1 Writing skill 40 p IRÁNYÍTOTT FOGALMAZÁS ÍRÁSA CÉLNYELVEN, 160 SZÓBAN; ÁLTALÁNOS ÉS KÉTNYELVŰ SZÓTÁR HASZNÁLATA MEGENGEDETT (40 pont; 60 perc) Write your opinion using all the given prompts in 160 (+/- 10) words. Magyarország csatlakozott a megújuló energiai és energiahatékonysági együttműködéshez. A 2003 októberében indult brit kezdeményezés a megújuló energia hatékony felhasználását tűzte ki világszerte. A csatlakozással a magyar kormányzat és a magyar vállalkozások is hozzáférhetnek a világon a megújuló energiaforrások felhasználásának gyakorlatát felvonultató legnagyobb adatbankhoz. Az unió 2020-ra 20%-os megújuló energiafelhasználást ír elő ugyan, de hazánk csak százalékot tud teljesíteni. Use the given prompts for your composition: a csatlakozás előnyt jelenthet a lemaradás behozatalában hazánk számára a biomassza, a geotermikus energia és szélenergia használata lehet megoldás szükséges a társadalom környezettudatosságának elősegítése You have 60 minutes for this task. You are allowed to use a monolingual or bilingual dictionary. Sample solution: I believe that Hungary s commitment within the EU to use renewable energy sources is a crucial issue. It is important not only for the sake of its own future generations, but it is also essential to remain economically competitive and attractive to foreign investors. After long years of inefficiently protecting the environment Hungary has to think green in order to minimise pollution. In fact, Hungary is rich in geothermal energy, it has large open spaces for building windfarms and unused lands for growing crops to produce biomass-derived fuels. Obviously, each of these sources are costly, but in my opinion, the long-term benefits outweigh any initial costs. Moreover, because of the EU s commitment to green energy, Hungary can expect to receive the funding that it needs for these investments. A growing green consciousness will make a positive impact on people too. Hopefully people will soon accept the fact that it is better to reduce energy consumption than to protest against the continuously rising energy prices. 166 words Értékelési szempontok a) szakmai feladatteljesítés, tartalmi kivitelezés: 10 p./ b) szakmai nyelvhasználat: 10 p./ c) szövegalkotás, koherencia: 10 p./ d) nyelvhelyesség: 10 p./ összesen: 40p./
2 Lexical-grammatical test NYELVISMERETI TESZT (60/2=30 p; 60 perc; SZÓTÁR NEM HASZNÁLHATÓ) Please give all your answers on the enclosed ANSWER SHEET I. Find the correct answer that fits the sentence. (10x1) 10 p e.g. After I had worked very hard my was significantly increased by my boss. A. profit B. salary C. interest D. subsidy 1. The chief executive resigned from his post last year. A. manager B. director C. officer D. leader 2. I handed in my letter of after I had heard about the job. A. applying B. application C. applicant D. applicant s 3. Employers should give a higher salary to those who work on night. A. session B. time C. shift D. season 4. All workers should be dismissed immediately. A. unwilling B. inefficient C. unsatisfied D. unsafe 5. Because of the firm s bad marketing strategy, we are now in the A. black B. red C. bankrupt D. bankruptcy 6. The Asian company is planning to buy out its in the region. A. a competitive B. a competitor C. competitor D. competitive 7. Luckily the new rival had no significant on our sales figures. A. affect B. effect C. challenge D. challenging 8. Our Asian subsidiary is going to be closed down the soft sales. A. resulting B. because C. due to D. due 9. Franchisees have to pay to the owner of the licence. A. royalty B. loyalty C. income tax D. tax income 10. The firm is not only but it is on the edge of closing down. A. disprofitable B. profitless C. unprofitable D. non-profiting II. Fill in the missing words if necessary /only one in every space/ (10x1) 10 p e.g. Finally we have decided not to bring up the issue at the meeting. 1. This joint will enable us to enter the Chinese market. 2. New Eastern-European countries are planning to enter the EU. 3. His suggestion was down. 4. He suggested ing for a job with the Department. 5. The management had to put the meeting to a later date. 6. Unfortunately my boss never approves my innovative ideas. 7. Confidence is the to all success. 8. The ability to work is a sign of a good manager. 9. of experience will generally count against you in a job interview. 10. The firm s management decided to buy our main Asian rival.
3 III. Complete the sentences using an appropriate form of the word given. (10x2) 20p e.g. All managers of the firm agreed that the campaign should start. (MANAGE) 1. Our budget was much lower than we expected. (ADVERTISE) 2. We are unable to maintain last year s improvements in. (PROFIT) 3. The budget was accepted unanimously. (PROPOSE) 4. Lack of and market orientation led to falling sales and profits. (INVEST) 5. I have never you to sell your shares so urgently. (ADVICE) 6. In this job, experience is more important than. (QUALIFY) 7. This new type of engine makes our car the most in the market. (ECONOMY) 8. The products of our firm are so that we are losing market share. (COMPETE) 9. He received training to help him develop these skills. (MANAGE) 10. The introduction of the euro has the country s economy. (STRONG) IV. Complete these sentences with the following words. Use each word once only. (10x1) 10 p controlled supply experienced financing transition bonds breakup rate expenditures fiscal collecting Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russia has 1 near hyperinflation. In the 1990s the inflation 2 was said to be running at about one percent a day. Before the Soviet regime fell apart, the economy was centrally planned and 3. Government 4 were normally matched by government revenues. But during the period of 5 the chain of command and control virtually disintegrated. The government has had a difficult time 6 tax revenues. The government has only two choices: deficit 7 or printing money. But not many investors have enough confidence to purchase Russian 8. If the money 9 increases, inflation is certain to follow. The government can be blamed for its inability to carry out 10 policy in a reasonable manner.
4 V. Finish each sentence in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence before it. (10x1) 10 p e.g. It s ages since we last had an order from CWP. We haven t had any orders from CWP for ages. 1. Turkish EU entry seems to be unrealistic in the near future. It seems 2. People who prefer not to use self-service systems will be forced to pay higher prices. If you refuse 3. The subcontractors missed the deadline again. The subcontractors failed 4. It would not be advisable for us to accept this offer. We had 5. They have promoted him to the post of Sales Manager. He 6. It s difficult for them to keep up with new developments. They 7. Waiting is not for us, our company has no time for that. Our company cannot afford 8. Although our market share is stable, our R&D budget has been cut. Despite 9. I d like my new boss to listen to me. I wish 10. I expected the end-of-year meeting to last longer. The end-of-year meeting didn t
5 Lexical-grammatical test 60p/2=30p Értékelő: ANSWER SHEET (PLEASE WRITE ALL YOUR ANSWERS ON THIS PAPER) I. Find the correct answer that fits the sentence and write in letter A / B / C (10x1) 10 p or D II. Fill in the missing words /one in every space/ (10x1) 10 p III. Complete the sentences using an appropriate form of the word given. (10x2) 20 p IV. Complete these sentences with the following words. (10x1) 10 p V. Finish each sentence in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence before it. 1. It seems (10x1) 10 p 2. If you refuse 3. The subcontractors failed 4. We had 5. He 6. They 7. Our company cannot afford 8. Despite 9. I wish 10. The end-of-year meeting didn t
6 Lexical-grammatical test ANSWER KEY I. Find the correct answer that fits the sentence and write in letter A / B / C (10x1) 10 p or D. 1. C 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. B 8. C 9. A 10. C II. Fill in the missing words /one in every space/ (10x1) 10 p 1. venture turned 4. applying 5. off 6. of 7. key 8. delegate 9. lack 10. out III. Complete the sentences using an appropriate form of the word given. (10x2) 20 p 1. advertising 2. profitability 3. proposal 4. investment 5. advised 6. qualification 7. economical 8. uncompetitive 9. managerial 10. strengthened IV. Complete these sentences with the following words. (10x1) 10 p 1. experienced 2. rate 3. controlled 4. expenditures 5. transition 6. collecting 7. financing 8. bonds 9. supply 10. fiscal V. Finish each sentence in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence before it. (Esetenként egyéb helyes megoldások is elfogadhatóak) 1. It seems that Turkey is unlikely to enter the EU in the near future (10x1) 10 p 2. If you refuse to use self-service systems you will be forced to pay higher prices 3. The subcontractors failed to meet the deadline. 4. We had better not accept this offer. 5. He has been promoted to the post of Sales Manager. 6. They find it difficult to keep up with new developments./they have difficulty keeping up with 7. Our company cannot afford to wait. 8. Despite the stability of our market share, our R&D budget has been cut. 9. I wish my new boss listened to me./i wish my new boss would listen to me 10. The end-of-year meeting didn t last as long as I expected.
7 Reading comprehension test SZÖVEGÉRTÉS TESZT (30 PONT;60 PERC),SZÓTÁR NEM HASZNÁLHATÓ THE GREAT UNRAVELLING Is globalisation killing India s cotton farmers? Only one in 12 of India s farmers has ever heard of the World Trade Organisation. The mostly illiterate cotton farmers of Vidarhba surely count among the other 11. But even the most exalted of trade officials has heard of them. In the past 18 months more than 1,200 farmers in this, the cotton bowl of India, have taken their lives to escape debts to money-lenders. In the Doha round of global trade talks India heads a group of more than 40 poor countries that want to shelter their farmers from foreign competition. Last year Oxfam, a charity, published a study arguing that the farmers plight was worsened by their indiscriminate and forced integration into an unfair global system. The Vidarbha suicides have many causes, most of them home-grown. The farmers borrowed money at punitive rates, so they could buy biotech cotton-seeds. But diesel for the pumps leapt in price, and the seeds proved ill-suited to small plots, fed mostly by rain. None of this is globalisation s fault. But farmers have also been hurt by the low world price of their crop, which has fallen by more than a third since Last season the state government cut the guaranteed price it paid for cotton by more than 10%. Prices are low partly because cotton is so heavily subsidised by rich countries, principally America. The Doha round aims to cut these handouts ambitiously and expeditiously. If they were cut completely, it might add about 13% to world prices, according to one recent estimate by two World Bank economists. But the Doha round is unlikely to be so slick. A more likely scenario, in which cotton subsidies are cut by a third (and export subsidies eliminated) would add less than 5% to the price. In the meantime, India s government could impose a countervailing tariff on dumped cotton. But cheap fibres please its textile industry, which is keen to take advantage of the end in 2005 of the old quota regime. India s cotton tariff is just 10%, much lower than its tariffs on other commodities such as sugar. And exporters of yarn and cloth don t even have to pay that. Cheap cotton keeps the textile mills humming: were subsidies to be removed, India would lose overall by the equivalent of about $84m, according to the World Bank. In the abstract, the answer to the farmers distress seems easy: move from growing cotton to weaving it in factories. But India s onerous labour laws inhibit industrial employment, and the lack of a safety net leaves farmers clinging to their marginal patches of land. Today India s textilemakers enjoy a renaissance. If only more of its farmers could escape the soil. Source:The Economist Jan Number of characters:2274
8 Reading comprehension test PLEASE WRITE YOUR ANSWERS ON THE ANSWER SHEET. I. On the basis of the text are the statements TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)? (5x1) 5 p 1. No farmer in Vidarhba has heard about the WTO. 2. The suicides have external causes as well. 3. The state is ready to buy cotton at a higher price. 4. There are no longer tariffs on Indian yarn exports. 5. The Doha round will have partial success concerning subsidies. II. Answer the questions briefly on the basis of the text. Full sentences are not required. 1. Why have the trade officials heard about Indian farmers? 2. Why did India turn to the WTO? 3. How did farmers finance seed purchases? 4. How could India protect itself from cheap cotton? 5. Why would a cut in subsidies hit India hard? (5x2) 10 p III. Finish the sentences with one of the given alternatives. Write the chosen letter on the answer sheet. (5x2) 10 p 1. Indebtedness caused farmers to a. kill themselves b. escape from the land c. turn to the WTO. 2. According to Oxfam a. it was worth joining the global trade system b. globalisation made farmers lives more difficult c. farmers should not have been forced into the global system. 3. Prices are kept down by a. aid given to rich countries farmers b. aid given by rich countries to the poor c. the WTO 4. As a result of the WTO negotiations the prices a. will be cut by 5% b. will rise by 5% c. will rise by 13%. 5. Indian farmers had better export textiles a. instead of growing cotton b. because the state encourages industrial employment. c. and trust the safety net. IV. Find words in the text with a similar meaning. (5x1) 5 p 1. is at the forefront of sg. 2. an organisation that helps people who are poor,sick etc. 3. providing reasons for sg. 4. rose quickly 5. sticking firmly to sg.
9 Reading comprehension test 30 p ANSWER SHEET I. On the basis of the text are the statements TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)? Circle the correct letter. (5x1 p) 5p 1. T F 2. T F 3. T F 4. T F 5. T F II. Answer the questions briefly on the basis of the text. Full sentences are not required. (5x2) 10p II I Finish the sentences with the given alternatives. Write the chosen letter on the answer sheet. (5x2) 10p IV. Find words in the text with a similar meaning. (5x1) 5p
10 Reading comprehension test ANSWER KEY I. On the basis of the text are the statements TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)? Circle the correct letter. (5x1) 5p 1. T 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. T II. Answer the questions briefly on the basis of the text. Full sentences are not required. (5x2) 10p 1. because they committed suicide 2. to find protection against foreign competition 3. they borrowed money 4. by imposing a countervailing tariff 5. cotton would be expensive for the textile industry III. Finish the sentences with the given alternatives. Write the chosen letter on the answer sheet. (5x2) 10p 1. A 2. B 3. A 4. B 5. A IV. Find words in the text with a similar meaning. (5x1) 5p 1. heads 2. charity 3. arguing 4. leapt 5. clinging to
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