Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University"

Transcription

1 Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University by Andrea Stickley Student at Widener University November 27, 2012

2 Abstract In recent years, it has come to light about the impact global warming has had on the environment and what causes global warming. Nonrenewable energy resources release greenhouse gases while drilling and this is one the leading causes of global warming. To combat this, alternative energy sources have been a major investment for companies. One such source is solar energy. This captures energy from the sun and converts it into power and electricity. Widener University uses vast amounts of energy to power the entire campus. Since the university runs on nonrenewable energy sources, it is contributing to global warming. By switching over to solar energy, not only will it be beneficial to the environment, but also will prove to be cost effective for the university.

3 TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS iv INTRODUCTION 1 NONRENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES 2 Definition 2 Fossil Fuels 2 Nuclear Fuels 4 Dangers of Sources 4 GREENHOUSE GASES 4 Definition 4 Effects 5 Future Emissions 6 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES 6 Definition 6 Advantages 7 Disadvantages 7 SOLAR ENERGY 7 Definition 7 Advantages 8 Disadvantages 8 SOLAR PANELS 8 Definition 8 Process of Conversion 8 Facts 10 WIDENER UNIVERSITY GOING GREEN 10 Local Examples 10 Incentives 10 Advantages 11 CONCLUSION 11

4 REFERENCES 12 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Table 1. Primary Energy Source by Use, Figure 1. US Primary Energy Consumption Estimates by Source, Table 2. US Greenhouse Gas Emission in Figure 2. World Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Region, Figure 3. Photovoltaic Cell Sunlight Conversion 9 Figure 4. How Solar Panels Work 9

5 INTRODUCTION Subject and Purpose The purpose of this analytical research paper is to provide information about nonrenewable energy resources and the effects of greenhouse gases to the environment. It also will present ideas about alternative energy sources, focusing specifically on solar energy. I will give material regarding the negatives and positives of solar energy. There will also be information about installing solar panels on the roofs of buildings around campus and their benefits for the university. Background In our world today, people rely on oil, natural gas, and coal to provide energy. These are nonrenewable energy sources that create toxic emissions into the atmosphere, called greenhouse gases. With the depletion of nonrenewable energy sources and the problems that greenhouse gases cause to the environment, people have started to look towards alternative energy sources. The reason for this is because they prove to be more cost effective in the long run and help the state of the environment. One of this energy sources is solar energy from the sun. Solar panels have been invented which captures this energy and allows it to be transformed into electricity and other energies. Statement of Problem The problem is that if people don t start paying attention to the seriousness of greenhouse gases then it will pose a bigger issue for the future. Converting to alternative energy is what people need to start looking into to combat this concern. If the university doesn t begin to convert to some sort of renewable energy source, then in the years to come it ll become more expensive to use nonrenewable energy sources. The university will also be contributing to global warming and harming the environment, which is compromising the future of Earth. Scope and Limitations This report covers research into greenhouse gases, alternative energy sources, solar energy, and solar panels. This report does not cover any data about the university s energy usage, how many solar panels

6 can be installed or the exact cost of installing them on campus. It also does not cover extensive research into wind, hydro, or geothermal energy sources. Going Green at Widener University Nonrenewable Energy Sources Definition Nonrenewable energy sources are those that cannot be replaced as fast as they are being used or have limited quantities (Barry, 2012, para. 1). They do not have an infinite supply and are therefore considered to be precious as their supply is being depleted. The reason that they are being depleted so quickly and have become a focal point for scientists is because of population growth. In the 21 st century, the world s population is growing exponentially and people are using up nonrenewable energy sources at a faster rate than ever before. Nonrenewable energy sources can be divided into two types: fossil fuels and nuclear fuels. Fossil Fuels Fossil fuels include coal, natural gas, and oil (Eriksson, 2012, para. 2). They provide roughly 82% of the United States energy demand (Institute for Energy Research, 2012, para. 1). The breakdown of the three energy sources by usage in the United States, and also including alternative energy sources, can be seen in Table 1.

7 Table 1 Fossil fuels are what make the world go round. They create electricity, run cars, heat buildings, and allow for every day modern life to continue. Due to the enormous dependence on fossil fuels, it would detrimental to the United States if their supplies were to run out. This is because we are unprepared for using alternative energy sources as our main source of energy. Figure 1 below shows how the United States dependence upon fossil fuels has increased exponentially over the past few decades. Figure 1

8 Based on 2003 production rates, it was determined that coal can last for another 192 years, while natural gas and oil will only last for 67 and 41 years respectively (Lincoln, 2005, p. 622). With these startling numbers, it is apparent why they are considered to be nonrenewable energy resources. Nuclear Fuels Nuclear fuels are part of a cycle where electricity is produced from uranium in nuclear power reactors (World Nuclear Association, 2012, para. 1). Uranium is considered to be a common element. It must be mined from the ground and then processed before it can be used to generate electricity (Cameco, 2012, para. 1). While uranium is considered to be a nonrenewable energy source, there is still a solid supply left because nuclear fuel is a relatively new idea compared to fossil fuels. However, if the United States continues to invest in nuclear fuels, it will dwindle down the supply of uranium rapidly, eventually depleting it. Dangers of Sources Nonrenewable energy sources also pose many threats to the environment. The potential danger of collecting fossil fuels is extensive (Eriksson, 2012, para. 12). In the history of the United States, people have seen the negative effects that fossil fuels can have. For coal, this includes miners being trapped, possibly leading to their death. Oil and natural gas both involve drilling with interrupts the natural flow of the ecosystem. Oil spills have also occurred, including two major ones within the United States itself. First, one up in Alaska, and more recently the BP Oil spill down in the Gulf of Mexico. These oil spills not only impact the environment, but also people and the economy because it cuts down on fishing and requires lots of money to clean up. The other problem that fossil fuels pose is greenhouse gases. Greenhouse Gases Definition Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere are called greenhouse gases. The most common ones are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide (all which occur naturally), and fluorinated gases (manmade) (United States Environmental Protection Agency [EPA], 2012, para. 1). Table 2 shows the percent of each gas emitted in the United States.

9 Table 2 * US Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2010 (Source: EPA) Greenhouse gas emissions come mostly from energy use (United States Energy Information Administration [EIA], 2012a, para. 8). This means that nonrenewable energy sources, because they are the United States primary energy source, are directly responsible for greenhouse gases. Since there are greenhouse gases made from nature, the planet is designed to handle their emissions. However, humans have also added artificial greenhouse gases which the planet is not equipped to handle. This poses several problems for Earth. Effects Rising concentrations of greenhouse gases generally produce an increase in the average temperature of the Earth. This in turn may produce changes in weather, sea levels, and land use patterns, commonly referred to as climate change (EIA, 2012a, para. 5). Another term that people use for this effect is global warming. While these effects don t seem that severe, they actually have harsh consequences for our planet. Changes in weather patterns greatly affect the organisms and plants that live in the regions of the world. These changes will then have an impact on the people and economy of that area because they will have to adjust and may not be able to see the same results they once did. Rising sea levels take away land space which people, organisms, and plants can live on. With a rising population, this is going to be an issue because less land will reduce our carrying capacity. This means that people will not be able to survive because the Earth cannot produce enough to enable this. There also won t be enough space for people to live on, causing a rise in the death rate. Greenhouse gases also have a separate effect by contributing directly to pollution and acid rain (Eriksson, 2012, para. 11).

10 Future Emissions Global biological carbon cycle allows for carbon to be taken out of the atmosphere through photosynthesis, respiration, decay, and sequestration. This cycle is a natural process to help rid the planet of natural greenhouse gases. However, because the amount of greenhouse gases produced is greater than that which the planet can cycle through, it has led to increased levels in the atmosphere. Human-made gases also add to this because the planet cannot process those greenhouse gases. As the years continue and populations grow, greenhouse gas emissions will continue to accelerate. This will increase the levels in the atmosphere even more than they already are. As the Figure 2 shows, the predicted level of emissions will grow exponentially over the next few decades. This will lead to even more environmental problems than we are already facing. Figure 2 * World Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Region, Alternative Energy Sources Definition Alternative energy refers to any way of producing energy that does not require fossil or nuclear fuels. This has led to the discovery of renewable energy sources. These resources are available infinitely. The most appealing sources of energy are wind, water, and sun (Eriksson, 2012, para. 18). There is a fourth source, geothermal, which hasn t been fully developed yet. Hydropower refers to using water to generate electricity, wind mills are used to capture wind power, and solar energy uses the sun to provide heat, light, and electricity (National Atlas, 2011, para. 4, 10, & 13).

11 Advantages Each individual renewable energy source has its own advantages. However, there are several benefits that are over-arching for all alternative sources mentioned. The main advantages are that they are non-polluting and help to decrease the emissions of greenhouse gases (Eriksson, 2012, para. 18). Since these energy sources are natural and don t need to be processed, they have very little effect on the environment. Another benefit is their cost-effectiveness and availability across the United States (National Atlas, 2011, para. 2). People do not have to pay for the energy source itself, on the cost to harness it which cuts down on prices. On problem with nonrenewable energy sources is the fact that as they are being depleted, their prices rise. Therefore, with sources that will never run out, the issue of cost will never arise. Disadvantages The main problem currently with renewable energy sources is developing the appropriate technology so that we can use it (Eriksson, 2012, para. 21). Since people haven t put an emphasis on alternative energy until recently, not all the proper or most efficient technologies have been designed to capture wind, water, or solar energy. The other issue is that sometimes these energy sources are not available. There are days when the wind doesn t blow and the sun doesn t shine which prevents people from being able to use alternative energy. The other issue is that installing wind mills and capturing hydropower disrupts the natural flow of the environment. Wind mills require vast expanses of land in order to build them upon to catch the wind. Hydropower also poses the potential to cause harm to fish that live in streams where dams are built. This has impacts on fishing and thus the economy of the country. Solar Energy Definition Solar energy is the conversion of sunlight into usable energy (Power Source Solar, 2008, para. 2). The reason solar energy has become a leading alternative energy source is because more energy from the sun falls on the Earth in one hour than is used by everyone in the world in one year (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009, para. 1). There are many different ways to capture solar energy. It is usually dependent upon the scale of the project, its purpose, and location. The most common technique is solar panels, although solar thermal power plants and passive technologies exist as well (National Geographic, 2012, para. 2, 3, &5). Solar energy can be used to heat, cool, or generate electricity for a building. It can be useful in residential or commercial areas.

12 Advantages Solar energy provides many advantages, some of these are economic and others environmental. The first and foremost advantage of solar energy is that it does not emit any greenhouse gases (Whitburn, 2012, para. 3). This is a big benefit for the environment because we will reduce the damage that we cause to it. Economically, solar energy is 100% free because nobody owns the sun. Solar energy production also helps to create jobs that will be sustainable into the future as the industry grows (Whitburn, 2012, para. 22). It also dramatically reduces electric bills because people are no longer relying on electric companies to provide energy, but instead become independent energy producers. Disadvantages There are really only a few disadvantages to solar energy, but they tend to have major impacts on whether people convert their energy. The primary disadvantage to solar energy is the upfront cost (Power Source Solar, 2008, para. 4). The larger the system, then the more the cost is going to increase. Installing a system to harness solar energy at a university can cost millions of dollars. However, after the initial cost, solar energy costs next to nothing. The other problem is the fact that solar energy production is not constant (Whitburn, 2012, para. 35). At night, when there are clouds, rainy days, and other time when there is no sunlight or it is limited means a reduction in production rates of solar energy. Solar Panels Definition Solar panels are a system of photovoltaic cells wired together to form a large system called an array (Knier, 2011, para. 5). A photovoltaic cell, commonly called a solar cell, is the technology used to convert solar energy directly into electrical power (EIA, 2012c, para. 1). Solar cells are very small and so must be wired together in large groups in order to capture the maximum potential of sunlight. Photovoltaic cells are made of semi-conductive materials, mainly silicon. Process of Conversion To understand the way that solar panels work, it is necessary to look at the process of converting solar energy into electricity through the photovoltaic cells. Sunlight is composed of photons (particles of energy), which when they strike a cell can be absorbed (EIA, 2012c, para. 2 & 3). This knocks loose the electrons within the cell, which causes them to become connected through the two layers within the photovoltaic cell at its junction (Chasteen & Chaddha, 2007, para. 5). This causes electricity to be created. Figure 3 illustrates this below.

13 Figure 3 * Photovoltaic Cell Sunlight Conversion (Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration) The electricity flows out of the cell via metal conductor strips into a wire and then an inverter (Chasteen & Chaddha, 2007, para. 6). Photovoltaic cells generate direct current which to be used commercially or sold to electric utilities must be converted to alternating current using inverters (EIA, 2012c, para. 9). Figure 4 shows the entire process of converting solar energy. Figure 4 * How Solar Panels Work

14 Facts Putting solar panels on roofs at Widener University poses some hazards because they are susceptible to the environment and weather conditions. In southeastern Pennsylvania, one needs to be prepared for almost anything to occur. We have experienced earthquakes, hurricanes, nor easters, and daily weather patterns. This brings up the issue of whether solar panels can handle that. Solar panels are tested to be able to withstand winds up to 125 miles per hour and impacts of objects 50 pounds or less. Most companies also offer a warranty for solar panels that usually lasts about 20 years. This is because solar panels are usually good for anywhere between years. Solar panels are only about 5-15% efficient, but researchers are trying to get that number up to 30% (EIA, 2012c, para. 7). Widener University Going Green Local Examples Colleges and universities around the United States have already started the trend of going green. Initial steps were taken with recycling, paperless modes of homework and assignments, and cutting down on energy use. Recently, however, solar energy has become the new trend for colleges. Two universities around Widener have already implemented plans for solar energy: the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Delaware. The University of Pennsylvania has been recognized by the Environmental Protection Agency as being part of a collegiate athletic conference with the highest combined green power purchases in the nation (Environmental Leader, 2012, para. 14). The University of Delaware is also starting to go in that direction. They have devised a plan to install solar panels on the roofs of three of their buildings on the main campus (Environmental Leader, 2012, para. 12). Colleges have already embraced the advantages of solar power and Widener needs to do the same. Incentives The biggest problem with solar energy is the cost. To finance a project to install solar panels on the roofs of the buildings on Widener s main campus would cost millions. However, we don t have to fund all the money ourselves. Going green and helping out the planet has gotten the attention of many people, and with such a strong alumni network, Widener could have fundraising for this project. The other options are government funding and third party memberships. Pennsylvania has recognized the need to convert to alternative energy, but also the financial restrictions. The state government, along with the federal government, has allotted funds for this purpose, as well as tax credits. Renewable energy credits (RECs) are just one example of this. RECs are financial products that are sold, purchased and traded. This allows a purchaser to pay for renewable generation without physical need of it (EIA, 2012b, para. 6). There are also many grant programs and acts that Widener can use and apply for to help combat the cost. The last option is to have an investor pay for the solar panels and own the rights to them, but the university gets to use the energy produced.

15 Advantages By converting to solar energy, Widener University would be doing many things not only to benefit itself, but also the environment. Solar panels help to cut down on electricity costs. This campus has roughly 20 buildings that are probably viable to put solar panels on which would generate a lot of clean energy. Widener would also gain national recognition which could help boost admissions and alumni support. Installing solar panels has monumental impacts on the environment. The university would cut down its carbon dioxide emissions which would reduce greenhouse gas in the atmosphere and allow the environment to recover and prosper after the damage we have already caused it. CONCLUSION Summary The need for alternative energy sources has become more and more apparent in recent years. Nonrenewable energy resources are not only being depleted at an alarming rate, but they are also posing many problems for the environment. This in turn affects human survival and our future. Switching to renewable energy sources is what needs to begin to happen. They are clean sources for the environment and will never run out. This makes it a win-win situation for everyone. Solar energy and solar panels are the future of energy because of how little they impact the environment and the potential to provide energy for the entire world. Recommendation Widener University should take steps to consider the benefits of going green and making changes around the campus to reduce our carbon footprint. The best way to do this is to convert to an alternative energy source. My recommendation is that Widener pursues the idea of installing solar panels on the roofs of buildings around campus and stop using fossil fuels to provide electricity.

16 REFERENCES Barry, B. (2012). What are examples of non-renewable resources. Retrieved November 13, 2012, from National Geographic: Cameco. (2012). Uranium science. Retrieved November 11, 2012, from: Chasteen, S., & Chaddha, R. (2007). Inside a solar cell. Retrieved November 13, 2012, from PBS- NOVA: Environmental Leader. (2012). Colleges add solar power. Retrieved November 19, 2012, from: Eriksson, J. (2012). Renewable energy v.s fossil fuel. Retrieved October 22, 2012, from Renewable Power News: Institute for Energy Research. (2012). Fossil fuels. Retrieved November 13, 2012, from: Knier, G. (2011). How do photovoltaics work. Retrieved November 12, 2012, from National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Lincoln, Stephen. (2005). Fossil fuels in the 21st century. Ambio, 34 (8), Retrieved from National Atlas. (2011). Renewable energy sources in the united states. Retrieved November 12, 2012, from: National Geographic. (2012). Solar energy. Retrieved November 13, 2012, from:

17 National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2009). Solar energy basics. Retrieved November 11, 2012, from: Power Source Solar. (2008). Solar energy advantages and disadvantages. Retrieved October 23, 2012, from: United States Energy Information Administration. (2012a). Greenhouse gases, climate change, and energy. Retrieved October 7, 2012, from: United States Energy Information Administration. (2012b). Renewable energy explained- incentives. Retrieved October 23, 2012, from: United States Energy Information Administration. (2012c). Solar explained- photovoltaics and electricity. Retrieved November 19, 2012, from: United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2012). Greenhouse gas emissions. Retrieved November 11, 2012, from: Whitburn, G. (2012). Thirteen fundamental advantages and disadvantages of solar energy. Retrieved October 22, 2012, from Green Technology: World Nuclear Association. (2012). The nuclear fuel cycle. Retrieved November 13, 2012, from:

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY 5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY Renewable Energy Key Ideas Renewable energy is a source of energy that can be used and replenished naturally in a relatively short period of time. Non renewable energy

More information

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook.

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook. Do-Now 1.) Get out notebook. 2.) Answer the following questions on the first clean sheet in your notebook. 1.) What are renewable resources? 2.) What are nonrenewable resources? Alternative Sources of

More information

Sustainable Living Student Worksheets

Sustainable Living Student Worksheets Sustainable Living Student Worksheets Stage 4 Design & Technology FW4DT1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to keep

More information

Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment

Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment Stage 4 Science FW4S1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to

More information

FIELD TRIP TO A POWER PLANT - A Reading Guide

FIELD TRIP TO A POWER PLANT - A Reading Guide TITLE: TOPIC: FIELD TRIP TO A POWER PLANT - A Reading Guide Energy and the sources of energy used in power plants GRADE LEVEL: Secondary CONTENT STANDARD: Earth and Space Science CONTENT OBJECTIVE: For

More information

Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013

Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013 Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013 Subject: Science Grades: 4-8 Length: 30-60 minutes Focus: Renewable Energy, Solar Energy Rationale: We depend on energy for every aspect of our

More information

Student Worksheets. Stage 4 Geography FW4G1. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW4G1

Student Worksheets. Stage 4 Geography FW4G1. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW4G1 Student Worksheets Stage 4 Geography FW4G1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to keep life on Earth going comes

More information

Module 7 Forms of energy generation

Module 7 Forms of energy generation INTRODUCTION In rich countries like Australia, our standard of living is dependent on easily available energy. Every time you catch a bus, turn on a light or watch television energy is being used up. Over

More information

Station #1 Interpreting Infographs

Station #1 Interpreting Infographs Energy Resources Stations Activity Page # 1 Station #1 Interpreting Infographs 1. Identify and explain each of the energy sources (5) illustrated in the infograph. 2. What do the white and black circles

More information

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY Introduction Canadians are among the highest energy consumers in the world. Why? (list 3 possible reasons) Northern climate/very cold temperatures

More information

Myths and Realities about Wind, Water, and Sun (WWS) Versus Current Fuels Mark Z. Jacobson September 26, 2012

Myths and Realities about Wind, Water, and Sun (WWS) Versus Current Fuels Mark Z. Jacobson September 26, 2012 MythsandRealitiesaboutWind,Water,andSun(WWS)VersusCurrentFuels MarkZ.Jacobson September26,2012 Severalmythshavedevelopedaroundwind,water,andsolar(WWS)energyresources.Just afewoftheseareaddressedhere. 1)

More information

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability Non-renewable and renewable resources Provided by Sponsored by INTRODUCTION We use energy for everything we do, whether it is heating our homes, cooking a meal,

More information

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2 Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to

More information

ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS

ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS SOLAR POWER INTRODUCTION Energy from the sun falls on our planet on a daily basis. The warmth of the sun creates conditions on earth conducive to life. The weather patterns that

More information

R enewable. & Nonrenewable Energy COMPARE AND CONTRAST. 2008 Thoughtful Education Press, LLC All rights reserved.

R enewable. & Nonrenewable Energy COMPARE AND CONTRAST. 2008 Thoughtful Education Press, LLC All rights reserved. COMPARE AND CONTRAST R enewable & Nonrenewable Energy 13 Foyer KNOWLEDGE ANTICIPATION Will our need for energy someday exceed our supply? Is the Energizer Bunny TM more like renewable or nonrenewable energy?

More information

Energy Quiz. Questions:

Energy Quiz. Questions: Energy Quiz Want to have some fun and learn at the same time. This is not a test. You don t have to pass it and it won t give you a grade. It will just help you learn or find out how much you remember

More information

Why is it renewable? Well, the sun will always be there for us, and we can use as much of the sun s energy as we want and it will never run out.

Why is it renewable? Well, the sun will always be there for us, and we can use as much of the sun s energy as we want and it will never run out. 6. Solar Energy So far we have been looking at how to reduce CO 2 emissions by cutting down on our use of fossil fuels. Now let s look at getting renewable energy from the sun. Why is it renewable? Well,

More information

SOLAR PV SYSTEM INFORMATION PACK

SOLAR PV SYSTEM INFORMATION PACK SOLAR PV SYSTEM INFORMATION PACK Apollo Solar the solar pv professionals If you are considering going green and earning money from solar energy, look no further than Apollo Solar we are fully qualified

More information

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1 MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1. The volume of a given mass of water at a temperature of T 1 is V 1. The volume increases to V 2 at temperature T 2. The coefficient of volume expansion of water may be calculated

More information

ANALYZING ENERGY. Time and Student Grouping Energy Source Analysis and Consequence Wheel: One class period. Grade Levels: 6-12

ANALYZING ENERGY. Time and Student Grouping Energy Source Analysis and Consequence Wheel: One class period. Grade Levels: 6-12 ANALYZING ENERGY Lesson Concepts: Students will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of nine different energy sources. They will use their knowledge to predict what would happen if the world did not

More information

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale Objectives Key Terms and Concepts Introduction Solar Wind Hydroelectric Power Geothermal Sources Biofuels Summary: Economies of Scale Questions for the video if time permits Alternative Energy Objectives:

More information

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students Questions to consider Where are the nonrenewable sources

More information

Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs

Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs Sara Albrecht Background Most of the world s energy is generated through the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas,

More information

Alternative Sources of Energy

Alternative Sources of Energy Amy Dewees MISEP Chohort 1 Capstone: Pedagogy Section Alternative Sources of Energy Unit Description and Rational: This is a unit designed using Understanding by Design, an approach developed by Wiggins

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 The Fremont School District uses oil to heat school buildings. Go Green! is a new project the district will implement. The superintendent has

More information

Impacts of the Renewable Energy

Impacts of the Renewable Energy Impacts of the Renewable Energy Dr. Mohammed Al Muhtadi AUTHORIZED BY AL-NASSER UNIVERSITY'S RESEARCH OFFICE جميع حقوق النشر محفوظة لمكتب البحوث والنشر بجامعة الناصر Abstract The world is very concerned

More information

Renewable Choice Energy

Renewable Choice Energy Catawba College Table of Contents About Renewable Choice The Problem: Electricity Production Today The Solutions: Renewable Energy Sources Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) Who can participate in Renewable

More information

PAMUN XV ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE PROMOTING THE MOVEMENT TOWARDS RENEWABLE RESOURCES OF ENERGY

PAMUN XV ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE PROMOTING THE MOVEMENT TOWARDS RENEWABLE RESOURCES OF ENERGY PAMUN XV ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE PROMOTING THE MOVEMENT TOWARDS RENEWABLE RESOURCES OF ENERGY Introduction of Topic Currently non-renewable resources make up 85% of the world's energy consumption; a major

More information

T E A C H E R S N O T E S

T E A C H E R S N O T E S T E A C H E R S N O T E S Focus: Students explore energy: its sources, forms, and transformations. Students also consider the benefits of energy-efficient technologies and energy conservation. Learning

More information

Environmental Science 101 Energy. Web-Based Course. Lecture Outline: Terms You Should Know: Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment:

Environmental Science 101 Energy. Web-Based Course. Lecture Outline: Terms You Should Know: Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment: Environmental Science 101 Energy 1 Web-Based Course Lecture Outline: 5. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES MODULE 5.1 Improving Energy Efficiency A. Improving Energy Efficiency MODULE 5.2 Geothermal, Hydro and

More information

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

More information

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON-

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- Activity 1 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES PLANNING A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE FOR NEW ZEALAND Identify Natural Energy Sources and their uses Natural energy sources exist in the environment and

More information

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit 3D EG REES WH ITE PAPER How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit Using on-site and off-site renewable energy to mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions associated with a LEED project s energy use

More information

Harnessing the Sun s Energy 1. Harnessing the Sun s Energy: Solar Power for Homes

Harnessing the Sun s Energy 1. Harnessing the Sun s Energy: Solar Power for Homes Harnessing the Sun s Energy 1 Harnessing the Sun s Energy: Solar Power for Homes Dan Tong Cluster 2 July 2008 Harnessing the Sun s Energy 2 Harnessing the Sun s Energy: Solar Power for Homes The use of

More information

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid What Is Integrated Solid Waste Management? This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid waste, identifies the important issues you should consider when planning for solid waste management,

More information

Energy: renewable sources of energy. Renewable Energy Sources

Energy: renewable sources of energy. Renewable Energy Sources Energy: renewable sources of energy Energy Sources 1 It is technically and economically feasible to phase out net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions almost entirely by 2050. A report by energy consulting firm

More information

SPQ Module 3 Solar Power

SPQ Module 3 Solar Power SPQ Module 3 Solar Power The sun is the source of all life on earth. Yet we sometimes forget how central it is to our every activity. We stumble through our daily routine worrying about the mundane tribulations

More information

Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot.

Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot. Equipment: Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot. Activity 2: 3 thermometers, black paper, white paper Suggested Class Level: 3rd 6th Preparation:

More information

What is Solar? The word solar is derived from the Latin word sol (the sun, the Roman sun god) and refers to things and methods that relate to the sun.

What is Solar? The word solar is derived from the Latin word sol (the sun, the Roman sun god) and refers to things and methods that relate to the sun. What is Solar? The word solar is derived from the Latin word sol (the sun, the Roman sun god) and refers to things and methods that relate to the sun. What is the solar industry? The solar industry is

More information

Sustainable Energy Sources By: Sue Peterson

Sustainable Energy Sources By: Sue Peterson www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (consumption, terrain, integral, orbit, originated, contemporary, remote); concepts (sustainable, renewable, photovoltaics, gasification) Vocabulary consumption

More information

S1 Topic 9. Energy and Generating Electricity. Level: S1. Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction:

S1 Topic 9. Energy and Generating Electricity. Level: S1. Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction: S1 Topic 9 Energy and Generating Electricity Level: S1 Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction: This set of ELA materials is designed for students whose academic ability is comparatively high. The whole unit,

More information

showing you all the benefits of solar thermal and helping you pick a system that is right for your business.

showing you all the benefits of solar thermal and helping you pick a system that is right for your business. AMERICAN HARNESS SOLAR YOUR WORKS ENERGY SOLAR TO THE RESCUE FOR YOUR BUSINESS SOLAR Thermal Heat from the sun is a great green way to provide clean affordable energy for your business. With solar thermal

More information

Renewable Fuels. 2008 24 minutes

Renewable Fuels. 2008 24 minutes 2008 24 minutes Teacher Notes: Jodie Ashby B.Sc.B.Ed. Program Synopsis This program begins by looking at why we cannot sustain our current use of non-renewable resources and their environmental effects.

More information

New Energy Alternatives

New Energy Alternatives New Energy Alternatives New Renewables Commonly referred to as new because: not used on a wide scale technologies that are still in development believed that they will play a large role in the future Chapter

More information

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE ESCI 101 - INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE ESCI 101 - INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE ESCI 101 - INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Prepared By: Rajiv Narula, Ph.D. SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND CRIMINAL

More information

FOR KIDS INSIDE. HOW solar power. panels! AND MORE!

FOR KIDS INSIDE. HOW solar power. panels! AND MORE! solar POWER E D U C A T I O N A L I N F O R M A T I O N FOR KIDS INSIDE HOW solar power WORKS ALL ABOUT solar panels! YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED games, ACTIVITIES AND MORE! harnessing the energy solar energy

More information

1. What are some advantages of using fossil fuels?

1. What are some advantages of using fossil fuels? Nonrenewable Energy Resource Description Environmental Impacts Coal Black or brown solid combustible substance. oil A viscous liquid derived from petroleum, esp. for use as a fuel or lubricant. Natural

More information

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description Birmingham City University / Students Union and Impacts Register Waste Production of non - hazardous waste Production of hazardous waste Storage of non - hazardous waste Potential for waste to be disposed

More information

The Importance of the Sun: Solar Energy

The Importance of the Sun: Solar Energy LESSON PLAN The Importance of the Sun: Solar Energy Grade Level: 5-8 Subjects: Science & Visual Arts Length: 2-3 Class Periods The Importance of the Sun: Solar Energy Introduction and Overview INTRODUCTION

More information

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions GIIRS Emerging Market Assessment Resource Guide: What s in this Guide? I. Definition: What Are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate Company-wide GHGs IV. Outsourcing

More information

Section 1. Gathering Information Energy in the U.S. Web-quest

Section 1. Gathering Information Energy in the U.S. Web-quest Section 1. Gathering Information Energy in the U.S. Web-quest Summary Students visit various Web sites and complete the Web-quest Exploration Guide to learn about renewable and nonrenewable energy sources

More information

Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources. Environment and Ecology Standards 4.2 A

Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources. Environment and Ecology Standards 4.2 A Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources Environment and Ecology Standards 4.2 A 1. Natural Resources All of the Earth s organisms, air, water, and soil, as well as materials such as oil, coal, and ore that

More information

The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect,

The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect, Environmental Protection The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect, and enhance environmental quality. The Agency coordinates the state s environmental regulatory programs

More information

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES Students will: identify natural resources understand the difference between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy u

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES Students will: identify natural resources understand the difference between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy u SCHOOLGEN ACTIVITIES This activity enables the students to classify statements about renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. With the support of The Ministry for the Environment does not necessarily

More information

Energy from Electron Transfer

Energy from Electron Transfer Energy from Electron Transfer Batteries and Fuel Cells Energy from Electron Transfer 1 / 29 Outline of Topics 1 Renewable Energy Overview Biomass Energy Geothermal Energy Solar/PV Energy Hydroelectric

More information

FACTORS AFFECTING SOLAR POWER PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY

FACTORS AFFECTING SOLAR POWER PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY FACTORS AFFECTING SOLAR POWER PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge Final Report April 1, 2015 Team 88 Miyamura High School Team Members: Ericson Gordo Nashat Khalaf Tyler Strangeowl

More information

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

More information

Natural Gas and Greenhouse Gases. OLLI Lectures November 2014 Dennis Silverman Physics and Astronomy UC Irvine

Natural Gas and Greenhouse Gases. OLLI Lectures November 2014 Dennis Silverman Physics and Astronomy UC Irvine Natural Gas and Greenhouse Gases OLLI Lectures November 2014 Dennis Silverman Physics and Astronomy UC Irvine Replacing Coal With Natural Gas Greenhouse Gas Reduction by Switching from Coal to Natural

More information

Lab 10. Solar and Wind Power

Lab 10. Solar and Wind Power 1 Name Lab 10. Solar and Wind Power INTRODUCTION Sunlight can be used to create heat or generate electrical power. This is referred to as solar energy. It is a clean form of energy production, which doesn't

More information

CARBON THROUGH THE SEASONS

CARBON THROUGH THE SEASONS DESCRIPTION In this lesson plan, students learn about the carbon cycle and understand how concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in the Earth s atmosphere vary as the seasons change. Students also learn

More information

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed.

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 310 Exam Questions 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 2) What are the three main aspects that make an energy source sustainable?

More information

KS3 Renewable Energy. EcoStyle.co.uk. Introductory Presentation

KS3 Renewable Energy. EcoStyle.co.uk. Introductory Presentation Introductory Presentation Energy Energy is a vital to our way of life. Here are a some examples of where energy is used: Homes: central heating, powering electrical appliances, and heating water Public

More information

Alternative Energy Resources

Alternative Energy Resources Alternative Energy Resources Energy Resource Advantages Disadvantages What are some renewable energy resources? A nonrenewable resource cannot be replaced in a reasonable amount of time. Fossil fuels such

More information

The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture

The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture In a series of papers in 1970-74, Paul Ehrlich and John Holdren proposed the following equation to estimate the overall impact of our

More information

degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it's human activity that's driving the temperatures up, a process

degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it's human activity that's driving the temperatures up, a process Global Warming For 2.5 million years, the earth's climate has fluctuated, cycling from ice ages to warmer periods. But in the last century, the planet's temperature has risen unusually fast, about 1.2

More information

Democratic and Republican Positions on Environmental Issues. Edward H. Klevans, Professor and Department Head Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering

Democratic and Republican Positions on Environmental Issues. Edward H. Klevans, Professor and Department Head Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering Democratic and Republican Positions on Environmental Issues Edward H. Klevans, Professor and Department Head Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering Issue: Climate Change Democratic Position The Democratic Platform

More information

Renewable Energy Sources

Renewable Energy Sources Renewable Energy Sources D. Elango Assistant Professor in Civil Engg. Hindustan College of Engg. Chennai 603 103 Introduction The increase in energy consumption particularly in the past several decades

More information

10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1

10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1 10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1 89 10.1 What is a Nuclear Power Station? The purpose of a power station is to generate electricity safely reliably and economically. Figure 10.1 is the schematic of

More information

Solar systems provide a range of flexible heating

Solar systems provide a range of flexible heating f a c t s h e e t 7 Solar Power Production photo by Alex Nikada Why solar? Solar systems provide a range of flexible heating and electricity options and are particularly wellsuited to remote or off-grid

More information

A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production

A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production Thursday, October 11, 2007 Fairfax, VT Hydro Facility Owned & Operated by CVPS Published by: Winooski, VT Winooski One Hydro Electric Facility Introduction

More information

Opinion Poll. Small Business Owners Support Government Investments in Renewable Energy and EPA Clean Air Standards. April 24, 2012

Opinion Poll. Small Business Owners Support Government Investments in Renewable Energy and EPA Clean Air Standards. April 24, 2012 Opinion Poll Small Business Owners Support Government Investments in Renewable Energy and EPA Clean Air Standards April 24, 2012 Small Business Majority 4000 Bridgeway, Suite 101 Sausalito, CA 94965 (866)

More information

NB Energy Commission

NB Energy Commission NB Energy Commission Feb 10, 2011 Good afternoon Ladies and Gentlemen and members of the energy commission. My name is Yvon Arsenault, I am an owner of an Alternative Energy company based here in the greater

More information

Introduction to Non- Conventional Energy Systems

Introduction to Non- Conventional Energy Systems Introduction to Non- Conventional Energy Systems Dr.L.Umanand L. Umanand NCES/M1/V1/2004 1 Why Fossil Fuel Base? Applications need concentrated energy i.e. high energy densities. Extraction, storage, distribution

More information

Multiple sources of energy will be available, giving the consumer choices. A Higher Percentage of Energy will come from renewable energy sources

Multiple sources of energy will be available, giving the consumer choices. A Higher Percentage of Energy will come from renewable energy sources Editor s comments: Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of duplicate or extremely similar comments made. The headings are editor s best attempt to draft vision statements reflecting the participants

More information

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth.

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth. The Earth is wrapped in a blanket of air called the atmosphere, which is made up of several layers of gases. The sun is much hotter than the Earth and it gives off rays of heat (radiation) that travel

More information

Solar Energy - the closest Introduction. thing to Free Power... What most people want to know first. Solar Trading Post

Solar Energy - the closest Introduction. thing to Free Power... What most people want to know first. Solar Trading Post Solar Energy - the closest thing to Free Power... + What most people want to know first page 1 2008 LLC This ebook is protected by an open commons license. You can copy it, email it, put in on your website,

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question1 Read the following article from the Fremont Gazette and answer the questions that follow. (a) Identify and describe TWO water-related environmental

More information

Solar energy is available as long as the sun shines, but its intensity depends on weather conditions and geographic

Solar energy is available as long as the sun shines, but its intensity depends on weather conditions and geographic Solar Energy What is Solar Energy? The radiation from the sun gives our planet heat and light. All living things need energy from the sun to survive. More energy from sunlight strikes the earth in one

More information

Alternatives to Fossil Fuels

Alternatives to Fossil Fuels LESSON 3 Lesson 3A Lesson 3B Overview Sources of Energy Fossil Fuels Alternatives to Fossil Fuels Students read and discuss what they know of about different energy sources, including the benefits and

More information

Chapter 13 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Chapter 13 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 13 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is the correct type of energy utilized to produce tidal power? a.

More information

Pre-lab Homework Lab 10: Global Warming Prior to lab, answer the following questions to help you become prepared for the lab.

Pre-lab Homework Lab 10: Global Warming Prior to lab, answer the following questions to help you become prepared for the lab. Lab Section: Name: Pre-lab Homework Prior to lab, answer the following questions to help you become prepared for the lab. 1. You will be calculating your carbon footprint as part of lab (an estimate of

More information

climate change is happening. This April produced the record for the first month in human history

climate change is happening. This April produced the record for the first month in human history Tsering Lama Occidental College 15 Climate Change, Renewable Energy, and the Hong Kong Connection In a literature review, 97% of climate scientists have concluded that anthropogenic climate change is happening.

More information

LADWP GREEN POWER PROGRAM

LADWP GREEN POWER PROGRAM LADWP GREEN POWER PROGRAM INTRODUCTION The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (DWP), as the power provider for the City of Los Angeles, is offering its customers a comprehensive green power program

More information

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities, which focus on the reasons for and the consequences of global warming and ways of preventing it. The activities

More information

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,

More information

Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA

Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA Objective of this paper is to provide International Recommendations for Energy Statistics (IRES) with

More information

Understanding weather and climate

Understanding weather and climate Understanding weather and climate Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence

More information

Energy Importance. Emmy Riley - Building Energy Specialist

Energy Importance. Emmy Riley - Building Energy Specialist Energy Importance Emmy Riley - Building Energy Specialist Smart Energy Design Assistance Center (SEDAC), University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Providing effective strategies for public and private

More information

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE DESCRIPTION This lesson plan gives students first-hand experience in analyzing the link between atmospheric temperatures and carbon dioxide ( ) s by looking at ice core data spanning hundreds of thousands

More information

Chapter 4 Forms of energy

Chapter 4 Forms of energy Chapter 4 Forms of energy Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities that focuses on the energy sources and conversion. The activities illustrate The concept and forms of energy; The different

More information

Manure The input to the system, this is produced as waste once animals have consumed plant products.

Manure The input to the system, this is produced as waste once animals have consumed plant products. Resources for Energy System Diagram Activity Labels for Anaerobic digestion poster cut apart and distribute to students Manure The input to the system, this is produced as waste once animals have consumed

More information

Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations. Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations. Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory There is perhaps no single current topic so potentially impacting to all life on this planet

More information

1. Nuclear - In YOUR OWN WORDS (not your partner s words) explain how this energy source works.

1. Nuclear - In YOUR OWN WORDS (not your partner s words) explain how this energy source works. ENERGY RESOURCES ACTIVITY Integrated Science 4 Name: Date: Period: Directions: In groups, you will be going from station to station answering questions about differing energy resource. Each individual

More information

Resources. Water: Humans cannot survive without fresh water. The fresh water we use is replaced by the water cycle. Water is also a source of energy.

Resources. Water: Humans cannot survive without fresh water. The fresh water we use is replaced by the water cycle. Water is also a source of energy. Resources You use Earth s resources every day. When you eat cereal with milk for breakfast you use resources from plants and from animals. When you ride the bus to school you use fuel resources. When you

More information

What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide

What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide Subject Area Unit Grade Time Science Earth Science K - 1st grade 45 minutes Overview This activity reinforces the concept that the sun supplies

More information

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives Ecosystem Ecology Community interacts with abiotic factors Objectives Compare the processes of energy flow and chemical cycling as they relate to ecosystem dynamics. Define and list examples of producers,

More information

Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading. Business Plan

Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading. Business Plan Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading Business Plan April 1, 2011 - March 31, 2014 Table of Contents Message from the Premier...3 1.0 OVERVIEW...4 2.0 MANDATE...5 3.0 LINES

More information

ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology. Solar Radiation. Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D.

ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology. Solar Radiation. Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D. 1 ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology Solar Radiation Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D. 2 The Sun The Sun is a perpetual source of energy It has produced energy for about 4.6 billions of years, and it is

More information