP Get our FREE OPEX SAVER CALCULATOR iphone App scan code to go direct to App Store.

Text and design: Creuna/Mikla. Photo: Shutterstock, Getty Images. Document no: MMP10.0002.BR3 WWW.ELTEK.COM FREE iphone APP Get our FREE OPEX SAVER CALCULATOR iphone App scan code to go direct to App Store.

### EVALUATING SOLAR ENERGY PLANTS TO SUPPORT INVESTMENT DECISIONS

EVALUATING SOLAR ENERGY PLANTS TO SUPPORT INVESTMENT DECISIONS Author Marie Schnitzer Director of Solar Services Published for AWS Truewind October 2009 Republished for AWS Truepower: AWS Truepower, LLC

pp. 150 154 Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar PV Based FM Radio Broadcasting Stations Prakash Khadka 1 *, Jagan Nath Shrestha 2 1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk

### Sensitivity analysis for concentrating solar power technologies

20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Adelaide, Australia, 1 6 December 2013 www.mssanz.org.au/modsim2013 Sensitivity analysis for concentrating solar power technologies B. Webby a a

### Control of a Hybrid Energy System

Control of a Hybrid Energy System Michael Snow, B. Eng. P. Eng. Master of Engineering Candidate Supervisors: Tariq Iqbal Neil Bose Outline Introduction Background Problem Design Methodology Research Design

### Renewable Energy Microgrid. Research Center

Renewable Energy Microgrid Testbed at NASA Ames Research Center Joel Kubby, Dan O Leary, Ali Shakouri Baskin School of Engineering, i Dept. of Electrical Engineering, UCSC Goals Set-up a unique microgrid

### Demonstration tests of microgrid systems using renewable energy for small remote islands

21, rue d Artois, F-758 PARIS C1_116_212 CIGRE 212 http: //www.cigre.org Demonstration tests of microgrid systems using renewable energy for small remote islands K. ISHIDA Y. SHIMOGAWA Y. SATO K. TAKANO

### Yield Reduction due to Shading:

1x4 1x16 10 x CBC Energy A/S x Danfoss Solar Inverters CBC-40W Poly 40 W TLX 1,5k 5 ; 1x11 3x4 0 1,5kW 1536 x CBC Energy A/S 1 x Power-One CBC-40W Poly 40 W TRIO-7,6-TL-OUTD 30 ; 4x14 0 7,6kW Location:

### POWER YOUR TELECOM SITE WITH OLYMPIAN Hybrid Power for Telecom Applications Solar Photovoltaic Wind Diesel Battery

POWER YOUR TELECOM SITE WITH OLYMPIAN Hybrid Power for Telecom Applications Solar Photovoltaic Wind Diesel Battery For more than 85 years, Caterpillar has created products and services that support the

### Off-Grid Renewable Hybrid Power Generation System for a Public Health Centre in Rural Village

Off-Grid Renewable Hybrid ower Generation System for a ublic Health Centre in Rural Village A K radhan*, S K Kar**, M K Mohanty*** * Department of Electrical Engineering, Research Scholar, S O A University,

### The Energy Transition in Germany Past, Present and Future

The Energy Transition in Germany Past, Present and Future smart energy Paraná, Conferência International 2014 9 May 2014 Dr. Carsten Tschamber A Brief History of the Energiewende 1973 - oil crisis, Federal

### Power Your Telecom site with olympian Hybrid Power for Telecom Applications Solar Photovoltaic Wind Diesel Battery

Power Your Telecom site with olympian Hybrid Power for Telecom Applications Solar Photovoltaic Wind Diesel Battery For more than 85 years, Caterpillar has created products and services that support the

### Sodium Sulfur Battery. ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM for Reducing CO2 Emissions

Sodium Sulfur Battery ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM for Reducing CO2 Emissions Sodium Sulfur Battery For the Future of Our Planet NGK s NAS system is now generating momentum for saving energy and renewable energy

### Off-grid solar and backup power installations

Off-grid solar and backup power installations A World of Power Problems... Residential Backup Power Grid-Interactive 3-Phase Commercial Buildings with Backup Power Grid-Interactive Residential with Backup

### Integrating End-User and Grid Focused Batteries and Long-Term Power-to-Gas Storage for Reaching a 100 % Renewable Energy Supply

Integrating End-User and Grid Focused Batteries and Long-Term Power-to-Gas Storage for Reaching a 100 % Renewable Energy Supply M. Hlusiak, Ch. Breyer 7 th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference

### Investment Opportunities Solar Energy Applications in Egypt

شركة صوالر الشمس للطاقات الجديدة والمتجددة )ش.ذ.م.م( Solar-AlShams Co for New and Renewable Energies (LLC) Investment Opportunities Solar Energy Applications in Egypt Faisal Eissa BSc. Eng. MBA, MIET COO

### Fuel cell microchp: Greener and cheaper energy for all

Fuel cell microchp: Greener and cheaper energy for all Paddy Thompson General Manager Business Development Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd. May 2013 1 What does our generation mix look like today? 2 Will the lights

### The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still

### Performance Assessment of 100 kw Solar Power Plant Installed at Mar Baselios College of Engineering and Technology

Performance Assessment of 100 kw Solar Power Plant Installed at Mar Baselios College of Engineering and Technology Prakash Thomas Francis, Aida Anna Oommen, Abhijith A.A, Ruby Rajan and Varun S. Muraleedharan

### Solar Energy. Airports Going Green Aimee Fenlon

Solar Energy Airports Going Green Aimee Fenlon 1 Renewable vs. Non-Renewable Electrical Generation Renewables: Source Advantages Disadvantages Solar PV No CO2; Needs no Fuel Intermittent no power at night,

### CSP. Feranova Reflect Technology. klimaneutral natureoffice.com DE-296-558771 gedruckt

RENEWABLE SOURCES RENEWABLE SOURCES CSP Feranova Reflect Technology klimaneutral natureoffice.com DE-296-558771 gedruckt Gedruckt auf 100% Recyclingpapier Circlesilk Premium White 200/150 g/m 2 2012 Feranova

### Chancellor s Residence:

University of Colorado at Boulder Chancellor s Residence: Smart Home energy management through technology innovation efficiency in partnership with SmartGridCity Boulder s first Smart Home The University

### Remote Community Renewable Energy Partnership

Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Photo credit: Ian Baring-Gould Remote Community Renewable Energy Partnership Brian Hirsch, PhD Na/onal Renewable Energy Laboratory Alaska Wind Integra

### Solar power system installation for homes & businesses

Solar power system installation for homes & businesses 02 For more information visit www.ac-solar.co.uk Welcome to AC Solar AC Solar is one of the UKs leading domestic Solar PV installers, with wide experience

### SIMULATION OF A COMBINED WIND AND SOLAR POWER PLANT

SMULATON OF A COMBNED WND AND SOLAR POWER PLANT M. T. SAMARAKOU Athens University, Electronics Laboratory, Solonos /04, Athens, Greece AND J. C. HENNET Laboratoire d'automatique et d'analyse des Systemes

### Solar energy is available as long as the sun shines, but its intensity depends on weather conditions and geographic

Solar Energy What is Solar Energy? The radiation from the sun gives our planet heat and light. All living things need energy from the sun to survive. More energy from sunlight strikes the earth in one

### Stand Alone PV System Sizing Worksheet (example)

Stand Alone PV System Sizing Worksheet (example) Application: Stand alone camp system 7 miles off grid Location: Baton Rouge, La Latitude: 31.53 N A. Loads A1 Inverter efficiency 85 A2 Battery Bus voltage

### Running the Electric Meter Backwards: Real-Life Experience with a Residential Solar Power System

Running the Electric Meter Backwards: Real-Life Experience with a Residential Solar Power System Brooks Martner Lafayette, Colorado University of Toledo Spring 2015 PHYS 4400 - Principles and Varieties

### Renewable Energy Microgrid Testbed at NASA Ames Research Center

Renewable Energy Microgrid Testbed at NASA Ames Research Center Joel Kubby, Dan O Leary, Daniel Hernandez, Stig Högberg & Ali Shakouri Baskin School of Engineering, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, UCSC

### Renewable Energy: Essential terms terms and and concepts for citizens and a dvocates advocates

Renewable Energy: Essential terms and concepts for citizens and advocates Courtesy of NASA Contact Information Pete Shoemaker Pacific Energy Center 851 Howard St. San Francisco, CA 94103 (415) 973-8850

### Definition of effective metrics for evaluating the efficiency of hybrid power systems at telecom cell sites

Power topic #NAPT-5516-EN Technical information from Cummins Power Generation Definition of effective metrics for evaluating the efficiency of hybrid power systems at telecom cell sites A system-level

### A solution for a 100% renewable energy based island system

A solution for a 100% renewable energy based island system Younicos Let the fossils rest in peace. We are working on a world in which all energy produced is CO2-free on the basis of renewable generation

### MICRO-HYDROPOWER NEED FOR ENERGY FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT. By: Payman Hassan Rashed

MICRO-HYDROPOWER NEED FOR ENERGY FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT Significant water resources are found in many developing countries. In areas where adequate water resources are present, harnessing the power of falling

### The business model of MICRO POWER ECONOMY DIRECTORY. INENSUS GmbH 2011. The business model

INENSUS GmbH TITEL 2011 DIRECTORY 01 The business model of 01 The business model of Micro Power Economy is a strategic tool to establish a market for economically and ecologically viable electrification

### System Modelling and Online Optimal Management of MicroGrid with Battery Storage

1 System Modelling and Online Optimal Management of MicroGrid with Battery Storage Faisal A. Mohamed, Heikki N. Koivo Control Engineering Lab, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 5500, FIN-0015

### VGB Congress Power Plants 2001 Brussels October 10 to 12, 2001. Solar Power Photovoltaics or Solar Thermal Power Plants?

VGB Congress Power Plants 2001 Brussels October 10 to 12, 2001 Solar Power Photovoltaics or Solar Thermal Power Plants? Volker Quaschning 1), Manuel Blanco Muriel 2) 1) DLR, Plataforma Solar de Almería,

### Development of Grid-stabilization Power-storage Systems Using Lithium-ion Rechargeable Batteries

48 Development of Grid-stabilization Power-storage Systems Using Lithium-ion Rechargeable Batteries TSUTOMU HASHIMOTO *1 AKIO KURITA *2 MASAAKI MINAMI *3 MASAHIRO YOSHIOKA *2 KATSUAKI KOBAYASHI *4 MASAYUKI

### Photovoltaic in Mexico Recent Developments and Future

Photovoltaic in Mexico Recent Developments and Future Rodolfo Martínez Strevel Berlin, Germany May 23th, 2013 Bufete de Tecnología Solar, S.A. (BUTECSA) Production of Primary Energy in Mexico, 2011 % 7,0

### Solar Power HourSM. Solar educa on for your community.

Solar Power HourSM Solar educa on for your community. 1 Contents About. 1 Commonly Asked Questions.. 2-3 The Solar Site Assessment.. 3-4 Selecting a Solar Installer. 5-7 Certified Installers by State.

### Building Integrated Combined Solar Thermal and Electric Generation Demonstration Project at Concordia University

Building Integrated Combined Solar Thermal and Electric Generation Demonstration Project at Concordia University Summary An innovative solar energy installation has been installed at Concordia University

### Comparison of Recent Trends in Sustainable Energy Development in Japan, U.K., Germany and France

Comparison of Recent Trends in Sustainable Energy Development in Japan, U.K., Germany and France Japan - U.S. Workshop on Sustainable Energy Future June 26, 2012 Naoya Kaneko, Fellow Center for Research

### Hybrid and Off grid Systems Princeton Power Systems Inverter Technology Ken McCauley and Alan Cohen Princeton Power Systems

Hybrid and Off grid Systems Princeton Power Systems Inverter Technology Ken McCauley and Alan Cohen Princeton Power Systems Core Technologies High quality, Robust Power Electronics: Grid Tied Inverter

### Farm Industry. Business Residential Schools

Small (Distributed) Wind Technology Farm Industry Business Residential Schools Trudy Forsyth Trudy_forsyth@nrel.gov National Renewable Energy Laboratory June 2008 1 Presentation Outline Power in the wind

### Towards a Safe and Clean Environment,TSCE 05

THE INFLUENCE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY CONVERSION TO ELECTRICITY ON THE EGYPTIAN ENVIRONMENT By Prof. Dr. Eng. H. H. El-Tamaly Dr. Ali M. Eltamaly dr_h_tamaly@yahoo.com eltamaly@yahoo.com Electrical Engineering