Appendice A. A. Elenco degli acronimi utilizzati

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1 A. 3DES: Triple Data Encryption Standard ABI: Associazione Bancaria Italiana AC: Access Condition AES: American Encryption Standard AH: Authentication Header AIPA: Autorità per l'informatica nella Pubblica Amministrazione APDU: Application Protocol Data Unit API: Application Program Interface ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange ATM: Automatic Teller Machine ATR: Answer to Reset Tesi di Laurea di Elena Nuti 149

2 B: bytes B2B: Business to Business B2C: Business to Consumer BS: Base Security BSO: Base Security Object CA: Certification Authority CAPI: Microsoft CryptoAPI CBC: Cipher Block Chaining CCD: Charge Coupled Device CBEFF: Common Biometrics Exchange File Format CDSA: Common Data Security Architecture CFB: Cipher FeedBack CGI: Common Gateway Interface CIE: Carta di Identità Elettronica CLA: Byte di classificazione CNS: Carta Nazionale dei Servizi COM: Component Object Model CON: Confidentiality CPU: Central Process Unit CRL: Certificate Revocation List CRM: Customer Realationship Management CS: Centro Servizi Tesi di Laurea di Elena Nuti 150

3 CSP: Crypto Service Provider CSS: Current Security Status d.p.r. Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica DEC: Decryption DES: Data Encryption Standard DF: Dedicated File DH: Diffie-Hellman DS: Digital Signature DoD: Department of Defense DoS: Denial of Service EBT: Electron Beam Tester ECB: Electronic Code Book EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory EER: Equal Error Rate EF: Elementary File EMS: ElectroMagnetic Analysis EMV: EuroPay, MasterCard, Visa ENC: Encryption EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory ESP: Encapsulating Security Payload FAR: False Acceptance Rate FCI: File Control Information Tesi di Laurea di Elena Nuti 151

4 FIB: Focused Ion Beam FID: File ID FIPS: Federal Information Processing Standards FRR: False Rejection Rate FS: Fornitore di Servizi GSM: Global System for Mobile Communications HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol HTTPS: Secure HTTP ICC: Integrated Circuit Card IDEA: International Data Encryption Algorithm IFD: InterFace Device IKE: Internet Key Exchange INS: Byte di istruzione IP: Internet Protocol IPSec: Internet Protocol Security ISAKMP: Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol ISO: International Organization for Standardization IT: Information Technology ITSEC: Information Technology Security Evaluation Criteria KB: Kilobytes LAN: Local Area Network Tesi di Laurea di Elena Nuti 152

5 LFSR: Linear FeedBack Shift Register MAC: Message Authentication Coding MHz: Megahertz MITM: Man in the middle MF: Master file o Main File MSE: Manage Security Environment NIST: National Institute of Standard and Technology NSA: National Security Agency OCI: Informazione di controllo oggetti OCF: OpenCard Framework OFB: Output FeedBack OI: Order Info OS: Operating System OSI: Open Systems Interconnected PC: Personal Computer PCBC: Propagating Cipher Block Chaining PC/SC: Personal Computer/Smart Card PGP: Pretty Good Privacy PI: Payment Instruction PIN: Personal identification Number PKCS: Public Key Cryptographic System PKI: Public Key Infrastructure Tesi di Laurea di Elena Nuti 153

6 POS: Point of Sale PSO: Perform Security Operation PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network PUK: PIN Unblocking Key PVC: Poly Vinyl Chloride RAM: Random Access Memory RCn: algoritmo Rivest Code numero n RF: Radio Frequenza ROM: Read-Only Memory RSA: algoritmo Rivest-Shamir-Adelman SA: Security Association SAM: Security Application Module SC: Smart Card SCSUG: Smart Card Security User Group SE: Secure Environment SEO: Secure Environment Object SET: Secure Electronic Transaction SHA: Secure Hash Algorithm SIM: Subscriber Identification Module SM: Secure Messaging SOAP: Simple Object Access Protocol SPOM -Self-Programmable One-chip Microcomputer Tesi di Laurea di Elena Nuti 154

7 SSB: Società per i Servizi Bancari SSL: Secure Sockets Layer STS: Station to Station Protocol SW: Software TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TDES: Triple Data Encryption Standard TLV: Tag Length Value TPV: Terminali Punti Vendita TSA: TimeStamping Authority TSP: Tecnologie e Servizi per il Pubblico UDDI: Universal Description Discovery and Interrogation UMTS: Universal Mobile Telecommunications System USB: Universal Serial Bus VOP: Visa Open Platform VPN: Virtual Private Network W3C: World Wide Web Consortium WAN: Wide Area Network WS: Web Service WSD: Web Service Description WSDL: Web Service Description Language WWW: World Wide Web XML: extensible Markup Language Tesi di Laurea di Elena Nuti 155

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