1 Ceiling lifts as an intervention to reduce the risk of patient handling injuries A Literature Review First created August 19 th, 2002 Last updated May 25 th, 2006 Occupational Health & Safety Agency for Healthcare in BC # West Broadway, Vancouver, BC V6H 3X5 Note: Parts of this literature review have been included in the joint OHSAH and Interior Health project entitled A cost benefit analysis of mechanical ceiling lift installations in 16 facilities in the Interior Health Authority: An added cost or a benefit?
2 Introduction Musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) are the major source of work-related disability among healthcare workers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. The risk of musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare workers is well documented in the literature and in workers compensation claim statistics. Studies conducted in a number of countries, including Canada 11, the United States, the United Kingdom, Holland 12, China 13, Sweden 14, and Australia 15, and in a number of healthcare settings, including acute care facilities 12,13,14, extended care facilities and home care settings 16 have all found a high risk of musculoskeletal injuries among nursing personnel. Higher incidence rates of MSI have been observed in healthcare workers compared to the general population 17 and to other occupational groups 18 such as construction workers, loggers, and truck drivers 19. In Canada, the evidence is similar 20,21 with the injury rate for the healthcare sector from 1996 to 2000 higher than the average for all other industries combined 22. In 2003, the injury rate per 100 Full Time Equivalent (FTE) workers for the Acute and Long term care sectors in British Columbia (BC) were 4.0 and 8.0 respectively, while the injury rate for all other industries in BC was There is a high prevalence of back pain among nurses 5,11,24, influencing up to 81% of the nursing population with many MSIs not often reported to supervisors. Although definitions of MSI outcomes vary, the reported prevalence of upper-body musculoskeletal symptoms among nursing personnel during the past 12 months, as reviewed by Koehoorn and Sullivan 25, ranged from 24% to 60% in published studies 26,27 and for lower-body symptoms from 33% to 72% 28,29. Risk Factors Owen 30 summarizes the evidence that back injuries are a major problem for those nurses providing direct patient care. Nurses with frequent and direct physical contact with patients have been shown to have a higher incidence of back injuries than those who work with patients infrequently, and nurses who have been injured commonly report patient handling as a major cause of their injury 11,18, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35. Biomechanical analyses of spinal compressive and shear forces 36,37 and worker perceptions 38 suggest that manual lifting and transferring tasks are particularly high-risk activities. When nursing tasks are rated for the level of back stress, patient handling tasks are listed as more stressful to the back than non-patient handling tasks, both for rankings of perceived stress by nursing personnel and through biomechanical studies 39. As well, a recent survey of compensation data in BC reflects that overexertion accidents during patient handling are by far the major cause of injury claims among BC healthcare workers 40. Among the types of tasks commonly associated with patient handling, there is extensive evidence to suggest that manual lifting is a major risk factor for MSI. Nurses who generally lift more frequently have been shown to be at increased risk for MSIs 19,28,41 as have nurses who report frequently lifting heavy objects 28,42. Nurses who frequently lift heavy objects are also at higher risk for herniated disc and genital prolapse 43. Similarly, both heavy and repetitive lifting has been identified as major risk factors for back injuries in a number of professions 44. Manual patient handling such as lifting and transfer patients/residents from one destination to another has been identified as a high risk activity 7,33,45. The risk on the musculoskeletal system is due to: the weight or required force to lift/transfer or reposition a patient/resident, the horizontal and vertical location of the patient/resident relative to the healthcare worker, the frequency, duration and orientation of lifting, stability of the patient, workplace geometry, and environment 36, 46, 47, 48. The
3 potential for injury is not only due to overcoming a heavy patient/resident s body weight, but is further compounded by the patient s size, shape, deformities, level of fatigue, cognitive functioning, cooperation as well as the worker s physical impairments or lower limb function, balance, and coordination 7,49. Cognitively impaired patients/residents can be unpredictable and may suddenly become combative, resist efforts, or go limp during a transfer, causing a nurse to lose balance and/or make sudden unexpected movements. These sudden unexpected movements and resultant muscular contractions can cause high muscular forces within the erector spinae of approximately % of one s Maximum Voluntary Contraction (MVC) 50 leading to fatigue and possible failure of the muscles surrounding the lumbar spine 51, 52, 53. In addition to the risk from lifting heavy weights, several recent biomechanical studies examining a range of nursing activities found that many nursing postures are poor and that poor posture was a risk factor for lower back pain among the nurses examined 54. Working in a stooped, bent or twisted position has been listed as a risk factor in several other studies of nurses 7,42,54 and has been well documented in biomechanical studies as a cause of MSI. As well, in a study comparing occupational lifting between nursing aides and warehouse workers, it was suggested that nursing aides perform more lifts of long duration in awkward postures, do more carrying, exert horizontal force more often, and are exposed to more unexpected rapid changes than warehouse workers 55. It was concluded that such lifting factors placed the nursing aides at greater risk for MSI than the warehouse workers. Studies examining the biomechanical loads on caregivers during patient handling tasks find that the loads often exceed the permissible limit set by the U.S. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and others 7,36,39,56. Maximum allowable limits of 3400 N for compressive forces on the L5/S1 disc have been recommended for occupational manual handling tasks. Estimates of the compressive forces associated with manually handling patients usually exceed this safety guidance 7,32,36,37,56. In addition to the risk for injury due to peak forces during acute events, cumulative loading may also lead to more chronic MSI conditions. In conditions of chronic onset, workers may gradually feel sensations of tiredness, weakness, stiffness, and dull pain. Caregivers often cannot recall a specific acute event causing the injury, thus suggesting cumulative loading as a causative factor, rather than a single event resulting in an injury. Several epidemiological and biomechanical studies have also found evidence to support that cumulative stress may be a risk factor for MSI. The combination of a high injury prevalence associated with patient handling, and the characteristically large estimates of biomechanical stress associated with manual techniques for patient handling, have spurred considerable efforts by researchers and health and safety practitioners to study interventions that replace manual patient handling techniques with mechanical options such as floor and ceiling lifts, and which also show the effectiveness of these approaches and their favourable cost benefit 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64. Mechanical Interventions Many researchers and health and safety practitioners have recommended replacing manual patient handling with mechanical options (engineering controls) through introduction of mechanical floor and ceiling lifts 14,35,36,55,56,62,63,64 to reduce or eliminate many of the MSI risk factors associated with patient handling. Studies examining the effectiveness of using mechanical equipment have found decreases in injury rates, perceived decreases in risk of injury 63,65, as well as decreases in lifting and
4 stooped and twisted trunk positions 66 ; though some potential increased risks of cumulative loading have been noted (cumulative loading may result in chronic MSI conditions). In an effort to introduce engineering controls to patient handling procedures, numerous healthcare organizations have adopted no-manual-lifting policies 67. In British Columbia, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed in 2001 between the Healthcare Unions and Employer which stated: all parties agree to establish a goal of eliminated all unsafe manual lifts of patients/residents through the use of mechanical equipment, except where the use of mechanical lifting equipment would be of risk to the well-being of the patients/residents. The employer shall make every reasonable effort to ensure the provision of sufficient trained staff and appropriate equipment to handle patients/residents safely at all times, and specifically to avoid the need to manually lift patients/residents when unsafe to do so. If the use of mechanical equipment would be a risk to the well-being of the patients/residents, sufficient staff must be made available to lift patients/residents safely. The first approach to the no-manual lift policy was through the introduction of mechanical floor lifts for lifting and transferring patients to reduce the risk of injury to staff 68,69. However, according to Garg et al. 69,70, patients found certain mechanical lifts to be more uncomfortable and less secure than some manual methods of patient handling. Furthermore, a study by Retsas et al. found that staff reported ease in manual lifting as the primary reason for not using mechanical devices 35. Mechanical floor lifts have also been reported to require more time and space to use 68. In fact, the major problem with using floor style mechanical devices is that they pose a large risk for injury: workers can trip over or run into them; lifts on wheels are not always stable; devices can be bulky, thus requiring space to store and to maneuver; considerable arm strength and back torsion are required to move the lifts when wheels are not in optimal condition; special restrictions in the work environment may make their use very cumbersome; they may not be compatible with the bed design, which may not allow the pushing of the lift s legs far enough under the bed; and they are not always available for easy use 69, 70, 71,. The use of mechanical interventions for lifting, transferring and repositioning patients is better than manually handling patients 49,72. However, if the appropriate equipment is not readily available, a sense of frustration is felt by the workers. When work processes are delayed, workers feel guilt and annoyance because patient care cannot be met in an efficient manner 35. Many traditional interventions to this problem, based on teaching workers proper body mechanics while manual lifting, have not yielded widespread success in reducing injury rates 10,73. The use of overhead ceiling lifts is usually the preferred method for reducing patient lifting injuries and is also favoured by healthcare workers 74,63 over other types of equipment, such as floor lifts 63. Nevertheless, it should be noted that Collins et al. 62 found floor lifts to be effective in reducing resident handling injuries and other injuries (e.g. slips and falls, struck by items, etc) as well as injuries associated with assaults and violent acts across six nursing homes. Staff did not find any significant differences between mechanical floor lifts and ceiling lifts in terms of perceived risk for injury 75 ; but responses were based entirely on perceptions of caregivers and therefore conclusions should not be drawn on the effectiveness of floor lifts.
5 In recent years, ceiling-mounted lift devices have been increasingly promoted as an alternative to conventional floor lifts for patient handling 22,59,66,74,76. Engst et al. describe a ceiling lift as consisting of a ceiling mounted track, an electric motor, and a patient sling. Ceiling lift tracks can be configured in numerous arrangements to accommodate many beds in a single room and even multiple rooms. Since ceiling lifts are positioned above bed level, they solve many of the common problems associated with floor lifts. This style of lift requires minimal physical effort to manoeuvre, offers the added feature of always being available for use in patient care areas, and requires less space to operate and store. There is generally two different types of ceiling lift motors: portable and fixed. Portable motors are easily attached and detached from the ceiling lift tracks, while fixed motors cannot be taken off of the ceiling lift tracks. Holliday et al. reported significant time-savings when ceiling lifts were used as a method of lifting and transferring patients. Additionally, Zhuang et al. 37 found that using ceiling lifts to transfer residents from bed to chair eliminated approximately two-thirds of the exposure to low-back stress, compared to manual methods. Ceiling lifts can reduce many of the variables related to unexpected patient/resident behaviours and create a safer situation for healthcare workers 10,71. Advantages of Ceiling Lifts Ronald et al. evaluated the effectiveness of a ceiling lift program one year after implementation in a 125 bed extended care facility. Implementing a ceiling lift program significantly reduced (58% reduction, p=0.011) the rate of MSI to nurses and care aides caused by lifting and transferring. Spiegel et al. estimated the payback period for direct costs associated with this ceiling lift program to be 3.85 years. A shorter payback period of 1.96 years was estimated if indirect savings and the trend of rising compensation costs were also considered. A follow-up evaluation using three years of additional data revealed a 40% reduction in total claims costs, an 82% reduction in lift and transfer claims costs, and an 83% reduction in lost hours due to lift and transfer injuries, demonstrating the longer term effectiveness of ceiling lift systems 77. The Interior Health Authority 78 conducted a case study of a no lift program at an 257 bed extended care facility with ceiling lifts installed over all of the resident beds. When examining patient handling injuries, there was a 53% reduction in WCB claims costs across the whole facility with one unit decreasing the cost of their patient handling injuries by 93% ($ to $467.87) over a five month period prior to staff using the ceiling lifts and five months after using the lifts. Expanding this analysis to one year pre- one year post installation, there was a 41% reduction in days lost due to patient handling injuries. In addition, the average cost per claim decreasing by 45% indicating that staff injuries were less severe following the ceiling lift initiative. In a study of overhead ceiling devices in an extended care unit of a hospital, Engst et al. 79,63 found a greater proportion of nursing staff used ceiling lifts to lift and transfer residents from bed to chair than manually or with floor lifts. In addition, perceptions of pain, discomfort and risk of injury were significantly decreased when lifting and transferring with the ceiling lift. This evaluation of perceptions is important to examine not only as a window into the relative risk of injury but to evaluate the acceptance of ceiling lifts as an effective intervention. In a study conducted by Miller et al. it was shown that when caregivers in both an intermediate care facility and extended care unit of a hospital began to use ceiling lifts, they perceived that the ceiling lifts made their job easier to perform, and preferred them over both mechanical floor lifts and manual methods for lifting and transferring patients. However, when examining perceived discomfort, those caregivers in the facility with the higher ceiling lift coverage perceived themselves to be at less risk for injury than those with
6 less ceiling lifts. Therefore, the influence of ceiling lifts on perceived risk of injury may be influenced by the relative need, availability of ceiling lifts, and the availability of alternate equipment such as mechanical floor lifts. The most recent study on ceiling lifts was conducted by Miller et al. 75 that explored the effectiveness of portable ceiling lifts in a new multi-level care facility. It differs from the majority of other studies in that it evaluates the impact of portable ceiling lifts on extended care residents rather than fixed ceiling lifts; and the ratio of ceiling lifts to residents beds is one to six instead of one to one. Results of the study are consistent with those reported by Engst et al 63 in which it demonstrated reductions in patient handling injuries despite the type of ceiling lift used. It is recommended that proactive installation of ceiling lifts in newly built long-term care facility should be considered as an effective method to reduce patient handling injuries and their associated costs. Many of the current ceiling lift studies have found dramatic reductions in the cost and severity of lifting and transferring tasks 22,58,61,76,77. However, studies have shown that ceiling lifts may not be suitable for all patient handling tasks 58,59,61. Ronald et al. demonstrated that ceiling lifts did not positively impact rates of MSI caused by repositioning patients in bed and that in a study conducted by Engst et al., repositioning injuries actually increased after the introduction of ceiling lifts into an extended care unit of a hospital even though staff perceived them to be the safest method for repositioning residents. Conclusion Patient handling is a high risk activity in healthcare with those nurses providing direct patient care at a higher risk of injury than those who do not. Higher incidence rates of MSI have been observed in healthcare workers compared to the general population. The implementation and use of appropriate engineering controls to reduce patient handling injuries has had a positive impact. However, it has been shown that mechanical floor lifts are more uncomfortable and less secure than some manual methods of patient handling. Therefore, many in healthcare have advocated the installation of ceiling lifts into healthcare facilities. Researchers has found that ceiling lifts eliminated many of the risk factors associated with patient handling and healthcare staff using ceiling lifts have found them to be safe and effective. However, ceiling lifts were not found to have the same impact in reducing the risk of injury or compensation costs when they were used for repositioning tasks, even though perceptions of risk when using ceiling lifts for repositioning were lower than for other methods. Ceiling lifts are a relatively new intervention to decrease the risk of patient handling injuries and further evaluations and equipment trials are needed to better understand the impact of ceiling lifts on reducing risk of injury related to repositioning tasks and effectiveness in terms of the availability of ceiling lifts when and where needed, and the availability of alternate equipment such as floor lifts.
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11 78 Interior Health Authority. Cottonwoods extended care unit summary of the No Lift Program review January December Interior Health Authority March Kelowna Canada. 79 Engst, C., Chhokar, R., Miller, A., Tate, R., &Yassi, A. (2003). Effectiveness of overhead lifting devices in reducing the risk of injury to care staff in extended care facilities. (Accepted for Publication in Ergonomics).
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Predictors of Time Loss After Back Injury in Nurses SPINE Volume 24, Number 18, pp 1930 1936 1999, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Robert B. Tate, MSc,* Annalee Yassi, MD,* and Juliette Cooper, PhD
Comptes rendus du congrès SELF-ACE 21 Les transformations du travail, enjeux pour l ergonomie Proceedings of the SELF-ACE 21 Conference Ergonomics for changing work MUSCLE ACTIVITY DURING PATIENT TRANSFERS:
section 2 Why moving and handling programmes are needed Contents Injuries from moving and handling people: Prevalence and costs The benefits of moving and handling programmes Preventing injuries to carers
Seven Myths About Back Pain As reported in Safety Bulletin BCL004, Lifting and Your Back Some Fresh Ideas, up to 80 per cent of adults will experience back pain at some time during their lives. Let s take
In Maryland Long Term Care Facilities Pat Gucer., PhD Marc Oliver, RN, MPH, MBA Tracy Roth, BSN Melissa McDiarmid, MD, MPH, Director of the Occupational Health Program University of Maryland, School of
Transfer Assist Devices for the Safer Handling of Patients A Guide for Selection and Safe Use About this guide Health care professionals can use this guide as a resource for evaluating and selecting appropriate
Autumn 1992 (Vol. 4, No. 3) Article No. 4 Back injuries at work, 1982-1990 Cynthia Haggar-Guénette and Joanne Proulx Work injuries not only cause physical, financial and emotional hardships for workers
J Occup Health 2009; 51: 370 376 Journal of Occupational Health Field Study Participatory Action Oriented Training for Hospital Nurses (PAOTHN) Program to Prevent Musculoskeletal Disorders Jong-Eun LEE
1 The Relationship between Power and Manual Wheelchair Mobility and Upper Extremity Pain in Youths with Low Level Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Prepared by: Kaitlin MacDonald, MOT, OTR/L 1, Stephanie Ramey,
Seba: Supine to Seated Edge of Bed Solution Only Seba enables you to safely and comfortably move a patient from a supine to seated position at the edge of the bed and back again in one simple motion. with
Biomechanical Analysis of the Deadlift (aka Spinal Mechanics for Lifters) Tony Leyland Mechanical terminology The three directions in which forces are applied to human tissues are compression, tension,
The Assessment of Musculoskeletal Injury Risks Among Steel Manufacturing Workers Hazards are ever-present in the steel plant environment, and a heightened awareness and emphasis on safety is a necessary
14 Hazards and risks associated with manual handling in the workplace Summary Manual handling occurs in almost all working environments, though workers in construction, agriculture, hotels and restaurants
An integrated early intervention model produces results A report for the Productivity Commission Dr Mary Wyatt and Dr Clive Sher OccCorp Suite 34/34 Queens Rd Melbourne 34 Ph 9867 5666 Fax 9866 6375 Mobile
Cost Effectiveness of a Multifaceted Program for Safe Patient Handling Kris Siddharthan, Audrey Nelson, Hope Tiesman, FangFei Chen Abstract Objective: The Patient Safety Center in the Veterans Health Administration
Workplace safety: lifting One of the biggest concerns in the workplace is lifting and loading. When you lift something, the load on your spine increases and your spine can only bear so much before it is
Page 1 of 5 Title/Subject: CMU ERGONOMICS PROGRAM Applies to: faculty staff students student employees visitors contractors Effective Date of This Revision: May 1, 2012 Contact for More Information: Human
DECISION FACTORS IN PATIENT HANDLING Grady T. Holman, Auburn University firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT Injuries to patient handlers are a worldwide problem and have been listed as a primary research interest
Bagless Laundry System Final Report January 2004 Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare #301 1195 West Broadway Vancouver, B.C. V6H 3X5 604.775.4034 www.ohsah.bc.ca 1 Table of Contents Page
Ergonomics in the Workplace Ergonomics in the Workplace 1 Introduction The purpose of this short guide is to provide information to the reader on the subject of Ergonomics. It also provides guidance on
Manual handling Introduction Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), including manual handling injuries, are the most common type of occupational ill health in the UK. Back pain and other MSDs account
Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI / ASTD) This information should not be distributed to the employer. This information is an overview of the principles derived from the current jurisprudence. Each case is
Lifting and Handling, a Risk Assessor s Guide 1 Introduction Unfortunately manual handling accidents are all too common, and can lead to life-long problems with bad backs. While they do not have the same
Improving Productivity and Ergonomics in HVAC Installation Panagiotis Mitropoulos, Ph.D. San Diego State University San Diego, California Sanaa Houssain, M.S. Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona Linda
FROM: SUBJECT: MARITIME COLLEGE OF FOREST TECHNOLOGY February 17 th, 2016 course offering. The Maritime College of Forest Technology s Department of Continuing Education is pleased to announce the following
Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... i 1. INTRODUCTION...1 1.1. Background...1 1.2. Objectives...2 1.3. What we know about the health of the healthcare workforce...2 1.4. Methods...10 2. RESULTS: OCCUPATIONAL
Conducting an Office Ergonomics Audit Presented By: Kavita Chauhan, R.Kin, B.Sc. Kin & Hlth., Ergonomic Specialist ABOUT Inc. International Ergonomics Consulting & Training organization providing Professional
CODE OF PRACTICE MANUAL TASKS COMMISSION Government of Western Australia Department of Commerce Code of practice Manual tasks 2010 c o m m i s s i o n for occupational safety and health Code of practice
Guide to manual tasks high impact function (HIF) audit 2010 March 2010 1 Adelaide Terrace, East Perth WA 6004 Postal address: Mineral House, 100 Plain Street, East Perth WA 6004 Telephone: (08) 9358 8002
BODY STRESSING RISK MANAGEMENT CHECKLIST BODY STRESSING RISK MANAGEMENT CHECKLIST This checklist is designed to assist managers, workplace health staff and rehabilitation providers with identifying and
Lifting and Back Stress DEA3250/6510 Professor Alan Hedge Low Back Pain Low back pain occurs in 80% of adults at some point in their lives Low back pain is second only to upper respiratory infections as
Department of Education, Training and the Arts Queensland This document was developed for the following purposes: assisting in the development of rehabilitation programs for injured or ill employees, and
March 2006 Search Providing a Lift By Sharon Brumbeloe, RN New lifting techniques are explored in an effort to prevent injuries of both patients and health care workers. According to the Bureau of Labor
Back Pain Musculoskeletal Disorder Updated October 2010 According to the Health and Safety Executive back pain is the most common health problem for British workers. Approximately 80% of people experience
Burgess-Limerick & Associates Ergonomics and Research Consultants ABN 84976421949 Procedure for Managing Injury Risks Associated with Manual Tasks Burgess-Limerick, R. (2008). Procedure for Managing Injury
LUMBAR SPINE PREVENTATIVE & REHABILITATION PROGRAM Theron King B. Ed. (Sports Science) Hills St. Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation Centre Denny Shearwood B.APP.SC. (Physiotherapy) M.A.P.A. Appointed Physiotherapist
Reference Guidelines for Safe Patient Handling OHSAH 2 December 2000 Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare in British Columbia (OHSAH). All rights reserved. Although OHSAH encourages the
The Challenge of Driver Ergonomics Presented by Rich Moldstad, CDS September 18, 2015 1 Welcome! Questions will be answered by email following the presentation. Send your questions to send privately. Supporting
Loughborough University Institutional Repository Using patient handling equipment to manage mobility in and around a bed. This item was submitted to Loughborough University's Institutional Repository by
In-Service Training Good Body Mechanics/ Employee Safety: A Skills Update THIS PROGRAM COVERS: 1) Definition of Ergonomics 2) How Repetitive Movements Can Lead to Injury 3) The Basic Steps to Using Good
Safe Lifting/Back Safety Training Presented by Rita Gagnon Occupational Health Outreach Coordinator Benefis Health Systems 406-731-8328 Risk Factors Involved with Manual Handling Tasks: Bending at Trunk
Physical Demands and Low Back Injury Risk Among Children and Adolescents Working on Farms W. G. Allread, J. R. Wilkins III, T. R. Waters, W. S. Marras ABSTRACT. Little information currently exists regarding
Rehabilitation NURSING Myths and Facts About Safe Patient Handling in Rehabilitation Audrey Nelson, PhD RN FAAN Kenneth J. Harwood, PhD PT CIE Catherine A. Tracey, MS RN CRRN Kathleen L. Dunn, MS RN CRRN-A
Occupational injuries of physiotherapists in North and Central Queensland Diane J West and Dianne Gardner 2 Consultant Ergonomist 2 University of New South Wales The National Occupational Health and Safety
Schiffert Health Center www.healthcenter.vt.edu Patient Information: Neck Pain (Cervical Strain) COMMON CAUSES: Neck pain may be triggered by a specific event, such a sport injury or motor vehicle accident.
Wellness & Lifestyles Australia MANUAL HANDLING IN AGED CARE AND THE HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY E-BOOK prepared by Wellness & Lifestyles Australia 2007,2008,2009 Table of Contents Page No. IMPORTANT NOTICE...
1.0 PURPOSE AV2800 Safe Patient Handling January 2014 To promote safe patient handling procedures to minimize the risk of injury to staff and ensure safe quality of care for the patients. 2.0 DEFINITIONS
Home And Community Care Risk Assessment Tool R e s o u r c e G u i d e The Occupational Health & Safety Agency for Healthcare in BC OHSAH About OHSAH The Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare
UTILITIES AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT August 2007 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Introduction...1-1 1.1 PURPOSE...1-1 1.2 APPLICATION...1-1 1.3 SCOPE...1-1 2.0 Common Type of Injuries...2-1 3.0 Personal Protective Equipment...3-1
Trends, Rules and tools for reducing injuries in the office based workplace An Interactive Presentation for Safe Work Week 2014 Brayden Callander Jobfit Health Group Occupational Therapist A special thank
Effective date signifies approval of this MHS policy by the Performance Improvement Leadership Oversight Team (PILOT) (see minutes). Policy. Policy & Procedure Safe Patient Handling ( Lift Policy) Effective
Human Factors & Ergonomics Society of Australia nd Annual Conference 6 1 The validity of using quick ergonomics assessment tools in the prediction of developing Workplace Musculoskeletal Disorders. Jennie
Musculoskeletal hazards and controls REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING Photocopy this profile and distribute it as widely as possible! Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), such as chronic back pain or shoulder
ERGONOMICS University at Albany Office of Environmental Health and Safety 2010 WHAT IS ERGONOMICS? From the Greek: ergon work and nomoi natural laws Defined by Webster as: Biotechnology WHAT IS ERGONOMICS?
Evaluation of Medical Cot Design Considering the Biomechanical Impact on Emergency Response Personnel Tycho K. Fredericks, Steven E. Butt, Kimberly S. Harms, and James D. Burns Department of Industrial
NCCI RESEARCH BRIEF March 2011 by Tanya Restrepo, Frank Schmid, Harry Shuford, and Chun Shyong Safe Lifting Programs at Long-Term Care Facilities and Their Impact on Workers Compensation Costs Introduction
TRADIES NATIONAL HEALTH month AUGUST 2016 TRADIES NATIONAL HEALTH MONTH HEALTH SNAPSHOT Prepared by the Australian Physiotherapy Association ABOUT THE TRADIES NATIONAL HEALTH MONTH SNAPSHOT Marcus Dripps,
The University of Toledo The University of Toledo Digital Repository Master s and Doctoral Projects 2010 Safe patient handling curriculum in occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant programs
CORE SKILLS FRAMEWORK MOVING AND HANDLING PRINCIPLES FOR STAFF: LESSON NOTES & TIPS FOR A SUGGESTED APPROACH These notes are designed to be used in conjunction with the Moving and Handling PowerPoint slides.
Positioning Vocational Rehabilitation in Early Intervention Recovery Models A discussion on how medical, insurance case managers and health care practitioners have devalued vocational rehabilitation services
29CFR 1926.20(b)-Accident Reduction, 29CFR 1926.21- Safety Training & Education Back and Lifting Safety Preparation 1. Read Applicable Background information and related Company Policy Chapter. 2. Make
Spine Care Centre (SCC) protocols for Multiple Sclerosis Update 1 August 2015 Introduction Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects nerves in the brain and spinal cord, causing a wide range of symptoms including
learning Enable Skills Bulletin September 2008 To keep you informed in community services. FREE Circulating accommodation and residential services educational Services and community services in general.