1 1 University of Manitoba Department of History HIST 1260 New Directions in History: Inquiries into the Cultural Basis of the Modern World Fall 2013 T Th, 11:30-12:45 Location 137 Isbister Building Dr. Rashed Chowdhury Office: 354 University College Office hours: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 3:00 pm to 4:00 pm Telephone: Association football (soccer) and cricket are two of the modern world s global sports. Featuring millions of amateur players on every continent, along with a multitude of professional leagues, international matches and glitzy World Cups watched by billions of TV spectators, these two sports, perhaps more than any other, exemplify modern cultural globalisation. Yet just 200 years ago, both football and cricket were largely confined to Britain and a few colonies. This course will use the two sports as a cultural lens through which modern world history can be examined. We will trace the growth and spread of soccer and cricket from Britain to its empire and beyond, examining themes such as imperialism, nationalism, capitalism, religion, the media and consumer culture. We will also examine the way in which spectator sports such as football and cricket have come to serve as interfaces between the local and the global in the modern world. Grade Distribution Map quiz: 5% Paper I: 20% Paper II: 25% Midterm: 20% Final exam: 30% Assignments and Due Dates There will be a map quiz on 19 September, covering major soccer- and cricket-playing countries Paper I, due on 31 October, should be six to seven pages long ( words). Topic: Pick a country and trace the development of football (soccer) OR cricket there. How did football or cricket arrive there? What classes, geographical areas or ethnicities are the players drawn from? Who provides the fan base? How has the sport changed over time? What explains the success or otherwise of this country s national team on the international arena?
2 2 In preparing your paper, please use either one of the two course textbooks, along with at least two other academic sources (these can include journal articles assigned for the course or outside academic books or articles). Paper II, due on 21 November, should be seven to eight pages long ( words). Topic: Using course readings, please explain why football (soccer) spread to every corner of the world, while cricket largely remained confined to former British colonies (which nevertheless span the globe). In preparing your paper, please use both of the course textbooks, along with at least three journal articles from the assigned readings. All papers should be typed, double-spaced, in 12-point Times New Roman font with one-inch margins on all sides. Please use the Chicago Style for citations. Please use footnotes rather than endnotes. Further details and guidelines regarding the papers will be provided in class. Students are expected to do their weekly readings. Not only will the readings help you make sense of what is being discussed in class and enable you to ask pertinent questions, they will also enable you to write effective papers and examination essays. Papers based solely on class lectures will not be acceptable. Further guidance on locating the readings will be provided in class. Since this is a course that meets the University Senate's W requirement, students must complete all essay assignments with a passing grade to pass the course. The midterm examination will take place on 17 October. The final examination will take place during the final exam period (6-18 December); the exact date will be set by the University. Evaluation of term work will be provided by the VW date, which is 13 November. Late assignments will be subject to a penalty of 2 percentage points per day. Students who wish to appeal a grade given for term work must do so within 10 working days after the grade for the term work has been made available to them. Uncollected term work will become the property of the Faculty of Arts and will be subject to confidential destruction. Letter Grade Values 90% to 100% = A+ 65% to 69% = C+ 80% to 89% = A 60% to 64% = C 75% to 79% = B+ 50% to 59% = D 70% to 74% = B 0% to 49% = F
3 3 Policy on Academic Dishonesty The common penalty in Arts for plagiarism on a written assignment is a grade of F on the paper and a final grade of F (DISC) (for Disciplinary Action) for the course. For the most serious acts of plagiarism, such as purchase of an essay and repeat violations, this penalty can also include suspension for a period of up to five (5) years from registration in courses taught in a particular department/program in Arts or from all courses taught in this Faculty. The Faculty also reserves the right to submit student work that is suspected of being plagiarized to Internet sites designed to detect plagiarism or to other experts for authentication. The common penalty in Arts for academic dishonesty on a test or examination is F for the paper, F (DISC) for the course, and a one-year suspension from courses acceptable for credit in the Faculty. For more serious acts of academic dishonesty on a test or examination, such as repeat violations, this penalty can also include suspension for a period of up to five years from registration in courses taught in a particular department or program in Arts or from all courses taught in or accepted for credit by this Faculty. Required Textbooks - David Goldblatt, The Ball Is Round: A Global History of Soccer (New York: Riverhead Books, 2008). - Brian Stoddart and Keith A. P. Sandiford, The Imperial Game: Cricket, Culture and Society (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998). Reading Schedule and Topics Covered Week 1: Introduction 5 Sept.: Introduction to world history, cultural history and sports history Week 2: The British Empire Reading for the week: - Tayyab Mahmud, Colonialism and Modern Constructions of Race: A Preliminary Inquiry, University of Miami Law Review, vol. 53 (1999): Available at =1&collection=journals - Kapil Raj, Colonial Encounters and the Forging of New Knowledge and National Identities: Great Britain and India, , Osiris, 2 nd series, vol. 15 (2000): Available through JSTOR. - Judith T. Kenney, Climate, Race, and Imperial Authority: The Symbolic Landscape of the British Hill Station in India, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 85, no. 4 (1995): Available through the Wiley Online Library.
4 4 10 Sept.: The British Empire, 18 th century-20 th century 12 Sept.: Race, ethnicity and class in the British Empire Week 3: The Rise of Football and Cricket in Britain - Goldblatt, Chapters Stoddart & Sandiford, Chapter 1 17 Sept.: The birth and codification of football and cricket 18 Sept.: Withdrawal deadline (non-vw) 19 Sept.: From local games to imperial sports; map quiz Week 4: The Spread of Football and Cricket to the Empire - Goldblatt, Chapter 5 - Trudo de Jonghe, The Popularity of Football Games in the World: Is there a Relation with Hegemonic Power? in N. van Huffel (ed.), Van Christaller tot Wallerstein. Zelzate: Nautilus Academic Books, 2007, pp Available at - Brian Stoddart, Sport, Cultural Imperialism, and Colonial Response in the British Empire, Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 30, no. 4 (1988): Avalable through JSTOR. - Harold Perkin, Teaching the Nations How to Play: Sport and Society in the British Empire and Commonwealth, International Journal of the History of Sport, vol. 6, no. 2 (1989): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. 24 Sept.: The push factor: British soldiers and officials as purveyors of football and cricket 26 Sept.: The pull factor: Indigenous interest in football and cricket across the empire Week 5: Football in Colonial and Post-Colonial India Reading for the week: - Kausik Bandyopadhyay, Race, Nation and Sport: Footballing Nationalism in Colonial Calcutta, Soccer & Society, vol. 4, no. 1 (2003): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Paul Dimeo, Colonial Bodies, Colonial Sport: Martial Punjabis, Effeminate Bengalis and the Development of Indian Football, International Journal of the History of Sport, vol. 19, no. 1 (2002): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Paul Dimeo, Football and Politics in Bengal: Colonialism, Nationalism, Communalism, Soccer & Society, vol. 2, no. 2 (2001): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Tony Mason, Football on the Maidan: Cultural Imperialism in Calcutta, International Journal of the History of Sport, vol. 7, no. 1 (1990): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - James Mills, Colonialism, Christians and Sport: The Catholic Church and Football in Goa, , Football Studies, vol. 5, no. 2 (2002): Available at
5 5 - Paul Dimeo, The Local, National and Global in Indian Football: Issues of Power and Identity, Football Studies, vol. 5, no. 2 (2002): Available at - Satadru Sen, How Gavaskar Killed Indian Football, Football Studies, vol. 5, no. 2 (2002): Available at 1 Oct.: Colonialism and football in India 3 Oct.: The post-colonial era and South Asian football Week 6: Cricket in Colonial and Post-Colonial South Asia - Stoddart & Sandiford, Chapter 6 - Ramachandra Guha, Cricket and Politics in Colonial India, Past & Present, no. 161 (1998): Available through JSTOR. - Shamya Dasgupta, Bangladeshi Cricket: Scoring on Passion, but Little Else, Sports in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics. vol. 10, no. 1 (2007): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. 8 Oct.: Film: Selections from Lagaan (2001, dir. Ashutosh Gowariker) 10 Oct.: Cricket in South Asia from foreign elite sport to local mass sport Week 7: Football in the Time of Fascism - Goldblatt, Chapters 7 & 9 - Patrizia Dogliani, Sport and Fascism, Journal of Modern Italian Studies, vol. 5, no. 3 (2000): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. 15 Oct.: The rise of dictatorships and European football 17 Oct.: Midterm Week 8: Europe, Latin America and Football during the Cold War - Goldblatt, Chapters 9-11, Udo Merkel, The 1974 and 2006 World Cups in Germany: Commonalities, Continuities and Changes, Soccer & Society, vol. 7, no. 1 (2006): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Tamir Bar-On, The Ambiguities of Football, Politics, Culture, and Social Transformation in Latin America, Sociological Research Online, vol. 2, no. 4 (1997). Available at 22 Oct.: The Cold War and its aftermath
6 6 24 Oct.: Cold-War-era football in Europe and Latin America Week 9: African Football and Cricket - Goldblatt, Chapters 12, 16 & 20 - Stoddart & Sandiford, Chapter 3 - Justin van der Merwe, The Road to Africa: South Africa s Hosting of the African World Cup, in Udesh Pillay, Richard Tomlinson and Orli Bass (eds.), Development and Dreams: The Urban Legacy of the 2010 Football World Cup. Cape Town: HSRC Press, Available at - Grant Farred, The Nation in White: Cricket in a Post-Apartheid South Africa, Social Text, no. 50 (1997): Available through JSTOR. 29 Oct.: African decolonisation; apartheid in South Africa 31 Oct.: African football and cricket from the 1960s; paper I due Week 10: Soccer and Cricket in North America and the Caribbean - Fernando Delgado, Major League Soccer: The Return of the Foreign Sport, Journal of Sport & Social Issues, vol. 21, no. 3 (1997): Available through Sage Journals. - M. Ann Hall, The Game of Choice: Girls and Womens Soccer in Canada, Soccer & Society, vol. 4, nos. 2-3 (2003): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Andrei S. Markovits and Steven L. Hellerman, Women s Soccer in the United States: Yet another American Exceptionalism, Soccer & Society, vol. 4, nos. 2-3 (2003): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Sandra Collins, National Sports and Other Myths: The Failure of US Soccer, Soccer & Society, vol. 7, nos. 2-3 (2006): Available through Taylor and Francis Online. - Stoddart & Sandiford, Chapter 4 - Brian Stoddart, Caribbean Cricket: The Role of Sport in Emerging Small-Nation Politics, International Journal, vol. 43, no. 4 (1988): Available through JSTOR. - D.W. Gibson, Bowling (New) Yorkers, Caravan, 1 June Available at - Philip Sherwell, Joseph O Neill: The man who bowled over New York, Telegraph, 2 Aug Available at ONeill-The-man-who-bowled-over-New-York.html 5 Nov.: The travails of men s soccer and triumphs of women s soccer in North America 7 Nov.: Cricket: success in the West Indies; survival in the US and Canada
7 7 Week 11: The Globalisation of Cricket - Amit Gupta, The Globalization of Cricket: The Rise of the Non-West, International Journal of the History of Sport, vol. 21, no. 2 (2004): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Jason Kaufman and Orlando Patterson, Cross-National Cultural Diffusion: The Global Spread of Cricket, American Sociological Review, vol. 70 (2005): Available through Sage Journals. - Fahad Mustafa, Cricket and Globalization: Global Processes and the Imperial Game, Journal of Global History, vol. 8, no. 2 (2013): Available through Cambridge Journals. - Chris Rumford, More than a Game: Globalization and the Post-Westernization of World Cricket, Global Networks, vol. 7, no. 2 (2007): Available through the Wiley Online Library. - Wendy Varney, Howzat! Cricket from Empire to Globalization, Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, vol. 11, no. 4 (1999): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. 12 Nov.: Globalization 14 Nov.: Cricket s centre of gravity moves to the Third World Week 12: Football in the Middle East - Houchang E. Chehabi, The Politics of Football in Iran, Soccer & Society, vol. 7, nos. 2-3 (2006): Available through Taylor & Francis online. - Babak Fozooni, Religion, Politics and Class: Conflict and Contestation in the Development of Football in Iran, Soccer & Society, vol. 5, no. 3 (2004): Available through Taylor & Francis online. - Tamir Sorek, Arab Football in Israel as an Integrative Enclave, Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 26, no. 3 (2003): Available through Taylor & Francis online. - Shawki El-Zatmah, From Terso into Ultras: The 2011 Egyptian Revolution and the Radicalization of the Soccer s Ultra-Fans, Soccer & Society, vol. 13, nos. 5-6 (2012): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. 19 Nov.: The rise of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iranian football 21 Nov.: The Arab-Israeli conflict and football; football and the Arab Spring; paper II due Week 13: Football, Cricket and Multiculturalism - Paul A. Silverstein, Sporting Faith: Islam, Soccer, and the French Nation-State, Social Text, vol. 18, no. 4 (2000): Available at - Yasmin Jiwani, Sports as a Civilizing Mission: Zinedine Zidane and the Infamous Head-
8 8 Butt, TOPIA: Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies, no. 19 (2008): Available at - Tim Crabbe and Stephen Wagg, A Carnival of Cricket? The Cricket World Cup, Race and the Politics of Carnival, Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, vol. 3, no. 2 (2000): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. - Stephen Wagg, To Be an Englishman : Nation, Ethnicity and English Cricket in a Global Age, Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, vol. 10, no. 1 (2007): Available through Taylor & Francis Online. 26 Nov.: Multiculturalism and its discontents 28 Nov.: Ethnicity, culture and national teams in English cricket and French football Week 14: Review 3 Dec. Final exam: 6-18 Dec.