Directory of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs in Canada

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1 Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment Directory of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs in Canada Canada-wide Standards for Particulate Matter and Ozone May, 2004 Disclaimer This report contains information which has been prepared for, but not approved by, the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME). CCME is committed to reflect the highest standards of research and analysis in its publications. Since CCME itself does not conduct research or author reports, it is not responsible for the accuracy of the data contained in this report and does not warrant, or necessarily share or affirm, in any way, any opinions expressed therein. 1 of 14

2 Directory of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs in Canada An online searchable database Prepared for the Joint Action Implementation Coordinating Committee May 2004 Introduction Although it varies from region to region, much of Canada s electricity and transportation energy comes from burning fossil fuels. Unfortunately, the combustion of these fuels also releases air pollutants. One way to reduce or displace demand from these polluting sources and ultimately reduce their resulting emissions is to integrate alternative energy into Canada s energy mix. Alternative energy is usually associated with renewable sources such as solar, wind, hydroelectricity, earth and biomass and often have the co-benefit of producing electricity or thermal energy without depleting valuable natural resources. Examples less commonly associated with alternative energy (but equally as important) include new transportation fuels (eg. ethanol), new applications of conventional energy sources (eg. propane and natural gas as automotive fuels, batteries in electric vehicles), fuel cells, and any number of cogeneration technologies. (A list of key alternative sources is included under Appendix A). However, while Canada is internationally renowned for it s renewable and alternative energy technologies (Appendix B), it is obvious from Figure 1 that, with the exception of hydroelectricity, renewable energy sources have made little headway in penetrating our electricity mix. We don t fair much better in terms of transportation, where fuels other than gas and diesel comprise only slightly more than 12% of the total fuel mix and less than 1% for passenger vehicles. In an attempt to further promote the use of alternative energy sources and as part of its mandate to share information, the Joint Action Implementation Coordinating Committee (JAICC) has been tasked with developing a compendium of alternative energy programs and guidance material to aid jurisdictions wanting to establish their own programs. The purpose of this report then is to introduce the database and walk the potential user through it s use. Figure 1: Installed Electric Power Capacity by Type, as % of Total (2002) Emerging Renewables 2.0% Conventional Steam 22.6% Internal Combustion 0.6% Combustion Turbine 5.6% Nuclear 8.4% Hydro 60.8% 2 of 14

3 Background In June 2000, the federal, provincial and territorial governments (except Quebec) signed the Canada-wide Standards for Particulate Matter (PM) and Ozone. These standards commit government to significantly reduce PM and ground-level ozone by The Canada-wide Standards for PM and Ozone are an important step towards the long-term goal of minimizing the risks of these pollutants to human health and the environment. They represent a balance between achieving the best health and environmental protection possible and the feasibility and costs of reducing the pollutant emissions that contribute to PM and ground-level ozone in ambient air. A federal/provincial/territorial Joint Action Implementation Coordinating Committee (JAICC) for Canada-Wide Standards (CWS) for Particulate Matter and Ozone formally began its work in 2000 once ministers had signed the Standards for PM and Ozone. The JAICC also serves as a forum where jurisdictions can share information on their jurisdictional implementation plans and become informed of how the overall Canadian picture is evolving with respect to meeting the CWS by The JAICC is tasked with coordinating the implementation of a number of joint initial actions (JIA) ranging from providing air quality information to governments, industry and the public to developing national multi-pollutant emission reduction strategies for specific sectors of the economy. Included amongst these is Joint Implementation Action (JIA) #6 that looks to provide jurisdictions with guidance material on establishing alternative energy programs in their respective areas. Serving that purpose is the Directory of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs in Canada. Directory of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs in Canada Produced by Natural Resources Canada s Office of Energy Efficiency, the Directory of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs in Canada is an inventory of programs to promote the efficient use or conservation of energy at the end-use level and/or the use of alternative energy in Canada. It covers programs offered by the Government of Canada, provincial and territorial governments, major Canadian municipalities, major electric and gas utilities and companies. The Directory was first published in 1991 and has been updated annually since then. The Directory made a transition from print publication to on-line searchable database in 2001 and now allows the public to extract information by jurisdiction, sector, and type of project. Program information that is included in the Directory includes: A brief description of the program s objectives and type. Sectors and sub-sectors targeted by the program. The program s delivery tools. The name, address and website of the organization responsible for the program. Contact information. 3 of 14

4 How to use the Directory The Directory is available only on-line and can be accessed through the website at Upon accessing the site, the user will find the following page: Programs Directory This Directory of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs in Canada provides information on the efficiency and alternative energy programs of the Canadian government, provincial and territorial governments, major electric and gas utilities and companies and major municipalities in Canada. Accessibility: While every reasonable effort has been made to ensure the accessibility of this site, some content or services might be inaccessible to some visitors. In those circumstances, please contact us at for assistance. The following database service requires JavaScript. You may select one or many of the following options to conduct your search. Select a jurisdiction(government): Select a sector and sub-sector: Select type(s) from the list below. Awareness/Information Training/Technical Assistance Standards (Voluntary or Regulated) Financial Incentive or Tax Measure Research and Development Energy Management and Monitoring Capital Funds to Reduce Operating Cost Retrofit Growth Management Other 4 of 14

5 The user would then move through the following steps: Step 1: Step 2 : Step 3 : Step 4: At the Programs Directory page, select a jurisdiction or jurisdictions in which you would like to view available alternative energy programs: Canada Provincial and territorial Municipal (a) Select a sector and sub-sector: Agriculture Commercial/institutional Industrial Residential Transportation (b) Select the type of program: Awareness/information Training/technical assistance Standards (voluntary or regulated) Financial incentive or tax measure Research and development Energy management and monitoring Capital funds to reduce operating costs Retrofit Growth management Other Click on the Search button at the bottom of the page. A new page will open and list all the programs that fall under the selected options. Click on the name(s) of the program(s) of interest to get additional information. If, for example, the user were to have wanted to search for federal programs (Canada), related to the Residential Sector in the area of Awareness and Information, the database would yield: 5 of 14

6 Further, clicking on a specific program such as Healthy Housing will bring up: 6 of 14

7 Contact Information For additional information on the Directory, for promotional material, or to add your activity to the Directory, please contact: Bing He Office of Energy Efficiency Natural Resources Canada 580 Booth Street, 15th Floor, Room. D6 Ottawa, ON K1A 0E4 Telephone: (613) Fax : (613) of 14

8 Appendix A List of Key Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources Bioenergy Topics Bioenergy technologies use renewable biomass resources to produce an array of energy related products including electricity, liquid, solid, and gaseous fuels, heat, chemicals, and other materials. Technologies Biomass Resources Biopower Biofuels Biobased Chemicals and Materials Integrated Bioenergy Systems and Assessments Geothermal Topics Geothermal energy technologies use the heat of the earth for direct-use applications, geothermal heat pumps, and electrical power production. Research in all areas of geothermal development is helping to lower costs and expand its use. Technologies Exploration Drilling Direct Use Geothermal Heat Pumps Electricity Production Advanced Technologies Issues Environment Resources Hydrogen Topics Hydrogen is the third most abundant element on the earth's surface, where it is found primarily in water (H²O) and organic compounds. It is generally produced from hydrocarbons or water; and when burned as a fuel, or converted to electricity, it joins with oxygen to again form water. Technologies Production Transport and Storage Fuel Cells Issues Safety The Hydrogen Economy 8 of 14

9 Hydropower Researchers are working on advanced turbine technologies that will not only help maximize the use of hydropower but also minimize adverse environmental effects. Ocean Types of Hydropower Sizes of Hydropower Plants Turbine Technologies Issues Environmental Issues and Mitigation Legal and Institutional Issues Ocean energy draws on the energy of ocean waves, tides, or on the thermal energy (heat) stored in the ocean. Technologies Wave Energy Tidal Energy Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Systems Solar Energy Solar technologies use the sun's energy and light to provide heat, light, hot water, electricity, and even cooling, for homes, businesses, and industry. Technologies Photovoltaics (PV) Passive Solar Heating, Cooling and Daylighting Concentrating Solar Power Solar Hot Water and Space Heating and Cooling Issues Solar Resources Solar Access Green Power Wind Energy Wind energy uses the energy in the wind for practical purposes like generating electricity, charging batteries, pumping water, or grinding grain. Large, modern wind turbines operate together in wind farms to produce electricity for utilities. Small turbines are used by homeowners and remote villages to help meet energy needs. Technologies Wind Turbine Use Research Wind Resource Environment Economics 9 of 14

10 Appendix B SELECTED ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES Government of Canada Bioenergy Development Program (NRCan) provides financial incentives for R&D in the areas of: biomass handling, combustion, biochemical conversion, and thermochemical conversion. The Renewable Energy Deployment Initiative (REDI): REDI focuses on promoting renewable energy systems for space and water heating and cooling, such as: active solar hot water systems, active solar air heating systems, high efficiency biomass combustion systems. Renewable Energy Technologies (RET) R&D Program: The objective of the Small Hydro Technology Development Program is to promote the development of appropriate technology to make it more economical to develop a greater range of small-scale and low-head hydroelectric resources. CANMET Energy Technology Centre Varennes: Stimulates the adoption of renewable energy technologies so they become a preferred option in terms of reliability, affordability and environmental friendliness. The program has a threefold mandate: (1) Support development and use of photovoltaic technology in Canada (2) Facilitate renewable energy capacity building and deployment (3) Reduce Canadian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions Wind Power Production Incentive (WPPI) is intended to encourage electric utilities, independent power producers and other stakeholders to gain experience in this emerging and promising energy source. WPPI will provide financial support for the installation of 1,000 megawatts of new capacity over the next five years. The incentive will cover approximately half of the current cost of the premium for wind energy in Canada compared to conventional sources. Renewable Energy and Hybrid Systems for Remote Communities Program supports the development and deployment of renewable energy technologies in remote communities, such as those in the North, that rely on high-cost and high-emissions fuel oil for electricity generation and space and water heating. The program will develop and implement photovoltaic technologies. Renewable Energy Technologies Program supports Canadian industry efforts to develop renewable energy technologies, including active solar, wind energy, small hydro (less than 20 megawatts) and bioenergy. Activities also include technology development and laboratory services for bioenergy technologies and the transfer of renewable energy technologies abroad. The Sustainable Development Technology Fund was announced in Budget 2000 and will, once it is established, stimulate the development and demonstration of sustainable development technologies, in particular, those related to climate change and air-quality solutions. Program of Energy Research and Development PERD supports energy R&D to ensure a sustainable energy future for Canada in the best interests of both our economy and our environment. Through strategically targeted funding, PERD promotes the 10 of 14

11 development and use of Canada's energy resources in a clean and safe manner, and the development of energy-efficient, renewable and alternative energy sources and technologies Other investments of the Government of Canada in Alternative Energy: - Fuel-Cell-Powered Mining Vehicles - Vehicle Fuels - Transportation Energy Technologies Program - ENFOR (ENergy from the FORest) - Green Power Initiative - Photovoltaic and Hybrid Systems Program - Renewable Energy Capacity-Building Program - Renewable Energy Information and Awareness Program - Renewable Energy Market Assessment Initiative - Renewable Energy Technologies Program Education and outreach material on: - BioEnergy: Biomass combustion, consumer educations, manufacturer education, small commercial biomass combustion - Landfill Gas: Biogas, commercial application, etc. - Earth Energy systems: heat pumps, heating, etc. - Solar Energy: Heating Air, Water and conversion into electricity - Wind Energy: Residential and commercial applications Alberta Alberta Energy Research Institute supports, among others, research in the following areas through funding programs: o Fuel Cells o Hydrogen o Bio-energy Clean Air Strategic Alliance (CASA) includes information on alternative sources of energy in their discussions. For example, a presentation on Renewable and Green Power Initiatives and Programs in Canada and the U.S. which would include barriers to implementation in Alberta. Federation of Canadian Municipalities The FCM encourages the development of alternative energy through the Green Municipal Funds and also promotes information-sharing, for example, through success stories of municipal integration of new energy sources promoted through their Sustainable Communities initiative. 11 of 14

12 Toronto, Ontario Fuel Cell Demonstration Project at Exhibition Place is intended to demonstrate the potential of zero emissions fuel cell technology for applications to City facilities and transportation. Partnership Development: The EEO provides technical, policy and administrative expertise towards the City s goals of using a 25% green energy supply. Some project examples include a solar residential domestic hot water initiative with Toronto Hydro, biogas green energy recovery with the Works & Emergency Services Department and the Fuel Cell Demonstration Project at Exhibition Place. Green Energy Procurement: For the sustainable energy infrastructure framework development, the EEO provides project reviews and assessments of green energy and electricity projects. This is in support of a green energy procurement policy, which the office is helping develop with several departments, particularly Corporate Services and the Chief Administrator s Office. The Greater Toronto Area Clean Air Council encourages actions to help urban smog and air pollution within the Toronto Area. Its activities include the promotion of green power for municipal purchase (for example, the Green Power Opportunities for the GTA-CAC report), and also public education and outreach in this area. Kingston, Ontario Initiated and supported by the Kingston Economic Development Corporation (KEDCO), SWITCH is a recognized, organized and active cluster of alternative and renewable energy businesses, research institutions, community minded volunteers and public sector participants working together with a mission to position Kingston as a leading centre for alternative energy. Greater Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia The GVRD is researching and evaluating some of the most promising renewable energy sources available today including: - Wind - several regional park facilities are being looked at to see if wind power generation is viable. Across Canada, wind power generation facilities that would create more than 1,700 megawatts (MW) of power have been proposed for 2003/ Solar: The GVRD currently uses some photovoltaic lighting in its regional parks and is studying its use for other places. Solar hot water heating and solar power generation are also being studied to see if they are viable. - Wave and tidal: Although wave-source electrical generation isn't practical in the region, tidal power does show promise. The GVRD is working closely with local interest groups to further investigate the feasibility of this option. - Biogas: Recovery and use of biogas is being put in place at GVRD waste water treatment facilities and landfill sites. 12 of 14

13 - Fuel cells: Fuel cells hold great promise as power sources for both buildings and motor vehicles. The GVRD is conducting research on their application with the intention of using and demonstrating the technology in the region. - Geoexchange systems: Geoexchange refers to the process of heating or cooling buildings as well as heating systems using an efficient, renewable alternative to conventional systems and energy sources. This type of heat exchange system collects and transfers heat to a building or home through a series of fluid-filled underground pipes that absorb heat from the earth's core. Other activities supporting/related to Alternative Energy and Renewable Energy Canadian Association for Renewable Energies A non-profit association, incorporated in 1998 to promote feasible applications of renewable energies. Canadian Renewable Energies Directory The 2003 Canadian Renewable Energies Directory is a comprehensive directory of renewable energy suppliers in Canada. Canadian Renewable Fuels Association (CRFA) is a non-profit organization mandated to promote renewable bio-fuels (ethanol, biodiesel) for automotive transportation through consumer awareness and government liaison activities. Canadian Solar Industries Association Represents companies involved in solar water heating, solar air heating and solar electricity generation in Canada. Its members comply with a Code of Ethics to ensure proper design and installation of solar systems. Canadian Wind Energy Association Represents the interests of the growing wind energy industry across Canada. CanWEA publishes a newsletter and national wind energy industry directory and runs annual conferences and trade shows. Earth Energy Society of Canada Represents companies involved in the design and installation of ground-coupled heat pump (often referred to as geothermal systems). Kortright Centre for Conservation The Kortright Centre for Conservation north of Toronto provides information and education to the public on small renewable energy systems, including small wind/solar/water energy generation systems for homes and cottages. Retail Sales Tax Rebate for Solar Energy Systems From the Ontario Ministry of Finance - explains how you can receive a rebate of Retail Sales Tax (RST) paid on the purchase of a new solar energy system installed into a residential premises, or on any expansions or upgrades to an existing solar energy system. 13 of 14

14 Solar Energy Society of Canada Inc. Promotes the use of solar and other renewable energies in Canada through education, technical development and public policy. Re-Energy.ca A renewable energy education project of the Pembina Institute and co-supported by partners including the Government of Canada. Re-Energy.ca provides educators with background information, exciting hands-on learning activities, resources and links on renewable energy and sustainable energy technologies. Pollution Probe Promotes outreach and education for Alternative Energy, for example, the Primer on the Technologies of Renewable Energy released in October Altnernative.Energy ( A site with information about various types of alternative energy, references on alternative energy and other similar resources. 14 of 14

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