Steven A. Arndt Division of Engineering Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation

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1 Current and Future Use of IEEE and IEC Consensus Standards in the Regulation of Digital Instrumentation and Control Systems in the Nuclear Power Industry Steven A. Arndt Division of Engineering Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation 1

2 Outline Current state of US digital I&C upgrades, and new plants efforts NRC process and use of standards IEEE standards IEC Standards Standards harmonization MDEP 7 Party Report, IAEA Safety Guides, etc. Summary 2

3 Current Generation Control Room 3

4 New Control Rooms ABWR EPR APWR AP1000 4

5 Background SRP Chapter 7 Move to Retrofitting to Digital New Plants New Digital Platforms More International Vendors Digital I&C Project Plan On-going Work 5

6 Key Challenges Enhancing regulatory transparence and predictability Need to inform new vendors of NRC guidance and standards Anticipating future needs Evolving technology New Reactors, Operating Reactors, Fuel Cycle Facilities 6

7 Digital Does Have Some Advantages 7

8 I&C upgrades, and new plant reviews Analog I&C being replaced by Digital I&C using the Part 50 review process and Chapter 7 New Reactors reviews are being completed using the Part 52 review process and Chapter 7 Current reviews are based on Chapter 7 guidance that references IEEE standards and recent ISGs 8

9 On-Going Reviews Recent and Current Applications Under Review in NRR Oconee Reactor Protection / Engineered Safety Features System Digital Upgrade License Amendment Request LAR Toshiba topical report on their FPGA safety system Wolf Creek Main Steam/Feedwater Isolation System digital upgrade using FPGAs LAR Doosan-HF Controls Corp. Digital Safety Control System topical report AREVA AV-42 Priority Logic Module Topical Report AREVA SIVAT Software Tool ALS FPGA Safety System Mitsubishi MELTAC Digital Platform DSS SPIN LINE Digital Platform Westinghouse Common Q and Invensys Tricon Platform updates New reactor (Part 52) reviews DCDs COLs 9

10 Regulatory Framework IEEE , Standard Criteria for Safety Systems for Nuclear Power Generating Stations IEEE Criteria for Protection Systems for Nuclear Power Generating Stations 10CFR Part 50, Appendix A, General Design Criteria For Nuclear Power Plants 10 CFR Part 50, Domestic Licensing of Production and Utilization Facilities May 13, CFR Part 50, Appendix B, Quality Assurance Criteria For Nuclear Power Plants And Fuel Reprocessing Plants NUREG-0800 Rev. 5 March 2007, Standard Review Plan USNRC Reg Guide 1.118, Periodic Testing of Electrical Power and Protection Systems USNRC Reg Guide 1.152, Criteria for Programmable Digital Computer System Software in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants USNRC Reg Guide 1.153, Criteria for Power, Instrumentation, and Control Portions of Safety Systems USNRC Reg Guide 1.168, Verification, Validation, Reviews, And Audits For Digital Computer Software used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants USNRC RIS , Use of NUMARC/EPRI TR in Determining the Acceptablity of Performing Analog to Digital Replacements Under 10 CFR50.59 USNRC Reg Guide 1.169, Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants USNRC Reg Guide 1.170, Software Test Documentation for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants USNRC Reg Guide 1.171, Software Unit Testing for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants USNRC Reg Guide 1.172, Software Requirements Specifications for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants USNRC Reg Guide 1.173, Developing Software Life Cycle Processes for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants Branch Technical Position HICB-14, Guidance on Software Reviews for Digital Computer Based Instrumentation and Control Systems. IEEE Criteria for the Periodic Surveillance Testing of Nuclear Power Generating Stations Safety Systems IEEE , Standard Criteria for Digital Computers in Safety Systems IEEE , Standard Criteria for Safety Systems for Nuclear Power Generating Stations IEEE Standard for Software Reviews and Audits EPRI TR , Guideline on Licensing Digital Upgrades IEEE , Standard for Software Configuration Management Plans IEEE , Standard for Software Test Documentation IEEE , Standard for Software Unit Testing IEEE , Recommended Practice for Software Requirements Specification IEEE , Standard for Developing Software Lifecycle Processes EPRI TR Guideline on Evaluation and Acceptance of Commercial Grade Digital Equipment for Nuclear Safety Applications ASME NQA , Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear Facilities ASME NQA-2a-1990, Part 2.7, Quality Assurance Requirements of Computer Software for Nuclear Facility Applications IEEE , Standard Criteria for Safety Systems for Nuclear Power Generating Stations IEEE Standard for Software Verification and Validation plans IEEE Standard for Software Verification and Validation 10

11 Vendor LTR Submittal Recent Review Experience Unendorsed Standards were used to qualify the safety system. DO 254 (FAA standard) was used instead of IEEE License amendment mischaracterized FPGA system as being a Non-Digital / Not software based System Incorrect Commercial Grade Dedication guidance used Insufficient D3 Analysis performed Software Tools Requirements not met 11

12 Challenges with Standardization Some Standards are part of the regulations (IEEE 603, 323, etc.) Differences in Standards associated with component requirements Differences in Standards associated with regulatory structure Chapter 7 verse Safety Case Differences in Standards associated with regulatory philosophy Safety/Non-Safety verse classification 12

13 International Electrotechnical Commission One possible way to move to harmonization is to more towards the IEC standards IEC is a leading global organization that prepares and publishes standards for Widely used by some vendors Membership is by National Committees

14 P Members National Committees participating in nuclear segment Observers Argentina Belgium Canada China Czech Republic Egypt Finland France Germany Italy Japan Korea (Rep. of) Netherlands Norway Romania Russian Fed. South Africa Sweden Switzerland U.S.A. Ukraine United Kingdom Belarus Greece Pakistan Portugal Spain

15 IEC Organization for the Nuclear Industry Segment Technical Committee 45 Nuclear Instrumentation SC 45A Reactor Instrumentation SC 45B Radiation Protection Instruments SC 45A is closest in interests to IEEE Nuclear Power Engineering Committee (NPEC) SC 45A maintains a formal liaison with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

16 IEC SC45A consists of seven working groups WG2 WG3 WG5 WG7 WG8 WG9 Sensors and measurement techniques Application of digital processors to safety in nuclear power plants Special process measurement and radiation monitoring Reliability of electrical equipment in reactor safety systems Control rooms Instrumentation systems WG10 Upgrading and modernization of I&C systems in NPP

17 US National Committee to SC45A Steven Arndt, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Clark Artaud, Thermo-Gammametrics Leonard Bond, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory William Catullo, Westinghouse Electric Company Bruce Cook, Westinghouse Electric Company Larry Dunn, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy James Gleason, General Electric H. M. Hashemian, AMS Gary Johnson, Computer Dependability Assoc Ted Quinn, Longnecker and Associates Julie Reed, Westinghouse Electric Company Steve Seaman, Westinghouse Electric Company Clayton Scott, Triconex Corporation Tighe Smith, Delta M Corporation Tyson Washburn, consultant Richard Wood, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

18 SC45A Standards IEC Software aspects of computer-based systems performing category A functions IEC Characteristics and test methods IEC Surveillance testing IEC Hardware design requirements for computer-based systems IEC Requirements for coping with common cause failure (CCF) IEC Management of aging IEC Methods for assessing the performance of safety system instrument channels IEC Resistance temperature detectors IEC Process stream radiation monitoring equipment for normal and incident conditions IEC Radiation monitoring system for accident and post accident conditions IEC Control rooms Design IEC Application of Visual Display Unit (VDU)

19 SC45A Standards IEC Instrumentation important to safety IEC Supplementary control points for reactor shutdown without access to the main control room IEC Acoustic monitoring systems for detection of loose parts: Characteristics, design criteria and operational procedures IEC Classification of instrumentation and control functions IEC Data communication IEC General requirement for systems IEC Guidance for the decision on modernization IEC Requirements for electromagnetic compatibility testing IEC Management of aging of electrical cabling systems IEC Selection and use of complex electronic components for systems performing category A functions IEC Electrical equipment condition monitoring methods IEC Application of Gamma Thermometers (GT) for Local Power Range Monitor (LPRM) calibration

20 IEC Collaboration with IEEE IEC is looking for opportunities to harmonize the area of standardization 2002 agreement between IEC and IEEE to publish dual logo standards. Expanded agreement was signed in July 2008 to allow joint work on revision of existing standards IEC/IEEE dual logo effort on revision of equipment qualification standards IEC and IEEE 323 equipment qualification IEC and IEEE 344 seismic qualification Commercial dedication of digital equipment Requirements for isolation devices

21 Multinational Design Evaluation Program Develops common positions that represent agreed upon best practices, including: Simplicity in Design Software Common Cause Failure Software Tools Software Verification and Validation Complex Electronics Data Communications COTS Software and Digital Components Has recommended to IEEE and IEC to jointly prepare standards 21

22 7 Party Report Other Harmonization Efforts Effort of several European Organization to develop a common set of best practices Currently working with MDEP and IAEA IAEA Safety Guides Efforts to update NS-G 1.1 (software) and 1.3 (I&C) Is working with NRC, other national and international organizations 22

23 Harmonization Example Software Tools Example: References IEEE , section Software Tools IEC 60880, section 14 MDEP common position 2 Qualification Example: Dual logo standard (IEEE and IEC) for harsh environments NRC endorses IEC standards for EMI/RFI 23

24 Summary There is a significant effort in the industry to move to digital technology Technology is moving rapidly and there is significant standards efforts in the U.S. and around the world NRC uses IEEE standards for guidance but can review other substantially similar high quality process NRC is working with the various standards organizations to improve the standards and better understand the areas of commonality 24

25 Questions?

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