1 Japanese Requirements for Wind Turbine TÜV Rheinland Japan Presented by; Yoshihiro Sugita TUV Rheinland Japan Industrial Services Date: 01. August Sep. 2014
2 Contents 1.Introduction of TÜV Rheinland 2.Strategic Energy Plan Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine 4.Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 5.Wind Turbine Support Structure Design 6.Cranes, Elevators and Gondola for Wind Turbines 7.Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms
3 About TÜV Rheinland: Founded more than 140 years ago, TÜV Rheinland is a global leader in independent inspection and certification services, ensuring quality and safety for people, the environment, and technology in nearly all aspects of life. The Group maintains a presence at around 500 locations in 66 countries with 18,000 employees. Shin Yokohama Office / Japan
4 TÜV Rheinland History. Milestones. Founded to ensure the safety of manufacturing plants First Vehicle Inspection First Product Certification First Foreign Subsidiary Merger with TÜV Berlin-Brandenburg Integration of LGA! Our goal is to be the world s best independent provider of technical services for testing, inspection, certification, consultation and training. 4 Corporate Presentation
5 At Home on All Continents. Figures 2013 Sales in Mio. 1,600 - abroad in % 48,4 EBIT in % 7,3 Employees 18,000 - abroad in % 59 Locations: more than 500 in 66 countries Corporate Presentation
6 Sales by Business streams. Systems Training und Consulting Life Care Industrial Services Products Mobility 6 Corporate Presentation
7 Our Services. More safety and quality for your competitive edge. Testing Inspecting Certifying Qualifying Consulting Products Systems Processes People 7 Corporate Presentation
8 Experience and Development Wind Energy. ~ 2000 Start of Statutory Inspections on WTGs 03/2011 1st order for Offshore Wind farm Manufacturing Survey Germany, Project NSO 06/2012 Completion of DAkkS accreditation process IEC series 2010 Implementation of Central Business Field Wind Energy Operations in Germany BSH Approval for Project Certification Offshore 1st order for Offshore Wind farm, Germany, Project Alpha Ventus 08/2011 Amendment of Service Portfolio by Marine Warranty Survey Services Strategic cooperation with Eurowind, FGH and University of Aachen 06/2014 Finalization 1 st full scale Type Certification Project 8
9 Services at TÜV Rheinland Japan Wind Turbine Generator International Certification IEC Series - Project Certification - Type Certification - Component Certification Engineering phase Procurement/ Construction phase Operation phase /9/1 Presentation TÜV Rheinland
10 Services at TÜV Rheinland Japan Grid Connectivity Lab TÜV Rheinland Japan opened the new facilities for testing Grid Connected Equipment for smart grid system. 10 Presentation TÜV Rheinland 2014/9/1
11 Contents 1.Introduction of TÜV Rheinland 2.Strategic Energy Plan Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine 4.Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 5.Wind Turbine Support Structure Design 6.Cranes, Elevators and Gondola for Wind Turbines 7.Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms
12 2014 Strategic Energy Plan The Government of Japan formulates the Strategic Energy Plan in order to show to the public the basic direction of Japan s energy policy under the Basic Act on Energy Policy. On April 11, 2014, the Cabinet decided to approve the new Strategic Energy Plan as the basis for the orientation of Japan s new energy policy, considering the dramatic changes in energy environments inside and outside Japan, including those caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent accidents at TEPCO s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Strategic Energy Plan pdf
13 2014 Strategic Energy Plan Section 3: Accelerating the introduction of renewable energy: Toward achieving grid parity over the mid-to long-term 1. Strengthening measures to accelerate the introduction of wind and geothermal power Regarding wind and geothermal power, which may be economically feasible depending on the scale of development, efforts will be made to resolve the many challenges involved in their introduction. Therefore, in order to smoothly and quickly introduce wind power generation facilities, efforts will be continued to accelerate environmental assessment and rationalize safety regulations under the Electricity Business Act.
14 Contents 1.Introduction of TÜV Rheinland 2.Strategic Energy Plan Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine 4.Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 5.Wind Turbine Support Structure Design 6.Cranes, Elevators and Gondola for Wind Turbines 7.Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms
16 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Building Standard Law 建 築 基 準 法 Building Standard Law Enforcement Order 建 築 基 準 法 施 行 令
17 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Industrial Safety and Health Law 労 働 安 全 衛 生 法 Safety Ordinance for Cranes/Elevators/Gondola クレーン 等 /エレベータ/ゴンドラ 安 全 規 則 Construction Code for Cranes/Elevators/Gondola クレーン 等 /エレベータ/ゴンドラ 構 造 規 格
18 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Environmental Impact Assessment Law 環 境 影 響 評 価 法 Forest law 森 林 法 Natural park law 自 然 公 園 法 and many more..
19 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Announcement by the Ministry of Economics, Trade and Industry (METI) Unifying the examination procedures regarding the structure to support the wind turbines; The Building Standard Law and the Electricity Business Act => The Electricity Business Act For the structure of a wind turbine with the height over 15 meters, safety regulations for both the Building Standard Law and the Electricity Business Act were applied. Based on the cabinet approval on April 2012, on the assumption that the regulations equivalent to the Building Standard Law Enforcement Order are imposed, the safety regulations are unified to the Electricity Business Act, effective as of 1 st April And on the same date, Interpretation of the technical standards for wind turbine 発 電 用 風 力 設 備 の 技 術 基 準 の 解 釈 is updated by implementing the safety regulations of the Building Standard Law. 経 済 産 業 省 発 電 用 風 力 設 備 の 風 車 を 支 持 する 工 作 物 に 係 る 建 築 基 準 法 及 び 電 気 事 業 法 から 電 気 事 業 法 への 審 査 一 本 化 に 伴 う 手 続 き 等 について
20 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Electricity Business Act related to Wind Turbine Structure for ensuring safety in the Electricity Business Act Design Phase Building Standard Law Support Structure more than 15 meter Start Construction Complete Construction Start Operation Perform ance evaluati on appr oval by Minis ter of MLIT App rova l by auth ority Inspection by authority Support Structure more than 60 meter Electricity Business Act Notification of project planning examination by the government Pre-use Self- Inspection by the installer Pre-use Safety Management Examinations by the government On-site inspection and report collection by the government Technical standards obligations by the installer and the technical standards instructions by the government Voluntary safety based on safety regulations For wind turbines 500kW and above
21 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Ministerial Ordinance regarding Technical Standards on Wind Turbines Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine Interpretation is not limited to this Where sufficient technical evidences available, it is assumed that the Wind Turbine is comply with the requirement of Ordinance Guidance of Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine
22 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Ministerial Ordinance regarding Technical Standards on Wind Turbines Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine Guidance of Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine Article 1 Scope - - Article 2 Definitions Article 1 Definitions - Article 3 Article 4 Article 5 Article 6 Measures to prevent entry into Wind Turbine to person other than operator Wind Turbine Maintain safety of Wind Turbine Prevention of dangerous situation of hydraulic equipment and compressed air equipment Article 2 Article 3 Article 4 Article 5 Article 6 Measures to prevent entry into Wind Turbine to person other than operator Max. speed when disconnect a load Wind pressure Devices that stop the Wind Turbine with safe Reference to Interpretation of Technical Standards on Electrical Equipment - Yes Yes Yes
23 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Ministerial Ordinance regarding Technical Standards on Wind Turbines Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine Guidance of Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine Article 7 Support structure of Wind Turbine Article 7 Article 8 Article 9 Article 10 Article 11 Article 12 Article 13 Construction strength of support structure based on Building Standard Law Enforcement Order Construction of support structure Foundation of Support Structure Structural calculation 15< height<=60m Yes Refer to Dynamic Analysis and Structural Design of Wind Turbine Committee of Structural Engineering issued by the Japan Society of Civil Engineers
24 Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine Ministerial Ordinance regarding Technical Standards on Wind Turbines Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine Guidance of Interpretation of Technical Standards for Wind Turbine Article 7 Article 8 Support structure of Wind Turbine Prevention of Environmental destruction Article 14 Article 15 Appended Table 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Comply with the requirements for Structure of Building Standard Law or Ship Safety Act (floating structure) Formulas for article 10 to Yes
25 Contents 1.Introduction of TÜV Rheinland 2.Strategic Energy Plan Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine 4.Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 5.Wind Turbine Support Structure Design 6.Cranes, Elevators and Gondola for Wind Turbines 7.Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms
26 Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine In order to construct a wind farm, various permits and approvals are required from individual local authorities. The permits and approvals can be classified in the following 3 phases; 1.Locational survey phase (e.g. wind condition survey) 2.Execution design phase (applications related mainly to electricity) 3.Construction phase (e.g. Electricity Business Act, Industrial Safety and Health Law) Depending on the location of the site, additional permits and approvals may be requested by the local authorities.
27 Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 1. Permits and approvals in relation to the location a. Conversion of agricultural land permit 農 地 転 用 許 可 Applicable in case of using a farm land for constructing a wind farm b. Forest law 森 林 法 Require permit from the prefectural governor. As a general rule, for areas that are specified as Protection Forest, it is not possible to obtain the permit. c. Natural park law 自 然 公 園 法 In case of constructing a wind farm inside the national park, licensing system is applied in certain areas. In some area, it is not possible to obtain the permit.
28 Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 2. Permits and approvals in relation to design and construction a. Power connection contract 電 力 受 給 契 約 Require consultation with the electricity company regarding the gridinterconnection prior to the contract (not a requirement under the regulations) b. Certification of power generation using renewable energy power generation equipment 再 生 可 能 エネルギー 発 電 設 備 を 用 いた 発 電 の 認 定 To be applied prior to the power connecting contract. This can be obtained also before the start of construction. c. Environmental Impact Assessment 環 境 影 響 評 価 Type 1 (10,000kW and above) : Mandatory Type 2 (7,500kW and above) : Determined individually d. Electricity Business Act 電 気 事 業 法
29 Contents 1.Introduction of TÜV Rheinland 2.Strategic Energy Plan Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine 4.Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 5.Wind Turbine Support Structure Design 6.Cranes, Elevators and Gondola for Wind Turbines 7.Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms
30 Support structure of Wind Turbine according to Design Guideline for WTG in Japan Support structure of Wind Turbine shall satisfy the requirement of Ministerial Ordinance regarding Technical Standards on Wind Turbines (article 7) and its interpretation (article 7 to 15 and appended tables). Technical standard is based on the requirements of Building Standard Law. However additional environmental conditions of Japan, such as lightning and typhoon/turbulence need to be considered. NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) have been publishing Guideline for WTG, for Lightning and for typhoon / turbulence.
31 Support structure of Wind Turbine according to Design Guideline for WTG in Japan Lightning Altitude of thundercloud Flash Summer (Apr.- Oct.) High Negative Downward Winter (Nov. Mar.) Low Positive Upward Flash charge Low High >300C Derived from NEDO Guideline
32 Wind Turbine Support Structure Design according to Design Guideline for WTG in Japan Guideline proposes; When designing the Support Structure for a wind turbine, fatigue load which are caused by strong wind such as typhoon and rainstorm to be considered. In addition, abnormal loads and specific loading conditions based on IEC standards to be considered as well. Besides the wind related loads, specific environmental conditions in Japan such as the earthquake needs to be fulfilled. On the Building Standard Law, there is no clear statement mentioned regarding the fatigue strength. However it is necessary to secure the strength since the fatigue load due to external force will repeatedly affect the Support Structure. Dynamic Analysis and Structural Design of Wind Turbine Committee of Structural Engineering issued by the Japan Society of Civil Engineers 風 力 発 電 設 備 支 持 物 構 造 設 計 指 針 同 解 説 土 木 学 会 is used as a reference to design the Support Structure. This also covers the design of the foundation of the wind turbine.
33 Contents 1.Introduction of TÜV Rheinland 2.Strategic Energy Plan Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine 4.Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 5.Wind Turbine Support Structure Design 6.Cranes, Elevators and Gondola for Wind Turbines 7.Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms
34 Cranes for Wind Turbine Definition of a crane According to the Safety Ordinance for Cranes クレーン 等 安 全 規 則, a machine which fulfills the following two conditions is defined as a crane (excluding mobile cranes and derrick cranes); A machine lifting a load vertically by using power (excluding manually-powered) And moving this load horizontally (including manually-powered) This means that a machine which lifts the load only vertically or a machine which moves the load horizontally by power but vertically lifting the load manually are not defined as a crane. Notification to the Director of the Prefectural Labor Bureau / Chief of the Labor Standards Inspection Office Under 0.5t : Not applicable Under 3.0t : Installation Report, Loading Test (at installation), Assign Operation Conductor 3.0t and over : Manufacturing License, Loading Test (at manufacturing), Installation Report, Inspection after Installation, Assign Operation Conductor
35 Cranes for Wind Turbine Note Article 57 Construction Code for Cranes クレーン 構 造 規 格 In case the Director of the Prefectural Labor Bureau agrees that the performance is equal or higher to the standards, cranes that falls under any of the following conditions do not apply the standards; Imported cranes cranes with purpose-built structure It sounds good for manufacturers outside Japan, however; - How you demonstrate performance is equal or higher?
36 Elevators for Wind Turbines In accordance to the Industrial Safety and Health Law 労 働 安 全 衛 生 法, elevators installed inside the wind turbine with the movable load of 0.25t and above must notify the following to the Director of the Prefectural Labor Bureau / Chief of the Labor Standards Inspection Office; Under 0.25t Under 1.0t 1.0t and over : Not applicable : Installation Report, Loading Test (at installation), Assign Operation Conductor : Manufacturing License, Installation Report, Inspection after installation, Assign Operation Conductor
37 Elevators for Wind Turbines Note Article 43 Construction Code for Elevator エレベータ 構 造 規 格 : In case the Director of the Prefectural Labor Bureau agrees that the performance is equal or higher to the standards, elevators that falls under any of the following conditions do not apply the standards; Imported Gondolas Special Structure Gondolas. It sounds good for manufacturers outside Japan, however; - How you demonstrate performance is equal or higher?
38 Suspended working platform for Wind Turbines Definition of Gondola According to the Safety Ordinance for Gondola ゴンドラ 安 全 規 則, the equipment composed of a hanging scaffold, raising and lowering equipment, other equipment and their accessories, and the working platform of the said hanging scaffold ascends or descends by the said raising and lowering equipment.
39 Suspended working platform for Wind Turbines Note Article 45 Construction Code for Gondola ゴンドラ 構 造 規 格 : Gondolas that do not conform to the above regulations, but have been approved by the Head of the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry's Labor Standards Bureau to have similar or better quality as set down in this standard are excluded from this standard. Imported Gondolas Special Structure Gondolas. It sounds good for manufacturers outside Japan, however; - How you demonstrate performance is similar or better quality?
40 Contents 1.Introduction of TÜV Rheinland 2.Strategic Energy Plan Japanese Acts & Standards for Wind Turbine 4.Permits and Approvals for Wind Turbine 5.Wind Turbine Support Structure Design 6.Cranes, Elevators and Gondola for Wind Turbines 7.Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms
41 Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms Connection Obligations Priority / Congestion Control Wide Area Operation / Use of Interconnection Public Information Germany - As a general rule, connect all. Cost for expanding the interconnection is covered by the provider. However, if the extension is unreasonable economically, the provider has the right to refuse. - Output suppression for renewable energy is the lowest priority (comes even after nuclear energy). - Taking full advantage of renewable energy by communication line with the other districts through the market. - Interconnection internationally - Power transmission congestion status is available on Web. - If requested by the power producers, the power company is obliged to disclose the evidence in case of rejecting the interconnection. Japan - As a general rule, connection is obligation. However, it is accepted to reject the connection in case the amount of electricity is expected to exceed the limit. Cost for expanding the interconnection must be covered by the wind farm owners. - Renewable energy has priority over thermal energy but is suppressed before the long-term fixed power supply such as nuclear and hydro energy. - Controlled by the power company on a district base. - No communication line in between the districts. - No interconnections internationally. - The Power company has the obligation to disclose the evidence in case of rejecting the interconnection.
42 Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms Procedures and discussion with the Electric Power Company Regulations regarding the grid-interconnection is not prescribed in the Electricity Business Act. It is only subjected to the discussion between the Electric Power Company and the wind farm installer. In the discussion, Guideline for Grid-interconnection Technical Requirements Concerning Electricity Quality 電 力 品 質 確 保 に 関 する 系 統 連 係 技 術 要 件 ガイドライン is used as the basis for the decision. Time required for the discussion is normally 1-2 months. It is recommended to go into this discussion at the early stage of planning the wind farm. Item Prior discussion Grid-interconnection application Contract Handover inspection Description Technical and commercial discussions to be held with the Electric Power Company on how to interconnect to the grid. After obtaining the provisional agreement, application form to be submitted to the Electric Power Company. Once an agreement is obtained from the discussion, contract to be signed. The Electric Power Company to perform the construction works in relation to the gridinterconnection. During the self-inspection at the completion of construction, Electric Power Company will inspect on site the points discussed at the prior discussion.
43 Grid Inter-connection for Wind Farms Points to be confirmed during the prior discussion (example) Wind condition data of the site for at least 1 year must be available. Research on environmental impact must be done and the solutions to the issues must be available. Permits and approvals required for the development to be well researched and there must be a high prospect in obtaining the permit. Negotiation with the land owner of the site must be under progress. Briefing concerning the project to be held for the neighborhood resident. Financing plan of the project must be available. Project schedule including the procurement of the wind turbine must be available.
44 Shin Yokohama Office / Japan Thank you for your attention If you have any inquiries, please contact;
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