1 Sponsored by: Reducing the impact of EV charging on the Reducing the impact of EV charging on the electric grid DATA SIM Summer School (Hasselt)
2 Who am I? Jesús Fraile-Ardanuy Associate Professor at Technical University of Madrid Main research lines: Renewable energies Control system applications Integration of EVs on the grid
3 Who is my audience?
4 Outline Fundamentals of electric grid Fundamentals of electric vehicles Electricity markets and EVs Analyzing and reducing the impact of EV charging on the electric grid (DATASIM results) Summary
5 Why electricity is held in low esteem? Because it is always there. Because it is cheap. Because we always ignore it unless The lights go out!
6 Blackouts! Location Million people affected Date India Jul 2012 Indonesia Ago 05 Brazil Mar 99 Brazil, Paraguay Nov 2009 USA, Canada Ago 2003 Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia Sep 03 USA, Canada Nov 65
7 India Blackout 670 million people were without electricity. Roughly equivalent to the entire population of Europe.
8 Electric grid fundamentals 1 st part
9 Understanding power systems Generation Thermal power plant Transmission and distribution network Consumers Residential Customers (Low Voltage) Hydro power plant System Operator (SO) control center Distribution substation Transmission NETWORK Wind Energy Source: REE.es Transmission Substation Energy flows in one direction, from generation to consumer Industrial Customers (Medium or High Voltage)
10 Understanding electric generation
11 Understanding electric generation
12 Understanding electric generation
13 Understanding electric generator Electric Power Mechanical Power
14 Transmission stations Electric Generation (10-20 kv) Step up transformer Transmission substations Source: REE.es
15 Transmission substations Step down transformers Source: REE.es
16 Transmission substations Transfomers are essential in making largescale power transfer feasible over long distances.
18 No storage capacity in the grid Grid operators need to balance power supply and demand at all times Source: REE.es
19 Generation - demand Generation is continuously adapting to cover the variable demand. Source:
20 Generation - demand Different types of power plants are running during the day, covering the electric demand. Gas, diesel and hydro Thermal and hydro Nuclear and coal Renewable energies Source: /rp/rp0809/09rp09
21 Covering demand with renewable energy In order to promote renewable energies, the demand is first met from renewable sources. Source:
22 Problems with intermittent renewable energy Sometimes, disconnection of renewable energies are needed during low demand periods. Source: REE.es If Generation>Demand Wind generators are disconnected Renewable energy is lost (spilled wind energy) in this case, because it is not possible to store large amount of electrical energy during low demand periods
23 Balancing solutions New network interconnections Energy management: Demand response Energy storage Electric vehicles
24 Balancing solutions-new transmission lines New electricity highways (transmission network) A fully interconnected EU electricity market Developing the huge renewables potential North Europe: off-shore wind farms, tidal farms South Europe and Africa: PV and thermosolar plants
25 Balancing solutions-dsm Energy management (demand side management) Process of managing energy consumption to optimise available and planned resources for power generation. DSM incorporates all activities that influence customer use of electricity and results in the reduction of the electricity demand, which are mutually beneficial to the customers and the utility
26 Balancing solutions-dsm Energy management (DSM main techniques) Direct DSM: Load limiters Direct load control Indirect DSM: Time of use price DSO
27 Balancing solutions-dsm Peak Shaving. Reduction of customer loads during peak demand periods. This can delay the need for additional generation capacity. Peak clipping can be achieved by direct control of customers appliances. Conservation. Reduction in consumption by consumers. There is net reduction in both demand and total energy consumption. Strategic conservation can be implemented by motivating customers to use more energy-efficient appliances. Load Shifting. Shifting loads from on-peak to off-peak periods. The net effect is a decrease in peak demand, but not change in total energy consumption.
28 Balancing solutions-storage Recovering storaged energy during the peaks, avoids the connection of the most expensive power plants!
29 Balancing solutions-storage De Germany: Lead Market for Energy Storage & Fuel Cell Systems. Germany Trade and Invest
30 Balancing solutions Pumped hydro: At the times when enough power is available, water is pumped to and upper reservoir. When the electric energy is expensive, the water is fall down driving the generator, producing energy.
31 Balancing solutions. Storage CAES: At times when enough power is available, compressed air is injected into caverns. The pressure in such a storage facility can reach 100 bars. When the air escapes, it drives a generator via a turbine to produce electricity.
32 Balancing solutions - Storage Flywheels: A flywheel is a rotating mechanical device that is used to store rotational energy. Flywheels have a significant moment of inertia. The amount of energy stored in a flywheel is proportional to the square of its rotational speed.
33 Balancing solutions-batteries Different types of electrochemical batteries Redox Batteries Solar Panels
36 A system model change is needed Actual electrical grid Demand is not flexible Generation is adapted continuously No storage Future electrical grid Demand will be flexible Generation won t be managed due to its intermittence Key elements 1. STORAGE at different levels 2. Active Demand Management (ADM) 3. Communication infrastructure Source: IEA.org
37 What is a smart grid? The Smart Grid is a bi-directional electric and communication network that improves the reliability, security, and efficiency of the electric system for small to large-scale generation, transmission, distribution, and storage. First Annual Review Meeting, Brussels
38 Electric vehicle fundamentals 2 nd part
39 Electric vehicles First IDEA
40 Electric vehicles EV were clean and easier to use (compared to ICE one) Lower maintenance and available infrastructure (no fuel station was available) Motors had high power-to-weight ratio. Main drawback: Limited range. Source:
41 Hybrid Electric Vehicles
42 Hybrid electric vehicles 1900 Porsche hybrid HEV can deliver energy for long time Retain the ease-of-use advantages of EV Source:
43 Why did gasoline cars win? Ford made cars affordable (model T) Gasoline was a waste product of oil refining ICE cars were improving continuosly while the EV technology were not (overtake in 1920s). Source: ICE cars evolution through the decades
44 Revival Energy crisis 1970s-1980s Advance in power electronics (80s-90s) Advance in battery technology (NiMH and Liion battery). California Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandate Requires 2%of the state's vehicles to have no emissions by 1998 and 10% by Source:
45 Who kill the EV? Who Killed the Electric Car? is a 2006 documentary film that explores the creation, limited commercialization, and subsequent destruction of the General Motors EV1
46 Nowadays Environmental problems EU targets: Reduction EU greenhouse gas emission by 20% below 1990 levels 20% of renewable energy sources 20% reduction of primary energy Oil supply problems Demand increased (China and India) Lack of cheap oil
47 EVs solution Energy efficiency Cleaner vehicles Emission can be avoided of moved to a power plant where large-scale control is possible Quieter vehicles (important to reduce stress in the cities!) Can help the electric grid! Source:
48 EVs classification Hybrid Electric Vehicles ICE+Electric motor-generator Small battery, gets recharged from regenerative breaking; very limited all-electric range (2-3 km) No plug Different drivetrain configurations Series: ICE turns generator which charges battery which runs electric motor Parallel: ICE and electric motor both run the car simultaneously Mix
49 EV classification HEV Power Electronics Battery Fuel Tank
50 EVs classification Plug in hybrid Electric Vehicles ICE+Electric motor-generator Larger battery; gets charged by plugging Limited all-electric range (25 km)
51 EVs classification E-REV: Extended Range Electric Vehicle A PHEV with a bigger battery for driving ranges of km using only the battery (all-electric driving); after which the gas engine starts
52 EVs classification BEV: Battery Electric Vehicles Pure electric vehicles; only has an electric drivetrain Range: Leaf (170 km), Tesla (>300 km), i-miev (150 km) When your out of battery, you don t have any option. You need to recharge it!
53 EVs classification Electric Motor+Battery ICE motor HEV PHEV E-REV BEV
54 Battery configuration
55 Understanding the recharge process Times for recharging and power levels: Source:
56 Understanding the recharge process Recharge modes: Mode 1. Household socket and extension cord Mode 2. Domestic socket and cable with a protection device Mode 3. Specific socket on a dedicated circuit Mode 4. Direct current (DC) connection for fast recharging Source:
57 Understanding the recharge process Charging sockets: Source:
58 What is an EV.. When driving? It must perform as a motor vehicle It must meet all safety standards It must meet driver expectations for mobility and performance Source: The Grid-Integrated EV by Willet Kempton
59 What is an EV.. When Plugged in? A load A smart load A distributed storage resource
60 EVs and their interaction with the power system EV is a new energy consumer, increasing the total electricity consumption and, more important, the peak demand. No controlled charging Effects: Need to connect peak power plants Higher electricity prices Grid constraints
61 EVs and their interaction with the power system EVs can be also a smart load, defferring in a voluntary way their need for electricity. Its consumption can be controlled to charge when the marginal cost of production is lowest.
62 EVs and their interaction with the power system (Vehicle 2 grid) Ancillary Services In longer term, EVs can be used as distributed storage devices, feeding back the electricity stored in their batteries. This can help to reduce electricity system costs, providing: Regulation services. Spinning reserves. Peak-shaving capacity. There are still several technical, practical and economic barriers.
63 V2G Special bidirectional chargers are needed to charge the battery and also deliver power from vehicle to grid
64 Some numbers to understand V2G Assuming: US cars are used 1 hour/day and parked 23 h/day. Battery 24 kwh. Daily travel: 30 km Real consumption (Nissan Leaf): 6.43 km/kwh Storage unused: 19 kwh Power connection: US kw Europe kw Sources: https://www.tispol.org/guides/belgium.pdf, SF EN.PDF, and
65 How much power are in cars? Denmark UK USA Light Vehicles (10 6 ) Vehicle GW kw each) ,865 Avg. Electric Load (GW) Total Generation capacity USA: 1000 GW Total Generation capacity vehicles: 3,000 GW 6x average load!
66 EVs aggregators The impact of a single EV on the power grid is negligible An aggregator need to emerge, where many EVs are pooled as a one unit. EV Aggregator System Operator
67 Electricity markets 3 rd part 23/10/2012
68 Electricity markets Electricity can be treated as a commodity that can be separated from transmission as a service and it can be bought, sold and traded in a special market, named electricity market. Producers submit supply bids and traders and larger consumers submit hourly demand bids for the 24 hours of the following day during the trading session. The financial market operator combines the production and consumption bids for each hour and finds the marginal price and volume.
69 Electricity market-day ahead gen 3 gen 1 gen 2 Price /MWh Demand BIDS Supply BIDS Ret 3 Ret 1 Ret 2 Final Price EV 1 EV 2 MWh EV 1 EV 2 EV 3 EV Aggregator EV 3 EV Aggregator
70 Vehicle as other generation plant Source: 100 EVs = 1 MW VIRTUAL POWER PLANT concept EV Aggregator
71 EV Aggregators Load aggregators are not a new actor in the electricity market. They buy electrical energy in the market representing several customers. EV aggregators are more advanced: They can offer more services. They can offer more technical flexibility. The need to collect a large amount of information about drivers behaviour and electricity prices.
72 Electricity Market-Ancillary services Ancillary services are used to avoid short-term imbalances in electricty markets by dispatching resources within seconds or minutes. Different services: Spinning reserve: Extra online generation Meet system failures (loss of a transmission line, generator) 20 times a year, 10 min- 1 hour duration Regulation: Online generation to ensure steady system frequency 400 times a day, few minutes duration Source: Vehicle-to-Grid: Integrating Electric Drive Vehicles with the Power Grid
73 Electricity Market-Ancillary Services In both markets (spinning reserves and regulation reserve) the EV aggregator could present bids for having available: Capacity ( /MW) Additional payments for energy sold to the network ( /MWh)
74 Regulation Ancillary service Regulation is the continuous matching of supply with demand. Generation>Demand, system frequency Generation<Demand, system frequency Power plants provide regulation today, but they have slow response. Grid operator controls in real time the output of the power plant Source: Vehicle-to-Grid: Integrating Electric Drive Vehicles with the Power Grid
75 Regulation Ancillary service EVs could regulate the frequency error by sourcing or sinking power according to grid operator real time commands 50,000 to 100,000 connected EVs could perform all of California s regulation - with faster response than power plants Battery state of charge would be maintained above a driver-selected minimum level Regulation doesn t require net energy - just energy back and forth at the right time Source: Vehicle-to-Grid: Integrating Electric Drive Vehicles with the Power Grid
76 Regulation Ancillary Service Frequency Variation Error signal
77 Regulation Ancillary Services using EVs slow charge and regulation Drive Drive charge and regulation regulation regulation regulation
78 V2G help to reduce costs With V2G applications, generates two value streams: Transportation Drivers pays for use of battery for driving. Grid support Utilities pay for ancillary services Generators pay for buffering PV and wind Load pay for peak shaving
79 V2G Key aspects Aggregation Thousands of cars One entity to the grid (aggregator) Comunication and control Grig to aggregator to car Car to aggregator and car to driver Forecast Arrival/departure times, connection duration, trip duration, electricity prices
80 V2G Real applications Prof. Willett Kempton s pioneering work in V2G makes UDel the nexus of the Grid on Wheels Project - a business/academic collaboration Source: Electric Vehicles: Assets on the Grid
81 V2G Real Applications Grid on Wheels participate in PJM s hourahead reg-up and regdown markets. PJM: 164,000 MW peak 60 mil population 214,000 sq mi
82 V2G Real Applications University of Delaware (Prof. W. Kempton) EV Grid supply 15 MINI EV modifed for V2G and J1772, to operate in fleet service and provide grid regulation as part of Grid on Wheels.
83 Information needed by the EV aggregator PERSONAL INFO ID Minimum SoC when the car is disconnected OTHER INFO Total capacity of the battery Connection power Other restriction for the battery (maximum charging rate) Electricity prices EV Aggregator TEMPORAL INFO Departure time instant Arrival time instant SPATIAL INFO Traveled distance Connection location Transmission node location
84 Why mobility information is important for EV and SG? In order to present bids for buying and selling energy (and earn money!), EV aggegator must reduce the uncertainty in: Electricity market prices EV owner s behaviour and preferences The aggregator must associate the bid to a transmission network node, therefore it must produce this forecasts by each network node
Vehicle to Grid Power Workshop at IEEE Conference Plug-In Hybrids: Accelerating Progress Washington, DC, September 19, 2007 Willett Kempton College of Marine and Earth Studies University of Delaware Four
Offices and schools Utilities / Renewable energy Storage Battery System Using Lithium ion Batteries Worldwide Expansion of Storage Battery System s Commercial Buildings Residential The Smart Energy System
Emerging Hybrid and Electric Vehicles and Their Impact on Energy and Emissions P. T. Krein Director, Grainger Center for Electric Machinery and Electromechanics Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
ELECTRIC VEHICLES WITH V2G Willett Kempton University of Delaware and Mid-Atlantic Grid Interactive Cars Consortium Presented at DE Economic Development Workgroup 30 July 2008 OLD SCHOOL EVS NiMH or (gasp!)
Ubiquitous Computing in Business Processes Part V Prof. Dr. Lutz Heuser AGT Germany Prof. Dr. Zoltán Nochta SAP AG Darmstadt January 16, 2015 Outline 1. Smart Grids and Energy Management Overview Common
Electric Vehicles: Driving EVolution November 2014 Executive Summary Electric Vehicles (EVs) have the potential to provide a significant benefit to consumers and utilities, however as demonstrated in Ergon
i Vehicle-to-Grid Power: Battery, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles as Resources for Distributed Electric Power in California by Willett Kempton (Principal Investigator) and Jasna Tomić, University of Delaware
What Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles Can Do for the Grid? Michael Kintner-Meyer Global Clean Energy Project Stanford University, November 2, 2007 PNNL-SA-57830 Contact: email: Michael.Kintner-Meyer@pnl.gov
OPA Meeting 21 September 2005, 9:00 10:00 am p, Civil il Engineering i Department, t University it of Toronto STABILITY OF PRICE AND POWER PRODUCTION OF CLEANER ELECTRICITY IN ONTARIO Optimisation Best
Energy Systems Integration Dr. Martha Symko-Davies Director of Partnerships, ESI March 2015 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy,
Grid of the Future Integration of Renewables Energy Storage Smart Grid Presentation by David Hawkins Lead Renewables Power Engineer Grid Operations Grid of the Future Current Power System Gen. Trans. Dist.Cust.
Perspectives for ESS in Germany and Europe legal situation and applications StoREgio energy storage system association Dr. Peter Eckerle Managing Director firstname.lastname@example.org Topics Who is StoREgio?
Sodium Sulfur Battery ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM for Reducing CO2 Emissions Sodium Sulfur Battery For the Future of Our Planet NGK s NAS system is now generating momentum for saving energy and renewable energy
IEA Storage Workshop February 2013 Grid Connected Energy Storage for Residential, Commercial & Industrial Use - An Australian Perspective Tony Vassallo Faculty of Engineering & Information Technologies
David Katz AEE SOLAR FOUNDER AND CTO TYPES OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES Hybrid Electric Vehicles HEV s HEV s have been on the market for over 10 years. They have a battery powered electric motor coupled with a
& Environment Market Trends, Technologies, New Fuels, Future Business Models and Growth Opportunities September 2014 OUR COVERAGE & VISION: IDENTIFYING OPPORTUNITIES FROM UPSTREAM TO POINT OF USE Oil &
ELECTRICITY STORAGE Increasing the proportion of UK electricity supply from renewable energy sources is a critical part of achieving a sustainable energy framework for the nation. To date, relatively small
User Guide for India s 2047 Energy Calculator Electrical Energy Storage (EES) 1 Table of Contents I. Overview of the Sector... 3 I.a Technology Overview... 5 Mechanical... 5 Chemical... 6 Electrical...
RENEWABLE ENERGY IN AUSTRALIA Increasing electricity generation from renewable energy sources is one of the main strategies to reduce greenhouse emissions from the power sector. Australia has historically
The Future of Energy Prof. Wesley Henderson Dept. Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering NC State University Seminar 2 Outline of Lectures Seminar 1: Energy & Electricity Use in the U.S. Peak Oil? Clean Coal
A vision of sustainable energy future: A multi-energy concept of smart energy systems Central European Student and Young Professionals Congress Tomislav Capuder, PhD Faculty of Electrical Engineering and
European Distribution System Operators for Smart Grids Position paper on Electric Vehicles Charging Infrastructure European Distribution System Operators for Smart Grids Position paper on ELECTRIC VEHICLES
Overview of Long Island Electric Service Territory Long Island Electric Service Territory» Long Island s electric service customers are located in Nassau County and Suffolk County (except for the villages
Energy storage in the UK and Korea: Innovation, Investment and Co-operation Appendix.1: Stakeholder interviews from Korea Peter Taylor & Lloyd Davies, University of Leeds Appendix.1: Stakeholder interviews
WHEN AN EFFECTIVE EU ENERGY POLICY? A. Clerici ABB Italy Honorary Chairman of WEC Italy Chairman of WEC WG The future role of nuclear in Europe 1 INDEX 1. General Comments 2. Vulnerability 3. Transmission
The State of the Electrical Grid in Washington State Michael Pesin, PMP, P.E. Seattle City Light April 24, 2014 *Seattle City Light *National and Washington State Electrical Grid Today *Smart Grid *Pacific
Guidelines for Monthly Statistics Data Collection Final version Data Expert Group 31 May 2015 1. Table of contents 1. Table of contents... 2 2. Remarks... 3 3. Introduction... 3 4. Geographical perimeter
Energy Storage in the New York Electricity Market Draft for Discussion Purposes Only December 2009 Contents Introduction...1 Electric System Dynamics... 2 Potential Benefits of Energy Storage... 3 Energy
A Discussion of PEM Fuel Cell Systems and Distributed Generation Jeffrey D. Glandt, M. Eng. Principal Engineer, Solutions Engineering May 2011 The information contained in this document is derived from
Electric Vehicles in Oregon Plug-in Electric Vehicle Adoption John Gartner Research Director Introduction Pike Research is a market research and consulting firm that provides in-depth analysis of global
Energy Storage Activities at New York Power Authority Li Kou, Ph.D. PE Sr. R&TD Engineer New York Power Authority APPA National Conference, Seattle, WA June 19, 2012 1 New York Power Authority Highlights
Pakistan Study to Determine the Limit of Integrating Intermittent Renewable (wind and solar) Resources onto Pakistan's National Grid Final Report: Executive Summary - November 2015 for USAID Energy Policy
Integration of distributed energy resources and demand response in energy systems Niamh O Connell Ben Kroposki National Renewable DTU Compute Energy NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department
From today s systems to the future renewable energy systems Iva Ridjan US-DK summer school AAU Copenhagen 17 August 2015 STRUCTURE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS 8/17/2015 Copenhagen, Denmark 2 Components Demand Heat
De energievoorziening in 2040; decentraal, duurzaam en intelligent! Prof. Dr. Ad van Wijk 25-6-2012 20-06-2012 Delft University of Technology Challenge the future There is no energy crisis Energy efficiency
Medium voltage products Technical guide Smart grids Contents 2 1. Introduction 8 2 The different components and functions of a smart grid 8 2.1 Integration of distributed renewable energy sources 9 2.2
University of Colorado at Boulder Chancellor s Residence: Smart Home energy management through technology innovation efficiency in partnership with SmartGridCity Boulder s first Smart Home The University
Electric Vehicles Integration and Impacts Dr Jenny Riesz February 2014 Overview Introduction Factors affecting uptake of EVs What will affect adoption? When are we likely to see widespread adoption? Impacts
Demand Response Market Overview Glossary of Demand Response Services Open Energi has partnered with Tarmac to provide Demand Response What s inside... Market Overview Balancing Electricity Supply and Demand
ESC Project: INMES Integrated model of the energy system Frontiers in Energy Research, March, 2015 Dr. Pedro Crespo Del Granado Energy Science Center, ETH Zürich ESC 19/03/2015 1 Presentation outline 1.
Smart Storage and Control Electric Water Heaters Greg Flege, Supervisor, Load Management Midwest Rural Energy Conference March 3, 2011 Dairyland Power Cooperative 25 Member Co-ops 16 Municipals 253,000
Drive Electric Northern Colorado Creating a Model Deployment Community The Deployment Community Concept: To facilitate nationwide commercialization of plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) technology, the engagement
Grid Scale Energy Storage ------ Applications & Technologies IMRE GYUK, PROGRAM MANAGER ENERGY STORAGE RESEARCH, DOE ARPA-e 10 4-09 Energy Storage provides Energy when it is needed just as Transmission
Volvo Cars, Plug-In Hybrid Concept Development The background of V60 Plug-In Hybrid Concept as presented internally at Volvo Car Corporation in May 2008 Klas Niste Project leader for Advanced Project for
Impact of Renewable generation Workshop Greenpeace - Terna "Power30" ROME, October15 th 2014 Index - Innovative Solutions Implemented - Main changes in the last years From liberalization to nowadays Investments
Pet Coke Consulting, LLC Phil Fisher Argus Conference, Houston September 19-21, 2012 Will Pet Coke continue to be made over next 25 years? To answer, we need to know: What drives pet coke production? How
Journal of Power Sources 162 (2006) 949 953 Short communication Value of storage in providing balancing services for electricity generation systems with high wind penetration Mary Black, Goran Strbac 1
Smart solutions for fleets of all types & sizes of power generation Marcus König, E F IE SGS / September 2013 Instrumentation, Controls & Electrical The Siemens structure: Four Sectors close to the customer
Comparison of Recent Trends in Sustainable Energy Development in Japan, U.K., Germany and France Japan - U.S. Workshop on Sustainable Energy Future June 26, 2012 Naoya Kaneko, Fellow Center for Research
Volume 2 A BidURenergy White Paper Unlocking Electricity Prices: A White Paper Exploring Price Determinants by: Mark Bookhagen, CEP pg. 2 Written by Mark Bookhagen, CEP Introduction In order to be classified
Page 1 Volvo Cars Electrification Strategy DRIVe Towards Zero Brussels April 20th 2010 Luc Semeese Director - Volvo Cars Manufacturing Engineering Page 2 Company philosophy : DRIVe towards Zero! Zero accidents
Strategic Microgrid Development for Maximum Value Allen Freifeld SVP, Law & Public Policy Viridity Energy 443.878.7155 1 MICROGRIDS Island Mode Buying and Selling Mode Retail Cost Structure to Maximize
Course on Integrating Renewable Energy Sources into Emerging Electric Power Systems (16-20 May, 2011) IIT Mandi LARGE SCALE ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS By : Dr. R.P. Saini Associate Professor Alternate Hydro
Overview brochure Energy Storage Keeping smart grids in balance Reliable power, where and when it s needed Energy storage is not a new concept in itself. It has been an integral component of electricity
7 th TYNDP WS The role of storage in a liberalized market Georg Dorfleutner RAG Energy Storage GmbH www.rag-energy-storage.at Unbundled SSO since 1.1.2013 Operating a storage-pool in Austria - CEGH TOV:
ALSTOM Energy Management Business Challenges related to Smart Energy Eco Systems March 2010 Laurent SCHMITT ALSTOM Power Energy Management VP for Strategy & Innovation ALSTOM CO 2 Strategy Alstom is the
Founded 1900, 8 Nobel Prize Winners Premiere Centre for Science & Engineering Liquid Air Energy Storage a new energy vector and means of large-scale energy storage? Professor Richard A Williams OBE FREng
国 家 发 展 和 改 革 委 员 会 能 源 研 究 所 Energy Research Institute National Development and Reform Commission CHINA 2050 HIGH RENEWABLE ENERGY PENETRATION SCENARIO AND RODAMAP STUDY CHINA NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
Clean Energy Jobs Plan Introduction When I was governor, California was the world leader in renewable energy and it led the nation in efficiency standards. Our programs saved California consumers billions
Håkan Johansson ABB Smart Grid Initiative CPS Week 2010 Smart Grid, an evolution challenging the entire power system June 22, 2010 Slide 1 Smart Grid main driver! Increased utilization of electricity can
Smart Energy Systems Energy Efficient Buildings and the Design of future Sustainable Energy Systems Henrik Lund Professor in Energy Planning Aalborg University Renewable Energy Systems A Smart Energy Systems
International Conference Energy Autonomy through Storage of Renewable Energies by EUROSOLAR and WCRE October 30 and 31, 2006 Gelsenkirchen / Germany Physics and Economy of Energy Storage Ulf Bossel European
ELECTRIC VEHICLE SAFETY FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS MODULE III: VEHICLE SYSTEMS AND SAFETY FEATURES TERMINAL OBJECTIVE The students will be able to describe the operation of HEV and EV systems. ENABLING OBJECTIVES
Transforming energy system Use more Renewables and reduce Energy Cost Introduction to Easy Smart Grid GmbH Praia, 13.10.2015 Dr. Thomas Walter (Founder and Managing Director) Leapfrogging Your chance to
Environmental Impact A Hymotion plug-in charged from grid electricity of the average national blend results in a 70% or greater reduction in CO 2 emissions compared to a traditional gas-powered vehicle.
1 Shrink That Footprint is an independent research group devoted to helping people concerned about climate change understand, calculate and reduce their carbon footprints. In particular we focus on reducing
Renewable and Alternative Energy Outlook Mary Doswell Senior Vice President Alternative Energy Solutions Governor s Conference on Energy October 13, 2010 Dominion: One of America s Leading Energy Companies
Energy Options in a Carbon Constrained World. Martin Sevior, School of Physics, University of Melbourne Energy underpins our Civilization Imagine one week without Electricity Imagine one week without Motorized
Electric Vehicles Integration and Impacts Dr Jenny Riesz February 2014 Overview Introduction Factors affecting uptake of EVs What will affect adoption? When are we likely to see widespread adoption? Impacts
Stationary Energy Storage Solutions 3 Stationary Energy Storage Solutions 2 Stationary Energy Storage Solutions Stationary Storage: Key element of the future energy system Worldwide growing energy demand,
Integration of Electric Vehicles National Town Meeting on Demand Response + Smart Grid May 28, 2015 DCFC Network: Greenlots North American Footprint Q2 15 Hawaii Total Public DCFC Greenlots DCFC Greenlots
RESPONSE TO PUB ORDER 117/06 PUB Order 117/06 Directive 6 6. Manitoba Hydro shall file a General Rate Application for the fiscal years 2007/08 and 2008/09 by no later than August 1, 2007 which shall include
(NEM) operates on one of the world s longest interconnected power systems, stretching from Port Douglas in Queensland to Port Lincoln in South Australia and across the Bass Strait to Tasmania a distance
SOFTWARE FOR THE OPTIMAL ALLOCATION OF EV CHARGERS INTO THE POWER DISTRIBUTION GRID Amparo MOCHOLÍ MUNERA, Carlos BLASCO LLOPIS, Irene AGUADO CORTEZÓN, Vicente FUSTER ROIG Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía
Emissions from Traditional & Flywheel Plants for Regulation Services Rick Fioravanti, Johan Enslin & Gerard Thijssen KEMA, Inc. EESAT 2007, San Francisco, Sep. 24, 2007 Funded in part by the Energy Storage
Adapting Gas-Power Generation to New Role in Low-Carbon Energy Systems Sandra Scalari Enel Ingegneria e Ricerca SpA Copenhagen, May 27-28 th 2014 Enel Presentation Generation Shift & Market in Europe Enel
Ozone Precursor and GHG Emissions from Light Duty s Comparing Electricity and Natural Gas as Transportation Fuels Robert E. Yuhnke Director, Transportation Program and Mike Salisbury Energy Analyst and
GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET OUTLOOK 213 FACT PACK GUY TURNER HEAD OF ECONOMICS AND COMMODITIES APRIL 26, 213 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET OUTLOOK, 26 APRIL 213 1 INTRODUCTION This year s Global Renewable
Coordinated and Optimized Control of Distributed Generation Integration Hui Yu & Wenpeng Luan China Electric Power Research Institute July, 2015 1 Background and introduction 2 Coordinated control of distributed
What is Travel SMART? Travel SMART is an initiative from Surrey County Council that aims to help Surrey residents and businesses reduce carbon, calories and cost. The Travel SMART team want to encourage
The Smart Energy Pricing Evolution at BGE for The 2011 National Town Meeting on Demand Response and Smart Grid 2011 National Town Meeting on Demand Response and Smart Grid Wayne Harbaugh VP Pricing & Regulatory
Wind and Energy Markets: A Case Study of Texas. Ross Baldick Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering email@example.com The University of Texas at Austin May 21, 2010 1 Abstract Many jurisdictions
Emissions Comparison for a 20 MW Flywheel-based Frequency Regulation Power Plant Beacon Power Corporation KEMA Project: BPCC.0003.001 May 18, 2007 Final Report with Updated Data Emissions Comparison for
Technical opportunities and barriers for utility scale energy storage Stathis Peteves Berlin, 23 October 2014 www.jrc.ec.europa.eu Serving society Stimulating innovation Supporting legislation Overview
RENAULT S EV STRATEGY Th Koskas 15th May 2009 AGENDA 1. Why EV today 2. The Market 3. Renault s strategy AGENDA 1. Why EV today 2. The Market 3. Renault s strategy ➊ CO2 efficiency 100 CO2 Emission (%)