National Inventory of Landscapes in Sweden

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1 Key messages Approaching the landscape perspective in monitoring experiences in the Swedish NILS program Johan Svensson, Future Forest Monitoring, Landscape level approaches are necessary to deal with changing premises and new challenges hll in use and management of natural resources Monitoring is needed to provide biophysical data on conditions and changes, to be combined with socio economic landscape components Data need to be timely delivered, relevant and understandable to decision makers and other stakeholders Links to landscape planning are fundamental to secure implementation and feedback Landscape scale case studies ( landscape labs ) are needed to advance existing monitoring infrastructures To be relevant and applicable, regional (local) and country specific monitoring infrastructures should form the basis for pan national approaches Communication links and tools to approach decision makers, practitioners, the public and other stakeholders need to be developed National Inventory of Landscapes in Sweden Assessment of landscape biodiversity conditions and changes in terrestrial environments in Sweden Forests Agriculture land Alpine environments Wetlands Shores Urban areas Department of Forest Resource Management, SLU Swedish Environmental Protection Agency Swedish Board of Agriculture 1

2 #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S #S 1/13/ km x 5 km 1 km x 1 km Ongoing since permanent squares 5 year inventory rotation (currently 2 years re inventoried) Remote sensing techniques combined with field inventory (Satellite images to get the coarse patterns) Aerial photos / (laser scanning) to increase the resolution Field inventory to get enough depth Scale independent (point stand landscape) monitoring Plot, transect and point methods Landscape The European Landscape Convention defines a landscape as: an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors 2

3 Landscape The European Landscape Convention defines a landscape as: an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors Ural Mountain foothills, Komi Republic, Russia Vilhelmina, northwest Sweden Landscape The European Landscape Convention defines a landscape as: an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors Basically the same ecosystems and societies Differences, owing to political and governance systems, duration of land use, etc Landmanagement problems are shared Solutions are applicable, generally or in modified form A common framework for landscape monitoring approaches can be set Ural Mountain foothills, Komi Republic, Russia Vilhelmina, northwest Sweden 3

4 Vilhelmina, northwest Sweden 1958 Vilhelmina Municipality, northwest Sweden ha 66% forest land 4

5

6 Vilhelmina Model Forest landscape lab Total area ha ( ha forest) Land ownership Private (family) owners: 36 % Private forest companies: 22 % State forest companies: 29 % Vilhelmina common: 10 % Church, Municipality: 3 % Land use ( ha) Forest management: 41 % Protected forest area: 21 % Non forested area: 38 % 6

7 Vilhelmina Model Forest landscape lab Total area ha ( ha forest) Vilhelmina Model Forest landscape lab Resolution is out of range Data is unknown and unused No implementation Societal benefit of the monitoring can be questioned ed Total area ha ( ha forest) Ongoing project Methodological / techological innovations Add / link to socio economic components Close cooperation with stakeholders Continuous test implementation From the ground up 7

8 Monitoring approaches that allow spatial and temporal analyses of conditions and changes on landscape scale are necessary to add data into problem solving,, in particular under climate change and other global challenges 8

9 , in particular under climate change and other global challenges Protected areas in Sweden, in particular under climate change and other global challenges Protected areas in Sweden Biomes move northwards at a 5 10 km/year speed 9

10 , in particular under climate change and other global challenges Protected areas in Sweden Biomes move northwards at a 5 10 km/year speed Effect on alpine tree line in the Scandinavian Mountain range at 3 4 C increase NILS in the Scandinavian Mountain Range 144 inventory quadrats No plots Alpine tree line 50 0 Altitude (m) 10

11 Circular plots with different radius In total 356 variables, whereoff 269 in the field inventory Radius m 2 Variables 20 m 1257 Habitat type Tree cover Land use Disturbance 10 m 314 Shrub cover Field layer Bottom layer Site conditions 3.5 m 38.5 Tree regeneration Understorey trees 0.28 m 0.25 Field and bottom layer species Line intersect sampling y = A x π x m 2 x L A = area of the inventory area m = number of cross points L = total length of inventory lines 11

12 A posteriori classification Composing your own menu of variables ibl gives you the opportunity to address your specific problems and needs A posteriori classification Mixed / agricultural landscape Composing your own menu of variables ibl Mountainous / wetland landscape gives you the opportunity to address your specific problems and needs 12

13 Aerial IR photos allow for high resolution 87 variables (356) 67 for polygons 10 for line intercepts 10 for points General Habitat Categories NILS polygons Classifications into Biohab types 13

14 General Habitat Categories NILS polygons Classifications into Biohab types Communication NILS Flagships Communication hubs Test areas Landscape examples Light version data collections 14

15 For more information please visit nils.slu.se A program under development Initiation 1st rotation 2nd rotation 3rd rotation Environmental quality objectives Authorities / Researchers Landscape perspective Habitat focus Methodological adjustments Training of staff and inventory personnell Focus on field inventory Developing aerial photo interpretation Securing data quality Integration of field and aerial photo data Applications / deliverables Analyses / research Internationalization / collaboration 15

16 Environmental quality objectives Thriving wetlands Sustainable forests A varied agricultural landscape A magnificent mountain landscape A good built environment Reduced climate impact Zero eutrophication Flourishing lakes and streams A balanced marine environment, flourishing coastal areas and archipelagos A rich diversity of plant and animal life Examples of ongoing work Assessment and refinement of the environmental quality objectives Platform for other environmental monitoring and for research Inclusion of complementary inventories Continuous build up of approaches and capacity, including e.g: technology development (satellite images, laser scanning) inclusion of socio economic parameters into the monitoring system Climate change related applications Fragmentation and landscape index Historical data to expand the time series Web portal with data and analyses, free to use EU and other pan national approaches 16

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