Butterflies, Condors, and Jelly Rolls: Derivatives Explained

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Butterflies, Condors, and Jelly Rolls: Derivatives Explained"

Transcription

1 Butterflies, Condors, and Jelly Rolls: Derivatives Explained American Translators Association 47 th Annual Conference, New Orleans November 1, 2006 Ralf Lemster 1

2 Derivatives Explained What are derivatives? What are they used for? Challenges for translators Nov. 1,

3 What are derivatives? Definitions Futures/forwards Calls/puts Swaps Exchange-traded vs. OTC Underlying instruments Nov. 1,

4 Definitions A derivative is an instrument whose price is derived from the price of an underlying instrument (such as a reference asset or liability, index, basket, etc.) Nov. 1,

5 Definitions A future/forward is a binding agreement to buy/sell a specified amount [contract size] of an underlying instrument on a future date [settlement/delivery date], at a price agreed upon in advance [forward price]. Nov. 1,

6 Definitions A call option is the right (but not the obligation) to buy a specified amount of an underlying instrument on, or until a future date, at a price defined in advance. Nov. 1,

7 Definitions A call option is the right (but not the obligation) to buy a specified amount of an underlying instrument on, or until a future date, at a price defined in advance. Nov. 1,

8 Definitions A put option is the right (but not the obligation) to sell a specified amount of an underlying instrument on, or until a future date, at a price defined in advance. Nov. 1,

9 Definitions A call (put) option [option type] is the right (but not the obligation) to buy (sell) a specified amount [contract size] of an underlying instrument on, or until [option style] a future date [exercise], at a price defined in advance [exercise price / strike price]. Nov. 1,

10 Definitions A swap is a binding agreement to exchange a stream of cash flows a series of assets or receivables differences in value over a defined term Nov. 1,

11 Definitions An interest rate swap is a binding agreement to exchange a series of different interest payments defined by reference to a notional principal amount over a defined term Nov. 1,

12 Definitions An interest rate swap is a binding agreement to exchange [payer / receiver] a series of different interest payments [fixed vs. floating] [fixed vs. fixed] [cross-currency] defined by reference to a notional principal amount over a defined term Nov. 1,

13 Basic positions Long future Nov. 1,

14 Basic positions Short future Nov. 1,

15 Basic positions Long call Nov. 1,

16 Basic positions Short call Nov. 1,

17 Basic positions Long put Nov. 1,

18 Basic positions Short put Nov. 1,

19 Basic positions Straddle Nov. 1,

20 Basic positions Butterfly Nov. 1,

21 Exchange-traded vs. OTC Exchange-traded derivatives Standardised contracts traded on regulated markets Trading governed by rules and regulations Settlement takes place through a clearing house (often acting as a central counterparty) Benchmark products include contracts on interest rates, equities, equity indices, and currencies (US only) Nov. 1,

22 Exchange-traded vs. OTC Major exchanges Chicago Mercantile Exchange/Chicago Board of Trade (recently announced merger plans) Eurex Euronext.liffe Singapore Exchange Nov. 1,

23 Exchange-traded vs. OTC OTC derivatives Customised contracts traded outside regulated markets Trading governed by market conventions and standard documentation Settlement generally takes place bilaterally there is a growing trend to settle through a clearing house Nov. 1,

24 Exchange-traded vs. OTC OTC derivatives Benchmark OTC markets include contracts on interest rates (swaps, FRAs), equities, equity indices, and currencies (FX forwards) Nov. 1,

25 Underlying instruments Interest rate products Short-term interest rates Medium- to long-term bonds Synthetic swap rates Equity products Single equity issues Equity baskets Equity indices Nov. 1,

26 Underlying instruments Currency products Foreign exchange forwards Cross-currency swaps Credit products Credit default swaps Total return swaps Credit-linked securities Credit index tranches Nov. 1,

27 Underlying instruments Commodity products Precious/base metals Agricultural products Other commodities Nov. 1,

28 Underlying instruments Other products some still being developed Insurance Pollution Weather Real estate Wine Nov. 1,

29 What are derivatives used for? Hedging Trading Arbitrage Nov. 1,

30 Hedging Using derivatives to reduce, contain, or minimise existing or potential risks Selling equity index futures to hedge an existing portfolio of shares Buying fixed-income futures (or entering into a receiver IRS) to hedge the price of an anticipated portfolio purchase Buying put options to hedge the currency risk of an exporter Nov. 1,

31 Hedging Issues Availability of a suitable hedging instrument Mismatch between the maturity of the risk position and the hedge the performance of the risk position and the hedge basis risk Hedging cost Tax and accounting issues Nov. 1,

32 Trading Using derivatives to assume position risk, and to profit from anticipated market movements Benefits of using derivatives for trading: Efficient capital usage Massive liquidity in key products Quick entry and closeout Reliable market prices Nov. 1,

33 Trading Issues Reliability of liquid markets Trading controls Managing exposure Nov. 1,

34 Arbitrage Using derivatives to exploit short-term imbalances between different markets or products Generating a risk-free profit by arbitraging derivatives vs. cash (IRS vs. bonds) derivatives vs. derivatives (same contract on different markets) Nov. 1,

35 Arbitrage Issues Hidden risks (e.g. pin risk ) Trading controls Nov. 1,

36 Challenges for translators Comprehension issues Sources of information Your experience? Nov. 1,

37 Challenges some examples A synthetic short futures position is created by combining a short call with a long put option. Nov. 1,

38 Challenges some examples Option premiums are not paid or collected on sale or purchase respectively, but transferred only on exercise/assignment or on expiration of the contract. Nov. 1,

39 Challenges some examples The buyer of a Vertical Call Spread combination buys component 1, a call option, and sells component 2, a call option with the same underlying instrument and expiration month as component 1, but with a higher exercise price. Nov. 1,

40 Challenges some examples With a barrier cap the additional payment will be made if the trigger level is approached from below, whereas with a barrier floor the additional payment will be made if the trigger level is approached from above. Nov. 1,

41 Challenges some examples Essentially ABC is transferring the major part of the credit risk on the loans in the pool by purchasing credit protection via a Credit Default Swap from DEF, who then in turn purchases credit protection on the reference pool from a number of banks and institutional investors: the m non-funded Super- Senior Tranche (rated AAA/Aaa by S&P and Moody s respectively) has been insured by XYZ, the leading US monoline insurer. Nov. 1,

42 Contact details Ralf Lemster Managing Partner Ralf Lemster Financial Translations GmbH Alt-Sindlingen Frankfurt/Main, Germany Phone Fax Nov. 1,

Note on New Products in F&O Segment. 2. Options Contracts with Longer Life/Tenure. 6. Exchange-traded Currency (Foreign Exchange) F&O Contracts

Note on New Products in F&O Segment. 2. Options Contracts with Longer Life/Tenure. 6. Exchange-traded Currency (Foreign Exchange) F&O Contracts Note on New Products in F&O Segment Contents 1. Mini Contracts in Equity Indices 2. Options Contracts with Longer Life/Tenure 3. Volatility Index and F&O Contracts 4. Options on Futures 5. Bond Index and

More information

Understanding Derivatives: Markets and Infrastructure

Understanding Derivatives: Markets and Infrastructure 01 the-counter Understanding Derivatives: Markets and Infrastructure Derivatives Overview Richard Heckinger, vice president and senior policy advisor, fi nancial markets, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago,

More information

Hedging Strategies Using Futures. Chapter 3

Hedging Strategies Using Futures. Chapter 3 Hedging Strategies Using Futures Chapter 3 Fundamentals of Futures and Options Markets, 8th Ed, Ch3, Copyright John C. Hull 2013 1 The Nature of Derivatives A derivative is an instrument whose value depends

More information

Introduction to swaps

Introduction to swaps Introduction to swaps Steven C. Mann M.J. Neeley School of Business Texas Christian University incorporating ideas from Teaching interest rate and currency swaps" by Keith C. Brown (Texas-Austin) and Donald

More information

SYLLABUS The ACI Dealing Certificate (Prometric Code: 3I0-008)

SYLLABUS The ACI Dealing Certificate (Prometric Code: 3I0-008) SYLLABUS The ACI Dealing Certificate (Prometric Code: 3I0-008) Examination delivered in ENGLISH and GERMAN The ACI Dealing Certificate is a foundation programme that allows candidates to acquire a working

More information

Forwards, Futures and Money Market Hedging. Prof. Ian Giddy New York University. Hedging Transactions Exposure. Ongoing transactions exposure

Forwards, Futures and Money Market Hedging. Prof. Ian Giddy New York University. Hedging Transactions Exposure. Ongoing transactions exposure Forwards, Futures and Money-Market Hedging/1 Forwards, Futures and Money Market Hedging Prof. Ian Giddy New York University Hedging Transactions Exposure Types of exposure One-shot exposure Hedging approaches:

More information

Introduction. Part IV: Option Fundamentals. Derivatives & Risk Management. The Nature of Derivatives. Definitions. Options. Main themes Options

Introduction. Part IV: Option Fundamentals. Derivatives & Risk Management. The Nature of Derivatives. Definitions. Options. Main themes Options Derivatives & Risk Management Main themes Options option pricing (microstructure & investments) hedging & real options (corporate) This & next weeks lectures Introduction Part IV: Option Fundamentals»

More information

Fundamentals of Futures and Options (a summary)

Fundamentals of Futures and Options (a summary) Fundamentals of Futures and Options (a summary) Roger G. Clarke, Harindra de Silva, CFA, and Steven Thorley, CFA Published 2013 by the Research Foundation of CFA Institute Summary prepared by Roger G.

More information

Glossary of Common Derivatives Terms

Glossary of Common Derivatives Terms DRAFT: 10/03/07 Glossary of Common Derivatives Terms American Depository Receipts (ADRs). ADRs are receipts issued by a U.S. bank or trust company evidencing its ownership of underlying foreign securities.

More information

Chapter 16: Financial Risk Management

Chapter 16: Financial Risk Management Chapter 16: Financial Risk Management Introduction Overview of Financial Risk Management in Treasury Interest Rate Risk Foreign Exchange (FX) Risk Commodity Price Risk Managing Financial Risk The Benefits

More information

Accounting for Derivatives. Rajan Chari Senior Manager rchari@deloitte.com

Accounting for Derivatives. Rajan Chari Senior Manager rchari@deloitte.com Accounting for Derivatives Rajan Chari Senior Manager rchari@deloitte.com October 3, 2005 Derivative Instruments to be Discussed Futures Forwards Options Swaps Copyright 2004 Deloitte Development LLC.

More information

Note 10: Derivative Instruments

Note 10: Derivative Instruments Note 10: Derivative Instruments Derivative instruments are financial contracts that derive their value from underlying changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates or other financial or commodity

More information

Note 8: Derivative Instruments

Note 8: Derivative Instruments Note 8: Derivative Instruments Derivative instruments are financial contracts that derive their value from underlying changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates or other financial or commodity prices

More information

The new ACI Diploma. Unit 2 Fixed Income & Money Markets. Effective October 2014

The new ACI Diploma. Unit 2 Fixed Income & Money Markets. Effective October 2014 The new ACI Diploma Unit 2 Fixed Income & Money Markets Effective October 2014 8 Rue du Mail, 75002 Paris - France T: +33 1 42975115 - F: +33 1 42975116 - www.aciforex.org The new ACI Diploma Objective

More information

Reference Manual Currency Options

Reference Manual Currency Options Reference Manual Currency Options TMX Group Equities Toronto Stock Exchange TSX Venture Exchange TMX Select Equicom Derivatives Montréal Exchange CDCC Montréal Climate Exchange Fixed Income Shorcan Energy

More information

Credit Default Swaps and the synthetic CDO

Credit Default Swaps and the synthetic CDO Credit Default Swaps and the synthetic CDO Bloomberg Seminar 20March 2003 Moorad Choudhry Journal of Bond Trading and Management www.yieldcurve.com Agenda o Credit derivatives and securitisation o Synthetic

More information

Foreign Exchange Risk Management

Foreign Exchange Risk Management Foreign Exchange Risk Management Perry D. Mehta Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Charlotte Office perry.mehta@rich.frb.org Seminar for Senior Bank Supervisors from Emerging Economies Washington, DC October,

More information

Hedging Interest-Rate Risk: A Primer in Instruments. & Accounting. September 29, 2015. Presented by: Ruth Hardie

Hedging Interest-Rate Risk: A Primer in Instruments. & Accounting. September 29, 2015. Presented by: Ruth Hardie Hedging Interest-Rate Risk: A Primer in Instruments September 29, 2015 & Accounting Presented by: Ruth Hardie Hedge Trackers, LLC Integrated Derivative Management Interest Rate, Foreign Currency and Commodities

More information

Investment options and risk

Investment options and risk Investment options and risk Issued 1 July 2015 The information in this document forms part of the Product Disclosure Statement for the Public Sector Superannuation accumulation plan (PSSap), eighth edition,

More information

OPTIONS MARKETS AND VALUATIONS (CHAPTERS 16 & 17)

OPTIONS MARKETS AND VALUATIONS (CHAPTERS 16 & 17) OPTIONS MARKETS AND VALUATIONS (CHAPTERS 16 & 17) WHAT ARE OPTIONS? Derivative securities whose values are derived from the values of the underlying securities. Stock options quotations from WSJ. A call

More information

Learning Curve Interest Rate Futures Contracts Moorad Choudhry

Learning Curve Interest Rate Futures Contracts Moorad Choudhry Learning Curve Interest Rate Futures Contracts Moorad Choudhry YieldCurve.com 2004 Page 1 The market in short-term interest rate derivatives is a large and liquid one, and the instruments involved are

More information

1 Regional Bank Regional banks specialize in consumer and commercial products within one region of a country, such as a state or within a group of states. A regional bank is smaller than a bank that operates

More information

Chicago Board Options Exchange. Margin Manual

Chicago Board Options Exchange. Margin Manual Chicago Board Options Exchange Margin Manual April 2000 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 3 INITIAL AND MAINTENANCE MARGIN REQUIREMENTS Long Put or Long Call (9 months or less until expiration)... 4 Long

More information

Commercial paper collateralized by a pool of loans, leases, receivables, or structured credit products. Asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP)

Commercial paper collateralized by a pool of loans, leases, receivables, or structured credit products. Asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP) GLOSSARY Asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP) Asset-backed security (ABS) Asset-backed securities index (ABX) Basel II Call (put) option Carry trade Collateralized debt obligation (CDO) Collateralized

More information

Advanced forms of currency swaps

Advanced forms of currency swaps Advanced forms of currency swaps Basis swaps Basis swaps involve swapping one floating index rate for another. Banks may need to use basis swaps to arrange a currency swap for the customers. Example A

More information

LOCKING IN TREASURY RATES WITH TREASURY LOCKS

LOCKING IN TREASURY RATES WITH TREASURY LOCKS LOCKING IN TREASURY RATES WITH TREASURY LOCKS Interest-rate sensitive financial decisions often involve a waiting period before they can be implemen-ted. This delay exposes institutions to the risk that

More information

Derivatives, Measurement and Hedge Accounting

Derivatives, Measurement and Hedge Accounting Derivatives, Measurement and Hedge Accounting IAS 39 11 June 2008 Contents Derivatives and embedded derivatives Definition Sample of products Accounting treatment Measurement Active market VS Inactive

More information

Guidance on Implementing Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement

Guidance on Implementing Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement STATUTORY BOARD SB-FRS 39 FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARD Guidance on Implementing Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement CONTENTS SECTION A SCOPE A.1 Practice of settling net: forward contract

More information

FX, Derivatives and DCM workshop I. Introduction to Options

FX, Derivatives and DCM workshop I. Introduction to Options Introduction to Options What is a Currency Option Contract? A financial agreement giving the buyer the right (but not the obligation) to buy/sell a specified amount of currency at a specified rate on a

More information

Managers Directive AIFs. Issued :

Managers Directive AIFs. Issued : Information page Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive AIFMs managing leveraged AIFs Issued : 7t May 2013 Table of Contents 1. Introduction... 3 2. General provisions applicable to AIFs using

More information

The data model mining breakdown of financial derivatives

The data model mining breakdown of financial derivatives The data model mining breakdown of financial derivatives Buriánková, P. University of Finance and Administration, Prague, Czech Republic pet.buriankova@seznam.cz Abstract The work deals with the data model

More information

Statement of Statutory Accounting Principles No. 86

Statement of Statutory Accounting Principles No. 86 Statement of Statutory Accounting Principles No. 86 Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging, Income Generation, and Replication (Synthetic Asset) Transactions STATUS Type of Issue: Common Area

More information

Beginner s Guide to CFDs

Beginner s Guide to CFDs Beginner s Guide to CFDs Chapters 1.1-1.3 www.trader.ge CFDs Chapter 1.1 / A Basic Description Welcome to this chapter, which will give a brief introduction to the history of CFDs. If you are already familiar

More information

Forwards and Futures

Forwards and Futures Prof. Alex Shapiro Lecture Notes 16 Forwards and Futures I. Readings and Suggested Practice Problems II. Forward Contracts III. Futures Contracts IV. Forward-Spot Parity V. Stock Index Forward-Spot Parity

More information

Form SR-4 Foreign Exchange and OTC Derivatives Notes to assist Completion

Form SR-4 Foreign Exchange and OTC Derivatives Notes to assist Completion Form SR-4 Foreign Exchange and OTC Derivatives Notes to assist Completion Section 1 of this return is aimed at establishing the exposure to the risk of loss arising from adverse movements in foreign exchange

More information

Swaps: complex structures

Swaps: complex structures Swaps: complex structures Complex swap structures refer to non-standard swaps whose coupons, notional, accrual and calendar used for coupon determination and payments are tailored made to serve client

More information

SOCIETY OF ACTUARIES FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS. EXAM FM SAMPLE QUESTIONS Financial Economics

SOCIETY OF ACTUARIES FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS. EXAM FM SAMPLE QUESTIONS Financial Economics SOCIETY OF ACTUARIES EXAM FM FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS EXAM FM SAMPLE QUESTIONS Financial Economics June 2014 changes Questions 1-30 are from the prior version of this document. They have been edited to conform

More information

J. Gaspar: Adapted from Jeff Madura, International Financial Management

J. Gaspar: Adapted from Jeff Madura, International Financial Management Chapter5 Currency Derivatives J. Gaspar: Adapted from Jeff Madura, International Financial Management 5. 1 Currency Derivatives Currency derivatives are financial instruments whose prices are determined

More information

CURRENCY FUTURES IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CURRENCY FUTURES TRADED AT NSE

CURRENCY FUTURES IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CURRENCY FUTURES TRADED AT NSE CURRENCY FUTURES IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CURRENCY FUTURES TRADED AT NSE Vinayak R. Gramopadhye Assistant professor, ASM s Institute of International Business and Research, Pimpri, Pune-18 Abstract

More information

MARKET REGULATION ADVISORY NOTICE

MARKET REGULATION ADVISORY NOTICE MARKET REGULATION ADVISORY NOTICE Exchange Subject Rule References Rule 538 Advisory Date Advisory Number CME, CBOT, NYMEX & COMEX Exchange for Related Positions CME Group RA1311-5RR Revised Effective

More information

Risk Management and Governance Hedging with Derivatives. Prof. Hugues Pirotte

Risk Management and Governance Hedging with Derivatives. Prof. Hugues Pirotte Risk Management and Governance Hedging with Derivatives Prof. Hugues Pirotte Several slides based on Risk Management and Financial Institutions, e, Chapter 6, Copyright John C. Hull 009 Why Manage Risks?

More information

The University of Texas Investment Management Company Derivative Investment Policy

The University of Texas Investment Management Company Derivative Investment Policy Effective Date of Policy: August 12, 2010 Date Approved by U. T. System Board of Regents: August 12, 2010 Date Approved by UTIMCO Board: July 14, 2010 Supersedes: approved August 20, 2009 Purpose: The

More information

Credit Derivatives. Southeastern Actuaries Conference. Fall Meeting. November 18, 2005. Credit Derivatives. What are they? How are they priced?

Credit Derivatives. Southeastern Actuaries Conference. Fall Meeting. November 18, 2005. Credit Derivatives. What are they? How are they priced? 1 Credit Derivatives Southeastern Actuaries Conference Fall Meeting November 18, 2005 Credit Derivatives What are they? How are they priced? Applications in risk management Potential uses 2 2 Credit Derivatives

More information

DERIVATIVES Presented by Sade Odunaiya Partner, Risk Management Alliance Consulting DERIVATIVES Introduction Forward Rate Agreements FRA Swaps Futures Options Summary INTRODUCTION Financial Market Participants

More information

Currency Options. www.m-x.ca

Currency Options. www.m-x.ca Currency Options www.m-x.ca Table of Contents Introduction...3 How currencies are quoted in the spot market...4 How currency options work...6 Underlying currency...6 Trading unit...6 Option premiums...6

More information

Floating rate Payments 6m Libor. Fixed rate payments 1 300000 337500-37500 2 300000 337500-37500 3 300000 337500-37500 4 300000 325000-25000

Floating rate Payments 6m Libor. Fixed rate payments 1 300000 337500-37500 2 300000 337500-37500 3 300000 337500-37500 4 300000 325000-25000 Introduction: Interest rate swaps are used to hedge interest rate risks as well as to take on interest rate risks. If a treasurer is of the view that interest rates will be falling in the future, he may

More information

TREATMENT OF PREPAID DERIVATIVE CONTRACTS. Background

TREATMENT OF PREPAID DERIVATIVE CONTRACTS. Background Traditional forward contracts TREATMENT OF PREPAID DERIVATIVE CONTRACTS Background A forward contract is an agreement to deliver a specified quantity of a defined item or class of property, such as corn,

More information

Derivative: a financial instrument whose value depends (or derives from) the values of other, more basic, underlying values (Hull, p. 1).

Derivative: a financial instrument whose value depends (or derives from) the values of other, more basic, underlying values (Hull, p. 1). Introduction Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives, 7th Edition, Copyright John C. Hull 2008 1 Derivative: a financial instrument whose value depends (or derives from) the values of other, more basic,

More information

Risk Management at a Leading Canadian Bank An Actuarial Science Graduate's View

Risk Management at a Leading Canadian Bank An Actuarial Science Graduate's View at a Leading Canadian Bank An Actuarial Science Graduate's View Yu Zhou Quantitative Analytics, Group Risk Management TD Bank Financial Group at a Leading Canadian Bank: An Actuarial Science Graduate s

More information

Asset Class. Interest Rate

Asset Class. Interest Rate The definitions set forth in the CFTC Swaps Report Data Dictionary are provided for the purpose of enhancing the user s understanding of the data presented in the report tables. Definitions do not state

More information

Trading in Treasury Bond Futures Contracts and Bonds in Australia

Trading in Treasury Bond Futures Contracts and Bonds in Australia Trading in Treasury Bond Futures Contracts and Bonds in Australia Belinda Cheung* Treasury bond futures are a key financial product in Australia, with turnover in Treasury bond futures contracts significantly

More information

Derivatives - Options Theory September 2008

Derivatives - Options Theory September 2008 - Options Theory September 2008 Milestone International Tax Consultants Ltd 45 Clarges Street London W1J 7EP Tel: +44 (0)20 7016 5480 Fax: +44 (0)20 7016 5481 Web: www.milestonetax.com Definitions Option

More information

Market and Exercise Price Relationships. Option Terminology. Options Trading. CHAPTER 15 Options Markets 15.1 THE OPTION CONTRACT

Market and Exercise Price Relationships. Option Terminology. Options Trading. CHAPTER 15 Options Markets 15.1 THE OPTION CONTRACT CHAPTER 15 Options Markets 15.1 THE OPTION CONTRACT Option Terminology Buy - Long Sell - Short Call the right to buy Put the the right to sell Key Elements Exercise or Strike Price Premium or Price of

More information

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management December 2008 Answers 1 (a) Rights issue price = 2 5 x 0 8 = $2 00 per share Theoretical ex rights price = ((2 50 x 4) + (1 x 2 00)/5=$2

More information

Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2.

Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2. Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2. Chapter 7. Derivatives markets. c 2009. Miguel A. Arcones. All rights reserved. Extract from: Arcones Manual for the SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2, Financial Mathematics. Fall

More information

PRINCIPAL GLOBAL INVESTORS FUNDS. Supplement dated 31 July 2013. for the Long/Short Global Opportunities Equity Fund

PRINCIPAL GLOBAL INVESTORS FUNDS. Supplement dated 31 July 2013. for the Long/Short Global Opportunities Equity Fund PRINCIPAL GLOBAL INVESTORS FUNDS Supplement dated 31 July 2013 for the Long/Short Global Opportunities Equity Fund This Supplement contains specific information in relation to the Long/Short Global Opportunities

More information

International Finance and Hedging Currency Risk. John Board

International Finance and Hedging Currency Risk. John Board International Finance and Hedging Currency Risk John Board Country Risk Country Risk The risk that the business environment in the host country changes unexpectedly Increases the risk to multinational

More information

Bank of America AAA 10.00% T-Bill +.30% Hypothetical Resources BBB 11.90% T-Bill +.80% Basis point difference 190 50

Bank of America AAA 10.00% T-Bill +.30% Hypothetical Resources BBB 11.90% T-Bill +.80% Basis point difference 190 50 Swap Agreements INTEREST RATE SWAP AGREEMENTS An interest rate swap is an agreement to exchange interest rate payments on a notional principal amount over a specific period of time. Generally a swap exchanges

More information

Market Linked Certificates of Deposit

Market Linked Certificates of Deposit Market Linked Certificates of Deposit This material was prepared by Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, a registered brokerdealer and separate non-bank affiliate of Wells Fargo & Company. This material is not

More information

ICANN Foreign Exchange Risk Management Policy May 2009

ICANN Foreign Exchange Risk Management Policy May 2009 ICANN Foreign Exchange Risk Management Policy May 2009 Table of Contents Page Number 1. Purpose 2 2. Scope 2 3. Objectives and Strategy 2 4. Definitions 2 5. FAS 133 and FAS 52 Accounting 4 6. Authorized

More information

Risk Information for Expanded Investment Transactions and Forward Exchange Transactions

Risk Information for Expanded Investment Transactions and Forward Exchange Transactions Risk Information for Expanded Investment Transactions and Forward Exchange Transactions May 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS Preliminary Remarks...3 1. General Investment Risks...3 2. Forward Exchange Transactions...4

More information

Section 1 Important Information... 2. Section 2 Regulatory Guide 227... 2. Section 3 Features... 3. Section 4 How to Trade... 8

Section 1 Important Information... 2. Section 2 Regulatory Guide 227... 2. Section 3 Features... 3. Section 4 How to Trade... 8 CONTENTS Section 1 Important Information... 2 Section 2 Regulatory Guide 227... 2 Section 3 Features... 3 Section 4 How to Trade... 8 Section 5 Significant Risks... 32 Section 6 Costs, Fees & Charges...

More information

w w w.c a t l e y l a k e m a n.c o m 0 2 0 7 0 4 3 0 1 0 0

w w w.c a t l e y l a k e m a n.c o m 0 2 0 7 0 4 3 0 1 0 0 A ADR-Style: for a derivative on an underlying denominated in one currency, where the derivative is denominated in a different currency, payments are exchanged using a floating foreign-exchange rate. The

More information

Exotic options [April 4]

Exotic options [April 4] Exotic options [April 4] We ve looked at European and American Calls and Puts European options with general payoff functions From a theoretical point of view. This could be carried further, to more Exotic

More information

Introduction, Forwards and Futures

Introduction, Forwards and Futures Introduction, Forwards and Futures Liuren Wu Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College Fall, 2007 (Hull chapters: 1,2,3,5) Liuren Wu Introduction, Forwards & Futures Option Pricing, Fall, 2007 1 / 35

More information

Effective downside risk management

Effective downside risk management Effective downside risk management Aymeric Forest, Fund Manager, Multi-Asset Investments November 2012 Since 2008, the desire to avoid significant portfolio losses has, more than ever, been at the front

More information

Option Pricing Beyond Black-Scholes Dan O Rourke

Option Pricing Beyond Black-Scholes Dan O Rourke Option Pricing Beyond Black-Scholes Dan O Rourke January 2005 1 Black-Scholes Formula (Historical Context) Produced a usable model where all inputs were easily observed Coincided with the introduction

More information

Market Overview Fal 2015

Market Overview Fal 2015 Market Overview Fall 2015 Agenda Equities o What is a stock/etf? o Why do companies issue stock? o Debt vs Equity o Different types of stocks o How stocks trade Derivatives o Futures/Forwards o Options

More information

Overview and introduction to equity derivatives

Overview and introduction to equity derivatives Overview and introduction to equity Edmund Parker Mayer Brown 1. Introduction* 1.1 Introducing equity To a bystander like me, those who made 190 million deliberately underselling the shares of HBOS, in

More information

Using Currency Futures to Hedge Currency Risk

Using Currency Futures to Hedge Currency Risk Using Currency Futures to Hedge Currency Risk By Sayee Srinivasan & Steven Youngren Product Research & Development Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. Introduction Investment professionals face a tough climate.

More information

Commodities. Product Categories

Commodities. Product Categories Commodities Material Economic Term Option Swaption Swap Basis Swap Index Swap Buyer Seller Premium Strike Price Premium Payment Date Resets Commodity Option Type (Call / Put) Commodity Option Style (European

More information

Eleventh Meeting of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics. Washington, D.C., October 21 23, 1998

Eleventh Meeting of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics. Washington, D.C., October 21 23, 1998 BOPCOM98/1/20 Eleventh Meeting of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics Washington, D.C., October 21 23, 1998 Financial Derivatives Prepared by the Statistics Department International Monetary

More information

Derivatives Usage by Insurer

Derivatives Usage by Insurer Derivatives Usage by Insurer and Role of Derivatives es in Recent Economic Meltdown Prabhat Kumar Maiti DD(Actl)/ IRDA 11th GCA, Mumbai 1 Possible uses of derivatives by Insurance companies Efficient portfolio

More information

2008 Special Risks in Securities Trading

2008 Special Risks in Securities Trading 2008 Special Risks in Securities Trading Should you have any suggestions with regard to future editions of this information brochure, please send them to: office@sba.ch. We are interested in your feedback,

More information

Global Markets Product Risk Book

Global Markets Product Risk Book Marketing Communication Global Markets Product Risk Book English version This communication was not prepared in accordance with Legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research

More information

Application of Interest Rate Swaps in Indian Insurance Industry Amruth Krishnan Rohit Ajgaonkar Guide: G.LN.Sarma

Application of Interest Rate Swaps in Indian Insurance Industry Amruth Krishnan Rohit Ajgaonkar Guide: G.LN.Sarma Institute of Actuaries of India Application of Interest Rate Swaps in Indian Insurance Industry Amruth Krishnan Rohit Ajgaonkar Guide: G.LN.Sarma 21 st IFS Seminar Indian Actuarial Profession Serving the

More information

OTC Derivatives: Benefits to U.S. Companies

OTC Derivatives: Benefits to U.S. Companies OTC Derivatives: Benefits to U.S. Companies International Swaps and Derivatives Association May 2009 1 What are derivatives? Derivatives are financial instruments that: Transfer risk from one party to

More information

Product Descriptions Credit Derivatives. Credit Derivatives Product Descriptions

Product Descriptions Credit Derivatives. Credit Derivatives Product Descriptions Credit Derivatives Product Descriptions 1 Products Credit Derivatives Indices Credit Derivatives Tranches Credit Derivatives Options Product Specifications Credit Derivatives Indices A credit default swap

More information

PowerShares Smart Beta Income Portfolio 2016-1 PowerShares Smart Beta Growth & Income Portfolio 2016-1 PowerShares Smart Beta Growth Portfolio 2016-1

PowerShares Smart Beta Income Portfolio 2016-1 PowerShares Smart Beta Growth & Income Portfolio 2016-1 PowerShares Smart Beta Growth Portfolio 2016-1 PowerShares Smart Beta Income Portfolio 2016-1 PowerShares Smart Beta Growth & Income Portfolio 2016-1 PowerShares Smart Beta Growth Portfolio 2016-1 The unit investment trusts named above (the Portfolios

More information

Copyright 2009 by National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. (NSE) Exchange Plaza, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai 400 051 INDIA

Copyright 2009 by National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. (NSE) Exchange Plaza, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai 400 051 INDIA Copyright 2009 by National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. (NSE) Exchange Plaza, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai 400 051 INDIA All content included in this book, such as text, graphics, logos,

More information

The University of Texas Investment Management Company Derivative Investment Policy

The University of Texas Investment Management Company Derivative Investment Policy Effective Date of Policy: August 21, 2014 Date Approved by U. T. System Board of Regents: August 21, 2014 Date Approved by UTIMCO Board: July 29, 2014 Supersedes: approved August 22, 2013 Purpose: The

More information

Exchange-Traded Funds

Exchange-Traded Funds Exchange-Traded Funds Exchange Traded Funds (ETF s) are becoming popular investment vehicles for many investors. Most ETF s are cost effective, broad market funds. We have put together a layman s explanation

More information

Risk Explanation for Exchange-Traded Derivatives

Risk Explanation for Exchange-Traded Derivatives Risk Explanation for Exchange-Traded Derivatives The below risk explanation is provided pursuant to Hong Kong regulatory requirements relating to trading in exchange-traded derivatives by those of our

More information

MODEL TEST PAPER DERIVATIVES MARKET DEALERS MODULE. Q.2 All of the following are true regarding futures contracts except [2 Marks]

MODEL TEST PAPER DERIVATIVES MARKET DEALERS MODULE. Q.2 All of the following are true regarding futures contracts except [2 Marks] MODEL TEST PAPER DERIVATIVES MARKET DEALERS MODULE Q.1 Theta is also referred to as the of the portfolio time decay risk delay risk decay time delay Q.2 All of the following are true regarding futures

More information

Derivative Products Features and Risk Disclosures

Derivative Products Features and Risk Disclosures Derivative Products Features and Risk Disclosures Table of Content Warrants... 3 Callable Bull/Bear Contracts (CBBC)... 5 Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)... 7 Listed equity linked instruments (ELI/ELN)... 9

More information

FINANCIAL ENGINEERING CLUB TRADING 101

FINANCIAL ENGINEERING CLUB TRADING 101 FINANCIAL ENGINEERING CLUB TRADING 101 WHAT IS TRADING TRADING/INVESTING is the act of putting capital to use, by either buying or selling securities, for the purpose of gaining profits. Buy low, sell

More information

International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. Disclosure Annex for Interest Rate Transactions

International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. Disclosure Annex for Interest Rate Transactions International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. Disclosure Annex for Interest Rate Transactions This Annex supplements and should be read in conjunction with the General Disclosure Statement. NOTHING

More information

Solvency II. Syndicate Asset data submission Instructions. August 2012

Solvency II. Syndicate Asset data submission Instructions. August 2012 Solvency II Syndicate Asset data submission Instructions August 2012 Contents Introduction Purpose & Scope 5 Asset Data as at 30 September 2012 5 Next steps 5 Instructions for Completion Completing the

More information

Advanced Strategies for Managing Volatility

Advanced Strategies for Managing Volatility Advanced Strategies for Managing Volatility Description: Investment portfolios are generally exposed to volatility through company-specific risk and through market risk. Long-term investors can reduce

More information

Investment options and risk

Investment options and risk ADF Super Australian Defence Force Superannuation Investment options and Issued 2 June 2016 The information in this document forms part of the Product Disclosure Statement for the Australian Defence Force

More information

AUSTRALIAN BANKS GLOBAL BOND FUNDING 1

AUSTRALIAN BANKS GLOBAL BOND FUNDING 1 AUSTRALIAN BANKS GLOBAL BOND FUNDING 1 Introduction Over the past decade, Australian banks have sourced a sizeable share of their funding in offshore markets. This article examines various aspects of these

More information

ADVISORSHARES YIELDPRO ETF (NASDAQ Ticker: YPRO) SUMMARY PROSPECTUS November 1, 2015

ADVISORSHARES YIELDPRO ETF (NASDAQ Ticker: YPRO) SUMMARY PROSPECTUS November 1, 2015 ADVISORSHARES YIELDPRO ETF (NASDAQ Ticker: YPRO) SUMMARY PROSPECTUS November 1, 2015 Before you invest in the AdvisorShares Fund, you may want to review the Fund s prospectus and statement of additional

More information

Maybank Kim Eng Securities Pte Ltd Terms and Conditions

Maybank Kim Eng Securities Pte Ltd Terms and Conditions Maybank Kim Eng Securities Pte Ltd Terms and Conditions Risk Disclosure Statement Telephone Email Website : (65) 6432 1888 (Singapore and Overseas) : helpdesk@maybank-ke.com.sg : www.maybank-ke.com.sg

More information

PRODUCT DISCLOSURE STATEMENT CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE ISSUED BY IG MARKETS LIMITED 3 AUGUST 2015

PRODUCT DISCLOSURE STATEMENT CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE ISSUED BY IG MARKETS LIMITED 3 AUGUST 2015 PRODUCT DISCLOSURE STATEMENT CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE ISSUED BY IG MARKETS LIMITED 3 AUGUST 2015 PART 1 GENERAL INFORMATION Before deciding whether to trade with us in the products we offer, you should

More information

BOND FUTURES. 1. Terminology... 2 2. Application... 11. FINANCE TRAINER International Bond Futures / Page 1 of 12

BOND FUTURES. 1. Terminology... 2 2. Application... 11. FINANCE TRAINER International Bond Futures / Page 1 of 12 BOND FUTURES 1. Terminology... 2 2. Application... 11 FINANCE TRAINER International Bond Futures / Page 1 of 12 1. Terminology A future is a contract to either sell or buy a certain underlying on a specified

More information

up to 1 year 2,391 3.27 1 to 5 years 3,441 4.70 6 to 10 years 3,554 4.86 11 to 20 years 1,531 2.09 over 20 years 62,226 85.08 TOTAL 73,143 100.

up to 1 year 2,391 3.27 1 to 5 years 3,441 4.70 6 to 10 years 3,554 4.86 11 to 20 years 1,531 2.09 over 20 years 62,226 85.08 TOTAL 73,143 100. SECTION 2 RISKS OF INSURANCE COMPANIES 2.1 INSURANCE RISKS QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE INFORMATION Life business The typical risks of the life insurance portfolio (managed by Intesa Sanpaolo Vita, Intesa

More information

Derivatives: Options

Derivatives: Options Derivatives: Options Call Option: The right, but not the obligation, to buy an asset at a specified exercise (or, strike) price on or before a specified date. Put Option: The right, but not the obligation,

More information

INTEREST RATE SWAP (IRS)

INTEREST RATE SWAP (IRS) INTEREST RATE SWAP (IRS) 1. Interest Rate Swap (IRS)... 4 1.1 Terminology... 4 1.2 Application... 11 1.3 EONIA Swap... 19 1.4 Pricing and Mark to Market Revaluation of IRS... 22 2. Cross Currency Swap...

More information

DERIVATIVE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

DERIVATIVE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION DERIVATIVE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION I. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES A. Definitions and Concepts 1. Derivative Instrument A "derivative instrument" is a financial instrument that "derives"

More information

Learning Curve UNDERSTANDING DERIVATIVES

Learning Curve UNDERSTANDING DERIVATIVES Learning Curve UNDERSTANDING DERIVATIVES Brian Eales London Metropolitan University YieldCurve.com 2004 Page 1 Understanding Derivatives Derivative instruments have been a feature of modern financial markets

More information