1 React-Lab 2010 Research Workshop Aedes Network Campus Berlin São Paulo Architecture Experiment August 2010
2 CONTENTS SÃO PAULO ARCHITECTURE EXPERIMENT ReAct-Lab 2010 Research Workshop Aedes Network Campus Berlin initiated with Elisabete França and the Secretaria Municipal de Habitação (Sehab) of the city of São Paulo and S.L.U.M. Lab Columbia University August 2010 The population of São Paulo jumped from only 240,000 in 1900 to 19.7 million in 2006 (metropolitan area) with an urban footprint of over 7,900 square kilometers and still growing. Major infrastructural projects have been accomplished over the last century to cope with this incessant rapid growth, and in some areas of the city informal developments now shape the future of the urban environment. São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are merging into a single urban entity linked by a macro-level transport infrastructure. The rail line that connects their central stations also passes through some of the informal developments, and in so doing it serves as a tool for reading these areas and suggests an architectural approach to urban intervention. Where the transport network meets the neighborhood, possibilities emerge for retrofitting this infrastructure through local-scale interventions in order to activate the city. The studio is structured in three modules and will: explore alternatives to vehicle transport and develop scenarios that integrate infrastructures at both macro and micro levels to activate urban life (1. Transport Infrastructure, collection and disposal of garbage); respond to the urgent demand for new houses and quality urban space (2. Housing); and explore the capacity of micro infrastructures to remodel the existing, built and real, city (3. Micro Infrastructure). We elect all of these as essential parts of urban design and intend to cross reference those in this workshop in order to bring in interdisciplinary expertise for future experiences. The Secretaria Municipal de Habitação (Sehab) brings real concerns to these discusions. Given the previous experiences of Sehab with Urban Think Tank and the Columbia University, the site of Paraisópolis has been elected as our main test site in São Paulo to be investigated from which to produce urban templates capable of being employed in other city cases in the city of São Paulo. This studio focuses on PARAISOPOLIS: Future City 2020, in the Morumbi neighborhood of SAO PAULO, as the TEST SITE for the relationship between existing formal and informal urban realties in cities of the southern hemisphere. The design laboratory will read the city based on its installed infrastructures and search for potential sites with capacity for city renewal. It will use Berlin as a comparative example, based on its well- structured public transport network and its many case studies in integrated housing and micro infrastructures. It will consider the possibilities for designing better quality environments through the provision and retrofitting of micro-infrastructure and local-scale interventions, based on cuttingedge technologies for a range of issues including mobility (e.g. cable cars, funiculars and electrical vehicles), public lighting and illumination, public utilities (e.g. garbage collection and disposal), alternative energy production, and the management of traffic flows and parking. It will investigate the process of moving from pilot projects for connected housing and microinfrastructures to comprehensive design policies and strategic planning. It intends to create visions beyond current trends in order to find long-term solutions that will transform our cities. This 10-day Re-act Lab research workshop will introduce a group of advanced students from across the world to the realities of Brazilian cities and provide the wider public with internal and external perspectives on these. Based in Berlin, the studio will also count with a range of experts from European industry and planning offices. In a series of public lectures and discussions the workshop will: introduce São Paulo s metropolitan area by revealing the contrasting morphology and urban tissue produced over time; address the role of everyday life in the experience of urban space; question the possibilities created for architecture and urban planning when housing basic municipal services key structures in improving quality of urban life; and highlight the need to develop partnerships between the city planning authorities and urban pioneers, in order to build liveable cities at the beginning of the 21st century. A design laboratory/workshop by Sehab, Columbia University, ETH Zürich with support of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the Escola da Cidade, São Paulo, within the framework of the Re-Act Lab programme of Aedes Network Campus Berlin ANCB, with selected masters-level students from universities worldwide.
3 GOALS UNIT 1: Transport Infrastructure If cities in the future will have to rely on sustainable transport, then we need to move rapidly towards understanding the forces which promote traditional car use with its vast need for space. Herrmann Knoflacher (Urban-Age) São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are merging into a single urban entity linked by a macro-level transport infrastructure. The rail line that connects their central stations also passes through problematic informal settlements. This proposal uses transport infrastructure as a tool for reading and responding to these emerging areas, and suggests an architectural approach to urban intervention. Where the transport network meets the neighbourhood, possibilities emerge for retrofitting this infrastructure with local-scale interventions - housing, sports, culture - in order to activate the city. Studio Exercise: The studio will explore alternatives to car transport - primarily ropeways, cable cars, funiculars, etc. - and will develop scenarios for combining new and existing concepts to form temporary and permanent transport alternatives that aim to integrate infrastructures at the macro and micro level and activate urban life. UNIT 2: Micro Infrastructures City spaces are dense and extremely heterogeneous social formations ( ) in constant movement, (cities) change with and are changed by their citizens. The urban ideal city is a pulsating place that provides room for diversified public life Katja Szymczak As cities continue to grow rapidly, the demand for new houses and settlements is enormous. Hand in hand with this population growth is the expansion in infrastructures that cater to the needs of a steadily changing population. While population growth in many parts of Europe is negative, in the cities of the south it is exponential. In both instances, informal developments are shaping the future of the urban environment. The built environment is now simultaneous host to the traditional customs and modern values of many cultural groups. UNIT 3: Housing It is one of the ironies of the interrelationship between the so-called First and Third World that solutions of the south (India) categorically demonstrate very comparable alternate land settlement patterns that could with minor adoptions have been employed in both worlds. Kennneth Frampton The critical issue driving decision-making in the so-called Third World is the population growth of its Mega Cities, at the neglect of rural development. The consequent rural - urban migration constitutes the largest population shift in history. It is these migrants, not the urban poor, who are the key protagonists in these Mega Cities. The exclusion of these newcomers from access to services and resources, has resulted in the creation of large-scale informal slum areas, located mostly but not exclusively in the Mega Cities of the tropics, that are now home to one billion people and often dwarf their formal urban neighbours (60% of Caracas now lives in slum areas). The city is not prepared for the newcomers nor the newcomers for the city, but this incapacity to provide adequate housing has given rise to a crisis that can no longer be ignored. Studio Exercise: The task of the studio is the development of design interventions situated at the intersection between housing and public space. It will explore alternatives to masterplanning in the context of the Mega Cities of the south, a reality very different to that of Northern Europe in which the idea of the master plan evolved, building upon stagnation and controlled development steps. What are the drivers of development in these cities, and can they be modeled, engaged with and influenced without creating another set of masterplanning rules? The workshop will question ideas regarding sustainability in the light of issues surrounding building materials, the urgency of the housing problem in this context and develop strategies for how to both build adequate new settlements in appropriate locations and organize the integration of newcomers. Studio Exercise: The studio is framed by an enquiry into the integration of top-down and bottom-up initiatives that encourage integration processes. It will explore strategies and tactics that achieve the transformation of site and city through Micro-scaled Infrastructures, using Berlin as a comparative example. It will investigate the process of moving from pilot projects for micro-infrastructures to comprehensive design policies, and by defining these micro-infrastructures through approaches and standards, They will be employed as strategies rather than products.
4 SCHEDULE Thu, 12 Fri, 13 Sat, 14 Sun, 15 Mon, 16 Tue, 17 Wed, 18 Thu, 19 Fri, 19 Sat, Henk Ovink (VROM, NL) Andreas Rudolph & Anna Katharina Rudolph (Doppelmayr) Trent Lethco (ARUP) Workday Steven Dale (Creative Urban Projects) Markus Bader (Raumlabor) Bike tour Joana Gonçalves (FAU USP / AA London) Kunlé Adeyemi Workday Marcos L. Rosa (Microplanning) Marcio Coelho (FAAM / SENAC ) Workday Workday Final Presentations Registration Coffee Break Coffee Break Coffee Break Coffee Break Coffee Break Coffee Break Coffee Break Irene Feige (BMW Institute for Mobility Research) Workday On Site: Badeschiff Workday Review/ discussion with Raumlabor CITY TOUR by Inpolis Coffee/Snacks Welcome: Hans- Jürgen Commerell (ANCB) Introduction: S.L.U.M. Lab Team* Elisabete França (Sehab/ Sao Paulo) Reiner Nagel (SenStadt, Berlin) Exhibition open/ UTT book launch ANCB garden Luis Octavio de Faria e Silva (Escola da Cidade, São Paulo) Barbara Hoidn (University of Texas at Austin, Hoidn Wang Partner) Markus Dochantschi (Studio MDA New York & Frankfurt) Exhibition reception Caipirinhas * Alfredo Brillembourg & Hubert Klumpner (S.L.U.M. Lab, Columbia University), Eduard Kögel (Habitat Unit TU Berlin), Marcos L. Rosa (ETH Zürich/TU München and Estúdio Tático)
5 LECTURES Markus Dochantschi Studio MDA, New York and Frankfurt Educational infrastructure 1408 Trent Lethco Associate Principal, Arup North America Integrated Solutions for Livable Communities Kunlé Adeyemi Bridging Africa 1608 Steven Dale Creative Urban Projects The Gondola Project 1208 Elisabete França Sehab, Sao Paulo The informal city in the 21st century: plans and projects Reiner Nagel Senatsverwaltung f. Stadtentwicklung, Stadt- und Freiraumplanung Urban development planning in Berlin - current framework conditions and projects 1308 [KICKOFF LECTURES OPEN TO THE PUBLIC] Henk Ovink Min. of Planning, Netherlands Design and politics on specificness of urban planning Andreas Rudolph & Anna Katharina Rudolph Doppelmayr Urban Ropeways- an alternative means of transportation?! Irene Feige BMW Institute of Mobility Research Research Focus Mobility Cultures in (Mega-)cities 1708 Markus Bader Raumlabor Berlin field trip and studio visit 1808 Joana Gonçalves FAU USP / AA London Environmental Urban Design, energy consumption in informal settlements in São Paulo Marcos L. Rosa ETH Zürich/TU München and Estúdio Tático Microplanning: Urban creative practices 1908 Marcio Coelho FAAM / SENAC / Sguizzardi.Coelho Arquitetura Urban Policies in São Paulo after the City Statute: a socially oriented debate and the paradigms of the city making. Luis Octavio Faria e Silva Escola da Cidade, São Paulo Designing São Paulo: scales and aproximations Barbara Hoidn University of Texas at Austin/ Hoidn Wang Partner Converging Methodologies in Urban Design
6 bios environmental legislation compilation and review, she is engaged in a team who is managing the concession contract with the water and sewage company, Sabesp. TEAM SEHAB The Municipality of São Paulo Housing Secretariat - SEHAB started its activities in This department is in charge of implementing and managing the local housing policy. SEHAB also controls the application of land use legislation. Belonging to Sehab structure, the Social Housing Department - HABI- is in charge of implementing the social housing programs, especially slum upgrading, aiming at benefitting mainly the population living in these precarious settlements. These local interventions are priorized using an information system called HABISP and developed entirely in this department. These projects have a strong social component to follow up the interventions, regarding the special needs of each region. Recently, the slum upgrading program won the 2010 FIABCI Prix d Excellence in the public infrastructure category, sponsored by The International Real Estate Federation FIABCI recognized by the UN. The exhibition A Cidade Informal do Seculo 21 ( 21 st Century Informal City) has been a very successful experience as well. Elisabete França has twenty-five years of experience in urban planning, low-income housing, slum upgrading, capacity building, community participation and project management. She is engaged in assignments for both multi-lateral and bilateral donors (UN-Habitat, the World Bank and IDB), in over 10 countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and Asia. She is currently Director of Social Housing in the Municipality of São Paulo and responsible for developing the following programs: Slum Upgrading, Environmental Water Resources, Land-tenure Regularization and Tenement Housing, involving benefit to 140,000 inhabitants living in precarious and poor areas. She is also the coordinator of the Cities Alliance/ Municipality of Sao Paulo Project - Strategies for Planning, Financing and Implementation of Low-Income Housing and Urban Development Policy for the Municipality of São Paulo. In 2002, she was invited by the São Paulo Biennial Foundation to be curator of the Brazilian representation in the 8ª Mostra Internazionale D Architettura di Venezia, where the theme Brazil Favela Upgrading was developed. She has published extensively on slum upgrading programs and community participation. _ Converging Methodologies in Urban Design Maria Teresa Diniz is an architect and urban planner, currently occupying the position of Coordinator of Paraisópolis Slum Upgrading and Land-tenure Regularization Program, an investment of R$ 530 million in the second largest slum of the city with 60,000 inhabitants. Technical adviser of low-income housing programs, she also leads a team of experts who develop the guidelines for design preparation and works in slum upgrading projects. Experience in water management and Alfredo Brillembourg and Hubert Klumpner are founders and directors of the Urban-Think Tank an interdisciplinary design practice in Caracas / Venezuela. They are teaching since 2007 in Columbia University / NY where they founded S.L.U.M. Lab. (Sustainable Living Urban Model Laboratory). Since July 2010 they hold a chair for Architecture and Urbanism at the Swiss Institute of Technology / ETH in Zürich. Their work is primarily geared to the research and development education of a new generation of professionals developing and transforming cities in the 21st century, building theory and practical applications to moderate cooperation between first world industry and third world underprivileged informal urban areas, to leapfrog cities in the global south into the 21st century. Brillembourg & Klumpner are presenting one of their most recent projects Metro-Cable San Agustin, an Urban Cable Car System with music, sports, and educational programs they developed with Austrian Company Doppelmayr Ropeways in the Museum of Modern Art exhibition titled Small Scale Big Change, They have been awarded the 2010 Ralph Erskine Award from the Swedish Association of Architects for their innovation in architecture and urban design with regard to social, ecological and aesthetic aspects. For their work defining informal design and social capital has benefitted primarily the less privileged in society in different socio- cultural sustainable contexts. Recent Projects include: July 2010: CEPIA / School for Autistic Children, for the Fundacion Autismo en Voz Alta (FAVA) Caracas / Venezuela. (built) Complejo Internacional de Acción Social por la Música Simón Bolívar (CIASMSB). La Corporación Andina de Fomento y el Sistema Nacional de Orquestas Juveniles de Infantiles de Venezuela Caracas / Venezuela. International Competition (2nd Prize). January 2010: Metro Cable, San Agustin, with Doppelmayr Ropeways, Caracas / Venezuela. (built)november 2009-ongoing:Grotao Centro Communitario de Accion Social por la Musica (CCASM / Music Factory), Parisopolis, Sao Paulo / Brazil (under construction) Eduard Kögel studied at the faculty of Architecture, Urban- and Landscape Planning at the University of Kassel in Germany. From 1999 to 2004 he taught as Assistant Professor at the Technical University in Darmstadt in the department of Non-European Architecture and Urban Development he finished his Dissertation on the exile of Rudolf Hamburger and Richard Paulick in Shanghai ( ) at the Bauhaus-University in Weimar. He works on the exchange between Asia and Europe, on the exile of German architects in the 20th century, on the development of architecture and urban planning in China and on the topic of trans-culturation in architecture. At the Habitat Unit at Berlin Institute of Technology he works currently on a research project founded by the German Research Foundation (DFG): The significance of Ernst Boerschmann in the Context of cultural transfer. The dissertation is found online under the following address: volltexte/2007/991/. Marcos L. Rosa is a Brazilian architect and urban planner (FAU USP, Brazil, 2004); teached architecture and urban design in the TU München and Escola da Cidade (São Paulo). Editor/Author of the publication Microplanning: Urban Creative Practices, São Paulo (2010). Member of the Urban Age South America 2008 research group, member of the editorial group Arch+ 190 (Sao Paulo, 2008). PhD Scholarship on the urban land scape research initiative (TU Munich, ), research activities in LABAUT-USP about architecture informed by urban processes (2003-5), architectural practice with several winning projects, among which Parangolé Urbano - Prêmio Prestes Maia 2006, currently working with Kristine Stiphany (collective retrofit - winning project Alcoa innovation prize, December 2009; Tactical Studio, ; Urbanização em processo, 2010). Marcos research focuses on the mega cities with emphasis on the city of São Paulo. Using the methodology of research by design, he tests macro-scale infrastructures and architectural tools as operational tools to address multi scalar urban design in built environments. He is joining the Institutute for Architecture and Urbanism (D Arch) in the ETH Zürich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich as a researcher and lecturer for design and theory.
7 _Microplanning: Urban creative practices Microplanning: Urban creative practices is a project of public interest that aims to produce knowledge - to reveal, to document, and to share it. It organizes a network that reveals innovative modes of spatial organization and disseminates this information so that it may be used in thinking about and building the city. Microplanning situates the action of the micro scale in terms of its social practices and collective appropriations, calling attention to the importance of bottom up initiatives in the configuration of the urban landscape. It points to the enormous potential of these projects to describe the local scale and its urban tactics as another way to think about the city. Urban creative practices generate spaces of quality that provide room for encounter. Points of contact struggle against the void of quality collective spaces.this research project accepts the real city as a product of political decisions, projects, and personal and collective wishes and we believe there is, in this city, enormous potential for re-organization, re-articulation, re-codification. It demonstrates the task of mapping fields where such ways of reorganization take place and of identifying possible fields open to the incorporation of new objects that stimulate exchange. Finally, it shows the need to understand and propose mechanisms coherent to the identified fields and their potentials - a task we call microplanning. Michael Contento was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in He received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Architecture from the Pennsylvania State University where he was awarded the Rome Prize travelling Fellowship and has also served as a visiting critic. He received his Master of Architecture Degree from the Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation (GSAPP) in New York where he was awarded the Fred L. Liebman scholarship. He also served as a Teaching Assistant for Advanced Studio V, Advanced Studio VI (M.Arch and AAD Programs), and several Visual Studies courses. Michael is currently an Associate Research Scholar at Columbia University conducting research on the Informal City and Interurban Transportation in several South American cities. He is also employed at Urban Think Tank as a Project Manager and Designer where he is working on projects in Caracas, Venezuela; Sao Paulo, Brazil; and the Netherlands. During his time at Urban Think Tank he has also coordinated and led several research and design workshops as well as several international exhibitions. Michael will be joining the Network City and Landscape Institute as an Assistant Chair of Theory and Design Studio. Lindsey Sherman was born in Los Angeles, California. She received her Bachelor of Art Degree in Architecture and in Business Administration from the University of California, Berkeley, where she graduated with Highest Honors. She received her Master of Architecture Degree from the Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation [GSAPP]. Lindsey works at Urban Think Tank as a Project Manager and Designer where she has led the design of projects in Brazil, Venezuela and the Netherlands. With Urban Think Tank Lindsey has organized and ran several design and research workshops and has also led the coordination of international exhibitions. Lindsey is currently an Associate Research Scholar at Columbia University GSAPP where she is researching the Informal City and Interurban Transportation in South America. She has also held the position of Design Studio Coordinator and Teaching Assistant for Advanced Studio V, Advanced Studio VI (MArch and AAD programs) and Architectural Drawing at Columbia University. Lindsey will be joining the Network City and Landscape Institute at the ETH in Zurich as the Assistant Chair of Design Studio and Theory. Daniel Schwartz was born in Nairobi, Kenya in 1987 and raised in Atlanta. He received his degree studying urban sociology and multimedia communications at the University of Pennsylvania, where he was awarded honors for his thesis on immigration policies and activism within the United States and Central America. He has worked as a writer, photographer, and videographer for various publications including The Philadelphia City Paper, 34th Street, Literal Magazine, The Daily Pennsylvanian, and Dissent Magazine. He has also served as an independent media consultant for numerous individuals, businesses, and organizations. He is joining the Urban-Think Tank team at ETH Zürich as Chair of IT and Media. SPEAKERS BIOs 1208 Rainer Nagel is an architect and urban planner. His previous employments included the project management of the HafenCity Hamburg Project: urban design infrastructure landscape planning. Since 2005, he is the head of department for urban planning and open space at the Berlin Ministry of Urban Development. Currently, he is also a lecturer at the Technical University Berlin Mastering the City. Nagel is a member of the German Academy of Urban Design and a board member of the Hamburg Chamber of Architects. He has given various lectures in Germany and abroad and published numerous articles in trade magazines. _ Mobility and creativity networks in Berlin Urban development planning in Berlin - current framework conditions and projects The future of Berlin and of other cities, the outlooks of their society as well as their political and fiscal manoeuvrability depend on the extent their economic profile can be developed. Therefore, in addition to general land use plans and social balancing concepts, strategic areas for strengthening the city s identity are necessary and a professional management of an integrated planning process has to be implemented Henk Ovink is the Director of National Spatial Planning for the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM). He is responsible for the new Architecture Policy on Architecture and Spatial Design: A Design-Based Culture, the new Spatial Planning Act (WRO), several long-term plans and studies including the Randstad 2040 Structural Vision and the New Future Agenda on Spatial Planning, the R&D agenda on Spatial Planning, two academic chairs at the University of Utrecht (Planning Studies) and the Delft University of Technology (Design and Politics, initiated by Ovink in collaboration with Wytze Patijn, Dean of the Faculty of Architecture at the TU Delft) and the Dutch spatial Olympic strategy (Plan for the Olympics 2028). Ovink teaches (and has taught) at Harvard GSD, Columbia GSAPP, University of Kentucky, TU Delft, and among others the Design Academy Eindhoven. He is responsible for (initiating) the research program Design and Politics (DAPP). Ovink participates in the research program Urban Age within the Cities Program of the LSE, and lectures on new ways of planning and the position of politics and design at several conferences around the world. He set up a series of publications with 010 Publishers called Design and Politics covering the historical and political perspective as well as focusing on specific issues (designing the Randstad, Compact Cities and more). Ovink has published several articles on change of government, governance and planning as well as on the specific relationship between design and politics. _ Design and politics on specificness of urban planning Irene Feige is - as a researcher and consultant - managing interdisciplinary research projects on the future of mobility at the Institute for Mobility Research (ifmo) in Munich. Long-term scenarios on future mobility development as well as research on mobility cultures in megacities are major research areas. In her research work Feige puts strong emphasis on values and attitudes towards mobility. She manages the research project on megacities including an international post-doctoral fellowship program. Feige holds a Ph.D. in economics. During her master and Ph. D. programmes in Innsbruck and Vienna research stays include Verona, Shanghai, Beijing and Cambridge (USA). Her dissertation Transport, Trade and Economic Growth Coupled or Decoupled? has been published by Springer Verlag.
8 _ Research Focus Mobility Cultures in (Mega-)cities The Institute for Mobility Research (ifmo) deals with future research in the field of mobility with a focus on passenger transportation. A major research focus of the institute is the development of mobility behavior in (mega-)cities. In a preliminary study various cities according to their mobility indicators und determining factors have been clustered. Some results as well as the planned projects within this research focus will be presented. R.I. and the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University, Cambridge, USA. In 1999/2000 she was a Loeb Fellow at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, Cambridge MA. Since 2002 she is Adjunct Associate Professor at the O Neil Ford Chair at the School of Architecture, University of Texas at Austin. _Converging Methodologies in Urban Design Andreas Rudolph Doppelmayr He is working for Doppelmayr since 2005 and is the Deputy Sales Director and furthermore directly responsible for the South American market. In those markets in particular, the demand for ropeways as alternative means of transportation are recognized. Hence, Andreas is within Doppelmayr in the team for the development, improvement and adjustment of the ropeway system in accordance to the need of the potential customers in the urban areas. Andreas has more than 15 years of experience in International Sales of heavy equipment and was based several years in the United States. Other areas he has covered was Europe, Asia and some parts of Africa. Katharina Anna Rudolph During her studies in International Business Administration, Katharina already gained experience in the field of urban ropeways. Her thesis solutions and applications of the realization and implementation of ropeways projects in public urban transportation explored the prerequisites, positive and negative consequences of ropeways in cities. After her degree Katharina researched and analyzed profoundly the Metrocables in Medellín to learn about the various consequences of sustainable transport of ropeways in practice. Now she works as a project assistant for Urban Think Tank, contributing her experience to events such as the ReActlab in Berlin and collaborating strongly with Doppelmayr. _Urban Ropeways- an alternative means of transportation?! After a short presentation of Doppelmayr we immediately jump into the topic: Do ropeways make sense in urban areas?! Recently ski lifts transform to public transportation systems. However, the manufacturers have to gain knowledge and experience in this very new market. After discussing the main advantages of ropeways in urban areas in general, some innovations and ideas of Doppelmayr will be presented. This is followed by a brief outline of the social, environmental and economical consequences when implementing ropeways in cities and / or informal settlements. To sum up we invite you to an open discussion to exchange ideas, visions and experience. Luis Octavio de Faria e Silva is graduated in Architecture and Urbanism by the São Paulo University (1989), has master s degree in Architecture and Urbanism by the São Paulo University (2001) and a doctorate in Architecture and Urbanism by the São Paulo University (2008). Nowadays he holds the assistant professor positions at the Taubaté University, assistant professor collaborator from Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation, responsible professor AMC Education Services São Judas Tadeu University, collaborator from Escola da Cidade Education Association and searching participate with nap plac from São Paulo University. He has experience in Archicteture and Urbanism with emphasis in Edification Projects and Planning, acting mainly with houses, hotels, others programs, reforms and extensions. He searchs themes as São Paulo, tradicional architecture and modern movement, urban drawning, infra-strecture and contemporary architecture. _ Designing São Paulo: scales and aproximations Barbara Hoidn studied Architecture and City Planning at the University of Karlsruhe in Germany. She worked as a project architect for the Public Building Administration in Frankfurt/Main, later on started her own practice in Frankfurt. In 1994 she was appointed Head of the Architecture Workshop (office of the Senate Building Director) in the Berlin Senate Department for Building, Housing and Transport. In this position she was responsible for the development of public urban design guidelines, consulting of private projects, symposia, conferences and exhibitions on urban development in Berlin. In 2001 she founded - together with Wilfried Wang- the office Hoidn Wang Partner in Berlin. Hoidn has been teaching at the ETH Zürich, the Rhode Island School of Design, Providence Markus Dochantschi founded studio MDA in New York in Before setting out on his own studio, he worked with Arata Isozaki, Fumihiko Maki, and Zaha Hadid. He has been teaching the advanced studio at Columbia University since 2008 with a focus on Educational and Cultural Infrastructures. Current project include the David Nolan gallery in New York, designed in collaboration with the artist Richard Artschwager, the Advanced Center for Mobility in Aachen, and the Masterplan and design of 40 buildings for the Raising Malawi Academy for Girls, founded by Madonna and Michael Berg. _Educational Infrastructure We strive to redefine the understanding and experience of spatial configurations by combining performative qualities from across many fields and practices. We have studied material, forms, typologies, traditions, systems and relationships, which make the Raising Malawi Academy for Girls and the Advanced Center for Mobility in Aachen, perform beyond pure aesthetics or functionality. The architecture addresses community, mobility, site ecology, place-based energy generation, security, materials and construction, light and air, bioclimatic design, and life cycles. Balancing extensive form and intensive content in the project s performative qualities, they offer a stable solution and a sustainable model for an educational institution. While geographically and culturally distant, they both share the same common goal: to improve the quality of life by promoting education as an essential tool for change Trent Lethco is an Associate Principal leading the Urban Planning team in New York. He has over 13 years of experience and is based in New York City. He has worked locally, nationally and internationally on projects seeking to create more sustainable forms of living and mobility in existing and new communities. Trent has a strong background in transportation planning, urban policy, wayfinding, and funding issues. He also has extensive experience directing public involvement for projects involving multiple stakeholders. His practice is known for excellence in planning sustainable mobility systems and offering technical support to sustainable masterplanning efforts. Most notably, Trent oversees the work of the Lower Manhattan Street Management project which is seeking to rethink the transportation network serving Lower Manhattan in preparation for the reconstruction of World Trade Center and the opening and operations at World Trade Center itself. He also led the transportation planning work on the Lower Donlands Masterplan which has won awards from the Clinton Climate Change initiative and the Institute for Traffic Engineers 2010 Design Excellence Award. His team is pioneering new ways for sustainable mobility and methods for evaluating and quantifying the environmental and greenhouse gas implications of urban form and mobility systems. Trent is a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners, the American Planning Association, the Women s Transportation Seminar, and teaches regularly at Columbia University. He received his Master s of Architecture in Urban Planning (Transportation) from the University of California at Los Angeles and a Bachelor s of Art with Honors in History from the University of California at Berkeley. _ Integrated Solutions for Livable Communities Kunlé Adeyemi _Bridging Africa
9 1608 Steven Dale is the founder of Creative Urban Projects (CUP Projects) in Toronto, Canada. He is a Cable-Propelled Transit specialist with several years experience researching and consulting on the matter. Steven recently launched The Gondola Project, an information campaign in support of CPT. For more information, visit <http://www.gondolaproject.com/> orwww. creativeurbanprojects.com <http://www.creativeurbanprojects.com/>. _The Gondola Project In the late 1980 s and early 90 s a group of American scholars failed to convince the world that Urban Gondolas and cable transit solutions were appropriate tools for public transportation. Twenty years later, South American cities led by Medellin, Colombia aren t just talking about Cable Propelled Transit, they re actually building it. What changed and why? Urban Planner and cable transit specialist, Steven Dale shares his thoughts on why Cable Propelled Transit is now a part of the transportation discussion and how South America was the ideal place to incubate the idea Markus Bader studied architecture in Berlin and London. He lives and works in Berlin, in the overlaps of architecture, art, urbanism and with the means of procedural planing and interventions. Raumlabor Berlin began working on the issues of contemporary architecture and urbanism in In various interdisciplinary working teams they investigate strategies for urban renewal. Raumlabor does urban design, architectural design, build, interactive environments, research. _Berlin field trip and studio visit We will cycle from Märkisches Museum to Skulpturenpark Berlin Zentrum, an artists initiative taking land and putting its interim state on another map. We will take a look at Fellini Residences and continue along the former Berlin Wall to Künstlerhaus Bethanien. We will then stop at Kunstfabrik, make a tour through the building and go into one of Raumlabor s studios for a short urban presentation and a look at Raumlabor s works from Halle and Berlin-Tempelhof / Kreuzberg plus discussion. Joana Carla Soares Gonçalves is an Architect and Urbanist from the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (1993). She has a MA degree from the Environment and Energy Studies Programme, from the Architectural Association Graduate School, London (1997) and a PhD from Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism from the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil (2003). She practiced as an architect in Ana Maria Niemeyer SA, in Rio de Janeiro, between 1992 and Since 1998 she has been involved in teaching at under-graduate and graduate levels and research activities related to environmental design in FAUUSP, visiting and collaborating with educational and research institutions in Brazil and in the UK. Since 2009 has been contributing with teaching and supervision in the Environment and Energy Studies Programme of the Architectural Association Graduate School, in London. Author of the book The Environmental Performance of Tall Buildings, launched by Earthscan in June One of the principal coordinators and authors of the chapter Green Buildings, of the Green Economy Report 2010, supervised by the LSE, London, comissioned by the UNEP. On the urban scale, one of the latest research projects Eco Building for Sao Paulo: Environmental Urban Design was presented in the international conference Urban Age Sao Paulo 2008, and the most recent research project on urban and environmental issues looks at the energy consumption in informal settlements in Sao Paulo, supported by the German institute EIFER. Commissions for consultancy in environmental design include: Petrobras Research Centre, CENPES II, Rio de Janeiro 2004/2005, Library of the Catholic University (PUC-RJ) in Rio de Janeiro , Laboratory of Energy Studies from The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Labcog, UFRJ) 2007, and Aquapura Resort Hotel in Fortaleza _ Environmental Urban Design, energy consumption in informal settlements in São Paulo 1908 Marcio Novaes Coelho Jr. is an architect and Urbanist graduated at Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie in 2000, with Master and Doctorate degrees in Architecture and Urbanism obtained at Universidade de São Paulo in 2004 and 2010, respectively. DAAD/CAPES Doctorate Fellowship holder at the Technische Universität Berlin, Institute of Sociology, Department of City and Regional Planning, from April 2008 to March Partner of Nave Arquitetos Associados from 2000 to 2009 and, since then, of Sguizzardi.Coelho Arquitetura, developing projects, as well as construction management. Architect at CONDEPHAAT (São Paulo State s Cultural Preservation Department) from 2003 to Since 2001 developing higher education docent activity, presently teaching Architecture Project at both University Centres FIAM-FAAM and SENAC. _Urban Policies in São Paulo after the City Statute: a socially oriented debate and the paradigms of the city making. In the span of fifty years, from a principally rural background, Brazil has become a mainly urban country. This abrupt transformation of the nation s configuration engendered a continuous intensification of traditionally strong social contrasts and conflicts. In order to face this condition, in 2001 the City Statute was created, a national law that makes possible a more democratic form of urban management, which has produced different effects in its cities. In São Paulo, a new Strategic Master Plan based on its principles and legal instruments has been approved, aiming the restructuring of the city growth and the confrontation of social and spatial segregation. Since then, new urban intervention processes have been developed under varied circumstances, giving rise to conflicts and negotiations between social aspirations and the long established paradigms of the capital in the making of the city. It therefore becomes clear the necessity of new forms of approach, understanding and consideration of the potentials of the urban tissue and its multiple aspects for the shaping of better living conditions, in which the presentation will be focused on. 1808
10 PARTICIPANTS Wolfgang Aichinger, TU Wien Thomas Bassett, Columbia University Timea Csaba, University of Applied Arts Vienna Claire Dycha, Atelier d Architecture et d Urbanisme Ronald Eckels, Texas A&M University Sebastian Eisner, Akademie der Bildenden Künste München Samia Henni, Berlage Institute Rotterdam Sandra Hiara, Amman Insitute Paul Klumpner, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck Yichen Lu, University of Applied Arts Vienna Paulo Aldolfo Martins, University of São Paulo Carolina Mauro, University of São Paulo Luís Pompeo Martins, University of São Paulo Marta Relats, TU Delft Lenita Rivera, ETH Zürich Phillipp Urech, ETH Zürich Laura Sobral, University of São Paulo Julia Valiengo, Escola da Cidade
11 CREDITS Re-act Lab at ANCB New active responsibilities in architecture and urbanism The Aedes Network Campus Berlin (ANCB) is a think laboratory, geared to the application of space and design strategies. It sees itself as both a networking node for its international university partners and a laboratory interface between the professional world and the public. It serves as a platform for experimentation, research and dialogue in the thematic field of the built environment and its opportunities for future development, and poses central questions about the responsibility of participating disciplines to society, economy and environment. ANCB partners with universities and further institutions, activists, NGOs, foundations, private sponsors and research organisations and enterprises in the area of metropolitan technology. One key activity of ANCB is the Re-act Lab: The aim of the Re-act Lab annual conference and workshop programme is to focus attention and awareness on the challenges, problems and opportunities encountered in the development of both global centres and regional residential areas in developing and newly industrialising countries. Furthermore, the conference will initiate a practice-oriented dialogue between the participating network partners. In this way, challenges will be met and societal and economical potential will be identified, crystallised and made useful. The goal is to sustainably improve living spaces, neighbourhood environments and infrastructure, and to initiate advances in development. The programme will take the form of a holistic dialogue, sharing knowledge in the fields of environmental science and technology transfer. The theme of social, economic and technical sustainability forms the central element of an equitable discourse, posing alternatives to the neo-colonial practices of the past. A research workshop by Secretaria Municipal de Habitação de São Paulo, S.L.U.M. Lab and GSAPP Columbia University New York, ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich, and Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the Escola da Cidade São Paulo. within the framework of the Re-Act Lab programme of Aedes Network Campus Berlin in cooperation with Alfred Herrhausen Society, Doppelmayr, Secretaria Municipal de Habitação de São Paulo, Columbia University, Escola da Cidade São Paulo, Netherlands Ministry of Spatial Planning, Technical University Vienna, Technical University Delft and ARUP Studio Directors: Prof. Alfredo Brillembourg & Prof. Hubert Klumpner (Columbia University, N.Y. / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich. ETH / Urban - Think Tank), Marcos L. Rosa (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich. ETH/ Technical University Munich and Estúdio Tático) and Dr. Eduard Kögel, (Habitat Unit, Berlin Institute of Technology). Coordinating Professors: Lindsey Sherman and Michael Contento (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich. ETH/ GSAPP Columbia University, N.Y.), Marielly Casanova and Daniel Schwartz (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich. ETH/ SLUM Lab Team), with the assistance of Katharina Anna Rudolph (Urban - Think Tank) Guest Lecturers: Elisabete França (Sehab, Sao Paulo), Rainer Nagel(Senatsverwaltung f. Stadtentwicklung, Stadt- und Freiraumplanung), Henk Ovink (Min. of Planning, Netherlands), Irene Feige (BMW Institute of Mobility Research), Andreas Rudolph & Anna Katharina Rudolph (Doppelmayr), Luis Octavio Pereira Lopes de Faria e Silva (Escola da Cidade, São Paulo), Markus Dochantschi (Columbia University), Barbara Hoidn (University of Texas at Austin/ Hoidn Wang Partner), Trent Lethco (Associate Principal, Arup North America), Kunlé Adeyemi (Bridging Africa), Steven Dale (Creative Urban Projects), Markus Bader (Raumlabor), Joana Gonçalves (FAU USP / AA London), Marcio Coelho (FAAM / SENAC / Sguizzardi.Coelho Arquitetura) About Re-act Lab: Re-act Lab is a research format of the Aedes Network Campus Berlin. With a potential-focused rather than problem-focused agenda, it confronts the particular challenges of cities or regions throughout the world by facilitating transdisciplinary enquiry into responsible actions in architecture and urbanism. Learn more Thanks to: and: ARUP, Netherlands Ministry of Spatial Planning, Technical University Vienna, Technical University Delft, bmuk / Margarete Schütte Lihotzky Stipendium. Aedes Network Campus Berlin in partnership with Axor, bulthaup, and the Friends of ANCB
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