2 Phoenix 6721 N Black Canyon Highway Suite C Phoenix, AZ O (602) Bail 24/7 F San Diego 3026 Midway Drive Suite D San Diego, CA O F (499-BAIL)
3 SANCTUARY BAIL BONDS MISSION STATEMENT To be the industry leader by providing fast, respectable and discreet service while guiding our clients through difficult situations. VISION Sanctuary Bail Bonds was created by a partnership of service oriented, successful businessmen, each with a specific skill set, allowing our business to succeed where others have failed. In an industry that is often characterized by aggressive, unscrupulous people, Sanctuary Bail Bonds strives to be the exception to the rule. There is a need for a business that understands how difficult these personal situations can be and we will fill that need. Our primary goal is to grow a profitable national company by providing caring and respectful service in a time of great need and confusion without bullying clients and deceiving indemnitors. We are committed to set ourselves apart in this industry. Not only does Sanctuary Bail Bonds offer TRUE 24/7 service by trained professional agents, we also offer a transportation program for inmates who have the resources to help themselves but don t have someone on the outside to help access those resources. In a difficult financial time we make every effort to work with inmates and their indemnitors to make the bonding process successful. We offer fair and reasonable fees based on industry standards and under certain circumstances can make interest free payment arrangements for our client s fees. Our growth will be achieved by conducting business with honestly and respect along with an aggressive marketing campaign. We will introduce our company by means of print, radio, television and a viral presence on YouTube, Facebook and Twitter. Just as important as the Internet is the personal touch needed to secure long term relationships in our community. We are speaking with defense attorneys to provide them information on how we can provide their clients a superior level of service in this industry.
4 SANCTUARY BAIL BONDS//The Team Tom Cerino Operations In order to have a strong business you must start with a strong leader. Tom is that leader. Over the past 20 years he has been an award winning manager and business owner in the service industry, and has successfully developed multiple businesses from conception through operations. He is proficient in all aspects of business management, including construction, standards of operations, budgeting, profit /loss management, staffing and training. Tom s strong operations experience will give us the opportunity to grow a financially sound, efficient business that can be duplicated in other markets. Randy Feldman Advertisement and Marketing Radio, Television, Print and Viral Marketing has become second nature to Randy. For over 20 years he has been a strong creative and driving force in the service industry. Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida and Nevada are some of the many states that have benefited from Randy s experience. It is this experience that will create and expose Sanctuary Bail Bonds in ways that are original and unique to the bond industry. Ryan Mullinax Systems Our business wouldn t be complete without our financial department which is overseen by Ryan Mullinax. Ryan has been working in the IT industry for over 15 years, with large corporations such as ESPN, JP Morgan,Microsoft, American Express, Honeywell and Paypal. In addition to his corporate IT work, Ryan has years of experience in the Arizona bail bond industry. His knowledge of how other bail offices and their agents function was instrumental in creating the present team and our operational systems. These systems that Ryan helped to create will insure that Sanctuary Bail Bonds becomes leaders in the bond industry. We have expanded our operations to now include San Diego to the Sanctuary Bail Bonds family where Ryan is implementing these systems with a new team of Sanctuary Bail Bonds employees. Wesley Kampen Recovery Agent A key to our success has been constant communication with our clients, their indemnitors and being able to address an issue before it becomes one. Wesley Kampen is our go to guy for this service. Wesley has served our country, been a successful business owner and takes pride in his health, business knowledge and work ethic. Whether the task is to contact a client for information or to protect the indemnitors personal investments by recovering a client who has not followed our conditions of release, Wesley represents Sanctuary Bail Bonds with the utmost professionalism.
5 SANCTUARY BAIL BONDS//SANCTUARY SPECIAL SERVICES TRANSPORTATION Our trained agents will wait at the jail so our clients loved ones do not have to sit out there waiting. Once they are picked up they are taken to our office to complete all of the necessary paperwork for their bond. When completed they will be driven to their home or destination of choice. TRAVEL ACCOMMODATIONS We can assist in finding lodging for out of state clients and family members in any part of the valley. We can help to find hotel accommodations that will match the needs of our clients. PROCESS SERVER We have agents that will deliver your legal documents in a professional, timely and affordable manner. NOTARY We offer mobile and in office Notaries services. RESOURCES Some clients and their families are in need of specific treatment facilities to assist them in recovery. We can provide a list of facilities that may work for each client s specific need. AVAILABILITY We are available to speak with clients and their family members 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our phones are always answered by a trained professional bail bond agent, so they are able to answer any questions. THANK YOU CARDS We will send out personalized thank you cards to all of our client s indemnitors.
6 SANCTUARY BAIL BONDS//Testimonials Your men are so professional, a class act - Helen Cameron (defendant) Scottsdale Arizona Thank you for all you have done for my family and me. I have nothing but love, appreciation, and happiness in my heart for you. Again, thank you. - Mervlyn Romain (defendant) Brooklyn N.Y. Sanctuary Bail Bonds was there when I needed someone to be there at a tough time in my life, they were able to help. Anytime I called they were there to answer any questions and make the experience I was going through as painless as possible. I needed someone to pick me up and take me home. They were professional, courteous, and did exactly what they said they would do - Jason Vance (defendant) Phoenix Arizona This is just a thank you and an acknowledgement I received a call from my client today, you bonded her boyfriend out. I am a straight shooter and I tell you like it is. She commented to me that she was very impressed with your firm in that you were honest and candid with her. I am the same way with clients and I am flattered to be with your firm since you guys have the highest degree of integrity. This is not a sales pitch but just a compliment. You don t owe me anything but in 30 years I have seen some sleazy bails bondmen and you guys are the best - John Blischak Attorney at Law Phoenix Arizona I would like to thank the team at Sanctuary Bail Bonds for their hard work and dedication in assisting my friend. They were very supportive and went out on limb to bond my friend out. I was long distance (east coast) and they were able to expedite her release as soon as possible. I will always consider the team at Sanctuary as extended family because they were able to help us during a trying time when no one else could or was able to. - Najiyyah Mahdi Being out of state, I was very worried about my daughter. JD was very calming and supportive and everyone at Sanctuary worked very hard with me to handle getting her bond posted through s, faxes and phone calls. I appreciate very much how they still stay in touch with me through this process. I can t thank them enough for how great they are. - Lavonne Nelson
11 1. Questions About Bail 2. History of Bail 3. Penal Code Relating to Bail 4. Title 10 CA Code of Regulations 5. Re Instatement / Re Assumption of Liability 6. Rewrite Bonds 7. Premium Rates 8. Renewal Premiums 9. Return of Premium 10. Sample Bail Forms 11. CA Dept of Insurance 12. Fugitive Recovery Laws 13. CA Bail Associations 14. CA Approved Surety Companies 15. The Block Report 16. County Jail List 17. San Diego Felony Bail Schedule 18. Los Angeles Bail Schedule 19. Orange County Bail Schedule 20. San Bernardino Bail Schedule 21. Riverside Bail Schedule Hearings, Nebia Hearings and Federal Bonds TABLE OF CONTENTS
13 HOW DO I GET A BOND? There are four ways in which a person may be released from custody: You can use bondsmen this means that you will pay a fee and need to use some form of collateral. You can post cash for the full amount of the bond with the court or jail. You can use real property (such as a home) with the court. Lastly, the judge can decide to let the defendant go on their own recognizance. HOW DOES SOMEONE QUALIFY FOR A BAIL BOND? Qualifying for a bail is similar to qualifying for a bank loan. Many of the criteria are the same. Often, you need to have a form of collateral. At Sanctuary Bail Bonds, we re able to offer financing for people that don t have hard assets and want to get back quickly to their loved ones. However, since you dealing with a criminal charge, there are several other factors that are linked to your ability to qualify: 1. How much is the bond? If the judge sets the bail high, that increases the amount that needs to be paid for the bond. With any financial qualifying situation, the higher the price, the harder it is to qualify. 2. What are the charges? The more severe the crime, the higher the bail amount will be. Also, there are some charges where judges will be reluctant to issue bail. 3. Who is the guarantor or indemnitor (the person signing on behalf of the individual now in custody)? If the guarantor has good standing in the community, good credit, and hard assets (in case the individual in question should disappear before trial), the individual applying for the bail bond has a greater chance of approval. 4. The character of the person arrested is also brought into question. Do they have a job? What is their prior criminal record? Do they have a family? Are they an American citizen? Do they have a passport (if they do, then it is usually surrendered until the trial is over)? All of those factors are considered when approval of the bond is in question. There are five options for release of a defendant: WHAT ARE MY OPTIONS IF I AM ARRESTED? Surety Bond (a bail bond) Property Bond Cash Bond
14 Release On Own Recognizance (O.R.) Release on Citation (Cite Out) WHAT HAPPENS IF THE CHARGES ARE DROPPED THE NEXT DAY OR TWO AFTER A BOND IS POSTED FOR ME? CAN I GET MY MONEY BACK? Once a court accepts a bond, the money paid to the bail bond agent has been earned and cannot be returned. It is the same whether the charges are dropped the next day or after a full trial. HOW LONG IS THE BAIL BONDS PROCESS? The paperwork takes approximately minutes, depending on the complexity of the transaction. The release time can be one hour or less for local police stations and 6 12 hours in a county jail. Please remember that these times are not guaranteed but general time frames. WHAT FACTORS ARE USED IN DECIDING THE BAIL AMOUNT? The judges who set bail usually have several major factors they use when deciding whether to set bail and then at what rate. None of the factors alone decide the issue. Seriousness of the Charge The more serious the charges against the person, the more likely a high bail amount will be set. For example, someone that is charged with armed robbery will have to post higher bail than someone charged with shoplifting. If the charge is serious enough (such as murder or kidnapping), no bail is set. The accused is remanded (held in jail) until trial. PRIOR CRIMINAL HISTORY If the accused has a prior criminal history, then their chances of having a higher bail set (or even being remanded) increase. Also, the number of prior convictions, their seriousness, and the time at which they were committed play into the judge s decision. For example, someone convicted of shoplifting when they were a teenager twenty years ago won t have as much against them as someone that just got released from jail for armed robbery.
15 Prior criminal history means less and less as the crime gets more serious. If someone is accused of first degree murder, then their criminal history will matter very little in the judge s decision. Once again, for less serious offenses, history plays a larger role. PRIOR BENCH WARRANTS A defendant that has prior bench warrants for their previous convictions has a much greater chance of their bail being set very high or being remanded until trial. Bench warrants are issued when a defendant fails to show up for court. The entire issue of bail is about whether or not the defendant will show up for their court proceedings, thus avoiding having to issue a warrant. It is possible that past warrants may have been issued in error or were issued for invalid reasons. If these can be satisfactorily explained by the defense attorney, the judge may remove the warrants from their consideration. TIES TO THE COMMUNITY A defendant that has strong ties to the community in which they are accused has a more favorable position in regards to bail. For a misdemeanor or less serious crimes, someone with strong ties to the community may even get released on recognizance. For felonies, those with strong ties to the community will often have a lower bail amount set than those without strong ties. There are several factors that are considered to give the defendant strong ties to the community. One is owning a home or property and living with their family in that community (it also helps if the family is in the courtroom for the arraignment). If they have been a long time resident of the community, that is even better. US Citizenship and employment at a steady full time job are also considered strong ties. An effort to hire a private attorney can also show that the defendant has a stake in sticking around to face the charges. Finally, if the defendant voluntarily surrenders to the police (without having to be arrested), it also shows strong willingness to face the charges before them. THE COURT CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCY The Criminal Justice Agency (also known as the CJA or Pre Trial Services) makes recommendations with respect to releasing each defendant that comes through the court. The agency makes its recommendations after interviewing each defendant. Obtaining a good recommendation from the CJA is a plus for the defendant, but the judges are not bound by the CJA s recommendation and there is a lot of debate as to how much influence the CJA has in the judge s decision. THE JUDGE The judge that handles the arraignment of the defendant is different than the judge that will later handle the trial. Since a typical arraignment judge handles arraignments in a day, they aren t particularly interested in getting to the bottom of the case. The arraignment judge isn t there to hear evidence or conduct an investigation. They are there to take care of that part of the criminal justice process, which is to make sure the defendant is properly charged and to determine whether or not bail is set and at what amount.
16 Judges are given a large amount of discretion when setting bail. Their attitudes and experiences when setting bail vary widely. Some judges set bail in most of their cases, others release many of the defendants, while some others have a fairly even split. The less experienced the judge, the more likely they are to play it safe and either remand the defendant (as compared to setting bail) or set bail (as compared to releasing on recognizance). THE PROSECUTOR The prosecutor handling the arraignment is usually an assistant and doesn t have much more than a passing interest in the case. However, the better the prosecutor, the more likely a defendant is remanded or has a high bail set. THE DEFENSE ATTORNEY The arraignment can be among the most important few minutes of the case. Hiring a good defense attorney can be the difference between being remand or having bail set (or having bail set versus getting released on recognizance). Hiring a lawyer to guide the defendant through the arrest and arraignment process can also reduce a lot of the stress on the defendant s family. A private attorney hired in time for the arraignment can explain and monitor the process to reassure the defendant s friends and family that their loved one is getting their due process. The earlier an attorney is involved in the process, the more they can protect their client. If the defendant is not able to hire an attorney, they will be appointed a lawyer that is staffing the arraignment courtroom. The appointed lawyers are not in the position monitor individual cases from arrest to the arraignment. They receive the case last minute after the accused has been fully processed by the police and court staff. The appointed attorneys are often very knowledgeable, but their caseload and the lack of time involved prevents them from speaking with the police and the court staff in order to obtain reliable information about the case. The attorney for the accused will usually provide their client with accurate, reliable information about their situation. That is of course dependent on the time of hiring and the extent the lawyer is able to communicate with their client while in the courtroom. WHAT IS COLLATERAL? Collateral is some property placed within the bondsman's legal control, which may be sold in the event the defendant does not show for the next court proceeding. The bondsman can then sell the property to cover the amount paid to post the bail. Essentially, collateral is a way of insuring the defendant will go back to court and complete his/her obligation to the court. WHAT DO BAIL AGENTS ACCEPT AS COLLATERAL? Each bonding office will have their own standards but, for the most part they will take:
17 Real estate Cars Credit cards Stocks Bonds Jewelry Personal credit Bank accounts Art work Yes. We do offer payment plans for those who qualify. CAN I FINANCE THE BAIL BOND FEE? DO I GET MY MONEY BACK AFTER THE CASE IS OVER? There are a few exceptions to this but you do not get your premium back that you paid to the bonding office. This fee is what allowed the defendant to get out of jail and is fully earned once the defendant is out of custody. For example, if the defendant gets rearrested a week later, you get neither portion nor a refund of any money. If the bondsman fails to live up to his end of the contract, then and only then may you be entitled to a refund of some kind. CAN I LEAVE THE STATE OR COUNTRY WHILE I AM OUT ON BOND? You will have to get permission from the bonding office in writing before attempting to do so. If the court has given you direct instructions not to leave the state or country you must then get permission from the bondsmen and the court before leaving. Otherwise you are subject to arrest! WHAT HAPPENS IF THE DEFENDANT MISSES THEIR COURT DATE? When the defendant misses a court appearance, a bench warrant is issued for the person's arrest. The defendant's name is then entered into a nationwide data base (NCIC) as a fugitive. The defendant s Bail Agency is obligated by law to arrest individual as well. This will cause the indemnator to incur further costs.
18 WHAT HAPPENS IF THE CASE GOES MORE THAN A YEAR? From time to time a criminal case may take more than a year, and in this case a second premium will be owed to keep the defendant on bond. It may be wise to contact the attorney and try to get a bail reduction in the 10 or 11 months of the case in order to save a costly renewal premium. WHAT HAPPENS IF THE DEFENDANT GETS REARRESTED WHILE OUT ON BOND? There are remedies that can be done here as well. Contact the bondsman as soon as possible so that they can discuss your options in full detail with you. WHAT HAPPENS IF I THINK THE DEFENDANT IS NOT GOING TO SHOW UP FOR COURT AFTER I HAVE ALREADY POSTED THE BOND? There are remedies that can be done here as well. Contact the bondsman as soon as possible so that they can discuss your options in full detail with you. ARE SOME BONDSMEN LESS EXPENSIVE THAN OTHERS? Bondsmen are licensed by the state in which they practice. State guidelines provide a set rate. Some bondsmen are licensed to write at 8%, meaning that the cost to you the customer will be less but there are certain provisions for this rate. CAN THE BAIL BOND AGENT DISCOUNT THE FEES ON THE PREMIUM?
19 The surety files a rate with the department of insurance, which must be changed. Bail is 10% of the bond amount plus an incidental administration fee of $ Discount fees can lead to the suspension or revocation of any agent's bail license by the department of insurance. Always ask to see a rate chart if you feel that you are being wrongly charged. WHAT INFORMATION SHOULD I HAVE BEFORE I CONTACT THE BAIL AGENT? Where is the person in custody? Make sure that you ask the person in custody where they are located (city, state and name of jail). What is the full name and booking number of the person in jail? The bail agent will need this information in order to contact the jail. The bail agent can get the booking number for you if you don't have that information. How much is the bail? The bail agent will get this information when they contact the jail if you do not have it. With the bail amount the agent can tell you the amount it will cost to post a bond and get the person out of jail. AT WHAT POINT IS THE CO SIGNER NO LONGER LIABLE FOR THE BOND? The co signer is no longer liable for the defendant's bond when he/she completes all of their court appearances and all premiums have been paid. It is best to contact the agent when the bond is exonerated by the court. This allows the fast return of any collateral pledged and also confirms that the bond is exonerated. In the event of forfeiture, the indemnitor is liable until the full amount of the bail has been paid, plus any expenses incurred or until the court exonerates the bond, which then becomes void. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN ARRAIGNMENT AND A TRIAL? Although there are many common aspects to an arraignment and a trial (held in a courtroom; judge, prosecutor, and defense attorney are present), they are very different events in the criminal justice process. No witnesses appear at an arraignment and no evidence is presented. Both are done later during the trial. The accused person s guilt or innocence is determined only during the trial, not the arraignment. WHAT HAPPENS AT AN ARRAIGNMENT?
20 Arraignments follow a step by step process that goes like this: 1. Calling of the Case The court officer that organizes the cases into the judge s calendar will announce the case, usually by calling out the case/docket number and then the defendant s name The People versus John Doe. 2. The court officer then brings the accused out from the court holding area and place them in front of the judge s bench. The defense attorney stands next to the accused and the prosecuting attorney stands on the other side of the accused. Everyone involved faces the judge for the proceeding. 3. In recent years, some arraignments are conducted using closed circuit TV. The accused stands in front of a camera at the jail while the judge, defense attorney, prosecutor, and anyone else involved is in the courtroom with the accused appearing on the TV monitor. 4. The next formal step is for the accused to be read the formal (detailed) charges against them. To save time, the judge will ask the defense attorney if they will waive the reading of the detailed charges. A defense attorney following good courtroom etiquette will agree and explain the charges to their client if private. After taking a moment to review the file, the judge asks the prosecutor for specifics of the case. The prosecutor then provides the court and defense attorney with certain formal notices (which can take many different forms) that may be required by law or procedural custom. The defense attorney can then provide the court and prosecutor with some cross notices. 5. Once the paperwork has been exchanged, the judge asks the prosecutor to make a statement regarding bail. The prosecutor then tells the judge whether or not they feel bail should be set (along with reasons), how much the bail should be, and a very brief description of the case. At this point, those speaking cannot be interrupted by an objection or other motion. Once the prosecutor is finished, the defense attorney can state their reasoning as to whether or not bail should be set and/or the reasons why bail should be kept lower. 6. Once the judge has heard both sides, they then make their decision regarding bail and the arraignment is over. 7. If bail is set, the court officer escorts the defendant back to the court s holding area until bail is posted. If the judge set a Release on Recognizance (the defendant is released simply on the promise that they will return on the date of the trial), the defendant can simply walk out the courtroom door. In some states, the defendant is held in jail for a short time while ROR paperwork is processed, then released. Note 1: For some minor cases, the judge, prosecutor, and defense attorney may discuss resolving the case right then and there in order to save valuable court time for more serious cases. Note 2: Although it seems like a fairly detailed process, most arraignments take place in only 3 5 minutes. The experience of the judge and the attorneys involved greatly influences this process. Experienced lawyers and judges are very adept at presenting and evaluating cases quickly and using a lot of legal jargon that courtroom spectators may not be aware of. Family and friends of the defendant that are not aware of how the arraignment process works are often frustrated that the case is not argued at that time.
22 The History of Bail within the United States Bail laws in the United States grew out of a lengthy history of English statutes and policies. Throughout the colonial period, Americans relied on the bail structure that had created in England hundreds of years earlier. When the colonists declared independence in 1776, they no longer relied on English law but formulated their very own policies which closely paralleled the English tradition. The ties in between the institution of bail in the United States of America and England are particularly evident within the American constitutional guarantees: the Eighth Amendment s statement that excessive bail shall not be required comes straight from English law. Statutory bail law in the United states is also according to the old English system. In attempting to understand the meaning from the American constitutional bail provisions and how they had been intended to supplement a larger statutory bail structure, understanding from the English method and how it developed till the time of American independence is essential. In medieval England, methods to insure the accused would appear for trial began as early as criminal trials themselves. Till the 13th century, nevertheless, the circumstances under which a defendant could be detained before trial or released with guarantees that he would return had been dictated by the local sheriffs As the regional representative of the crown, the sheriff possessed sovereign authority to release or hold suspects. The sheriffs, in other words, could use any standard and weigh any element in determining whether or not to admit a suspect to bail bonds. -This broad authority was not usually judiciously administered. Some sheriffs exploited the bail method for their own gain. Accordingly, the absence of limits on the power of the sheriffs was stated as a major grievance top to the Statue of Westminster. The Statute of Westminster in 1275 eliminated the discretion of sheriffs with respect to which crimes would be bailable. Below the Statute, the bailable and non-bailable offenses were particularly listed XXI. The sheriffs retained the authority to decide the amount of bail and to weigh all relevant elements to arrive at that amount. The Statute, however, was far from a universal right to bail. Not just were some offenses explicitly excluded from bail, but the statutes restrictions were confined to the abuses of the sheriffs. The justices from the realm were exempt from its provisions. Applicability of the statute to the judges was the key problem several centuries later when bail law underwent its subsequent main alter. Within the early seventeenth century, King Charles I received no funds from the Parliament. Consequently, he forced some noblemen to problem him loans. These who refused to lend the sovereign money had been imprisoned without bail. Five incarcerated knights filed a habeas corpus petition arguing that they could not be held indefinitely without trial or bail. The King would neither bail the prisoners nor inform them of any charges against them. The King s cause for keeping the charges secret had been evident: the charges had been illegal; the knights had no obligation to lend towards the King. When the case was brought prior to the court, counsel for the knights argued that without a trial or conviction, the petitioners had been becoming detained solely on the basis of an
23 unsubstantiated and unstated accusation. Attorney General Heath contended that the King could greatest balance the interests of individual liberty against the interests of state security when exercising his sovereign authority to imprison. The court upheld this sovereign prerogative argument XI. Parliament responded towards the King s action and the court s ruling with the Petition of Right of The Petition protested that contrary towards the Magna Carta as well as other laws guaranteeing that no man be imprisoned without due procedure of law, the King had lately imprisoned individuals prior to trial without any trigger showed. The Petition concluded that no freeman, in any manner as prior to mentioned, be imprisoned or detained ~ The act guaranteed, consequently, that man could not be held prior to trial on the basis of an unspecific accusation. This didn t, nevertheless, provide an absolute right to bail. The offenses enumerated within the Statute of Westminster remained bailable and non-bailable. Consequently, an person charged with a non-bailable offense still could not contend that he had a legal entitlement to bail. The King, the courts and the sheriffs were able to frustrate the intent from the Petition of Right through procedural delays in granting the writs of habeas corpus. In 1676, for example, when Francis Jenkes sought a writ of habeas corpus concerning his imprisonment for the vague charge of sedition, it was denied at first because the court was outside term, and later simply because the case was not calendared; furthermore, when the court was requested to calendar the case, it refused to complete so. In response to the rampant procedural delays in providing habeas corpus as evidenced by Jenkes Case~ Parliament passed the Habeas Corpus Act of The act strengthened the guarantee of habeas corpus by specifying that a magistrate: shall discharge the said Prisoner from his Imprisonment taking his or their Recognizance, with one or much more Surety or Sureties, in any Sum based on their discretion, having regard towards the High quality of the Prisoner and Nature from the offense, for his or their Look within the Court from the King s bench unless it shall appear.that the Party (is) committed.for such Matter or offenses for which by law the Prisoner is not bailable XVI. By requiring early designation from the cause for arrest, the Habeas Corpus Act provided a suspect with knowledge that the alleged offense was either bailable or not. The Statute of Westminster remained the main definition of what offenses could be eligible for bail. Even though the Habeas Corpus Act improved administration of bail laws, it supplied no protection against excessive bail specifications. Even if a suspect was accused of a bailable offense and therefore was entitled to some bail, he could nonetheless be detained when the financial condition of release was exorbitantly high. As evidence of this abuse reached Parliament, it responded with the English Bill of Rights of Within the Preamble, the bill accused the King of attempting to subvert the laws and liberties of the kingdom: within the excessive bail hath been needed of persons committed in criminal cases, to elude the benefit of the laws produced for the liberty from the subjects7~c~~li The Bill of Rights
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