Size Matters An exploration of the indispensability of small art spaces Maaike Lauwaert

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Size Matters An exploration of the indispensability of small art spaces Maaike Lauwaert"

Transcription

1 Size Matters An exploration of the indispensability of small art spaces Maaike Lauwaert Size Matters was commissioned by BAM, the Flemish institute for professional contemporary visual, audio visual and media art. With thanks to Dirk De Wit. An abridged version was published in HART, December Translated by Jacoba Bruneel. Size Matters At first sight, the art world can easily be divided into large museums and art centres on the one hand and galleries on the other. To put it crudely, the task of the first is to collect, to bring art to the general public and to write the canon by means of retrospectives, while the latter busies itself with the market and the value of art expressed in money. Between museums and galleries are the smaller art spaces, the whole of organisations that are smaller than museums, that are not market oriented and which might accept very diverse forms of work: ranging from nomadic artists initiatives and temporary collaborations to institutions with permanent exhibition space. Small art spaces What connects this heterogeneous group is an experimental programme with space for young or lesser known artists, close collaboration with artists, experiments with curatorial methods, a flexible programming, a local embedding and an international orientation. These organisations often work for a longer time on a specific subject spread across exhibitions, publications and/or lectures because other than museums and galleries they are not bound to a regime of quickly changing new exhibitions. They are not bound either to a large, expensive building and ditto collection, so they can afford a more flexible form of organisation. They are not only heterogeneous in their operating manner but also in the means with which they do so. Artists initiatives, for instance, often operate on the budget brought in by the artists involved, other small institutions receive grants or generate income through renting out spaces or selling publications. The deployment of personnel ranges from working with volunteers to four or five full time employees (often spread across multiple functions by means of part time constructions). The operating budget, the size of the team and, of course, the content of the programme play a part in determining the kind of space in which the institutions work. Nomadic institutions search for a suitable space for each project, others might use premises provided by the municipality and no budget institutions might even organise projects in their own living spaces. What troubles the division of tasks between museums, galleries and small art centres is the fact that museums, large art centres and galleries increasingly tread on the terrain of smaller art spaces; think of the project spaces of museums where young art or new developments in art are shown or the curated exhibitions at art fairs that are not necessarily meant to sell. Historically, the smaller art spaces displayed the experimental and young artists who could not yet get into the galleries and museums. This clear distinction can no longer be maintained because of the increasingly hybrid forms of organisation. Small, alternative galleries specifically grow more alike small art spaces because they show young, lesser known artists (of whom sale is not

2 guaranteed) and increasingly implement a discursive programme with lectures and workshops. Some journals as well are rather directed towards developing a discourse and work with artists and theoreticians as curators do in a small art space; by developing projects, handing out commissions, deepening themes. Such journals might also, in a way, be regarded to function as small spaces. This blurring of boundaries increases the complexity of the role and function of small art spaces; their distinctive position is no longer self evident. However, there is a substantial difference between the project space of a museum, an alternative gallery and a small art space. This is due to the context in which the institutions work, the history of small art centres and their methods. Art ecology If you approach the art world as an ecology which has to consist of a wholesome mixture of education, artists, galleries, collectors, curators, art fairs, museums, critics and journals, art spaces are indispensable in this structure because of their flexibility and experimental nature. They are places in which artists hold their first exhibition, where curators and directors learn the profession, where the visitors encounter unknown artists for the first time and where new methods and presentation models are tested and valorised. Much of the knowledge, talent and innovation produced in small art spaces eventually finds its way to galleries, museums and the general public. Thus they are an indispensable link in the visual arts ecology, both in regard to the supply of new talent as to the innovation in the field. Furthermore, small art spaces, artists initiatives and journals have an important local function. They determine the local art climate and the liveability of a city for art lovers, artists, curators and theoreticians. They have this local function both despite and thanks to their international orientation. Small art spaces work with international artists, engage in international partnerships and implement an international oriented programme. The international network of these organisations consists of similar institutions, the more experimental galleries, (young) curators and theoreticians. Within these networks, artists are exchanged, collaborative publications are published, websites are connected to each other and curatorial concepts are critically reflected on. The fluid and selfevident international methods of small art centres is unique in the art world because they are not hampered by, for instance, market competition or complex loan procedures. The importance of these small art spaces for the development of the visual arts and the art climate is insufficiently acknowledged by politics, press and public. In the current political and economical era, this is a regrettable situation. Political pressure Small art spaces are heavily pressured internationally and their continued existence is threatened. This is caused by the dangerous mixture of governments which increasingly withdraw, the redefinition of grants as investments that reward high visitor numbers and a high revenue (two things that are inherently difficult for small art spaces), and the fact that life in big cities has become so expensive that operating independently is nearly impossible. The British Common Practice group has therefore recently carried out a study among small visual arts organisations to bring their importance to attention and to point out that the current political measures for this sector are disastrous. (1) The researchers convincingly set forth that small art spaces fulfil a crucial role in art ecology (because, for example, they give commissions to artists

3 or develop new formats to reach their audience), that in doing so they operate significantly different than, for instance, the museums and large art centres, but that, despite this, governments and grant providers submit them to the same measurement systems used to assess museums or festivals. The requirements which are set in, for instance, England and the Netherlands with regard to audience outreach and own revenue are based on large institutions and on implementing a popular programme. Small art spaces, however, serve an inherently different goal than museums or commercial institutions, just as vital for a healthy visual arts ecology, but not as measurable and quantifiable in the same way. The fact that high visitor numbers and a high own revenue are difficult to realise for small art spaces is exactly down to their indispensable, unique position in the field of visual arts; they conduct an experimental programme with mostly non established names. Last year during a debate at the Dutch House of Representatives, Ann Demeester compared the small art spaces with so called corner shops. These are smaller, specialised stores that, other than the large supermarkets, offer a distilled range of goods that is aimed at a smaller group of aficionados. (And this is quite apart from the fact that many small art spaces would be infrastructurally unable to accommodate high numbers of visitors). Because small art spaces work for an audience of enthusiasts and because hospitability and approachability (you do not have to pass revolving doors, security, cloak rooms and cash registers) are integral parts of their method, all activities are generally for free. These two factors are the reason that small art spaces are no match for, for example, museums and festivals when it comes to visitor numbers and own revenue. The fact that they are crucial because of very different reasons (supply of talent, development of new formats, experiment, functioning as a laboratory, a learning space for the curators and directors of the future) is insufficiently acknowledged. Circular Facts The book Circular Facts, which was published by Sternberg Press in October, is a good example of the methods of small art spaces. The book is part of a long running study of three small art centres: Casco Office for Art, Design and Theory in Utrecht, Objectif Exhibitions in Antwerp and The Showroom in London. This international partnership made commissions to artists, organised symposiums and collected their joint knowledge on a shared website. (2) The aforementioned briefly sketched questions and problems are also the approach of the book. The initiators of the project write in the introduction, for instance, that they want to qualify their relationship to the public (p. 5). The Circular Facts programme was initiated to investigate shared interests and ideas and to bring the functioning of small art spaces to the fore. The three initiators share concerns about the future of small art spaces and, in this book, they explore the role, quality and impact of these institutions in relation to the local and international art world, the existing and desirable relations with artists, and the direction in which small art spaces might be able to develop and the function they might take on now in light of the disadvantageous political and financial climates. These questions are investigated by means of eight (mainly European) case studies. The different stories of small art spaces show how the context in which the institutions work also determines what can be done (Heejin Kim who runs Art Space Pool in Seoul is probably the most extreme example hereof), how divergent the methods of small art spaces can be (ranging from Bétonsalon, located within a university, to Bulegoa Zenbaki Barik, which operates as a

4 collective), and how the current political pressure to institutionalise, to professionalise and, therefore, to bureaucratise produces resistance and friction (this is articulated well and entertainingly in the text by Francis McKee of the CCA in Glasgow and in the contribution of Will Bradley about the Kunsthall Oslo). Take care The opening text Take Care by Anthony Huberman constitutes the book s spine. He characterises small art spaces in terms of their behaviour, he places the how above the what. He writes, for instance, with regard to the blurring of boundaries between museum, galleries and small art organisations, that museums and galleries might perhaps take risks with what they show, but that they do not do so in their methods (p. 11). For example, they do not question the logic and structure of exhibitions, and museums continue fighting for higher visitor numbers. Small art spaces, therefore, have to distinguish themselves in how they operate and how they behave. Instead of regarding an exhibition as a means to keep objects and processes under control and to use them to prove a point as a curator or to prove a statement, you might use the exhibition to discover, along with the visitors, how the point you wanted to prove behaves itself and how it develops. You would be publicly following, with others, the life of an idea rather than having your explanations ready in advance. The opening of an exhibition is the start of a process of thought, of a curatorial idea and not the end thereof. Traditionally curators play the part of the interpreter who was to enlighten the visitors who are ignorant of something. They are here Huberman uses terms introduced by Jan Verwoert in his essay Exhaustion and Exuberance (2008) experts in the field of I Know who do not want to associate themselves with the I Don t Know. (3) But as a curator you could also embrace a fragile relationship with knowledge and as an institution you might stop behaving as an interpreting machine. Instead you invest in the equality of intelligences (here Huberman draws on Jacques Rancière) in which they who know something engage with those who know something else (p. 12). So this is not a plea for abandoning the expertise of the I Know in return for the anti intellectual I Don t Know, but for going beyond these binary positions. As an alternative Huberman introduces the affective curatorial approach of what Verwoert denotes as I Care (p. 13). The focus of the institutions thus shifts from knowing to caring about or caring for. It is more important for your visitors to care about something, than it is to understand. It is more important to thank artists and to honour them, than it is to teach and analyse them. To care about something, to care for something also implies that you have to pay attention to it. Thus, you have to slow down and take your time, for example, by repeating an exhibition, by doing long running research, by setting up a programme, by opening an exhibition for the duration of eight months (p. 15). But this stopping and getting of the train also means you fall out of the news cycle and that you will reach a smaller, more involved audience (p. 16). Finally, Huberman asks the small art spaces to remain unadjusted to the art world, which is obsessed by knowledge, power and scale, and to be proud of this unadjustedness (p. 17). Future The questions Circular Facts wants to address with this book are not all treated as explicitly. But those who read the book carefully are handed valuable handles that might help when reflecting

5 about the future of small art spaces. As outlined above, Huberman urges us to review our methods, our behaviour, to care more about things, to care for them and to take our time. At the same time, his assertion that the affective curatorial approach will draw fewer visitors is frightening. Because, even though this might be acceptable effect of the affective curatorial approach for the small art spaces for we all want an involved and engaged audience after all the government wants visitor numbers to climb. (4) McKee does have an answer to this. In 2005, he had to rescue the CCA from a situation comparable to the current climate, i.e. nobody believed in the value and function of the institution. He writes that the financial malaise was beneficial rather than detrimental for the institution, because it forced them to answer questions about their right to exist, their role and relevance. When you know how to answer these questions convincingly, it is easier to explain to others why you have to exist: Then you can change their opinion rather than have to adapt to their ideology (p. 49). Instead of going along with the ruling market ideology and the accompanying demands about increasing audience successes and own revenue, we have to formulate our own answers. In his Strombeek lecture Vermoeidheid, cultuurpolitiek in Vlaanderen ( Fatigue, cultural policy in Flanders ), Gerard Mortier also lamented that profit oriented thinking dominates everything. On every occasion the question is asked whether this or that is efficient and if it will generate a profit. (5) Escaping this by not adjusting to this ideology is vital for small art spaces will not win the battle for their existence on the economic field. Their importance, their indispensability lies somewhere else, in the public, the social and, let us not forget this, the artistic field. A second tasks is to, as Bradley phrases it, not to let the bureaucracies, the flights, hotel rooms and train times, the funding structures, the audience figures, the white paint on the walls, the advertisements in international journals, the evaluative workshops overshadow the existence of your institution and to not let them come in between you and your goals (p. 65). A certain degree of professionalism is of course necessary to successfully run an institution, to know what you represent and where you want to go. Bureaucratic processes, however, create a distance between an institution and that which the institution represents: art, artists, the development hereof and the dialogue with the audience. You have to remain light hearted as it were, facilitate flexibility and continue being open towards experiment. A viscous, bureaucratic manner of operating directly opposes that which characterises small art spaces and what distinguishes them from other players in the art field. Some institutions incorporate innovation by appointing a different curator every couple of years, by not renting a permanent exhibition space or by giving priority to the temporality of the initiative. Small art spaces are not temporary by definition, but in practice they often turn out to be. Museums, with their large buildings and cumbersome collections incorporate the suggestion of an eternal existence. Small art spaces, meanwhile, always have to have the option of abolishing themselves in their sights. Why you exist, the fact you have to exist, is not set in stone by definition and in advance. On the one hand, this renders you fragile because your right to existence might be questioned every single time, but, on the other hand, it hands you an unbridled and liberating space to continue changing, innovating and evolving. And this is, in the end, a great thing. Maaike Lauwaert is curator of visual arts at Stroom Den Haag and works for De Zaak Nu, an interest group for independent art spaces.

6 Circular Facts book: compiled by Mai Abu ElDahab (Ojbectif Exhibitions, Antwerp), Binna Choi (Casco, Office for Art, Design and Theory, Utrect), and Emily Pethick (The Showroom, London). In addition to reflective essays, ten exhibition initiatives have donated a contribution to the theme: Artist s Institute, Art Space Pool, Bétonsalon, Bulegoa Zenbaki Barik, CCA, Konsthall C, Kunsthall Oslo, Kunstverein Amsterdam and Les Laboratoires D Aubervillers. Published by Sternberg Press. Footnotes: (1) The study can be downloaded through the website (2) All projects of this partnership might be found on (3) The essay can be downloaded as a PDF file on viaabstraction.uwaterloo.ca/maincontent/exhaustexuberance.pdf (4) Moreover, this problem is primarily a European issue because small art spaces exist mainly thanks to grants from the public sector. This public support is increasingly accompanied with utilitarian and market oriented reasoning and the call for more and bigger. A development which directly opposes the nature and methods of small art spaces. (5) The lecture was held on 19 December 2010 at Cultuurcentrum Strombeek.

ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP INFORMATION PACKAGE

ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP INFORMATION PACKAGE ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP INFORMATION PACKAGE ABOUT CRAFT ACT: CRAFT AND DESIGN CENTRE ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP (AM) Contemporary craft and design in Canberra is a diverse and vibrant field. The number of successful

More information

Putting on an exhibition about your research

Putting on an exhibition about your research Real Life Methods Part of the ESRC National Centre for Research Methods Toolkit #02 Putting on an exhibition about your research Hazel Burke, Real Life Methods, University of Manchester July 2008 About

More information

Changing Business Models in the Creative Industries: The cases of Television, Computer Games and Music. Executive Summary

Changing Business Models in the Creative Industries: The cases of Television, Computer Games and Music. Executive Summary Changing Business Models in the Creative Industries: The cases of Television, Computer Games and Music Executive Summary This is an independent report commissioned by the Intellectual Property Office (IPO).

More information

Creative media and digital activity

Creative media and digital activity Creative media and digital activity This information sheet is for prospective applicants to the Grants for the arts programme, who will be applying from 1 July 2013. Please also read our How to apply guidance

More information

The Artist s Institute, New York

The Artist s Institute, New York support structure that works as a hub for the production and dissemination of a series of artistic projects. Our emphasis has been on finding nonbureaucratic ways of working together and pooling resources

More information

Preface. A Plea for Cultural Histories of Migration as Seen from a So-called Euro-region

Preface. A Plea for Cultural Histories of Migration as Seen from a So-called Euro-region Preface A Plea for Cultural Histories of Migration as Seen from a So-called Euro-region The Centre for the History of Intercultural Relations (CHIR), which organised the conference of which this book is

More information

Diversity is not about them and us. It s about. all of us.

Diversity is not about them and us. It s about. all of us. Tate for all Diversity is not about them and us. It s about If you require this booklet in an alternative format please email cheryl.richardson@tate.org.uk or call 0207 8878026. all of us. Tate for all

More information

Fashion with Textiles Design BA (Hons) + Fashion Business BA. + Foundation in Fashion. Programmes are validated by:

Fashion with Textiles Design BA (Hons) + Fashion Business BA. + Foundation in Fashion. Programmes are validated by: Fashion with Textiles Design BA (Hons) + Fashion Business BA (Hons) + Foundation in Fashion Programmes are validated by: WELCOME TO THE AMSTERDAM FASHION ACADEMY THE AMSTERDAM FASHION ACADEMY IS AN INTERNATIONAL

More information

MASTER S DEGREE IN FINE ART PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION Adopted by the Board of KHiB on 27 October 2011

MASTER S DEGREE IN FINE ART PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION Adopted by the Board of KHiB on 27 October 2011 MASTER S DEGREE IN FINE ART PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION Adopted by the Board of KHiB on 27 October 2011 1. THE PROFILE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY PROGRAMME The Master s programme in Fine Art is an interdisciplinary

More information

The Goethe-Institut is the cultural institute of the Federal Republic of Germany with a global reach.

The Goethe-Institut is the cultural institute of the Federal Republic of Germany with a global reach. Goethe V&A Photography Residency This residency programme is a newly established cooperation between the Goethe-Institut London and the V&A, which together are creating a high-profile residency experience

More information

8.2 MARKETING AND PROMOTION. Advertising And Image Making. Producing A Marketing Plan. Promoting Community Organisations

8.2 MARKETING AND PROMOTION. Advertising And Image Making. Producing A Marketing Plan. Promoting Community Organisations 82 RUNNING THE ENTERPRISE 8 MARKETING AND PROMOTION Advertising And Image Making Producing A Marketing Plan Promoting Community Organisations Why Are You Promoting Yourselves? Generating Publicity Selling

More information

University of the Arts London (UAL)

University of the Arts London (UAL) Programme Specification Every taught course of study leading to a UAL award is required to have a Programme Specification. This summarises the course aims, learning outcomes, teaching, learning and assessment

More information

Whitworth Art Gallery Strategic Plan 2012-15

Whitworth Art Gallery Strategic Plan 2012-15 Whitworth Art Gallery Strategic Plan 2012-15 Contextual analysis The Whitworth Art Gallery, with its sister institution the Manchester Museum, is one of the cultural assets of the University of Manchester,

More information

Strategic Plan Templates and Funding Agreement Samples

Strategic Plan Templates and Funding Agreement Samples Strategic Plan Templates and Funding Agreement Samples STRATEGIC PLAN All triennial funding applications must include a three year strategic plan that relates to the proposed funding period. Applications

More information

Engagement and motivation in games development processes

Engagement and motivation in games development processes Engagement and motivation in games development processes Engagement and motivation in games development processes Summary... 1 Key findings... 1 1. Background... 2 Why do we need to engage with games developers?...

More information

Digital Marketing & Social Media - London

Digital Marketing & Social Media - London Digital Marketing & Social Media - London This programme, delivered in the heart of London, aims to fast track your digital marketing career in will gain skills, technical expertise, and insights into

More information

Anatomy of a Collections Management Policy

Anatomy of a Collections Management Policy ALLIANCE REFERENCE GUIDE Developing a Collections Management Policy This reference guide aims to help museums develop a collections management policy, a core document supporting a museum s mission and

More information

BA (Hons) Photography course content

BA (Hons) Photography course content BA (Hons) Photography course content Year One Year One modules Representation and Construction in Photography (80 credits) This first visual practice module presents you with some of the misconceptions

More information

University of the Arts London (UAL)

University of the Arts London (UAL) Programme Specification Every taught course of study leading to a UAL award is required to have a Programme Specification. This summarises the course aims, learning outcomes, teaching, learning and assessment

More information

Title: Guiding Models and Norm Study for Water Storage: A new way of thinking?

Title: Guiding Models and Norm Study for Water Storage: A new way of thinking? Tools Title: Guiding Models and Norm Study for Water Storage: A new way of thinking? Keywords: Regional; communication; inundation; stakeholder engagement; water management; spatial planning Audience:

More information

THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF ART'S PROGRAMME SYLLABUS FOR THE PROGRAMME IN. FINE ARTS (300 ECTS credits)

THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF ART'S PROGRAMME SYLLABUS FOR THE PROGRAMME IN. FINE ARTS (300 ECTS credits) THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF ART'S PROGRAMME SYLLABUS FOR THE PROGRAMME IN FINE ARTS (300 ECTS credits) The main structure of the Programme Every student's artistic process is unique, and therefore the programme

More information

Running a successful golf club

Running a successful golf club Running a successful golf club Issue 1 Membership and Customer Relationship Management (CRM): Why profiling is key to retention An ebook by NFS Technology Group www.nfs- hospitality.com How to run a successful

More information

Stroom Den Haag. Grants

Stroom Den Haag. Grants Stroom Den Haag Grants Contents 1 Introduction 3 Objective 3 Positioning of the Stroom grant scheme 3 Stimulating activities 3 Grant options 3 Evaluation 4 2 Key points of attention 5 3 PRO Grants - General

More information

Methodological Issues for Interdisciplinary Research

Methodological Issues for Interdisciplinary Research J. T. M. Miller, Department of Philosophy, University of Durham 1 Methodological Issues for Interdisciplinary Research Much of the apparent difficulty of interdisciplinary research stems from the nature

More information

Cleveland College of Art & Design BA (Hons) Fashion Enterprise Programme Handbook 2013-2014 1

Cleveland College of Art & Design BA (Hons) Fashion Enterprise Programme Handbook 2013-2014 1 Cleveland College of Art & Design BA (Hons) Fashion Enterprise Programme Handbook 2013-2014 1 BA (Hons) Fashion Enterprise Programme Handbook 2013-2014 Your Programme Handbook provides you with a range

More information

London Chamber of Commerce and Industry s Response to UKBA s Consultation on Employment-related settlement, Tier 5 and Domestic Workers

London Chamber of Commerce and Industry s Response to UKBA s Consultation on Employment-related settlement, Tier 5 and Domestic Workers London Chamber of Commerce and Industry s Response to UKBA s Consultation on Employment-related settlement, Tier 5 and Domestic Workers London Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) is the capital s largest

More information

Towards 2020 The British Museum s Strategy

Towards 2020 The British Museum s Strategy Towards 2020 The British Museum s Strategy 1 1. Principles and Purpose The British Museum is an Enlightenment ideal. Its Trustees are responsible for making it, in each generation, a continuing reality.

More information

I can t help but feel the market only has room for four players. Undoubtedly, customer

I can t help but feel the market only has room for four players. Undoubtedly, customer READING SAMPLE PAPER Market awareness of the mobile telephone has exploded and the retailer who specialises in mobile phones is seeing growth like never before. Admittedly, some customers buy their first

More information

Work based learning. Executive summary. Background

Work based learning. Executive summary. Background Work based learning Executive summary Background The training contract stage of qualifying as a solicitor is a prime example of 'work based learning' (WBL), a phrase that generally describes the learning

More information

Credit Card Market Study Interim Report: Annex 4 Switching Analysis

Credit Card Market Study Interim Report: Annex 4 Switching Analysis MS14/6.2: Annex 4 Market Study Interim Report: Annex 4 November 2015 This annex describes data analysis we carried out to improve our understanding of switching and shopping around behaviour in the UK

More information

Arts, Humanities and Social Science Faculty

Arts, Humanities and Social Science Faculty MFA in Fine Art (full-time) For students entering in 2015/6 Awarding Institution: Teaching Institution: Relevant QAA subject Benchmarking group(s): Faculty: Programme length: Date of specification: Programme

More information

Standards for Professional Practice in Children s Museums

Standards for Professional Practice in Children s Museums Standards for Professional Practice in Children s Museums Reproduction without permission prohibited 1992, 2012 CHILDREN S MUSEUMS WHERE CHILDREN LEARN THROUGH PLAY AND EXPLORATION IN ENVIRONMENTS AND

More information

Award Programme Title Duration Mode of Study. MA (RCA) Animation 2 Years Full-time

Award Programme Title Duration Mode of Study. MA (RCA) Animation 2 Years Full-time 1. General Information Award Programme Title Duration Mode of Study MA (RCA) Animation 2 Years Full-time Awarding Institution Royal College of Art Teaching Institution Royal College of Art Professional

More information

Corporate Social Responsibility Policy

Corporate Social Responsibility Policy Corporate Social Responsibility Policy 2 Content 1 Motivation 3 1.1 What do we want to achieve? 3 2 Definition and policy 4 2.1 What is our ambition 4 2.2 Stakeholders 4 3 Delineation and scope 5 4 Ambitions

More information

Eumedion response to the IAASB Framework for Audit Quality

Eumedion response to the IAASB Framework for Audit Quality James Gunn, Technical Director International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board 545 Fifth Avenue, 14 th Floor New York, New York 10017 USA Submitted by e-mail Subject: Eumedion response to the IAASB

More information

How to run a club Introduction What makes a Morley club?

How to run a club Introduction What makes a Morley club? How to run a club Introduction Morley College has always supported clubs that enhance student life and there have been student clubs at the College since the early 1890s. This advisory paper has been prepared

More information

Virtual Meetings. White paper. Strategic Results. anne@strategicresults.com 443.451.7007

Virtual Meetings. White paper. Strategic Results. anne@strategicresults.com 443.451.7007 White paper Strategic Results anne@strategicresults.com 443.451.7007 Virtual Meetings It would be difficult to overestimate the cost cutting measures businesses of all descriptions have embraced as a result

More information

HOW TO HOLD TO HOLD A SUCCESSFUL IEEE CONSULTANT S WORKSHOP

HOW TO HOLD TO HOLD A SUCCESSFUL IEEE CONSULTANT S WORKSHOP HOW TO HOLD TO HOLD A SUCCESSFUL IEEE CONSULTANT S WORKSHOP INTRODUCTION Because of the increasing interest of IEEE engineers in consulting as a career, the Alliance for IEEE Consulting Networks (AICN)

More information

Certificate of School Business Management

Certificate of School Business Management Certificate of School Business Management This document provides additional information about each module of the programme to assist prospective applicants. DEVELOPMENT MODULES DM1: Understanding School

More information

SURFACE IMPRESSION. Mobile apps. Examples of our work within the cultural and heritage sectors

SURFACE IMPRESSION. Mobile apps. Examples of our work within the cultural and heritage sectors Mobile apps Examples of our work within the cultural and heritage sectors ABOUT US Surface Impression is an imaginative and innovative digital media development company based in Brighton. Since the company

More information

VISITING AN ART MUSEUM OR GALLERY

VISITING AN ART MUSEUM OR GALLERY Part 1 VISITING AN ART MUSEUM OR GALLERY Resources for second level students and teachers. Exhibition: Rivane Neuenschwander, A Day Like Any Other Rivane Neuenschwander, O Inquilino / The Tenant, 2010,

More information

INSURANCE. A paper discussing the types of insurance relevant to museum professionals, including building, permanent

INSURANCE. A paper discussing the types of insurance relevant to museum professionals, including building, permanent INSURANCE A paper discussing the types of insurance relevant to museum professionals, including building, permanent collection, public liability, workers compensation, temporary loans and tours and contents.

More information

ASSESSMENT CENTER FOR IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL PROJECT MANAGERS: A CHANCE FOR SYSTEMATIC HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

ASSESSMENT CENTER FOR IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL PROJECT MANAGERS: A CHANCE FOR SYSTEMATIC HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT ASSESSMENT CENTER FOR IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL PROJECT MANAGERS: A CHANCE FOR SYSTEMATIC HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Dipl. Psych. Ingo Heyn, ALLIANZ LEBENSVERSICHERUNGS-AG, Germany, 1999 Paper for the 6th

More information

How Local Businesses Can Use Mobile Applications to Attract and Retain More Customers

How Local Businesses Can Use Mobile Applications to Attract and Retain More Customers How Local Businesses Can Use Mobile Applications to Attract and Retain More Customers Contents 1. Why not going mobile is unthinkable, for any business 2. How mobile apps can attract more customers 3.

More information

INSPIRE, The Dutch way Observations on implementing INSPIRE in the Netherlands

INSPIRE, The Dutch way Observations on implementing INSPIRE in the Netherlands European Commission DG Environment, Unit D.4 Governance, Information & Reporting 1049 Brussels Belgium Dir. Ruimtelijke Ontwikkeling Plesmanweg 1-6 Den Haag Contactpersoon Per mal INSPIRE, The Dutch way

More information

Extra City Kunsthal Open Call

Extra City Kunsthal Open Call Extra City Kunsthal Open Call Call for projects Extra City, 2017-2019 Deadline 14 October 2016 Extra City is a Kunsthal that finds inspiration in the city for depicting different visions of our future,

More information

CODE OF CONDUCT for Court Experts in civil law and administrative law cases

CODE OF CONDUCT for Court Experts in civil law and administrative law cases CODE OF CONDUCT for Court Experts in civil law and administrative law cases version 3.7 January 2012 This Code of Conduct was drawn up at the request of the Council for the Judiciary and under the responsibility

More information

RAKUTEN ATTRIBUTION MEASURING THE MODERN SHOPPER RAKUTEN ATTRIBUTION

RAKUTEN ATTRIBUTION MEASURING THE MODERN SHOPPER RAKUTEN ATTRIBUTION RAKUTEN MARKETING Measuring the Modern Shopper Measuring the Modern Shopper Introduction Modern retailing is developing fast and the lines between online and offline are increasingly blurred. We have come

More information

About PXSTL About the Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts

About PXSTL About the Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts Pulitzer Arts Foundation and Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts at Washington University in St. Louis Launch Second Cycle of National Design-Build Competition, PXSTL Artists, Architects, and Designers

More information

University of the Arts London (UAL) MA Character Animation Art & Design Date of production/revision May 2014

University of the Arts London (UAL) MA Character Animation Art & Design Date of production/revision May 2014 Programme Specification Every taught course of study leading to a UAL award is required to have a Programme Specification. This summarises the course aims, learning outcomes, teaching, learning and assessment

More information

Our success has been accomplished by our focus on your needs and the ability to quickly understand your processes, products and markets.

Our success has been accomplished by our focus on your needs and the ability to quickly understand your processes, products and markets. In sightful and Crea tive WHO ARE? Bromley & Stone are a marketing services agency that has achieved an excellent reputation by providing insightful and creative marketing solutions, professionally and

More information

City Marketing in Amsterdam An organisation-based anthropological study of public-private partnership in the field of city marketing in Amsterdam

City Marketing in Amsterdam An organisation-based anthropological study of public-private partnership in the field of city marketing in Amsterdam City Marketing in Amsterdam An organisation-based anthropological study of public-private partnership in the field of city marketing in Amsterdam 1 Amsterdam on the World Stage: reason for and background

More information

Case study: V&A Photography Curators

Case study: V&A Photography Curators Case study: V&A Photography Curators 2 What The response to our questionnaire about this partnership tells us that it is: A two-year pilot programme to help support the development of curatorial expertise

More information

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES. Cass Business School Department or equivalent UG Programme (Cass Business School) UCAS Code

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES. Cass Business School Department or equivalent UG Programme (Cass Business School) UCAS Code PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Business Studies Award BSc (Hons) School Cass Business School Department or equivalent UG Programme (Cass Business School) UCAS

More information

Helen Featherstone, Visitor Studies Group and University of the West of England, Bristol

Helen Featherstone, Visitor Studies Group and University of the West of England, Bristol AUDIENCE RESEARCH AS A STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT TOOL Sofie Davis, Natural History Museum Helen Featherstone, Visitor Studies Group and University of the West of England, Bristol Acknowledgements: The authors

More information

Do slow applications affect call centre performance?

Do slow applications affect call centre performance? Do slow applications affect call centre performance? A white paper examining the impact of slow applications on call centre quality and productivity Summary To be successful in today s competitive markets

More information

Artists Access to Empty Spaces: Fact Sheet

Artists Access to Empty Spaces: Fact Sheet Published March 2015 Artists Access to Empty Spaces: Fact Sheet The Artists access to empty buildings event (Weds 4 Feb, 2015) explored ways in which artists and artist led projects access empty spaces.

More information

A Newcomers Guide to Market and Social Research

A Newcomers Guide to Market and Social Research A Newcomers Guide to Market and Social Research This is a guide, aimed at newcomers to research, which gives an outline of different research methods, the information they can obtain, and how they will

More information

Making Your Marketing Interactive

Making Your Marketing Interactive Making Your Marketing Interactive New Opportunities to Engage Customers with Live Chat Companies around the world are using live chat to boost online sales, reduce customer service costs and increase customer

More information

Wardens and enforcement officers in (semi-)public space - an international comparison -

Wardens and enforcement officers in (semi-)public space - an international comparison - Wardens and enforcement officers in (semi-)public space - an international comparison - Summary Jan Terpstra Bas van Stokkom Ruben Spreeuwers 2013 Radboud University Nijmegen Institute of Criminology Faculty

More information

The Dutch Health Insurance Sector and EU Competition Law

The Dutch Health Insurance Sector and EU Competition Law The Dutch Health Insurance Sector and EU Competition Law Henriette E. AKYUREK-KIEVITS Netherlands Comptetion Authority (Nma) Den Haag, The Netherlands Please do not quote or publish without the permission

More information

3 Hands-on Techniques for Managing Operational Change in HRIS Projects

3 Hands-on Techniques for Managing Operational Change in HRIS Projects 3 Hands-on Techniques for Managing Operational Change in HRIS Projects When IT or business managers talk about HRIS implementations, more often than not they soon get to the point that, whilst the implementation

More information

B.A. (Ord) in Applied Social Studies (Disability)

B.A. (Ord) in Applied Social Studies (Disability) B.A. (Ord) in Applied Social Studies (Disability) LEADING EXCELLENT PRACTICE IN SOCIAL CARE Follow us on: twitter.com/myotc Like us on: facebook.com/theopentrainingcollege ACCREDITED PROFESSIONAL TRAINING

More information

Teacher Resource Bank Unit 2 Exemplar Assignments

Teacher Resource Bank Unit 2 Exemplar Assignments Teacher Resource Bank Unit 2 Exemplar Assignments GCSE Media Studies Version 1.2 Contents Assignment 1 - Introduction to the Media Page 2-5 Assignment 2 - Cross-Media Study Page 6-11 Assignment 3 Practical

More information

LEADERSHIP COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK

LEADERSHIP COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK LEADERSHIP COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK 1 Introduction to the Leadership Competency Framework The Leadership Competency Framework focuses on three levels of management: Team Leaders/Supervisors responsible for

More information

CODE OF ETHICS AND CONDUCT

CODE OF ETHICS AND CONDUCT CODE OF ETHICS AND CONDUCT BSN medical S.r.l. Capital 10,000.00, fully paid-in Single-Member Company - Monza and Brianza Economic Administrative Repertoire 1801972 Monza and Brianza Register of Companies,

More information

Now available for hire

Now available for hire Now available for hire Following the success of the London display 3D: Printing the Future is now available to hire. The Science Museum is offering a Blueprint Pack so that you can be creative, innovative

More information

Change Management Handbook

Change Management Handbook Change Management Handbook - Handle change management projects more effectively INFORMATION Change Management Handbook Authors: Edition: Thomas Baekdal Kim L. Hansen - b.young A/S Lars Todbjerg - Merrild

More information

MA Degree Programme in LIVE ART AND PERFORMANCE STUDIES 120 credits (ECTS), Degree Requirements for 2015-2020

MA Degree Programme in LIVE ART AND PERFORMANCE STUDIES 120 credits (ECTS), Degree Requirements for 2015-2020 MA Degree Programme in LIVE ART AND PERFORMANCE STUDIES 120 credits (ECTS), Degree Requirements for 2015-2020 The MA Degree Programme in Live Art and Performance Studies (LAPS) is a meeting place for graduate

More information

THE CHALLENGES OF SMES IN MODERN MARKETING

THE CHALLENGES OF SMES IN MODERN MARKETING STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI, NEGOTIA, LIV, 4, 2009 THE CHALLENGES OF SMES IN MODERN MARKETING OANA PREDA 1, IULIA FURDUI 2 ABSTRACT. SME s are actually driving Romanian economy, especially after

More information

HR transformation in StatoilHydro

HR transformation in StatoilHydro THEME: Competence development HR transformation in StatoilHydro For the past three years, StatoilHydro has been systematically and rigorously determinedly working on developing a more business-oriented

More information

Discussion paper. Performance management

Discussion paper. Performance management Discussion paper Performance management History and foundations of performance management Since 1993 the CIPD has been regularly reviewing and publishing work on performance management. As one of the key

More information

THE APPEAL OF SAAS ERP

THE APPEAL OF SAAS ERP May 2015 THE APPEAL OF SAAS ERP Data Source In this report, Mint Jutras references data collected from its 2015 Enterprise Solution Study, which investigated goals, challenges and status and also benchmarked

More information

Curriculum for the Master s Programme at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Art, School of Architecture

Curriculum for the Master s Programme at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Art, School of Architecture The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts School of Adopted by the School Council on 18 June 2008 Amended on 24 September 2008 and 13 January 2011 September 2008 Unofficial translation File no. 001105 / File

More information

Role Profile. Job Title. Directorate or Region MENA Department/Country Palestinian Territories. Location of post Ramallah Pay Band J.

Role Profile. Job Title. Directorate or Region MENA Department/Country Palestinian Territories. Location of post Ramallah Pay Band J. Role Profile Job Description Job Title Customer Relations Officer Ref no: Directorate or Region MENA Department/Country Palestinian Territories Location of post Ramallah Pay Band J Reports to Customer

More information

The beginner s guide to acquiring customers

The beginner s guide to acquiring customers E-book The beginner s guide to acquiring customers You can control your stock. You can choose the design of your store. You can even hire your own staff. But one thing you can t do is make people buy.

More information

Outlook insights Hot Topics

Outlook insights Hot Topics Outlook insights Hot Topics Four forces reshaping the digital advertising landscape: mobile, video, native and programmatic www.pwc.com/outlook Four forces reshaping the digital advertising landscape:

More information

PROPOSED FINAL DRAFT. Revised under the Auspices of the ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on Interpretation and Presentation.

PROPOSED FINAL DRAFT. Revised under the Auspices of the ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on Interpretation and Presentation. The ICOMOS Charter for the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites PROPOSED FINAL DRAFT Revised under the Auspices of the ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on Interpretation

More information

CONTENTS FINE ART TUNING DOCUMENT

CONTENTS FINE ART TUNING DOCUMENT CONTENTS FINE ART TUNING DOCUMENT Tuning Fine Art Education 3.1 Introduction to the subject area 3.2 Degree profiles 3.3 Learning outcomes and competencies level descriptors 3.4 Consultation process with

More information

SOFTWARE PIRACY AND ITS IMPACT ON SOCIAL WELFARE 1

SOFTWARE PIRACY AND ITS IMPACT ON SOCIAL WELFARE 1 SOFTWARE PIRACY AND ITS IMPACT ON SOCIAL WELFARE 1 Toomas Hinnosaar Software piracy involves usage, copying, selling and distributing computer programmes without the permission of its producer. Software

More information

INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM ACADEMY UK 2016

INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM ACADEMY UK 2016 INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM ACADEMY UK 2016 Contents Welcome Programme Commercial Enterprise Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums Audience Engagement National Museums Liverpool Developing Digital Content Culture24

More information

University of Cambridge: Programme Specifications MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY (A) IN ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN IN ARCHITECTURE

University of Cambridge: Programme Specifications MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY (A) IN ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN IN ARCHITECTURE University of Cambridge: Programme Specifications Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this programme specification. Programme specifications are produced and then reviewed

More information

Interpret and make the most of. Belbin Team/Group Reports

Interpret and make the most of. Belbin Team/Group Reports How to Interpret and make the most of Belbin Team/Group Reports Belbin Team/Group reports can be used for a variety of reasons, including (but not restricted to): Helping to form a new team Understanding

More information

Delivering Work Experience (D36H): Differentiating between Access 3 and Intermediate 1

Delivering Work Experience (D36H): Differentiating between Access 3 and Intermediate 1 Delivering Work Experience (D36H): Differentiating between Access 3 and Intermediate 1 General Background Prior to the introduction of Higher Still, Local Authority provision, especially in the school

More information

Honours programme in Philosophy

Honours programme in Philosophy Honours programme in Philosophy Honours Programme in Philosophy The Honours Programme in Philosophy offers students a broad and in-depth introduction to the main areas of Western philosophy and the philosophy

More information

As part of the package, Accredited members are covered for the following: Goods in Physical and Legal Control

As part of the package, Accredited members are covered for the following: Goods in Physical and Legal Control Guildhouse s Accredited Membership includes a range of benefits for visual artists, craftspeople and designers, including an insurance package provided through Local Community Insurance Services. This

More information

Policy Paper on Non-Formal Education: A framework for indicating and assuring quality

Policy Paper on Non-Formal Education: A framework for indicating and assuring quality Policy Paper on Non-Formal Education: A framework for indicating and assuring quality Adopted by the Council of Members/ Extraordinary General Assembly 2-3 May 2008 (Castelldefels, Catalonia - Spain) 0.

More information

Sustainability & Transferability Plan

Sustainability & Transferability Plan QUALOBSTER SUSTAINABILITY & TRANSFERABILITY PLAN Qualobster Quality Assurance in Learning Organisation in the Banking and Financial Sector in Europe LU/07/LLP-LdV/TOI/156005 Sustainability & Transferability

More information

PROVOKE ENGAGE ANIMATE. Our strategy 2013 to 2015. Museum of Vancouver 1

PROVOKE ENGAGE ANIMATE. Our strategy 2013 to 2015. Museum of Vancouver 1 PROVOKE ENGAGE ANIMATE Our strategy 2013 to 2015 Museum of Vancouver 1 Photo: 2011 Exhibition Bhangra.me Photo credit: Maurice Li. our Vision To hold a mirror up to the City and lead provocative conversations

More information

Regulations and Procedures Governing the Award of the Degrees of: Doctor of Philosophy by Published Work

Regulations and Procedures Governing the Award of the Degrees of: Doctor of Philosophy by Published Work Regulations and Procedures Governing the Award of the Degrees of: Doctor of Philosophy by Published Work and Doctor of Philosophy by Practice Approved by the Board of Studies for Research Degrees, October

More information

10 reasons why you need social science

10 reasons why you need social science 10 reasons why you need social science We know that Britain s social scientists are world leaders in their fields, but why do we need them? And if they weren t around to analyse what s going on, would

More information

Computers For Youth Atlanta. 2015 TAG WebChallenge. North Gwinnett High School // Adviser: Nic Carroll. Charlie Agrinsoni

Computers For Youth Atlanta. 2015 TAG WebChallenge. North Gwinnett High School // Adviser: Nic Carroll. Charlie Agrinsoni Computers For Youth Atlanta 2015 TAG WebChallenge North Gwinnett High School // Adviser: Nic Carroll Charlie Agrinsoni Desirae Diaz Jeremy Ornelas Shannen Patel 1 Executive summary Computers For Youth

More information

Project Manager with responsibility for Communications

Project Manager with responsibility for Communications Job Description Project Manager with responsibility for Communications 42 hours per week (flexible) Statuary holidays 25 28k Closing date: 20 th April First interviews: 5th May Second interviews: 12 th

More information

From Stored Knowledge to Smart Knowledge

From Stored Knowledge to Smart Knowledge From Stored Knowledge to Smart Knowledge The British Library s Content Strategy 2013 2015 From Stored Knowledge to Smart Knowledge: The British Library s Content Strategy 2013 2015 Introduction The British

More information

Center for Effective Organizations

Center for Effective Organizations Center for Effective Organizations Sustainable Effectiveness and Organization Development: Beyond the Triple Bottom Line CEO Publication G14-06 (640) Edward E. Lawler III Director Center for Effective

More information

BUSINESS PLAN ART ONLINE GALLERY JOOYEON KIM

BUSINESS PLAN ART ONLINE GALLERY JOOYEON KIM BUSINESS PLAN ART ONLINE GALLERY JK JOOYEON KIM Business Information Business Plan: art online gallery OWNER: Jooyeon Kim Business Name: JeiKei Address: Halandri City: Athens Zip code:15231 Telephone:201234567

More information

BACHELOR S DEGREE IN FINE ART PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION Adopted by the Board of KHiB on 27 October 2011

BACHELOR S DEGREE IN FINE ART PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION Adopted by the Board of KHiB on 27 October 2011 BACHELOR S DEGREE IN FINE ART PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION Adopted by the Board of KHiB on 27 October 2011 1. THE PROFILE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY PROGRAMME The Bachelor s programme in Fine Art is a study

More information

DEVELOPING STRATEGIES AND TACTICS

DEVELOPING STRATEGIES AND TACTICS Chapter Four DEVELOPING STRATEGIES AND TACTICS The principal advantage of our model over more traditional approaches is that it can help organizations develop more targeted and therefore more effective

More information