1 HIED 8315: Internet Research in Education Page 1 HIED 8315: Brief Data Analysis Assignment #1 Your final course grade will depend on completion of assignments, participation in class discussions, and your work on three papers. Your papers will be graded on content and clarity of presentation, and I have outlined on pages 2-3 the aspects of the papers that will receive special attention as part of each of these criteria. Your primary assignment is to complete a small original analysis and interpretation of online data using data variables that you select. There will be no class next week to give you a sufficient amount of time to complete the assignment in a high quality manner. Our next online class content will be available at 12noon on Tuesday, July 22 nd. Do not use data from a report or any data tables that have already been constructed. If you think you only have a basic understanding of education issues, I suggest that you focus on education issues related to your undergraduate degree program. Use one of the eight online education research resources that follow. The Shavelson and Towne chapter, Guiding Principles for Scientific Inquiry, can be a helpful guide in completing this assignment. Apply Principles #1, 3, or 4 to select some variables in one of the online data resources and generate some sort of descriptive analysis to answer the important research question you pose. Write a 5-page paper that describes the data analysis you completed to answer the question, and interpret the results of your data analysis. Like any other scholarly writing, use citations and references as appropriate in APA style to support your points. Append some kind of graph or table based on the data you analyze, and interpret the results. Be sure to analyze your results don t just describe them, tell me what they mean. What dataset did you use? What variables? Why? What question(s) were you trying to answer? What were your results? What do they mean? What is this comparison and results important? Remember, this assignment requires you to complete a basic, clear analysis of straightforward descriptive data. Report your results in terms of percentages, means, medians, modes, or whatever formats are possible in the data resource you choose. Nothing fancy. Please use APA style, Sixth edition for your citations, graphs or tables, and references. If you re unfamiliar with APA style Sixth edition or need a refresher, I have uploaded two useful quick reference guides to the Blackboard course content folder for this week.
2 HIED 8315: Internet Research in Education Page 2 Dataset Resources: There are learning curves involved with some of these online research resources, so please budget your time accordingly in order to complete this assignment in a timely manner. I ll include a blog for this assignment in this week s course content folder for you to post questions and comments, and for me to reply for everyone to read. However, don t hesitate to the contact person or account listed with each data resource. It s time to use your active learning skills. This assignment is likely to test your patience and problemsolving skills welcome to the complex world of quantitative education research! 1. United States Census Bureau s American FactFinder: Since 1975, the Census Bureau has had responsibility to produce small-area population data needed to redraw state legislative and congressional districts. Other important uses of Census data include the distribution of funds for government programs such as Medicaid; planning the right locations for schools, roads, and other public facilities; helping real estate agents and potential residents learn about a neighborhood; and identifying trends over time that can help predict future needs. Most Census data are available for many levels of geography, including states, counties, cities and towns, ZIP codes, census tracts and blocks, and much more. Visit: Click on the Guided Search' link in the left margin, and then click on the Get Me Started button. After the topics load, click on the circle button to go to a topic of your interest (e.g., People ) and click the Next button. Click the + signs to expand a topic of your interest (e.g., People à Language à English Usage ). Click the Close button in the upper right corner of the box, and click on the Geographies link in the left margin. After the Select a geographic type pulldown menu appears, click County to specify the level of analysis to complete. Then pull down the Select a state menu to expand the list of counties to add to the data analysis. Then choose two counties that you re interested in comparing (for example, Arkansas à Baxter County and Benton County ), and add them one at a time and click the Next button on the right side of the web page. if you want to look for data for a specific race or ethnic group, select it on the next page, or skip this step. This will generate a list of tables that present the data you selected. Click on the blue Advanced Search link to view all of the tables. Select one of these tables related to your professional interest, and analyze and interpret the results.
3 HIED 8315: Internet Research in Education Page 3 2. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) State Profiles tool The NAEP State Profiles tool provides key data about state-level performance in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Data are available for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools, including: * Interactive maps: Make selections quickly to view state performance for all years and the most recent demographic information. * Clear graphics: View a state's scores in NAEP mathematics, reading, science, and writing at the click of a mouse. * A comprehensive table of results: Get in-depth information about a state's NAEP performance, including achievement levels and average scale scores over time. * Comparisons: Compare a state's performance against the nation and all other states. Visit the NAEP State Profiles tool at: < nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/states/ >. Use the pull-down Select a state menu underneath the national map to choose a state and select one of the subject variables: Math, Writing, Science, or Writing. Pick a grade level and a year for each variable and click the Compare button in the far right column of the table. Review the national map and bar or line charts you created, and include the results in your paper analysis and interpretation. 3. National Science Foundation s (NSF) Science & Engineering Indicators 2012 State Data Tool Science and Engineering Indicators (SEI) is a research resource of major highquality quantitative data on the U.S. and international science and engineering enterprise. The data are indicators; quantitative representations to provide summary information on the scope, quality, and vitality of the science and engineering enterprise. The indicators reported in SEI are intended to contribute to an understanding of the current environment and to inform the development of future policies. Visit the Science & Engineering Indicators 2012 State Data Tool at: Click on the rectangular State Data Tool graphic on the far right, and then click on the blue link across from the Explore a single indicator line. Click on the blue square next to Select an Indicator [expand list], click on an indicator of your interest, and choose a table, chart or map display method. Consider appending one of the displays of results to the back of your paper to illustrate the results in your paper s analysis and interpretation.
4 HIED 8315: Internet Research in Education Page 4 4. American Federation of Teachers (AFT) dataset: The AFT Higher Education Data Center compiles data on everything from faculty salaries, to instructional staff levels, to tenure rates, to institutional revenues and expenditures on an institution by institution basis. Here are some of the analyses you can complete at the AFT Higher Education Data Center: Find recent data for your institution. Review 10 years' worth of data to help identify institutional trends. Compare your institution with others in your state or with institutions of comparable size, type and stature. Use the center's search functions to create a new comparison group. The center also provides statistics on the U.S. system of higher education as a whole a useful reference point for assessing how your institution is doing. Beyond institutions, the data center also includes information about state budgets collected by the National Association of State Budget Officers. You can analyze how a state's spending on higher education compares with other areas of its budget, or you can see how a state ranks in relation to the other 49. The data center is a powerful resource you can use to inform state legislation, or to educate members of your campus community about trends in higher education. The AFT Higher Education Data Center is located at In the Institutional Information section, click on the Compare Higher Education Institutions link, click the Create a group of similar institutions for comparison by criteria button and navigate through the data selection screens. Click Search to generate the comparison table and include the results in your paper analysis and interpretation. 5. Education Trust's College Results Online (MA students only): The College Results Online data allows you to: - Examine graduation rates and see how those rates have changed over time - Learn about universities' records graduating diverse groups of students - Compare the graduation rates of similar institutions (colleges and universities that share many characteristics and serve similar student populations) Use either the Compare Colleges data or the Advanced Search data to investigate a research question of your choice and generate comparison data for analysis and interpretation. Education Trust's College Results Online is located at:
5 HIED 8315: Internet Research in Education Page 5 6. The Institute for College Access and Success The Institute for College Access and Success web site is designed to provide a wide range of data about colleges -- information on prices and financial aid, socioeconomic, racial and other diversity, and student outcomes. The site is a resource for parents and policy makers, and allows users to build their own data sets based on the institutions and data elements of their choosing. The Institute for College Access and Success web site, College InSight, is located at: < college-insight.org >. Click on the Explore All Data tab and follow the instructions to generate comparison data on three levels. Make a selection from the College, State, or Sector category, the Variables category, and the Year(s) category. Then review and download your results, and include them in your paper analysis and interpretation. 7. U.S. Department of Education Integrated Postsecondary Education Data (IPEDS) Center. IPEDS is a system of surveys designed to collect data from all institutions and educational organizations whose primary purpose is to provide postsecondary education. The IPEDS system collects institution-level data in such areas as enrollments, program completions, faculty, staff, and finances. Visit the IPEDS Peer Analysis System at: Click on either Compare Individual Institutions or Create Group Statistics. Follow the instructions on the succeeding pages to select institutions of your interest for data analysis or comparison according to several variables, and generate output to include in the analysis and interpretation in your report. 8. Institute of Education Sciences' National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) DataLab DataLab offers a wide range of survey data collected by NCES. Use QuickStats, which is a guided table generator that allows users to produce tables. Designed for those who are new to NCES data, or those who wish to answer basic questions -- what percent of college students are from low-income families? what percent of adults are taking coursework outside of the traditional college setting? what are the teaching challenges most often cited by public school teachers? -- QuickStats provides easy access to frequently used variables in many NCES studies of students, teachers, schools, and postsecondary institutions. To view the site, please visit: To analyze data, click on the orange Quickstats Go button, then click on the small white squares in the left margin of the web page to expand and collapse
6 HIED 8315: Internet Research in Education Page 6 the variables available to complete some analyses. For example, one data analysis process is: 1. Quickstats > POSTSECONDARY > Students > Beginning College Students > enrolled for the first time in > Select. 2. Click on Student characteristics in the left margin and then scroll down to Parents' highest level of education and drag it to the Row box. Then scroll up and close the Student characteristics subcolumn and click on the Academics subcolumn and drag Remedial course 2004 to the Column box and click Create Table. Click OK to generate the table and include the results in your paper analysis and interpretation. Clarity of Presentation 1. Structure your paper and use APA style headers and sub-headers as appropriate. Paper formats may vary, but remember to include the following elements to help make your paper coherent: Cover page: Include the paper title, your Student T number (instead of name), date, and course information. No abstract or running head is necessary. Introduction: State the issue and educational context clearly (1 page). Educational Issue: a statement of the educational problem or issue to be investigated that answers the question 'Why is this important?.' Raise the key issues, support your points, and follow a logical line of argument (1 page). Research Question: the research question that you investigated and a description of the dataset source used (1 page). Results: the results of your original data analysis (1 page). Conclusion - interpretations or conclusions you can make from the results and suggest implications for policy or practice (1 page). References - Provide information only on the sources you cite in the paper. For citation and reference list, use APA style (6 th Ed.). APA 6 th Edition requires Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbers in the reference list for journal articles, but in many cases that information isn't provided. Please include DOI numbers in your references, and use this website to obtain them:< >. For best results, enter the entire APA-style formatted citation in the text box.
7 HIED 8315: Internet Research in Education Page 7 2. Grammar and spelling errors weaken strong ideas and sometimes make an argument difficult to follow. The paper grade will not depend on minor errors unless they seriously hamper the paper s ability to communicate the main points. Most errors can be identified by reading the paper aloud and revising it after a first draft. 3. Your paper must be double-spaced, use one inch margins all around, use Times New Roman font size 12, and contain no extraneous spaces between paragraphs. Please number your pages in the upper right corner. 4. your assignment in Microsoft Word format to me by 10pm on Monday, July 21 st using the Messages function in the Blackboard website. Papers submitted after July 21 st will be reduced by one whole letter grade for each day the paper is late, and papers submitted more than 5 class days after the due date will not be accepted. JVP s Writing Pet Peeves Quotes in text that aren t introduced: Tinto s 1975 model of college student attrition is the most widely accepted conceptual approach in higher education (Smith, 2010). Anthropomorphism (attributing human actions to inanimate objects): The National Center for Education Statistics found that 25% of college students have taken at least one online course. (Refer to page 69 of the APA manual for guidance). Using the phrase Since the founding of Harvard in Using the unscholarly writing strategy: According to Webster s dictionary, x is defined as... Misusing affective terms (e.g., feelings ) with cognitive concepts (e.g., thinking ): I feel that Astin s Black Box Model accurately depicts what occurs in higher education. (Refer to page 68 of the APA manual for guidance.) The misleading use of presentism ; discussing ideas or research results that are more than 5 years old and assuming that they are still current and accurate today. A journalistic writing style that includes full names, job titles, or institutional affiliations. Including article, journal, or book titles in the paper text. This is TMI. Using the editorial we, us, and our ; these words should only refer to your co-authors. Refer to APA manual pages for recommended writing strategies. Overreliance on too few sources. This sends a message of lazy scholarship to the reader. Overuse of quotes, and in particular, blocked quotes of 40 words or more.
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