MINES AND ENERGY MINISTRY OF COLOMBIA. Geological Survey of Colombia National Mineral Agency of Colombia

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1 MINES AND ENERGY MINISTRY OF COLOMBIA Geological Survey of Colombia National Mineral Agency of Colombia STRATEGIC MINING AREAS AN OPPORTUNITY TO INVEST IN COLOMBIA Toronto, March 2013

2 AGENDA 1. GEOLOGICAL OVERVIEW 2. GEOCHEMICAL ANOMALIES MAP 3. METALOGENETIC PROVINCES 4. MINERAL DEPOSITS 5. STRATEGIC MINING AREAS

3 1. GEOLOGICAL OVERVIEW

4 Baudó-Panamá Arc Geological Overview CENTRAL CORDILLERA Active volcanic arc from subduction of the Nazca Plate under the South American Plate, low to medium grade metamorphic rocks act as host rock for Mesozoic and Cenozoic intrusions WESTERN CORDILLERA Cretaceous oceanic crust accreted to the South American Plate, which serves as basement for Cenozoic intrusions and volcanism BAUDÓ-PANAMÁ ARC Cenozoic volcanic arc and associated rocks, accreted to South America, possibly as part of the accretion of the Panamá Isthm GUYANA SHIELD Paleoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic high-grade metamorphic and felsic intrusive rocks, part of the Amazonian Craton FORELAND BASIN Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary rocks, tectonic response to uplift of the Andes and rifting of the Amazon basin, with the Amazonian craton as basement EASTERN CORDILLERA Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary rocks as part of a thrust-and-fold deformation belt, with a metamorphic-igneous Paleozoic and Mesozoic basement, inverted basin.

5 2. GEOCHEMICAL ANOMALIES MAP

6 Geochemical Database Sample Type Data Sediments Rocks Soils Panned concentrates 4546

7 Anomalies Classification 160 HIGH 421 MIDDLE 832 LOW

8 New Geochemical Anomalies Map MINERAL GROUP ANOMALIES PRECIOUS METALS AND MINERALS 492 BASE METALS 244 STEEL INDUTRY METALS 221 SPECIAL METALS 197 INDUSTRIAL MINERALS 183 ENERGY MINERALS 349

9 Gr 1- Geochemical Anomalies Precious metals and minerals

10 Geochemical Anomalies - Au

11 3. METALOGENETIC PROVINCES

12 Metalogenetic provinces

13 4. MINERAL DEPOSITS

14 MINERAL DEPOSITS Precious Metals and Gems

15 MINERAL DEPOSITS Precious Metals and Gems

16 MINERAL DEPOSITS Base Metals

17 MINERAL DEPOSITS Base Metals

18 MINERAL DEPOSITS Cu Geochemical anomalies for Cu 184 Anomalies 159 Occurrences 58 Prospects

19 MINERAL DEPOSITS Coal

20 5. STRATEGIC MINING AREAS

21 STRATEGIC MINING AREAS BOARD OF DIRECTORS 1. Metalic Minerals Au, Cu, Pt, Coltan, Fe, Zn, Sn, Ni, others General Secretary Juridic Office General Direction 2. No Metalic and Industrial Minerals Ca, K, P, Mg, Al, Ba, S, Construction Materials 3. Control Energetic Office Resources C, U Geoscience Direcction Mineral Resources Direction Hydrocarbon Direction Geohazards Direction Nuclear Direction Information Direction Laboratory Direction STRATEGIC MINERAL AREAS

22 Identification of Mineral Potential Areas Strategic Minerals (Au, Pt, Cu, Fe, Coltan, K, Fosfates (P 2 O 4 ), Mg, C-metalurgic, U) Identification of areas with mineral potential (Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, National Mining Inventory) Definition of exclusion areas Rating Factors GEOLOGY GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS MINING INVENTORY Classification of areas with potential for mineral resources Prioritization of potential areas for knowledge and investment

23 Identification of Areas with Potential for Mineral Resources Total area for strategic minerals (Au, Pt, Cu, Fe, (Nb-Ta), P 2 O 4, K, Mg, C metalurgic, U) Selected area for strategic minerals (Au, Pt, Cu, Fe, (Nb-Ta), P 2 O 4, K, Mg, C metalurgic, U) Total Area km ha Total Area km ha

24 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Areas with Potential for gold (Au)

25 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Potential Areas for gold (Au) in Block 4

26 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Excluding areas National natural parks Regional natural parks Forestry reserves Moorland zones Mangrove zones (RAMSAR) State investment areas (Law 685/2001) Special mining zones Agriculture and livestock zones Mining titles National mining cadastre request Indigenous mining zones Afro communities mining zones

27 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Applying Geology factors

28 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Applying Geochemical factors

29 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Applying Mining Inventory factors

30 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Excluding areas National natural parks Regional natural parks Forestry reserves Moorland zones Mangrove zones (RAMSAR) State investment areas (Law 685/2001) Special mining zones Agriculture and livestock zones Mining titles National mining cadastre request Indigenous mining zones Afro communities mining zones

31 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Classification of potential areas for gold (Au)

32 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Classification of Potential Areas Gold (Au) Classification of areas ANTIOQUIA 4-1 Antioquia1 Au X X X X 2,6 TIPO III A, B, C 4-2 Antioquia2 Au X X X X 3,4 TIPO II B, C 4-3 Antioquia3 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II C 4-4 Antioquia4 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-5 Antioquia5 Au X X X X 4,8 TIPO I C 4-6 Antioquia6 Au X X X X 4,8 TIPO I C 4-7 Antioquia7 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-8 Antioquia8 Au X X X X 3,6 TIPO II 6176 B, C 4-9 Antioquia9 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-10 Antioquia10 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-11 Antioquia11 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-12 Antioquia12 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-13 Antioquia13 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-14 Antioquia14 Au X X X X 4,8 TIPO I 1819 C 4-15 Antioquia15 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II C 4-16 Antioquia16 Au X X X X 4,8 TIPO I C 4-17 Antioquia17 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II 4317 B, C 4-18 Antioquia18 Au X X X X 3,4 TIPO II 644 C 4-19 Antioquia19 Au X X X X 4,8 TIPO I 264 C 4-20 Antioquia20 Au X X X X 4,8 TIPO I 343 C 4-21 Antioquia21 Au X X X X 3,4 TIPO II 90 C 4-22 Antioquia22 Au X X X X 3,4 TIPO II 100 C 4-23 Antioquia23 Au X X X X 4 TIPO II 9 C 4-24 Antioquia24 Au X X X X 3,4 TIPO II 180 C 4-25 Antioquia25 Au X X X X 2,8 TIPO III 40 B, C 4-26 Antioquia26 Au X X X X 3,4 TIPO II 449 C 4-27 Antioquia27 Au X X X X 4,8 TIPO I C 4-28 Antioquia28 Au X X X X 4,2 TIPO II B, C 4-29 Antioquia29 Au X X X X 3,4 TIPO II 6109 B, C 4-30 Antioquia30 Au X X X X 3,8 TIPO II C 4-31 Antioquia31 Au X X X X 2,8 TIPO III B, C

33 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Potential Areas by Mineral (Au) (Au) Total Area km ha Type I km ha

34 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Potential Areas by Mineral (Pt) (Pt) Total area km ha Type I km ha

35 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Potential Areas by Mineral (Cu) (Cu) Total Area km ha Type I km ha

36 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Potential Areas by Mineral (P 2 O 4= ) (P 2 O 4= ), K, Mg Total Area P 2 O 4 = km ha Type II P 2 O 4 = km ha

37 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Metalurgic (C) Potential Areas by Mineral Metalurgic (C) Total Area km ha Type II km ha

38 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia (U) Potential Areas by Mineral (U) Total Area km ha Type II km ha

39 IDENTIFICATION OF STRATEGIC MINING AREAS (Au, Pt, Cu, Fe, Coltan, K, P (P 2 O 4 ), Mg, C-metalurgic, U) Resolution MME 01/30/2012 Geology Geochemistry Geophysics Mining Inventory Potential Area, km 2, ha Selected Area = km 2, ha

40 SERVICIO GEOLOGICO COLOMBIANO República de Colombia Potential Areas for Mineral Resources POTENTIAL AREAS (Type I, II, III) TYPE MINERAL CLASIFICATION AREA (Km 2 ) AREA (ha) I II Au PGE Cu Au PGE Cu Fosfates U Carbón Au PGE Cu III Coltan Fe K Mg Fosfates POTENTIAL AREAS TYPE MINERAL CLASIFICATION AREA (Km 2 ) AREA (ha) I Au PGE Cu

41 Resolution MME february ha Resolution 0045 ANM june ha STRATEGIC MINING AREAS

42 GEOSCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE ON STRATEGIC MINING AREAS

43 AREAS SELECTION WHY AREAS SELECTION To get geophysical, geochemical and geological information needed to offer the first areas according to the following requirements: Best information Areas without any difficulty to detailed exploration and to develop future mining projects ANTIOQUIA BLOCK

44 Mining potential: mineralization evidence, small mining works, Geochemical data and anomalies. Infraestructure: access(roads, ways), electricity, etc. Exploration advantages: relief, outcrops, forest, tectonic setting. BLOCKS SELECTION BLOQUE CALIFICACIÓN FINAL BLOQUE CALIFICACIÓN FINAL , , , , , , , , , ,

45 BLOCKS SELECTION

46 INFORMATION ON SMA NW SE 1. Aerogeophysical Exploration 2. Geological and Geochemical Exploration 3. Information Management

47 1. AEROGEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION MAGNETOMETRY GAMA-SPECTROMETRY PÚBLIC OFFER CGS AND INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE

48 BLOCKS FOR AEROGEOPHYSICAL SURVEY (public offer) Lines 500m / 5km (N20W) Lines 1000m / 10km (N-S

49 2. GEOLOGYCAL AND GEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION 1. Diagnosis of information 2. Standardization 3. Field work 4. Laboratory analysis 5. Data processing

50 GEOCHEMICAL SAMPLING

51 SAMPLING

52 3. MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION 1. STANDARDIZATION 2. SAFE STORAGE OF INFORMATION 3. POLICY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION PUBLIC OFFER OF AREAS

53 NE THANK YOU SW

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