1 MOOCS & the Granting of College Credit Presented by Cheryl Fisk Asst. Dean of Academic Affairs/College Registrar, Crown College Dale Lemke Christian Ministry Program Chair/School of Online Studies & Graduate School, Crown College
2 AGENDA Introduction What are MOOCs How are they used Early MOOCs Recent MOOCs Granting of Credit for MOOCs Crown s MOOC
3 What is a MOOC Massive Open Online Course Online Education Course on steroids Can accommodate large numbers of students at once Typically free, some charge a fee for certification Instructor acts as a facilitator
4 Seated Classes vs MOOCS Seated Classes Physical Classroom Instructor knowledge delivery Instructor led Purchased textbooks For credit Class size less than 1k Tuition charged Online MOOCs Student knowledge generation* Instructor facilitated Open access materials * Typically no credit* Class size 100 to 100,000 Typically free* * Changing with the new versions
5 Teaching Strategies Discussion board posts peer to peer interaction Videos of lectures PowerPoint slides Readings Quizzes Group projects Final Exam
6 How are MOOCS used? For personal enrichment For corporate training To supplement seated courses o Provides a hybrid experience For a marketing opportunity For no-cost learning opportunity for older students to try out college. Testing new teaching methods Remedial education
7 Learning Challenges Students must be self-directed learners Students without prerequisite skills or computer instruction struggle Little if any individualized instructor attention Lack of emphasis on individual learner needs though this changing
8 Major MOOC Providers Udacity (for profit) founded by Sebastian Thrun (former Stanford Professor). o https://www.udacity.com/ Coursera started as an education coop partnership with Stanford, U of Pa., U of MI., & Princeton. (Now includes more colleges.) o https://www.coursera.org/courses
9 Major MOOC Providers edx - Harvard & MIT plus many others (Berkley, Wellesley, Dartmouth) o https://www.edx.org/ CourseSites by BlackBoard - allows an instructor to set up five free MOOC courses. Over 12,500 colleges using this. o https://www.coursesites.com/webapps/bb- sites-course-creation- BBLEARN/pages/index.html
10 Early MOOCs: Based on Constructivist philosophy with emphasis on peer to peer learning No pre-reqs to take a class Free Low level of faculty interaction Designed for the life-long learning market Majority were enrolled in Coursera s MOOCs o 65% of all students enrolled in Coursera s MOOCS were outside the US.
11 Recent MOOCS: MOOCs that are equivalent to courses in a university s own degree programs Hybrid hmoocs used along side seated courses xmoocs - utilize the conventional lecture model and delivered through an LMS (e.g. Blackboard) College credit and certifications available
12 Recent MOOCS: Some charge fees Identity authentication Test proctoring Full MOOC Degree Programs (e.g. Georgia Tech MSCS)
13 MOOC Course Topics Art, Language, Literature, Music, Film Computer Science Business, Marketing, Economics, Finance, Management Engineering Math Medicine and Pharmacology, Personal and Professional Development Social Sciences Science (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Physical)
14 Challenges with MOOCs High dropout rates (as much as 90%) for non-hybrid models. Financial sustainability (most are funded by grants or donations) Accessibility Quality standards and assessments Plagiarism Copyright and legal issues - many use open access materials. Many rely on open access materials. Textbook publishers may be looking at new ways to provide materials for MOOCs at fee.
15 Credit for MOOCs Majority of MOOCs are not granted college credit. California State U and Antioch University are offering MOOCs for credit o Partnering with Udacity and edx, and Coursera
16 Credit for MOOCs ACE has reviewed and recommended the granting of credit for some MOOCs. o Not all colleges accept ACE recommendations. o Some colleges require an additional assessment Prior Learning Assessment - (credit for prior learning) - colleges validate learning through exam, course review, and portfolio review.
17 Credit For MOOCS edx - Allows students to take final exam at a physical testing center. Coursera - Offers special certificates for a fee authentication of identity and exam proctoring. Reciprocal agreements between colleges who offer MOOCS. It is up to each college to determine transferability of MOOCs.
18 Crown College
19 Crown College Small Private Christian College o Comprehensive o Professional and Liberal Arts Majors Located: Twin Cities Western Suburbs on 250 acres. Founded 1916 Enrollment: 1280 students Accredited by the Higher Learning Commission
20 Crown College Two Schools: o School of Arts and Sciences (residential) o School of Online Studies & Graduate School Adult Degree Completion Program Online Degree Program 2001 o Current14 fully online Degrees
21 Crown College MOOC MOOC Initiative Vision: To serve the Christian community by promoting biblical literacy and to expand the influence of Crown Online.
22 Why provide a MOOC? To provide educational opportunities to those beyond the Crown College Campus. To provide learning opportunities that can be used by churches and their congregations to further their Biblical knowledge. To provide an opportunity for students to try an online course with minimal cost. As a marketing opportunity for Crown College
23 New Testament MOOC First offered July 2013; again in spring 2014 Adapted teaching strategies to fit the target population and goals of the MOOC. Goal of 500 participants being led by10 volunteer instructors. Integrated a variety of collaborative learning activities. Integrated learning mastery tests to accommodate the course size Utilized a final proficiency exam.
24 New Testament MOOC Option for a proctored Proficiency Exam (fee) Students who scored 80% on the exam and who enrolled at Crown College subsequent to the MOOC were granted proficiency credit. Students have one year from the time the proficiency test was taken to enroll at Crown College in order to receive proficiency credit.
25 Welcome Survey Data July 2013 Week 1 Participants: 165 of % Response Rate Age (n = 165 participants) o < 18 (.006%; n = 1) o (19.4%; n = 32) o (26.6%; n = 44) o (36.4%; n = 60) o >60 (13.9%; n = 23)
26 Welcome Survey Data How did you learn about the MOOC? (n = 165) o Social Media (20.6 %; n = 34) o Friend (19.4%; n = 32) o Church / Denomination (39.4 %; n = 65) o Internet (4.2 %; n = 7) o Denominational Convention (3.6%; n = 6) o Other (10.9%; n = 18)
27 Welcome Survey Data Level of Education Completed? o HS/GED (23.6 %; n = 39) o Associate Degree (13.3%; n = 22) o Bachelor s Degree (32.7 %; n = 54) o Graduate Degree (19.4 %; n = 32) o Other (8.5%; n=14)
28 Welcome Survey Data Are you planning to take the proficiency exam? oyes (37.5%; n = 62) ono ( 23.8%; n = 39) omaybe (36.3%; n = 60) Are you planning to pursue further education? oyes (25.5%; n = 42) ono ( 48.5%; n = 80) omaybe (23.6%; n = 39)
29 Post-Course Survey Summer 2013 Week 7 Participants 34 (of 61) o (55.7% Response Rate) Age (n = 34) o <18 (2.9%; n = 1) o (5.8%; n = 2) o (32.4%; n = 11) o (44.1%; n = 15) o >60 (11.8; n = 4) Note: The drop in participation among year olds.
30 Summer 2013 MOOC Data # Groups:
31 Summer 2013 MOOC Data Enrollment to completion: 11% Participation to completion: 19% o Created a flexible group structure to account for attrition. Completed the proficiency exam: 13 Matriculated: 6
32 Post-Course Survey Summer 2013 (N=34) Are you planning to pursue a degree? o Applied to Crown Bachelor s Degree (14.7%; n = 5) o Applied to a Crown Graduate Degree (8.8%; n = 3) o Investigating Educational Opportunities (11.8%; n = 4) o No (41.2%; n = 14) o Maybe (23.5%; n = 8)
33 Spring 2014 MOOC Data Understanding the New Testament offered again. Pre-enrolled for the course: 247 Enrollment to completion: 8% Participation to completion: 17% Completed the proficiency exam: 10 Matriculated: 4
34 Enrollment Process Self-enroll on MOOC site (CourseSites) Minimal impact on Crown IT Positive feedback from enrollment team Alumni Partnership ounintended Consequence - deficient graduates wanted to take the MOOC to finish requirements.
35 Proficiency Exam Preparing the Exam o (utilized content expert) Communication with students Proficiency Exam (1 week window) Proctoring Service (Remote Proctor Now - $15 Fee) Documented results to inform Registrar
36 Proficiency Exam Documentation of exam results is held in an electronic file in document image system. Results posted as proficiency credit on the transcript upon completion of first regular Crown College Course. Shows as History of the New Testament grade of PR for 3 semester credits.
37 Proficiency Credit Usage Toward a Crown Degree (43.5%; n = 10) Unused or Unknown (43.5%; n = 10 Also CEU (Continuing Education) (13%; n = 3) o Association for Christian Schools International (ACSI) o Biblical studies requirement of the denomination
38 Future MOOC Plans January 2015 Course - Understanding the Old Testament Established a fund to receive donations for future MOOCs with the Advancement Office Goal of writing a grant proposal by the summer of 2015 Plan to offer a different course in July 2015
40 References Ebben, M. & Murphy, J. S. (2014). Unpacking MOOC scholarly discourse, a review of nascent MOOC scholarship. Learning, Media and Technology. doi: / Flynn, J. T. (2013). MOOCS: Disruptive innovation and the future of higher education. Christian Education Journal, Series 3, 10(1), Fromin, E. (2013). MOOCs: Tips for enrollment professionals. Journal of College Admission, Summe2013, 220, Kady, H. R. & Vadeboncoeur, J. L. (2013). Massive open online courses (MOOC). Salem Press Encyclopedia. Kop, R. (2011). The challenges to connectivist learning on open online networks: Learning experiences during a massive open online course. International Review of research in Open an Distance Learning, 12 (3), Mazoue, J. G. (2014). Beyond the MOOC model: changing educational paradigms. Educause, Review Online. Retrieved from: USE
41 References Mazoue, J. G. (2014). Beyond the MOOC model: changing educational paradigms. Educause, Review Online. Retrieved from USE Sandeen, C. Integrating MOOCs into traditional higher education: The emerging MOOC 3.0 Era., Change, 45(6), doi: / Young, J. R. (2013). California State U. will experiment with offering credit for MOOCs. Chronicle of Higher Education, January 25, 2013, 59 (20). Young, J. R. (2013). Will MOOCs change campus teaching? Chronicle of Higher Education, Nov. 15, 2013, 60(11).
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