Back to E. 29 th Street Where Fact and Fiction Revisit Kips Bay, N. Y.

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1 Bak o E. 29 h S Wh Fa and Fon Rv Kp Bay, N. Y. Im Suon Amo Pubaon

2 Abou h Auho Im Suon (b. 1928), a nav Nw Yok, andd gad hoo (P. S. 116, 96, & 40) and Swad Pak Hgh Shoo (10 h gad) on h Ea Sd. H ha vd n Chago, San Fano a w a Lo Ang, gaduang fom Hoywood Hgh Shoo. H wokd fo h U. S. Fo Sv n Souhn Cafona, fghng fo f, and a vd a a aona naua wh h Naona Pak Sv a Lak Mad Naona Raon Aa (NV/AZ). H vd n vaou apa wh h aw ba of h Ba Aoaon of h Cy of Nw Yok and Lo Ang Couny. H vd n h A Fo a Book AFB, San Anono, TX. H and a Ph. D. n gogaphy a h Unvy of Cafona, Lo Ang. H pofo mu fom Cafona Sa Unvy, Fuon, wh h augh uua gogaphy, onvaon, aw and nvonmn, and wa ou pannng fom 1964 o H ha bn a mmb of va doa boad of jouna and uny an do and onuan. Wh no bng an uban pa, h dd udy uban gogaphy and uban pannng and fo a m wokd fo h Lo Ang Couny Pannng D. Suon ha auhod and dd book dang wh Aman Indan and, oay and poa gogaphy Indan Land Tnu (1975); Aman Indan Toay, a ah gud, hp://hop.ou.du/a.hm.; 2005; Indan Affa & Gogaph, 2004; a do, Idmab Ama: Th Indan Ea and Land Cam(1985); a odo (wh Rhmond Cow), Tuhp n Chang: Towad Tba Auonomy n Rou Managmn (2001). H uny odng wh Dan Co (Smhonan Inuon) Caogaphy n Indan Affa. Suon ao a fm amau ompo/pan, havng wn om 100 pano p.

3 Bak o Ea 29 h S Wh Fa and Fon Rv Kp Bay, N. Y. Im Suon Gogapha 3 Amo Pubaon Fuon, Cafona Gogapha 3, Amo Pubaon, Fuon, CA Tx may b quod wh d gvn. Phoo fom vaou ou, d dnfd. Th a non-pof, aadm and pona pubaon, and no fo a und any uman.

4 Phoo on Book Cov E. 29 h S n h upp n. 1 Avnu on h gh (a); 2 nd Avnu o h f (w). 315 wa oad on h noh d of h fou doo n fom 2 nd Avnu. I wa on down n h 1960, pad by h Hny Phpp Paza Noh, a 21 oy apamn ompx. On h ouhd of h fom h on of 29 h S ouh o 28 h S, aong 2nd Avnu, h Hny Phpp Paza W. A h on of 29 h and 2 nd Avnu h fom Chuh Shoo, whh a wa h Madon Squa Boy and G Cub. Th ompx wa ompd n An vn a Boy Cub budng wa on 30 h S bak-o-bak wh my apamn budng. Fah down 29 h S h Rnwk Tow, whh pad od nmn a w a h Cam Paoha Shoo, and owad h on of 1 Avnu, h Chuh of Ou Lady of Sapua wa ao pad. Avag hgh of budng n h md-1930 wa 5 o 6 o; oday, o o 21 o. Ao, h w amo no on h bok; oday h gn andap and h mova of h 2 nd Avnu E a a vy dffn uban nvonmn. Phoo downoadd fom Goog. No: h gn aow ghy w of 315 whh h add uzd o oban h mag. Commn on h Phoo Many of h od phoo, pay ho ha hav bn dgzd, do no podu and pn vy w om a una, ou of fou, o ohw ju poo opy. Y hy hp a oy. So fogv my wanng o nud hm. (Fo phoo and map d, p.172) v

5 Ddaon My famy ha bn muh nvovd n h da and h dvopmn of h book. Logay and affonay, h book bong o my gandon, Aaon, who wa 8 whn I bgan o dvop onn. H ha bn h npaon o omp h poj. My daugh, Hd, a hgh hoo hoy ah, ha nouagd m, a ha my wf, Do, a fom oa ud/ gogaphy and hom onom ah. I ao wan o mmb my od boh Jaffy ( ), who had o many of h xpn wh w vd on h Ea Sd. Fnay, I mu aknowdg ho youh I had known and ho I ddn, fo f any of hm a among u and hu n h vn o od, hy mgh hoo o v wh m h od nghbohood fo b o wo. Ivng Ha, hoan of h Madon Squa Boy (and G) Cub, and ao Bn Gazaa, a wo od-m who knw h nghbohood n h I ddn know h of hm and ony know Ivng by phon ha and opondn. H ha had h wokng hoy of h ub. v

6 Tab of Conn Fowod and Aknowdgmn On Bng a Gogaph Oganzaon of Book & Wng Sagy Aknowdgmn x Inoduon: Th Ra & Vua Nw Yok 1 Aaon & I Pou ov Som Map A Gogaph Vw of Uban Chang Soundmak & Landmak Fama Gound I. 29 h S, Kp Bay and h Nghbohood 21 Tnmn and Apamn Ho Nghbohood Tanon o h Pn Conmpoay Kp Bay Soundmak and Landmak Naby and Fama II. Th S a Paygound; Madon Squa 61 Boy Cub III. So, Sv, Tha and Mda 71 Cn IV. P. S. 116 and Oh Shoo 81 V. Rgou Cn 89 VI. Lba, Booko, and Nwand 101 v

7 Fa & Fah Couny VII. E, Subway and Sa 109 VIII. Dvoak Hou; Suyvan Pak 123 IX. Qunboo Bdg; Oh Bdg 129 and h Ea Rv X. Tp o Jy: F and Tunn 135 XI. In Lu of an Epogu 143 Appnd No: Onn and Oh Sou 145 Phoo and Map Cd 172 Sv Bbogaphy 173 Sv Indx 179 v

8 Exhb Avw of 29 h S oday ov Fowod F. 1 Conmpoay Kp Bay & Ea Sd x Inoduon: In.1 Mopoan Nw Yok Cy (map) 2 In.2 Low Manhaan & Kp Bay (map) 4 In.3 Th Qunboo Bdg & h Ea Rv 8 In.4 Emp Sa Budng: A Landmak 15 In.5 Dmoon fo Suyvan Town 18 In.6 Low 2 nd Avnu n Gdok 19 I. 29 h S, Kp Bay and h Nghbohood E. 29 h S Hny Phpp Apamn on E. 31 S Bownon and Oh Rdn h S n La Kp Bay Ovookng 29 h S h S & F Avnu S and 3 d Av. EL Land Book of h Boough of Manhaan Hou a 203 E. 29 h S Th Kp Bay Supbok Md Kp Bay Paza & NYU Mda Cn Kp Bay Paza S n Dvopmn Ma Pan fo Kp Bay Paza Hny Phpp Paza W Th Ea Sd and Kp Bay h S & Kp Bay A Tou Vw of Kp Bay 46 v

9 h S & Hny Phpp Paza h S Lookng Ea Kp Bay Paza a 1 Avnu & 30 h S h S & Nw Yok Songn Nw Yok Unvy Mda Cn a/b Sv Ho S a/b Snffn Cou HoLandmak 58 II Th S a Paygound; Madon Squa Boy Cub h S: Th 3 d Av EL Saon, P. S. 14, 60 & Sba 2.2 Soopba: Mo Popua Sdwak Gam a/b Goudy Gum Cad of h Eay Od Madon Squa Boy Cub Bdg Th Chuh Shoo 69 III. So, Sv, Tha & Mda Cn 3.1 Typa Mak on 29 h S h S Nw Fhou d Avnu Goy So Loa Moon Pu Tha Mda Row: 1 Avnu Bvu Hopa & Expanon 80 IV. P. S. 116 and Oh Shoo 4.1 May Lndy Muay Emnay Shoo PS 116 & Adjan Hgh-R Apamn Paoha Shoo on 29 h S Cam paoha hoo on 29 h S. 87 x

10 4.5 PS 14: Od Gad Shoo on 27 h S 88 V. Rgou Cn 5.1 Chap of h Inanaon Chuh of h Good Shphd Adh E Tamud Synagogu S. Vaan Cahda S. Sphn Caho Chuh S. Sphn 29h S Enan Camp Ivoyon Lodg n Connu 99 VI Booko, Lba, and Nwand 6.1 Fouh Avnu Book Row d Avnu & 32 ND S Nwand S. Gab Pak Banh Lbay Kp Bay Banh Lbay 106 VII. E, Subway and Sa 7.1 Had Squa: 34 h S., Boadway, 108 & 6 h Avnu d Avnu EL: Vw fom 14 h S (?) Ino Wang Aa: EL Saon Th 28 h S Saon of h 3 d Av. EL a/b Dmoon of h 2 nd & 3 d Avnu EL Typa Vw und an EL NYC Subway and EL Ln h & 29 h S Coown Rou a/b Ho Sa 122 x

11 VIII. Dvoak Hou and Suyvan Pak nd Avnu Lookng Noh fom 14h S Sau of Anonn Dvoak Suyvan Pak Gamy Pak 127 IX. Qunboo Bdg, Oh Bdg & h Ea Rv 9.1 Qunboo Bdg wh Sa Ea Rv and Sapan Po Appoah o Qun Mdown Tunn Bookyn Bdg and Vw of Long 134 Iand Cy X. Tp o Jy 10.1 Ga Nw Yok: Bdg & Tunn Vazano Bdg & Th Naow Typa Fy: Dokng a San Iand Lnon Tunn:Manhaan o Whawkn Manhaan Sm fom Whawkn, NJ 141 x

12 F. 1 CONTEMPORARY KIPS BAY & EAST SIDE A wd vw of Kp Bay foung on E. 29 h S (na h n of h phoo).th hgh- apamn ompx nud h Hny Phpp Paza W, Noh and Ea, a w a h Kp Bay Paza whh bound by 30 h and 33 d and 1 and 2 nd avnu. Th Ea Rv a h gh; adjan h Fankn Roov (FDR)Pakway. Squnay o h w a 1, 2 nd, 3 d and Lxngon avnu. On h noh 35 h S, and on h ouh, 24 h S. Na h op of h phoo ju a of 3 d Avnu and on 33 d S P. S A I vw h a ubanap, domnad by apamn and mda ow aong 1 Avnu..Wha and ou a a andmak wa h Madon Squa Boy (and G) Cub now ny gon fom h nghbohood. Phoo by Goog, a downoadd, Fa x

13 Fowod and Aknowdgmn Eay on, I had n mnd a gogaphy of h pa of Kp Bay, a nghbohood n Mdown on h Ea Sd of Manhaan. Pofonay, ha woud onu an hoa gogaphy. To b u, on an hady w abou h gogaph pa of a pa whou dang wh hoy. In own gh, Kp Bay hoay mo gnfan fo aoaon wh h Rvouonay Wa. I onmpoay mnn, f ha h gh wod, fou on pm oaon na upown bu ao whn a mda d. Raonaby, I quond myf a o how vab h nghbohood wa n my youh o wan o onu h md I ony vd h a a gad hoo youh, and I nv hough of havng dd n a pomnn on of h y. Th mo I pondd h da of a pofona udy, h I wa namod wh h vnu. No ha I wa no up o h ah ak, pona fd wok, and ona wh many pon. No wa my mmoy of ha nghbohood ompy vod af nay vny ya. Th u, a I aw hn and do, ha I anno onn wh ndvdua I had known hn. I f oo young, no o un, any bfo ang fndhp woud b mad. Conquny, I am o bv ha a mo ufu book woud b a m- auobogapha aoun of my youh on h Ea Sd. I woud daw mo upon mmoy of pa han on pon mpy bau I movd away a ag 10. I woud k fa bu pobaby p no om fona naav ony bau I pum om uh n my oon. Of ou, I ao fad an aadm podu woud fa way ho x

14 of h pofona, and hu fa o v h doub objv of vng h od nghbohood a w a muang an n n gogaphy of h man-mad nvonmn. A da mgd, a mo hybd y ponazd appoah ook hod. I mgh xpo, o I hough, Kp Bay a a a udy o x ha nopoad od gogaph anay wh pona obvaon. I woud un o map, phoo, wb, opondn, and oh ou, and ad how I dovd and uzd h ou maa. (S No) Ra pon oday w mak mpoan npu o h aoun; hopfuy, vn a fw ndvdua who hak bak o h am ya I am wng abou w nhan h ho and gogaph pa. A a pofo of gogaphy, d fo mo han a dad, I oud ady ahv muh of h onuon, bu uy I w av gap, bank pa a w, and hu I an no am h book a pofona job. I hav nnonay mnmzd mhod and jagon n ng h oy. Y I oud no avod om aadm appoah n my ah fo fa o vauaon of my fndng. Of a h pa I hav vd, 29 h S hon bau I dd h and on h Ea Sd h ong n my hdhood h ya, and fou oh ya wh n Manhaan. Ea, I vd fah downown on Madon Avnu, hn a on 2 nd Avnu, hn upown, hn a un o h aa, and umay o Gnwh Vag on h w d. My famy, no hank o a, jouna fah, movd abou a ga da, way oo muh a I a, bak and foh boh fom and whn Nw Jy, and n many oaon n Manhaan, muh a n Chago and hn on h W Coa. Howv, I wa bon n Nw Yok, dp pndng my f ya and a haf n Nwak and naby, and I f a an affny fo h Ea Sd dp h ga gap n m. W, I xv

15 uy ak k a Nw Yok (fo now and hn, among oh wod o pha, I ay buz and aad, ombnng afad and ad.) I hav pf objv, h pmay on bng o onu ha nghbohood vn f nompy, and n h po k o haaz h aa pay bau of h dynam nvonmna hang ha am abou af h Sond Wa and houghou h A uh I wan o ha my vw of h nw uban n and hu povd om ngh no how w obv and omphnd nvonmna hang. I nnd ha h book woud hav a mxd audn phap a young a juno hgh n, bu I am unu how od, bau h onaon on h youhfu pa, no h muh od onmpoay. Audy, many Nw Yok, pa and pn, mgh fnd h aoun mo povoav, bu I do no u ou an n by pon vng wh. A uh, I hop my aoun w nv n n gogaphy and hoy, phap uban pannng, ahu, mu (my amau fd) o, n um, h pa, pn and fuu of h man-mad nvonmn. (In n h ompu fvdn fo many pona ad.) Ea 29 h S bu on n Kp Bay. Fgu In.2 w how you ha h gna nghbohood whn a fw bok of h Ea Rv fom, ay, Fouh (Pak) Av and fom 34 h S ouh o 23 d S. In Manhaan, appoxmay mak a m, o h noh/ouh aa of Kp Bay abou ½ m pu and h wdh avag omwha mo. No ha may man oo muh o you, bu ha aoun fo abou 240 a; mo fam and vn om pak a muh ag. Of ou, h bound of Kp Bay dpnd upon who dbng h d. Inngy xv

16 nough, h nam Kp Bay do no ng a b fo m; I wa 6 10 whn I vd n ha nghbohood o naby. I gw up akng abou h Ea Sd whou any ay. I any ddn dnguh dfn fo h nghbong d uh a Gamy Pak o Muay H. I wa hn, and now vn mo, awa ha 29 h S md a bounday of h od nmn aa of poo houng and oh nng omma and ndua vnu. I no a nghbohood known fo mpoan andmak. A I no a, I ddn vn know h nam of my gad hoo! Ony a numb -- P. S [Th nam May Lndy Muay, h nam ao ha of h adjan nghbohood o h mmda noh Muay H.] A o fnd fom Bookyn may onnd ha h ony knw h gad hoo by numb. Th vaon houd ugg o h ad ha om of my fa and h npaon mu b quond up o a pon. Founay, va ad vng a f hav dovd mak and omon, and hav advd m n ou o ompon of h voum. On Bng a Gogaph My fqun wandng n Manhaan a a kd n a way ppad m a a gogaph, ahough I had no da ha uh a pofon vn xd, muh on I woud hoo fo a f wok. Cany, uh wa no on my mnd a ag 6, 7, 8 o 9. I ad on oaon Naona Gogaph, bu I ay njoyd poung ov map of vy knd. If my mmoy don fa m h, I a a a on o mo ay gogaph, pay on of Nw Yok Cy. Phap I aw a hoo o a on of h ba a fw bok fom ou apamn. Im od ha h y hoo dd no uz x ha w modfd fo Nw Yok hoo. Thu uh a xv

17 gogaphy wa pobaby a bay book. On by a Saubnmu (1924) may w hav ndd up n my hand. I had om nouagmn o an mo of h Ea Sd and byond. My od boh wa a bonhad whn am o knowng wh h wa. H d upon m whn w wn on ou uban xuon. Bu uh d p up and down h and, o ao own, ddn man w and a o abou oh nghbohood o woud mmb pf budng and oh oa fau. Fo xamp, I wa nv good a ang au n pak. Dvoak vy pa, a you w, bau I wa a udn of mu. I ao knw wh Cang Ha wa oad. Anyway, o muh fo yng o onu wha mad m a gogaph. Oganzaon of book and wng agy On of my og pofo ( Spn & Thoma 1969) on akd abou "Fama Gound" and "Fa Couny." H and a oagu a wo abou how w ay on dnfy wh hom and nghbohood and hn bgn o pv a b mo and hn o mo of h nvonmn n whh w v and mov abou. Ou a obvaon bgn n h hom and phap n ou gadn, ou fon a h dwak and and wh ou nghbo on h d of u, and phap ao h. I gw up n apamn on h a d of Manhaan, o I knw my budng and mmda nghbo on my foo and phap om of h kd wh n h apamn budng o on h bok. I dd g nvovd wh a fw kd n h naby apamn. Evn hough w movd aound a o, I d o g o know wh h o w. In ho day, vn a a vy young kd n h 1930, I wa n o h on 'ga' o o g ga fo my fok (of ou, ha no aowd h day). xv

18 A m wn on, h bounda of fama gound xpandd a I wakd o gad hoo whh wa fv ho bok. Whn w movd way upown on h Ea Sd, I am o nhab om of h fa ouny, hangng hoo and oa o, mng dffn kd. Bu oon bam anoh fama gound. My pofo faouny woud ak you byond you ouny and vn ao a n. Th happnd whn I wa n and w movd o Chago; w wn by an ovngh (h Nw Yok Cna va a pa of Canada). Wh ah majo mov -- a o San Fano by a, hn o Lo Ang by bu -- I nd nw fa ouny and bam mmd n y anoh fama gound. I hav nay foowd h mod of fama gound and fa ouny n h oganzaon of h book -- bgnnng on h bok and mmda uoundng, oa o, h hoo, huh, hn fah away n any don and vnuay o h Qunboo Bdg o h Jy Paad. Aknowdgmn Th no a book ha oud b ompd and wn whou a ga amoun of hp gvn o gaouy, wngy, oopavy wha an I ay? On I go on h Inn I mad numou dov and m oun pop who offd m hp n o many way. Wh do I a? Whom do I gh by no ang wh hm o h? So ba wh m a I hm o you bu no nay n any pa od. Loa pon w quky dnfd. I wa amazd. Eonoa DBnado of h Madon Squa Boy and G Cub od m h gw up on 29 h, appany ao h fom m, bu h wa pobaby a odd n my a ya h. H moh wa h upnndn of h budng on ha d of h. Paa Pado, Banh Manag of h Kp Bay xv

19 Pub Lbay on 3 d Av bwn 31 and 32 nd, wakd h nghbohood and n m gan phoo, om of whh I hav nudd. Sh wo houghfu apon; h phoo bough o f wha aa phoo an ony ay you! (Tha bay banh am no xn n h 1970; n my m w wakd many bok noh o ouh o a pub bay.) Sh ha onnud o off aan n vaou way. I dovd ha h Chap of h Inanaon on 31 na 2 nd Av bam ndpndn, hangng nam o Chuh of h Good Shphd. Rvnd Davd Caon od m ha h huh pono kd a Inanaon Camp a Ivoyon, CT. I wa h 3 umm! Bu a mmb of ha huh Ma Foay -- n m a vng mon by Rvnd Noa Fnga, fom pao of ha huh, whom I mmb, and h pok of fa, om of whh I nv knw, ha nay bough m o a. Anoh onbuo Wam Mugan, who vd na h aa a a youh, movd away, bu onnud o v gandpan naby and wokd n h nghbohood wh h Nw Yok Po Dpamn. H uny a uy manag wh h Hny Phpp Paza W on 2 nd Av. bwn 28 h and 29 h S. Sva pon gaouy had nfomaon o phoo, uh a dd Fank Pfuh ( Eaoad.og) and Lawn S ( h book By h E.) I do wan o nud Noman Ro, a Nw Yok pubh n h own gh, who pubhd my f book (abou Indan and); h ha bn a good oun fom h bgnnng. And h hn pa-m aan, Laa Ah, who vd fo a m a my ah ad n h map, phoo and mofm oon of h Nw Yok Pub Lbay. Ao, I wan o aknowdg h pa aan of Mahw Wauko, a ompu gaph dgn, who mad many phoo mo adab and xud oh ho. I xx

20 nud h Smon Wgh, a gadua udn n gogaphy a Cafona Sa Unvy, Long Bah, who ompuppad Fgu 1.22a/b. Af nay wo ya wokng a h ak of pung h book ogh, I nound Ivng Ha, who a a ong-andng mmb of h Madon Squa Boy and G Cub, and who gw up on E. 27 h S, ompng h wng of a hoy of h ub. H mnn gv m onfdn n my own oon. H wokng : Wom o h Cub: A Phoogaph Hoy & Mmo of a Pa On Cad h Madon Squa Boy Cub. Sphn L. My, auho of Manhaan Lo Sa, n m phoogaph daa of h 28 h /29 h S Coown Raway, whh vanhd bfo my m, a w a phoo of ho a. Bu, n ay, h bam a vounay do, who augh many ypogapha o a w a ho of fa, pay n h hap foung on anpoaon. Muh hank, Sphn. Bf mnon of oh n od: Pofo Andw Doka, Coumba Unvy, Ahua Hoy - -h an auhoy on fhou. Fah Afd Iaon of h Cam Od, Mown, NY, fo a phoo of h Cam Paoha Shoo. Fah San Haow, pao of h S. Sphn Caho Chuh fo onfmaon on phoo. Hay Baon. ahua hoan, Coumba Unvy, who ao had od phoo. Fnay, oh aknowdgmn mu appa mo a d n h No o Onn Rfn o n phoo apon. I had hopd o ouh ba wh h ao Bn Gazzaa who vd on my bok. H wo ya young han I, and bau I had f o ay on doubfu I knw hm a a youh. Indd, h and h famy movd no h nghbohood xx

21 aound h am m a w dd, n I dd mak ona wh on of h fnd, bu unfounay Gazzaa ha no bn w hu no pon o my nquy. Bu wh fn o E. 29 h S, Gazzaa, n a doumnay fm, pok of how h go ou of a nghbohood of nmn on h bok bwn 1 and 2 nd avnu. A a youh, h had mad vy ffo o g up o Boadway o ag pay and fm, vn payng hooky fom hoo. Ea h pfomd n h many pay agd by h Madon Squa Boy Cub, whh wa on ou bok af my m. In h nvw, h ommnd: I ad h h way of h on I hnk I found H had vd a 318, andd h Cam Paoha Shoo nx doo, and a, andd Suyvan Hgh on 15 h S. Had I onnud vng h, I up ha I woud hav ao gon o Suyvan. Whn I am bak o Nw Yok n h fa of 1942, I nod a Swad Pak Hgh fah down on h Low Ea Sd. Phap I w y ha fom M. Gazzaa. Fuon, Cafona Januay 2008 Im Suon [I ow a db o h uy of h Inn. In a way h book dmona h vay of h Inn fo gahng nfomaon and daa, nudng map and phoo ha I hav downoadd. Thu, h No on mak avaab mo of h u uzd fo h udy. Th wb w a vd n h Spng, xx

22 On Rvng E. 29 h S Af ony a fw p, I aw ha h wa no f a fw pdan, ha wa a. Th md dd and ad. I ookd o my f and h wa h Boy Cub wh I had and o hop. Thy w ang down. Bu fo m woud away man who.* I md ha vyhng had bn dmohd and pad by mn bok, ond by omm, h wa no wamh, no fng. Th nw dwng any oud no hav bn bu wh pop n mnd. Th oop, wh nghbo oud and o, ak, augh, and gop w no mo. And o wa wh h goy o, h buh hop, h podu mak Bn Gazzaa In h Momn: My Lf a an Ao, 2004 (pp ) * Ivng Ha, hoan of h Madon Squa Boy and G Cub, nfomd m (Juy 2007) ha M. Gazzaa wa makn. Th ub wa hn novang h budng (a ay 1990). In 1999 h Chuh Shoo ook poon of h budng.

23 Inoduon Ra & Vua Nw Yok Aaon and I Pou Ov Som Map My gandon Aaon ha a wd uoy and, a mo kd do, ak many quon. H uuay ak abou pa h pan, a and, bau h hang aound m a o, h nvonmn, pay naua hazad. Ak hm anyhng abou voano and h k. Bu h ao ha akd m: Papa, wha wa k whn you w a kd, k my ag? W, ha woud hav mad m 8, gong on 9. Wha wa k? I woud nd o bgn wh: Wh wa I vng? Of ou, on h Ea Sd of Manhaan, on 29 h S, off 2 nd Avnu. So I woud pond: L m you abou Nw Yok, a a ho pa I knw a a kd you ag. Now, Aaon knw Nw Yok wa on h a oa of Noh Ama and ha a vy bg y on h Aan. I go ou a fodd map of Nw Yok and nvon. Fo m, wa a oga way o a. H wa aady dawng h own map, knw h a, n fa, h onnn, oan and vn mo. W opnd h map of Nw Yok Cy and Vny (AAA, 2005/06) Th bg map on of nohn Nw Jy and a of Nw Yok Cy. I pond o Manhaan and mad my uua mak abou my bh: You know, I wa bon on an and! Sn Aaon and h fok had bn o Hawa va umm, h ookd a m, a b puzzd. You man Hawa? Mayb Mau [Tha h favo]

24 In.1 METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CITY Nw Yok omp fv boough Manhaan, Bonx, Qun, Bookyn, and San Iand (Rhmond). A bu h Bonx a and oaon. Manhaan bound by h Ea Rv (auay a a) and h Hudon Rv -- h mmda bounday wh Nw Jy. Kp Bay on h Ea S d nm d own.mapf om N wyok Cy and V n y, AAA2005/ \\ 2

25 No,no;Manha ani and.you,mo ofn wyo kc y mad up of and. A good Japady [h TV quz how] qu onm ghb : Wh h h ony pa of Nw Yok Cy ha on h manand ofno ham a? Aaon wa baffd; huggd h houd. So I anwd: ThB onx! Ev y h ng and Manhaan, Long Iand, whh nud Bookyn and Qun, and San Iand. So, you, Nw Yok a y of bdg o of hm. Anyway, a kabou hea S d. I und h map ov o a dad map ju of Manhaan. Unfounay,Aa on homdo no d n an od nghbohood ahough h own f bng ovakn by hou and ha a dpang ohad and fam, a uaon ha ngufd Nw Yok mo han a nuy ago. (L m you ha I ad n Tm magazn ha h a fam n Manhaan wn ou of xn n I woud hav hough muh a n m.) By ompaon, Aa on own a dup n h a 1900.N w Yo khab n aound n h And, a I od hm, my od nghbohood vn mo han a nuy od. I wa pobaby n om way a a a haf-nuy od whn I vd h n h md So h a k d: Do you m mb any h ng ofyou hom?whawa k? Myhomwaanapa m nbu d ng om y dw f o apamn a h hou ndd, wa a nmn, vy od, now on down, had fv o and a fon away of phap 10 a. I ao had a fu bamn o o oa fo h wn, a gabag aa wh a dumb wa, 3

26 In.2 LOWER MANHATTAN & KIPS BAY Kp Bay on of many nghbohood makng up Nw Yok Cy. Load n Mdown on h Ea Sd, xnd nay fom 4h Avnu o h Ea Rv and fom ju ouh of 34h S. o h ow 20. Muay H on h noh; Cha and Gamy Pak a w and ouh, and h Low Ea Sd may b ad o bgn a 23d S. Many map and h dpon do no aoun fo Kp Bay a a. Map f om N wyo kc yandv n y, AAA,2005/

27 oag bn fo unk and h k, a w a an apamn f o h up. Iwa u hwa gong o ak abou a of ha,buhd dn.wmov don Whawayou k? D d youkno w a oof k d? D dyoud v o hoo v yday? Goodqu on, a. So I bgan: Ww f vo x n a, v ng nmybu d ngo ho nx doo and ao h o wh n h nghbohood aound 29h S. and 2nd Av. on h Ea Sd. Th E an od by n ga numb vy fw mnu and a ngh! Ou gad hoo -- P. S wa a fw of b o kaway Papa,d dn you hoohavanam?[ H a d Bn Fankn]. I d dodo, Ma yl nd ymu aye m n a y Shoo. I am od ha om hoo nam w ony addd af Wo dwai I. Youa kabouf nd,w,i h nkw p na mo han h ya ogh a hoo, bu mayb on of h boy movd away oon. I dd fo a ho m, hn movd bak, ad I had movd o Cafona [whh I dd wo ya a]. Bu I wn o a dffn hoo [P. S. 40]. I aw wo o h of h od goup, hn af avng Nw Yok, I o ouh wh a of hm. Whad dyo uandyoubudd do, kaf hooo on hw k nd? Whadgoo d m, wam n h dy Ea Rv, w yd a o g ou, pkd up by h po boa, bau whn h dw nou,w ou dn a h h ow ungon h whaf add. W pn om afnoon m a a nwand on 3d Avnu. W hpd hv magazn and go o ad h 5

28 om. In ho ya, Mayo Foo LaGuada ad h om on ado on Sunday monng. Bu my fah bough hom wo pap vy monng, o w had pny of oppoun o ad h om. Bu magazn om w anoh ma. Som of u payd n h. Th w fw a mayb ju a po a [I mmb h wo-a Fod], a dvy van, mk uk, ao h uk. Oh, y, v nwagonpu dbyho. To h omm n,aa on y up. Ho!Wow! Anyway, h waop n, ow ou dp ayba. W kd a ba gam wh you o h ba on h gound o h h ba, and f you do, jump up and you y o ah. And fyo u do,you g h o and h n you u n! Smp gam, o off un.tha hwayi m mb v ngon hea S d. Aaon hough abou wha I wa ng hm and hn akd: L ooka hmap ommo.canyou how m wh 29h S? Lookh, hea R v a I you why n a v and h aa ha bg o o of bown, ha B vuho p a.i v d a ound h o n f om! I pond o 29h S. Tha pa of hea S d. Rgh now, Aaon wa akng moy abou why h Ea Rv no a v. So I b hm and a h ad. W, Aaon, h Ea Rv moy ay, k h oan; ay ha no u ou of wa fom h and, k h Hudon do. Th Hudon way n h noh of Nw Yok Sa. Bu h Ea Rv pa of Long Iand Sound, whh an xnon of h Aan Oan a ay wa, no whh v fow. Bu h Ea Rv ook k a v 6

29 bau naow. Evn h Ham Rv, whh paa Manhaan fom h Bonx, a a, no a u v, bu do g om fh wa fom h Hudon, o phap k a banh of h Hudon. In fa, n h Ham g omwa f om hhud on, odo hea R v. I go o hnkng ha h duon byond hm, o I d dn y o xp a nd bu a ofa v aad a. Aa on y f o u dnoon hho p a,noon h, bu on h aow aongd h and avnu, and hn h pond o hm. Whaa ha ow? W, nn wyo kandn many oh, aff an ony go on way. Downown Lo Ang ha va on-way. Mo ffn ha way. S, 29h S go w, om how I m m mb ng haww n a on h wh n Iwaak d.i d n d an o d map op ov ha. I offd oo muh nfomaon, whn I od hm ha mo avnu and ag oown uh a 34h o 42nd had noma wo-way aff. (Fom nwpap o wh phoo, I ha vn 2nd and 3d avnu a on-way.) Mo avnu I knw w wo-way n h H had aady movd on o oh quon. H akd abou h Wod Tad Cn, o I howd hm on h map ha wa p a yma k d Fo m Wo dt adc n S. I o dh m haiwa a y haf ado wnh and. I dd g o v my gandfah ju off Wa S. on. Aaon go fuh nd n h map, nong Boadway gong dagonay down h and. I od hm ha ak an od Indan a. H ad wh h fng h vaou bdg. H mmbd dvng on h Vnn Thoma Bdg ov h Lo Ang Rv and havng dvn 7

30 In.3 THE QUEENSBORO BRIDGE & THE EAST RIVER Typa vw of a ugboa pung a bag on h Ea Rv pa h Qunboo Bdg (nay 59h S on h Manhaan d). Wh h boa and oh pd h v day and ngh, n h wam wah many of u kd ndd up wmmng off 30h S o naby. W had no da ha h v, n ay, a a, an am of Long Iand Sound, whh an xnon of h Aan. Phoo fom: Th Ea Rv, Imag of Ama (Chaon, SC: Aada Pubh, 2005), p. 83. Phoo, a ao h Godn Ga Bdg o go h Mu Wood, noh of San Fano.. Doyou m mb wh nyouv dp bu gh, h w many bdg wh h h v om ogh. Nw Yo k a yo fb dg.l u nov hmap.lookaa of h d n and p ong h bu aa ov h v. Mo of hm o ov h Ea Rv, ony on onnng Nw Yok Cy wh Nw Jy h Gog Wa h ng on. I o dh m ha omo h miwou d xp a n why h a o fw bdg ov h Hudon Rv. Th nha k d: Whaa ho do? Aaon wa ang h do ov h wa. Th ya h ou of hf. 8

31 Papa, wh n d d you v N w Yo k, you nghbohood. I know you wn bak a by a ya ago. Mom od m ha a of you ook a p dung h Bnnna andyouw n on wyo k,v dg andmaj n. Y,and ha h a miwa n h y.ju abou 30 ya ago. So muh mu hav hangd. Mayb vn b f o 1976.A y o u u ou? Su.How anwf ndou? I go o hnkng abou. Wh wha I know abou gogaphy and hoy, abou map and aa phoo, and how o u h Inn, I pod an da o hm. Whynomak ap oj.l ka hooa gnm n. H ook o h d a. CanIh p? You b.you an b n.i w you n o h aoun. Mayb houd b fon. Wha do you hnk? W oud mak a oy ha young pop, k you, oud ad and ao an omhng abou gng nfomaon and oh maa fo a poj. Tha ag a d a. Ij u hougha o ha ou dbw nf ok d fom you ag o mayb 12 o 14, moy mdd hoo o a b young.do hamak n? Shou di y onud od budd who v don hb o kw hm? G a d a.doyou kno wanyo f h m? Bfo I oud mov on, Aaon akd abou h dahd n ong h v. Tho a how ng hau oand ubway unn und h v. S h Hoand Tunn, h od, onn Nw Jy wh ow Manhaan. Tha h on of h way my gandfah ud vy day gong o and fom wok. Of ou, on oaon, h dd ak h fy ao fom Whawkn o 40h S n md-manhaan and hn ak a ubway 9

32 [pobaby h 7h Avnu] ouh o Wa S. H wokd a an ngn fo an nuan ompany ju off Wa S. Fah upv h Lnon Tunn, whh wa bng bu wa I wa you ag, onn Nw Yok wh Whawkn, NJ, wh myg andpa n v d. Youw a k ngabo umy od budd, and I hav o you ha I oud a wh omhng abou hm ya ago no vy muh -- and hn y o fnd hm now, and mak up h oy abou wha happnd o hm. Thy oud hn hp pu ogh h od nghbohood a w a m mb. A happnd, Aaon kd h da bu I dd no umay fnd woud fy oo w. So I abandond n favo of a m-auobogapha aoun. I mu adm ha my f qu o pu on pap omhng of my hdhood and my od nghbohood fo my gandon, who abou h ag I wa whn I vd on 29h S. In a way, of ou, I do wan o how young ad who pobaby an how m vn mo, fa and b how o g a o of fa fom x, map, phoo, Inn, ona, and a oh man. I am a ah a ha. AG og aph V wofu ba nchang A a gogaph, I uppo my duy, o o pak, o np h uban andap of Nw Yok n a way ha woud ona wh a dpon mad by a dn, vo, o phap vn a munpa offa. Th a o many way o ak abou Nw Yok. I w do o on h boad a fo om aon bu hn fou n on Manhaan, n n my youh I dd no v n any oh boough and phap, k o many Nw Yok, I avd h ubway and knw abou wha wa abov m. To m, Manhaan wa phap 10

33 h Ea Sd, ow Manhaan, h Ea Rv and h bdg. I had bn upown o h muum and Cna Pak, and downown, n pa, bau I andd Swad Pak Hgh Shoo n my 10h gad. I ao know Gnwh Vag. Bu I am no a good udn of Bookyn, Bonx, Qun bn o a h boough phap ony on o w. And I nv vd San Iand, un a an adu, w od fom Nw Jy and onnud o wh w od h Vazano Bdg o Bookyn. A a youh, h Ea Sd wa vyhng. I had no no onabo ua ow o upp, o v nak pbay.i n a ya, whnv I od oh abou wh I vd, I pok of h Ea Sd a bng vyhng. Howv, n I had vd on 22nd aound h on fom Gamy Pak, I knw uh a nghbohood by nam. I wakd ondab dan, ook h E o ubway,bud dnohavaf m g a pof h y d v g og aphy.id dn kno w hea R v waa a, an am of h oan, y I wam n ha v. In a way, I knw h paad own of Nw Jy Whawkn pay b han I knw oh boough of Nw Yok. So muh fo a youhfu gogaph duaon. I fyou ookaamapo f h yand g on,you ha mo of Nw Yok mad up of and. I o fo m o ay ha I wa bon on an and, bu I uppo on hady az ha Manhaan an and dp h Hudon Rv on h w and h Ea Rv on h a. Ya ago h waatv how a d Cand dcam a, and h af f woud noun pop on h and ak hm quon. Lk, wh w o a n Manhaan. Bu I don mmb f hy akd anyon abou h pa hy vd n, uh a an and. Bu bau h a o many and, h a o many bdg and unn. Whn I wa a kd, w aady 11

34 had many bdg ov h Ea Rv and ony on onnng Manhaan o Nw Jy h Gog Wahngon Bdg upown. Th Hudon a vy dp v, avd by ga many houand ya ago, phap oo dp n pa o uppo a bdg. Bu a ong m ago, ngn managd o onu h Hoand Tunn ha onn h Bay o Nw Jy, and a, h Lnon Tunn n wo ag, n h a 1930 whn aff wn boh way hough. Muh a, ond and hd ub w onud. Long bfo bdg and unn, w aady had f and hy opa n an aa of Nw Yok. W avd o Whawkn, ao fom 40h S o habou, by fy; a, w wn by bu ha ook h unn and hn wound way up h paad on h J y d.idon wan o ovook h fa ha Nw Yok away wand a bdg o San Iand, bu fo ya, I up, ngn w unu of h onuon ao Th Naow fom Bookyn. Of ou, fnanng pudd onuon dung h Evnuay, hy dd onu h Vazano Bdg (h wa an mpoan ay xpo, a wa Hudon). Th a oh bdg fom h Bonx o Long Iand. uh a h TBoough. Today, of ou, h mopoan aa gdd by majo hghway na, pakway and h k. And h a many unn fo a and fo an und h v. I uppo whn I movd o San Fano a ag 11, I f a hom: h agan a many bdg and f and muh a h Ba ym ha nud a pnuma ub und h bay. You a n n hoo om h ngabouyou y. I m u hy aboa muh mo oday bu w and ha Nw Yok mad up of fv boough, ah wh a pdn and oa govnmn. Eah boough ao a o pa of a ouny. 12

35 Compad? Y, n a way: mo whn on ouny. Som a do no aow o o ouny n and any no a n. Th a many jon uh a Mnnapo/S Pau paad moy by h upp Mpp Rv. On h oh hand, E Pao, Txa and Cudad Juaz, Chhuahua, Mxo, a paad by h Ro Gand and h nnaona bounday. Th pon ha Nw Yok pobaby moy gno h boough ym and ju go fom h o h by ubway, bu, an no muh hnkng abou oa govnmn: a pa of Nw Yok. Bu ao, a wh my xpn, I nv ay go o know muh abou h oh boough. I ay knw mo abou h Jy fang h Hudon Rv and h vw bak o h kyn of Manhaan. In ha n, fo m Nw Yok wa on boough and a a young boy Kp Bay on h Ea Sd wa my nghbohood. I hav Nw Yok fnd who ony ay know on boough. A fnd who wa fom Bookyn pondd o my quy ha h knw of Manhaan. I ao u ha f you ommu and ohw av va ubway, you may nv know wha abov you xp a ah nd of you p. Th E mad pob o know mo of you y a dd (and do) oy and bu. Soundmak and Landmak W a know omhng abou andmak, whh of naua ogn o man-mad. g., Nagaa Fa o h Emp Sa Bdg. On h oh hand, oundmak, wh no a nw xpn, a y no ommon voabuay. Th uh a hng a a oundap. Eah nvonmn may b ad o nud gvn naua o man-mad ound ha dnguh h pa, phap dnfy unqun muh n h way andmak do. A pofo of mu and ompo a h 13

36 Unvy of Toono n Canada R. Muay Shaf-- no ony wo abou oundap, bu wn ou wh h udn o od naua and man-mad ound n vaou, own and ua aa. H ad wh h hom own, Vanouv, h ag y and a po n Bh Coumba, n wn Canada -- a y wh umbng on h noh, ahda hm, fog hon, h O Canada Hon, and oh ound n h uban ompx, many ju ompy o n h aophony (hah ahng ound). Bu h, h umb m ound, nudng h wok a n h monng, noon, and nd of wok day w odd a oundmak. (By h way, w oud ao ak abou h map, bu ha anoh oy.) L m appy a of h o h Ea Sd. A mo obvou oundmak am fom h E. Thy oundd n uh fquny ha you moy fog hy a h. Anoh oundmak, had ofn, a ound of hp movng up and down h Ea Rv. Oh ound a no oundmak uh a po and f vh. W w ju nough bok a of h Lxngon ubway ha ound w mud o no had a a. Whn I a vd n Gnwh Vag, h ubway an und ou budng and w had and omm f wa hakng h budng a b. Bu wha I mmb of h 2nd Avnu E wa h hng ound mad by h wh a a an movd aong a ghy uvd ak, pobaby vy o o 29h S. Mo pa n h wod hav a a on andmak ha dnf h gogaphy of ha pa. I may ju b a h wh vyhng py fa. Landmak, of ou, an 14

37 In.4 EMPIRE STATE BUILDING: A LANDMARK Compd by 1931,h Emp Sa Bdg onnu o pn a andmak. Whn h apamn n Kp Bay avagd 5 o 6 o n hgh, h Emp oud b ay n fom h nghbohood. Today many apamn ompx ah 21 o, obung a b vw of h Emp xp phap fom om hgh foo. Vw Lookng w o Nw Jy. Soy, phoo d o. 15

38 and a man-mad, no ju naua fau. In a pa k Nw Yok Cy, h v a andmak of o, bu h a oun andmak ha a h podu of man. Skyap m h dfnon w, bu oo many of hm du h mpoan. Y h Emp Sa Bdg, ompd n 1931, any quaf. Th Wod Tad Cn dd p h Emp n many way. A happn, on oud h Emp fom ou nghbohood. No ju fom any oaon budng dd g n h way and f you a oo o o h E, hy bokd you vw. Bu fom 1 Avnu and ookng up fom 33d S, you oud ay h budng. Anoh vanag pon wa h oof of h nmn and off budng. W had a good vw bau no oh budng wa hgh on ou w and noh. Bu kp n mnd ha o oa a andmak quky o mpoan. You vy day and g ud o bng h, amo no ng a a. Oh ay h am hng abou andmak. I an h pbuwan oaddaf a hai a n don y ny wh ang my gandon wh h 5h gad poj on Nw Yok Sa. W w dung anoh Nw Yok andmak h Sau of Lby. I and ha dp h fa Lby Iand (Sau of Lby Naona Monumn) w h n N w J y bo d, on d d byj o n a agmn gong bak o h 1830 o b n Nw Yok Sa. Why woud I o anyon ay nd o know h? Th a o many nng fa and I am ony dang wh a ma pa of h y. Of ou, no anoh andmak o n h uban huff, bu ony vb a o na h ouh oa of Manhaan Iand o phap fah nand fom a hgh- uu. I hav no xpn n h ond gad. 16

39 I no monumna dovy ha, dung h vny ya n I vd on h Ea Sd, ha aa and many oh pa of Nw Yok Cy nvonmna hang. Now hav undgon nomou and hn I w y o pn om xamp of h dynam of uh hang. Fo xamp, phap o naby dn and oh, h aff aong h FDR (Fankyn Roov) Dv uppand a oundmak. Today I v ju a a bok o wo of a majo fway and h ound of aff a now no ong oundmak bau hy ou vy momn o o. I woud hav bn a good anng xpn o nvw pop who vd adjan o h E and ak abou h aon ubqun o dmoon. Fo a m, no doub, h woud havb na ang n,bup hapaw om don!o d and nw andng d by d; h hgh of nw budng; h pn of a gn andap; h abn of h E, whh opnd up avnu o daygh and dmnhd an no and gh. And o on. Uban nwa an mpoan gogaph fa ofn ad gnfaon, a gna m fo ang down and budng anw. (On h ubj, Max Pa n h bbogaphy.) To b u, h phya hang o h uban nvonmn hopfuy mpovd h o of houand of pop. B houng; a fgao fo an box;, ga and gadn; b v and h k. I hav nudd a un phoo of aff ongon on a Nw Yok avnu. W n Souhn Cafona xpn gdok day a amo any hou, pay on ou fway. So I hnk nohng o vy abou uh aff. In Nw Yok and va oh ag mopoan aa, wakng aff an b ongd, pop bumpng no ah oh. Evn 17

40 In.5 DEMOLITION FOR STUYVESANT TOWN Th and ang o mak way fo Suyan Town, Th xnv uban nwa oup ghn bok boundd by 14h and 20h, 1 and C avnu. Th wa nay h bgnnng of h dmoon of h od nmn on h Ea Sd, and pdd h Souh Bvu Uban Rnwa dvopmn of h 1960, whh mad Kp Bay. Phoo ou h Nw Yok Hoa Soy; opd fom Fg n Max Pa, Th Cav Duon of Manhaan, (Unvy of Chago P, 1999). a a kd, I an a uh ongon, o muh o ha I a oo ofn movd quky o h ub and u aound pop by wa k ng n h.iwa n a on,bu wa a h ngyoung pop, pay boy, ndd o do. Downown Lo Ang do xpn om hou of h day wh moda ongon, bu no o muh o mnd m of Nw Yok. 18

41 In.6 LOWER 2nd AVENUE IN GRIDLOCK To my knowdg a a youh, nohng k h ongon woud hav oud on h Ea Sd n h Th bakup of aff on ow 2nd Avnu ud whn h y mpod a hkpon o pvn a wh fw han fou pang fom onnung no Manhaan. Th ndn oud dung a an k. Phap h aff fowd fom h Qun Mdown Tunn, whh dhag vh o 2nd Avnu fo downown dnaon. Th md-pu wh h hgh- x on boh d of h avnu, may b 17 S. Phoo by ay Aaff, Aoad P, pnd n h Lo Ang Tm, 12/21/05. 19

42 Fama Gound My apamn budng and, h on o, h paoha hoo ao h, h Chap of h Inanaon on 31 S and my hoo on 33d whn fama gound. How many m I had wakd on ho and h onnng avnu. I knw a of h uban fau by vw, phya ona, and by ound. Suy h 2nd Avnu E bong o h mmoy of pa, bu phap o h 3d Avnu E and h Fouh Av/Lxngon Av. ubway. If you av h aa and om bak, you f omfoab; you oy, a pa you dnfy wh, vn f you wan o g away fom h nghbohood. I a my and h budng, nudng h oof wh w ofn payd. Y om fau I hav fogon. Dp payng n h and, n umm, njoyng h opnd hydan o w oud g a w on a vy ho day, I do no a wh ha hydan wa oad. And I ndd fog f h wa a a on on h bok.

43 I 29h S, Kp Bay and h Nghbohood Tnmn and Apamn Wh w v hom, apamn, hu, n, nampmn uh pn fama o hom gound vn a vy ay ag. W an of ou uoundng a good oa gogaph. W may know ou whabou bu no hnk muh abou h haa of h pa, a a no a a ma hd. Bu a om pon, you kn awan gow fom a boadnng famay wh nghbohood: ompaon n you md ay. Apamn mngy a ookd ak o m, bu ju on h nx bok dffn w noab.-mo, mo vaab hgh of budng, many oh fao. Wha a h a dffn? Apamn dff n o many way; and hy uy dff fom nmn. Cond h quay of h uu; nmn ommony had odwa un, makng hm omwha hap. Room may hav bn ma. Phap fw apponmn n m of ha gh, apd foo, and h k. (Th an Inn ha du nmn. p. 154) I woud b nnd o ay ha 315 wa a han adqua apamn budng bu wha dd a kd know? Th apamn wa had by adao; n wn, w woud dap a gamn ov hm o g hm wamd up. My moh woud mak bad and h mxd fou n a pan on h adao o h bad woud bfo bakng. My gandmoh had don h am hng whn my moh wa a kd. Bu w dd hav ho wa. I a omhng ha w ak fo gand oday. Th w vy fw wa pug; many of ho budng w han 21

44 E. 29h STREET 315 E. 29h S, wh I vd h b pa of h ya. Th Nw Yok Cy Budng Dpamn phoogaphd vy uu n h y bwn 1939 and Th aahd adjan apamn wa 317. Th phoo wa ho n Januay I puhad fom h y. No h bownon a. A h m h Madon Squa Boy Cub (h Boy and G Cub by h 1950) wa oang fom 30h o 29h S, onung h own budng na h on of 2nd Av. W vd on h 2nd o 3d f oo na wa k-upapa m n on h f and had h f ap, wh w ofn p on a ho muggy umm ngh. 22

45 adqua fom h pon of vw of f afy. Bu w woud un w und ap o w oud hav amp. Th ovhad gh w no hadd amp and hu gad a u. My moh wa an a and vy nvnv. Whn my boh and I akd o hav paa oom, of ou, w ony had wo bdoom n h apamn. Bu angy nough h wa a ag wak-n o o oag oom whou a wndow. So I ho fo a m, n h od wah, and my moh pand a wndow wh uan and pand fow po on h wndow. Too bad w nv phoogaphd ; fo I woud hav nudd h pu h. I nv akd why w had uh a ag o un wa nndd o b anoh oom. I mu mnon n pang, n nvovd om of h podu o w ud o g ug o oang a (on dvdd no wo pa) and mak hm no funu. My moh woud mak uan fo hm and pa hm a ou bdd. In ho day, h ha of h Dpon, vyhng oud b adapd a ndd. Th apamn had a dumb wa n h on of h khn. Tha wa how you n you gabag down o h bamn a an hou, uuay aound upp m. You woud ju opn h doo, pu h pa on h hf, and pu on h o d.th Sup -- upnndn o budng manag - woud do h and nd h pa bak mpy. On oaon, a mdday Sauday w ud o aw hough o h nghbo by paangmn. Thy had wo kd. W oud bng h dumb wa up by pung h od ouv. A mhf I gu. Evn mo wa yng ou h o h g of h bd and hn mbng ou h wndow down h a haf o h bamn. Muh had gng bak up, pay wh you moh amng a u! Sh wn fo h Sup, who opnd h wndow down bow. Th wa no doo. W ao payd on 23

46 h oof and I am yng o a f wa pob o o ov o hn xbu d ng;3 17wa a a h d.ww o ofon budng n wo pa, bu I ay do no a h fa a I ook a h ho phoo. Mo of h apamn on h bok w muh ak. Eh fou o fv un on ah foo. A h phoo va, h w fv foo. Phap 5 foo m 5 un ah o 25 un wh a a 3 pon n ah apamn. Th w o of hdn n my budng. Th ugg a a 75 pon n h budng., bu I up h w mo dn. I had no da hn how many pop am and wn ah day, bu w w a owd hadng fo hoo o omng hom. I knw fou o fv kd, my dy nghbo, and a young famy wh a baby n a aag. Som wkday I go hom quk bau I woud wh h baby ou fon whn h moh wn o wok and un h dad avd hom. I wa k wny mnu o o. Tun h on ono 30h S o wak up o 31 and byond and apamn w bgh, mo on h bok. Th Phpp apamn xmpf h dffn on o wo bok woud mak. Th f Phpp Hou w on E. 31, h x-oy nmn, oad bwn 1 and 2nd avnu. Thy w ompd n 1906 aound h am m my apamn wa bu. A fa a I an a, I nv vd an apamn n ho budng. Ho Nghbohood Havng no vd on h bok and n h nghbohood no my n and a, I an ony nuay ha h mak Bn Gazzaa mad n h doumnay fm B oadway. Aap -n, I an no f on k and dk. I wa awa of my nghbohood and oh pa of 24

47 1.1 HENRY PHIPPS APARTMENTS ON E. 31 STREET In h am m pod of h md-1930, h apamn, h f onud by Hny Phpp, ood ju wo bok noh on 31 S bwn 1 and 2nd avnu. No h quay of h budng, h an dwak and h ow of. If my mmoy o, 29h S m o hav bn h a noh of od nmn and a dab ap. Bu mmb ha I wa ony 7, 8, and 9 a h m. In h a 1960 no h 1970 Hny Phpp onud nw hgh apamn on va bok nudng 28h and 29h. A pa of h Kp Bay Paza poj, h Phpp uu wa on down n h a S Baon & Jakon, Phoo ouy of h Hny Phpp Dvopmn Copoaon. 25

48 1.2 BROWNSTONES & OTHER APARTMENTS A vw ookng w on E. 33d S fom 2nd Avnu. Dmy vb h Emp Sa Bdg; hn h Noman Thoma Hgh Shoo. Many od apamn and hom w aady andng n h md Som nud pofona pa, uh a fo a v na anand hnyun v v y.m d ac n ab and oh. P. S. 116 on h vy fa f, ju a of h hgh- apamn a h on of 3d Avnu. Phoo & om dpon by Paa Pado, banh manag, Kp Bay Pub Lbay, Manhaan, bu I dd no om o f, ay, appd, and wanng o ap o a b pa. Bu n h bf pod w had movd fah upown and hn downown o 22nd S, aound h on fom Gamy Pak. Whnv I am bak o h od nghbohood, I od budd w had movd o Cafona. Th wa no poph, bu pobaby fd my avd foowng of owboy fm, and my dad dd u ha hy w fmd n Souhn Cafona. I hav aady pond ou ha h anho o h ho nghbohood, andng mony o h uanaby 26

49 h STREET IN LATER 1940S 29h S, vw o h w fom 1 Av. Th Madon Squa Boy Cub h ond budng fom h on of 2nd Av 315 wo mo budng a. On h gh. Phoo muh a n m (a a 1940). Phoo: fom JoGo m y f a h,f om h df oowh H v da h m. I dd no know h Gomy. Phoo: va Ivng Ha. of h pa, a h gou n. To b u, oh budng of h pa p n h uban andap, bu h va huh and h ynagogu whn wakng dan nk m o h pa n. Sn h E a gon, ha mmoy, fo wha woh, gon, and wh h many obbon, h pod phon booh, h on ga o, and oh uban fau. L h phoogaph o you bak n m. On phoo n paua abn fom h phoo ay: I ha of h Coa Coa Bong Pan ha w fqund and vn go o v a a a! Bu n h on and a, 27

50 1.4 KIPS BAY OVERLOOKING 29h STREET A pa of Kp Bay, a md E. 29h S o h f of h a budng. Th bound by 1 Avnu n h ow f and 2nd Avnu na h upp gh. Vb na h ow f Ou Lady of h Sapua; unfounay h Cam paoha hoo bokd fom vw. Th po 1940 Madon Squa Boy & G Cub oad on h noh d of 29h S. Nx doo on f 315. Pannng of h Kp Bay Paza ju o h noh of my od hown by h wh band whh fam 30h o 33d and 1 and 2nd avnu. In h vw h a on yaf w n w bu d ng u h h h a h bok of uu bwn 29 and 30 fang 1 Avnu ha a pa of Nw Yok Un v y M d acn. Phoo fom MTA Bdg and Tunn Spa Ahv, va Hay Baon, Coumba Unvy. 28

51 no a abov h dab, h ma, ofn ad momand-pop o, h ak of : uh wa h nvonmn n whh kd gw up om onnu o n oh pa of Nw Yok and adu v and wok, o hn, hund fo wok. Ao Bn Gazzaa, n h auobogaphy, mad h obvaon abou gowng up on h bok: Lvng on Twny-nnh S n h 1930 wa a o k vng n a vag. On ha on bok aon h wa a bwy ha mad good b, a faoy ha bakd dou doughnu, a buh, wo goy o, a andy o, an a, a funa pao, and a BoyC ub. B w n S ond and Th d Av nu w h oudoo podu mak..i ud o njoy wakng h ngh of ha bok bau h aoma of fh fu and vgab and p mad m f a hough I w n h ouny omwh, fa away fom h Nw Yok Cy apha. (19) Gazzaa nod ha h andy o wa n h budng, no doub on h f foo. I ony vaguy a ha fa and ao ha h wa a pay phon n h o. I do a a a h odo fom h bwy bu am unu f I am ang h doughnu faoy. Phap am o h bok af my m. Go and buh w na h avnu. Kp n mnd h vd on h bok fo mo han a dozn ya, o h mmoy o muh b. To b u, I do a h podu mak aong 29h bwn 2nd and 3d avnu and a buh abou mdway on h bok. Howv, h podu mak nv mad m f I wa n h ouny. How dffn ndvdua woud f on h pa xpn. Bu I no on vaou pag of h mmo ha h namd o h Iaan on. I hav no nam o aompany h o I an dnfy. Phap I do mmb a Cuhman baky on 2nd o 3d avnu. 29

52 1.5 29h STREET & FIRST AVENUE Vw fom 1 Avnu ookng w on 29h S. Th a vaou o a o na h on. Oh on dd hou h Fdo Bwy whh wa h houghou h 1930 and no h Mdway up h bok wa a doughnu faoy, whh I ony vaguy a. Phoo: N. Y. Pub Lbay - Dga Gay, #40. P. L Sp, Phoogaph. 1930, F. 30

53 Unfounay, h Land Book of h Boough of Manhaan do n w p odu,bu a o yof o. I odd o and bok wh maumn, om wh ab uh a PS 14, h Tphon Co., and h k. I any dnf h mda fa aady w abhd by Th pa I paay podu h ao dnf a umb yad, a bwy, va gaag, and I mu adm ha I no doub wakd by h pa mo han on, bu hav fogon of h xn. Too bad h y mapmak d dn n ud p f nf o ma onabouag a numb of pop. Rgou n do how up w. On h nx pa o h w (whh I hav no podud h) h oaon of h Wh Wood Hou, oad on 29h S amo o h on of 3d Av. I wh I oud mmb havng oppd and ookd a a a on. Ognay onud n h 1840, appany onan h o, wh a maony wad gound foo and h upp foo ovd wh apboad. I ha had a numb of dffn nan ov h ya n h md-19h nuy. S no fuy dgnad a andmak, do pn h ony pona andmak uu whn Kp Bay. 31

54 STREET & h 3d AVE EL A md-1950 vw of h non of 3d Avnu and 31 S.I a h on o, h fw on h bok. I ofn wakd h way fom hoo bau h nwand wa a bok noh of h. Th pubhd apon nda ha o h gh of h phoogaph ood a pakng o ha a bam h of h Kp Bay Banh Lbay. Banh Manag Paa Pado ( 1/08) no ha h vndo u h am umba. Sh pon ou ha a h dan oday h Kp Bay Paza and bhnd h NYU Hopa bdg. Sh ao no ha h ha many. I woud nd a onmpoay phoo o do ju o h upda of h on and h. Phoo fom S, By h E, 2007, p. 53 and ud wh h pmon. 32

55 1.7 LAND BOOK OF THE BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN Pa 57 of h Land Book of h Boough of Manhaan, Map off ondab da nudng of h paoha hoo, huh, boy ub, and Bvu Hopa and adjan mda n. I addd h a, bu now obo, of h boy ub. Map opd fom h Nw Yok Pub Lbay, ouy of h Map Dvon. 33

56 Aodng o auho Choph Gay: Th budng' dnv ook dw h anon of h a Aan Bunham, who wa h xuv do of h Landmak Pvaon Comm on n h 1960and 70.Som ofh no n ommon f, appany dang fom h 1960', onvy h n of aon a hoan f whn an xng dovy pn f. Obvng h ompx ph of h oof, h wo ha "h paua yp of hgh-houdd gamb may b qu ay" and ha h oud h havy mb onuon ypa of ay budng. "I up w hav omhng h of ondab anquy vn hough o fa upown," h wo. Bu by 1972 aon gav way o dfaon. In a o an nqu, M. Bunham wo: "I don' wond ha you a ngud by. I wa oo whn I f aw hopd mgh vn b Duh." By hn M. Bunham had om o h onuon ha h hou wa of "no paua anquy" and dad fom aound 1845, ahough h ad h ommon found "vy nng." I ha nv bn dgnad a andmak. Th NY Landmak Pvaon Common ha ddd o fomay vw h hou, and phap by fuh ah h Common w b ab o ov om of h my of h hou. Tanon o h Pn Th bgnnng of majo uban hang n Kp Bay and naby, fomuad n h 1930, phap vn a, wn no ff n ag n h 1950 and fo h nx wo dad. Souh of Kp Bay, of ou, Suyvan Town wa a ay by h ay powa ya. Thn, owng o h mpo of Rob 34

57 1. 8 HOUSEAT203E.29h STREET Th ho uu ao known a Th Wh Wood Hou, whh h ma, ahd oof budng, Load ju a of h on of 3d Avnu, on 29h S. I ky da fom 1840 ahough h om onovy ov h ag of h budng, and hu h NYC Landmak Pvaon Common (LPC) ha no o da andmakd. I on h Naona Rg of Hoa Pa (NRHP),and bng vwd by h LPC. Phoo: P. L. Sp, Nw Yok Pub Lbay Dga Gay, pobaby md-1930, F. 35

58 1.9 THE KIPS BAY SUPERBLOCK MID-1950S Th of h Kp Bay Paza poj, a md On h ouh 30h S and a h noh, 33d S. 1 Avnu o; hn 2nd Avnu. Th poj wa ompd n h md Kp Bay Paza wa bgun and ompd va ya bfo h Hny Phpp Paza w n dvopmn ju o h ouh, mbang 29h o 26h S bwn h am avnu. Phoo: a ag aa phoo by h MTA Bdg and Tunn Spa Ahv, va Hay Baon, Coumba Unvy. Mo and Nw Yok Cy, Kp Bay Paza d o h oa dmoon of a upbok. Compd n h a 1950, pdd h Hny Phpp paza o h ouh by a dad o o. 36

59 1.10 KIPS BAY PLAZA & NYU MEDICAL CENTER Th Kp Bay Paza a pannd o h w of h mda ompx ha wa pa of h oa NYU-Bvu Poj. Th houng poj ommnd dvopmn fom a ay a 1946 Th Paza ompx oday oup h bok fom 30h o 33d bwn 1 and 2nd avnu. Phoo opd fom Baon and Jakon, 2007, p

60 1.11 KIPS BAY PLAZA STILL IN DEVELOPMENT Th Kp Bay Paza a of No ha h a qu young. Vw ookng ouh. Phoo podud fom Baon and Jakon, Conmpoay Kp Bay Howv boundd, Kp Bay do fou oday on h nw hgh - ompx ha am no xn n h 1960 and 70. P o o ha m, no h ng paydnguhd h nghbohood xp mdown oaon, whh ha appany bom of nang gnfan a a dna oaon, on of wakng dan o off n h mda ompx aong 1 Avnu. Ad fom Bvu Hopa and aoad nuon of mdn and h fw fn o pa oupd a on 38

61 m o anoh by poan, w and oh w-known nd v dua,k pbay ap om n n hf a ha n mdown, whn, fo xamp, a handfu of bok of h Emp Sa Budng and h bun of 34h S. Today ak on ga gnfan bau apamn dvopmn uh a h Hny Phpp Paza and Kp Bay Paza hav mad h nghbohood no a m-hgh- ommuny ha haazd a bng oupd by doo, nu, hnan and oh n h mda pofon. Th ovmpf, of ou, h haazaon of h nghbohood. To b u, muh of h fom dn movd on owng o oaon, nay no o un o h od, now nw and omwha an, nghbohood. Fo on hng, h muh hgh o of na pudd many fom unng. An on n a y v mpha z K p Bay m d own adj a n y.a h y no, Som whaund a d un ny, h nghbohood a of Thd Avnu bwn 27h and 34h S, bomng mo and mo popua wh ndyyoungp of o na. Thnghbohood h n of mdn n Manhaan hom on wyo kun v y Shoo of Mdn and Dny, Bvu Hopa, and h Ch fexam n Of f.manydo o andho p ap onn v n Kp Bay; h ha d o an nfux of hgh a a. I ao nng ha h gou n pak n ma o oh m abou h haa of Kp Bay. Fo xamp, h Conggaon Adh E on 29h na Lxngon Avnu pak of Jwh udn and fauy of h am Nw Yok Unvy mda n a w a om hopa pa n v o agu.and h y f o hp ox m yof Yhva Un v y Sn Cog fo Womn (Lxngon Av). 39

62 1.12MASTER PLAN FOR HENRY PHIPPS PLAZAS Th pan fo h Hny Phpp Paza W. No ao h oh budng Rnwk Tow, namd fo h famou ah; Bky Pak; nx doo o h Chuh Shoo h Phpp Paza Noh, h adjan poon oupyng h of 315. Th 1 Avnu on onan Phpp Paza Ea and adjan a huh. Paza W xnd ouhwad aong 2nd Avnu o 26h S. Map and oh maa ouy of Wam Mugan, Suy Manag, Hny Phpp Paza W.and 35h 40

63 In h 1930, I up ha Kp Bay wa a avy unknown on of ow Manhaan, y bnfng n om way fom poxmy o upown. Phap n om way h wa u hn han now bau h w wo E -- 2nd and 3d avnu n opaon aong wh h xng Lxngon Avnu ubway. Bu h phya hang n h uban andap hav gvn nw ppv abou h nghbohood vn o pop uh a myf. A a kd, I a a dab oa, ow nom fam, hnay muh mxd ommuny, anhod by numou gou n, whh hv. Apamn many b dbd a nmn w fv o x o n hgh, muh onang wh h pn n of modn apamn ng o 20 o mo o. I a ony a fw wh ow of, non fo u on my bok. Today, a aa phoo w va, gn a pomnn oo n h uban andap. Phap no qu oy npd, bu my oon ha 29h S waa mo a bo unda yd m ng hupp nd of h Low Ea Sd, fo ju byond budng md n b ondon, om muh nw, mo had, and h k. Fo xamp, h Hny Phpp apamn on 31. On wond, bau of h mpa of h Dpon ya, ju how many budng, apamn and off ak, w n vhp and h own bankup and, a a u, managmn wa ondaby mannan nggn. 41 uad and

64 1.13 HENRY PHIPPS PLAZA WEST Th Hny Phpp Paza W, dung a onuon pod n h ay Vw nohw owad h Emp Sa Budng (n dan vw). 29h S a h gh; 28h S a h f ow on. Opn aa bam no gadn and wak aa. Phoo fom Phpp Hou, pamph 1976, ouy of Wam M. Mugan, Suy Manag, a Paza W,

65 1.14 THE EAST SIDE & KIPS BAY Muh bu no a of Kp Bay n 1974 and n. Bvu Hopa on F Avnu h vy wh budng n h fogound. Th wn apamn budng ju noh and w of h hopa a h Kp Bay Paza; Ea/w dagona fom gh o f. 29Th S nay na n h ow poon of h phoo and hgh apamn a h Hny Phpp Paza. Th hgh- haa of Kp Bay bgan n h 1960; avag budng hgh n h md-1930 woud hav 5 o 6 o. Th Emp Sa Bdg ju ou of h pu on h upp f. Phoo pa 26 n W. Fd and E. B. Waon, Nw Yok n Aa Vw (NY: Dov Pub. 1980). 43

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