1 BANCO DE RESERVAS DE LA REPUBLICA DOMINICANA, BANCO DE SERVICIOS MULTIPLES AND SUBSIDIARIES Consolidated Financial Statements Statutory Basic September 30, 2013
2 BANCO DE RESERVAS DE LA REPUBLICA DOMINICANA, BANCO DE SERVICIOS MULTIPLES AND SUBSIDIARIES Content Interim Consolidated Financial Statement Statutory Basic Consolidated Balance Sheets Consolidated Income Statements Consolidated Statement of Equity Consolidated Cash Flows Statements
3 Consolidated Balance Sheets - Statutory Basis (Amounts in Thousands of RD$) September 30, December 31, ASSETS Available funds (notes 4, 5, 36, 37 and 40) 44,373,937 42,776,266 Available funds (note 6) Available funds 50,000 - Interest receivable ,760 - Investments (notes 4, 7, 16, 31, 36, 37, 38 and 40) Other investments in debt instruments 47,385,626 36,532,651 Interest receivable 1,032, ,457 Allowance for investments (31,295) (32,697) 48,386,483 37,425,411 Loan portfolio (notes 4, 8, 16, 31, 35, 36, 37, 38 and 40) Current 162,321, ,942,515 Restructured 1,403, ,038 Past due 1,697,213 3,285,408 In legal collection 3,280,854 5,035,803 Interest receivable 1,058, ,321 Allowance for loan losses (5,332,316) (5,247,857) 164,428, ,287,228 Customer acceptances (notes 4, 9, 35 and 36) 401, ,574 Accounts receivable Accounts receivable (notes 4, 10, 35, 36, 37 y 39) 11,419,035 6,598,955 Insurance premiums receivable (notes 11 and 35) 1,583,902 1,203,405 Receivables from insurance and guarantees 9,952 10,377 13,012,889 7,812,737 Assets adquired in settlement of loans (notes 12, 16 and 40) Assets received on foreclosure of loans 6,932,990 5,689,126 Allowance for losses on assets received on foreclosure of loans (4,269,553) (3,624,695) 2,663,437 2,064,431 Investments in shares (notes 4, 13, 16, 36, 37 and 40) Investments in shares 350, ,297 Allowance for investments in share (143,614) (151,115) 207, ,182 Property, furniture and equipment (note 14) Property, furniture and equipment 10,232,473 10,053,943 Accumulated depreciation (4,383,595) (4,175,267) 5,848,878 5,878,676 Properties under development intended for sale and for leasing 345, ,312 Other assets (notes 4, 15 and 35) Deferred charges 2,799,056 2,142,162 Intangibles assets 175, ,285 Other assets 464, ,418 Accumulated amortization (114,216) (87,694) 3,325,280 2,474,171 TOTAL ASSETS 283,044, ,462,988 Contingent accounts (note 29) 588,877, ,146,416 Memorandum accounts (note 30) 340,974, ,948,929 These financial statements are to be read in conjunction with their accompanying notes. Enrique A. Ramírez Paniagua Luís R. Espinal L. Lic Ana Bielka Gonzalez T. General Administrator Comptroller Accounting Director
4 September 30, December 31, LIABILITIES AND EQUITY LIABILITIES Customer deposits (notes 4, 17, 36, 37 and 38) Demand 42,452,699 33,772,422 Savings 58,239,354 54,813,544 Time 46,278,866 34,858,660 Interest payable 184, ,155, ,444,626 Deposits from local financial institutions (notes 4, 18, 36 and 37) Local 4,835,508 10,219,270 Interest payable - - Borrowed funds (notes 4, 19, 36 and 37) 4,835,508 10,219,270 From local financial entities 7,982 10,577 From foreign financial entities 18,252,551 15,959,245 Other 19,715 19,715 Interest payable 71,357 97,535 18,351,605 16,087,072 Acceptances outstanding (notes 4, 9, 35 and 36) 401, ,574 Certificates of deposits (notes 20, 36, 37 and 38) Certificates of deposits 71,026,668 67,334,379 Creditors for insurance and bank guarantees 674, ,326 Insurance premium deposits 540, ,753 Other liabilities (notes 4, 21, 28, 36, 38 and 39) 7,077,008 10,037,074 Subordinate debt (notes 4, 22 and 36) Subordinate debt 12,624,597 - Interest payable 148,520-12,773,117 - Technical reserves (note 23) Mathematical and technical life insurance reserves 76,137 80,828 Reserve for unearned insurance premiums 1,854,944 1,602,817 1,931,081 1,683,645 TOTAL LIABILITIES 264,766, ,030,719 Owners of the Parent Company's equity (notes 27 and Paid-in capital 3,500,000 3,500,000 Other equity reserves 8,718,686 8,718,686 Revaluation surplus 773, ,841 Retained earnings 1,611,190 3,672,316 Net income for the period 3,534,826 1,638,864 18,138,542 18,303,707 Minority 138, ,562 EQUITY 18,277,476 18,432,269 TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY 283,044, ,462,988 Contingent accounts (note 29) 588,877, ,146,416 Memorandum accounts (note 30) 340,974, ,948,929
5 Consolidated Income Statements - Statutory Basis (Amounts in Thousands of RD$) Nine (9) - months periods ended September, Financial income (notes 7, 8, 31 and 38) Interest and commissions on loans 14,340,477 12,492,857 Interest from investments 4,006,957 3,384,344 Gain from investments 1,204,973 34,471 Insurance premiums net of returns and cancelations 3,103,940 3,184,770 22,656,347 19,096,442 Financial expenses (notes 17, 18, 19, 20 and 31) Interes on deposits 5,789,966 6,032,608 Interest and commissions on borrowed funds 276, ,474 Loss on investments 137,453 65,345 Reinsurance expense 1,446,122 1,630,974 Insurance claims and contractual obligations 981, ,925 Technical adjusment to insurance reserves (10,286) (5,837) Expenses related to acquisition, conservations and collection of insurance premiums 343, ,664 8,963,694 9,194,153 Gross financial margin 13,692,653 9,902,289 Provision for loan losses (note 16) 1,525, ,550 Provision for investments losses (note 16) 1,050-1,526, ,550 Net financial margin 12,166,603 9,159,739 Foreign exchange gain (loss) (49,879) (94,091) Other operating income (note 32) Credit card fees 460, ,463 Services fees 1,434,149 1,401,118 Foreign exchange commissions 509, ,029 Miscellaneous income 1,476,411 1,018,466 3,880,582 3,173,076 Other operating expenses (notes 33 and 38) Commissions for services 154, ,092 Miscellaneous expenses 360, , , ,230 Gross operating income 15,482,267 11,748,494 Operating expenses ( notes 16, 29, 35, 38, 39 and 40) Salaries and personnel compensation 6,540,255 5,039,356 Professional fees 593, ,980 Depreciation and amortization 445, ,885 Other provisions 389, ,117 Other expenses 3,457,807 3,421,020 11,426,212 9,858,358 Net operating income 4,056,055 1,890,136 (Continued)
6 Consolidated Income Statements - Statutory Basis, Continued (Amounts in Thousands of RD$) Nine (9) - months periods ended September, Other income (expenses) (note 34) Other income 764, ,592 Other expenses (438,662) (547,275) 325,666 44,317 Income before income tax 4,381,721 1,934,453 Income tax (note 24) (822,018) (261,582) Net income for the period 3,559,703 1,672,871 ATTRIBUTABLE TO: Owners of the Controlling equity 3,534,826 1,649,868 Minority 24,877 23,003 3,559,703 1,672,871 These financial statements are to be read in conjunction with their accompanying notes. Enrique A. Ramírez Paniagua Luís R. Espinal L. Lic Ana Bielka Gonzalez T. General Administrator Comptroller Accounting Director
7 Consolidated Statements of Equity - Statutory Basis (Amounts in Thousands of RD$) Other Net Income Paid-in Equity Revaluation Retained for the Total Capital Reserves Surplus Earnings Period Total Minority Equity Balances at January 01, ,500,000 7,941, ,737 2,357,254 1,800,969 16,515, ,501 16,640,596 Transfer to retained earnings ,800,969 (1,800,969) Cash dividends paid to minority (30,300) (30,300) Cash dividends paid to the Dominican Government (184,415) - (184,415) - (184,415) Amortization of Treasury Bond (75,000) - (75,000) - (75,000) Interest on Treasury Bond (6,000) - (6,000) - (6,000) Amortization debt Dominican State (220,492) - (220,492) (220,492) Depreciation revaluation assest (141,896) 141,896 - Transfer to other equity reserves 777,551 (777,551) - Net Income for the period ,274,519 2,274,519 33,361 2,307,880 Balances at Dectember 31, ,500,000 8,718, ,841 3,672,316 1,638,864 18,303, ,562 18,432,269 Balances at Dectember 31, ,500,000 8,718, ,841 3,672,316 1,638,864 18,303, ,562 18,432,269 Transfer to retained earnings ,638,864 (1,638,864) Adjustments Cash dividends paid to the Dominican Government (3,628,033) - (3,628,033) - (3,628,033) Cash dividens paid to minor stockholders (14,505) (14,505) Amortization of Treasury Bond (75,000) - (75,000) - (75,000) Interest on Treasury Bond (5,250) - (5,250) - (5,250) Others 8,293 8,292 8,292 Net Income for the period ,534,826 3,534,826 24,877 3,559,703 Balances at March 31, ,500,000 8,718, ,841 1,611,190 3,534,826 18,138, ,934 18,277,476 These financial statements are to be read in conjunction with their accompanying notes. Enrique A. Ramírez Paniagua General Administrator Luís R. Espinal L. Lic. Ana Bielka Gonzalez T. Comptroller Accounting Director
8 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Statutory Basis (Amounts in Thousands of RD$) Nine (9) - month periods ended September, CASH FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES Interest and commissions collected on loans 15,500,071 12,227,261 Other financial income collected 5,074,477 2,979,941 Other operating income collected 3,727,621 2,992,373 Decrease from insurance and surety bonds 2,723,443 3,235,957 Interest paid on deposits (5,789,966) (5,774,290) Interest and commissions paid on borrowed funds (276,101) (193,560) General and administrative expenses paid (12,957,759) (8,917,356) Other operating expenses paid (890,347) (490,230) Income taxes paid (1,308,216) (724,481) Insurance claims and contractual obligations (981,289) (876,925) Miscellaneous collections from operating activities (6,475,649) (4,997,768) Net cash (used) in operating activities (1,653,715) (539,078) CASH FROM INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES Interbank funds granted 2,683, ,000 Interbank funds collected (2,733,760) (730,000) Decrease in investments (10,310,296) (2,984,531) Loans granted (90,948,248) (72,916,373) Loans collected 73,549,253 66,946,588 Acquisition of property, furniture and equipment (1,165,612) 9,586 Proceeds from sale of property, furniture and equipment - (439,298) Decrease in investments on real estate properties for sale 12, ,680 Proceeds from sale of assets adquired in settlement of loans 541, ,706 Net cash (used) in investment activities (28,371,128) (8,679,642) CASH FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES Deposits received 1,457,597,815 1,131,399,823 Deposits paid (1,435,578,608) (1,128,755,339) Interbank funds received - - Interbank funds paid - - Borrowed funds received 22,521,220 10,526,672 Borrowed funds paid (9,076,080) (12,490,130) Dividends paid and other payments to shareholders (3,714,495) (251,599) Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 31,749, ,427 NET INCREASE IN CASH 1,725,009 (8,789,293) CASH AT THE BEGINNING OF THE PERIOD 42,648,928 51,438,221 CASH AT THE END OF THE PERIOD 44,373,937 42,648,928
9 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Statutory Basis (Amounts in Thousands of RD$) Reconciliation between the net income for the period and the net cash used in operating activities: Nine (9) - month periods ended September, Net income for the period 3,559,703 2,307,880 Adjustments to reconcile net income for the period to net cash used by operating activities: Provisions: Loan portfolio 1,445, ,225 Investments - - Interest receivable 280, ,316 Assets adquired in settlement of loans 170, ,070 Contingent operations - 64,000 Income tax (486,198) Other provisions 1,532,377 Technical reserves increase 1,645,496 Release of provisions: Loan portfolio (237,421) (251,576) Depreciation and amortization 486, ,788 Loss on sale of property, furniture and equipment, net 708,529 (11,179) Loss (gain) on sale of assets received in settlement of loans, net 96,581 (54,277) Currency exchange rate fluctuations, net (374,211) 76,042 Net income in participation (465,120) - Net changes in assets and liabilities: Interest receivable 1,159,594 (293,528) Accounts receivable (4,820,080) 6,024,917 Insurance premiums receivable (380,497) (46,580) Receivables from insurance and bank guarantees Deferred charges (601,690) (1,095,963) Other assets (249,418) 26,125 Interest payable 10,372 73,177 Insurance premium deposits 262, ,596 Creditors of insurance and bank guarantees (78,923) (55,049) Other liabilities (3,921,418) (4,979,817) Technical reserves 247,436 (1,592,135) Total adjustments (5,213,418) 1,957,259 Net cash (used) in operating activities (1,653,715) 4,265,139 These financial statements are to be read in conjunction with their accompanying notes. Enrique Ramirez Paniagua Luis R. Espinal Lic. Ana Bielka Gonzalez T. General Administrator Comptroller Accounting Director
10 1 Entity Banco de Reservas de la República Dominicana, Banco de Servicios Múltiples and subsidiaries (together referred to as the Bank ), is owned by the Government of the Dominican Republic and was established on October 24, 1941 under Law No. 581 as amended by Laws No of December 17, 1962, and 281 of January 1st, 1976 and its modifications. The Bank offers multiple banking services to the Dominican Government and its entities (public sector), to private companies and to the general public (private sector). The main activities of the Bank and its subsidiaries include the granting of loans, investment, deposits, financing, insurances, management of pension funds and health services, sale and development of real estate projects, securities underwriting, among others. The main offices of the General Administration are at Torre Banreservas at Winston Churchill Avenue, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. A detail of the main officers is as follows: Name Simón Lizardo Enrique A. Ramírez Paniagua José Manuel Guzmán Ibarra Aracelis Medina Sánchez Luís R. Espinal Position Minister of Finance -Ex in officiate Chairman General Administrator Sub-Administrator - General Business Sub-Administrator - General Administration Comptroller The Bank is regulated by the Monetary and Financial Law and its regulations as well as by resolutions of the Monetary Board and the Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic. As of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, a detail of the Bank's offices and automatic teller machines (ATMs) is as follows: September 30, December 31, 2012 Location Offices (*) ATM s Offices (*) ATM s Santo Domingo Provinces (*) Correspond to branches, agencies and service centers.
11 2 2 Summary of significant accounting policies 2.1 Accounting basis for presentation of financial statements The Bank prepares its interim consolidated financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards established by the Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic, regulations, resolutions, circulars and other specific provisions issued by the Superintendence of Banks and the Monetary Board of the Dominican Republic, within the framework of the Monetary and Financial Law. These practices differ in form and content from the International Financial Reporting Standards applicable for banks and financial institutions. Therefore, the accompanying consolidated financial statements-statutory basis do not pretend to present the consolidated financial position, consolidated financial performance and consolidated cash flows in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards. The subsidiaries include: insurance, management of pension funds, administrator of health plans and securities underwriting, which have been prepared in accordance with the accounting standards established by the Superintendence of Insurance, the Superintendence of Pensions, the Superintendence of Health and Labor Risks and the Superintendence of Securities, respectively. The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are used as supplementary rules. The accounting standards of the Dominican Republic for financial institutions differ in certain aspects from the IFRS. Therefore, these consolidated financial statements do not intend to present the financial position, results of operations and the cash flows in accordance with IFRS. The interim consolidated financial statements, and the explanatory notes have been prepared in thousands of Dominican Pesos (RD$). Differences with International Financial Reporting Standards The accounting practices established by the Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic differ from IFRS in certain aspects. A summary of the most relevant differences is presented below: (i) Allowance for loan losses are determined through an assessment of inherent risks made by the Bank and the reserve levels that result from the classification assigned to each loan (for commercial loans classified as major debtors) or days past due (for consumer, mortgage loans and minor commercial loans) and some specific approvals issued by the Superintendency of Banks. This evaluation (for major commercial debtors) includes a review of credit files, considering borrowers financial statements, payment history and collateral. In accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards loan portfolios are assessed by separating individual and collective loans. Individual loan analysis is evaluated on a loan-by-loan basis. Loans that are collectively evaluated to determine if impairment exists are assessed, considering the estimates of the contractual cash flows of such groups, the historical loss experience and opinion from management as to whether the current economical and loans
12 3 conditions may change the actual level of the inherent historical losses. A provision is recognized, if objective evidence exist that there has been an impairment loss, which would result in the difference between its carrying amount and the present value of the estimated future cash flows discounted at the original effective interest rate. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) Banking regulations require financial entities to establish allowances for assets received in loan settlements according to the following criteria: movable goods are reserved over a twoyear period, on a straight line basis, starting six months after receipt of the asset, while real estate is reserved over a three-year period, on a straight-line basis, counted as of the first anniversary of its recording in the Bank s books. IFRS require that these assets be reserved only in the event that impairment occurs. Interest receivable past-due for less than 90 days is reserved according to the classification of the corresponding principal. Interest past due for over 90 days is fully reserved, except in the case of credit cards, where interest receivable is reserved after 60 days past due. Subsequent accrued interest is not recognized in the consolidated financial statements. According to IFRS, allowances for interest receivable are determined based on risks specific to the loan; in the event of impairment of interest receivable, the loan amount is adjusted and subsequent accrual of interest is based on the adjusted balance using the effective interest rate. Financial entities translate all transactions in foreign currencies at the official exchange rate as established by the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic at the date of the balance sheet. IFRS require that all balances in foreign currencies be translated at the exchange rate to which the Bank had access at the balance sheet date. The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic requires that reserves recorded on the provision for loans at the moment of executing their collateral, be transferred to the assets received on foreclosure. IFRS only requires reserves when the fair value of the asset is lower than its book value or when impairment exists. The presentation and certain disclosures of the financial statements according to IFRS differ in certain aspects from those required by the Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic. According to banking practices, income derived from credit card renewals, letters of credit and customer acceptances are recorded immediately as income. IFRS require recognition of this income to be deferred over the duration of the respective cards, letters of credit and outstanding acceptances.
13 4 (viii) The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic requires that computer softwares and leasehold improvements, be previously authorized by the Superintendence in order to be recognized as assets. IFRS requires that these items be recognized as intangible assets as long as they generate future economic benefits. (ix) (x) (xi) (xii) The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic requires that short-term highly liquid investments which are easily convertible to cash be classified as investments. IFRS only requires that this type of investments with original maturity up to three months be classified as cash equivalents. The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic requires that financial institutions classify investments in four (4) categories, which are: i) trading, (ii) availablefor-sale investments, (iii) held-to-maturity investments, and (iv) other investments in debt securities. Additionally, allows classifying in one of the three first classifications only those investments that are listed in an active market. IFRS does not require this kind of distinction, and the classification will depend on management intention. Also IFRS does not provide other investments classification. The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic allowed multiple service banks the revaluation of its properties as of December 31, IFRS state that once a classification of assets is revalued such revaluation should be updated when significant and frequent value changes occur for such assets. In accordance with current banking regulations, the Bank is required to classify cash flows resulting from the loans portfolio and customer deposits as investment and financial activities, respectively. IFRS require cash flows from these transactions to be classified as operating activities. (xiii) The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic requires the banks to record an allowance for contingent operations which includes granted guarantees, nonnegotiated letters of credit issued, and lines of credit of automated use based on a classification of risk categories following the REA. The International Financial Reporting Standards require allowances be recorded when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, and it is probable that the entity will have to pay it and a reliable estimate of the obligation can be made. (xiv) The Superintendence allowed the recognition as interest income upfront commission collected on discount of invoices to some important customers. IFRS require that such commission be deferred and recognized as income using the effective interest method.
14 5 (xv) In December 31, 2010, the Superintendence of Banks allowed the recognition of liabilities related to the Pension Fund and the pensions paid directly by the Bank over an eight (8) year-period beginning in IFRS establishes that pension plan obligations must be recognized initially in full through profit and loss and periodicaly updated in subsecuent periods. (xvi) Banking regulations require that investment in stocks be valued at the lower of fair value or cost. If there is not a security market, they are valued at cost less impairment. The quality and creditworthiness of the issuer should be taken into consideration, following the Ruling for Assets Evaluation and Instructive for the Assets Evaluation Process as stated in the banking regulations. In accordance with IFRS it must be determined if there is control or significant influence. If control exists, the consolidated financial statements must be prepared. If it is determined that there is significant influence, investments must be recognized under the equity method. (xvii) In accordance to the current banking regulations, the Bank must quantitatively disclose the risks derived from its financial instruments, such as liquidity and interest rate risks and the credit risk of the loans, among others. IFRS require the following disclosures that allows the users of the financial statements to evaluate: a) the importance of the financial instruments in relation to the financial position and results of the entity and b) the nature and the scope of the risks resulting from the financial instruments to which the entity is exposed during the year and at the report date and how the entity manages these risks. (xviii) The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic authorized the Bank to record the investments in subsidiaries using the equity method in its separate financial statements (Parent) on the results of subsidiaries including, without standardization different accounting practices. The International Financial Reporting Standards require that a parent entity record its investments in subsidiaries under the cost method or following IFRS 9 and IAS 39 in its separate financial statements. (xix) The Superintendence of Banks of The Dominican Republic authorized the Bank to classify factoring operations as account receivables. According to International Financial Reporting Standards these operations must be classified as loans. (xx) The Superintendence of Banks authorized to incorporate in the consolidation, financial statements of subsidiaries with different accounting practices from the Accounting Manual for Financial Institutions without being homogenized to the accounting practice of the Bank. Under IFRS all subsidiaries in a consolidated group should use the same accounting policies.
15 6 Differences between accounting practices for Insurance Companies and International Financial Reporting Standards: i) As established by the Superintendence of Insurance, short-term insurance contracts are recorded as revenue when billed; as a result, unearned premium reserves are computed based on specific percentages according to the line of business and are not based on a pro-rata distribution over the term of the policy. These minimum percentages are established in Article 141 of the Insurance and Surety Bonds Law No , as follows: - 15% Transportation and freight - 5% Collective and individual life, accident and health, provided premiums are collected on a monthly basis - 40% Surety bonds - 40% Other insurances In accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, income from insurance contracts, both general and short-term life insurance, is recorded proportionately over the term of the policy. The amount of the premium paid when the policy is issued, as well as the portion relating to the unexpired risk, should be recorded as deferred income. In the case of long-term life insurance contracts with a guaranteed minimum term, the premium income is recognized when payment is received from the insured party. For long-term insurance contracts without a guaranteed minimum term (e.g. long-term death or survivorship), premiums are recognized as a deferred income, which is increased by the interest or changes in the unit price and decreased for management fees, death benefits and any other deductions. ii) The following items are considered as investments up to the limits permitted by Law No : Mortgage loans. Certificates of deposit in domestic banks. Reserves held by local insurers and reinsurers. Real estate located in the country Shares and bonds of domestic corporations. Liquid financial instruments. Negotiable securities placed through the Dominican stock exchange. Investments in foreign currency. In accordance with Insurance and Surety Bonds Law No governing private insurance operations, an amount equivalent to the sum of the mathematical risk reserves - general and personal insurance and surety bonds, catastrophic, specific and statutory - must be invested in
16 7 any of the aforementioned categories and any amount in excess of the maximum percentage should be classified as other investments. In accordance with IFRS investments are classified into four (4) categories: financial assets at fair value with changes through profit and loss, held-to-maturity financial assets, loans and receivables, and available-for-sale financial assets. According to IFRS investments must be recognized initially at fair value and subsequently to its initial recognition are measured at amortized cost, fair value through profit or loss, or fair value with changes in equity depending on its initial classification. Additionally, IFRS does not provide for Other Investments classification. iii) iv) The Superintendence of Insurance requires that short-term investments, highly liquid investments and investments easily convertible to cash be presented as investments. International Financial Reporting Standards require that such investments be presented as cash equivalents. Revenues and expenses pertaining to prior years are recorded in the year they are identified. International Financial Reporting Standards require that these transactions be recorded retroactively correcting the previously reported financial statements, including presentation of the statement of financial position for the most recent three (3) years. v) The preparation of a statement of changes in shareholders equity disclosing the composition and changes in the accounts that comprise shareholders' equity is not required, nor is the presentation of a statement of comprehensive income disclosing the nature and amount of items corresponding to other comprehensive income. IFRS requires the presentation of a statement of changes in stockholders equity and a statement of comprehensive income as part of the basic financial statements. vi) vii) Premiums receivable that are considered uncollectible by the Company are reversed against revenue. In accordance with IFRS, premiums receivable should be assessed regularly and a provision should be created for amounts deemed uncollectible. This provision is recorded through a charge to operating expenses. Investments in equity instruments are recorded initially at cost using the equity method. Additionally, parent companies are allowed to issue financial statements and consolidation is not required. IFRS requires consolidation for parent companies and the issue of separate financial statements is not allowed except for specific situations. viii) The effects of reinstatement and liquidation of reinsurance contracts are adjusted with the reinsurer on the final liquidation date of the contract. IFRS requires that changes in insurance contracts be estimated and recorded in profit or loss based on such estimations.
17 8 ix) The recognition of specific reserves for claims incurred but not reported at the statement of financial position date is not required. IFRS requires creating a provision (IBNR) for those probable and quantifiable losses and that this be recorded through a charge to operations of the year in which the incident occurred. x) International Financial Reporting Standards requires an entity to separate embedded derivative from the host contract and account it for as a derivative if economic characteristic and risks of the embedded derivative are not closely related to the economic characteristic and risks of the host contract. Accounting practices established by the Superintendence of Insurance of the Dominican Republic do not provide for guidance on accounting of derivatives. xi) xii) There are certain differences in presentation and disclosures between the accounting practices established by the Superintendence of Insurance of the Dominican Republic and financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards. International Financial Reporting Standards requires to perform a Liability adequacy test, which is basically a calculation based on a statistical methodology that determines if provisions recorded by the Bank are adequate to honor possible commitments arising from insurance contracts. Accounting practices of the Superintendence of Insurance do not require this kind of provisions. xiii) The Bank accounts for salvages and recoveries in off-balance sheet accounts. International Financial Reporting Standards establish that at the balance sheet date such assets shall be measured at fair value less any cost of sale and recognized as other assets against a deduction of the cost of the claims that gave rise to the salvages in the period in which the Bank obtained the rights over the salvages and recoveries. xiv) According to accounting practices of the Superintendence of Insurance savings account component of life insurance contracts are not accounted separately in the balance sheet. International Financial Reporting Standards require to separate and recognized as a liability a saving account when it is a component of an insurance contract. xv) Accounting practices of the Superintendence of Insurance do not require to separate revenue for the rendering of a service that is a component of an insurance contract. International Financial Reporting Standards requires to separate from an insurance contract a component of rendering of service for which the Bank does not keep any insurance risk. Such component should be recognized as a liability, and any unearned commission collected on the intermediation of the service shall be deferred. xvi) Accounting practices of the Superintendence of Insurance require the additional costs incurred in the process of acquisition and issuance of insurance contracts is recognized as
18 9 expenses when they occur. According to IFRS these costs must deferred and recognized as expense using the straight line method over the life of the related insurance contract. xvii) Accounting practices of the Superintendence of Insurance, establishes the classification of Property, plant and equipment indistinctively of the use of the assets. IFRS requires that Property, plant and equipment which intended to be used to obtain revenue from rent shall be classified as investment property. The recognition and presentation of investment property differs from the assets that are being used in as Property, plant and equipment. The Bank has not quantified the effects of differences between the applied accounting basis and IFRS on the interim consolidated financial statements. 2.2 Use of estimates The preparation of the interim consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts of assets and liabilities reported and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the amounts reported as current revenues and expenses. Estimates are used mainly in the determination of provisions for assets subject to risk, bonuses and other employee benefits, depreciation, impairment of assets, income tax and contingencies. Actual results may differ from such estimates. 2.3 Consolidation The interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Banco de Reservas de la República Dominicana, Banco de Servicios Múltiples, and subsidiaries owned either directly or indirectly in more than 50%, which are: Peaje Dominicano, S. A. and Tenedora Banreservas, S. A. and subsidiaries, whicht include Seguros Banreservas, S. A. Reservas Asistencia, S. A. S., Reservas Inmobiliaria, S. A. and subsidiaries, Administradora de Fondos de Pensiones Reservas, S. A. and Inversiones & Reservas, S. A. Additionally, Administradora de Riesgo de Salud Reservas, Inc., a non-profit entity whose net assets are included as other liabilities. All these entities are located and incorporated under the laws of the Dominican Republic. The balances and transactions among the consolidated entities are eliminated in consolidation. The accounting policies of the subsidiaries are substantially consistent with the accounting policies adopted by the Bank except for the regulated companies which prepare its financial statements accounting with the accounting practices issued by the Superintendency of Insurance of the Dominican Republic and the Superintendency of Pensions and Health of the Dominican Republic. The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic approved the incorporation of the financial statements of these subsidiaries without homoginizing its accounting practices to the ones followed by the Bank.
19 10 The entities included in the interim consolidated financial statements are Banco de Reservas de la República Dominicana, Banco de Servicios Múltiples, Parent Company, and the following subsidiaries: Country of % of Subsidiaries Operation Ownership Tenedora Banreservas, S. A. and Subsidiaries Dominican Republic Peaje Dominicano Dominican Republic Administradora de Riesgo de Salud Reservas, Inc. Dominican Republic -. Intragroup balances and income and expenses arising from intragroup transactions were eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements. The Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic auhorized the Bank to not eliminate in the consolidation the allowance for investment in subsidiaries. This allowance is used in the consolidation to comply with other provisions required at consolidated level. Banco de Reservas de la República Dominicana, Banco de Servicios Múltiples - Regulated by the Superintendence of Banks of the Dominican Republic The Bank is the most important entity and provides financial intermediation services such as loans, investments, certicate of deposits and financing to the Dominican Government, its autonomous entities and state enterprises (public sector) and to privately owned enterprises and the general public (private sector). Administradora de Riesgo de Salud Reservas, Inc. - Regulated by the Superintendence of Health and Labor Risks of the Dominican Republic It is a Non-For Profit organization dedicated to the management of health insurance plans, established by the National Council of Social Security, in accordance to Law No and its complementary regulations. Peaje Dominicano, S. A. This Company was incorporated under the laws of the Dominican Republic and manages the operations of the toll stations and other related activities, such as collection, installation of updated technology instruments, maintenance of equipment, supervision of service staff in the stations and
20 11 coordination of the security personnel. Furthermore, the Company is also managing a business parking building. Tenedora Banreservas, S. A. and Subsidiaries It is the parent Company of the following subsidiaries: (a) Seguros Banreservas, S. A. and Subsidiaries - Regulated by the Superintendence of Insurance of the Dominican Republic. This company is authorized to operate under the Law of Insurance No (b) Administradora de Fondos de Pensiones Reservas, S. A. - Regulated by the Superintendence of Pensions of the Dominican Republic. The Administradora de Fondos de Pensiones Reservas, S. A. is dedicated to the administration of pension funds of third parties, or plans and pension funds of companies or associations that are entrusted for administration on the basis of specific contracts, according to Law that created the Dominican system of Social Security and the complementary regulations to this law. Currently, AFP Reservas manages Pension Fund T-1 AFP Reservas (Contribution), Pension Fund T-4 AFP Reservas (Distribution) and Pension Funds T-5 AFP Reservas (Social Solidarity), according to Law (c) Reservas Inmobiliarias, S. A. and Subsidiary. Reservas Inmobiliarias, S. A. and Subsidiary, performs real estate transactions, such as buying, selling, leasing, management and development of real state properties. (d) Inversiones & Reservas, S. A. - Regulated by the Superintendence of Securities of the Dominican Republic. Inversiones & Reservas, S. A., was incorporated under the laws of the Dominican Republic. The Company s main purposes consist of buying and selling securities, exchange of securities, underwriting part or the whole, issuance of securities for subsequent trade to the public, promoting and facilitating the issuance of securities in public offerings and to perform all operations authorized by the Superintendence of Securities of the Dominican Republic.
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