ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME Proposed upgrade of the Mkhuphula Irrigation Project, Msinga Local Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal: Phase 2.

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1 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME Proposed upgrade of the Mkhuphula Irrigation Project, Msinga Local Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal: Phase 2 June 2019 Prepared by: TERRATEST (PTY) LTD PO Box 794 Hilton, 3245 Telephone: (033) Contact: Ms L. Dralle

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3 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PRACTITIONER ACTIVITY INFORMATION PROJECT DESCRIPTION Activities PROJECT REQUIREMENTS Runoff Management Plan Items of heritage & palaeontological significance APPLICABILITY OF EIA REGULATIONS (2014, AS AMENDED) IMPACT MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES, ACTIONS AND OUTCOMES MONITORING METHOD AND FREQUENCY OF MONITORING ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES EDTEA APPLICANT: HLANGANANI MKHUPHULA CO-OPERATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL OFFICER EMPLOYER S REPRESENTATIVE /ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGER CONTRACTOR ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE METHOD STATEMENTS REQUIRED METHOD STATEMENTS (MS) NON-COMPLIANCES INDICATIVE LIST OF TRANSGRESSIONS ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS TRAINING TABLES TABLE 2-1: Details of EAP...2 TABLE 3-1: Property details...2 TABLE 3-2: Gabion basket centre coordinates...3 TABLE 3-3: Access road coordinates...3 TABLE 3-4: Identified heritage features...7 TABLE 4-1: Pre-construction management objectives, actions and outcomes TABLE 4-2: Construction and rehabilitation management objectives, actions and outcomes FIGURES FIGURE 3-1: Locality Map...4 FIGURE 3-2: Layout Plan...5 FIGURE 3-3: No-go construction areas...9 FIGURE 5-1: Organisational structure APPENDICES APPENDIX 1: CURRICULUM VITAE APPENDIX 2: ALIEN PLANT CONTROL APPENDIX 3: EMPR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT FORM Page ii

4 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME: Proposed upgrade of the Mkhuphula Irrigation Scheme, Msinga Local Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal: Phase 2 1. INTRODUCTION Terratest (Pty) Ltd has been appointed by the Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative to undertake the necessary environmental services required for the proposed upgrading of the Mkhuphula Irrigation Scheme, Msinga Local Municipality, Umzinyathi District Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal: Phase 2. The project is being funded by the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, but the Applicant is the Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative. The proposed upgrade includes for the rehabilitation of erosion gullies and an existing access road via the installation of gabion baskets. Repair to existing fencing around predefined and existing Agricultural Blocks is also required. The proposed upgrade is required as part of a larger plan to reinstate existing agricultural lands. It is envisaged that cultivated produce will establish a level of food security, as well as a sustainable source of income to the Mkhuphula Community through the sale of surplus crops. The rehabilitation of erosion gullies will aid in stabilizing the erosive soils in the area, thereby protecting the agricultural lands from further degradation, and the rehabilitated access road will provide safe and efficient access to the site. The repair of fencing will ensure protection of produce from livestock. This EMPr has been compiled in accordance to Government Notice (GNR) 326, Appendix 4 of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulations (2014, as amended). In this regard, the EMPr provides mitigation measures for impacts identified in the Basic Assessment (BA) Report by defining the relevant objectives, outcomes and actions. In accordance with the Integrated Environmental Management Guidelines published by the Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism (DEAT) in 1992, the purpose of an EMPr is to describe how negative environmental impacts will be managed, rehabilitated or monitored and how positive impacts will be maximised. Section 28 of NEMA (National Environmental Management Act, Act 107 of 1998) which pertains to Duty of care and remediation of Environmental Damage states that: "(1) Every person who causes, has caused or may cause significant pollution or degradation of the environment, must take reasonable measures to prevent such pollution or degradation from occurring, continuing or recurring, or, in so far as such harm to the environment is authorised by law or cannot be reasonably avoided or stopped, to minimise and rectify such pollution or degradation of the environment." This EMPr must therefore form an integral part of the contract documents between the Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative, Department of Rural Development and Land Reform and the appointed contractor during the construction phase of the upgrade. This document outlines the methodology and duties required, such that construction can be achieved in an environmentally sustainable manner; with particular reference to the prevention and mitigation of environmental impacts caused by construction activities associated with the project. Such mitigation measures will have a financial impact on the projects costings. This EMPr is a dynamic document that may need to evolve during its implementation period, such that it recognises any new issues that may arise; or changes in the parameters of identified issues which can be addressed with required / amended mitigation. Page 1

5 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase The Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative and the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, as well as their contractors, are formally notified and are therefore required to take cognisance of the following principles throughout construction: THE POLLUTER-PAYS PRINCIPLE This principle provides for the costs of remedying pollution, environmental degradation and consequent adverse health effects and of preventing, controlling or minimizing further pollution, environmental damage or adverse health effects must be paid for by those responsible for harming the environment. The Polluter Pays Principle must be rigorously applied throughout the construction phase of this project. PROGRESSIVE REHABILITATION Progressive rehabilitation must be undertaken throughout the construction phase of the project where areas have been impacted. Rehabilitation should commence as soon as construction is completed in the specific area and not at the end of the entire project. 2. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PRACTITIONER The EMPr was prepared by Terratest (Pty) Ltd. The details of the representative Environmental Assessment Practitioners (EAPs) who prepared the report are detailed in Table 2-1. Further, Curriculum Vitae of the detailed EAPs are provided in Appendix 1. TABLE 2-1: Details of EAP COMPANY NAME: TERRATEST (PTY) LTD EAP Mr M. van Rooyen Executive Associate Ms L. Dralle Snr Environmental Scientist Qualifications & professional affiliations MPhil (Environmental Management), Pr. Sci. Nat; IAIAsa BSc. Hons Environmental Management; IAIAsa Experience at environmental assessments Contact details 14 years Terratest (Pty) Ltd Tel: (033) years Terratest (Pty) Ltd Tel: (033) ACTIVITY INFORMATION The proposed activity is located within the Msinga Local Municipality, approximately 40km north of Greytown (central GPS co-ordinates: S, E) (Refer Figure 3-1). The site is accessed by a gravel district road (D1268) off the R33 (Greytown Dundee Provincial Road) approximately 2.5km before the R33 crosses the Mooi River at Keate s Drift. The 21-digit Surveyor General (SG) code and property details are provided in Table 3-1. The property is under the curatorship of the Ingonyama Trust Board and Inkosi P.J. Ngubane of the Mbomvu Tribal Authority. TABLE 3-1: Property details 21-DIGIT SURVEYOR GENERAL (SG) CODE N0GT PROPERTY DETAILS Farm Bomvu No Page 2

6 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Ten gabion structures will be installed at the following locations as detailed in Table 3-2. Refer Figure 3-2. TABLE 3-2: Gabion basket centre coordinates NO. LATITUDE LONGITUDE S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E The existing sand access road is to be upgraded to gravel and will be approximately 700m long and 4.6m wide. Table 3-3 provides the start and end co-ordinates of the access road proposed to be upgraded. TABLE 3-3: Access road coordinates LATITUDE LONGITUDE Start S E End S E Existing fencing of the Agricultural Blocks will be reinstated where necessary. Page 3

7 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase FIGURE 3-1: Locality Map Page 4

8 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Start of existing access road to be upgraded: S; E End of existing access road to be upgraded: S; E 5 6 Agricultural Block Agricultural Block Agricultural Block 3 FIGURE 3-2: Layout Plan Page 5

9 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase PROJECT DESCRIPTION The existing Mkhuphula Agricultural Scheme consists of approximately 22ha of agricultural fields on the eastern banks of the Mooi River, Msinga Local Municipality. The 22ha area consists of three (3) separate portions of land which are all demarcated via fencing and are referred to in this report as Agricultural Blocks. The agricultural activities within these areas are all related to the production of food crops. The Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative, together with the KwaZulu-Natal Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, are proposing to upgrade the existing Mkhuphula Agricultural Scheme in order to establish a sustainable level of food security, as well as a sustainable source of income through the sales of surplus crops. The project is referred to as the upgrading of the Mkhuphula Irrigation Scheme Activities The following proposed activities will be undertaken in order to achieve the Phase 2 objectives of the Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative and the KwaZulu-Natal Department of Rural development and Land Reform. FENCING An existing hinged-joint-type perimeter fence surrounds each of the three existing Agricultural Blocks. The fence has deteriorated in places and will require repair or replacement in identified areas. In certain locations, significant erosion has occurred beneath the fence line in the form of erosion gullies. It is the repair of the fencing in an erosion gully (i.e. a watercourse 1 ) that triggers the need to obtain Environmental Authorisation prior to repairs occurring (i.e. works in a watercourse). This disturbed area will be reinstated via the deposition and compaction of soil to ground level. The installation of fencing will occur on the reinstated soil. EROSION CONTROL Rehabilitation structures in the form of gabion structures are required to be constructed in order to protect existing underground irrigation pipelines, prevent further erosion of the site and to protect topsoil on site. It is the rehabilitation of the erosion gullies (i.e. a watercourses) that triggers the need to obtain Environmental Authorisation prior to rehabilitation occurring (i.e. works in a watercourse). In total ten, (10) gabion structures will be constructed using a mix of geotextile U34, gabion baskets (2m x 1m x 1m) and reno-mattresses (6m x 3m x 3m) within the project area. Rock for the gabion baskets and reno-mattresses will be sourced commercially. Construction activities within the erosion gullies will only occur during dry periods to prevent any construction debris being washed downstream. An existing erosion gully exists in-between Agricultural Blocks 1 and 2 (refer Figure 3-2). Six (6) gabion structures will be constructed intermittently in this erosion gully in order to reduce runoff velocity which will assist in decreasing further erosion potential. An access road crossing is evident between Agricultural Blocks 2 and 3 which straddles a large erosion gully. Three (3) gabion structures will be installed in this erosion gully, the first of which has been designed to accommodate light motor vehicles (i.e. access road gabion structure). It is the rehabilitation of the erosion gully (i.e. a watercourse) that triggers the need to obtain Environmental Authorisation prior to repairs occurring (i.e. works in a watercourse). 1 As per GNR 326 of the EIA Regulations (2014, as amended) a watercourse is defined as (a) a river or spring; (b) a natural channel in which water flows regularly or intermittently; (c) a wetland, pan, lake or dam into which, or from which, water flows; and any collection of water which the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, declare to be a watercourse as defined in the National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998). Page 6

10 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase The access road gabion structure will be constructed immediately below the existing access road crossing point between Agricultural Blocks 2 and 3. The existing access road will therefore be supported by the gabion structure on the downstream edge. The existing access road will also be re-shaped. The access road upgrade will be approximelty 700m long and 4.6m wide. Downstream of the access road gabion structure, another two (2) gabion structures will be constructed which will be similar to the above, however, they will not allow for road access. One (1) last small gabion structure will be constructed above Agricultural Block 3 to prevent further erosion in the existing agricultural area. 3.2 PROJECT REQUIREMENTS Runoff Management Plan A Runoff Management Plan must be developed and implemented to allow for the control of surface water runoff around and across the Agricultural Blocks. The Runoff Management Plan must include: Contour banks within the agricultural block; Construction of cut-off drains to intercept surface runoff that would otherwise be channelled into the irrigation (agricultural) fields; and The construction of waterways to safely convey the runoff from the irrigated fields (Agricultural Blocks). The waterways will receive flow from the contours and the cut-off drains. The eroded gully between Agricultural Blocks 1 and 2 must be re-shaped and grassed to form a shallow, trapezoidal-shaped artificial grassed waterway Items of heritage & palaeontological significance A Heritage Impact Assessment was undertaken by UMLANDO: Archaeological Surveys and Heritage Management, the results of which identified the following: The entire area has a high density of stone tools that date to the Middle Stone Age and Late Stone Age. All of these are in a secondary context. The stone tools are the generic stone tools for that period and no special or rare tools were noted. Similarly, pottery sherds were found scattered throughout the study area. These were thin-walled sherds with a brown to orange colour. Many of these were as single sherds and did not constitute a site. Individual upper grinding stones were located in the agricultural fields. Seven heritage sites were recorded and are documented in Table Figure 10-1 provides a locality map of the finds (Heritage Impact Assessment Report, Appendix 6 of the Basic Assessment Report). TABLE 3-4: Identified heritage features NO. SITE COMMENT Phu01 Extensive and dense scatter of artefacts Phu02 Two stone cairns Phu03 Kraal, two possible graves and a stone cairn. Phu04 Stone cairn Phu05 Five graves Phu06 Single grave Phu07 Single grave The irrigation pipeline will affect some of the site, not the proposed gabion structures. The site will not be affected by the proposed gabion structures. The site will not be affected by the proposed gabion structures. The site will not be affected by the proposed gabion structures. The site will not be affected by the proposed gabion structures. The site will not be affected by the proposed gabion structures. The site will not be affected by the proposed gabion structures. Based on the above noted finds, a Management Plan specific to the identified heritage features is provided and must be implemented onsite. Page 7

11 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Heritage Management Plan The following recommendations for the Management Plan are proposed (Appendix 6 of the Basic Assessment Report): All graves that do not occur near the proposed upgraded access road need to be clearly demarcated before construction begins. This must be done with the consent of living relatives and/or the Ward Councillor. The demarcation must occur 5m from the edge of the grave. There must be a 20m buffer between the grave and any development. The graves that occur near the proposed upgraded access road must not be damaged. The road must be relocated at least 20m from the graves. The site Phu01 needs to be monitored if any earthmoving activity occurs in the area of the site. All excavations less than 1.5m in depth do not require a palaeontologist on site. However, anything deeper will require a suitably qualified palaeontologist to be present during construction. This detail is further documented in Section 4 of this report. Page 8

12 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase FIGURE 3-3: No-go construction areas Page 9

13 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase APPLICABILITY OF EIA REGULATIONS (2014, AS AMENDED) In terms of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulations (2014, as amended), promulgated in terms of the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (NEMA), certain Listed Activities are specified for which either a Basic Assessment (GNR 327 and GNR 324) or a full Scoping and EIA (GNR 325) is required. The following Listed Activities in Government Notice (GNR 327 (Listing Notice 1) and GNR 324 (Listing Notice 3), requiring a Basic Assessment (BA) Process are applicable to the proposed upgrade: GNR 327 (Listing Notice 1), Item 12: The development of (i) dams or weirs, where the dam or weir, including infrastructure and water surface area, exceeds 100 square metres; or (ii) infrastructure or structures with a physical footprint of 100 square metres or more; where such development occurs (a) within a watercourse; (b) in front of a development setback; or (c) if no development setback exists, within 32 metres of a watercourse, measured from the edge of a watercourse The development of gabion structures, the upgrading of the access road and the reinstatement of fences will result in 100m 2 or more of infrastructure cumulatively being developed in a watercourse 2 or within 32m of a watercourse. Specifically, the size of the infrastructure to be constructed in a watercourse, or within 32m of a watercourse, is listed as follows: Gabions: 1 200m 2 (total for all gabion baskets proposed); Road: 950m 2 (for the length of road upgrade occurring within a watercourse or 32m of a watercourse only); and Fencing: 2 850m (for the total length of fencing to be replaced within a watercourse or within 32m of a watercourse). GNR 327 (Listing Notice 1), Item 19: The infilling or depositing of any material of more than 10 cubic metres into, or dredging, excavation, removal or moving of soil, sand, shells, shell grit, pebbles or rock or more than 10 cubic metres from (i) a watercourse. Rehabilitation of erosion gullies and the existing access road will require the excavation, dredging, movement or deposition of 10m 3 of material or more from / into a watercourse. Further, existing fences will be reinstated, which will likely require construction works in watercourses to occur. In this regard, the watercourses identified are large erosion gullies evident on site. Construction works will occur in these watercourses, largely in an effort to prevent any further erosion on site. Specifically, the volume of material to be removed from, or deposited into a watercourse is listed as follows: Gabions: 550m 3 (total for the installation of all gabion baskets proposed, excluding the volume of the actual gabion baskets themselves); Road: 150m 3 (for the length of road upgrade); and Fencing: 10m 3 (for the length of fencing to be replaced). 2 As per GNR 326 of the EIA Regulations (2014, as amended) a watercourse is defined as (a) a river or spring; (b) a natural channel in which water flows regularly or intermittently; (c) a wetland, pan, lake or dam into which, or from which, water flows; and any collection of water which the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, declare to be a watercourse as defined in the National Water Act, Page 10

14 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase IMPACT MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES, ACTIONS AND OUTCOMES GNR 326, Appendix 4 of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulations (2014, as amended), notes that the identified impacts of development are to be presented with the management actions and outcomes. Table 4-1 and Table 4-2 presents the required information, together with the responsible person and the frequency to which the management objectives must be monitored during the pre-construction, construction and rehabilitation phases. In this regard, the Contractor, a designated on-site Employers Representative/Environmental Manager (EM), an independent Environmental Control Officer (ECO) and the Employer are the custodians of this EMPr. TABLE 4-1: Pre-construction management objectives, actions and outcomes Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim Pre-Construction Phase - Actions to be completed prior to construction 1. Preconstruction activities to be implemented to avoid environmental damage. 1.1 The contractor must prepare a Construction Site Development Plan to be approved by the ECO prior to establishment on site. This plan must indicate: a. The boundaries of the site that encompass all construction related activities; b. Vehicle and pedestrian access points and routes; and c. Laydown area/s, offices, stockpile areas, storage areas, etc. d. Timeous notification must be given to landowners / Ward Councillor / Inkosi detailing the date construction will start and the duration of construction; e. Haulage roads and turning areas must be identified and clearly demarcated; f. Appropriate temporary traffic control and warning signage must be erected and implemented on all affected roads in the vicinity of the site; g. Temporary stormwater protection measures must be established; h. Methods of dust suppression must be formalised; i. An Emergency Method Statement must be drafted and submitted to the ECO detailing fire, accidental leaks and spillage procedures, as well as emergency contact numbers; j. Adequate spill kits and containers for spilled and contaminated material must be provided; k. Waste bins with lids must be provided on site; l. An appropriate number of chemical, portable, toilets (1 toilet for every 20 workers) must be provided for labourers during the construction phase. These must be maintained in a satisfactory condition and be located 100m away from any water resources at a minimum, or outside of the 1:100 year floodline. The toilets must be serviced (i.e. sludge removed) weekly. Records are to be kept; Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Limit construction impacts on the receiving environment. Ensure that the contractor, construction workers and site personnel are aware of the relevant provisions of the EMPr. Establish and maintain a record of all complaints and claims against the project and ensure that these are timeously and effectively verified and responded to. Education of the construction staff with regards to environmentally sensitive areas on site. Responsibility Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc Verification: Monthly Page 11

15 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal 2. Site clearing and sensitive areas 3. Construction camp establishment Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim m. Hazardous materials/dangerous goods must be stored in a clearly marked, lockable, designated storage area; n. Hazardous materials / dangerous goods must be stored within a bunded area of a 110% of the total storage capacity of the bund; o. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS s) must be readily available on site for all chemicals and hazardous substances to be used. Where possible and available, MSDS s should additionally include information on ecological impacts and measures to minimize negative environmental impacts during accidental releases or escapes; p. Unauthorised entry, stockpiling, dumping or storage of equipment, material or waste shall be strictly prohibited in identified no-go areas during all phases of construction; q. A Community Complaints Register shall be maintained by the Contractor detailing complaints and issues raised by community members and business/landowners and the manner in which the problems were resolved; r. An Incidents Register must be maintained and kept at the site camp; and s. Environmental training must be held to ensure all construction personnel are aware of the provisions contained in the EMPr. A record of environmental training undertaken must be kept at the site camp. 2.1 A Method Statement is to be developed, which will provide the details of how site clearing will be executed; 2.2 All existing infrastructure and structures, including for example powerlines and roads, are to be identified and taken cognisance of; 2.3 Sensitive areas including wetlands and drainage lines must be demarcated prior to commencement of construction activities on site; and 2.4 The construction team must be notified that fossils may be uncovered during construction works and training on who to report the fossil find to, and what process is to be followed should a fossil be found, must be issued to all site staff. 3.1 The construction camp must be located within an existing disturbed area; 3.2 The construction camp must be located outside of the 1:100 year floodline, or 100m from a watercourse; 3.3 Appropriate stormwater management must be implemented at the construction camp to prevent ponding of water or erosion; 3.4 Suitable waste bins must be provided within the construction camp; Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Manage environmental impact associated with site clearing. Ensure that only areas that are specifically registered for the construction purposes are cleared. Minimise environmental impact associated with construction camp establishment. Responsibility Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM Verification: ECO Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc Verification: Monthly Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc Page 12

16 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr Impact management actions of an EMPr Impact management outcomes of an EMPr Monitoring A thing aimed at or sought, a goal The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim 3.5 Storage areas / containers containing hazardous substances / material must be clearly signed and fire extinguishers must be located in close proximity; 3.6 Designated areas for stockpiling of raw material must be provided. All stockpiling must be approved by the EM; 3.7 Spill kits must be readily available at the construction camp and at construction areas; 3.8 Drip trays must be readily available; 3.9 Adequate toilet facilities (i.e. portable, chemical abiltion facilities as provided by a recognised portable sanitation and hygiene service provider) must be provided at the construction camp for all staff; 3.10 The camp must be adequately secured; and 3.11 Water for human consumption must be available at the construction camp and at other convenient locations on site. The way a thing turns out; a consequence Responsibility Verification: ECO Frequency Verification: Monthly Page 13

17 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase TABLE 4-2: Construction and rehabilitation management objectives, actions and outcomes Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase 1. Access and traffic 2 Management of construction camp and eating areas Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim 1.1 Signs must be placed alongside access roads to identify speed limits, travel restrictions and other standard traffic control information; 1.2 Speeding is prohibited. Flagmen and other traffic control measures must be implemented during the construction phase where necessary; 1.3 Existing roads must only be used for construction purposes. No new roads may be cut; 1.4 Access roads are to be maintained in a suitable condition; and 1.5 All utilised access roads are to be reinstated to their original state post construction. 2.1 Stormwater management must be implemented and maintained at the construction camp to avoid standing water or erosion; 2.2 Designated waste bins / skips must be utilised at all times. Bins must be emptied at least once every two weeks, or once the capacity of the bin/skip has reached 90%. Waste is not permitted to spill out of the bins/skips. It must be collected and removed from site prior to spillages occurring (i.e. before the total capacity of the bin/skip is reached); 2.3 Spill kits must be readily available at the construction camp; 2.4 Eating areas must be designated and demarcated. Litter must be collected on a daily basis. Refuse bins must be placed at all eating areas; a. Adequate ablution facilities must be provided (1 toilet for every 20 workers). These must be maintained in a satisfactory condition and be located 100m away from any water resources at a minimum, or outside of the 1:100 year floodline; 2.5 All construction waste must be disposed of off-site at an approved landfill site; 2.6 Rehabilitation of the construction camp must commence immediately after completion of construction activities; and 2.7 On completion of the project, the appointed contractor must ensure that all necessary infrastructure contained within the construction camp, including the construction plant, equipment, storage containers and temporary services used during construction are removed. Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Ensure that construction vehicles use only dedicated access routes to the construction site. Minimise environmental impacts associated with the construction camp and eating areas. Responsibility Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM Verification: ECO Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc Verification: Monthly Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc Verification: Monthly Page 14

18 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase 3 Preservation of vegetation and fauna 4 Prevent soil contamination Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim 3.1 Construction activities must be restricted to the development footprint area; 3.2 No animal may be intentionally killed or destroyed and poaching and hunting is not permitted on site. Any construction personnel found to be poaching in the area must be subjected to a disciplinary hearing; 3.3 All exposed earth must be rehabilitated promptly with suitable vegetation to stabilise the soil. The appointed ECO must advise on what vegetation type to utilise specific to the area, considering the erosive potential of the soils, and if unable to provide such information, an appropriately qualified vegetation and rehabilitation specialist is to be consulted; 3.4 Post construction, all disturbed areas must be rehabilitated by appropriate landscaping, topsoil dressing, alien plant rehabilitation and vegetation establishment, as per the recommendations of the ECO or vegetation / rehabilitation specialist; 3.5 Bank slopes must be graded to the lowest possible angle and must be well below the slip angle of the material concerned; 3.6 Throughout the project area, a rigorous programme of alien weed control must be implemented and sustained; and 3.7 An Alien Plant Control programme is appended as Appendix 2 for reference purposes. 4.1 Hazardous materials / dangerous goods must be stored in a clearly marked, lockable, designated storage area; 4.2 Hazardous materials / dangerous goods must be stored within a bunded area of a 110% of the total storage capacity of the bund; 4.3 All stationery vehicles, equipment and receptacles of hazardous waste must be supplied with drip trays to prevent soil contamination; 4.4 When decanting hazardous substances, drip trays must be used. Drip trays are to be cleaned out daily and material collected disposed of as hazardous waste; 4.5 Should a spillage occur, absorbent sand (or an appropriate alternative as supplied in a spill kit) should be spread on the affected areas. The contaminated soil must be lifted and placed within an impermeable container or a high-density plastic bag and disposed of at a recognised disposal site; 4.6 An Incident Report must be completed for spills; Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Prevention of the introduction and spread of alien invasive species in the area due to construction activities. Preservation of existing sensitive fauna and flora Avoidance of soil contamination Re-use of viable soils in rehabilitation Responsibility Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: ECO Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc Verification: Monthly Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc Verification: Monthly Page 15

19 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim 4.7 Adequate toilet facilities (i.e. portable, chemical abiltion facilities as provided by a recognised portable sanitation and hygiene service provider) must be provided at for all staff; 4.8 An appropriate number of chemical, portable, toilets (1 toilet for every 20 workers) must be provided for labourers during the construction phase. These must be maintained in a satisfactory condition and be located 100m away from any water resources at a minimum, or outside of the 1:100 year floodline. The toilets must be serviced (i.e. sludge removed) weekly. Records are to be kept; and 4.9 All disturbed areas must be rehabilitated. 5 Prevent soil loss 5.1 Soil erosion prevention measures must be implemented. This can include measures such as gabions, sand bags etc. Energy dissipaters must be constructed at any surface water outflow points; 5.2 Construction areas must be monitored weekly for any signs of off-site siltation; 5.3 All areas impacted by earth-moving activities must be re-shaped postconstruction to ensure natural flow of runoff and to prevent ponding; 5.4 All exposed earth must be rehabilitated promptly with suitable vegetation to stabilize the soil. Vigorous grasses planted with fertiliser are very effective at covering exposed soil. It is important to note that the use of fertilisers must be undertaken with caution and must not be allowed, in any circumstances, to run into any watercourse to avoid any possible eutrophication impacts. The ECO and/or vegetation/rehabilitation specialist can assist; 5.5 Excavated soil must be retained, with topsoil and subsoil being stockpiled separately; 5.6 Soils, including backfill material, are to be compacted to match the porosity of the surrounds as best as possible, post construction; 5.7 Topsoil and subsoil are to be stripped separately from each other and must be stored separately from spoil material for use in the rehabilitation phase. Stockpiles must be protected from wind and rain, as well as contamination from oil, diesel, petrol, concrete, waste water or any other material, which may inhibit later growth of vegetation; and 5.8 A Runoff Management Plan must be developed and implemented to allow for the control of surface water runoff around and across the Agricultural Blocks. The Runoff Management Plan must include: Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Re-use of viable soil in rehabilitation. Prevent loss of topsoil or soils from the site during construction. Responsibility Implementation: Contractor & Engineer Inspection: EM and ECO Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Preconstruction and prior to implementation of rehabilitation Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum Verification: Monthly Page 16

20 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase 6 Material handling, hazardous substances and storage Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim a. Contour banks within the agricultural block; b. Construction of cut-off drains to intercept surface runoff that would otherwise be channelled into the irrigation (agricultural) fields; c. The construction of waterways to safely convey the runoff from the irrigated fields (Agricultural Blocks). The waterways will receive flow from the contours and the cut-off drains; and d. The eroded gully between Agricultural Blocks 1 and 2 must be re-shaped and grassed to form a shallow, trapezoidal-shaped artificial grassed waterway. 6.1 Hazardous substances and materials are those that are potentially poisonous, flammable, carcinogenic or toxic. Examples of these include: diesel, petroleum, oil, bitumen, solvent based paints and lubricants. Such substances must be managed appropriately; 6.2 All hazardous substances are to be stored in a covered, lockable bunded area and handled in accordance with the relevant MSDS; 6.3 Hazardous materials / dangerous goods must be stored within a bunded area of a 110% of the total storage capacity of the bund; 6.4 Staff dealing with these materials / substances must be aware of their potential health and environmental impacts and follow the appropriate safety measures; 6.5 Spill kits must be clearly marked and visible when utilising hazardous or dangerous materials to ensure that all spills are immediately contained and removed; 6.6 Significant spills must be reported to the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS) and the Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs (EDTEA). Contamination assessments must follow significant spillage events to determine specific risks, impacts and mitigation actions; 6.7 In the event of a fire, the appropriate fire management system, as per the MSDS and onsite emergency response plan, must be implemented; 6.8 All vehicles and equipment shall be kept in good working order to reduce the likelihood of oil leaks occurring; and 6.9 All stationery vehicles must be supplied with drip trays to prevent soil contamination. Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Ensure all hazardous substances are handled in accordance with the material safety data sheets (MSDS). Responsibility Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum Verification: Monthly Page 17

21 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase 7 Water resources (Mooi River, wetlands and drainage lines) 8 Preserve air quality Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim 7.1 Appropriate stormwater / surface water management measures must be put in place before construction commences and maintained throughout the lifetime of the development; 7.2 An appropriate number of chemical, portable toilets (1 toilet for every 20 workers) must be provided for labourers during the Construction Phase. These must be maintained in a satisfactory condition and a minimum of 100m away from any water resources or outside of the 1:100 year floodline; 7.3 Any contaminated water associated with construction activities must be contained in separate areas or receptacles such as Jo-Jo tanks or water-proof drums, and must not be allowed to enter into any watercourse; 7.4 Dangerous good/hazardous material must not be allowed to enter the watercourse. Storage of hazardous material must be within a bunded area of a 110% of the total storage capacity of the bund; 7.5 Appropriate silt control mechanisms must be installed around all soil excavations to prevent silt from entering the surrounding watercourses; 7.6 Should any excavations require dewatering, this is to occur through an adequately designed silt trap prior to discharge. All silt traps are to be regularly monitored and maintained to ensure efficient and effective use; 7.7 Watercourse bank slopes must be graded to the lowest possible angle and must be well below the slip angle of the material concerned; 7.8 Where necessary use must be made of gabions, rock packs, or other such hardstabilising structures. However, the use of retaining walls constructed of bricks, blocks, or concrete, is not recommended as such structures are often ineffective and can accelerate erosion processes in some cases; 7.9 Watercourses and wetlands must be protected from erosion and direct or indirect spills of pollutants, e.g. sediment, sewage, cement, oils, fuels, chemicals, wastewater; and 7.10 All general waste, construction plant equipment, surplus rock, and other foreign materials must be completely removed from site post-construction. 8.1 Heavy vehicles and machinery must be serviced regularly to minimise exhaust fumes; 8.2 Soil stockpiles must be located in areas to limit the erosive effects of wind. This will serve to limit dust impacts; Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Ensure that watercourses (including the Mooi River, wetlands and drainage lines) are protected and incur minimal negative impacts to resource quality. Reduce air quality impacts. Reduce on-site dust. Responsibility Implementation: All Inspection: EM Verification: ECO Implementation: Contractor & Engineer Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum Verification: Monthly Implementation: Ongoing Inspection: Page 18

22 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase 9 Prevent noise pollution Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim 8.3 Removal of vegetation must be avoided until such time as soil stripping is required. This will serve to limit dust impacts; 8.4 Water or an appropriate environmentally friendly soil stabiliser, must be utilised to suppress dust; 8.5 Equipment must be operated within its specifications and capacity and must not be overloaded; and 8.6 The entire contractors vehicles must be fitted with effective exhaust silencers and must comply with Road Traffic Act (Act 29 of 1989) when any such vehicle is operated on a public road. 9.1 Potential increase in noise from the operation of machinery and equipment, as well as the construction vehicle traffic; 9.2 Ensure that the potential noise source will conform to the South African Bureau of Standards recommended code of practice, SANS Code 0103:1983, so that it will not produce excessive or undesirable noise when it is released; and 9.3 All the Contractors equipment shall be fitted with effective exhaust silencers and shall comply with the South African Bureau of Standards recommended code of practice and the South African National Standard (SANS) Code 0103:1983, for construction plant noise generation. Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence No ambient noise impacts relating to plant operations. Compliance to municipal by-laws. No nuisance conditions created. Responsibility Inspection: EM Verification: ECO Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum Verification: Monthly Implementation: Monthly or at the prescribed vehicle/plant manufacturers specifications Daily for management measures Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum 10 Prevent visual unsightliness 10.1 Watering roads to prevent dust from construction vehicles (where required); and 10.2 Screening of highly reflective material must be undertaken. The prevention or the mitigation of unsightliness. Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: Monthly Implementation: Monthly or at the prescribed vehicle/plant manufacturers specifications Page 19

23 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Responsibility Monitoring Frequency Verification: ECO Daily for management measures Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum 11 Prevent the spread of waste 11.1 All solid waste generated during the construction process must be placed in a designated waste collection area within the construction camp and must not be allowed to become windblown, be accessible to animals, or be placed in piles adjacent to the skips / bins; 11.2 All waste receptacles are to have lids; 11.3 Separation and recycling of different waste materials must be supported; 11.4 No burying, dumping or burning of waste materials, vegetation, litter or refuse shall occur on site; 11.5 All solid waste must be disposed of at the nearest licensed landfill and safe disposal certificates must be obtained and kept on site at all times during construction; 11.6 A daily litter collection programme must be implemented; 11.7 Contaminated soil must be treated as hazardous waste and disposed of at a permitted waste disposal site. The affected area is to rehabilitated immediately; 11.8 Ablution facilities on site need to be regularly serviced by a licenced service provider on a weekly basis. The contractor is to encourage all staff and subcontractors to use these facilities. The use of the surrounding environment for urination or defaecation is strictly prohibited; 11.9 Handling of hazardous liquids shall be done over drip trays to intercept spills; Generators and fuel storage bowsers must be contained within drip trays or appropriately bunded; No environmental contamination associated with waste. Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: ECO Verification: Monthly Implementation: Daily and ad hoc Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum Verification: Monthly Page 20

24 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase 12 Safety and security Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim Excess excavated material shall not be allowed to accumulate on site; and On completion of the project all construction waste shall be disposed of at a registered waste disposal site First aid must be available on site; 12.2 Smoking is prohibited in the vicinity of flammable substances; 12.3 Fire extinguishers must be available and easily accessible at all times; 12.4 Emergency contact details must be displayed on site; 12.5 Any construction personnel found trespassing must be subjected to a disciplinary hearing; 12.6 Construction worker s / construction vehicles must take heed of normal road safety regulations; thus, all personnel must obey and respect the law of the road. A courteous and respectful driving manner must be enforced and maintained so as not to cause harm to any individual; 12.7 Open trenches must be adequately demarcated and must be checked daily to ensure the adopted demarcation method is still operational. The use of warning signs are also encouraged; and 12.8 Material stockpiles must be stable to avoid collapse and possible injury to workers. 13 Socio-economic 13.1 Inform the surrounding communities, public and private business of the proposed activity as soon as possible. This will serve to ease potential social anxiety; 13.2 Local community members must be employed where possible; 13.3 A Community Liaison Officer must be employed to assist in raising any concerns / complaints noted by the affected community and business / landowners to the contractor; and 13.4 The contractor must replace any damaged infrastructure as a result of construction activities. Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Prevent unnecessary incidents. Creation of job opportunities for skilled and non-skilled personnel Skill development of the local community through employment opportunities Protect agricultural practices Responsibility Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: ECO Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Implementation: Daily and ad hoc Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum Verification: Monthly Implementation: Daily and ad hoc Inspection: Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum 14 Prevent unnecessary loss of heritage and 14.1 The KwaZulu-Natal Heritage Act (2008) requires that all operations exposing archaeological, historical residues or graves must cease immediately pending an evaluation by the heritage authorities; 14.2 The Heritage Management Plan provided by the Speicalist (Appendix 6 of the Basic Assessment Report must be implemented: Protection of heritage and palaeontological resources Implementation: Contractor Inspection: EM & ECO Verification: Monthly Implementation: Daily and ad hoc Inspection: Page 21

25 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase Impact management objectives of an EMPr A thing aimed at or sought, a goal Construction and Rehabilitation Phase palaeontological artefacts Impact management actions of an EMPr The process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim i. All graves that do not occur near the proposed upgraded access road need to be clearly demarcated before construction begins. This must be done with the consent of living relatives and/or the Ward Councillor. The demarcation must occur 5m from the edge of the grave. There must be a 20m buffer between the grave and any development. ii. The graves that occur near the proposed upgraded access road must not be damaged. The road must be relocated at least 20m from the graves. iii. The site Phu01 needs to be monitored if any earthmoving activity occurs in the area of the site. iv. All excavations less than 1.5m in depth do not require a palaeontologist on site. However, anything deeper will require a suitably qualified palaeontologist to be present during construction. v. As per the standard requirements and conditions of Amafa KwaZulu-Natal, the following conditions are to be adhered to: a. Amafa must be contacted if any heritage objects are identified during earthmoving activities and all development should cease until further notice. b. No structures older than sixty years or parts thereof are allowed to be demolished altered or extended without a permit from Amafa. c. Under no circumstances may any heritage material be destroyed or removed from site unless under direction of Amafa and a heritage specialist. d. Should any remains be found on site that is potentially human remains, the South African Police Service (SAPS) must also be contacted. No SAPS official may disturb or exhume such remains, whether of recent origin or not, without the necessary permission from Amafa. e. No activities are allowed within 50m of a site, which contains rock art. f. Sources of all natural materials (including topsoil, sands, natural gravels, crushed stone, asphalt, etc.) must be obtained in a sustainable manner and in compliance with the heritage legislation. g. Failure to comply with the requirements of the National Heritage Resources Act and the KwaZulu Natal Amafa and Research Institute Act could lead to legal action being instituted against the applicant. Impact management outcomes of an EMPr The way a thing turns out; a consequence Responsibility Verification: ECO Monitoring Frequency Ad hoc and weekly as a minimum Verification: Monthly Page 22

26 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase MONITORING 5.1 METHOD AND FREQUENCY OF MONITORING An independent, external ECO must audit the construction site during the construction phase of the project on a monthly basis, unless otherwise specified by the EDTEA; A monthly construction Environmental Audit Report is to be drafted by the ECO and submitted to the Applicant / Employer for review and implementation prior to the following site audit; and The relevant party (i.e. ECO or Applicant, as designated by the Environmental Authorisation) has the responsibility to submit the site audit report to the EDTEA: Compliance and Monitoring Department for the duration of the construction period. 5.2 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES The implementation of this EMPr requires the involvement of several stakeholders, each fulfilling a different, but vital role to ensure sound environmental management during the construction phase. The stakeholders are discussed below: EDTEA The EDTEA is the designated provincial authority responsible for authorising the EMPr related to the project. The EDTEA has overall responsibility for ensuring that the Applicant complies with the Conditions of the Environmental Authorisation and EMPr APPLICANT: HLANGANANI MKHUPHULA CO-OPERATIVE Under South African environmental legislation, the Applicant (Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative) is accountable for the potential impacts of the activities that are undertaken and is responsible for managing these impacts. The project, however, has been funded by the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, and thus the Applicant (Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative), as well as the Employer, (Department of Rural Development and Land Reform), have the environmental responsibility to ensure that the implementation of this EMPr complies with the relevant legislation and the Conditions of the Environmental Authorisation ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL OFFICER An appointed independent ECO will monitor and review the on-site environmental management and implementation of this EMPr by the contractor throughout the project. This will be done by conducting site audits and issuing monthly audit reports to the Applicant and EDTEA s Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement Section, as applicable. The credentials of the appointed ECO must be submitted to the EDTEA s Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement Section upon appointment. The EDTEA requires that the ECO be at the forefront of all environmental management issues EMPLOYER S REPRESENTATIVE /ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGER The Employers Representative/Environmental Manager, or his appointee, will conduct daily inspections of the site to identify potential non-compliances and potential negative impacts to the environment. The inspections will take the form of an inspection sheet and will be kept as a record. Findings thereof will be made available to the ECO and raised in construction meetings for mitigation or avoidance measures. Page 23

27 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase CONTRACTOR This refers to the main contractor(s) appointed by the Applicant for the construction of the project, or a portion of the project. The main contractor(s) will be responsible for complying with the EMPr commitments and any other legislative requirements, as applicable to the contractors appointment for the proposed upgrade. The contractor/s will also be responsible for drafting method statements appropriate to activities under his direct control. The contractor must ensure that all employees under their appointment receive appropriate training prior to the commencement of construction, taking cognisance of this EMPr and the Conditions of the Environmental Authorisation ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE Details of the organisational structure are presented in Figure 5-1. The structure illustrates the reporting procedures for all stakeholders responsible for the implementation of this EMPr. Authority EDTEA Applicant / Employer Hlanganani Mkhuphula Co-operative / Department of Rural Development and Land Reform Environmental Control Officer Unknown Employers Representative / Environmental Manager Contractor Unknown FIGURE 5-1: Organisational structure An EMPr Acknowledgement Form is provided as Appendix 4, committing all parties involved to sound environmental practices during construction. 5.3 METHOD STATEMENTS Method Statements are written submissions by the contractor to the ECO in response to the requirements of this EMPr, or to a request by the ECO. The contractor shall be required to prepare Method Statements for several specific construction activities and/or environmental management aspects. The contractor shall not commence the activity for which a Method Statement is required until the ECO has approved the relevant Method Statement. Method Statements must be submitted at least 20 working days prior to the date on which approval is required to the ECO. The ECO must in turn accept or reject the Method Statement within 10 working days of receipt. Failure to submit a Method Statement may result in suspension of the activity concerned until such time as a Method Statement has been submitted and approved. Page 24

28 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase An accepted Method Statement shall not absolve the contractor from any of his obligations or responsibilities in terms of the contract. However, any damage caused to the environment through activities undertaken without an approved Method Statement shall be rehabilitated at the contractor s expense. The Method Statements shall cover relevant details with regards to: Construction procedures and location of the construction site / camp; Start date and duration construction; Materials, equipment and labour to be used; How materials, equipment and labour would be moved to and from the site, as well as on site during construction; Storage, removal and subsequent handling of all materials, excess materials and waste materials of construction; Emergency procedures in case of any reasonably potential accident / incident which would occur during construction; and Compliance/non-compliance with any EMPr specification and motivation if non-compliant REQUIRED METHOD STATEMENTS (MS) Based on the specifications in this EMPr, the following Method Statements (MS) are required as a minimum: MS1: Site layout and establishment; MS2: Hazardous substances; MS3: Traffic accommodation; MS4: Solid waste control system; MS5: Wastewater control system; MS6: Watercourse crossings; MS7: Stormwater Control; and MS8: Fire control and emergency procedures. 6. NON-COMPLIANCES The contractor shall comply with the environmental specifications and requirements on an on-going basis and any failure on his part to do so will entitle the ECO to impose a penalty. In the event of non-compliance, the following recommended process can be followed: The ECO shall issue a notice of non-compliance to the contractor, stating the nature and magnitude of the contravention; The contractor shall act to correct the non-conformance within 24 hours of receipt of the notice, or within a period that may be specified within the notice; The contractor shall provide the ECO with a written statement describing the actions to the taken to discontinue the non-conformance, the actions taken to mitigate its effects and the expected results of the actions; In the case of the contractor failing to remedy the situation within the predetermined timeframe, the ECO shall refer the matter to the EM, who: Has the right to stop work and/or certain activities on site in the case of non-compliance or failure to implement remediation measures; and / or Impose a monetary penalty based on the conditions of contract (if applicable). In the case of a non-compliance giving rise to physical environmental damage or destruction, the EM shall be entitled to undertake, or to cause to be undertaken, such remedial works as may be required Page 25

29 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase to make good such damage and to recover from the contractor the full costs incurred in doing so; and In the event of a dispute or difference of opinion between any parties arising out of the interpretation of the conditions of the EMPr, or a disagreement regarding the implementation or method of implementation of conditions of the EMPr, any party shall be entitled to require that the issue be referred to specialists for arbitration. 6.1 INDICATIVE LIST OF TRANSGRESSIONS Where the Contractor and/or his/her Sub-contractor(s) inflicts non-repairable damage upon the environment or fails to comply with any of the environmental specifications, he/she shall be liable to pay a penalty fine over and above any other contractual consequences. The contractor is deemed not to have complied with this EMPr if: Within the boundaries of the site, site extensions and haul/access roads there is evidence of contravention; Environmental damage ensues due to negligence on the contractor s and/or his/her sub-contractor s part; The contractor and/or his/her sub-contractor fail to comply with the corrective or other instructions issued by the EM within a specific time; or The contractor and/or his/her sub-contractor fail to respond adequately to complaints from the public. Payment of any fines in terms of the contract shall not absolve the offender from being liable from prosecution in terms of any law. 6.2 ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS TRAINING The contractor shall ensure that adequate environmental awareness training of senior site personnel takes place and that all construction workers receive an induction presentation on the importance and implications of the EMPr and Conditions of the Environmental Authorisation. The presentation shall be conducted, as far as possible, in the employees language of choice. As a minimum, training shall include: Explanation of the importance of complying with the EMPr; Discussion of the potential environmental impacts of, and environmental risks presented by, construction activities; Employees roles and responsibilities, including emergency preparedness; Explanation of the mitigation measures that must be implemented when carrying out their activities; Explanation of the specifics of this EMPr, including the Heritage Management Plan and Runoff Management Plan; and Explanation of the management structure of individuals responsible for matters pertaining to the EMPr. The contractor shall keep records of all environmental training sessions, including names, dates and the information presented. These records will be presented at the ECO on request during his/her audits. Page 26

30 EMPr: Mkhuphula Phase APPENDIX 1: CURRICULUM VITAE Page 27

31 CURRICULUM VITAE MAGNUS VAN ROOYEN Profession Position in Firm Area of Specialisation Qualifications Years of Experience PRINCIPAL ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTIST EXECUTIVE ASSOCIATE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS, SCOPING REPORTS, PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, MINING RIGHT AND PERMIT APPLICATIONS, ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL OFFICER DUTIES; ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMMES, STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS, WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT PLANS, ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS. BSc (Botany and Zoology), BSc (Hons), Post Graduate Certificate in Education (Science and Biology), MPhil. (Environmental Management) 14 Years with Firm 13 SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE Mr Van Rooyen is currently an Executive Associate and the Regional Head of the Environmental Division of a National Consulting Engineering Firm in South Africa. He is located in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu- Natal. In addition to holding a Masters degree in Environmental Management, he also holds a BSc degree in Botany and Zoology, an Honors Degree in Botany and a Post Graduate Certificate in Education. He has 13 years experience in projects involving Environmental Impact Assessments in various developmental sectors (Mining and Agricultural Sector, National Roads, Pipelines, Dams, and Residential Developments), conducting of Specialist Biodiversity Assessments associated with Environmental Impact Assessments and Project Feasibility Studies. He has experience in the compilation of Resettlement Policy Framework Plans associated with infrastructure development projects. Mr van Rooyen has experience in working on various private and public sectors as well as rural and urban environments in various countries. Mr Van Rooyen s expertise lies within the large infrastructure development and mining sector where he has gained extensive exposure to all the aspects of projects from the pre-feasibility, environmental impact assessment and implementation and monitoring stages. In addition, he has conducted Due Diligence Assessments as well as Environmental Compliance Monitoring and Management of a variety of infrastructure development, energy and mining sites. CV FULL MVR 01/2019 Page 1 of 21

32 EDUCATION Date (from to): Degree/Institution: Date (from to): 1999 Degree/Institution: Date (from to): 2001 BSc Botany & Zoology (Stellenbosch University) Special Student - Department of Agriculture (Stellenbosch University) Degree/Institution: BSc Honnours Botany (Stellenbosch University ) Date (from to): 2002 Degree/Institution: Date (from to) Degree/Institution: Post Graduate Certificate in Education (Stellenbosch University) Masters Degree in Environmental Management (Stellenbosch University) Other Training: Jeffares and Green Consulting Engineers and Environmental Consultants Accelerated Development Programme 2014: Wetland Delineation and Modeling Course Rhodes University 2015: Wetland Buffer Determination Course Water Research Commission EMPLOYMENT RECORD Date (from to) 1999 Location Witley Bay, Northumberland, United Kingdom Employer Marden Bridge Middle School Position(s) Physical Education Teacher Description Physical Educator associated with the Marden Bridge Middle School Sport Centre. Date (from to) 2000 Location Bradenton, Florida, USA Employer Gene s Citrus Ranch Position(s) Farm Manager Description Management of the day to day operations of an export citrus farm Date (from to) Location Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa Employer Paul Roos Gymnasium Position(s) Biology Teacher Description Teaching the South African Biology curriculum to high school pupils. Date (from to) Location Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa Employer Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 2 of 21

33 Position(s) Description Junior Lecturer in Botany Lectured the Botany practical component of the first-year Natural Science Degree. Date (from to) Location Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa Employer Department of Conservation Ecology, University of Stellenbosch Position(s) Biodiversity Researcher Description Conducted field work, sampling, laboratory work and logistics associated with two projects within the Conservation Ecology Department Date (from to) Location Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Employer Jeffares & Green (Pty) Ltd Consulting Engineers Position(s) Environmental Scientist Description Conducted field work, complete Applications for Environmental Authorisation (Basic Assessments and Full Scoping and EIAs) Date (from to) Location Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Employer Jeffares & Green (Pty) Ltd Consulting Engineers Position(s) Senior Environmental Scientist Description Managing a team of scientists conducting field work, completing Applications for Environmental Authorisation (Basic Assessments and Full Scoping and EIAs) Conducting specialist wetland, biodiversity and ecological assessments for a range of infrastructure projects. Date (from to) Location Employer Position(s) Description present Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa JG Afrika (Pty) Ltd (previously Jeffars & Green (Pty) Ltd) Principal Environmental Consultant Responsible for the management and operation of the Environmental Business unit. Conducting specialist wetland, biodiversity and ecological assessments for a range of infrastructure projects. SPECIFIC EXPERIENCE Port and Rail Projects Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed expansion of Pier 1 within the Port of Durban Transnet SOC Project duration/date: January 2014 December 2016 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Project management duties associated with the Application for Environmental Authorisation and associated specialist studies for the CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 3 of 21

34 proposed expansions to the Pier 1 in the Port of Durban. The Project Management Duties also included the management of the programme, cashflows, invoicing and contractual matters relating to the NEC3 contract. Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed Locomotive Turn Table on the coal line in the Port of Richards Bay Transnet SOC Project duration/date: April 2010 to December 2010 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Project management duties associated with the Application for Environmental Authorisation and associated specialist studies for the proposed expansions to the Locomotive Turn Table in the Port of Richards Bay. The Project Management Duties also included the management of the programme, cashflows, invoicing and contractual matters relating to the NEC3 contract. Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed additional rail line into the Richards Bay Coal Terminal in the Port of Richards Bay Transnet SOC Project duration/date: March 2011 to October 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Project management duties associated with the Application for Environmental Authorisation and associated specialist studies for the proposed expansions to the additional rail line into the Richards Bay Coal Terminal in the Port of Richards Bay. The Project Management Duties also included the management of the programme, cashflows, invoicing and contractual matters relating to the NEC3 contract. Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed Ore Handling Facility near the village of Konta, Guinea, West Africa Bellzone Project duration/date: Augusts 2012 to February 2013 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Project management duties associated with the Application for Environmental Authorisation and associated specialist studies for the proposed expansion of the Ore Handling Facility near the village of Konta, Guinea, West Africa. The Project Management Duties also included the management of the programme, cashflows, invoicing and contractual matters relating to the General Conditions of Contract (GCC). Project duration/date: September 2017 Environmental Monitoring Duties for all the RME construction and maintenance projects within the Port of Durban Transnet SOC Job Title and Duties: Environmental Management of the construction and maintenance of structures and infrastructure within the Port of Durban for a duration of 3 years. The duties included conducting daily construction monitoring for the CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 4 of 21

35 various projects as well as the submission of monthly audit reports to the client. Feasibility Study for the expansion of the cement handling facilities in Lichtenburg and Delmas Jeffares & Green (Pty) Ltd Project Duration/date: August 2010 Job Title and Duties: Environmental component of the Feasibility Study for the expansion of the cement handling facilities. Duties included legal compliance with the Environmental Management suite of legislation as well as addressing the biodiversity aspect of the project. Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed De Jaagersdrift Coal Siding De Jaagersdrift Colliery Project duration/date: August 2008 Job Title and Duties: Environmental Impact Assessment for the development of a coal siding at the existing De Jaagersdrift railway siding, near Dundee. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed Glencoe Coal Siding Miranda Minerals Project duration/date: June 2008 Job Title and Duties: Environmental Impact Assessment for the reopening and expansion of a coal siding at the Glencoe railway station in Glencoe. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Mining Projects Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Thubelihle Colliery near Glencoe Thubelihle Mining Project duration/date: July 2006 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Thubelihle Colliery near Glencoe. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Uithoek Colliery near Glencoe Miranda Minerals Project duration/date: September 2006 CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 5 of 21

36 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Uithoek Colliery near Glencoe. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Burnside Colliery near Glencoe Miranda Minerals Project duration/date: July 2007 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Burnside Colliery near Glencoe. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Rourke s Drift Coal Mine, near Dundee Ultimate Goal (Pty) Ltd Project duration/date: January 2008 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Ultimate Goal Colliery near Glencoe. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Sesikhona Colliery near Dannhauser Miranda Coal Project duration/date: September 2010 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Sesikhona Colliery near Dannhauser. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Afrimat Ladysmith Hard Rock Quarry Afrimat Project Duration/date: July 2010 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Afrimat Hard Rock Quarry near Ladysmith. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 6 of 21

37 Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Taylor s Halt Hard Rock Quarry Canton Trading (Pty) Ltd Project duration/date: June 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Taylor s Halt Hard Rock Quarry near Pietermaritzburg. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the umtamvuna Hard Rock Quarry South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: July 2008 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the SANRAL Hard Rock Quarry near umtamvuna. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Amasundu Dolerite Quarry Amasundu (Pty) Ltd Project duration/date: June 2007 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the mining right for the Amasundu Dolerite Quarry near Mtunzini. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Lodestone Magnetite Mine in Namibia Lodesone (Pty) Ltd Project duration/date: September 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the Lodestone Magnetite Mine in Namibia. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. The duties also included the completion of the Environmental Rehabilitation Plan. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the expansion of the Konta Port Ore Loading Facility Bellzone Project duration/date: May 2013 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the expansion of ore loading facility near the village of Konta in Guinea. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. The duties also included the CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 7 of 21

38 completion of the Asset Register associated with the Resettlement Action Framework. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the 80km of gravel haul road Bellzone Project duration/date: October 2013 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for the 80km of ore haul road from the mine at Forecaria to the loading facility near the village of Konta in Guinea. The duties included the management of the process, public participation and report compilation and submission to the relevant authorities. Project duration/date: Job Title and Duties: Project duration/date: Job Title and Duties: Performance Assessment and Monitoring audits for various mines Afrimat, Miranda Coal, Midmar Cruhsers, Amasundu Gravel, Lancaster Quarries, Ballito Crushers, etc. Ongoing Conducting the Performance Assessment and Monitoring audits for various mining operations on an annual basis. Calculation and updates of the quantum for Financial Provision for various mines Afrimat, Miranda Coal, Midmar Cruhsers, Amasundu Gravel, Lancaster Quarries, Ballito Crushers, etc. ongoing Conducting the calculation and updates of the quantum for Financial Provision for rehabilitation for various mines. Due diligence assessment for the sale of the Klipwal Gold Mine near Pongola Miranda Minerals Project duration/date: June 2009 Job Title and Duties: Environmental Lead Due diligence and risk assessment associated with the sale of the Klipwal Gold Mine. The assessment considered the legislated requirements of the mining operations as well as the environmental liabilities and risks that must be considered during the sale. Due diligence assessment on the Swakop Uranium Mine on behalf of the South African Public Investment Corporation Public Investment Corporation Project duration/date: October 2016 Job Title and Duties: Environmental Lead Due diligence and risk assessment associated potential risk associated with investment in the Swakop Uranium Mine by the South African Public Investment Corporation. The assessment considered the environmental liabilities and risks that the investors may be exposed to. CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 8 of 21

39 Roads Projects Upgrading of the R30 between Beatrix Mine and Virginia South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: September 2009 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the R30 between Beatrix Mine and Virginia in the Free State. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Upgrading of the R30 between Glen Lyon and Brandfort Project duration/date: September 2009 South African National Roads Agency Limited Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the R30 between Glen Lyon and Brandfort in the Free State. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Road 3 Chota Motala Road Interchange South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: May 2010 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 3 Chota Motala Road Interchange in Pietermaritzburg. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Road 3 New England Road Interchange South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: August 2007 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 3 New England Road Interchange in Pietermaritzburg. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 3 Epworth Road Interchange South African National Roads Agency Limited CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 9 of 21

40 Project duration/date: September 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 3 Epworth Road Interchange in Pietermaritzburg. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 3 Market Road Interchange South African National Roads Agency Limited Project Duration/date: July 2016 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 3 Market Road Interchange in Pietermaritzburg. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 2 umgeni Road Interchange South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: August 2010 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 2 umgeni Road Interchange in Durban. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 2 umhlanga Interchange South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: July 2012 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 2 umhlanga Interchange in Durban. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 2, section 27 uthongati River to the Tongaat Toll Plaza South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: June 2012 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 2, section 27 form the uthongati River to the Tongaat Toll Plaza in KwaZulu- Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 10 of 21

41 public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 11, section 7 Nkunzi River to Fort Mistake South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: September 2010 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 11, section 7 form the Nkunzi River to the Fort Mistake in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 3 Key Ridge Viaduct South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: May 2012 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 3, Key Ridge Viaduct in KwaZulu-Natal.. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 2 Edwin Swales Interchange South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: October 2016 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the the National Route 2 Edwin Swales Interchange in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. National Route 5, section 22 to 27 South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: January 2008 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading of the National Route 5, section 22 to 27 in the Free State. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Pipeline Projects CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 11 of 21

42 Mooi - Mpofana Bulk Water Supply Pipeline umgeni Water Project duration/date: September 2012 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of the Mooi Mpofana Bulk Water Supply Pipeline in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Bhekuzulu Rural Water Supply Scheme Sukuma Consulting Engineers Project duration/date: April 2016 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of the Bhekuzulu Rural Water Supply Pipeline in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Wembezi Rural Water Supply Scheme JG Afrika (Pty) Ltd Project duration/date: May 2017 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of the Wembezi Rural Water Supply Pipeline in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Manguzi Rural Water Supply Scheme JG Afrika (Pty) Ltd Project duration/date: June 2017 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of the Manguzi Rural Water Supply Pipeline in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Raising of the Nacala Dam Project duration/date: September 2012 Millennium Challenge Account - Mozambique CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 12 of 21

43 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the upgrading and raising of the Nacala Dam in Mozambique. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. KwaHlokohloko Rural Water Supply Scheme MNA Consulting Engineers Project Duration/date: July 2010 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of the KwaHlokohloko Rural Water Supply Pipeline in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Hillside Aluminium Smelter Desalination Plant South 32 Project duration/date: March 2017 Job Title and Duties: Environmental Project Manager Environmental Screening Assessment for the establishment of a desalination plant to augment the production water supply to the Hillside Aluminium Smelter in Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal. Mozal Aluminium Smelter Desalination Plant South 32 Project duration/date: July 2017 Job Title and Duties: Environmental Project Manager Environmental Screening Assessment for the establishment of a desalination plant to augment the production water supply to the Mozal Aluminium Smelter in Maputo, Mozambique. This included the management of the specialist studies associated with the feasibility study for the proposal. Camperdown Waste Water Treatment System MNA Consulting Engineers Project duration/date: June Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of Camperdown Sanitation Project in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. KwaJobe Rural Water Supply Scheme Jeffares & Green (Pty) Ltd CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 13 of 21

44 Project duration/date: September 2012 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of the KwaJobe Rural Water Supply Pipeline in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Underberg Sanitation System Sisonke District Municipality Project duration/date: May 2006 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of Underberg Sanitation Project in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Himeville Sanitation System Sisonke District Municipality Project duration/date: October 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of Himeville Sanitation Project in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Private and Public Sector Development Projects Provincial Legislature Precinct KwaZulu-Natal Department of Public Works Project duration/date: September 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the establishment of the KwaZulu- Natal Legislative Precinct in Pietermaritzburg in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Camps Drift Mixed Used Development Ocean Spray Investments Project duration/date: April 2008 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the establishment of the Camps Drift mixed use development in Pietermaritzburg in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 14 of 21

45 included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Jozini Tiger Lodge Anton Brecher Project duration/date: May 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the establishment of the housing development associated with the Tiger Lodge in Jozini, in KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Jozini Paradise Lodge Gert Ferreira Project duration/date: August 2011 Job Title and Duties: Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the establishment of the Paradise Lodge in Jozini, KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. enyokeni Palace Expansion Project duration/date: March 2014 Job Title and Duties: KwaZulu-Natal Department of Arts and Culture Project Manager Environmental Impact Assessment for the expansion of the enyokeni Palace near Nongoma, KwaZulu-Natal. Duties included the management of the EIA process including the public participation, specialist assessments and report compilation for submission to the relevant authority. Biodiversity and Wetland Assessment Projects Phalanndwa Coal Mine Biodiversity and Wetland Assessment ukhozi Environmentalists Project duration/date: September 2017 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the Phalanndwa Coal Mine Expansion near Delmas. CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 15 of 21

46 Lephalale Coal Mine Biodiversity and Wetland Assessment Kongiwe Environmental Consultants Project duration/date: April to August 2017 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the Lephalale Coal Mine near Lephalale. Riversdale Coal Mine Wetland Assessment Nzingwe Consultancy Project duration/date: May 2017 Job Title and Duties: Wetland Specialist Undertaking the wetland specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation and the Water Use Licence Application for the Riversdale Coal Mine near Vryheid. SAPPI Saiccor Wetland Assessment WSP Environmental Project duration/date: August 2017 Job Title and Duties: Wetland Specialist Undertaking the wetland specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the construction of flood protection measures associated with the SAPPI Saiccor Mill, umkomaas. 11 th Avenue Interchange Wetland Assessment WSP Environmental Project duration/date: September 2017 Job Title and Duties: Wetland Specialist Undertaking the wetland specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the construction of the 11 th Avenue Interchange, Durban SAPPI Saiccor Alien Invasive Plant Risk Assessment WSP Environmental Project Duration/date: July 2017 Job Title and Duties: Vegetation Specialist Undertaking of the risk assessment of the presence of various listed category I and II alien invasive plant species on the SAPPI Saiccor Mill site, umkomaas. CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 16 of 21

47 Uithoek Colliery Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment Miranda Minerals Project duration/date: August 2008 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Mining Right Application for the establishment of the Uithoek Colliery, Dundee. Burnside Colliery Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment Miranda Minerals Project duration/date: July 2007 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Mining Right Application for the establishment of the Burnside Colliery, Dundee. Ultimate Goal Colliery Biodiversity Assessment Ultimate Goal Project duration/date: June 2006 Job Title and Duties: Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Mining Right Application for the establishment of the Ultimate Goal Colliery, Dundee. Sesikhona Colliery Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment Miranda Minerals Project duration/date: September 2008 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Mining Right Application for the establishment of the Sesikhona Colliery, Dannhauser. Taylors Halt Quarry Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment Canton Trading Project duration/date: May 2006 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Mining Right Application for the establishment of the Taylor Halt Quarry, Pietermaritzburg. Ladysmith Quarry Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment Afrimat Project duration/date: October 2011 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 17 of 21

48 Undertaking the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Mining Right Application for the establishment of the Afrimat Quarry, Ladysmith. umtamvuna Quarry Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: January 2005 Job Title and Duties: Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking the biodiversity specialist study in support of the Mining Right Application for the establishment of the SANRAL Quarry, Kokstad. N3 Epworth Road Interchange Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: September 2010 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the upgrading of the N3 Epworth Road Interchange, Pietermaritzburg N3 Chota Motala Road Interchange Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: June 2009 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the upgrading of the N3 Chota Motala Road Interchange, Pietermaritzburg. N3 Market Road Interchange Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: October 2016 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the upgrading of the N3 Market Road Interchange, Pietermaritzburg. N2 umgeni Road Interchange Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: June 2012 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the upgrading of the N2 umgeni Road Interchange, Durban. N2 Mt Edgecombe Interchange Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 18 of 21

49 Project duration/date: December 2012 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the upgrading of the N2 Mt Edgecombe Interchange, Durban. R30 Glen Lyon to Brandfort Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: June 2008 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the upgrading of the R30 between Glen Lyon and Brandfort. R30 Virginia to Beatrix Mine Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment South African National Roads Agency Limited Project duration/date: October 2008 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the upgrading of the R30 between Virginia and Beatrix Mine. Nacala Dam rehabilitation Biodiversity Assessment Millennium Challenge Account - Mozambique Project duration/date: June 2010 Job Title and Duties: Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for an Environmental Permit for the rehabilitation and raising of the Nacala Dam, Mozambique. Bhangazi Community Tented Camp Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment Environmental Resources Management Project duration/date: March 2017 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the establishment of the Bhangazi Community Tented Camp in the isimangoliso Wetland Park, St. Lucia. SAPPI Ngodwana Mill Expansion Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment WSP Environmental Project duration/date: June 2010 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the expansion of the Ngodwana Mill, Waterval Boven. CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 19 of 21

50 ESKOM 22 kva Lines Vegetation Assessments ESKOM Soc Project duration/date: January 2015 Job Title and Duties: Vegetation Specialist Undertaking of vegetation assessments for the establishment of various 22kVA electrification lines in KwaZulu-Natal. Tombo to Mafini 300kVA Line Vegetation Assessments ESKOM Soc Project duration/date: January 2014 Job Title and Duties: Vegetation Specialist Undertaking of vegetation assessment for the route alignment of the 300kVA high voltage electricity line from the Tombo Substation to Mafini, Port St. Johns. Port St. Johns Water Treatment Works Wetland and Biodiversity Assessment Element Consulting Engineers Project duration/date: January 2014 Job Title and Duties: Wetland and Biodiversity Specialist Undertaking of the wetland and biodiversity specialist study in support of the Application for Environmental Authorisation for the establishment of the Port St. Johns Water Treatment Works, Port St. Johns. CONTINUED PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Courses, Conferences & Workshops 2013 (September) - IAIAsa National Conference (November) - New Techniques and Methods in EIA (Workshop) 2014 (September) - Wetland Identification and Delineation (Short Course) 2014 (September) - Wetland Modelling and Assessment (Short Course) 2014 (September) - Introduction to Wetland Rehabilitation (Short Course) 2015 (February) EIA Regulations in Context (Seminar) 2015 (April) - Wetland Buffer Determination (Workshop) 2016 (July) - Department of Water Affairs (c) & (i)training (Workshop) 2017 (February) - IAIAsa & EDTEA EIA Regulations Overview (Seminar) 2017 (May) - Legislative Amendments to the EIA Regulations (2014) (Training Course) 2017 (May) - Filtration & Drainage with Geosynthetics (Training Course) PERSONAL DETAILS Nationality South African CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 20 of 21

51 Date of Birth 4 September 1976 Domicile Wartburg, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Languages Language reading speaking writing English Excellent Excellent Excellent Afrikaans Excellent Excellent Excellent German Fair Fair Poor Dutch Fair Fair Poor Zulu Poor Communication Poor PROFESSIONAL REGISTRATION AND SOCIETY MEMBERSHIP: Professionally registered with the South African Council for Natural Scientific Professionals (SACNASP Reg. No /11) International Association of Impact Assessors South Africa Suite, membership number 1839 CV FULL MVR 01/2018 Page 21 of 21

52 CURRICULUM VITAE LIZ DRALLE Profession Position in Firm Area of Specialisation Qualifications Years of Experience Years with Firm Environmental Assessment Practitioner Senior Environmental Scientist Environmental Impact Assessment BSc (Hons) (Env Mgmt), BSc (Env Mgmt) 12 Years 5 Years SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE Liz Dralle graduated from the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, with a BSc. Honours (cum laude) degree in Environmental Management. The focus of her studies included Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), Geomorphology, Coastal Geomorphology, Biogeography, Natural Recourse Management, Sustainable Land Use, Climate Change and City Planning. Her Honours dissertation project involved an investigation into the possible benefits of Vetiver Grass as a soil erosion control medium. On completion of her degree, Liz was employed by Afzelia Environmental Consultants cc. in the capacity of Environmental Consultant, specializing in agricultural and linear Basic Assessments. She was based in Nottingham Road, KZN Midlands. After one year at Afzelia Environmental Consultants, Liz moved to Durban, where was employed in the capacity of Environmental Scientist with SRK Consulting (Pty) Ltd. At SRK Consulting (Pty) Ltd, Liz was involved in a multitude of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs), focusing mainly on Industrial EIAs. Liz was also involved in several Equator Principle projects and also undertook the role as Environmental Control Officer (ECO) for several monitoring projects. In 2010, Liz was approached by Environmental Impact Management Services (Pty) Ltd, to act as full time ECO for the Transnet New Multi-Purpose Pipeline (NMPP) Project, running from the Port of Durban to Johannesburg. Liz s role was to undertake daily Environmental Site Audits of her designated area, which started from Ashburton, just outside of Pietermaritzburg, to the Tugela River crossing on the N3. In total, a length of 151km. Further responsibilities included borrow pit identification, Public Participation in the form of monthly Community Liaison Forums, one-to-one interaction with affected landowners, as well as designated Land Liaison Officers. Contractor interaction was required on a daily basis, as well as specialist interaction, specific to the rehabilitation of wetlands, post construction. After a year on the NMPP Project, Liz joined JEC Environmental Services cc in the capacity of Environmental Consultant. Here Liz undertook several EIAs, focusing mainly on the agricultural sector in the form of piggery and cultivation of virgin land applications, as well as biogas installations. Liz also undertook several Waste Licence Applications. In May 2014, Liz joined Terratest (Pty) Ltd in the position of Environmental Scientist and was promoted to Senior Environmental Scientist in At Terratest (Pty) Ltd, Liz is responsible for undertaking a range of Mining Permit and Mining Right Applications pertinent to the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act (Act 28 of 2002), as well as applications made in terms of the National Environmental Management Act (Act 107 of 1998) and the National Water Act (Act 36 of 1998). Liz is an Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (IEMA) certified Environmental Auditor. She prescribes to the International Association for Impact Assessment South Africa (IAIAsa) code of conduct and has been a member since She has also served on the KZN IAIAsa branch committee. CV FULL L DRALLE 01/2019 Page 1 of 21