A Loaded Gun. to the head of nearly every American over the age of 13. Since their invention in 1973, cell

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "A Loaded Gun. to the head of nearly every American over the age of 13. Since their invention in 1973, cell"

Transcription

1 Richards 1 Evan Richards Mrs. Roy Expository Reading and Writing: Period 4 19 November 2010 A Loaded Gun When Martin Cooper invented the cell phone, he never imagined that it would become as popular as it is today. He also never imagined that he would practically be placing a loaded gun to the head of nearly every American over the age of 13. Since their invention in 1973, cell phones have grown in popularity at an exponential rate. Today over 90% of Americans own at least one cell phone, making them one of the most common technological devices in our society. The use of these mobile phones comes at a price, though. Every time a phone call is made, a cell phone emits electromagnetic radiation similar to, but lower in power than, that in a microwave oven. Holding the phone to the side of the head when making calls allows this radiation to be absorbed into the head and brain. Although it is still unclear what effects this radiation has on the human brain, the possible dangers are enormous. Due to the potential health risks of cell phone radiation, especially for teens and children, the government must rewrite laws regulating the radiation and manufacturers must redesign cell phones to limit and change the radiation. Although recent studies have not found conclusive evidence that cell phone radiation has negative health effects, cell phones have not been around long enough for all health effects to develop, and some may emerge ten to twenty years from now. One of the original studies on cell phone radiation, conducted in 1994, found no mobile phone/brain cancer link in virtually all respects (Nordenberg). While the results of this study are clear, its time frame detracts from its validity. The study was conducted in a time period before cell phones became widely used, limiting the sampling size for data. With such a small sampling size, it is likely that any people

2 Richards 2 who actually had health problems due to cell phones were missed by the study. The more recent Interphone study, conducted in Europe and the United States over the last ten years, observed that overall, cell phone users have no increased risk for two of the most common types of brain tumor glioma and meningioma ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). The study also reported that there actually was a small increase in glioma risk amongst those people who talked on cell phones the most, but researchers dismissed the correlation ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). This second finding should not have been ignored simply because it occurred in a small portion of the population. If this small percentage of users eventually grows to include the majority of cell phone users worldwide, the number of people with increased risk of glioma will multiply greatly. Similar findings of increased risk of acoustic neuroma and tumors on the same side of the head as a cell phone was often used were also reported in those using cell phones for longer periods, especially ten years or more ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). These findings will become more and more common in current times when nearly all cell phone users will become long term users. By the time current teenagers reach their mid-twenties and early-thirties, they will have used cell phones for over ten years and likely will keep using them for years to come. As a result, many will run the risk of developing tumors sometime in their life, even if not right away. Brain cancer can take years or even decades to develop, making possible long term effects of mobile phone use difficult to study (Nordenberg). Not enough time has passed since the invention of cell phones for all health effects, such as cancer, to show themselves in studies. Cancers and other health problems may appear in ten to twenty years without any signs of warning. We cannot assume that cell phones are safe as they are and that they will have no effects on us down the road. The results of recent studies are simply not reliable enough to place our health at stake. We are putting our future generations in danger by allowing current cell phone radiation

3 Richards 3 because teens and children who use the phones are at more risk than adults who use them. What started out as a simple communication tool solely for adults has gradually become more and more common in the hands of teenagers. The problem lies in the increased dangers for these teens. When you put [a cell phone] up against your ear, you re sort of touching your skull and right on the other side of that bone is brain tissue, which is very sensitive, says Dr. Dan Wartenberg, an environmental epidemiologist at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (qtd. in Block). By holding the phone to their skull, people shorten the distance between their brain and any radiation emitted by the phone. As a result, most of the radiation emitted by the phone is absorbed by the brain, center of our nervous system and one of the most important organs in our body. Any radiation absorbed by the brain has potential to harm, and children may be at greater risk because their nervous systems are still developing at the time of exposure ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). While adults skulls block out some of this radiation, the skulls of younger individuals are thinner and less developed, allowing more radiation through and letting it penetrate deeper into the brain (Soller). In fact, it has even been found that children s brains absorb twice as much radiation as adult brains (Ferriss). As children and teens are exposed more and more to cell phones, their brains will be overloaded with the harmful radiation. Today s children will grow up using cell phones and use them for the rest of their lives, amounting to decades of radiation exposure. By allowing this radiation to be emitted by cell phones and thereby harming our children, we are decreasing their chance of survival and thus putting our future generations in danger. Original laws regulating cell phone radiation are no longer strict enough due to increased use of cell phones and their current omnipresence in our society. After the invention of the first cell phone, it took several years before commercial devices were available to the masses. Cell phones initially came into use in the 1980s in Europe, but it was not until the 1990s that they

4 Richards 4 became common in the United States ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). In 1992 the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) acknowledged the presence of cell phone radiation when it began regulating the amount that could be emitted by a cellular device. That year the FCC set the maximum specific absorption rate, or SAR, for cell phones, stating that any phone at or below these SAR levels is a safe phone (Ferriss). While phones below the SAR level may have been safe in 1992, it is likely that they are no longer safe now. Cell phones have changed dramatically since 1992, leading to differences in the radiation emitted by the devices. Cell phone radiation today is different from cell phone radiation twenty years ago, yet the law has remained the same. Not only has the radiation changed, the number of cell phones in use has increased as well. According to recent surveys, as of 2009, there were more than 285 million subscribers to cell phone service in the United States, an increase from 110 million users in 2000 and 208 million users in 2005 ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). This increase in the number of cell phones being used means more radiation exposure for the average American. Years ago, when the number of cell phones in use was still relatively small, each cell phone could emit more radiation because there were not as many around. Nowadays, though, since cell phones are still allowed to emit the same amount of radiation, the total amount of radiation has increased exponentially with the growth in popularity of the devices. Legislators need to change the laws regulating the SAR for cell phones to reflect the current prominence of the phones in our society and the new radiation emitted by newer phones. By limiting the radiation the government can reduce the amount of exposure Americans are receiving and thereby reduce any possible health risks. Companies must redesign their cell phones to limit and change the radiation emitted by them, however expensive the redesign and changeover may be. Dr. Wartenberg has recently considered solutions to the radiation problem, saying, I look at remedies that we might be able

5 Richards 5 to suggest that are relatively easy to do, so that they re palatable and people actually might take the advice as opposed to say something like, we should ban cell phones. That s just not going to happen (qtd. in Block). Cell phones have become such an essential device in our society that it is unreasonable to get rid of them altogether. Instead, we must find some way to redesign cell phones so that they emit less radiation or at least emit it at a less harmful frequency. The antenna is where most of the radiation emitted by a cell phone originates. As cell phones have evolved, the antenna has changed from a telescoping antenna to one that is incorporated into the handset somehow ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). The distance between the antenna and the user has a considerable effect on the amount of radiation absorbed by the body, where the amount of RF energy absorbed by a person decreases significantly with increasing distance between the antenna and the user ( Cell Phones and Cancer Risk ). Manufacturers could design a handset that places the antenna farther away from the body, thereby decreasing the amount of radiation absorbed by the user. Engineers could also simply design the phones to emit less radiation altogether. Since they already must meet the current standards set by the FCC, it will be neither difficult nor expensive to design future products that emit radiation well below the maximum. The constant turnover of cell phones and two year contracts with major service providers will negate any costs incurred in a changeover process to cell phones that emit less radiation. By limiting the radiation, manufacturers will eliminate possible health risks from using cell phones. The prospect of a cell phone acting as a loaded gun at the temple of nearly every American over the age of thirteen is enough to scare even the most fearless cell phone user, yet this scenario is unfolding today as millions of cell phone users in the United States absorb radiation while talking on their cell phones. While no specific conclusions have been reached as to the effects of this radiation, the potential dangers to a user s health are enormous. With the radiation having the worst risks for our future generations, now is the time to be proactive. The

6 Richards 6 government must rewrite outdated laws to regulate the radiation emitted by cell phones and the manufacturers themselves must redesign the devices to limit the radiation, no matter the cost. The health of our future generations and society depends upon it.

7 Richards 7 Works Cited Block, Melissa. Scientist: Cell Phone Use May Increase Cancer Risk. All Things Considered (NPR) 24 Jul Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct Cell Phones and Cancer Risk. National Cancer Institute. 19 May U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Web. 28 Oct Ferriss, Susan. "Mark Leno Bill Would Require Radiation Labels for Cell Phones." Sacramento Bee, The (CA) 19 Feb Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct Nordenberg, Tamar. "Cell Phones & Brain Cancer: No Clear Connection." FDA Consumer 34.6 (2000): 19. Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct Soller, Kurt. Kids, Put Down Your Cell Phones!. Newsweek (2008): 63. Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct

8 Richards 8 Bibliography Block, Melissa. Scientist: Cell Phone Use May Increase Cancer Risk. All Things Considered (NPR) 24 Jul Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct Cell Phones and Cancer Risk. National Cancer Institute. 19 May U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Web. 28 Oct DiMauro, Laurie. Developments in Telecommunications. Electronic America ed. Detroit: Gale, Information Plus Reference Series. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 19 Oct Ferriss, Susan. "Mark Leno Bill Would Require Radiation Labels for Cell Phones." Sacramento Bee, The (CA) 19 Feb Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct Glazer, Sarah. Cell Phone Safety. CQ Researcher (2001): CQ Researcher. Web. 19 Oct Haas, Jane Glenn. Our Health: Breast Cancer Linked to Cell Phones?. Orange County Register, The (Santa Ana, CA) 02 Apr Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct Nordenberg, Tamar. "Cell Phones & Brain Cancer: No Clear Connection." FDA Consumer 34.6 (2000): 19. Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct Soller, Kurt. Kids, Put Down Your Cell Phones!. Newsweek (2008): 63. Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Oct

Risk of Brain Tumors From Wireless Phone Use. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography November/December 2010; Vol. 34, No. 6; pp.

Risk of Brain Tumors From Wireless Phone Use. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography November/December 2010; Vol. 34, No. 6; pp. Risk of Brain Tumors From Wireless Phone Use 1 Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography November/December 2010; Vol. 34, No. 6; pp. 799-807 Rash Bihari Dubey, Madasu Hanmandlu, PhD, and Suresh Kumar Gupta,

More information

Contents. 1. Introduction

Contents. 1. Introduction 1. Introduction Contents 2. How do Cell Phone Towers work? 3. What is the radiation produced by a cell phone? 4. How are people exposed to the energy from cellular phone towers? 5. Do cellular phone towers

More information

Answers to Commonly Asked Questions Children and Wireless Radiation

Answers to Commonly Asked Questions Children and Wireless Radiation Answers to Commonly Asked Questions Children and Wireless Radiation Q: Is wireless technology safe? A: Wi Fi and all radiofrequency radiation has been on the World Health Organization s Class 2B List of

More information

Statement for the Record for the September 25, 2008, hearing entitled, Cell Phone Use and Tumors: What the Science Says

Statement for the Record for the September 25, 2008, hearing entitled, Cell Phone Use and Tumors: What the Science Says Statement for the Record for the Subcommittee on Domestic Policy Committee on Oversight and Government Reform United States House of Representatives Statement for the Record for the September 25, 2008,

More information

Reduce your exposure to cell phone radiation now!

Reduce your exposure to cell phone radiation now! Reduce your exposure to cell phone radiation now! Is Exposure to Cell Phone Radiation Really Dangerous to Your Health? The telecommunications industry has claimed for years that cell phone usage is safe,

More information

Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters

Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters by Daniel Hirsch 1 31 January 2011 Abstract The draft report by the

More information

Cellphones: Safe or Carcinogenic? Scientist 1 Scientist 2 non- ionizing radiation

Cellphones: Safe or Carcinogenic? Scientist 1 Scientist 2 non- ionizing radiation Cellphones: Safe or Carcinogenic? With an estimated five billion worldwide users, the public debate over cellphone and the possible link to cancer is one of critical importance. The concern is that cellphones

More information

A Comparative Study on the Electromagnetic Radiation Output from Cell Phones

A Comparative Study on the Electromagnetic Radiation Output from Cell Phones A Comparative Study on the Electromagnetic Radiation Output from Cell Phones By Jacie Sellers Latta Jr. High School Abstract The purpose of this project was to determine whether radiation levels vary greatly

More information

Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp.

Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp. Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data 1 Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp. 205 215 Vini G. Khurana, PhD, FRACS, Charles Teo, MBBS, FRACS, Michael Kundi,

More information

Cell Phones and Cancer: No Clear Connection

Cell Phones and Cancer: No Clear Connection 1 of 5 9/28/2001 4:39 PM U.S. Food and Drug Administration FDA Consumer magazine November-December 2000 Table of Contents Cell Phones and Cancer: No Clear Connection by Tamar Nordenberg Of the 100 million

More information

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1 SINGAPORE, 16 AUGUST 2001 HEALTH SCIENCES AUTHORITY PRESS RELEASE ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1 THE EMF HEALTH ISSUE 1 Over the past years a large number of scientific

More information

Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information

Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information Introduction The increasing use of mobile phones and other wireless technology has been accompanied by public debate about possible adverse effects on health.

More information

What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion

What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion AMTA relies on the expert judgment of independent public health authorities, such as the World Health Organization, for assessments of safety and

More information

Cell Phone Safety Recommendations

Cell Phone Safety Recommendations DANGER OF USING HANDPHONE - CAUTION!!! Dr. Carlo was hired by the Cellular Telephone Industry Association in 1993 to lead a $28 million, 7-year research program to determine if cell phones were safe. He

More information

EMISSION OF RADIO FREQUENCY RADIATION BY CELLULAR PHONES DEN 399 RESEARCH PROPOSAL MAY 1, 200

EMISSION OF RADIO FREQUENCY RADIATION BY CELLULAR PHONES <STUDENT NAME(S)> DEN 399 RESEARCH PROPOSAL MAY 1, 200 EMISSION OF RADIO FREQUENCY RADIATION BY CELLULAR PHONES DEN 399 RESEARCH PROPOSAL MAY 1, 200 Abstract: This project will involve studying how much radio frequency a human brain is exposed

More information

CELL PHONE RADIATION HAZARDS AND SOLUTIONS. Prof. Girish Kumar IIT Bombay Tel: (022) 2576 7436

CELL PHONE RADIATION HAZARDS AND SOLUTIONS. Prof. Girish Kumar IIT Bombay Tel: (022) 2576 7436 CELL PHONE RADIATION HAZARDS AND SOLUTIONS Prof. Girish Kumar IIT Bombay Tel: (022) 2576 7436 gkumar@ee.iitb.ac.in Outline of Presentation Cell Phone Advantages Microwave Heating Principle Cell Phone Specific

More information

Effects of Mobile Phone Radiation onto Human Head with Variation of Holding Cheek and Tilt Positions

Effects of Mobile Phone Radiation onto Human Head with Variation of Holding Cheek and Tilt Positions Effects of Mobile Phone Radiation onto Human Head with Variation of Holding Cheek and Tilt Positions M. R. Iqbal-Faruque* 1, N. Aisyah-Husni 2, Md. Ikbal-Hossain 1, M. Tariqul-Islam 2 and N. Misran 2 1

More information

Hearing on The Health Effects of Cell Phone Use Monday, September 14, 2009 Dirksen Senate Office Building, Room 138, 2 p.m.

Hearing on The Health Effects of Cell Phone Use Monday, September 14, 2009 Dirksen Senate Office Building, Room 138, 2 p.m. Testimony of Olga V. Naidenko, Ph.D. Senior Scientist Environmental Working Group Before the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Committee on Appropriations

More information

Cell Phone Etiquette: 15 Rules To Follow

Cell Phone Etiquette: 15 Rules To Follow Cell Phone Etiquette: 15 Rules To Follow Cell phones have invaded our classrooms and our bedrooms, our restaurants and our theaters, our offices and our streets. CellPhones.org has put together a helpful

More information

Prudent Avoidance Policy on Siting Telecommunication Towers and Antennas

Prudent Avoidance Policy on Siting Telecommunication Towers and Antennas STAFF REPORT ACTION REQUIRED Prudent Avoidance Policy on Siting Telecommunication Towers and Antennas Date: November 20, 2007 To: From: Wards: Board of Health Medical Officer of Health All Reference Number:

More information

SR Communications Tower Task Force Dr. Jeff Liva, Allen Cohen, Rebecca Rogers

SR Communications Tower Task Force Dr. Jeff Liva, Allen Cohen, Rebecca Rogers SR Communications Tower Task Force Dr. Jeff Liva, Allen Cohen, Rebecca Rogers 1 Table of Contents 2 Chemical hazards. These develop from excessive exposure to concentrations of chemicals in environment.

More information

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz)

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) 1 2 The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) Frequencies of RF devices range from the low frequency AM broadcasts (80 MHz) to higher frequency mobile phones (1900 MHz) smart meters

More information

NONIONIZING RADIATION

NONIONIZING RADIATION Chapter 3 NONIONIZING RADIATION M. Ragheb 5/31/2011 3.1 INTRODUCTION Microwaves and lasers are forms of nonionizing radiation. Mobile or cellular phones which transmit and receive information in the microwave

More information

ISRAELI RESEARCH: CELL PHONE RADIATION MAY CAUSE VISUAL DAMAGE

ISRAELI RESEARCH: CELL PHONE RADIATION MAY CAUSE VISUAL DAMAGE Page 1 of 6 ISRAELI RESEARCH: CELL PHONE RADIATION MAY CAUSE VISUAL DAMAGE Posted Monday, Jul. 25, 2005 on IsraCast.com In a recent scientific study conducted by a team of researchers from the Technion,

More information

Effect of Metallic Materials on SAR

Effect of Metallic Materials on SAR Contemporary Engineering Sciences, Vol. 5, 2012, no. 9, 407-411 Effect of Metallic Materials on SAR Asma Lak Department of Electrical Engineering, Genaveh branch Islamic Azad University, Genaveh, Iran

More information

BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs

BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs November 2014 Malcolm Keen Solicitor, BLM London T 020 7865 3381 E Malcolm.keen@blmlaw.com 1 Introduction Use of mobile phones has of course increased

More information

Effects of Cell Phone Radiation on the Head. BEE 4530 Computer-Aided Engineering: Applications to Biomedical Processes

Effects of Cell Phone Radiation on the Head. BEE 4530 Computer-Aided Engineering: Applications to Biomedical Processes Effects of Cell Phone Radiation on the Head BEE 4530 Computer-Aided Engineering: Applications to Biomedical Processes Group 3 Angela Cai Youjin Cho Mytien Nguyen Praveen Polamraju Table of Contents I.

More information

Mobile. Task 1. Report2: Mobile Phones and Radiation Page 1

Mobile. Task 1. Report2: Mobile Phones and Radiation Page 1 Mobile 2 Phones and Radiation Starting Point You may have seen headlines in newspapers and stories on TV about the health dangers of mobile phones. Some people have said they may cause cancer and infertility.

More information

For more information see: http://www.c4st.org

For more information see: http://www.c4st.org Ten (10) key scientific peer-reviewed publications with evidence supporting Private Members Bill C-648 (41st Parliament) which would require health warning labelling on cell phones. (Press Conference January

More information

Power Maxx POWER MAX EMF & EMR SHIELD. The DANGER of RADIATION from MOBILE PHONE Is REAL

Power Maxx POWER MAX EMF & EMR SHIELD. The DANGER of RADIATION from MOBILE PHONE Is REAL The DANGER of RADIATION from MOBILE PHONE Is REAL Find out what you can do to protect yourself and your family with POWER MAX EMF & EMR SHIELD Power Maxx German Technology Power Code I n s i d e POWER

More information

What are radio signals?

What are radio signals? Mobile phones and other wireless technologies have become an integral part of everyday life. But does using a mobile phone regularly, or living near a base station, have any implications for our health?

More information

Our comment focus mainly on the content of the SCENIHR 2013 report on Health Effects from RF- fields (chapter 3.5 )

Our comment focus mainly on the content of the SCENIHR 2013 report on Health Effects from RF- fields (chapter 3.5 ) European Commission Health & Consumers Directorate C: Public Health Unit C2 Health Information/ Secretariat of the Scientific Committee Office: HTC 03/073 L-2920 Luxembourg SANCO-- C2-- SCENIHR@ec.europa.eu

More information

Comments on the RF fields epidemiology section pages 57-68 in SCENIHR approved at the 4 th plenary of 12 December 2013

Comments on the RF fields epidemiology section pages 57-68 in SCENIHR approved at the 4 th plenary of 12 December 2013 1 European Commission 24 March 2014 Health & Consumers Directorate C: Public Health Unit C2 Health Information/ Secretariat of the Scientific Committee Office: HTC 03/073 L-2920 Luxembourg SANCO- C2- SCENIHR@ec.europa.eu

More information

Hazardous radiation. Thesis shows correlation between deaths from cancer and location of mobile antennas

Hazardous radiation. Thesis shows correlation between deaths from cancer and location of mobile antennas Hazardous radiation Thesis shows correlation between deaths from cancer and location of mobile antennas by Ann Rita Araújo (Belo Horizonte) link on the original: http://www.ufmg.br/boletim/bol1690/4.shtml

More information

Electromagnetic Radiation and Health

Electromagnetic Radiation and Health v Electromagnetic Radiation and Health C4ST Citizens for Safe Technology C4ST On May 31st, 2011, the World Health Organization classified radio frequency electromagnetic fields as a possibly carcinogenic

More information

Lesson 1: Looking at risk. Mobiles: are they worth the risk? Rationale. Equipment. Starter

Lesson 1: Looking at risk. Mobiles: are they worth the risk? Rationale. Equipment. Starter Mobiles: are they worth the risk? This series of lessons combines young people s interest in mobile phones with the opportunity to develop their understanding of the effect that microwaves may have on

More information

GAO. Exposure and Testing Requirements for Mobile Phones Should Be Reassessed TELECOMMUNICATIONS. Report to Congressional Requesters

GAO. Exposure and Testing Requirements for Mobile Phones Should Be Reassessed TELECOMMUNICATIONS. Report to Congressional Requesters GAO United States Government Accountability Office Report to Congressional Requesters July 2012 TELECOMMUNICATIONS Exposure and Testing Requirements for Mobile Phones Should Be Reassessed GAO-12-771 July

More information

Electromagnetic Radiation towards Adult Human Head from Handheld Mobile Phones

Electromagnetic Radiation towards Adult Human Head from Handheld Mobile Phones Electromagnetic Radiation towards Adult Human Head from Handheld Mobile Phones D.A.A. Mat 1, W.T. Kho 2, A. Joseph 3, K. Kipli 4, K. Lias 5, A.S.W. Marzuki 6 and S. Sahrani 7 1 Universiti Malaysia Sarawak,

More information

Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies. Biochemistry Journal. August 1, 2007 405, pp.

Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies. Biochemistry Journal. August 1, 2007 405, pp. Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies 1 Biochemistry Journal August 1, 2007 405, pp. 559 568 Joseph Friedman, Sarah Kraus, Yirmi Hauptman, Yoni Schiff

More information

The International EMF Collaborative s Counter-View of the Interphone Study

The International EMF Collaborative s Counter-View of the Interphone Study The International EMF Collaborative s Counter-View of the Interphone Study 17 May 2010 Results Summary Doubled to quadrupled brain tumor risk reported in the heaviest cellphone users. Average use was 2

More information

RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION, (RFR): (RFR Information - Technology Newsletter, Full Version)

RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION, (RFR): (RFR Information - Technology Newsletter, Full Version) RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION, (RFR): (RFR Information - Technology Newsletter, Full Version) George M. Harris, P.E. (Revised February, 2011) Questions: -What is Radiofrequency Radiation, (RFR)? -With SO MANY

More information

When risk assessment fails public policy

When risk assessment fails public policy When risk assessment fails public policy The case for a precautionary approach for children s use of mobile phones Don Maisch, The Australasian College of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine Children

More information

Worldwide Cell Phone Safety Recommendations and Policies September 2011

Worldwide Cell Phone Safety Recommendations and Policies September 2011 Worldwide Cell Phone Safety Recommendations and Policies September 2011 On May 31, 2011 the World Health Organization/International Agency for Research on Cancer classified the electromagnetic radiation

More information

The BioInitiative Report shows Our Cellphone Safety Standards are off by about a Billion Percent!

The BioInitiative Report shows Our Cellphone Safety Standards are off by about a Billion Percent! The BioInitiative Report shows Our Cellphone Safety Standards are off by about a Billion Percent! By Virginia Brown, BioElectric Shield How do you feel when you are stressed out? We often think of stress

More information

Thermal Effects of Mobile Phones

Thermal Effects of Mobile Phones Thermal Effects of Mobile Phones S. Kassimi 1, A. ELfadl, S. Bri 3, A. Nakheli 4, M. Habibi 5, M. Ben Ahmed 6 Systems and Telecommunications Engineering Decision Laboratory,Ibn Tofail University, Faculty

More information

Cell Phones and Cancer Risk - National Cancer Institute

Cell Phones and Cancer Risk - National Cancer Institute National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health Fact Sheet Reviewed: 06/18/2012 Cell Phones and Cancer Risk Key Points Cell phones emit radiofrequency energy, a form of non-ionizing electromagnetic

More information

EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION FROM MOBILE PHONES AND CASE STUDIES OF COMPUTATIONAL MODELS FOR CALCULATING SAR DISTRIBUTION IN HUMAN BODY Settapong Malisuwan National Broadcasting and Telecommunications

More information

3 Radio Waves and Human Body 8 Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)... 8 SAR value of a mobile handset... 8 Radiation level by a mobile tower...

3 Radio Waves and Human Body 8 Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)... 8 SAR value of a mobile handset... 8 Radiation level by a mobile tower... i Mobile Communication- Radio Waves & Safety Content 1 Overview 3 2 Radio Waves in Cellular Communication System 4 Radio waves... 4 Electric field, Magnetic field... 4 Electromagnetic field (EMF)... 4

More information

Mobile Device Usage: More, more, more or Less, less, less?

Mobile Device Usage: More, more, more or Less, less, less? Mobile Device Usage: More, more, more or Less, less, less? Denise Wilson & Cassandra Hooper University of Washington Seattle In collaboration with Coming Alongside -- Environmental Services National Environmental

More information

Cell Phone Radiation Effects on Cancer. Tyler Barkich Central Catholic High School Grade 11

Cell Phone Radiation Effects on Cancer. Tyler Barkich Central Catholic High School Grade 11 Cell Phone Radiation Effects on Cancer Tyler Barkich Central Catholic High School Grade 11 Cancer Overview Cancer cells are cells that grow and divide at an irregular, unregulated pace. Apoptosis does

More information

Statement of the Chief Medical Health Officer

Statement of the Chief Medical Health Officer Statement of the Chief Medical Health Officer June, 2011 Health Concerns About Cellular Phone Transmission Antennae and Base Stations In 2005, in response to community concerns and after reviewing the

More information

EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications. Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section

EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications. Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section Introduction How can we use Wireless Communication Safely? Wireless communication

More information

Cell phones and children

Cell phones and children Cell phones and children Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients, July 2005 by Rose Marie Williams Cellular phones seek out a receiver by sending strong electromagnetic radiation several miles in all

More information

FDTD Computation of Sar Distributions in Human Head for Mobile Phones V.Purushothaman, N.Vignesh, S.Vijayakumar

FDTD Computation of Sar Distributions in Human Head for Mobile Phones V.Purushothaman, N.Vignesh, S.Vijayakumar FDTD Computation of Sar Distributions in Human Head for Mobile Phones V.Purushothaman, N.Vignesh, S.Vijayakumar Veltech Engineering College, purushothamanece@gmail.com, Vicky.ganapathy@gmail.com,vijayeee333@gmail.com

More information

Cell Phone Radiation and Genomic Damage: In Vitro Exposure and Assessment

Cell Phone Radiation and Genomic Damage: In Vitro Exposure and Assessment Cell Phone Radiation and Genomic Damage: In Vitro Exposure and Assessment Chinar Shah 1, Anu Nair 1, Mehul Naik 2, Sonal Bakshi 3 Institute of Science, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India 1 Electronics

More information

Introductory Concepts

Introductory Concepts Chapter 1 Introductory Concepts 1.1 Introduction Communication is one of the integral parts of science that has always been a focus point for exchanging information among parties at locations physically

More information

PRUEBAS DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD L.O.G.S.E. / L.O.C.E.

PRUEBAS DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD L.O.G.S.E. / L.O.C.E. PRUEBAS DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD L.O.G.S.E. / L.O.C.E. CURSO 2004-2005 CONVOCATORIA MATERIA: INGLÉS CELL PHONES THE NEWEST TEEN ADDICTION A report in The British Medical Journal in November 2000 claims

More information

within body bioelectricity is a biofield. It is due to concentration gradient generated across membrane of the cell.

within body bioelectricity is a biofield. It is due to concentration gradient generated across membrane of the cell. ABSRACT The thesis entitled A study of effects of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on health is based on observing influence of electromagnetic fields around us. Electromagnetic radiation may have an effect

More information

Public Health and Safety in the use of Mobile Communications

Public Health and Safety in the use of Mobile Communications Public Health and Safety in the use of Mobile Communications Contents Introduction...................................... 2 What is EMF?..................................... 3 How do mobile phones work?........................

More information

REVIEW OF EXPOSURE LIMITS AND HEALTH CONCERNS SANTA ANA. Base Station Telecommunication Transmitters UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT

REVIEW OF EXPOSURE LIMITS AND HEALTH CONCERNS SANTA ANA. Base Station Telecommunication Transmitters UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT SANTA ANA UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT REVIEW OF EXPOSURE LIMITS AND HEALTH CONCERNS Base Station Telecommunication Transmitters Dr. Karl Rodenbaugh, Senior Scientist SCOPE OF SERVICES Review, Describe, Discuss,

More information

Q1. The diagram below shows the range of wavelengths and frequencies for all the types of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum.

Q1. The diagram below shows the range of wavelengths and frequencies for all the types of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum. Q. The diagram below shows the range of wavelengths and frequencies for all the types of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum. X-rays, which have frequencies in the range 0 8 0 2 Hz are already marked

More information

Millennium Product Inc. Model: Cell Shield / Zorb

Millennium Product Inc. Model: Cell Shield / Zorb Millennium Product Inc. Cell Shield / Zorb Prepared by PCTEST LAB Issued on: 10/22/2015 Report Version 2.6 NOTE: SAR results only apply to the device tested. Although the device may have had different

More information

Report On. Environment. Lecture delivered by. Mr. Sanjeev Bhatt, Chief Executive officer, NESA Radiation solutions. Organized By

Report On. Environment. Lecture delivered by. Mr. Sanjeev Bhatt, Chief Executive officer, NESA Radiation solutions. Organized By Report On Cell tower radiation and its impact on human beings and Environment Lecture delivered by Mr. Sanjeev Bhatt, Chief Executive officer, NESA Radiation solutions. Organized By DEPARTMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATION

More information

The Aulterra Neutralizer Reduces the Intensity of Cell Phone Radiation

The Aulterra Neutralizer Reduces the Intensity of Cell Phone Radiation Executive Summary The Aulterra Neutralizer Reduces the Intensity of Cell Phone Radiation Cell phone radiation is harmful to the body. Higher doses produce stronger damaging effects. To protect the brain

More information

MOBILE PHONE RADIATION AND HEALTH

MOBILE PHONE RADIATION AND HEALTH MOBILE PHONE RADIATION AND HEALTH Mobile phone radiation and health concerns have been raised, especially following the enormous increase in the use of wireless mobile telephony throughout the world (as

More information

HOW GREEN IS YOUR CORDLESS PHONE? RF RADIATION REVIEW

HOW GREEN IS YOUR CORDLESS PHONE? RF RADIATION REVIEW HOW GREEN IS YOUR CORDLESS PHONE? RF RADIATION REVIEW WHAT DOES GREEN MEAN? The term green is the magic word of today and is being use ubiquitously with many products and processes for the indoor environment.

More information

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumours in Adults

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumours in Adults Brain and Spinal Cord Tumours in Adults WHAT IS BRAIN/CNS TUMORS IN ADULTS? The body is made up of trillions of living cells. Normal body cells grow, divide to make new cells, and die in an orderly way.

More information

What is VoIP and How It Can Benefit Your Business? Introduction

What is VoIP and How It Can Benefit Your Business? Introduction What is VoIP and How It Can Benefit Your Business? Introduction Although individuals are increasingly using text messaging and social media for their communication, telephony remains an essential tool

More information

The Existing Public Exposure Standards Cindy Sage, MA Sage Associates, USA

The Existing Public Exposure Standards Cindy Sage, MA Sage Associates, USA SECTION 3 _ The Existing Public Exposure Standards Cindy Sage, MA Sage Associates, USA Prepared for the BioInitiative Working Group August 2007 The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Exposure Standard

More information

Critical Product Information: VodeOX EMR Protection

Critical Product Information: VodeOX EMR Protection Critical Product Information: VodeOX EMR Protection New Improved EMR Protection for Cellphones, Tablets, ipads, Laptops, and any Electronic Screen/Monitor. Protect yourself from potentially harmful ElectroMagnetic

More information

Biology Explorervision. John Lenzini and Jason Gorecki. The Amazing Cell Phone

Biology Explorervision. John Lenzini and Jason Gorecki. The Amazing Cell Phone Biology Explorervision John Lenzini and Jason Gorecki The Amazing Cell Phone History of the cell phone- The very first concept of the cellular phone started with AT&T car phone around 1970. When Motorola

More information

Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the head of Tablet user's

Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the head of Tablet user's 7th Latin American Workshop On Communications - 2015 Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the head of Tablet user's Juliana Borges Ferreira Post-graduation program in Electrical Engineering Federal University

More information

All populations in the world have daily contact with low levels of RF EMF and are chronically exposed! Unfortunately there are no publications that

All populations in the world have daily contact with low levels of RF EMF and are chronically exposed! Unfortunately there are no publications that Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection and EMF RF standards. New conditions of EMF RF exposure and guarantee of the health to population. Prof. Yu. Grigoriev Russian National Committee

More information

Recent Research on Mobile Phones Effects

Recent Research on Mobile Phones Effects Recent Research on Mobile Phones Effects Dr. Abdullah AlOrainy Inst. of Electronics Research, KACST P. O. Box: 230471, Riyadh 11321, Saudi Arabia E-mail: alorainy@kacst.edu.sa ABSTRACT The use of mobile

More information

Authors: Michael Hamid. (mhamid@jaguar1.usouthal.edu) Jose de Jesus Rodriguez. (jjrodrig@campus.mty.itesm.mx) Nicole TrahanSuggested Courses:

Authors: Michael Hamid. (mhamid@jaguar1.usouthal.edu) Jose de Jesus Rodriguez. (jjrodrig@campus.mty.itesm.mx) Nicole TrahanSuggested Courses: Engineering Ethics Cases with Numerical Problems from an NSF & Bovay Fund sponsored workshop August 14-18, 1995 Texas A&M University Electrical Engineering Case 7 Cellular Phones: Reach Out and Touch Someone?

More information

GAO TELECOMMUNICATIONS. Research and Regulatory Efforts on Mobile Phone Health Issues. Report to Congressional Requesters

GAO TELECOMMUNICATIONS. Research and Regulatory Efforts on Mobile Phone Health Issues. Report to Congressional Requesters GAO United States General Accounting Office Report to Congressional Requesters May 2001 TELECOMMUNICATIONS Research and Regulatory Efforts on Mobile Phone Health Issues GAO-01-545 Contents Letter 1 Scope

More information

Neurofibromatosis Type 2: Information for Patients & Families by Mia MacCollin, M.D., Catherine Bove, R.N. Ed. & M. Priscilla Short, M.D.

Neurofibromatosis Type 2: Information for Patients & Families by Mia MacCollin, M.D., Catherine Bove, R.N. Ed. & M. Priscilla Short, M.D. Neurofibromatosis Type 2: Information for Patients & Families by Mia MacCollin, M.D., Catherine Bove, R.N. Ed. & M. Priscilla Short, M.D. Neurofibromatosis Type 2 is a rare genetic disease, which causes

More information

EMR Electro Magnetic Radiation (a more friendly term is EME.. Electro Magnetic Energy)

EMR Electro Magnetic Radiation (a more friendly term is EME.. Electro Magnetic Energy) Acknowledgements WIA Spectrum Committee Michael Owen.. SK VK3KI.. founder of the modern WIA. Phil Wait VK2ASD [President WIA]. Roger Harrison VK2ZRH [WIA Director]. Peter Young VK3MV [ex Director and ACMA].

More information

Marijuana: It s Legal, Now What? A Dialogue About America's Changing Attitudes, Laws and What This Means for Families

Marijuana: It s Legal, Now What? A Dialogue About America's Changing Attitudes, Laws and What This Means for Families Marijuana: It s Legal, Now What? A Dialogue About America's Changing Attitudes, Laws and What This Means for Families A Marijuana Attitudes Survey Report Summary Released: July 16, 2013 Background: With

More information

Do Cell Phones Cause Cancer? Bernard Leikind. http://www.skeptic.com/eskeptic/10-06-09/

Do Cell Phones Cause Cancer? Bernard Leikind. http://www.skeptic.com/eskeptic/10-06-09/ Do Cell Phones Cause Cancer? Bernard Leikind http://www.skeptic.com/eskeptic/10-06-09/ Executive Summary: Do cell phones, household electrical power wiring or appliances, or high voltage power lines cause

More information

Contents. Getting to Know Your Device...5. Appearance... 5 LED Indicators... 6. Device Installation...7

Contents. Getting to Know Your Device...5. Appearance... 5 LED Indicators... 6. Device Installation...7 U.S. Cellular Home Phone 1 Contents Getting to Know Your Device...5 Appearance... 5 LED Indicators... 6 Device Installation...7 Before You Begin... 7 Installing the Battery... 7 Installing the Power Adapter...

More information

This edition September 2003, published for Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

This edition September 2003, published for Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission Publishing Consultant : Tam Lye Suan, Millennia Comms Cover Design : Rainbow River Design Text Illustrations : YH Cheng Typesetting : Papyrus Communications Sdn. Bhd. Text 2003 Ng Kwan Hoong This edition

More information

Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation

Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this

More information

Q1. The diagram below shows the range of wavelengths and frequencies for all the types of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum.

Q1. The diagram below shows the range of wavelengths and frequencies for all the types of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum. Q. The diagram below shows the range of wavelengths and frequencies for all the types of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum. X rays, which have frequencies in the range 0 8 0 2 Hz are already marked

More information

The BRAG Antenna Ranking of Schools Grades School Children s Exposure to Cell Antennas in U.S. State Capitols & Washington, D.C.

The BRAG Antenna Ranking of Schools Grades School Children s Exposure to Cell Antennas in U.S. State Capitols & Washington, D.C. Media Advisory Contact: Emily Roberson, Media Relations ElectromagneticHealth.org E-mail: Emily@electromagnetichealth.org The BRAG Antenna Ranking of Schools Grades School Children s Exposure to Cell Antennas

More information

Cell Phone Radiation Science Review on Cancer Risks and Children's Health

Cell Phone Radiation Science Review on Cancer Risks and Children's Health Cell Phone Radiation Science Review on Cancer Risks and Children's Health Table of Contents Executive Summary Section 1: Do cell phones cause cancer or other illnesses? Section 2: Cell Phone Safety Standards

More information

MRET-Shield Synopsis of Scientific Research Updated on June 1, 2007

MRET-Shield Synopsis of Scientific Research Updated on June 1, 2007 MRET-Shield Synopsis of Scientific Research Updated on June 1, 27 MRET-Shield material and devices made, when placed in proximity to persons, animals and plants serve to lessen adverse health effects caused

More information

Can Cell Phones Cause Cancer? (Grades 10 11)

Can Cell Phones Cause Cancer? (Grades 10 11) Printed by: Irving Harrison Can Cell Phones Cause Cancer? (Grades 10 11) Photo credit: AP LYON, France (Achieve3000, September 16, 2011). A respected international panel of scientists concluded that cell

More information

I C C R. Gain Attention/Interest: Effects of Violent Video Games: Do They Doom Kids To Mortal Kombat? Goals: Basic Idea:

I C C R. Gain Attention/Interest:  Effects of Violent Video Games: Do They Doom Kids To Mortal Kombat? Goals: Basic Idea: Effects of Violent Video Games: Do They Doom Kids To Mortal Kombat? Sources: Anderson, C. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2001). Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive

More information

Advances in Electromagnetic Fields in Living Systems

Advances in Electromagnetic Fields in Living Systems Advances in Electromagnetic Fields in Living Systems Health Effects of Cell Phone Radiation Volume 5 Advances in Electromagnetic Fields in Living Systems Health Effects of Cell Phone Radiation Volume 5

More information

Measurement of Protection from Cell Phone Radiation by 8ight Protect Disc

Measurement of Protection from Cell Phone Radiation by 8ight Protect Disc Measurement of Protection from Radiation by Protect Disc Research conducted by Lisa Tully, PhD, lisatully@earthlink.net Energy Medicine Research Institute, Boulder, CO May, Abstract A study was conducted

More information

Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Induced in Human Heads of Various Sizes When Using a Mobile Phone

Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Induced in Human Heads of Various Sizes When Using a Mobile Phone , June 30 - July 2, 2010, London, U.K. Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Induced in Human Heads of Various Sizes When Using a Mobile Phone Adel Z. El Dein Alaeddin Amr Abstract - This paper analyzes the specific

More information

Biological Effects and Therapeutic Applications of Electromagnetic Radiations

Biological Effects and Therapeutic Applications of Electromagnetic Radiations Excerpt from the Proceedings of the COMSOL Conference 2009 Bangalore Biological Effects and Therapeutic Applications of Electromagnetic Radiations Maini Surita *1, Singh Amanpreet *2, Marwaha Anupma *3

More information

Cancer Patients Urgently Need Effective, Genetically-Targeted Treatments

Cancer Patients Urgently Need Effective, Genetically-Targeted Treatments Cancer Patients Urgently Need Effective, Genetically-Targeted Treatments The Core Problem One Symptom, Not One Disease The disease we call cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United

More information

EXPOSURE INDICES IN RF EPIDEMIOLOGY

EXPOSURE INDICES IN RF EPIDEMIOLOGY EXPOSURE INDICES IN RF EPIDEMIOLOGY Paolo Vecchia National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy Advances in Biological effects and Dosimetry of Low Energy Electromagnetic Fields Erice, 28 March - 8 April 1981

More information

Advanced Measurements of Microwave Oven Leakage

Advanced Measurements of Microwave Oven Leakage Conference paper Advanced Measurements of Microwave Oven Leakage M. Bangay [1] C. Zombolas [2] 1. Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency 2. EMC Technologies Pty Ltd Abstract Reports

More information

PLOT 21: Cell phone measurement setup.

PLOT 21: Cell phone measurement setup. PLOT 21: Cell phone measurement setup. Red Trace - Bioprotector product not present, maximum hold measurement Black Trace - Both Large Bioprotector and Cell Phone Bioprotector products present. Observation:

More information

Top Ten Things to Know About Stem Cell Treatments

Top Ten Things to Know About Stem Cell Treatments Top Ten Things to Know About Stem Cell Treatments Many clinics that are offering stem cell treatments make claims about what stem cells can and cannot do that are not supported by our understanding of

More information

Enclosure 1 SCENIHR 2015. a biased assessment of EMF health risks the example of head tumours

Enclosure 1 SCENIHR 2015. a biased assessment of EMF health risks the example of head tumours Enclosure 1 SCENIHR 2015 a biased assessment of EMF health risks the example of head tumours Swedish radiation protection foundation Priartem, collectif des électrosensibles de France Mars 9, 2015 INDEX

More information