Organisations as leadersin a changingworld. Hanna Wetterstrand Cemus Climatechangeleadership April 8th, 2014

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1 Organisations as leadersin a changingworld Hanna Wetterstrand Cemus Climatechangeleadership April 8th, 2014

2

3 Ett nytt sätt att se på världen

4 Where sustainability aimsto putthe world back intobalance, resilience looks for ways to managein an imbalanced world. A new dialogue is emerging around resilience: how to help vulnerablepeople, organizationsand systems persist, perhapseventhrive, amid unforeseeable disruptions. We llalsoneedto use natureitselfas a form of soft infrastructure e.g. the restoration of wetlandsthat serve as a vital buffer against hurricanes.

5 The ability of an individual, a community, a country or a region to anticipate risks, respond and cope with shocks and stresses, while addressing the underlying root causes of risks, to then recover and continue to develop. Bouncing Back Better People s resilience in relation to recurrent natural hazards. Sida s approach to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability.

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8 Tre aspekter av resiliens 1. Persistence(Motståndskraft:att kunna buffra förändringar och motstå chocker) 2. Adaptability(Anpassningsförmåga: kapaciteten hos människor i socialekologiska system att anpassa sig till förändring) 3. Transformability(Transformationsförmåga: att kunna välja helt nya vägar, att styra mot önskade framtider)

9 The global outlook: Today: nearly a billion hungry despite enough food for all In 40 years: 9 billions demands 60% more food, with increasing challenges: climate change and resource scarcity Next 10 years: Higher food prices, diminishing production Food

10 So whatis needed? Business as usual is not an option Small scalefarmers play a keyrole Change consumption patterns Change current production patterns NOTHING LESS THAN A TRANSFORMATION

11 Futureagriculture More sustainable agriculture basedon agro-ecological practices, resilient to climate change Higher biodiversity Gender equality Producemore withless inputs More democratic

12 twin objectives: feeding humanity and safeguarding a stable planet will require a planetary food revolution based on a new paradigm for agriculture development. We must now shift from our current paradigm of productivity enhancement while reducing environmental impacts, to a paradigm where sustainability constitutes the entry point for all agricultural development. In this new paradigm, sustainable governance and management of ecosystems, natural resources and Earth system processes at large, provides the basis for practical solutions towards an intensification of agriculture.

13 A rapid world transformation to global sustainability is increasingly acknowledged. Agriculture can and must be a major part of the solution in this world transformation. Core elements of a new paradigm are well established, including strategies to build social-ecological resilience, ecosystem-based landscape planning and farm practices, system based governance approaches connecting sectors and scales, practices of multiple benefits and resource reuse, connecting diverse knowledge systems, gender and equity. We must develop agricultural systems that integrate water, land and ecosystems in ways that build resilient, productive and sustainable wellbeing for human societies.

14 General statistics 85 % ofthe world sfarmers aresmall holders Less than2 ha Poorqualityofland Producea majorityofthe food

15 Women Produce80 % ofthe foodin Africa Ownonlya few percentageofthe land

16 Challenges for small scalefarmers Infrastructureand non functioning markets Non favourable policies Worse biological preconditions Generallypoorand hungry Thisis whythe workofvi Agroforestry is needed

17 Howit all started 1983 skrev Tidningen Vi:s chefredaktör Sten Lundgren en artikel om jorderosion Startskottet för Vi-skogen Då: Trädplantering för att stoppa ökenspridning

18 Vi Agroforestry in Eastern Africa 4 countries Extension services small scale farming households < 2 ha people

19 Local outlook: Household constraints Weak health and education systems Unsustainable farming techniques Loss of forest cover Climate change Weak institutions No savings

20 Tree planting and soil erosion Tree planting and soil erosion

21 Agroforestry and Food security Agroforestry and food security Tree planting and soil erosion

22 Poverty reduction Poverty reduction Agroforestry and food security Tree planting and soil erosion

23 Organizational Development Organizational development Poverty reduction Agroforestry and food security Tree planting and soil erosion

24 Marketing & Enterprise development Financial services Marketing and Enterprise Development, Financial services Organizational development Poverty reduction Agroforestry and food security Tree planting and soil erosion

25 Climate change: Adaptation & Carbon sequestration Climate change: Adaptation & Carbon sequestration Marketing and Enterprise Development, Financial services Organizational development Poverty reduction Agroforestry and food security Tree planting and soil erosion

26 Significantchangeson variouslevels -a signofresilientleadership Diversifying Sector: From tree planting Agroforestry 5 working areas Shiftin mind-set and theoryofchange How to implement: From own implementation to support local organisations in their own mandate Practical leadership From one authoritarian Swedish leader several male Swedish leaders a mix oflocaland Swedish leaders both male and female

27 Workingareas Agroforestry Gender equality Organisational development Farmingas a business Financial services Adaptation to climate change

28 Agroforestry climate change adaptation and production increase

29 Agroforestry Ett jordbrukssystem där fleråriga trädväxter integreras med grödor och/eller djurskötsel inom ett markområde Ecological and economic benefits. Provides the families with the five F:s: Food, Fuel, Fodder, Finance and Fertility A triple win: 1) increased crop yields and farm productivity 2) soil carbon sequestration 3) increased smallholders resilience to climate change climate change adaptation. Vi Agroforestry unique advocate of AF

30 Organisational and business development Organising farmers Market based production Voice and representation ARE REAL LEADERS!

31 Supporting farmers organisations Farmer groups Networks of farmer groups National farmers organisations Global collaboration Farmers

32 Savingsand loans Village savings and loans associations Buildson ownsavingsonly Small investments Handling cash flows Insurance Gender equality

33 1000 treesthe waytoa better life Usedtowalk 4 km nowown fire wood Selling wood makes good profit Morecowsgive milk and income Egg production

34 Someresults >During million trees planted >6000 groupsoffarmers were supported in 2010 > During savings and loans groups saved5 million SEK

35 Success factors Relatively secure land tenure rights Relativelystablepoliticaland economicsituation Stronglycommittedfarmers organise themselves builds sustainability and social capital The combination of working areas Persistent long term support Agroforestryamazingpotential and gives quick results

36 TIME TO THINK Timetothink

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38 Scaling up Biodiversity Finance Purpose: To explore and contribute to understanding and clarify areas of convergence and divergence regarding ways to scale up the mobilization of financial resources, including innovative financial mechanisms, to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Participants: Nominations via the CBD Secretariat from Parties and Non-parties, 80 representatives from governments, development agencies, UN organizations, non-governmental organizations, social movements, farmer organizations, local communities and indigenous peoples organizations, scientists and the private sector.

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40 Successfactorsofthe dialogue Diversity of participants Friendly, open, honest atmosphere and spirit based in genuine concern for biodiversity, despite broad range of perspectives and ideology. Diversity of issues and balance between perspectives Open-mindedness and Chatham House principles/rules Careful and substantial preparations Well-designed seminar road map and overall issue and perspectives mapping. The excellent facilitation A fair amount of group work Fieldtrip

41 Whatis accordingtoyou requiredby the leadersofthe future?

42 My definition ofa leader Inspirer Knowinghowtoget otherson board Stearthe ship, buttrustingotherpeople, hearing, seeingand acknowledgingothersfor theircontributionand strengths

43 Whattypeofleadershipthatis required? To createa resilientplanet weneedresilient people and resilientpeopleneedresilient leadership Abletodeal withchangeand continueto develop. Capacitytoadapt, continuouslearning, flexible, innovative, lowprestige Creatoroflearningspaces, makingothers grow

44 Thanks!

45 Relektionerefter föreläsning Ta mer tid till studenters reflektioner Säg något om vad jag tror på för ledarskap Få in TimetoThink?

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