# TABLE 1. Q BSP SENIOR BANK LOAN OFFICERS' SURVEY RESULTS FOR INDIVIDUAL QUESTIONS. I. Loans or credit lines to enterprises

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1 TABLE 1. Q BSP SENIOR BANK LOAN OFFICERS' SURVEY RESULTS FOR INDIVIDUAL QUESTIONS I. Loans or credit lines to enterprises 1. In Q4 2015, how have your bank's credit standards, in general (in terms of enforcement and policies), changed relative to Q3 2015, apart from the normal seasonal fluctuations? Middle-Market Top Corporations Large Middle-Market Small and Medium Micro Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Tightened considerably Tightened somewhat Remained basically unchanged Eased somewhat Eased considerably Total Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + % of respondents selecting tightened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + % of respondents selecting eased somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + (% of respondents selecting tightened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + (% of respondents selecting eased somewhat ) x 0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on.

2 2.1. If your bank has eased its credit standards for loans to enterprises in Q (that is, your answer to question no. 1 is either "Eased considerably" or "Eased somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this easing? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Factors Affecting Credit Standards a. An improvement in the profitability of your bank's portfolio b. An improvement in the liquidity of your bank's portfolio c. A more favorable or less uncertain economic outlook d. Less strict financial system regulations e. An improvement in industry- or firm-specific outlook 1) Manufacturing 2) Agriculture, Hunting, and Forestry 3) Real Estate, Renting, and Business Services 4) Wholesale and Retail Trade 5) Financial Intermediation 6) Electricity, Gas, and Water f. More aggressive competition from banks and non-bank lenders (other financial intermediaries or the capital markets) g. Increased deposit base of your bank h. Increased access of your bank to money or bond market financing i. An increased tolerance for risk j. An improvement in borrowers' profile Middle Market Top Corporations Large Middle Small and Micro Market Medium

3 2.2. If your bank has tightened its credit standards for loans to enterprises in Q (that is, your answer to question no. 1 is either "Tightened considerably" or "Tightened somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this tightening? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Factors Affecting Credit Standards a. Deterioration in the profitability of your bank's portfolio b. Deterioration in the liquidity of your bank's portfolio c. A less favorable or more uncertain economic outlook d. Stricter financial system regulations e. A worsening of industry- or firm-specific outlook 1) Manufacturing 2) Agriculture, Hunting, and Forestry 3) Real Estate, Renting, and Business Services 4) Wholesale and Retail Trade 5) Financial Intermediation 6) Electricity, Gas, and Water f. Less aggressive competition from banks and non-bank lenders (other financial intermediaries or the capital markets) g. Decreased deposit base of your bank h. Decreased access of your bank to money or bond market financing i. A reduced tolerance for risk j. A deterioration of borrowers' profile Top Corporations Large Middle Market Middle Market Small* and Medium* Micro*

5 3. In Q4 2015, how have your bank's specific credit standards changed relative to Q3 2015? OVERALL Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans 1/ b. Size of credit lines 2/ c. Collateral requirements 3/ d. Loan covenants 3/ e. Maturity 4/ f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Top Corporations Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans 1/ b. Size of credit lines 2/ c. Collateral requirements 3/ d. Loan covenants 3/ e. Maturity 4/ f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Large Middle-Market Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans 1/ b. Size of credit lines 2/ c. Collateral requirements 3/ d. Loan covenants 3/ e. Maturity 4/ f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/

6 Small and Medium Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans 1/ b. Size of credit lines 2/ c. Collateral requirements 3/ d. Loan covenants 3/ e. Maturity 4/ f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Micro Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans 1/ b. Size of credit lines 2/ c. Collateral requirements 3/ d. Loan covenants 3/ e. Maturity 4/ f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Notes: 1 "- -" widened considerably; "-" widened somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" narrowed somewhat; "+ +" narrowed considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting widened considerably + % of respondents selecting widened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting narrowed considerably + % of respondents selecting narrowed somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting widened considerably + (% of respondents selecting widened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting narrowed considerably + (% of respondents selecting narrowed somewhat ) x "- -" reduced considerably; "-" reduced somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" increased somewhat; "+ +" increased considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting reduced considerably + % of respondents selecting reduced somewhat + *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + % of respondents selecting increased somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting reduced considerably + (% of respondents selecting reduced somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + (% of respondents selecting increased somewhat ) x "- -" tightened considerably; "-" tightened somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" eased somewhat; "+ +" eased considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + % of respondents selecting tightened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + % of respondents selecting eased somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + (% of respondents selecting tightened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + (% of respondents selecting eased somewhat ) x "- -" shortened considerably; "-" shortened somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" lengthened somewhat; "+ +" lengthened considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting shortened considerably + % of respondents selecting shortened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting lengthened considerably + % of respondents selecting lengthened somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting shortened considerably + (% of respondents selecting shortened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting lengthened considerably + (% of respondents selecting lengthened somewhat ) x / More use implies tightening The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on.

7 4. In the next quarter, how are your banks' credit standards for loans to enterprises likely to change (apart from seasonal variations)? Middle-Market Top Corporations Large Middle-Market Small and Medium Micro Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Will tighten considerably Will tighten somewhat Will remain basically unchanged Will ease somewhat Will ease considerably Total Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting will tighten considerably + % of respondents selecting will tighten somewhat + *% of respondents selecting will ease considerably + % of respondents selecting will ease somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting will tighten considerably + (% of respondents selecting will tighten somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting will ease considerably + (% of respondents selecting will ease somewhat ) x 0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on.

8 5.1. If your bank would likely ease its credit standards for loans to enterprises in the next quarter (that is, your answer to question no. 4 is either "Will ease considerably" or "Will ease somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this easing? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Factors Affecting Credit Standards Top Corporations Large Middle Market Middle Market Small and Medium Micro a. An improvement in the profitability of your bank's portfolio b. An improvement in the liquidity of your bank's portfolio c. A more favorable or less uncertain economic outlook d. Less strict financial system regulations e. An improvement in industry- or firm-specific outlook 1) Manufacturing 2) Agriculture, Hunting, and Forestry 3) Real Estate, Renting, and Business Services 4) Wholesale and Retail Trade 5) Financial Intermediation 6) Electricity, Gas, and Water f. More aggressive competition from banks and non-bank lenders (other financial intermediaries or the capital markets) g. Increased deposit base of your bank h. Increased access of your bank to money or bond market financing i. An increased tolerance for risk j. An improvement in borrowers' profile

9 5.2. If your bank would likely tighten its credit standards for loans to enterprises in the next quarter (that is, your answer to question no. 4 is either "Will tighten considerably" or "Will tighten somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this tightening? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Middle Market Factors Affecting Credit Standards Top Corporations Large Middle Market Small and Medium Micro a. Deterioration in the profitability of your bank's portfolio b. Deterioration in the liquidity of your bank's portfolio c. A less favorable or more uncertain economic outlook d. Stricter financial system regulations e. A worsening of industry- or firm-specific outlook 1) Manufacturing 2) Agriculture, Hunting, and Forestry 3) Real Estate, Renting, and Business Services 4) Wholesale and Retail Trade 5) Financial Intermediation 6) Electricity, Gas, and Water f. Less aggressive competition from banks and non-bank lenders (other financial intermediaries or the capital markets) g. Decreased deposit base of your bank h. Decreased access of your bank to money or bond market financing i. A reduced tolerance for risk j. A deterioration of borrowers' profile

11 6. In Q4 2015, how has the demand for loans or credit lines to enterprises changed relative to Q3 2015, apart from the normal seasonal fluctuations? Middle-Market Top Corporations Large Middle-Market Small and Medium Micro Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Decreased considerably Decreased somewhat Remained basically unchanged Increased somewhat Increased considerably Total Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + % of respondents selecting increased somewhat + *% of respondents selecting decreased considerably + % of respondents selecting decreased somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + % of respondents selecting increased somewhat *0.5+ *% of respondents selecting decreased considerably + % of respondents selecting decreased somewhat *0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on If demand for loans from enterprises has increased at your bank in Q (that is, your answer to question no. 6 is either "Increased considerably" or "Increased somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this increase? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Middle Market Factors Affecting Credit Demand Top Corporations Large Middle Market Small and Medium Micro a. Increased customer inventory financing needs b. Increased customer accounts receivable financing needs c. Increased customer investment in plant or equipment d. Decreased customers' internally-generated funds e. Improvement in customers' economic outlook f. Lack of other sources of funds g. Your bank's more attractive financing terms h. Lower interest rates

13 8. In the next quarter, how is demand for loans from enterprises likely to change (apart from seasonal variations)? Middle-Market Top Corporations Large Middle-Market Small and Medium Micro Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Will decrease considerably Will decrease somewhat Will remain basically unchanged Will increase somewhat Will increase considerably Total Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting will increase considerably + % of respondents selecting will increase somewhat + *% of respondents selecting will decrease considerably + % of respondents selecting will decrease somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting will increase considerably + % of respondents selecting will increase somewhat *0.5+ *% of respondents selecting "will decrease considerably + % of respondents selecting will decrease somewhat *0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on If you expect demand for loans from enterprises to increase at your bank in the next quarter (that is, your answer to question no. 8 is either "Will increase considerably" or "Will increase somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this increase? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Middle Market Factors Affecting Credit Demand Top Corporations Large Middle Market Small and Medium Micro a. Increased customer inventory financing needs b. Increased customer accounts receivable financing needs c. Increased customer investment in plant or equipment d. Decreased customers' internally-generated funds e. Improvement in customers' economic outlook f. Lack of other sources of funds g. Your bank's more attractive financing terms h. Lower interest rates

15 II. Loans or credit lines to households 10. In Q4 2015, how have your bank's credit standards, in general (in terms of enforcement and policies), changed relative to Q3 2015, apart from the normal seasonal fluctuations? Housing Loans Credit Card Loans Auto Loans Personal/Salary Loans Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Tightened considerably Tightened somewhat Remained basically unchanged Eased somewhat Eased considerably Total Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + % of respondents selecting tightened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + % of respondents selecting eased somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + (% of respondents selecting tightened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + (% of respondents selecting eased somewhat ) x 0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on If your bank has eased its credit standards for loans to households in Q (that is, your answer to question no. 10 is either "Eased considerably" or "Eased somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this easing? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Factors Affecting Credit Standards Housing Loans Credit Card Loans Auto Loans Personal/ Salary Loans a. An improvement in the profitability of your bank's portfolio b. An improvement in the liquidity of your bank's portfolio c. A more favorable or less uncertain economic outlook d. Less strict financial system regulations e. More aggressive competition from banks and non-bank lenders (other financial intermediaries or the capital markets) f. Increased deposit base of your bank g. Increased access of your bank to money or bond market financing h. An increased tolerance for risk i. An improvement in borrowers' profile

17 12. In Q4 2015, how have your bank's specific credit standards changed relative to Q3 2015? OVERALL Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans b. Size of credit lines c. Collateral requirements d. Loan covenants e. Maturity f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Housing Loans Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans b. Size of credit lines c. Collateral requirements d. Loan covenants e. Maturity f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Credit Card Loans Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans b. Size of credit lines c. Collateral requirements d. Loan covenants e. Maturity f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/

18 Auto Loans Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans b. Size of credit lines c. Collateral requirements d. Loan covenants e. Maturity f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Personal/Salary Loans Diffusion Index for Credit Weighted Diffusion Index Standards for Credit Standards No. of Respondents Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a. Your bank's margin on loans b. Size of credit lines c. Collateral requirements d. Loan covenants e. Maturity f. Use of interest rate floors 3/, 5/ Notes: 1 "- -" widened considerably; "-" widened somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" narrowed somewhat; "+ +" narrowed considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting widened considerably + % of respondents selecting widened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting narrowed considerably + % of respondents selecting narrowed somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting widened considerably + (% of respondents selecting widened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting narrowed considerably + (% of respondents selecting narrowed somewhat ) x "- -" reduced considerably; "-" reduced somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" increased somewhat; "+ +" increased considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting reduced considerably + % of respondents selecting reduced somewhat + *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + % of respondents selecting increased somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting reduced considerably + (% of respondents selecting reduced somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + (% of respondents selecting increased somewhat ) x "- -" tightened considerably; "-" tightened somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" eased somewhat; "+ +" eased considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + % of respondents selecting tightened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + % of respondents selecting eased somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting tightened considerably + (% of respondents selecting tightened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting eased considerably + (% of respondents selecting eased somewhat ) x "- -" shortened considerably; "-" shortened somewhat; "0" unchanged; "+" lengthened somewhat; "+ +" lengthened considerably Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting shortened considerably + % of respondents selecting shortened somewhat + *% of respondents selecting lengthened considerably + % of respondents selecting lengthened somewhat + Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting shortened considerably + (% of respondents selecting shortened somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting lengthened considerably + (% of respondents selecting lengthened somewhat ) x / More use implies tightening The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on.

19 13. In the next quarter, how are your bank's credit standards for loans to households likely to change, apart from the normal seasonal fluctuations? Housing Loans Credit Card Loans Auto Loans Personal/Salary Loans Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Will tighten considerably Will tighten somewhat Will remain basically unchanged Will ease somewhat Will ease considerably Total Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting will tighten considerably + % of respondents selecting will tighten somewhat + *% of respondents selecting will ease considerably + % of respondents selecting will ease somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Credit Standards = *% of respondents selecting will tighten considerably + (% of respondents selecting will tighten somewhat ) x 0.5+ *% of respondents selecting will ease considerably + (% of respondents selecting will ease somewhat ) x 0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on If your bank would likely ease its credit standards for loans to households in the next quarter (that is, your answer to question no. 13 is either "Will ease considerably" or "Will ease somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this easing? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Factors Affecting Credit Standards Housing Loans Credit Card Loans Auto Loans Personal/ Salary Loans a. An improvement in the profitability of your bank's portfolio b. An improvement in the liquidity of your bank's portfolio c. A more favorable or less uncertain economic outlook d. Less strict financial system regulations e. More aggressive competition from banks and non-bank lenders (other financial intermediaries or the capital markets) f. Increased deposit base of your bank g. Increased access of your bank to money or bond market financing h. An increased tolerance for risk i. An improvement in borrowers' profile

21 15. In Q4 2015, how has the demand for loans to households changed relative to Q3 2015, apart from the normal seasonal fluctuations? Housing Loans Credit Card Loans Auto Loans Personal/Salary Loans Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Decreased considerably Decreased somewhat Remained basically unchanged Increased somewhat Increased considerably Total Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + % of respondents selecting increased somewhat + *% of respondents selecting decreased considerably + % of respondents selecting decreased somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting increased considerably + % of respondents selecting increased somewhat *0.5+ *% of respondents selecting decreased considerably + % of respondents selecting decreased somewhat *0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on If demand for loans from households has increased at your bank in Q (that is, your answer to question no. 15 is either "Increased considerably" or "Increased somewhat"), to what factors do you attribute this increase? Please rate each possible reason using the following scale: 3 = very important; 2 = somewhat important; 1 = not important. Factors Affecting Credit Demand Housing Loans Credit Card Loans Auto Loans Personal/ Salary Loans a. Higher housing investment b. Higher household consumption c. Lower income prospects d. Lower interest rates e. Your bank's more attractive financing terms f. Lack of other sources of funds

23 17. In the next quarter, how is demand for loans from households likely to change, apart from the normal seasonal fluctuations? Housing Loans Credit Card Loans Auto Loans Personal/Salary Loans Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Will decrease considerably Will decrease somewhat Will remain basically unchanged Will increase somewhat Will increase considerably Total Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand Number of banks responding Notes: (a) Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting will increase considerably + % of respondents selecting will increase somewhat + *% of respondents selecting will decrease considerably + % of respondents selecting will decrease somewhat + (b) Weighted Diffusion Index for Loan Demand = *% of respondents selecting will increase considerably + % of respondents selecting will increase somewhat *0.5+ *% of respondents selecting "will decrease considerably + % of respondents selecting will decrease somewhat *0.5+ (c) The average is calculated by multiplying the number of respondents who answered a particular option with the weight assigned for that option and getting the average. A value 1 is assigned to the first available option and so on.

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