LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION"

Transcription

1 LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION Janka Dibdiakova, Volkmar Timmermann Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute (NFLI) Ås, Norway COST FP1205 Innovative applications of regenerated wood cellulose fibres Bangor, United Kingdom March, 2014

2 OVERVIEW

3 A CRITICAL NEED The textile industry has always been challenged with balancing performance and cost. As resource availability and water scarcity concerns increase, the textile supply chain now has the additional challenge of environmental accountability. From fiber sourcing to end product, stakeholders and consumers alike are demanding method of measuring and reducing the environmental impact of textile products. Tools such as Life Cycle Inventories and Life Cycle Assessments can aid in environmental decision-making by identifying key impacts.

4 Cotton fibres LCA Viscose fibres

5 Cotton Fibres Cotton is a natural cellulose fibre. It is the most important of all natural fibres, accounting for half of all the fibres used by the world s textile industry. Cotton has many qualities that make it so useful very good strength, easy to handle. The most important cotton-growing countries are the China, India, USA, Pakistan and Australia.

6 Production and Consumption of Cotton Cotton Production 2011/12

7 Cotton Fibres Cotton needs a hot, sunny climate to grow, well-drained soil and a lot of rainfall/irrigation during the growing season. Cotton is sustainable, renewable, and biodegradable, making it a good choice as an environmentally-friendly fibre. However it is not very cheap - often blended with other fabrics such as polyester.

8 Viscose Fibres (man-made) Viscose materials are synthetic polymers made from natural resources. Viscose fibres are made to replace cotton fibres and to become self-sufficient with regard to textile material. Water and air pollution caused by toxic compounds. Viscose fibres are now primarily covering high-value applications - characteristic position in the world fibres market.

9 Area Needed for Fibre Production

10 Comparison of fibres

11 Without man-made fibres there would be neither enough agricultural areas for food production nor sufficient water resources for humankind!

12 Life Cycle Tools Key to appreciating the scope and findings of research is an understanding of the connection between two critical tools in life cycle evaluations: A Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) is a collection of data sets that quantify energy, water, raw material requirements, air emissions, waterborne effluents, solid wastes and other environmental releases that occur throughout the life cycle of a product, process or activity. A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an objective process to evaluate the potential environmental burdens associated with the entire life cycle of a specific product, process or activity, and is generally based upon information contained in Life Cycle Inventories.

13 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) A cradle-to-grave LCA study is the full Life Cycle Assessment including resource extraction ('cradle'), processing and production, assembly of a product, transportation to the consumer, use phase and disposal phase (end of life, 'grave'). A cradle-to-gate LCA study includes all steps from the extraction of raw materials and fuels, followed by all conversion steps until the product (in our case: staple fibres) is delivered at the factory gate for further processing. The use phase and disposal phase of the product are omitted in this case.

14 ISO Standards for LCA LCA has been standardized by the International Standardization Organization (ISO) in the ISO series, namely: ISO 14040: Principles and framework ISO 14041: Goal and Scope definition and inventory analysis ISO 14042: Life Cycle Impact assessment ISO 14043: Interpretation ISO 14044: Requirements and guidelines

15 Four Steps of a LCA Study 1. Defining the goal and scope of the study 2. Making a model of the product life cycle with all the environmental inputs and outputs (Life cycle inventory) 3. Understanding the environmental relevance of all the inputs and outputs (Life cycle impact assessment) 4. The interpretation of the study

16 METHODOLOGY

17 1. Defining the goal and scope of the study The research questions addressed by this study were: 1. What are the environmental impacts of the production of cotton fibres from USA and China, and viscose fibres? 2. Which steps in the process chain contribute most to the overall environmental burden of cotton and viscose fibre production? 3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of cotton fibres from an environmental point of view compared to viscose fibres?

18 Requirements for Data Quality and Reporting Assumptions Coverage: time of data collection, geography, technology Ambitions Precision, completeness, representativity Scientific principles Consistency Reproducibility Documentation of data and sources Uncertainty, sensitivity in results

19 System Boundaries What is included in the analysis, and what is left out?

20 Functional Unit Concept of LCA is to compare on function provided. Need to define comparable systems! In this study impacts were calculated for a functional unit of kg of fibres.

21 2. Making a model of the product life cycle with all environmental inputs and outputs (Life cycle inventory) Data collection The LCI consists of primary and secondary data (in the categories fiber production, textile manufacturing, transportation, garment creation, use, and end-of-life). Primary data are collected through partnerships with researchers, industry, and co-operators, are supplemented with literature. Secondary data are provided by the SimaPro software using the database Ecoinvent 2.2 (e.g., energy production, raw and process materials, transport, and wastewater treatment). These data are used to account for regional differences for similar processes (e.g., cotton fibres production in USA and China). Data integrity is an essential element of an LCI s utility!

22 SimaPro and Ecoinvent SimaPro comes with the full Ecoinvent dataset covering 2500 processes (released in 2003). This database is the result of a very large effort by Swiss institutes.

23 Data Input (cradle-to-gate inventory) Cotton fibres US data: The inventory includes the processes of soil cultivation, sowing, weed control, fertilization, pest and pathogen control, irrigation, harvest and ginning. Machine infrastructure is included. Inputs of fertilizers, pesticides and seed as well as their transports to the farm are considered. The direct emissions on the field are also included. The system boundary is at the farm gate. Raw cotton is separated into cotton fibres and cottonseed. China data: The inventory includes the cultivation of cotton upon Chinese standards. Included steps are soil cultivation, pesticides fertilization (mineral fertilizer), harvest, loading for transport and extraction of the fibres in a gin plant. Viscose fibres (from trees to viscose fibres) This module includes the production of sulphate pulp with the TCF bleaching process - including transports to the pulp mill, wood handling, chemical pulping and bleaching, drying process, energy production on-site, recovery cycles of chemicals and internal waste water treatment. The inventory includes the transformation of sulphate pulp to spinnable viscose. Geography: Data are from an Austrian company having production sites in different countries, so the data can be taken as an global average.

24 3. Understanding the environmental relevance of all the inputs and outputs (Life cycle impact assessment) Environmental impact categories Impact category Unit (equivalents) Substances included (eq. factor) Climate change kg CO 2 eq CO 2 (1), N 2 O (298), CH 4 (25), etc. Ozone depletion kg CFC-11 eq CH 4, ethane, HC, etc. Human toxicity kg 1,4-DB eq Heavy metals, toxic compounds, etc. Photochemical oxidant formation kg NMVOC Non-methane volatile organic compounds Particulate matter formation kg PM 10 eq Ammonia, NOx, SO 2, particulates Ionising radiation kg U235 eq Radioactive isotopes Terrestrial acidification kg SO 2 eq SO 2, NOx, NH 4 Freshwater eutrophication kg P eq P, PO 4 Marine eutrophication kg N eq Ammonia, ammonium, nitrate, N, NOx, etc. Terrestrial ecotoxicity kg 1,4-DB eq Heavy metals, toxic compounds, etc. Freshwater ecotoxicity kg 1,4-DB eq Heavy metals, toxic compounds, etc. Marine ecotoxicity kg 1,4-DB eq Heavy metals, toxic compounds, etc. Water depletion m 3 Ground and surface water

25 RESULTS

26 4. The interpretation of the study SimaPro process network

27 Environmental Impact Categories

28 kg 1,4-DB eq Human Toxicity Mercury Cadmium Phosphorus Phosphorus Arsenic Lead Arsenic, ion Vanadium Zinc Aldicarb Viscose fibres, at plant/glo U Cotton fibres, ginned, at farm/us U Cotton fibres, ginned, at farm/cn U

29 kg 1,4-DB eq Terrestrial Ecotoxicity Cypermethrin Aldicarb Diuron Phosphorus Remaining substances Viscose fibres, at plant/glo U Cotton fibres, ginned, at farm/us U Cotton fibres, ginned, at farm/cn U

30 kg 1,4-DB eq Freshwater Ecotoxicity Phosphorus Cypermethrin Aldicarb Nickel, ion Viscose fibres, at plant/glo U Cotton fibres, ginned, at farm/us U Cotton fibres, ginned, at farm/cn U

31 CONCLUSIONS

32 LCA can identify processes that have large impacts on the environment, thereby helping to improve production. While most often focused on, green house gas (GHG) emissions is not necessarily the most important environmental impact category in any study. From this study we can conclude that the use of pesticides in the US cotton fibres production should be reduced. Chinese cotton fibres production leads to 13 % higher GHG emissions than US cotton fibres production and consumes almost 5 times as much water. Viscose fibres production leads to 51 % higher GHG emissions than US cotton fibres production. Need to define comparable systems / processes! The better the quality of the input data, the better results you will get. In many cases this implies that you have to find data yourself and add them to the Ecoinvent database (because the existing data are either missing or incomplete).

33 THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTATION! Photo: Daniel Flø, Norwegian forest and landscape institute

LCA Modeling for Building Construction Processes

LCA Modeling for Building Construction Processes 1 LCA Modeling for Building Construction Processes Ya Hong Dong, S. Thomas Ng Department of Civil Engineering The University of Hong Kong 2 Outline Background Life cycle assessment Environmental modeling

More information

A LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY TO SUIT THE APPAREL INDUSTRY

A LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY TO SUIT THE APPAREL INDUSTRY A LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY TO SUIT THE APPAREL INDUSTRY Tharaka Thilina Muthukumarana (118312G) Degree of Master of Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Moratuwa Sri

More information

Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts

Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts ISO 14044 Compliant Prepared by: AquAeTer, Inc. Treated Wood Council (2013) Conclusions and Summary Report

More information

A case study on multi-impact life cycle assessment of coffee alternatives

A case study on multi-impact life cycle assessment of coffee alternatives A case study on multi-impact life cycle assessment of coffee alternatives Sebastien Humbert*, Vincent Rossi, Manuele Margni, Olivier Jolliet, Carole Dubois, Jon Dettling, Yves Loerincik *sebastien.humbert@quantis-intl.com,

More information

Costs of air pollution from European industrial facilities 2008 2012 an updated assessment

Costs of air pollution from European industrial facilities 2008 2012 an updated assessment Costs of air pollution from European industrial facilities 2008 2012 an updated assessment Summary In 2012, air pollution from European industrial facilities cost at least EUR 59 billion (and up to EUR

More information

Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe a summary for policymakers

Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe a summary for policymakers Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe a summary for policymakers A new European Environment Agency (EEA report, Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial

More information

COUPLING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND PROCESS SIMULATION TO EVALUATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS

COUPLING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND PROCESS SIMULATION TO EVALUATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS COUPLING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND PROCESS SIMULATION TO EVALUATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF PLASTICS WASTE MANAGEMENT: APPLICATION TO PET BOTTLES RECOVERY LCA SRCR 14 12-13 June 2014, Falmouth Amélie

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Swiss Chocolate

Life Cycle Assessment of Swiss Chocolate Life Cycle Assessment of Swiss Chocolate Niels Jungbluth, Alex König, ESU-services Ltd, Zürich SETAC Europe 24th Annual Meeting Bale, 15 th May 2014 E S U Key questions What are the differences between

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Newsprint Distribution at an Integrated Mill. Erica Salazar, M.Sc.A. (P2004)

Life Cycle Assessment of Newsprint Distribution at an Integrated Mill. Erica Salazar, M.Sc.A. (P2004) Life Cycle Assessment of Newsprint Distribution at an Integrated Mill Erica Salazar, M.Sc.A. (P2004) Introduction Life Cycle Thinking is being promoted among different sectors involved in product chains.

More information

Synthetic Fabric vs. Natural Fabric

Synthetic Fabric vs. Natural Fabric Synthetic Fabric vs. Natural Fabric Many people have been advertizing the benefits of natural fibers and how much less destructive they are for the environment. From wool to cotton to bamboo and even hemp,

More information

A clean energy solution from cradle to grave

A clean energy solution from cradle to grave Environmental Product Declaration A clean energy solution from cradle to grave Offshore wind power plant employing SWT-6.0-154 siemens.com / wind 2 Assessing the performance of a wind power plant The environmental

More information

General Structure of Life Cycle Impact Assessment Lecture. Mark Huijbregts Department of Environmental science Radboud University

General Structure of Life Cycle Impact Assessment Lecture. Mark Huijbregts Department of Environmental science Radboud University General Structure of Life Cycle Impact Assessment Lecture Mark Huijbregts Department of Environmental science Radboud University Topics Life cycle impact assessment structure Simple vs complex LCIA methods

More information

B Resource Guide: Conducting a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

B Resource Guide: Conducting a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) What s in this Guide: I. Definition: What is a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)? II. Why Conduct an LCA III. Examples of LCAs IV. Conducting Your Own LCA V. Outsourcing Your LCA VI. Helpful Websites I. Definition:

More information

An Introduction to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

An Introduction to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) An Introduction to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Alissa Kendall, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering University of California, Davis Nick Santero, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Scholar Civil

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination

Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination Erin Lyons, Peng Zhang, Troy Benn, Miles Costanza, Ke Li, John Crittenden Department of Civil and Environmental

More information

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description Birmingham City University / Students Union and Impacts Register Waste Production of non - hazardous waste Production of hazardous waste Storage of non - hazardous waste Potential for waste to be disposed

More information

LCA of biofuels: developments and constraints

LCA of biofuels: developments and constraints LCA of biofuels: developments and constraints Dr. Julio C. Sacramento Rivero Faculty of Chemical Engineering Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan 1 Contents Scope of this presentation Brief overview of LCA

More information

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ARMAFORM PET

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ARMAFORM PET In this analysis the environmental impact of ArmaFORM has been evaluated by the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method. The results prove that the environmental benefits of ArmaFORM GR, which is 100 made of

More information

The advantages of generic LCA tools for agriculture: examples SALCAcrop and SALCAfarm

The advantages of generic LCA tools for agriculture: examples SALCAcrop and SALCAfarm Federal Department of Economic Affairs FDEA Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART The advantages of generic LCA tools for agriculture: examples SALCAcrop and SALCAfarm Thomas Nemecek Ruth Freiermuth

More information

Environmental Product Declaration

Environmental Product Declaration Environmental Product Declaration PVDF-System According to EN 15804 Circling and distribution of purified water in a pharmaceutical plant Georg Fischer Piping Systems Ltd. Ebnatstrasse 111 CH-8201 Schaffhausen

More information

COMPARATIVE PRODUCT LIFECYCLE ASSESSMENT NIKE, Inc. Product Comparisons

COMPARATIVE PRODUCT LIFECYCLE ASSESSMENT NIKE, Inc. Product Comparisons COMPARATIVE PRODUCT LIFECYCLE ASSESSMENT NIKE, Inc. Product Comparisons A footprint includes many different kinds of impacts that must be measured through the scientific evaluation of all processes and

More information

NETL Life Cycle Inventory Data Process Documentation File

NETL Life Cycle Inventory Data Process Documentation File NETL Life Cycle Inventory Data Process Documentation File Process Name: Uranium Open Pit Mining and Milling, Operations Reference Flow: 1 kg of Uranium Yellowcake (U 3 O 8 ) Brief Description: This process

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOMACORC WINE CLOSURES

ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOMACORC WINE CLOSURES ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOMACORC WINE CLOSURES EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Study conducted for s European and American facilities for the years 2008 and 2011. All calculated or aggregated results

More information

LCA approaches for quantifying the environmental impact of plastics in the marine environment

LCA approaches for quantifying the environmental impact of plastics in the marine environment LCA approaches for quantifying the environmental impact of plastics in the marine environment Summary Graduation Project Report by Otto Faasse from Avans University of Applied Science, Breda IVAM UvA BV

More information

Screening Study of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the Electric Kettle with SimaPro Software***

Screening Study of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the Electric Kettle with SimaPro Software*** GEOMATICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Volume 5 Number 3 2011 Katarzyna Grzesik*, Kinga Guca** Screening Study of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the Electric Kettle with SimaPro Software*** 1. Introduction

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Deinked and Virgin Pulp FINAL

Life Cycle Assessment of Deinked and Virgin Pulp FINAL Life Cycle Assessment of Deinked and Virgin Pulp Prepared for: National Geographic Washington DC Prepared by: ENVIRON International Corporation Denver, CO Date: November 2012 Project Number: 3224568B 1

More information

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Levi Strauss & Co. Life Cycle Approach to Examine the Environmental Performance of its Products Levi Strauss & Co. (LS&Co.) is focused on building sustainability into everything we do. In 2007 LS&Co. commissioned

More information

Original Research Life Cycle Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Comparison of Results Using Different LCA Models

Original Research Life Cycle Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Comparison of Results Using Different LCA Models Pol. J. Environ. Stud. Vol. 24, No. 1 (2015), 125-140 DOI: 10.15244/pjoes/26960 Original Research Life Cycle Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Comparison of Results Using Different LCA Models

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of a GORE branded waterproof, windproof and breathable jacket. Summary report

Life Cycle Assessment of a GORE branded waterproof, windproof and breathable jacket. Summary report Life Cycle Assessment of a GORE branded waterproof, windproof and breathable jacket. Summary report Study according to DIN EN ISO 4040 W.L Gore & Associates Fabrics division is committed to using sound

More information

Life Cycle Assessment and Forest Products: A White Paper

Life Cycle Assessment and Forest Products: A White Paper Life Cycle Assessment and Forest Products: A White Paper September 2010 Life Cycle Assessment and Forest Products: A White Paper Table of Contents Executive Summary... 2 What is LCA?... 3 A Standardized,

More information

Techno-economic and ecological evaluation of a wood biorefinery

Techno-economic and ecological evaluation of a wood biorefinery Techno-economic and ecological evaluation of a wood biorefinery Martina Haase 1, Magnus Fröhling 1, Jörg Schweinle 2, Birgit Himmelreich 3 1) Industrial Production, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 2) Johann

More information

Legrand's environmental commitments

Legrand's environmental commitments 128 Av. du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny 87045 Limoges Cedex - France Tel.: 05 55 06 87 87 - Fax: 05 55 06 88 88 i Your usual Sales office Website www.legrand.fr Product Environmental Profile plate and

More information

Legrand's environmental commitments

Legrand's environmental commitments VDI enclosure 128, Av. du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny 87045 Limoges cedex - France Tel: +33 (0)5 55 06 87 87 Fax: +33 (0)5 55 06 88 88 i Your usual Sales office Website: www.legrand.fr This document

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL Product Declaration as per ISO 14025 and EN 15804. Akçansa Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Portland Cement CEM I 42.

ENVIRONMENTAL Product Declaration as per ISO 14025 and EN 15804. Akçansa Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Portland Cement CEM I 42. ENVIRONMENTAL Product Declaration as per ISO 14025 and EN 15804 Owner of the Declaration Programme holder Institut Bauen und Umwelt e.v. (IBU) Publisher Institut Bauen und Umwelt e.v. (IBU) Declaration

More information

CM4310 Chemical Process Safety/Environment. Life Cycle Assessment: Chapter 13

CM4310 Chemical Process Safety/Environment. Life Cycle Assessment: Chapter 13 CM4310 Chemical Process Safety/Environment Life Cycle Assessment: Chapter 13 David R. Shonnard Department of Chemical Engineering Michigan Technological University 1 Presentation Outline Why is LCA Important

More information

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF CHOCOLATE PRODUCED IN GHANA

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF CHOCOLATE PRODUCED IN GHANA LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF CHOCOLATE PRODUCED IN GHANA GEORGE AFRANE Koforidua Polytechnic Koforidua, Ghana AUGUSTINE NTIAMOAH Department of Chemical Engineering Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology,

More information

Levi Strauss & Co. San Francisco, CA March 2009

Levi Strauss & Co. San Francisco, CA March 2009 Levi Strauss & Co. San Francisco, CA March 2009 1 Why a Product-Lifecycle Approach? In 2006, we had several programs in place to address environmental impacts associated with the production of our products

More information

How to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by using co-products arising from palm oil production

How to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by using co-products arising from palm oil production ifeu Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg How to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by using co-products arising from palm oil production Nils Rettenmaier, Heiko Keller & Guido A. Reinhardt

More information

Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts

Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts Julian Chow United Nations Statistics Division 1 st Sub-Regional Course on SEEA 23-27 September 2013 Malaysia SEEA Conceptual Framework Outside territory

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION as per ISO 14025 and EN 15804

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION as per ISO 14025 and EN 15804 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION as per ISO 14025 and EN 15804 Owner of the Declaration EGE PROFİL Tic. ve San. A.Ş. Programme holder Institut Bauen und Umwelt e.v. (IBU) Publisher Institut Bauen und

More information

Carbon Sequestration Tool Background and User Guide

Carbon Sequestration Tool Background and User Guide Carbon Sequestration Tool Background and User Guide Table of Contents Quick Start Methodology Content of Worksheets Frequently Asked Questions Quick Start 1. Determine which of the two carbon tools you

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of a High-Density Datacenter Cooling System: TeliaSonera s Green Room Concept

Life Cycle Assessment of a High-Density Datacenter Cooling System: TeliaSonera s Green Room Concept Life Cycle Assessment of a High-Density Datacenter Cooling System: TeliaSonera s Green Room Concept Felipe B Oliveira Master of Science Thesis Stockholm, 2012 KTH, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan Department

More information

White Paper Life Cycle Assessment and Product Carbon Footprint

White Paper Life Cycle Assessment and Product Carbon Footprint White Paper Life Cycle Assessment and Product Carbon Footprint Fujitsu ESPRIMO E9900 Desktop PC Climate change is one of the most important global challenges that society of the 21st century faces. According

More information

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Framework for Sukker Production (Raw Sugar Production)

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Framework for Sukker Production (Raw Sugar Production) International Journal of Environmental Engineering and Management. ISSN 2231-1319, Volume 4, Number 5 (2013), pp. 499-506 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/ ijeem.htm Environmental

More information

Zinkbolt. ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION in accordance with ISO 14025, ISO 21930 and EN 15804 Owner of the declaration:

Zinkbolt. ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION in accordance with ISO 14025, ISO 21930 and EN 15804 Owner of the declaration: ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION in accordance with ISO 14025, ISO 21930 and EN 15804 Owner of the declaration: Program operator: Publisher: Declaration number: ECO Platform reference number: 00000280

More information

First an audience straw poll. My level of understanding of LCA is based on having

First an audience straw poll. My level of understanding of LCA is based on having Hitchhikers, Star Wars and puzzles all you need to know about Life Cycle Assessment Workshop 214-5-27 Greg Peters - Sandra Roos - Gustav Sandin Albertsson First an audience straw poll. My level of understanding

More information

About the guide. Page 1

About the guide. Page 1 Contents About the guide...1 What is in the guide?... 2 Overview of sustainability issues...3 Process flow...4 Value chain issues... 4 Risk rating of sustainability issues in the process flow...6 Metal

More information

Printed circuit board [EDP 2005-108(0)]

Printed circuit board [EDP 2005-108(0)] Printed circuit board [EDP 2005-108(0)] 1. General 1.1. Scope and definition This requirement specifies technical considerations, declaration format and communication necessary for developing and issuing

More information

Glasopor 10-60 (Cellular glass aggregate) Product

Glasopor 10-60 (Cellular glass aggregate) Product 1114 Ver. 2:214 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION In accordance with ISO 1425 ISO 2193 EN 1584 Publisher The Norwegian EPD Foundation Declaration number NEPD15E Rev 1 27.1.214 Issue date 27.1.219 Valid

More information

GYPSUM ASSOCIATION LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY

GYPSUM ASSOCIATION LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY GYPSUM ASSOCIATION LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY GYPSUM ASSOCIATION The Gypsum Association (GA) is an international, not-for-profit trade association that is tax exempt under Section 501 (c) 6 of the Internal

More information

The BOMBARDIER* REGINA*

The BOMBARDIER* REGINA* TALENT 2 REGINA Intercity X55 Environmental Product Declaration Environmental Product Declaration The BOMBARDIER* REGINA* Intercity X55 train reflects our dedication to developing products and services

More information

CONTRACT. LCA of food transports and tomato production. A comparison of different food transport scenarios, including production of tomatoes 3P00017

CONTRACT. LCA of food transports and tomato production. A comparison of different food transport scenarios, including production of tomatoes 3P00017 CONTRACT 3P17 LCA of food transports and tomato production A comparison of different food transport scenarios, including production of tomatoes Christoffer Krewer, Andreas Emanuelsson, Gustaf Zettergren

More information

Product Environmental Profile Step Down Transformers

Product Environmental Profile Step Down Transformers Product Environmental Profile Step Down Transformers Product overview Step-down transformers are used to convert a higher input voltage (208-200 V) to a lower output voltage (120-100 V). They are used

More information

Title: A Practical Methodology for Biorefinery Product Chain Environmental Analysis Using Life Cycle Assessment

Title: A Practical Methodology for Biorefinery Product Chain Environmental Analysis Using Life Cycle Assessment PROJECT 2-3.29 Title: A Practical Methodology for Biorefinery Product Chain Environmental Analysis Using Life Cycle Assessment Project Start Date: July 01, 2013 Estimated Completion Date: June 30, 2014

More information

Emission inventory system in Latvia

Emission inventory system in Latvia Emission inventory system in Latvia Agita Gancone Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre 28-29 September, Ankara Content Some information about Latvia, Legal background; Roles; Resources;

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Reusable and Single-use Plastic Bags in California

Life Cycle Assessment of Reusable and Single-use Plastic Bags in California California State University, Chico Institute for Sustainable Development Life Cycle Assessment of Reusable and Single-use Plastic Bags in California January 2011 Produced under contract by: California

More information

A Comparative Life Cycle Analysis:

A Comparative Life Cycle Analysis: A Comparative Life Cycle Analysis: Natural Fur and Faux Fur Submitted to International Fur Trade Federation Submitted by DSS Management Consultants Inc. October, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION...

More information

www.pwc.com IEMA The Importance of Due Diligence Auditing in the transition to a Sustainable Economy Mark Thompson 9 December 2014

www.pwc.com IEMA The Importance of Due Diligence Auditing in the transition to a Sustainable Economy Mark Thompson 9 December 2014 www.pwc.com IEMA The Importance of Due Diligence Auditing in the transition to a Sustainable Economy Mark Thompson 9 December 2014 Objectives The webinar should help you to understand: the types of transactions

More information

IDENTIFICATION OF KEY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES FOR BUILDING MATERIALS

IDENTIFICATION OF KEY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES FOR BUILDING MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION OF KEY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES FOR BUILDING MATERIALS Seongwon Seo 1, Selwyn N. Tucker 1 and Delwyn G. Jones 2 Abstract Manufacture, construction and use of buildings and building materials

More information

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Tool. for Commercial Building Developments in Hong Kong

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Tool. for Commercial Building Developments in Hong Kong Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Tool for Commercial Building Developments in Hong Kong FORWARD Forward 2002, the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department In (EMSD) of the HKSAR

More information

NOTE: 08/2014 revision corrects issues related allocation & slag and fly ash within the Int. EPD PCR evaluation.

NOTE: 08/2014 revision corrects issues related allocation & slag and fly ash within the Int. EPD PCR evaluation. Comparison of Concrete PCRs-Rev 1 This comparison of three Concrete PCRs: versions 1.0 and 1.1 of the Carbon Leadership Forum PCR and version 1.0 of the International EPD system PCR was prepared by K.

More information

Environmental Product Declaration EPD

Environmental Product Declaration EPD Environmental Product Declaration EPD May 2014 EPD The company Europrofil AB, founded 1982, is the leading producer of light gauge steel profiles for the building construction industry. Headquarters and

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Paper Products: Part Three The Carbon Footprint of Sappi s Somerset Mill and the Impact of Recycled Fiber

Life Cycle Assessment of Paper Products: Part Three The Carbon Footprint of Sappi s Somerset Mill and the Impact of Recycled Fiber eq Insights Volume 4.3/October2013 Life Cycle Assessment of Paper Products: Part Three The Carbon Footprint of Sappi s Somerset Mill and the Impact of Recycled Fiber This brief is provided to offer guidance

More information

LCA: a decision-making tool for recycling processes in textile industry

LCA: a decision-making tool for recycling processes in textile industry LCA: a decision-making tool for recycling processes in textile industry Sandrine Pesnel 1, * and Anne Perwuelz 1,2 1 Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Industries Textiles (ENSAIT), Laboratoire de

More information

EMISSIONS OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN THE UK, 1970 TO 2014

EMISSIONS OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN THE UK, 1970 TO 2014 STATISTICAL RELEASE: 17 DECEMBER 2015 EMISSIONS OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN THE UK, 1970 TO 2014 There has been a long term decrease in the emissions of all of the air pollutants covered by this statistical release

More information

Software Integration of Life Cycle Assessment and Economic Analysis for Process Evaluation

Software Integration of Life Cycle Assessment and Economic Analysis for Process Evaluation Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Process Systems Engineering (PSE ASIA) 25-27 June 2013, Kuala Lumpur. Software Integration of Life Cycle Assessment and Economic Analysis for Process

More information

Glasopor 10-60 (Cellular glass aggregate) Product

Glasopor 10-60 (Cellular glass aggregate) Product 1114 Ver. 2:214 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION In accordance with ISO 1425 ISO 2193 EN 1584 Publisher The Norwegian EPD Foundation NEPD28E Declaration number 27.1.214 Issue date 27.1.219 Valid to epd-norge

More information

ACCOUNTING FOR ASIA S NATURAL CAPITAL

ACCOUNTING FOR ASIA S NATURAL CAPITAL ACCOUNTING FOR S NATURAL CAPITAL DRIVING THE TRANSITION TO A RESOURCE-EFFICIENT GREEN ECONOMY Asia s rapid economic growth during recent decades has been accompanied by serious depletion of the region

More information

THE ACCOR GROUP S ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT: AN APPLICATION OF LIFE-CYLE APPROACH TO ASSESS AND MONITOR AN ORGANIZATION ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE

THE ACCOR GROUP S ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT: AN APPLICATION OF LIFE-CYLE APPROACH TO ASSESS AND MONITOR AN ORGANIZATION ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE THE ACCOR GROUP S ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT: AN APPLICATION OF LIFE-CYLE APPROACH TO ASSESS AND MONITOR AN ORGANIZATION ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE FLOC H Emilie, LEFEVRE Clément PwC Abstract This paper presents

More information

Final Report. Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Aluminum Beverage Cans. Aluminum Association, Inc. Washington, D.C. PE Americas.

Final Report. Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Aluminum Beverage Cans. Aluminum Association, Inc. Washington, D.C. PE Americas. May 21, 2010 Final Report Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Aluminum Beverage Cans Prepared for: Aluminum Association, Inc. Washington, D.C. Prepared by: Contact: Nuno da Silva Neil d Souza 344 Boylston

More information

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment PSE 476/WPS 576/WPS

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment PSE 476/WPS 576/WPS Environmental Life Cycle Assessment PSE 476/WPS 576/WPS 595-005 Lecture 11: TRACI Impact Assessment Method Richard Venditti Fall 2012 Richard A. Venditti Forest Biomaterials North Carolina State University

More information

PCR: NPCR010 Building boards

PCR: NPCR010 Building boards ENVIRONMENTAL DECLARATION, ISO 14025 & ISO 21930 Gyproc Plasterboard 12,5 mm, GN13 NEPD NO: 223E Approved according to ISO14025, 8.1.4: 11.11.2011 Valid until : 11.11.2016 Verification of data: Independent

More information

READING GUIDE FOR THE REPOSITORY ON SHOES BP X30-323-1. Contents. Introduction 2

READING GUIDE FOR THE REPOSITORY ON SHOES BP X30-323-1. Contents. Introduction 2 READING GUIDE FOR THE REPOSITORY ON SHOES BP X30-323-1 Contents Introduction 2 Background 2 Environmental labelling principles 2 Objective of the reading guide 2 Presentation of the product covered by

More information

FINAL REPORT LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY OF PLASTIC FABRICATION PROCESSES: INJECTION MOLDING AND THERMOFORMING

FINAL REPORT LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY OF PLASTIC FABRICATION PROCESSES: INJECTION MOLDING AND THERMOFORMING FINAL REPORT LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY OF PLASTIC FABRICATION PROCESSES: INJECTION MOLDING AND THERMOFORMING SUBMITTED TO: RIGID PLASTIC PACKAGING GROUP (RPPG) SUBMITTED BY: FRANKLIN ASSOCIATES, A DIVISION

More information

Can ISO standards on LCA support full harmonization? Kurt Buxmann Zürich, Sept. 9, 2014

Can ISO standards on LCA support full harmonization? Kurt Buxmann Zürich, Sept. 9, 2014 Can ISO standards on LCA support full harmonization? Kurt Buxmann Zürich, Sept. 9, 2014 ISO Standards on LCA History and First Generation 1985 1990: Different approaches to quantify environmental issues

More information

The Contribution of the Integrated Management System for Packaging Waste for Sustainable Development in Portugal JLetras Nov. 2013

The Contribution of the Integrated Management System for Packaging Waste for Sustainable Development in Portugal JLetras Nov. 2013 The Contribution of the Integrated Management System for Packaging Waste for Sustainable Development in Portugal JLetras Nov. 2013 OUTLINE Objectives and Scope Environmental Assessment Economic Assessment

More information

Development of a regionalized agricultural production inventory

Development of a regionalized agricultural production inventory Federal Department of Economic Affairs FDEA Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART Development of a regionalized agricultural production inventory Thomas Nemecek, Anne Roches, Katharina Plassmann,

More information

EMISSIONS OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN THE UK, 1970 TO 2010 SUPPLEMENTARY

EMISSIONS OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN THE UK, 1970 TO 2010 SUPPLEMENTARY STATISTICAL RELEASE: 14 February 2012 EMISSIONS OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN THE UK, 1970 TO 2010 SUPPLEMENTARY Emissions of twenty-six reported air pollutants have shown long-term improvement, with large reductions

More information

A practical guide to LCA. for students. designers and business managers. Cradle-to-Grave and Cradle-to-Cradle

A practical guide to LCA. for students. designers and business managers. Cradle-to-Grave and Cradle-to-Cradle A practical guide to LCA for students designers and business managers Cradle-to-Grave and Cradle-to-Cradle The cover photo is part of the Design Cork book and project (www. designcork. com), directed by

More information

Review of Life Cycle Assessments of Clothing

Review of Life Cycle Assessments of Clothing Mistra Future Fashion Review of Life Cycle Assessments of Clothing 21 October 2010 Dr Adrian Chapman, Oakdene Hollins Research & Consulting Mistra has commissioned this report in the planning process of

More information

NEPD nr.: 221E ver 2.1. The declaration has been prepared by Thale Plesser, SINTEF Building and Infrastructure

NEPD nr.: 221E ver 2.1. The declaration has been prepared by Thale Plesser, SINTEF Building and Infrastructure Environmental Product Declaration ISO 14025, EN 15804 NEPD nr.: 221E ver 2.1 Glava glass wool Approved according to ISO 14025:2006, 8.1.4 and NS-EN 15804:2012 Approved: ϭϭ.ϭϭ.2013 Valid until: ϭϭ.ϭϭ.2018

More information

Status of the World s Soil Resources

Status of the World s Soil Resources 5 December 2015 Status of the World s Soil Resources The Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS), the main scientific advisory body to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) hosted by the Food and

More information

An environmental comparison of paper and plastic labels. Chris Edwards & Gary Parker Intertek Expert Services

An environmental comparison of paper and plastic labels. Chris Edwards & Gary Parker Intertek Expert Services An environmental comparison of paper and plastic labels Chris Edwards & Gary Parker Intertek Expert Services Introduction To provide retailers with an understanding of the carbon footprint of paper and

More information

PCR: NPCR010 Building boards

PCR: NPCR010 Building boards ENVIRONMENTAL DECLARATION, ISO 14025 & ISO 21930 Gyproc Rehab 6,5 mm, GSE 6 NEPD NO: 222E Approved according to ISO14025, 8.1.4: 11.11.2011 Valid until : 11.11.2016 Verification of data: Independent verification

More information

THE DESIGNER S CHOICE TO BE MORE SUSTAINABLE. Charlotte Turner The Sustainable Angle

THE DESIGNER S CHOICE TO BE MORE SUSTAINABLE. Charlotte Turner The Sustainable Angle THE DESIGNER S CHOICE TO BE MORE SUSTAINABLE Charlotte Turner The Sustainable Angle The Sustainable Angle Award winning non-profit organisation. Projects to minimize environmental impact of industry. Core

More information

WWF PAPER COMPANY ENVIRONMENTAL INDEX 2015 Pulp/paper company Questionnaire

WWF PAPER COMPANY ENVIRONMENTAL INDEX 2015 Pulp/paper company Questionnaire WWF PAPER COMPANY ENVIRONMENTAL INDEX 2015 Pulp/paper company Questionnaire For each paper category a questionnaire was filled out. SECTION 1: HOW RESPONSIBLE ARE THE WOOD FIBRES USED FOR THIS PRODUCT

More information

GE Healthcare Life Sciences. An environmental life cycle assessment comparison of single-use and conventional bioprocessing technology

GE Healthcare Life Sciences. An environmental life cycle assessment comparison of single-use and conventional bioprocessing technology GE Healthcare Life Sciences An environmental life cycle assessment comparison of single-use and conventional bioprocessing technology An environmental life cycle assessment comparison of single-use and

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question1 Read the following article from the Fremont Gazette and answer the questions that follow. (a) Identify and describe TWO water-related environmental

More information

XIVIA XYLITOL White PAPER. Sustainable and substantiated For more sustainable, healthier products

XIVIA XYLITOL White PAPER. Sustainable and substantiated For more sustainable, healthier products XIVIA XYLITOL White PAPER Sustainable and substantiated For more sustainable, healthier products DuPont commitment to sustainability Over the last decade DuPont has proven to be a sustainability leader,

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINE

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINE 1. Introduction This guideline follows the Implementation Rules for Company Environmental

More information

Product Environmental Assessment Activities in Taiwan

Product Environmental Assessment Activities in Taiwan Product Environmental Assessment Activities in Taiwan Jet Wu Taiwan Environmental Management Association November 25, 2014 Taiwan Environmental Management Association Established 1998 Focus on Promote

More information

Category 5: Waste Generated in Operations

Category 5: Waste Generated in Operations 5 Category 5: Waste Generated in Operations Category description C ategory 5 includes emissions from third-party disposal and treatment of waste generated in the reporting company s owned or controlled

More information

Life Cycle Inventory Packaging Options for Shipping Soft Goods in E-Commerce and Catalog Sales

Life Cycle Inventory Packaging Options for Shipping Soft Goods in E-Commerce and Catalog Sales Packaging Waste Reduction Life Cycle Inventory Packaging Options for Shipping Soft Goods in E-Commerce and Catalog Sales Businesses, individuals, and governments shipping non-breakable items via a common

More information

The new Audi TT Coupé. Life Cycle Assessment

The new Audi TT Coupé. Life Cycle Assessment The new Audi TT Coupé Life Cycle Assessment Content Foreword Life cycle assessment what s involved Life cycle assessment the boundaries Life cycle assessment the effect categories Lightweight construction

More information

GaBi EDU. Handbook to Explain LCA Using the GaBi EDU Software Package

GaBi EDU. Handbook to Explain LCA Using the GaBi EDU Software Package GaBi EDU Handbook to Explain LCA Using the GaBi EDU Software Package Title of the Study: Client: August 2009 Authors: Matt VanDuinen Nicole Deisl PE AMERICAS LLC 344 Boylston Street, 3 rd Floor Boston,

More information

BASIS cement ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION. Aalborg Portland A/S ISO 14025 ISO 21930 EN 15804. The Norwegian EPD Foundation 07.02.2013 07.02.

BASIS cement ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION. Aalborg Portland A/S ISO 14025 ISO 21930 EN 15804. The Norwegian EPD Foundation 07.02.2013 07.02. 17.12.213 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION ISO 1425 ISO 2193 EN 1584 Owner of the declaration Program holder Publisher Declaration number Issue date Valid to NEPD-161E 7.2.213 7.2.218 BASIS cement CEM

More information

Paroc Insulation, product group with density <70 kg/m³ Product

Paroc Insulation, product group with density <70 kg/m³ Product 1114 Ver. 2:2014 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION ISO 14025 ISO 21930 EN 15804 Owner of the declaration Publisher Declaration number Issue date Valid to epd-norge logo Paroc AB The Norwegian EPD Foundation

More information

Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment Life Cycle Assessment ENERG-ICE, a new polyurethane foam technology for the cold appliance industry Commissioned by the Dow Italia & Dow Polyurethanes business unit With the support of LIFE08 ENV/IT 000411

More information

Water Footprint Project

Water Footprint Project Water Footprint Project Sonia Valdivia Guido Sonnemann UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative UNEP DTIE SCP Branch UNEP-SBCI Symposium on Sustainable Buildings Paris, France: May 19-20, 2010 Outline Introduction

More information

Carbon Footprinting of Information Technology Products based on ISO standards

Carbon Footprinting of Information Technology Products based on ISO standards Carbon Footprinting of Information Technology Products based on ISO standards Corporate Quality 1 Copyright 2011 FUJITSU Content Introduction Standards Approach Results Limitations Conclusions 2 Copyright

More information