Cyberinfrastructure in Brazil. S. F. Novaes UNESP

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1 Cyberinfrastructure in Brazil S. F. Novaes UNESP

2 National Research Network Provides Interstate connection nationwide International connection Internet2, GÉANT, APAN, RedCLARA Commodity connections Supports the development of advanced networking Operates 2 X 155 (Rio) commodity internet to Miami 155 Mbps via RedCLARA (SP) to LA & Europe S. F. Novaes 2

3 National Backbone S. F. Novaes 3

4 RNP Testbed: : The Giga Project Advanced networking testbed for development and demonstration purposes Explore user control of optical fibre infrastructure Interconnect 18 academic R&D centres in S.E. Brazil Use of IP/DWDM with Ethernet framing Support R&D subprojects in optical and IP networking technology and advanced applications like HEP Partnership between RNP (Brazilian NREN) CPqD (telco industry R&D centre in Campinas, SP) R&D community in industry and universities Telcos (provide the fiber) Network was inaugurated in May 2004 S. F. Novaes 4

5 Geographical Distribution Universities IME PUC-Rio UERJ UFF UFRJ Unesp Unicamp USP LNCC R&D Centres CBPF Physics CPqD Telecom CPTEC Meteorology CTA Aerospace Fiocruz Health IMPA Mathematics INPE Space sciences LNCC HPC LNLS Physics CPqD LNLS Unicamp CTA INPE Fapesp Telcos Unesp USP Incor USP C. Univ. CPTEC CBPF LNCC Fiocruz IME IMPA RNP PUC Rio telcos UERJ UFRJ UFF S. F. Novaes 5

6 Giga Network Accesses CAMPINAS CS 52 5,7 Km 0,8 Km 11,4 Km CS ,4 Km RI LNLS CA - BG CA - CT 3,38 Km 2,1 Km 1,4 Km 0,42 Km UNICAMP CA - CE CPqD CA - TQ CA - CB 3,5 Km CS ,8 Km 5,7 Km 6,0 Km CPqD (Rege Scarabucci) August 2004 FIBRA GIGA RIO DE JANEIRO IT ROCHA CS ,2 Km 103,7 Km 17 Km 119 Km 38,4Km 111 Km 8,5 Km 0,35 Km UFRJ FIOCRUZ 2,3 Km 8 Km 0,8 Km RI CRT CS Km PETRÓPOLIS LNCC 0,4 Km CS ,4 Km JAI CG SÃO PAULO 43,9 Km 5,0 Km IT SJ IT LO IT CH IT VR IT BP FCR SS 7,5 Km FAT RP 5,6 Km CER AC 31,4 Km SP LP 8,4 Km 20,5 Km 6 Km IT MF IT LP SP AB 47,3 Km 1,4 Km 9,55 Km 0,2 Km SP PD UERJ 0,22 Km POP RNP POP RNP RJ MAR 2,0 Km 4,0 Km RJ BOT METRÔ P. VARGAS 5,0 Km 4,0 Km 0,43 Km RJ CNN RJ FLO 1,79 Km 24 FO EBT ENCANTADO 17 Km EB MAC 0,15 Km 1,97 Km 4,22 Km 2,51 Km 3,56 Km RJ ARC RJ FLA RJ PRA RI LEME 24,2 Km 2 Km NRI NITERÓI UFF USP 5,6 Km INCOR SP PI 6,4 Km SP JD 5,6 Km 2,1 Km 1,7 Km 8,4 Km CS ,05 Km 24 FO 1,5 Km CBPF RI CBPF 5,0 Km 2,13 Km 3,00 Km 3,19 Km 3,0 Km 0,4 Km RJ LEM RJ CPO RJ IPA RJ LEB RI IME S. F. Novaes 6 IMPA PUC

7 Academic Network at São Paulo (NARA) Connects the academic networks of the São Paulo universities and research institutes 1989: first Brazilian Bitnet access to Fermilab 1991: first Brazilian network connected with Internet 2001: agreement with NSF: connection to STARTAP It was the PoP of RNP at state of São Paulo Association with AMPATH/WHREN/LILA: NSF International Research Network Connections (IRNC) Program. International traffic: 2 Commodity 155 Mbps Global Crossing LA Nautilus 1 Academic connection with 622 Mbps 1.2 Gbps 2.5 Gbps S. F. Novaes 7

8 LA Nautilus LA Nautilus Global Crossing Global Crossing S. F. Novaes 8

9 NARA Backbone S. F. Novaes 9

10 S. F. Novaes 10

11 Barueri USP IFT Cotia S. F. Novaes 11

12 Proposed Connections Miami Cisco São Paulo Cisco NARA switch COTIA BARUERI Red CLARA RedCLARA router RNP switch redundant dark fiber SDH/SONET N x GbE RNP switch RNP router USP S. F. Novaes 12

13 RedeRio S. F. Novaes 13

14 Latin America International Connections

15 Western-Hemisphere Research and Education Networks (WHREN) International Research Network Connections (IRNC) Program from NSF Two components: Western-Hemisphere Research and Education Networks (WHREN) Consortium of the REN s for allocation and scheduling of services Links Interconnecting Latin America (LILA) Operational component of the project. Implementation/Management of the links Organizations from North and South America to leverage the network resources and foster collaborative research and advance education Participating organizations: FIU (Awardee) CENIC (Awardee) NARA (São Paulo) CLARA (Latin America) CUDI (Mexico) RNP (Brazil) REUNA (Chile) S. F. Novaes 15

16 US-Latin America Connectivity before IRNC Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Panama and Venezuela connections through Miami Mexico connections through San Diego and El Paso Peerings with Internet2 through AMPATH, CalREN and UTEP International peerings at STARTAP/Starlight from Miami provided by AMPATH S. F. Novaes 16

17 Current US-Latin America Topology RedCLARA starts in Aug/2004 Brazil/RNP and Chile/REUNA: RedCLARA GEANT US NSF CHEPREO / São Paulo: STM-4 link between US and Brazil Argentina, Panama and Venezuela maintaining direct connections to US through AMPATH Mexico has direct connection to US through UTEP S. F. Novaes 17

18 Links Interconnecting Latin America Increases Miami-São Paulo link from 622 Mbps to 1.2 Gbps Oct Evolving to 2.5 Gbps Establishes a dark fiber segment between San Diego and Tijuana for a 1 Gbps link May 2005 Enables interregional peerings through east and west coasts S. F. Novaes 18

19 LILA Miami-São Paulo link design Abilene Provides dedicated Gig-E interface to NARA AtlanticWave AMPATH 1/10 GigE Switch (Foundry FastIron400) NAP of the Americas - Miami AMPATH Router (Cisco GSR 12012) Provides shared Gig-E interface to CLARA and RNP OC192 GigE GigE LILA-Miami Optical Mux (Cisco ONS 15454) 2 x VC4-4C (2 * 622Mbps = 1.2Gbps) Peering with Internet2 s Abilene and other R&E networks through AMPATH GigE LILA-Brasil Optical Mux (Cisco ONS 15454) NARA router Ethernet switch GigE GigE GigE POP RedCLARA COTIA São Paulo POP RNP USP S. F. Novaes 19

20 US-Latin America Topology: Year 1 LILA links reestablish direct connectivity to South America from East and West coasts Reduces delay from the US and Asia-Pacific to Brazil and Chile S. F. Novaes 20

21 AtlanticWave Complements the PacificWave distributed peering facility on the West coast Joint effort of Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) FIU-AMPATH-CHEPREO Internet Education Equal Access Foundation (IEEAF) Mid-Atlantic Crossroads Gigapop (MAX) Southern Crossroads (SOX) Southern Light Rail (SLR) Manhattan Landing Exchange Point (MANLAN) NARA (partnership) A-Wave will provide a Layer 3 distributed exchange capability S. F. Novaes 21

22 RedCLARA Cooperação Latino Americana de Redes Avançadas (LA Cooperation in Advanced Network) 155 Mbps backbone ring 622 Mbps connection to Europe 4 Mbps satellite link to Cuba LA 155 Mbps (Global Xing + Cisco) Europe 622 Mbps S. F. Novaes 22

23 RedCLARA Routed Network S. F. Novaes 23

24 SPRACE Connection and Bandwidth Usage

25 International Connection S. F. Novaes 25

26 SPRACE UNESP S. F. Novaes 26

27 SuperComputing 2004 Bandwidth Challenge International Collaboration: Caltech, UK, Brazil and Korea S. F. Novaes 27

28 SuperComputing 2004 It was reached a peak of Gbps during the demonstration led by Harvey Newman SPRACE used de new link of AMPATH/ANSP and reached a sustained bandwidth for one hour of 2.93 (1.95( ) ) Gbps Record of data transmission between the South and North hemispheres. S. F. Novaes 28

29 igrid e SC2005 S. F. Novaes 29

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