HYDRAULICS. H91.8D/C - Computerized Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel - 10, 12.5, 15 and 20 m long

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "HYDRAULICS. H91.8D/C - Computerized Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel - 10, 12.5, 15 and 20 m long"

Transcription

1 HYDRAULICS H91.8D/C - Computerized Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel - 10, 12.5, 15 and 20 m long 1. General The series of channels H91.8D has been designed by Didacta Italia to study the hydrodynamic phenomena of the open surface streams in variable inclination channels. The computerized version unit allows, thanks to the electronic transducers and suitable software, to display on personal computer and/or print the tables of results and diagrams of the various experiments. The following different versions are available: Fig. 1 - Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel H91.8D/10/C - Computerized Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel 10 m long - code H91.8D/12/C - Computerized Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel 12.5 m long - code H91.8D/15/C - Computerized Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel 15 m long - code H91.8D/20/C - Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel 20 m long - code The units are transparent for a direct visualization of the hydraulic phenomena; moreover they are self sufficient, since they include a water supply tank. The centrifugal pump draws the water from the collection tank and transfers it to the still tank, where a manually operated vertical gate, which is assembled before the testing section, allows to vary the height of the hydraulic load. A throttle valve makes it possible to regulate the water flow rate. A series of park-away threaded holes along the bottom of the channel (spaced 250 mm apart) allows to fit the optional models and another series of through holes provides a passage useful to measure the pressure values. A trolley carrying the accessories and the instruments necessary for the tests slides along guide rails which are assembled on the sides of the channel. The bottom of the channel can be tilted by up to 3 degrees, so as to simulate the normal inclinations of the real channels; it is also possible to obtain a slight negative slope. The unit is supplied with manuals that describe each component of the system, installation and utilization procedures, and gives many exercises. 2. Composition and description The channel is composed of: Body of tempered glass, section 300x450 h mm, length 10, 12.5, 15, 20 m. Collection tank of stainless steel, capacity 3 m 3. Fill and stilling tank, capacity 0.6 m 3. Support frame of stainless steel. Discharge gate of anodised aluminium, manually adjustable. Electrically controlled system to regulate the slope of the channel. Electrically operated centrifugal pump: max flow rate 150 m 3 /h, max head 9 m H 2 O. Direct reading flow meter with calibrated diaphragm DIDACTA Italia S.r.l. - Strada del Cascinotto, 139/ Torino - Italy Tel Fax

2 Control board including: - main switch, - safety devices, - pump and slope regulation system commands. Electronic transducers kit, complete with feeding unit and signal conditioning electronics and A/D conversion unit. The feeding unit and signal conditioning electronics allow the conversion of the signal supplied to standard signals, suitable for the A/D conversion card. The unit can be connected to an IBM or compatible Personal Computer through USB port. The kit includes the following transducers: - electronic transducer for measuring the flow and the level of the water in the channel, complete with digital indicator and signal transmitter; - electronic transducer for measuring the speed of the water in the channel, complete with digital indicator and signal transmitter. Data acquisition and analysis software for Windows. Fig. 2 - H91.8D/15 - Open Surface Tilting Flow Channel - 15 m long Optionals code Spillway code Balance lift and drag models code Parshall channel code Speed measurer with Pitot Tube code Sharp edged broad-crested weir code Trapezoidal flume code Vertical sluice gate code Circular and rectangular section pile code Creagher profile weir code Sharp crested weir with rectangular section code Sharp crested weir with V Section code Sharp crested weir with free section and pressure tapping code Broad-crested weir code Venturi channel code Siphon spillway code Wave breaking and absorption beach code Water level measuring apparatus code Immersion wave blade generator code Hydrodynamic siphon code Projection flow meter code Different roughness channel beds code Incoherent material (sand) channel bed code Erosion study pile : code Vibratory hopper for transport of solid material code Crump Weir Page 2

3 Fig. 3 a, b, c - Channel arranged in different positions: (a) horizontal, (b) counter-inclination Optionals description: code Spillway: it allows to compare different means of energy dissipation and valuate which of them is most effective. Fig. 4 - Spillway Fig. 5 - Spillway with hydraulic jump

4 Fig. 6 - Spillway with breakwater Fig. 7 - Spillway with apron with energy dissipaters Fig. 8 - Spillway with wooden dam Balance lift and drag models: three models: large and small diameter cylinder, aerofoil section - made of transparent Plexiglas. The module can be assembled into the rails to measure the thrust acting on the profiles varying shape, position and head. Fig. 9 - Balance lift and drag models Page 4

5 code Parshall channel: made of transparent Plexiglas, it allows to measure the water flow rate. Fig Parshall channel in action code Speed measurer with Pitot tube: assembled on a sliding frame and connected to a U manometer, it allows to measure the water speed at different points. Fig Pitot tube speed meter code Sharp edged broad-crested weir: it is made of PVC and designed for accurate flow rate determination. Fig Sharp edged broad-crested weir code Trapezoidal flume: it is made of transparent Plexiglas according to the Washington State College (WSC) model, to simulate more closely the real shape of flumes and allows flowrate determination. Fig WSC flume in action

6 code Vertical sluice gate, it is made of stainless steel, it features variable depth adjustments and makes it possible to study the outflow from under the gate: hydraulic jump and flow rate determination. Fig Vertical sluice gate code Circular and rectangular section pile: the accessory is made of transparent material and can be set in the channel bed by fastening it both in the bottom, where threaded holes are machined, and to the trolleys along the rails. Two piers are supplied; both round and square section piers. The module has been devised for hydraulic jump visualization close to obstacles in the middle of the flow along a channel. Fig Bridge pier with round and square section code Creagher profile weir: it is made of transparent Plexiglas, fitted with six pressure taps and with the suitable set of piezometers, it is used to simulate the presence of a dam in the channel as well as for evaluation of hydrostatic outline and stability. Fig Creagher spillway code Sharp crested weir with rectangular section: it is made of anodized aluminum with thin wall and devised for flowrate determination. Fig Sharp crested weir with rectangular section Page 6

7 code Sharp crested weir with V section: it is made of anodized aluminum with thin wall and devised for flowrate determination. code Sharp crested weir with free section and pressure tapping: it is made of anodized aluminum with thin wall and devised for flowrate determination. Fig Sharp crested V-notched weir Fig Sharp crested weir with pressure tap code Broad-crested weir: it is made of anodized aluminum with thin wall and devised for flowrate determination. Fig Broad-crested weir code Venturi channel: it is made of transparent Plexiglas and allows to measure the water flowrate. Fig Venturi channel code Siphon spillway: it is made of transparent Plexiglas and makes it possible to visualize how a self-priming siphon commonly used in dams keeps the head constant, as well as perform flowrate calculations. Fig Siphon spillway

8 code Wave breaking and absorption beach: it is made of stainless steel, with transparent Plexiglas walls, it is assembled in the channel with a suitable inclination to ensure maximum energy dissipation. The module is made of stainless steel, PVC and Plexiglas; it can be mounted on the channel. It is for visualization of wave breaking and absorption. This phenomenon is enhanced by combined use with wave generator (code ). Fig Wave breaking and absorption beach code Water level measuring apparatus: it allows to measure manually and with good accuracy the free surface level. The accessory is supplied complete with plain needle and double needle. Fig Water level measuring apparatus code Immersion wave blade generator: immersion blade type, it is controlled by a variable speed electric motor. It allows to visualize the wave shape along a channel. Fig Immersion wave blade generator code Hydrodynamic siphon: it is made of transparent Plexiglas and simulates the hydrodynamics of a highway underpass for a free surface stream and it is fitted with two different types of inlet: sharp edge and with union. Fig Hydrodynamic siphon Page 8

9 code Projection flow meter: it is made of transparent Plexiglas, it allows to carry out jump tests, to measure the water flow rate and to determine the submergence limits. Fig Projection flow meter code Different roughness channel beds: it is made of materials with different roughness; they allow to determine the resistance coefficient according to Colebrook-Moody s diagram in different conditions of hydraulic motion. Fig Different roughness channel beds code Incoherent material (sand) channel bed: it allows to visualize the shape taken on by the mobile bottom when the stream motion patterns vary. On the base made of PVC a tray is glued to be filled by the student with different materials such as sand, gravel, stones of different size and so on. Three trays are part of the standard supply. Fig Incoherent material (sand) channel beds code Erosion study pile: it makes it possible to visualize the dynamic phenomena around a multiple bridge pier, with rectangular and circular section. The module is made of PVC and it is to be mounted on the channel bed. The purpose of the module is the visualization of the hydraulic jump which takes place close to a couple of piers (both square and round sections) immersed in a channel flow. They are to simulate the effect of a couple of piers of a bridge whether in normal or exceptional condition as a swollen river. Fig Erosion study pile

10 code Vibratory hopper for transport of solid material: it is made of stainless steel, it allows to supply the channel with solid materials (such as sand) during mobile bottom tests. The module can be mounted on the rails of the channel by means of customized wheels. It is for spreading in uniform way the sand along the channel. It is possible to visualize the effect of low rate on sand transport. Fig Vibratory hopper for transport of solid material code Crump Weir: it is made of PVC and designed for flowrate measurements. Fig Crump weir Further special optional equipment can be supplied on customer s request. 3. Experiments Study of flow in an open channel. Study of flow in a markedly inclined channel. Evaluation of the characteristic parameters of flow in channels, such as height of the fluid as a function of the flow rate and of the inclination. Determination of critical height, critical speed and critical inclination values. Study of the behavior of a low resistance model hydrodynamic model or a high resistance stocky model (with optional code ). Study of the flow and calculation of the water flow rate with Parshall channel (with optional code ). Calculation of the flow rate by using a Pitot tube (with optional code ). Study of the outflow and calculation of water flow rate with a sharp edged broad-crested weir (with optional code ). Study of the flow in a trapezoidal shape channel (with optional code ). Study of the outflow in a markedly inclined channel with cross walls or sluice gates (with optional code ). Visualization and study of the hydrodynamic phenomena concerning the bridge piles (with optional code and code ). Study of spillways (with optional code and code ). Hydrostatic calculation and stability checks of a Creagher profile (with optional code ). Determination of the rate of overflow of a Creagher profile (with optional code ). Study of the outflow and calculation of water flow rate with a sharp crested weir with rectangular section (with optional code ). Study of the outflow and calculation of water flow rate with a sharp crested weir with V section (with optional code ). Study of the outflow and calculation of water flow rate with free section weir (with optional code ). Study of the outflow and calculation of water flow rate with a broad-crested weir (with optional code ). Study of the flow and calculation of water flow rate with a Venturi channel (with optional code ). Study and visualization of the phenomena concerning the siphons (with optional code and code ). Study of wave breaking shore (with optional code ). Page 10

11 Study of the flow and calculation of water flow rate with a projection flow meter (with optional code ). Study of the influence of different degrees of roughness on the hydrodynamic flow (with optional code ). Visualization of the shapes of the mobile bottom depending on different stream motion patterns (with optional code and code ). Study of the outflow and calculation of water flow rate with a Crump weir (with optional code ). 4. Required services Electrical power supply: 380V, three phase and ground, 50/60 Hz, 7kW. Water supply: from mains, to fill the tank. 5. Weight and dimensions H91.8D/10/C Weight: empty 2600kg Dimensions: 15000x1200x2700 h mm H91.8D/12/C Weight: empty 2900kg Dimensions: 17500x1200x2700 h mm H91.8D/15/C Weight: empty 3200kg Dimensions: 20000x1200x2700 h mm H91.8D/20/C Weight: empty 3600kg Dimensions: 25000x1200x2700 h mm

12 Cod. R01056/E 0914 Ed. 01 Rev. 04 In any time and without notice, Didacta Italia can carry out any appropriate modification on the product details, always maintaining their main features, according to the designing and teaching necessity. Page 12

EXAMPLES (OPEN-CHANNEL FLOW) AUTUMN 2015

EXAMPLES (OPEN-CHANNEL FLOW) AUTUMN 2015 EXAMPLES (OPEN-CHANNEL FLOW) AUTUMN 2015 Normal and Critical Depths Q1. If the discharge in a channel of width 5 m is 20 m 3 s 1 and Manning s n is 0.02 m 1/3 s, find: (a) the normal depth and Froude number

More information

Experiment (13): Flow channel

Experiment (13): Flow channel Introduction: An open channel is a duct in which the liquid flows with a free surface exposed to atmospheric pressure. Along the length of the duct, the pressure at the surface is therefore constant and

More information

Flow Like An Egyptian: The Basics of Open channel flow

Flow Like An Egyptian: The Basics of Open channel flow Flow Like An Egyptian: The Basics of Open channel flow Walt Boyes,as ISA Life Fellow, Fellow of InstMC, Chartered Measurement and Control Technologist, Editor of Control and ControlGlobal.com and principal

More information

CHME 302 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABOATORY-I EXPERIMENT 302-1 FLOW MEASUREMENT TEST

CHME 302 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABOATORY-I EXPERIMENT 302-1 FLOW MEASUREMENT TEST CHME 302 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABOATORY-I EXPERIMENT 302-1 FLOW MEASUREMENT TEST OBJECTIVE The purpose of the experiment is to demonstrate the working principles of four most common devices used to measure

More information

...Eq(11.6) The energy loss in the jump is dependent on the two depths y 1 and y 2 3 = E =...Eq(11.7)

...Eq(11.6) The energy loss in the jump is dependent on the two depths y 1 and y 2 3 = E =...Eq(11.7) . Open Channel Flow Contd.5 Hydraulic Jump A hydraulic jump occurs when water in an open channel is flowing supercritical and is slowed by a deepening of the channel or obstruction in the channel. The

More information

Equipment for Engineering Education

Equipment for Engineering Education Equipment for Engineering Education Instruction Manual Venturi Flume G.U.N.T. Gerätebau GmbH Fahrenberg 4 D-885 Barsbüttel Germany Phone: ++49 (40) 670854.0 Fax: ++49 (40) 670854.4 E-mail: sales@gunt.de

More information

Flow Measurement Options for Pipeline and Open Channel Flow

Flow Measurement Options for Pipeline and Open Channel Flow Flow Measurement Options for Pipeline and Open Channel Flow October 2013 Presented by Molly Skorpik - 2013 Montana Association of Dam and Canal Systems Conference Irrigation Training and Research Center

More information

Flow Measurement Calibration and Measurement

Flow Measurement Calibration and Measurement Calibration and Measurement Flow Measurement Flow measurement for agricultural irrigation delivery can be accomplished with four general approaches. These categories are generalized below. I. Standard

More information

(Refer Slide Time: 05:33)

(Refer Slide Time: 05:33) Water and Wastewater Engineering Dr. Ligy Philip Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Sedimentation (Continued) Lecture # 9 Last class we were discussing about sedimentation.

More information

italtec PRINTED CIRCUITS EQUIPMENT PRINTED CIRCUITS EQUIPMENT Insulator machines Echting machines Special equipment and machines

italtec PRINTED CIRCUITS EQUIPMENT PRINTED CIRCUITS EQUIPMENT Insulator machines Echting machines Special equipment and machines PRINTED CIRCUITS EQUIPMENT PRINTED CIRCUITS EQUIPMENT Insulator machines Echting machines Special equipment and machines On customer request it is possible to supply: Benches for PCB Oven for PCB Chemicals

More information

CEE 370 Fall 2015. Laboratory #3 Open Channel Flow

CEE 370 Fall 2015. Laboratory #3 Open Channel Flow CEE 70 Fall 015 Laboratory # Open Channel Flow Objective: The objective of this experiment is to measure the flow of fluid through open channels using a V-notch weir and a hydraulic jump. Introduction:

More information

EXTeRUS. EXTeRUS - With patented design, able to join technology. and quality of materials with a charming shape. Unique

EXTeRUS. EXTeRUS - With patented design, able to join technology. and quality of materials with a charming shape. Unique EXTeR US G L A S S - With patented design, able to join technology and quality of materials with a charming shape. Unique thanks to its outstanding loading capability with 150 kg maximum weight and height

More information

Orifices may be constructed on a pipe, tee riser, baffle, or other structure intended for conveyance.

Orifices may be constructed on a pipe, tee riser, baffle, or other structure intended for conveyance. APPENDIX F CONTROL STRUCTURES FOR DETENTION SYSTEMS This appendix presents the methods and equations for the design of flow control structures. It includes illustrations and equations for the design of

More information

Backwater Rise and Drag Characteristics of Bridge Piers under Subcritical

Backwater Rise and Drag Characteristics of Bridge Piers under Subcritical European Water 36: 7-35, 11. 11 E.W. Publications Backwater Rise and Drag Characteristics of Bridge Piers under Subcritical Flow Conditions C.R. Suribabu *, R.M. Sabarish, R. Narasimhan and A.R. Chandhru

More information

FLUID FLOW Introduction General Description

FLUID FLOW Introduction General Description FLUID FLOW Introduction Fluid flow is an important part of many processes, including transporting materials from one point to another, mixing of materials, and chemical reactions. In this experiment, you

More information

Smart Electromagnetic Flowmeter Open channel Flowmeter Detector

Smart Electromagnetic Flowmeter Open channel Flowmeter Detector Magne3000 PLUS Smart Electromagnetic Flowmeter Open channel Flowmeter Detector Model NNK150/951 OVERVIE The Magne3000 PLUS Electromagnetic Flowmeter is submersible type of flowmeter mainly used for flow

More information

Module 3. Irrigation Engineering Principles. Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur

Module 3. Irrigation Engineering Principles. Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur Module 3 Irrigation Engineering Principles Lesson 9 Regulating Structures for Canal Flows Instructional objectives On completion of this lesson, the student shall be able to learn: 1. The necessity of

More information

Equipment Information

Equipment Information 2070C Equipment Information INDEX: DESCRIPTION AND KEY FEATURES LAYOUT NOMINAL TECHNICAL DATA CONFIGURATION Sealed Air GmbH Customer Systems Center D4 Park 4 CH-6039 Root-Längenbold Telephone: +41 (0)

More information

These slides contain some notes, thoughts about what to study, and some practice problems. The answers to the problems are given in the last slide.

These slides contain some notes, thoughts about what to study, and some practice problems. The answers to the problems are given in the last slide. Fluid Mechanics FE Review Carrie (CJ) McClelland, P.E. cmcclell@mines.edu Fluid Mechanics FE Review These slides contain some notes, thoughts about what to study, and some practice problems. The answers

More information

UBEC 1AT AUTO TANK Fill System

UBEC 1AT AUTO TANK Fill System UBEC 1AT AUTO TANK Fill System 08899155 & 08899156 Installation, Operation, & Setup Instructions PHYSICAL: 1302 WEST BEARDSLEY AVE ELKHART, IN 46514 WWW.ELKHARTBRASS.COM MAILING: P.O. BOX 1127 ELKHART,

More information

Chapter 13 OPEN-CHANNEL FLOW

Chapter 13 OPEN-CHANNEL FLOW Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd Edition Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala McGraw-Hill, 2010 Lecture slides by Mehmet Kanoglu Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required

More information

Broad Crested Weirs. I. Introduction

Broad Crested Weirs. I. Introduction Lecture 9 Broad Crested Weirs I. Introduction The broad-crested weir is an open-channel flow measurement device which combines hydraulic characteristics of both weirs and flumes Sometimes the name ramp

More information

50AI01oe 02/15. Labko GRP cesspools. Instructions for installation, operation and maintenance

50AI01oe 02/15. Labko GRP cesspools. Instructions for installation, operation and maintenance 02/15 Labko GRP cesspools Instructions for installation, operation and maintenance Reliable solutions Wastewater treatment systems Contents 1 LABKO CESSPOOLS... 3 1.1 GENERAL... 3 1.2 IMPORTANT TO KNOW

More information

Equipment Information

Equipment Information 3002A Equipment Information INDEX: DESCRIPTION AND KEY FEATURES LAYOUT NOMINAL TECHNICAL DATA CONFIGURATION Sealed Air GmbH Customer Systems Center D4 Park 4 CH-6039 Root-Längenbold Telephone: +41 (0)

More information

Electrical supply to the pump motor is via a switch and RCD mounted in the recess on the front of the bench.

Electrical supply to the pump motor is via a switch and RCD mounted in the recess on the front of the bench. FLUID MECHANICS LAB EQUIPMENTS 1. HYDRAULIC BENCH The hydraulics bench consists of a moulded plastic sump tank which supports GRP bench top incorporating a flow channel and volumetric measuring tank. A

More information

OUTCOME 1 STATIC FLUID SYSTEMS TUTORIAL 1 - HYDROSTATICS

OUTCOME 1 STATIC FLUID SYSTEMS TUTORIAL 1 - HYDROSTATICS Unit 41: Fluid Mechanics Unit code: T/601/1445 QCF Level: 4 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 1 STATIC FLUID SYSTEMS TUTORIAL 1 - HYDROSTATICS 1. Be able to determine the behavioural characteristics and parameters

More information

www.steelformcatering.com

www.steelformcatering.com www.steelformcatering.com catering cat e r i n g We are specialized in the production and sub furniture of components for mechanical industry, sector for which we even furnish advice and collaborate in

More information

2.0 BASIC CONCEPTS OF OPEN CHANNEL FLOW MEASUREMENT

2.0 BASIC CONCEPTS OF OPEN CHANNEL FLOW MEASUREMENT 2.0 BASIC CONCEPTS OF OPEN CHANNEL FLOW MEASUREMENT Open channel flow is defined as flow in any channel where the liquid flows with a free surface. Open channel flow is not under pressure; gravity is the

More information

OLI. Oil level indicator

OLI. Oil level indicator OLI Oil level indicator Oil level indicator Unexpected or accidental oil leakages may occur randomly along transformer s lifetime. Clear indication of oil level inside transformer tank and on load tap

More information

TRIMMING TECH 150. IVD In vitro diagnostic-medical device. General information. Technical datasheet Trimmingtech150

TRIMMING TECH 150. IVD In vitro diagnostic-medical device. General information. Technical datasheet Trimmingtech150 IVD In vitro diagnostic-medical device CND code: W0202059016 - CIVAB code: TRIMMING TECH 150 General information Type of instrument: Aspirated hood for histology. Model: Trimming Tech 150. Code: Description:

More information

Open Channel Flow Measurement Weirs and Flumes

Open Channel Flow Measurement Weirs and Flumes Open Channel Flow Measurement Weirs and Flumes by Harlan H. Bengtson, PhD, P.E. 1. Introduction Your Course Title Here Measuring the flow rate of water in an open channel typically involves some type of

More information

Module 9: Basics of Pumps and Hydraulics Instructor Guide

Module 9: Basics of Pumps and Hydraulics Instructor Guide Module 9: Basics of Pumps and Hydraulics Instructor Guide Activities for Unit 1 Basic Hydraulics Activity 1.1: Convert 45 psi to feet of head. 45 psis x 1 ft. = 103.8 ft 0.433 psi Activity 1.2: Determine

More information

Section XVII SANITARY SEWER PUMP STATION DESIGN GUIDELINES

Section XVII SANITARY SEWER PUMP STATION DESIGN GUIDELINES Section XVII SANITARY SEWER PUMP STATION DESIGN GUIDELINES A. GENERAL 1. The following sanitary sewer pump station design guidelines are based on Federal, State and local health requirements and the Hilton

More information

1.1 DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT PAG. 2 1.2 LOAD CENTRE FOR LIFTING PAG. 2 1.3 STORAGE CONDITIONS PAG. 2

1.1 DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT PAG. 2 1.2 LOAD CENTRE FOR LIFTING PAG. 2 1.3 STORAGE CONDITIONS PAG. 2 TRANSPORT AND INSTALLATION. DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT PAG.. LOAD CENTRE FOR LIFTING PAG..3 STORAGE CONDITIONS PAG. STARTING. INSTALLATION PAG.. SPACE REQUIREMENTS PAG. 3.3 ELECTRIC CONNECTION PAG. 3 3 DESCRIPTION

More information

Gertrudys B. Adkins, Ph.D. Division of Water Rights 2006

Gertrudys B. Adkins, Ph.D. Division of Water Rights 2006 FLOW MEASUREMENT DEVICES By Gertrudys B. Adkins, Ph.D. Division of Water Rights 2006 TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION...1 FLOW MEASUREMENT DEVICES...1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BASICS...2 OPEN CHANNEL FLOW METHODS...3

More information

Elegant ECM. ELEGANT ECM air conditioners allow. The range is made up of 12 models: Ceiling Air Conditioner

Elegant ECM. ELEGANT ECM air conditioners allow. The range is made up of 12 models: Ceiling Air Conditioner Elegant ECM Ceiling Air Conditioner ELEGANT ECM air conditioners allow to heat and cool very economically small and medium areas, like shops, show rooms, workshops, supermarkets. The range is made up of

More information

Archimedes. F b (Buoyant Force) DEMO. Identical Size Boxes Which has larger F B. Which is heavier. styrofoam (1 cm 3 ) steel ( 1 cm 3 )

Archimedes. F b (Buoyant Force) DEMO. Identical Size Boxes Which has larger F B. Which is heavier. styrofoam (1 cm 3 ) steel ( 1 cm 3 ) Fluids Density 1 F b (Buoyant Force) DEMO Archimedes Identical Size Boxes Which has larger F B Which is heavier styrofoam (1 cm 3 ) steel ( 1 cm 3 ) steel ( 1 cm 3 ) styrofoam (1 cm 3 ) 2 Finding the Weight

More information

VOYAGER 570G. 744A Sprayer Control

VOYAGER 570G. 744A Sprayer Control VOYAGER 570G 744A Sprayer Control U S E R M A N U A L U S E R M A N U A L Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION...1 SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS...1 KIT CONTENTS...3 CONTROL HOUSING ASSEMBLY...5 CHAPTER

More information

Linear modules Lifting units Rotary modules Grip modules Inductive proximity switches Plug connectors

Linear modules Lifting units Rotary modules Grip modules Inductive proximity switches Plug connectors 20000 Linear modules Lifting units Rotary modules Grip modules Inductive proximity switches Plug connectors 23000 22000 21000 20000 09000 08000 07000 06000 05000 04000 03000 02000 01000 823 Notes 824 Technical

More information

ELECTRIC PERISTALTIC MORTAR POINTING PUMP

ELECTRIC PERISTALTIC MORTAR POINTING PUMP ELECTRIC PERISTALTIC MORTAR POINTING PUMP pointing gun & control valve ACF405 PERISTALTIC PuMP hopper feed roller & tube pump for refurbishment & repair trades heritage & conservation bridge & underground

More information

BLADE S-MAX Cabinet for Blade Server

BLADE S-MAX Cabinet for Blade Server Cabinet for Blade Server 1 2 Overview Material specification Corner verticals: 1.5 mm steel End frames: 1.5 mm steel Panel mounts: 2.0 mm steel Panel mount supports: 1.5 mm steel Side panels, door and

More information

T1-40 T1-40BF T1-40V T1-38 T1-38BF T1-38V

T1-40 T1-40BF T1-40V T1-38 T1-38BF T1-38V Transducers T1-40 T1-40BF T1-40V T1-38 T1-38BF T1-38V Velocity transducers B A L A N C I N G M A C H I N E S B A L A N C I N G M A C H I N E S Principle of operation A voltage proportional to the velocity

More information

SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS AFP 0831 to 2046

SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS AFP 0831 to 2046 SUBMERSIBLE UMS AF 0831 to 046 DIN/EN 1050-1 Robust, reliable sewage pumps from 1.3 to kw for pumping wastewater and sewage from buildings and sites in private, commercial, industrial and communal areas.

More information

CHAPTER 3: FORCES AND PRESSURE

CHAPTER 3: FORCES AND PRESSURE CHAPTER 3: FORCES AND PRESSURE 3.1 UNDERSTANDING PRESSURE 1. The pressure acting on a surface is defined as.. force per unit. area on the surface. 2. Pressure, P = F A 3. Unit for pressure is. Nm -2 or

More information

Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics Applied Fluid Mechanics Sixth Edition Robert L. Mott University of Dayton PEARSON Prentkv Pearson Education International CHAPTER 1 THE NATURE OF FLUIDS AND THE STUDY OF FLUID MECHANICS 1.1 The Big Picture

More information

Welded Mesh Gabions and Mattresses River Protection Design Guide HY-TEN GABION SOLUTIONS Dunstall Hill Trading Estate, Gorsebrook Road,

Welded Mesh Gabions and Mattresses River Protection Design Guide HY-TEN GABION SOLUTIONS Dunstall Hill Trading Estate, Gorsebrook Road, Welded Mesh Gabions and Mattresses River Protection Design Guide HY-TEN GABION SOLUTIONS Dunstall Hill Trading Estate, Gorsebrook Road, Wolverhampton, WV6 0PJ Tel 01902 712200 Fax 01902 714096 e-mail sales@hy-tengabions.com

More information

1 DESCRIPTION OF THE APPLIANCE

1 DESCRIPTION OF THE APPLIANCE 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE APPLIANCE 1.1 INTRODUCTION The cast iron SF boilers are a valid solution for the present energetic problems, since they can run with solid fuels: wood and coal. These series of boilers

More information

THE UNIVERSITY OF TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

THE UNIVERSITY OF TRINIDAD & TOBAGO THE UNIVERSITY OF TRINIDAD & TOBAGO FINAL ASSESSMENT/EXAMINATIONS APRIL 2014 Course Code and Title: Programme: Date and Time: Duration: HYDRAULICS FLUD2006 BASc. Civil Engineering Wednesday 16 th April,

More information

RESERVDELSLISTA NORMFINISH DP14

RESERVDELSLISTA NORMFINISH DP14 1-A Glove L with lining 401100 1 pc 1-B Door L complete 400600 1 pc 1-C Main switch O-I 400101 1 pc 1-D START / STOP switch 400301 1 pc 1-E Fan motor 1,5 kw 400200 1 pc 1-F Gauge blast pressure 400400

More information

CHAPTER 9 CHANNELS APPENDIX A. Hydraulic Design Equations for Open Channel Flow

CHAPTER 9 CHANNELS APPENDIX A. Hydraulic Design Equations for Open Channel Flow CHAPTER 9 CHANNELS APPENDIX A Hydraulic Design Equations for Open Channel Flow SEPTEMBER 2009 CHAPTER 9 APPENDIX A Hydraulic Design Equations for Open Channel Flow Introduction The Equations presented

More information

TECNA Partition wall 10 TECNA is universal partition wall. Unique in richness and configuration possibilities, it can be enhanced with natural wood pa

TECNA Partition wall 10 TECNA is universal partition wall. Unique in richness and configuration possibilities, it can be enhanced with natural wood pa tecna TECNA Partition wall 10 TECNA is universal partition wall. Unique in richness and configuration possibilities, it can be enhanced with natural wood panels and accessory components. Intrinsically

More information

Lecture 24 Flumes & Channel Transitions. I. General Characteristics of Flumes. Flumes are often used:

Lecture 24 Flumes & Channel Transitions. I. General Characteristics of Flumes. Flumes are often used: Lecture 24 Flumes & Channel Transitions I. General Characteristics of Flumes Flumes are often used: 1. Along contours of steep slopes where minimal excavation is desired 2. On flat terrain where it is

More information

Open channel & partially filled pipe Ultrasonic flow meters

Open channel & partially filled pipe Ultrasonic flow meters Open channel & partially filled pipe Ultrasonic flow meters SUITABLE FOR PARTIALLY FILLED PIPES AND OPEN CHANNEL FAMOUS PROFESIONAL ULTRASONIC FLOWMETERS MANUFACTURER, ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY, SERIES PARTIALLY

More information

FLOW RATE MEASUREMENTS BY FLUMES

FLOW RATE MEASUREMENTS BY FLUMES Fourteenth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC 14 010, Cairo, Egypt 1 FLOW RATE MEASUREMENTS BY FLUMES W. Dbrowski 1 and U. Polak 1 Department of Environmental Engineering, Cracow University

More information

Art.S001-S002 SOLAR MODULE WITH DELIVERY AND RETURN CONNECTIONS

Art.S001-S002 SOLAR MODULE WITH DELIVERY AND RETURN CONNECTIONS Art.S001-S002 SOLAR MODULE WITH DELIVERY AND RETURN CONNECTIONS Technical Information sheet 0001/07/Rev01 ENG FUNCTION Series S001 and S002 circulation units are applied to the primary circuit of solar

More information

Eurovacuum EV Series. Single Stage Oil Sealed Rotary Vane Pump

Eurovacuum EV Series. Single Stage Oil Sealed Rotary Vane Pump Eurovacuum EV Series Single Stage Oil Sealed Rotary Vane Pump Eurovacuum EV Series Single Stage Oil Sealed Rotary Vane Pumps Eurovacuum Company is offering its various products to meet industrial vacuum

More information

Open Channel Flow. M. Siavashi. School of Mechanical Engineering Iran University of Science and Technology

Open Channel Flow. M. Siavashi. School of Mechanical Engineering Iran University of Science and Technology M. Siavashi School of Mechanical Engineering Iran University of Science and Technology W ebpage: webpages.iust.ac.ir/msiavashi Email: msiavashi@iust.ac.ir Landline: +98 21 77240391 Fall 2013 Introduction

More information

Proceeding of International Seminar on Application of Science Matehmatics 2011 (ISASM2011) PWTC, KL, Nov, 1-3, 2011

Proceeding of International Seminar on Application of Science Matehmatics 2011 (ISASM2011) PWTC, KL, Nov, 1-3, 2011 Proceeding of International Seminar on Application of Science Matehmatics 2011 (ISASM2011) PWTC, KL, Nov, 1-3, 2011 INFLUENCE OF BED ROUGHNESS IN OPEN CHANNEL Zarina Md Ali 1 and Nor Ashikin Saib 2 1 Department

More information

V47 Series Temperature Actuated Modulating Water Valves

V47 Series Temperature Actuated Modulating Water Valves V47 Series Temperature Actuated Modulating Water Valves Master Catalog 125 Valves, Miscellaneous (Other Than Gas) Section V Product Bulletin V47 Issue Date 0286 Application The V47 modulating valves regulate

More information

TRIMMING UNIT/DIAMOND MACHINE TST.13

TRIMMING UNIT/DIAMOND MACHINE TST.13 TRIMMING UNIT/DIAMOND MACHINE TST.13 REFERENCE BOOK rel. 02.15 TRIMMING UNIT/DIAMOND MACHINE TST.13 REL. 02.15 ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1 MACHINE DESCRIPTION TST.13 was designed and built for processing methacrylate.

More information

Lecture 6. Jump as energy dissipation Control of jump.

Lecture 6. Jump as energy dissipation Control of jump. Lecture 6 Jump as energy dissipation Control of jump. Jump as energy dissipation The high energy loss that occurs in a hydraulic jump has led to its adoption as a part of high energy dissipater system

More information

Guth Portable gitators R The long-term solution pplications Guth Portable gitators R are used for the mixing, stirring and the homogenization of water-like or medium viscosity products. They are most often

More information

Configuring the HydroRanger 200 to measure open channel flow. Specific parameter setting to configure the following primary measurement devices:

Configuring the HydroRanger 200 to measure open channel flow. Specific parameter setting to configure the following primary measurement devices: Flow Application Configuration AG040308 Configuring the HydroRanger 200 to measure open channel flow Objective: Specific parameter setting to configure the following primary measurement devices: exponential

More information

Professional Choice. The perfect combination of SuperSteam, Hawk pump and Nicolini motor in one machine

Professional Choice. The perfect combination of SuperSteam, Hawk pump and Nicolini motor in one machine HIGH PRESSURE JETS Hawk Inox E1600C Professional Choice Made by SuperSteam! The Hawk Inox E1600C is a high pressure jet designed for the needs of the professional user. It is built solid to withstand the

More information

Fluid Mechanics Definitions

Fluid Mechanics Definitions Definitions 9-1a1 Fluids Substances in either the liquid or gas phase Cannot support shear Density Mass per unit volume Specific Volume Specific Weight % " = lim g#m ( ' * = +g #V $0& #V ) Specific Gravity

More information

Belt Conveyor System

Belt Conveyor System Belt Driven Conveyors the cost effective solution for transporting unit loads. Systems Handling Services range of powered belt conveyors is designed for applications where improved load control and speed

More information

TELESCOPE Motorized Lighting Suspension

TELESCOPE Motorized Lighting Suspension TELESCOPE Motorized Lighting Suspension Mod. 8400 FEATURES The De Sisti TELESCOPE is a single point suspension specifically designed to provide rigidity and stabilization of all moving parts. It can extend

More information

Power Take-Off Pumps. Powerful PTO pumps to handle liquid manure. GEA Farm Equipment Houle. GEA Farm Technologies

Power Take-Off Pumps. Powerful PTO pumps to handle liquid manure. GEA Farm Equipment Houle. GEA Farm Technologies Power Take-Off Pumps Powerful PTO pumps to handle liquid manure GEA Farm Equipment Houle engineering for a better world GEA Farm Technologies Table of contents PTO Pumps....3 Vertical Pumps Agi-Pompe....

More information

Tsurumi BER. Submersible Ejectors

Tsurumi BER. Submersible Ejectors Tsurumi BER 400V 50Hz Submersible Ejectors This submersible ejector is composed of a B type pump and a venturi with diffusor trumpet. The large flow from the pump, first, at high speed, draws and mixes

More information

CoolTop. A unique water cooled air-conditioning unit for server room cooling from the top AC-TOPx-CW-240/60

CoolTop. A unique water cooled air-conditioning unit for server room cooling from the top AC-TOPx-CW-240/60 CoolTop A unique water cooled air-conditioning unit for server room cooling from the top AC-TOPx-CW-240/60 Application CoolTop is a new, unique air conditioning unit especially designed for datacenters.

More information

ECOCIAT. Domestic hot water heat recovery unit

ECOCIAT. Domestic hot water heat recovery unit Heat recovery unit Domestic hot water High energy efficiency with R410A Compact and quiet Scroll compressors Brazed-plate heat exchangers Heating Heat recovery ENVIRONMENTALLY HFC R410A PROTECTION DE FRIENDLY

More information

Miniature pressure transmitter Model M-10, standard version Model M-11, version with flush diaphragm

Miniature pressure transmitter Model M-10, standard version Model M-11, version with flush diaphragm Electronic pressure measurement Miniature pressure transmitter Model M-10, standard version Model M-11, version with flush diaphragm WIKA data sheet PE 81.25 for further Approvals see page 3 MicroTronic

More information

BLADDER SURGE CONTROL SYSTEM

BLADDER SURGE CONTROL SYSTEM PART I GENERAL 1.01 Description BLADDER SURGE CONTROL SYSTEM This specification describes the requirements for a Bladder Surge Control System. The purpose of the system is to minimize transient pressures

More information

EX C E L L E N C E ISO 9001 CERTIFIED COMPANY SAND TRAP LOUVERS.

EX C E L L E N C E ISO 9001 CERTIFIED COMPANY SAND TRAP LOUVERS. 25 YEARS OF EX C E L L E N C E 13.0 13.0 index INDEX SECTION TOPIC PAGE 13.1 Sand Trap Louver with Bird screen ASTL 3 13.2 Sand Trap Louver with Filter ASTL+F 4 13.3 Sand Trap Louver with Damper ASTL+D

More information

Copa Raked Bar Screen

Copa Raked Bar Screen Copa Raked Bar Screen Mechanically Raked Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Screen Key features & benefits Stainless steel with Tivar screen comb 10mm bar spacing Complete range up to 3000 l/sec per screen

More information

FLOW CONDITIONER DESIGN FOR IMPROVING OPEN CHANNEL FLOW MEASUREMENT ACCURACY FROM A SONTEK ARGONAUT-SW

FLOW CONDITIONER DESIGN FOR IMPROVING OPEN CHANNEL FLOW MEASUREMENT ACCURACY FROM A SONTEK ARGONAUT-SW FLOW CONDITIONER DESIGN FOR IMPROVING OPEN CHANNEL FLOW MEASUREMENT ACCURACY FROM A SONTEK ARGONAUT-SW Daniel J. Howes, P.E. 1 Charles M. Burt, Ph.D., P.E. 2 Brett F. Sanders, Ph.D. 3 ABSTRACT Acoustic

More information

Itho Products for Hot and Boiling water. product-

Itho Products for Hot and Boiling water. product- Itho Products for Hot and Boiling water product- 2 This booklet provides additional information on the range of hot and boiling water appliances by Itho. The data will allow you to determine which product

More information

e OLI Oil level indicator

e OLI Oil level indicator eoli Oil level indicator Oil level indicator eoli Unexpected or accidental oil leakages may occur randomly along transformer s lifetime. Clear indication of oil level inside transformer tank and on load

More information

Conlift1, Conlift2, Conlift2 ph+

Conlift1, Conlift2, Conlift2 ph+ GRUNDFOS DATA BOOKLET Conlift1, Conlift2, Conlift2 ph+ Small lifting stations 50 Hz CONLIFT1, CONLIFT2, CONLIFT2 ph+ Table of contents 1. Product overview 3 Conlift for condensate applications 3 Applications

More information

Using CFD to improve the design of a circulating water channel

Using CFD to improve the design of a circulating water channel 2-7 December 27 Using CFD to improve the design of a circulating water channel M.G. Pullinger and J.E. Sargison School of Engineering University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, 71 AUSTRALIA Abstract Computational

More information

Removable Aluminium posts

Removable Aluminium posts Post Solent Sail Shades Ltd 120 Billington Gardens Hedge End Southampton SO30 2RT Tel/Fax: 01489 788243 www.solentsailshades.co.uk Email: info@solentsailshades.co.uk Removable Aluminium posts Single Pole

More information

Experiment 3 Pipe Friction

Experiment 3 Pipe Friction EML 316L Experiment 3 Pipe Friction Laboratory Manual Mechanical and Materials Engineering Department College of Engineering FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY Nomenclature Symbol Description Unit A cross-sectional

More information

DREXELBROOK. USonic-R Series. Ultrasonic Level Measurement System. User Friendly

DREXELBROOK. USonic-R Series. Ultrasonic Level Measurement System. User Friendly DREXELBROOK A Leader In Level Measurement Solutions USonic-R Series Ultrasonic Level Measurement System User Friendly Set the measurement range directly in inches, feet, millimeters, centimeters, or meters

More information

Product Data Sheets. Belt Conveyor System

Product Data Sheets. Belt Conveyor System Product Data Sheets Belt Conveyor System Belt Conveyor System Belt Driven Conveyors the cost effective solution for transporting unit loads. Texam Limited s range of powered belt conveyors is designed

More information

blocks guide brackets, thrust iron Grade nut, stem coupling Stem (spindle), Gate, frame Structural IS:2032

blocks guide brackets, thrust iron Grade nut, stem coupling Stem (spindle), Gate, frame Structural IS:2032 CHAPTER 26-SUPPLY AND ERECTION OF GATES Notes- 1. The rates include all lead and lift and cost of all materials and labour, for all Items. 2. The gates are classified on the basis of head above sill level

More information

FONTANOT BRINGS OUT A LINE OF STAIRCASES FOR DO-IT-YOURSELF ENTHUSIASTS.

FONTANOT BRINGS OUT A LINE OF STAIRCASES FOR DO-IT-YOURSELF ENTHUSIASTS. STYLE FONTANOT BRINGS OUT A LINE OF STAIRCASES FOR DO-IT-YOURSELF ENTHUSIASTS. 2 3 Magia. A range of products to make it easy for you to choose your ideal staircase. 4 06 Guide to selection. 16 Range of

More information

Rittal s Comprehensive Family Of... NETWORK RACK SOLUTIONS

Rittal s Comprehensive Family Of... NETWORK RACK SOLUTIONS Rittal s Comprehensive Family Of... NETWORK RACK SOLUTIONS STANDARD & ECONOMICAL BasicRack A complete low-cost, high-quality basic equipment management system. Design Six web channel holes per side allow

More information

HEAVY DUTY STORAGE GAS

HEAVY DUTY STORAGE GAS Multi-Fin flue technology Flue damper saves energy Electronic controls HEAVY DUTY STORAGE GAS Dependability The Rheem heavy duty gas range is the work horse of the industry having proved itself over many

More information

VARIABLE VANE PUMPS V3

VARIABLE VANE PUMPS V3 VARIABLE VANE PUMPS V3 (series 30 and 40) Nominal sizes 12; 25; 40; 63 up to p n 100 bar V g 8.5; 19; 32; 47 cm 3 /rev KE 1015 11/02 replaces 07/97 easy commissioning due to automatic bleed facility low

More information

Traditional operation / Shut down + cleanout. Centri-Flow System continuous operation

Traditional operation / Shut down + cleanout. Centri-Flow System continuous operation The US Centrifuge Centri-Flow system is a complete pre-engineered closed-loop re-circulating liquid filtration / fluid clarification system typically applied to glass, ceramic, and metal grinding coolants

More information

Fluid Level Gauge Fluid Level Sensor Temperature Switch FSA / FSK / TS

Fluid Level Gauge Fluid Level Sensor Temperature Switch FSA / FSK / TS Fluid Level Gauge Fluid Level Sensor Temperature Switch FSA / FSK / TS up to size 381; to PN 0.5; to T = 80 C 1. Description 1.1. General FSA fluid level gauges, FSK fluid level sensors and TS temperature

More information

hose-to-hose coupling pump-to-hose coupling

hose-to-hose coupling pump-to-hose coupling pipe_02 A homeowner plans to pump water from a stream in their backyard to water their lawn. A schematic of the pipe system is shown in the figure. 3 m 1 m inlet pipe-to-pump coupling stream re-entrant

More information

Chapter 10. Open- Channel Flow

Chapter 10. Open- Channel Flow Updated: Sept 3 2013 Created by Dr. İsmail HALTAŞ Created: Sept 3 2013 Chapter 10 Open- Channel Flow based on Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics 6th EdiAon By Munson 2009* *some of the Figures and Tables

More information

Exercise (4): Open Channel Flow - Gradually Varied Flow

Exercise (4): Open Channel Flow - Gradually Varied Flow Exercise 4: Open Channel Flow - Gradually Varied Flow 1 A wide channel consists of three long reaches and has two gates located midway of the first and last reaches. The bed slopes for the three reaches

More information

Office / Furniture. Cable Covers & Keyboard Tray 16.2. Table Legs 16.3. Desk Locks 16.4. Casters & File Accessories 16.7. CD/DVD Holders 16.

Office / Furniture. Cable Covers & Keyboard Tray 16.2. Table Legs 16.3. Desk Locks 16.4. Casters & File Accessories 16.7. CD/DVD Holders 16. Cable Covers & Keyboard Tray 16.2 Table egs 16. Desk ocks 16.4 Casters & File Accessories 16.7 CD/DVD Holders 16.8 Furniture Feet 16.9 NOVER PRODUCT CATAOGUE 16.1 OFFICE/FURNITURE CABE COVERS & KEYBOARD

More information

ICH Topic Q4B Annex 5 Disintegration Test General Chapter. Step 3

ICH Topic Q4B Annex 5 Disintegration Test General Chapter. Step 3 European Medicines Agency June 2008 EMEA/CHMP/ICH/308895/2008 ICH Topic Q4B Annex 5 Disintegration Test General Chapter Step 3 ANNEX 5 TO NOTE FOR EVALUATION AND RECOMMENDATION OF PHARMACOPOEIAL TEXTS

More information

Figure 1. Head losses in a pipe

Figure 1. Head losses in a pipe 53:071 Principles of Hydraulics Laboratory Experiment #1 ENERGY AND HYDRAULIC GRADE LINES IN WATER PIPE SYSTEMS Principle The energy of a real fluid decreases as it moves through a pipe. The energy budget

More information

TEMPERATURE MEASURING GALVANIC SEPARATORS CONVERTORS, PRESSURE MEASURING

TEMPERATURE MEASURING GALVANIC SEPARATORS CONVERTORS, PRESSURE MEASURING DELIVERY PROGRAMME TEMPERATURE MEASURING - Resistance temperature sensors into a reservoir, - with a reservoir, with protection tube, with cable - Resistance temperature sensors Ex to zones 2, 1 - - and

More information

Stone Texturing System. With. High Pressure Water Jet Pump

Stone Texturing System. With. High Pressure Water Jet Pump Stone Texturing System With High Pressure Water Jet Pump 2016 Stone Texturing System About Company PressureJet Systems Pvt. Ltd. was established in 1996 in Ahmedabad, India. PressureJet (an ISO 9001:2008

More information

Design Charts for Open-Channel Flow HDS 3 August 1961

Design Charts for Open-Channel Flow HDS 3 August 1961 Design Charts for Open-Channel Flow HDS 3 August 1961 Welcome to HDS 3-Design Charts for Open-Channel Flow Table of Contents Preface DISCLAIMER: During the editing of this manual for conversion to an electronic

More information