1 Free Java and OpenJDK Andrew Haley Tech Lead, Open Source Java
2 16 May 2006: Sun announce that it's going to free Java: "This announcement represents the next phase of open sourcing Sun's Java software portfolio. What was started last year with the enterprise Java platform, has now become a complete solution for SOA development through this release..", said Rich Green, Executive Vice President, Software, Sun Microsystems, Inc.
3 16 May 2006: Sun announce that it's going to free Java: "This announcement represents the next phase of open sourcing Sun's Java software portfolio. What was started last year with the enterprise Java platform, has now become a complete solution for SOA development through this release..", said Rich Green, Executive Vice President, Software, Sun Microsystems, Inc. I don't believe it!
4 16 May 2006: Sun announce that it's going to free Java: "This announcement represents the next phase of open sourcing Sun's Java software portfolio. What was started last year with the enterprise Java platform, has now become a complete solution for SOA development through this release..", said Rich Green, Executive Vice President, Software, Sun Microsystems, Inc. I didn't believe it! Wait until we actually see the code!
5 16 May 2006: Sun announce that it's going to free Java: "This announcement represents the next phase of open sourcing Sun's Java software portfolio. What was started last year with the enterprise Java platform, has now become a complete solution for SOA development through this release..", said Rich Green, Executive Vice President, Software, Sun Microsystems, Inc. I didn't believe it! Wait until we actually see the code! Which licence will they use?
6 A digression: free software licence incompatibility It's possible to have a pair of free software licences that are incompatible Both licences may be perfectly good free software licences, but their special terms make sharing code impossible Example: GPL and Apache licences
7 A digression: free software licence incompatibility It's possible to have a pair of free software licences that are incompatible Both licences may be perfectly good free software licences, but their special terms make sharing code impossible Example: GPL and Apache licences This is a Bad Thing
8 Another digression: Java at Red Hat gcj: started by Per Bothner at Cygnus in 1998 Still not fully Java(tm) compatible Part of many GNU/Linux distributions GNU Classpath: a set of core Java libraries Still not fully Java(tm) compatible Part of many GNU/Linux distributions
9 13 November 2006: Sun announce the licence Today in a historic move, Sun is opening the door to greater innovation by open sourcing key Java implementations Java Platform Standard Edition (Java SE), Java Platform Micro Edition (Java ME), and Java Platform Enterprise Edition (Java EE) under the GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2), the same license as GNU/Linux. This is a huge move, and probably the greatest ever single donation of free software Crucially, this is the same licence as gcj and GNU Classpath, so we can combine our code
10 9 May 2007: the complete source code is released
11 9 May 2007: the complete source code is released Well, not exactly complete 5% is missing
12 9 May 2007: the complete source code is released Well, not exactly complete 5% is missing Sun shipping binary plugs that come with no source code for that missing 5% This is a big problem for Fedora/Debian and friends: We don't like or trust weird bits of binary in our systems The Rules don't allow it anyway
13 IcedTea to the rescue Fill the missing 5% with code from GNU Classpath This is only possible because Sun chose the GPL We could have made this a Red Hat project but we didn't want people working on other GNU/Linux distributions to be disssuaded from working with us Mark Wielaard, GNU Classpath maintainer, sets up
14 So why did Sun not ship 5% of the code? Because they didn't own it!
15 So why did Sun not ship 5% of the code? Because they didn't own it! Over the years, Sun had licensed code from many vendors, some of whom did not want their code to be freed Important lessons to be learned
16 How are we going to build this thing, anyway? Bootstrapping is now a big problem Sun build OpenJDK with a previous (unfree) version of their own JDK, but we can't do that
17 How are we going to build this thing, anyway? Bootstrapping is now a big problem Sun build OpenJDK with a previous (unfree) version of their own JDK, but we can't do that gcj to the rescue! gcj is truly free software, so we're allowed to use it to build OpenJDK packages for GNU/Linux distributions We won't risk unfree software leaking into OpenJDK dusing the build process
18 Over the next few weeks, the Red Hat team toils heroically to create the hybrid of GNU Classpath and OpenJDK that is to become IcedTea Less than a month after OpenJDK is released, IcedTea 1.0 the first truly free version of the software is released
19 Over the next few weeks, the Red Hat team toils heroically to create the hybrid of GNU Classpath and OpenJDK that is to become IcedTea Less than a month after OpenJDK is released, IcedTea 1.0 the first truly free version of the software is released It's not complete, but it's good enough for most purposes
20 Over the next few weeks, the Red Hat team toils heroically to create the hybrid of GNU Classpath and OpenJDK that is to become IcedTea Less than a month after OpenJDK is released, IcedTea 1.0 the first truly free version of the software is released It's not complete, but it's good enough for most purposes Some non functional stubs Since then, Sun have found or created free replacements for most of the binary plugs
21 Only i386 and x86 64 supported by Sun IcedTea project releases interpreter only portable version This becomes Zero, the zero assembler OpenJDK Slow, but good enough
22 Only i386 and x86 64 supported by Sun IcedTea project releases interpreter only portable version This becomes Zero, the zero assembler OpenJDK Slow, but good enough We're looking at Just In Time (JIT) compilation using LLVM This is a very different approach from that of proprietary Java, which doesn't co operate with other projects This won't be released in the short term
23 OpenJDK / IcedTea was a preview of Java SE Version 7 Java SE Version 7 spec not yet released OpenJDK / IcedTea isn't really compatible with anything Good enough for most things Shipped as part of Fedora 8
25 After Fedora 8, the lack of a Java SE 6 compatible version becomes a real problem Java 7 specification is still in flux, and developers might depend on unstablea APIs Joe Darcy's team at Sun begins the work of fixing the Java 7 antibugs so that we can have a Java 6 compatible release We quickly decide that Fedora 9's Java must be based on this Java 6 compatible code base
26 Sun now allows Fedora to use the OpenJDK trademark for its package This makes good sense, as most of the original binary plugs have now been replaced, and Fedora's OpenJDK is very similar to the package that Sun themselves distribute
27 Not everything in the garden is rosy Many of the JSRs and TCKs are still secret / proprietary If Java is to become the free software platform of choice, this must end
28 We now can try to pass the Java SE Technical Compatibility Kit This is a huge job, but we're working on it We're hoping to make an announcement soon, so Watch This Space This will be the most significant single event since the first announcement that the code is freed It will allow us to call OpenJDK Java compatible
29 Free Java and OpenJDK We now can try to pass the Java SE Technical Compatibility Kit This is a huge job, but we're working on it We're hoping to make an announcement soon, so Watch This Space This will be the most significant single event since the first announcement that the code is freed It will allow us to call OpenJDK Java compatible And then we can say Java is Free!
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