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1 267 TEACHER QUESTIONNAIRE ON ESL CURRRICULUM A STUDY ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE AT THE DEGREE LEVEL IN THE ARTS AND SCIENCE COLLEGES AFFILIATED TO MANONMANIUM SUNDARANAR UNIVERSITY, TIRUNELVELI Dear Teachers, The questionnaire is submitted to you to collect data for my Ph.D research on A study on the teaching and learning of English as a second language at the degree level in the arts and science colleges affiliated to Manonmanium Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli I assure you that the information furnished by you will be used only for my research purposes. PERSONAL DATA Name of the Teacher Name of the College Sex M F Locality Rural Urban Community FC BC MBC SC/ST OTHERS Educational Qualification PG M.Phil Ph.D Teaching Experience Below 10 yrs yrs above 20 yrs

2 268 TEACHER OPINIONNAIRE ON ESL CURRICULUM 1. The aims and objectives of ESL curriculum are a. Clearly defined t clearly defined c. Only a list of text books and question papers 2. The aims and objectives are framed by a. Subject experts b. Experts in consultation with faculty members c. Experts, faculty members and senior students 3. The aims and objectives are reviewed a. At regular intervals b. When ever the university changes its syllabus c. On the basis of the directions of the UGC 4. The aims and objectives reflect the needs of learners a. To a great extent b. To some extent 5. The ESL curriculum enables the students to a. Achieve grammaticality in language use b. Achieve mastery in all language skills c. Perform well in the final examination 6. The specialty of the ESL curriculum is a. It prepares students for life b. It promotes creativity and critical thinking c. It prepares the students for the examination 7. The curriculum suits only for a. High achievers b. Average achievers c. All categories of learners 8. The curriculum is based on a. Traditional approach b. Structural approach c. Communicative approach 9. The University update the curriculum by consulting/obtaining a. Feedback from the students and teachers b. Feedback from the teachers and experts c. Feedback from the experts, teachers and students 10. In syllabus formation the University used to consult with other university departments a. Always 11. Do you think that the number of hours of English classes should be increased, classes should be increased, classes should be reduced c. The existing system is enough 12. Do you think that the prescribed textbook satisfy the criteria of a good textbook? a. Certainly

3 269 t at all c. It has some mistakes and not attractive 13. Do you think literary aspects dominate English textbooks? a. To a great extent 14. The criteria for the selection of the content of English text books should be a. To develop social responsibility b. National outlook c. Communicative competence 15. The English textbook cater to the needs of a. Communicative competency b. Scientific attitude c. Life problems 16. The prescribed texts are fit only for teaching a. Individuals b. Groups c. Both for individuals and groups 17. Do the non-detailed texts facilitate learner s fast reading? a. To a great extent 18. Does the text have remedial grammar exercises integrated with the content? c. To a certain extent 19. Do you think that texts are written according to the latest approach to the teaching of English? a. To a great extent 20. Do you agree that English teachers teach each lesson having in mind the clear objectives of the lesson? a) To a great extent b) To a certain extent c) Not at all 21. ESL teachers focus their attention on a. Development of four skills b. Content of the text c. Grammatical structure 22. The techniques normally used by English teachers in ESL classroom are a. Creating situations b. Dramatizations c. Explaining and illustration 23. The students interact in the class in a. English b. Mother tongue c. Bi-lingual 24. The medium of instruction in the class is a. Only English

4 270 b. Bi-lingual method c. Only in Tamil 25. The methodology involves a. Teaching of the prescribed text b. Use of clippings from journals c. Teaching of the materials prepared by teachers 26. What concrete steps have you taken for the teaching and testing of spoken English emphasized by the syllabus? a. Situations are created in the class for the students to interact b. Viva-voce is conducted c. From actual observation of the students 27. What facility do you have to improve the spoken English skill of the students? a. Language lab b. Interactive CD s c. No such facilities in our college 28. What steps have you been taken to improve the spoken English skill of the students? a. Emphasized regular newspaper reading b. Made them interact in the classroom c. Enable them participate in debates and seminars 29. In what way the students benefit from your interaction? a. Fluency develops b. Vocabulary develops c. Become free from shyness 30. Do you provide opportunity for the learners to speak in the class? a. Always 31. Do you teach the learners the techniques of how to learn? a. Always 32. Do you encourage your students to write articles/essays/ poems to magazines? a. Always 33. Do you encourage your students to take competitive examinations in English? a. Always 34. Do you invite experts from other colleges/universities to handle class for your students? a. Always 35. What are the A.V aids provided to you to teach? a. Tape recorders b. T.V sets c. Computers and LCD Projectors

5 Teachers do not use A.V aids in English class room because a. A.V aids have no fascination for adult learners b. English class needs no A.V aids c. A.V facility is not available in our college 37. Do you have acquaintance with the latest techniques of teaching English? c. Traditional method is the best method 38. The classroom activities a. Restricted to the prescribed textbooks alone b. We give our own exercises c. Preparation for the examination only 39. Do you encourage peer group activities? b. Rarely 40. Peer group teaching results in a. Gossiping ise in the classroom c. Initiating everyone in to conversation 41. Do you organize class level seminars for your students? b. Rarely 42. Participation of students in seminars a. All participate actively b. Partial participation c. Most of them are indifferent 43. Students response to innovative method of teaching a. Good b. Neutral c. Negative 44. How do you collect material for classroom purposes? a. From internet b. From books, newspapers and magazines c. I never supplement materials 45. When do you give remedial exercises? a. When most of the students make mistakes b. When the number of mistakes made by students are many 46. What are the steps have you been taken to facilitate student interaction? a. Encouraging the students to ask more questions b. Invite opinion and suggestion from the students c. Make them read the text loudly 47. Do you give opportunity to your students to attend seminars/conferences?

6 Do you think that external examination method is enough to measure one s depth of knowledge in English? a. To a great extent 49. What is your view about the university question paper? a. Clear and tests the in-depth knowledge of students b. Tests the surface level knowledge of the students c. Tests students ability to by heart 50. What type of evaluation do you prefer? a. Centralized evaluation b. Decentralized evaluation c. Evaluation at the college itself 51. Have you attended any short term training courses on evaluation? c. No such need arise 52. The difficulty of teaching English are a. Students improper listening nature b. Large classroom and work load c. Students inability to interact in English 53. Eliciting responses from the students is a. Much easier b. Very tough c. Take too much time 54. How do the students learn the subject? a. Understand and learn b. By heart without understanding c. By heart after understanding 55. The common errors committed by students are a. Lack of comprehension and expression b. Wrong punctuation mark c. Wrong usage of grammatical items 56. Do the teachers have freedom in the selection of the material? c. To a certain extent 57. What do you think about organizing in-service training programmes? a. Necessary b. Necessary and should be periodically organized c. Necessary only for junior members 58. Do you find the in-service programme useful? a. Very useful b. It is ceremonial 59. Do you think computer knowledge is a must for the teacher? a. To a very great extent b. To some extent

7 Do you know how to have access to the Internet?, I know, I don t know c. I wish to learn 61. Internet helps you to collect a. Notes for the students b. Lesson plans and language games c. Flash cards and pictures 62. Do you attend seminars on English Language Teaching?, we are deputed by our college b. I attend on my own interest c. I am not interested 63. Have you presented any paper in any conference on teaching English? 64. Have you conducted any action research to improve classroom teaching? c. Time is very short 65. Do you have membership in any of the following organizations like ELTAI, IAELT, and SLELTA. a) Yes, I have b) No, I don t have c) I am unaware of it 66. Have you participated in any conference as resource person?,, Never attended c. I dislike it 67. Have you published any article in any of the magazines? c. Not at 68. Do you meet and discuss with teachers of other colleges? c. It is not a must 69. How will you assess your teaching? a. From the feedback given by the students b. From the colleagues c. From the exam result of the students 70. Feed back from students are collected b. Rarely 71. Do you have teachers guide c. It is not a must

8 Do you think that teacher s guide is essential? c. The university must provide it 73. Do you have teacher s diary? c. It is not a must 74. The students overall performance is a. Satisfactory t satisfactory c. Need improvement 75. How would you rate your students in terms of their speaking skill? a. Good t bad c. Poor 76. How would you rate your students in terms of their writing skill? a. Good t bad c. Poor 77. Do you think that students tend to think in their mother tongue, which imposes substantial interference? 78. What do you think about the lack of proficiency of the students a. Lack of initiative of the students b. Lack of encouragement from the teachers c. Lack of exposure to the language 79. What could be the reason behind the negligence of part II English by the students? a. Lack of interest b. It doesn t help to increase the percentage of marks in major subject c. A pass in part II English is enough

9 275 STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE ON ESL CURRRICULUM A STUDY ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE AT THE DEGREE LEVEL IN THE ARTS AND SCIENCE COLLEGES AFFILIATED TO MANONMANIUM SUNDARANAR UNIVERSITY, TIRUNELVELI Dear Students, The questionnaire is submitted to you to collect data for my Ph.D research on A study on the teaching and learning of English as a second language at the degree level in the arts and science colleges affiliated to Manonmanium Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli I assure you that the information furnished by you will be used only for my research purposes. PERSONAL DATA Name of the Student Name of the College Sex M F Major Subject Locality Rural Urban Community FC BC MBC SC/ST OTHERS Parents Educational Status Illiterate Literate UG PG Professional Father Mother

10 276 STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE ON ESL CURRICULUM 1. Do you know the objectives of the lessons taught? a. To a great extent 2. Do you think that you have attained the objectives of the prescribed lessons? c. We do not care for it 3. When you joined the college, did you expect the General English course to improve your English?, to a great extent c. No 4. Do you think that at the end of the course you will be able to communicate confidently in English?, to a great extent b. Yes, to some extent 5. Do you think that the General English classes will help you to write competitive examinations? c. To some extent 6. The ESL curriculum enables the students to a) Achieve grammaticality in language use b) Achieve mastery in all language skills c) Perform well in the final examination 7. How did you find the lessons prescribed for you in the text? a. Interesting and useful b. Interesting and not useful c. Useful but not interesting 8. The text prescribed for you enables you to a. Understand real life situations b. Understand the language structures c. Learn language rules 9. When did you find the lessons interesting? a. When the units are short and simple b. When it dealt with life problems c. When the teacher made the lessons interesting 10. How do you find the poems prescribed for you? a. Theme is interesting b. The rhyme and rhythm are pleasing c. It is very difficult to understand the poem 11. How do you find the grammar classes? a. Very interesting and useful b. Useful but not interesting c. Interesting but not useful

11 What do you learn from the grammar classes? a. A set of grammar rules b. Usage of grammar in both writing and speaking c. None 13. Does your text have useful material for spoken English? a. To a great extent b. To some extent 14. Does your examination system have a practical test on spoken English?, we have, we don t have c. Only theoretical test 15. Do you think that the lessons prescribed are fit for self-study?, to a great extent b. To some extent c. Without the help of the teacher nothing could be learned 16. Do you find the vocabulary and structures you learned from the text useful in your day-to-day life? 17. What would you say about the need for including more literary pieces in the General English course? a. A collection of short stories may be included b. An anthology of poems may be included c. No need for more literary pieces 18. The method of teaching used in your class is a. Lecture method b. Translation method c. Discussion method 19. Which medium of instruction is used in the class? a. Only English b. Only Tamil c. Bilingual 20. The medium of communication in the classroom is a. Tamil b. English c. Bilingual 21. Are you satisfied with the existing methodology of teaching English? a. To a great extent b. To some extent 22. Do your teachers teach you how to learn a lesson? 23. How does the teacher teach the poem? a. Reads the poem and explains b. Briefly explains the main concept

12 278 c. Teacher makes us enjoy the tune and theme of the poem 24. What is your opinion about your English class? a. Lively and enjoyable b. Boring and dull c. Noisy 25. Frequency of class level seminars/debates 26. Do you have individual and group activities in learning? 27. Do you appreciate your teachers attempt to make English as the lingua franca of the class? 28. What measures have your teacher been taken to make you speak in English? a. Teacher invites suggestions from me b. Asks questions c. None 29. Which of the following teaching behavior you like in your teacher? a. Creating situations b. Dramatizing c. Explaining and illustrating 30. When are you given remedial exercises? b. When most of the students make mistakes c. Whenever the students fail in the exam 31. Does your teacher use A.V aids in the class? a. Always 32. What are the A.V aids available in your college? a. T.V and Tape recorder b. Computer and PowerPoint presentations c. No such facilities available 33. What is your opinion about the use of A.V aids in the classroom? a. Interesting and it increases the retention power b. Attracts the attention of the students c. Boring and time consuming 34. Do you find the language laboratory very useful to you a. It improves fluency b. It facilitates interactive exercises c. It improves the pronunciation 35. Do your teachers give you learning materials from the Internet? b. Some time

13 Have the classroom activities enabled you to use English on your own? a. To a great extent b. To some extent 37. In which of the following ways did you take part in classroom activities? a. Silent observer b. Uttered yes/no when called for c. Active participant 38. Do you think that that the students should be involved in preparing the syllabus? a. Certainly b. Only teachers should be consulted c. Experts should be consulted 39. Do your teachers welcome your views on the General English Syllabus? 40. Have you ever attempted to use the structures/vocabulary you learned from your lesson, when you speak? 41. Have the classroom activities encouraged you to do extra reading in English?, to a very great extent b. Yes, to some extent c. No, not at all 42. What are the following items you read? a. English news papers vels and short stories c. None 43. Which of the following newspapers you read? a. The Hindu b. The Indian Express c. None 44. Have you read the novels/short stories prescribed for you?, I read it fully b. I listened to the class when the teacher taught c. Only a few pages I read 45. While reading a book your concentration would be on a. The story b. The usage of the language c. New words 46. What is your opinion about by- hearting the famous lines of the poem? a. To write as it is in the examination b. To quote while speaking c. Just to enjoy 47. How do you prepare for the examination? a. By studying from guides b. By studying the notes given by the teacher

14 280 c. By preparing my own notes referring various books 48. Do you converse with your friends in English? 49. Do you have the habit of writing letters to your friends in English? 50. Have you ever felt ashamed when you commit mistakes while speaking English in the public? 51. Which factor prevents you from speaking English in the public? a. Fear of committing mistakes b. Shyness c. Lack of vocabulary 52. Do you prepare notes of your own? 53. Why do you want your teacher to prepare notes for you? a. Teacher prepares standard notes b. It saves our time c. Teacher gives more marks to the answer prepared by her 54. Which of the following you consider as the best way to enhance spoken English skill? a. To attend spoken English classes b. To read good newspapers and magazines c. To speak English without bothering mistakes 55. Did your teacher collect feedback from the students? 56. The difficulties faced by students in learning English as a second language are due to a. Uninteresting text books b. Dislike for English c. Monotonous verbal teaching 57. In which of the following areas do you have difficulty in learning English a. In understanding the concept b. In expressing the idea c. Wrong usage of grammar 58. Do you find difficulty in conversing fluently in English? a. Always

15 Which of the following can be considered as the main reason for the lack of spoken skill among the students? a. The medium of instruction is bi-lingual b. Lack of exposure to the language c. Students and teachers aim at the exams 60. What can be done to improve the spoken English skill of the students? a. Medium of instruction should be strictly in English b. Medium of communication should be in English c. Opportunities should be provided to the students to express themselves in English 61. Do you think that the number of hours of English class should be increased?, we need more hours need to increase the hours c. Hours should be reduced 62. To which subject do you give first preference a. Part I b. Part II c. Major subject 63. What could be the reason behind the negligence of part II English by the students? a. Lack of interest b. It doesn t help to increase the percentage of marks in major subject c. A pass in part II English is enough 64. Do your teachers encourage you to participate in seminars/conferences? 65. Do your teachers give you information about IELTS/TOEFL examinations c. I learned it from newspapers 66. Do your teachers encourage you to collect additional information form the internet 67. Do your teachers encourage you to chat through Internet?

16 282 TOOL USED FOR PILOT STUDY TEACHER OPINIONNAIRE ON ESL CURRICULUM 1. The aims and objectives of ESL curriculum are a. Clearly defined b. Vague c. Only a list of text books and question papers 2. The aims and objectives are framed by a. Subject experts b. Experts in consultation with faculty members c. Experts, faculty members and senior students. 3. The aims and objectives are reviewed a. At regular intervals b. When ever the university changes its syllabus c. On the basis of the directions of the UGC 4. The aims and objectives reflect the needs of learners a. To some extent b. To a large extent 5. The ESL curriculum enables the students to a. Achieve grammaticality in language use b. Achieve mastery in all language skills c. Perform well in the final examination 6. The specialty of the ESL curriculum is a. It prepares students for life b. It promotes creativity and critical thinking c. It prepares the students for the examination 7. The curriculum suits only for a. High achievers b. Average achievers c. All categories of learners 8. The curriculum is based on a. Traditional approach b. Structural approach c. Communicative approach 9. The University update the curriculum by consulting/obtaining a. Feedback from the students b. Feedback from the teachers c. Feedback from the experts 10. In syllabus formation the University used to consult with other university departments a. Always

17 11. Do you think that courses of studies are prepared keeping in view the objectives of teaching English? a. To a large extent 12. Do the teachers have freedom in the selection of the material? 13. Do you think literary aspects dominate English textbooks? 14. The criteria for the selection of the content of English text books should be a. To develop social responsibility b. National outlook c. Communicative competence 15. The English textbook cater to the needs of a. Communicative competence b. Commercial English c. Scientific attitude 16. In what way the prescribed textbook is useful to the learner? a. Provide meaningful vocabulary b. Develops written skills c. Develops spoken skills 17. The prescribed texts are fit only for teaching a. Individuals b. Groups c. Both for individuals and groups 18. Does the prescribed text provide matter for spoken English? a. To a large extent 19. Do the non-detailed texts facilitate learner s fast reading? a. To a large extent 20. Do the texts have remedial grammar exercises integrated with the content? a. To a large extent 283

18 Do you think that texts are written according to the latest approach to the teaching of English? a. To a large extent 22. Do you agree that English teachers teach each lesson having in mind the clear objectives of the lesson? a. To a large extent 23. ESL teachers focus their attention on a. Development of four skills b. Content of the text c. Grammatical structure 24. What concrete steps have you taken for the teaching and testing of spoken English emphasized by the syllabus? a. Situations are created in the class for the students to interact b. From actual observation c. From their examination marks 25. What facility do you have to improve the spoken English skill of the students? a. Language lab with computer facility b. Interactive CD s c. No such facilities in our college 26. Proficiency in English means a. Acquisition of knowledge b. Confidence to converse c. Writing analytical and argumentative purposes 27. What steps have you been taken to improve the spoken English skill of the students? a. Emphasized regular newspaper reading b. Made them interact in the classroom c. Enable them participate in debates and seminars 28. In what way the students benefit from your interaction? a. Fluency develops b. Vocabulary develops c. Become free from shyness 29. Do the teachers provide opportunity for the learners to speak in the class? a. Always 30. Do you teach the learners the techniques of how to learn? a. Always

19 Do you teach how to use the dictionary? a. Always 32. The techniques normally used by English teachers are a. Creating situations b. Dramatizations c. Explaining and illustration 33. Do you think that external examination method is enough to measure one s depth of knowledge in English?, it is sufficient c. To a certain extent 34. What is your view about the university question paper? a. Clear and tests the in-depth knowledge of students b. Tests the surface level knowledge of the students c. Tests students ability to by heart 35. The question paper merely tests a. The contextual knowledge b. In depth knowledge of the subject c. Retention capacity of the students 36. What type of evaluation do you prefer? a. Centralized evaluation b. Decentralized evaluation c. Evaluation at the college itself 37. Have you attended any short term training courses on evaluation? c. No such need arise 38. Do you think some kind of examination is essential to test one s knowledge on spoken English? a. To a large extent 39. The students interact in the class in a. English b. Mother tongue c. Bi-lingual 40. The medium of instruction in the class is a. Only English b. Bi-lingual method c. Only in Tamil

20 41. Teachers use bi-lingual method to teach a. Detailed texts n-detailed texts c. Grammar 42. The methodology involves a. Teaching of the prescribed text b. Use of clippings from journals c. Teaching of the materials prepared by teachers 43. The classroom activities a. Restricted to the prescribed textbooks alone b. We give our own exercises c. Encourage students to evolve exercises 44. What are the A.V aids provided to you to teach? a. Tape recorders b. T.V sets c. Computers 45. Teachers do not use A.V aids in English class room because a. A.V aids have no fascination for adult learners b. English class needs no A.V aids c. A.V facility is not available in our college 46. Do you have acquaintance with the latest techniques of teaching English? c. Traditional method is the best method 47. The difficulty of teaching English are a. Students improper listening nature b. Large classroom and work load c. Students inability to interact in English 48. Eliciting responses from the students is a. Much easier b. Very tough c. Take too much time 49. Students understanding capacity is a. Good b. Average c. Poor 50. How do the students learn the subject? a. Understand and learn b. By heart without understanding c. By heart after understanding 286

21 51. The common errors committed by students are a. Lack of comprehension and expression b. Wrong punctuation mark c. Wrong usage of grammatical items 52. Do you encourage peer group activities? b. Rarely 53. Peer group teaching results in a. Gossiping ise in the classroom c. Initiating everyone in to conversation 54. What is your assessment of student s response to peer group teaching? a. Good b. Negative c. Neutral 55. Do you organize class level seminars for your students? b. At times 56. Participation of students in seminars a. All participate actively b. Partial participation c. Most of them are indifferent 57. Students response to innovative method of teaching a. Good b. Neutral c. Negative 58. How do you collect material for classroom purposes? a. From internet b. From newspaper and magazines c. I never supplement materials 59. When do you give remedial exercises? a. When most of the students make mistakes b. When the number of mistakes made by students are many c. When mass failures occur 60. What do you think about organizing in-service training programmes? a. Necessary b. Necessary and should be periodically organized c. Necessary only for junior members 61. Do you find the in-service programme useful? a. Very useful b. Useful to some extent c. It is ceremonial 287

22 How will you Asses your teaching? a. From the feedback given by the students b. From the colleagues c. From the exam result of the students 63. Feed back from students are collected a. Rarely b. At regular intervals 64. Do you have teachers guide c. It is not a must 65. Do you think that teacher s guide is essential? c. The university must provide it 66. Do you have teacher s diary? c. It is not a must 67. Do you meet and discuss with teachers of other colleges? c. It is not a must 68. In which area of the curriculum can the cooperation of the members of the other department be sought? a. Syllabus design b. Teaching c. Materials writing d. Evaluation 69. The students overall performance is a. Satisfactory t satisfactory c. Need improvement 70. Do you think that the number of hours of English classes should be increased a. No b. It is more than enough c. Classes should be reduced 71. Do you have a material development unit in your university? c. Not aware

23 What is the function of the material development unit? a. To investigate syllabus rationalization b. Streamline the writing of course syllabus c. Coordinating the writing and development of relevant teaching learning material 73. Language proficiency is important to the students a. Personally b. Academically c. Professionally 74. How would you rate your students in terms of their speaking skill? a. Good t bad c. poor 75. How would you rate your students in terms of their writing skill? a. Good t bad c. poor 76. Do you think that students should be given the opportunity to interact with English speakers necessary 77. Do you think that students tend to think in their mother tongue which imposes substantial interference? b. sometimes c. Rarely 78. What steps you have taken to facilitate student interaction? a. Encouraging the students to ask more questions b. Invite opinion and suggestion from the students c. Through open discussion 79. What do you think about the lack of proficiency of the students a. Lack of initiative of the students b. Lack of encouragement from the teachers c. Lack of exposure to the language 80. Do you think that the prescribed text book satisfy the criteria of a good textbook? a. Certainly b. It has some mistakes c. Not very attractive 81. What could be the reason behind the negligence of part II English by the students? a. Lack of interest b. It doesn t help to increase the percentage of marks in major subject c. A pass in part II English is enough

24 Do you think that the class room activities encouraged your students to use English on their own?, to a very great extent b. Yes, only to some extent c. Yes, they are trying 83. Do you think that the class room activities encouraged your students to do extra reading in English?, to a very great extent b. Yes, only to some extent c. No, not at all 84. Do you think computer knowledge is a must for the teacher? a. To a very great extent b. To some extent 85. Do you know how to have access to the internet?, I know, I don t know c. I wish to learn 86. Internet helps you to collect a. Notes for the students b. Lesson plans & language games c. Flash cards & pictures 87. Do you have acquaintance with any Organizations of English? c. The need doesn t occur 88. ELTAI is a. English Language Teachers Association b. English language Teachers Association of India c. English Language Teaching Association of India 89. Have you attended any ELTAI conferences? b. sometimes c. Rarely 90. How do you find the ELTAI conference? a. I haven t attended any b. It gives more information on teaching of English c. We can clarify our doubts with teachers from various parts of India 91. Have you presented any paper in the ELTAI conference b. sometimes

25 Have you conducted any action research to improve classroom teaching? c. Time is very short 93. Do you have membership in any of the following organizations? a. ELTAI b. IAELT c. SLELTA 94. Do you give opportunity to your students to attend seminars/conferences? b. sometimes 95. Do you organize seminars for your students? b. sometimes 96. Have you participated in any conference as resource person?, Only once b. Yes, Many times c. No, Never attended 97. Have you published any article in any of the magazines? b. sometimes 98. Do you encourage your students to write articles/essays/ poems to magazines? c. The need doesn t occur 99. Do you encourage your students to take competitive examinations in English? b. sometimes 100. Do you invite experts from other colleges/universities to handle class for your students? b. sometimes

26 292 TOOL USED FOR PILOT STUDY STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE ON ESL CURRICULUM 1. Did you have bridge course when you joined the course? 2. What did you learn in the bridge course a. Grammar b. Vocabulary & Pronunciation c. Spoken English d. All the above 3. Did you find the course useful to you? 4. Do you know your English syllabus? 5. When you joined the college, did you expect the General English course to improve your English? 6. The ESL curriculum enables the students to a. Achieve grammaticality in language use b. Achieve mastery in all language skills c. Perform well in the final examination 7. Do you feel that the General English course has improved your spoken skill? c. To a certain extent 8. How did you find the lessons prescribed for you in the text? a. Interesting and useful b. Interesting and not useful c. Useful but not interesting 9. The text prescribed for you enables you to a. Acquire general knowledge b. Understand real life situations c. Understand the language structure 10. When did you find the lessons interesting? a. When the units are short and simple b. When it dealt with life problems c. When the teacher made the lessons interesting

27 11. The method of teaching used in your class is a. Lecture method b. Translation method c. Discussion method 12. Which medium of instruction you prefer in the class? a. Only English b. Only Tamil c. Bilingual 13. In which of the following ways did you take part in classroom activities? a. Silent observer b. Uttered yes/no when called for c. Active participant 14. Which of the following activities are interesting to you a. Participation in discussion /debate b. Leading group discussions c. Arguing with the teacher 15. Frequency of class level seminars/debates b. At regular intervals 16. Do you have individual and group activities in learning? 17. What is your opinion about your English class? a. Lively and enjoyable b. Boring and dull c. Noisy 18. Did you understand the lessons well? a. Fully 19. Do you know the objectives of the lessons taught? a. To a great extent 20. Do you think that you have attained the objectives of the prescribed lessons? a. Fully b. We don t know the objectives c. We do not care for it 21. Have the classroom activities enabled you to use English on your own?, to a very great extent b. Yes, I am trying c. No, not helpful 293

28 22. Have the classroom activities encouraged you to do extra reading in English?, to a very great extent b. Yes, to some extent c. No, not at all 23. What are the following items you read? a. English news papers b. Periodicals and magazines c. Novels and short stories 24. Which of the following newspapers you read? a. The Hindu b. The Indian Express c. The Hindustan Times 25. Have you read the novels/short stories prescribed for you?, I read it fully b. I listened to the class when the teacher taught c. Only a few pages I read 26. While reading a book your concentration would be on a. The story b. The usage of the language c. New words 27. How do you find the poems prescribed for you? a. Theme is interesting b. The rhyme and rhythm are pleasing c. It is very difficult to understand the poem 28. How does the teacher teach the poem? a. Reads the poem and explains b. Briefly explains the main concept c. Teacher makes us enjoy the tune and theme of the poem 29. What is your opinion about by- hearting the famous lines of the poem? a. To write as it is in the examination b. To quote while speaking c. Just to enjoy 30. What is your opinion about the detailed texts? a. Very interesting and useful b. Useful but not interesting c. Interesting but not useful 31. How do you find the grammar classes? a. Very interesting and useful b. Useful but not interesting c. Interesting but not useful 32. What do you learn from the grammar classes? a. A set of grammar rules b. Sentence structures c. Usage of grammar in both writing and speaking 294

29 33. When are you given remedial exercises? a. When most of the students make mistakes b. Often c. Whenever the students fail in the exam 34. Does your teacher use A.V aids in the class? c. Some times 35. What are the A.V aids available in your college? a. T.V, Tape recorder b. Computer and PowerPoint presentations c. No such facilities available 36. What is your opinion about the use of A.V aids in the classroom? a. Interesting and it increases the retention power b. Attracts the attention of the students c. Enables to remember things for a long time 37. How do you prepare for the examination? a. By studying from guides b. By studying the notes given by the teacher c. By preparing my own notes referring various books 38. What is your opinion about the exam question paper? a. It tests the knowledge of the subject b. It tests general knowledge c. It tests the language skill d. It tests the memory of the students 39. What type of questions you prefer for the examination a. Only objective type questions b. Only essay type questions c. A combination of objective, paragraph and essay type questions 40. How do you find the university question paper a. Very clear b. Vague and confusing c. Has mistakes 41. What would you say about the need for including more literary pieces in the General English course? a. A collection of short stories may be included b. An anthology of poems may be included c. Both short stories and poems may be included d. No need for more literary pieces 42. Did your teacher collect feedback from the students? b. At regular intervals 295

30 The difficulties faced by students in learning English as a second language are due to a. Uninteresting text books b. Dislike for English c. Monotonous verbal teaching 44. In which of the following areas do you have difficulty in learning English a. In understanding the concept b. In expressing the idea c. Wrong usage of grammar 45. The medium of communication in the classroom is a. Tamil b. English c. Bilingual d. None 46. Do you find difficulty in conversing fluently in English? a. Always 47. Which of the following can be considered as the main reason for the lack of spoken skill among the students? a. The medium of instruction is bi-lingual b. Lack of exposure to the language c. Students and teachers aim at the exams 48. What can be done to improve the spoken English skill of the students? a. Medium of instruction should be strictly in English b. Medium of communication should be in English c. Opportunities should be provided to the students to express themselves in English 49. Do you find the language laboratory very useful to you it is useful b. It facilitates interactive exercises c. We don t have a language lab in our college 50. Are you satisfied with the existing methodology of teaching English? a. To a great extent 51. Does your text have useful material for spoken English? a. To a great extent 52. Do your teachers teach you how to learn a lesson? 53. Do your teachers teach you how to use a dictionary?

31 297 c. Rarely d. Not at all 54. Do you think some kind of examination is essential to test one s knowledge on spoken English? c. It is not possible 55. Does your examination system have a practical test on spoken English?, we have, we don t have c. It is not possible to incorporate practical exams 56. Do your syllabus emphasize the importance of spoken English 57. Does your syllabus speak out any concrete steps for the teaching and testing of spoken English? c. Teaching is included 58. How many students do you have in your class room? a b c Do you have adequate teachers to teach English? c. Other subject teachers also take class 60. Do you have combined English class with other major students? 61. How many hours do you have in a week? a. 4 hours b. 5 hours c. 6 hours 62. Do you think that the number of hours of English class should be increased?, we need more hours b. no need to increase the hours c. hours should be reduce 63. To which subject do you give first preference

32 a. Part I b. Part II c. Major subject 64. Do you agree that students give little importance to part II English? 65. What could be the reason behind the negligence of part II English by the students? a. Lack of interest b. It doesn t help to increase the percentage of marks in major subject c. A pass in part II English is enough d. Aversion of the language 66. Do you have adequate books in the library for reference? c. No need to refer 67. Do your teachers help you refer books in the library? 68. Do you prepare notes of your own? 69. Do you think that reference works fetch you more marks? 70. Do you want your teacher to prepare notes for you? 71. Why do you want your teacher to prepare notes for you? a. Teacher prepares standard notes b. It saves our time c. Teacher gives more marks to the answer prepared by her 72. Are you satisfied with the evaluation system of your college?, satisfied c. Don t know anything about the evaluation system 73. Do you think that the lessons prescribed are fit for self study? c. Without the help of the teacher nothing could be learned 74. Do you participate actively in your English classes? 298

33 Do you find the vocabulary and structures you learned from the text useful in your dayto-day life? 76. Have you ever attempted to use the structures/vocabulary you learned from your lesson, when you speak? 77. Do you converse with your friends in English? 78. Have you ever been influence by your friend to converse in English? 79. Have you ever felt ashamed when you commit mistakes while speaking English in the public? 80. Which factor prevents you from speaking English in the public? a. Fear of committing mistakes b. Shyness c. Lack of vocabulary 81. Which of the following you consider as the best way to enhance spoken English skill? a. To attend spoken English classes b. To read good newspapers and magazines c. To speak English without bothering mistakes 82. Do you appreciate your teachers attempt to make English as the lingua franca of the class? 83. What measures have your teacher been taken to make you speak in English? a. Teacher invites suggestions from me

34 300 b. Asks questions c. Involves me in discussions 84. Do you think that the prescribed text book satisfy the criteria of a good textbook? a. Certainly b. It has some mistakes c. Not very attractive 85. Which of the following teaching behaviour you like in your teacher? a. Creating situations b. Dramatizing c. Explaining and illustrating 86. Do you have difficulty in pronouncing s and sh sounds in English? c. Careful pronunciation is needed 87. What could be the reason behind the faulty pronunciation of English? a. Influence of mother tongue b. Lack of practice c. Defective teaching 88. Have the classroom activities enabled you to use English on your own? 89. Do you think that that the students should be involved in preparing the syllabus? a. Certainly b. Only teachers should be consulted c. Experts should be consulted 90. Do your teachers welcome your views on the General English Syllabus? 91. What would you say about classroom activities such as debates, discussions, quiz, word games etc? a. Very interesting and useful b. Highly boring and useless c. It is a waste of time 92. Do you have the habit of writing letters to your friends in English? 93. Do your teachers encourage you to participate in seminars/conferences?

35 94. Do your teachers give you information about IELTS/TOEFL examinations c. I learned it from newspapers 95. Do your teachers encourage you to write articles to the magazines? 96. Do your teachers give you learning materials from the internet? 97. Do your teachers encourage you to collect additional information form the internet? 98. Do your teachers encourage you to chat through internet? 99. Do you think that the General English classes will help you to write competitive examinations? a. To a great extent b. To some extent 100. Do you think that at the end of the course you will be able to communicate confidently in English? a. To a great extent b. To some extent 301

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