1 UNITED NATIONS AS General Assembly Security Council Distr. GENERAL A/54/307 8 September 1999 ENGLISH ORIGINAL: ENGLISH/FRENCH/ SPANISH GENERAL ASSEMBLY Fifty-fourth session Item 15 (c) of the provisional agenda* SECURITY COUNCIL Fifty-fourth year ELECTIONS TO FILL VACANCIES IN PRINCIPAL ORGANS: ELECTION OF FIVE MEMBERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE CURRICULA VITAE OF CANDIDATES NOMINATED BY NATIONAL GROUPS Note by the Secretary-General CONTENTS Page I. INTRODUCTION... 2 II. CURRICULA VITAE... 2 AL-KHASAWNEH, Awn Shawkat... 2 BALANDA, Mikuin-Leliel... 5 GUILLAUME, Gilbert HIGGINS, Rosalyn PARRA-ARANGUREN, Gonzalo RANJEVA, Raymond WEERAMANTRY, Christopher Gregory * A/54/ (E)
2 Page 2 I. INTRODUCTION The Secretary-General has the honour to submit to the General Assembly and to the Security Council the curricula vitae of the candidates nominated by national groups for the election of five judges of the International Court of Justice, which will take place during the fifty-fourth session of the General Assembly. A list of the candidates nominated for this election is contained in document A/54/307-. The composition of the Court and the voting procedures to be followed in the General Assembly and in the Security Council are set out in a memorandum by the Secretary-General (A/54/305-S/1999/939). II. CURRICULA VITAE AL-KHASAWNEH, Awn Shawkat (Jordan) [Original: ] Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh was born in Amman on 22 February 1950 and received his primary and secondary education at the Islamic Educational College of Amman and his university education at Cambridge University (Queens College) where he read history and law, and then did postgraduate work in international law. M.A. LL.M. (Cantab.). He joined the Jordanian diplomatic service in 1975 and served as Second Secretary, then First Secretary at the Permanent Mission of Jordan to the United Nations in New York, From 1980 to 1985, he worked in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with special responsibility for international organizations and international law. In the years , he was Head of the Legal Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1990, he was seconded to the Royal Court where he worked as Legal Adviser to Crown Prince El-Hassan bin Talal. He was given the rank of Ambassador in 1992, and in 1995, he was appointed Adviser to the King and Adviser of the State on International Law with the rank of Minister, and Chief of the Royal Hashemite Court, Mr. Al-Khasawneh has represented Jordan at 18 sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations (The Sixth (Legal) Committee) since 1976, and was Jordan s alternate representative on the Security Council, He was a member of most Jordanian delegations to meetings of the Arab League, the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries and the Organization of the Islamic Conference held in the years From 1991 to 1994, he was a member of, and Legal Adviser to, the Jordanian delegation to the peace negotiations in the Middle East. In the field of the codification and progressive development of international law, Mr. Al-Khasawneh represented Jordan at the following conferences and committees:
3 Page 3 Ad Hoc Committee on the Drafting of an International Convention against the Taking of Hostages, United Nations Conference on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties, Second Session, United Nations Conference on Succession of States in Respect of State Property, Archives and Debts, United Nations Conference on Treaties Between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations, He was elected Chairman of the Drafting Committee. Rome Conference on the drafting of a Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, Elective offices Member of the Arab International Law Commission, Member of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, Commission on Human Rights, Chairman of the Subcommission, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the human rights dimensions of forcible population transfer. Chairman of Commission IV, UNESCO General Conference, Member of the International Law Commission since Member of the Jordanian Royal Commission on Legislative and Administrative Reform, Chairman of the Jordanian National Group on the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law, Publications Submitted three reports on the human rights dimensions of forcible population transfers, to the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, The reports were approved by the Commission on Human Rights and the Economic and Social Council. "General Principles and Methods for Executing a New Convention", in Environmental Protection and the Law of War. Glen Plant, ed. (London; New York; Bellhaven Press, 1992). "The International Law Commission and Middle East Waters" in Water in the Middle East: Legal, Political and Commercial Implications. J. A. Allan and Chibli Mallat, eds. (London; New York; I. B. Tauris Publishers, 1995).
4 Page 4 Academic activities Member of the International Law Association, Committee on Maritime Neutrality, Member of the Board of Editors, Palestine Yearbook of International Law. Member of the Council of the Centre of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Lectured and participated widely in academic seminars at various universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, London, Geneva and universities in Jordan. Honours Jordan: Istiqlal Order, First Class, Jordan: Kawkab Order, First Class, Jordan: Nahda Order, First Class, France: Légion d Honneur, Grand Officier, 1997.
5 Page 5 BALANDA, Mikuin-Leliel (Democratic Republic of the Congo) [Original: French] Biographical data Place and date of birth: Kinshasa, 12 September Marital status: Married. University studies and academic qualifications Doctor of Laws, University of Brussels, Special Diploma in International Law (two-year postgraduate course), University of Brussels, Undergraduate studies in philosophy and literature, University of Liège, Belgium, Secondary education Classics (Latin, sciences), Collège des Pères Jésuites, Kiniati ( ). Posts held University Professor in the Faculty of Law of the National University of Zaire (now University of Kinshasa) (1976-present). Professor at the Official University of the Congo ( ). Associate Professor at the Official University of the Congo ( ). Instructor at the Official University of the Congo ( ). Teaching courses on public international law, international organizations and international relations (1967-present). Assistant Dean of the Faculty of Law of the National University of Zaire at the time of the University s establishment ( ). Director of the Institute of Advanced International Studies of the National University of Zaire ( ). Dean of the Faculty of Economic, Political, Social and Administrative Sciences of the Official University of the Congo (1970).
6 Page 6 Bar Avocat at the Court of Appeal of Lumumbashi ( ). Counsel for Société Nationale d Assurances ( ). Judicial and other Senior President of the Supreme Court of Justice, October 1986-May Head of division of the Supreme Court of Justice, November October Judge at the Supreme Court of Justice of the Congo, February November Chairman of the Standing Committee on Reform of the Law of the Republic of Zaire, February Chairman of the Standing Subcommittee on Judicial Law, Member of the Standing Committee on Reform of the Law of the Republic of Zaire from its establishment in 1971 to International posts International civil servant at the Fonds Belgo-Congolais d Amortissement et de Gestion, Brussels, Member of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), Member of the Zairian delegation to the International Court of Justice at The Hague in connection with the consideration by the Court of the question of Western Sahara, July Representative of Zaire in the Sixth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, February present. Member of the International Law Commission, Member of the Ad Hoc Working Group of Experts on Southern Africa of the Commission on Human Rights, 1982-December Chairman of the Ad Hoc Working Group of Experts on Southern Africa of the Commission on Human Rights, August 1987-December Member of the United Nations Administrative Tribunal, 1991-November 1998.
7 Page 7 Vice-President of the United Nations Administrative Tribunal, Coordinator for Central Africa of the research project on "International humanitarian law and African traditions", undertaken jointly by the Institut Henri Dunant, Geneva, and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Initiator of the Central African subregional colloquium on international humanitarian law, held in 1987 and 1989 at Kinshasa, under the auspices of ICRC. In collaboration with ICRC, initiator of the Seminar on International Humanitarian Law, held at the Faculty of Law of the University of Kinshasa, 1987-present. Participation in international conferences Member of the delegation of Zaire to the Conference of Heads of State of Central and East Africa, Lusaka, Member of the delegation of Zaire to the fourth summit conference of the Organization of African Unity, Kinshasa, Participated in the United Nations General Assembly (1969, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1978, , 1985, 1986, 1990, ). Member of the delegation of Zaire to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination at its twenty-first and twenty-second sessions (Geneva and New York, 1980). Member of the delegation of Zaire to the Ministerial Conference of the Organization of African Unity on the elaboration of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, Banjul, Member of the delegation of Zaire to the meeting of Council of Ministers and the eighteenth summit conference of the Organization of African Unity, Nairobi, June Member of the delegation of Zaire to the forty-third session of the Commission on Human Rights, Geneva, 1987; and at subregional sessions, in 1990, 1993 and Head of the delegation of Zaire to the conference of the Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT) on legal and judicial cooperation, Paris, Head of the delegation of Zaire to the International Conference of Higher Administrative Courts, Helsinki, Member of the delegation of Zaire to the Nineteenth Congress of the International Institute of Law of the French-speaking Countries (IDEF), Yaoundé, Cameroon, 1988.
8 Page 8 Participated in the Twentieth Congress of IDEF, Paris, Participated in the seminar on human rights organized by the International Commission of Jurists and the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights, Ouagadougou, March-April Delegate to the Conference of Independent Experts, organized by the International Commission of Jurists, on the establishment of an African Court of Human and Peoples Rights, Cape Town, South Africa, July- August Participated in the congress that established the Association des Cours Constitutionelles des Pays ayant le Français en Partage (AAPF), Paris, April Member of the group of international observers of the legislative elections in Cameroon (May 1997), on behalf of the International Organization of La Francophonie. Delegate to the second World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, June Principal publications Human rights and international humanitarian law "The African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights", Austrian International Law Journal, "Apartheid and the crime of genocide", United Nations, Geneva, August 1984 (E/CN.4/AC.22/1984/810 and Add.1). Le droit à la vie, essay published by the Association of International Consultants on Human Rights (Brussels, Bruylant, 1986). Le Protocole de Genève du 17 juin 1925 et l interdiction de l emploi des gaz asphyxiants, United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Geneva, Problématique du projet du code des crimes contre la paix et la sécurité de l humanité, paper delivered at the nineteenth session of a seminar held at the thirty-fifth session of the International Law Commission, July "Les droits de l homme dans l administration de la justice", Review of the Faculty of Law of the University of Kinshasa (in press). Course on regional integration in Africa taught as part of a seminar organized by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Yaoundé, November 1984.
9 Page 9 Droits de l homme et droit international dans la crise de la partie est du Zaïre, Droits de l homme et droits des peuples, convergences et dichotomie, International public law and international relations Fonds belgo-congolais d amortissement et de gestion, contributions to the study of international public institutions, 225 pp. (Publications de l Université officielle du Congo, 1968, vol. XXII). Les fonctions diplomatiques et internationales (undergraduate textbook, 1969, Official University of the Congo). Histoire des relations internationales (undergraduate textbook, 1969, Official University of the Congo). Droit consulaire et style diplomatique (undergraduate textbook, 1969, Official University of the Congo). Les organisations internationales, 4e éd. (undergraduate textbook, Faculty of Law, University of Kinshasa, 1997). Droit international de la coopération (graduate-level textbook, University of Kinshasa, 1985). "Le Statut de la loi étrangère", in Revue juridique du Zaïre, "La responsabilité pénale internationale des Etats et l oeuvre de la Commission du droit international de l ONU", in Revue africaine de droit international. Organisations internationales (in press, 1999). Constitutional and judicial law Nouveau droit constitutionnel zairois et le droit international, 350 pp., Paris, Nouvelles Editions Africaines, L organisation judiciaire traditionnelle au Zaïre au Lac Léopold II (Centre for Juridical History and Ethnology, E. Solvay Institute of Sociology, Free University of Brussels, 1969). "Les tribunaux de paix et leur évolution au Zaïre", in Revue juridique du Zaïre, February "Compétence et procédure administrative de la Cour Suprême de Justice", paper delivered at the International Conference of Higher Administrative Courts, Helsinki, June 1989.
10 Page 10 "Les offenses au chef de l Etat et la Cour suprême de Justice", in Revue juridique du Zaïre, Other publications "Contrat d entreprise clé-en-mains, le cas du Zaïre", in Revue de l IDEF, Paris, "Contrat de travail au Zaïre", in Revue de l IDEF, Paris, Membership in professional bodies Languages Member of the Société Française de Droit International. Member of the International Association of Criminal Law (France). French: : official language. fluent (spoken and written).
11 Page 11 GUILLAUME, Gilbert (France) [Original: French] Born in Bois-Colombes, France, on 4 December Academic qualifications Licence en droit (Bachelor s degree in law), University of Paris. Diplôme, Paris Institute of Political Studies. Diplôme d études supérieures (postgraduate degree) in political economy and economics, University of Paris. Studies at the National School of Administration (ENA). Current position Judge, International Court of Justice (14 September 1987-present). Previous positions Member of the Council of State as Commissioner of Audit (1957), then as Rapporteur (1963) and, most recently, Councillor of State (until 1996). Legal adviser to the State Secretariat for Civil Aviation ( ); French representative on the Legal Committee of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) ( ) and Chairman of the Committee ( ); represented France on the Legal Commission of the ICAO Assembly (1968, 1971, 1974 and 1977); delegate to the diplomatic conferences on the suppression of unlawful seizure of aircraft (The Hague, 1970), the suppression of unlawful acts against the safety of civil aviation (Montreal, 1971), and air safety (Rome, 1973); President of the Diplomatic Conference on the Liability of the Carrier (Montreal, 1975); head of the French delegations to the diplomatic conferences on the liability of the carrier vis-à-vis third parties (Montreal, 1978) and on the non-use of force against civil aircraft (Montreal, 1984). Chairman of the Conciliation Commission, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development ( ); member of the European Space Agency Appeals Board ( ); Director of Legal Affairs, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (1979). Director of Legal Affairs, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs ( ). Agent for France in numerous cases before the Court of Justice of the European Communities, the European Commission and the European Court of Human Rights and in various arbitration proceedings.
12 Page 12 Represented France on the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine ( ); Chairman of the Commission ( ). Represented France on the Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee (AALCC) ( ). Delegate of France to the General Assembly of the United Nations (Sixth Committee) ( ); head of the French delegation to the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1982), the United Nations Conference on Succession of States in respect of State Property, Archives and Debts (Vienna, 1983) and the United Nations Conference on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations (Vienna, 1986). Arbitration activities Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (since 1980). Member of the Court of Arbitration of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Designated arbitrator by the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (EUTELSAT), ICAO, the International Chamber of Commerce, the Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Commercial Arbitration and the African Regional Centre for Commercial Arbitration, Cairo, the two latter bodies established under the auspices of AALCC. Conciliator and arbitrator, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Chairman of the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (EUTELSAT) Appeals Board. Teaching activities Former lecturer at the Institute of Political Studies, University of Paris; the National School of Administration; the National School of Civil Aviation; and the International Institute of Public Administration. Publications "Les commissions de recours des organisations européennes coordonnées", Etudes et documents, 1969, p. 73. "L évolution du système monétaire international et l application des conventions sur la responsabilité contractuelle", Revue française de droit aérien, 1975, p "Le Comité juridique de l Organisation de l aviation civile internationale (OACI)", Revista del Centro de Investigación y Difusión Aeronáutico Espacial (Montevideo), 1976, p. 19.
13 Page 13 Le terrorisme aérien (Paris, Pedone, 1977). "Location, affrêtement et banalisation d aéronefs en exploitation internationale", Revue française de droit aérien, 1978, p "La responsabilité des services de contrôle de la circulation aérienne", Annales de droit aérien et spatial (McGill University, Montreal), vol. III, "L Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques et l évolution récente de ses moyens d action", Annuaire français de droit international, 1979, p. 75. Antarctic Resources Policy: Scientific, Legal and Political Issues (Cambridge University Press), p "La délimitation des espaces maritimes français", Perspectives du droit de la mer à l issue de la Troisième Conférence des Nations Unies (Pedone, 1983). Les forces de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies: problèmes juridiques, (Académie diplomatique internationale, 1984). "La non-intervention dans les affaires intérieures des Etats (article 2, paragraphe 7, de la Charte des Nations Unies)", in La Charte des Nations Unies - Commentaire, under the direction of J. P. Cot and A. Pellet (Economica, Bruylant, 1985, 2nd ed., 1991). Codification in International Law (University College, London, 1986), p "Preuves et mesures d instruction devant la juridiction internationale permanente", in La juridiction internationale permanente (Paris, Pedone, 1987). "Liberalización: la comunidad económica europea. Experiencia y perspectivas" Conferencia latinoamericana, Transporte aéreo internacional y actividades en el espacio ultraterrestre, Mexico, D.F., agosto, August "Le Tunnel sous la Manche. Le cadre juridique. Le traité et la concession", Annales des mines, 1988, No. 5, p. 15. "La France et les détroits internationaux", Académie de Marine: Communications et mémoires, 1989, No. 2, p. 5. "La Cour internationale de Justice. Crise ou renouveau?" Quatrième conférence commémorative Louis Bloomfield. (Montreal, Association de droit international, 1989).
14 Page 14 "La direction des affaires juridiques du Ministère des Affaires étrangères", in Guy Ladreit de Lacharrière et la politique juridique extérieure de la France (Masson, 1989), p "Terrorisme et droit international", Recueil des cours (Hague Academy of International Law, 1989), III, vol. 215, p "Souveraineté et juridictions internationales", in La souveraineté à l aube du III e millénaire (Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 1990), p. 54. "Détroits internationaux et droit aérien", Annales de droit aérien et spatial (McGill University, Montreal), vol. XV, 1990, p. 75. "Sanctions économiques et blocus de l Irak", Communications et mémoires (Académie de Marine, 1990, No. 3). "L Antarctique et let droit de la mer", Communications et mémoires (Académie de Marine, , No. 3). "La politique des Etats à l égard du règlement par tierces parties", Thesaurus acroasium (Salonica, 1991), p "L unification allemande - Succession aux traités et droit communautaire", in L Europe et le droit, Mélanges en hommage au Professeur Boulois (Paris, Dalloz, 1991), p "Le statut de l Antarctique. Réflexions sur quelques problèmes récents", in Mélanges en l honneur du Professeur René-Jean Dupuy (1991), p "Droit international et action diplomatique. Le cas de France", Journal européen de droit international, 2 (1), 1991:136. "Conflicts of National Competition Laws", in Beyond 1992, Implications and Prospects for World Action, IATA symposium (Budapest, 1991), p. 38. "L administration de la justice internationale", Revue française d administration publique, 1991, (57):135. Les subdivisions internes des juridictions internationales (Institut des hautes études internationales, Pedone, 1992). "La compétence universelle. Formes anciennes et nouvelles", in Mélanges et l honneur du Professeur Levasseur (1992), p "L ingérence humanitaire. mondes, June Inventaire du droit positif", Revue des deux Les grandes crises internationales et le droit (318 p.) (collection Points- Essais, éditions du Seuil, 1994). Published in Spanish as Las Grandes Crisis Internacionales y el Derecho (Barcelona, Ariel, 1995).
15 Page 15 "Transformations du droit international et jurisprudence de la Cour internationale de Justice", Les nouveaux aspects du droit international, colloque de Tunis, April 1994 (Paris, Pedone, 1994), p "Les perspectives du droit de la mer à la suite de l entrée en vigueur de la convention de Montego Bay", Communications et Mémoires de l Académie de Marine, (1): "Le droit à la vie. L article 2 de la Convention européenne des droits de l homme et son Protocole No. 6", in La convention européenne des droits de l homme (Economica, 1995), p "Les juges français à la Cour internationale de Justice", in La France et l ONU depuis 1945 (Paris, Editions Seuil, 1995), p "Enforcement of decisions of the International Court of Justice", in Perspectives on International Law dedicated to Judge Manfred Lachs (Kluwer International, 1995), p "The Future of International Judicial Institutions", International and Comparative Law Quarterly (London, 1995), p "La France et la Cour internationale de Justice", in L internationalité dans les institutions et le droit: études offertes à Alain Plantey (Paris, Pedone, 1995), p "Les traités devant les formations administratives du Conseil d Etat", in Mélanges en l honneur de Guy Braibant (Paris, Dalloz, 1996), p "La Cour internationale de Justice - quelques propositions concrètes à l occasion due Cinquantenaire", Revue générale de droit international public, 2/1996, p "De l exécution des décisions de la Cour internationale de Justice", Revue suisse de droit internationale et de droit européen, 4/1997, p "La crise financière des Nations Unies et la Cour internationale de Justice", L Observateur des Nations Unies, "Le terrorisme international", Répertoire international Dalloz, "L introduction et l exécution dans les ordres juridiques des Etats des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies prises en vertu du chapitre VII de la Charte - Le cas de la France", Académie internationale de droit comparé, XV e congrès, Bristol, Revue internationale de droit comparé, 2/1998, p "Le droit au juge", Colloque de l Institut du droit de la paix et du développement de l Université de Nice, Conclusions générales (Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence, 1998).
16 Page 16 "De l indépendance des membres de la Cour internationale de Justice", in Mélanges en l honneur de Boutros Boutros-Ghali (1998). "La cause commune devant la Cour internationale de Justice", in Mélanges en l honneur de Mohammed Bedjaoui (in press). "Les déclarations jointes aux décisions de la Cour internationale de Justice", in Mélanges en l honneur de José Maria Ruda (in press). Le juge international et la codification - La codification en droit international (Paris, Pedone, in press). "Le désistement et le non-lieu dans la jurisprudence de la Cour internationale de Justice", in Essays in honour of Bengt Broms (forthcoming). Scholarly activities Member of the Institute of International Law. Vice-President of the French Society of International Law. Honorary Chairman of the French Society of Air and Space Law. President of the French branch of the International Law Association (ILA). Member of the International Institute of Space Law. Member of the International Institute of Law of the French-Speaking Countries (IDEF). Member of the Naval Academy. Member of the Air and Space Academy. Member of the Scientific Board of Revue générale de droit international public. Member of the Editorial Board of Annuaire français de droit international. Chairman of the Board of Revue français de droit aérien et spatial. Decorations Officer of the Legion of Honour. Chevalier of the National Order of Merit. Commander of Arts and Letters. Chevalier du Mérite Agricole. Chevalier du Mérite Maritime. Aeronautics Medal. Various foreign decorations.
17 Page 17 HIGGINS, Rosalyn (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) [Original: ] Born in London on 2 June Married, one daughter, one son. Education B.A. (Cantab) 1st Class (1959). LL.B. (Cantab) 1st Class (1962). JS.D. (Yale) (1962). M.A. (Cantab) (1962). Honorary doctorates from the universities of Paris XI (1980), Dundee (1992), Durham and the London School of Economics (1995), Cambridge, Kent, Essex, Sussex, Greenwich and London City University (1996), Birmingham, Leicester and Glasgow (1997). Commonwealth Fund (Harkness) Fellowship ( ). Graduate Fellow, Yale Law School ( ). Brief summary of career Judge of the International Court of Justice (12 July 1995-present). United Kingdom Interne, Office of Legal Affairs, United Nations (1958). Visiting Fellow, Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. (1960). Junior Fellow in international studies, London School of Economics ( ). Staff specialist in international law, Royal Institute of International Affairs ( ). Visiting Fellow, London School of Economics ( ). Professor of International Law, University of Kent at Canterbury ( ). Professor of International Law, University of London ( ). Queen s Counsel (1986); Bencher of the Inner Temple (1989).
18 Page 18 Member of the Committee on Human Rights under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ( ); Special Rapporteur for new cases ( ). Associé of the Institut de droit international (1987); member (1991). Author of the Institut Report on "Legal Consequences for Member States of the nonfulfilment by international organisations of their obligations to third parties" (1995). Delivered the General Course on International Law at the Hague Academy of International Law (1991). Chairman, Public International Law Advisory Board, British Institute for International and Comparative Law (1992-present). Honorary Vice-President of the American Society of International Law (1993). Member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law ( ), British Yearbook of International Law and Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law. Queen s Counsel and Bencher of the Inner Temple, practising in public international law and petroleum law; practice in the Courts and before various international tribunals, including the International Court of Justice, the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of the European Communities. Counsel for the International Tin Council in a series of cases in the United Kingdom. Counsel in the following cases in the International Court of Justice: - Territorial Dispute (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya/Chad); - Case concerning East Timor (Portugal v. Australia); - Questions of Interpretation and Application of the 1971 Montreal Convention arising from the Aerial Incident at Lockerbie (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya v. United Kingdom); - Case concerning Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia). President, Tribunal of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (Amco v. Indonesia). Since 1995, has played an active part in the work of the International Court of Justice in both its judicial and administrative work. Since joining the Court, has lectured to audiences in various countries about the work of the ICJ.
19 Page 19 Honours and awards Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship (1961). British Academy Award ( ). Volumes I and II of United Nations Peacekeeping received the 1971 Certificate of Merit of the American Society of International Law. Problems and Process received the 1995 Certificate of Merit of the American Society of International Law. Wolfgang Friedman Medal for Services to International Law, Columbia University (1985). Ordre des Palmes Académiques (1988). Harold Weil Medal, New York University (1995). Dame Commander of the British Empire (1995). Yale Law School Medal of Merit (1997) and Manley O. Hudson Medal (1998). Honorary Life Membership Award, American Society of International Law (1992). Publications The Development of International Law through the Political Organs of the United Nations (1963). Conflict of Interests: International Law in a Divided World (1965). The Administration of the United Kingdom Foreign Policy through the United Nations (1966). UN Peacekeeping: Documents and Commentary. Vol. I. Middle East, Vol. II. Asia, Vol. III. Africa, Vol. IV. Europe, Law in Movement - Essays in Memory of John McMahon (co-edited with James Fawcett) (1974). "The Taking of Property by the State: Recent Developments in International Law", Recueil des cours (Hague Academy of International Law), vol. 176, Liberté de circulation des personnes en droit international (co-edited with Maurice Flory) (1988). "International law and the avoidance, containment and resolution of disputes" (General Course on Public International Law), Recueil des cours (Hague Academy of International Law), vol. 230, 1991.
20 Page 20 Problems and Process: International Law and How We Use It (1994). Various books and articles on international legal theory, United Nations law, the use of force, State immunity and diplomatic immunity, human rights and international petroleum law.