1 UNCONTESTED DIVORCE PROCEDURE Contents AT THE CROSSROADS Psychology And Legality The Easy Way And The Hard Way Should You Represent Yourself? Step-By-Step RESOURCES & ASSISTANCE Overview Free Assistance From The Family Law Facilitator (If You Qualify) Family Law Facilitator Act Services Provided Income Limitations Online Resources Do Your Entire Divorce Online At DivorceYourselfOnline.Com STEP ONE: GET IT TOGETHER Overview Identify The Issues Child Custody & Visitation Child Support Spousal Support Community Property Division Separate Property Community Debt Division Reimbursements Get Specific Gather Documents And Information Community Assets & Debts Income & Expenses Checklist STEP TWO: INITIAL FILING WITH THE COURT Overview Choose The Proper Court Prepare Documents For Initial Filings Prepare The Documents Basic Documents Optional Disclosure Documents
2 Optional Filing Fee Waiver Documents Prepare Copies Filing With The Court Clerk What To Bring With You Be Prepared For Rejection If Your Papers Are In Order Yes!! Optional Take The Papers Directly To The Marshal Checklist STEP THREE: SERVE THE INITIAL PAPERS ON YOUR SPOUSE Overview Choose Which Process Service Procedure To Use Personal Service Substituted Service Acknowledgement Of Service Certified Or Registered Mail Publication Choose A Process Server For Personal Or Substituted Service Legal Requirements Our Preference Prepare The Service Package Have The Papers Served Prepare The Proof Of Service Form Checklist STEP 4: GENERAL APPEARANCE, RESPONSE, OR DEFAULT Overview Decide Whether Your Spouse Should Respond If Your Spouse Doesn t Respond If Your Spouse Responds Option A Do Nothing Option B - File A Response Option C - File An Appearance, Stipulation & Waiver Checklist STEP FIVE: PRELIMINARY DECLARATION OF DISCLOSURE Overview Prepare The Preliminary Disclosure Package Serve Your Spouse Prepare Proof By Mail Prepare & File Declaration Regarding Service But What If Your Spouse Won t Cooperate? Checklist STEP SIX: FINAL DECLARATION OF DISCLOSURE Overview
3 Decide Whether To Waive Final Disclosure Option A - Waive Final Disclosure Stipulated Mutual Waiver Petitioner s Waiver In Default Cases Good Cause Option B Prepare & Final Disclosure Packages Prepare Documents Make Copies Exchange Disclosure Documents File The Notice Regarding Service With The Court Checklist STEP SEVEN: PREPARE & SIGN A MARITAL SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT Overview When To Get It Signed Prepare A First Draft Of The MSA Use The Sample MSA As A Guide General Drafting Considerations Negotiate The Final Terms With Your Spouse Sign & Notarize Checklist STEP EIGHT: OBTAIN JUDGMENT BY MAIL OR SET IN-PERSON HEARING Overview Alternative A Obtain Judgment By Mail Procedure In Default Cases Procedure In Uncontested Cases With A Marital Settlement Agreement Alternative B Set In-Person Court Hearing Checklist STEP NINE: THE IN-PERSON HEARING (WHEN JUDGMENT BY MAIL IS NOT AN OPTION) STEP TEN: SERVE THE WAGE ASSIGNMENT ORDER ON YOUR SPOUSE S EMPLOYER APPENDIX A: FORMS APPENDIX B: CALIFORNIA STATUTES
5 AT THE CROSSROADS Psychology & Legality: If you have made the decision to divorce, you must necessarily move from the comfort and safety and familiarity of the known past and present into the discomfort and danger and unfamiliarity of the unknown future. The task before you is to find a way to leave the past behind and move into your new life with as much courage as you can muster and without allowing the negative psychology of divorce to hurt you and your children and your friends more than it has to. To do this, you will have to contend simultaneously with both the often gut-wrenching psychological processes associated with divorce and with the Byzantine processes of a court system that nobody really fully understands. As anyone who has been through a divorce will tell you, that s a pretty tall order. Every lawyer knows that, just when the parties need most to exercise their rational faculties to care for the needs of children and to equitably divide property and debts, they are least able to do so because, in most (but not all) cases, the parties are emotionally out to lunch. And, sadly, experience tells us that they are often out to lunch for a very long time all too often long enough for them to destroy everything they have built together and to traumatize their children for life. If you want to move beyond the crossroads, the challenge is for you to screw up your courage, stay cool, and to do what you have to do the easy way rather than the hard way. The Easy Way And The Hard Way: The hard way is all too familiar. Everyone knows someone who has gone through the divorce from hell. Attorneys are hired initial papers are filed temporary restraining orders are sought depositions are taken friends and family are polarized children are traumatized and the assets of the parties which may have been accumulated over many years are quickly transferred to attorneys, investigators, and court reporters leaving little or nothing for the parties themselves in the end. Years later the parties look back and wonder how they could have been so crazy. But there is another way the easy way. In this scenario the parties suppress their anger and/or their jealousy. They agree to disagree on who was at fault for the divorce. They sit down and engage in the activity that separates apes from humans they TALK. Negotiation substitutes for litigation, compromise substitutes for polarization, agreements are drafted and signed, and often neither party ever has to see the inside of a courtroom. The payoff for doing your divorce the easy way is tremendous. You might actually get to KEEP some of your assets and your children might not be in therapy for the next twenty years. What a concept!!
6 Should You Represent Yourself? Unless you are a lawyer, the decision to represent yourself in any legal proceeding always involves some quantum of risk. And obviously those risks are greater in some cases than they are in others. The risks are greater where children are involved, where spousal support is an issue, and where assets and/or debts are large. In such cases, it often makes sense to bite the bullet and pay the price for competent legal help. But where the risks are lower and resources available to hire a lawyer are limited, it may make sense for you to assume whatever risks there may be and go it alone. Ironically, the best way to determine whether you need a lawyer in your case is to give one a call. Many lawyers will give you a free initial consultation after which you should have a much better idea of the risks and benefits of hiring an attorney. Step-By-Step: For those brave souls who are willing to assume the risks and to accept the call to adventure, this book will attempt to guide you through our sometimes confounding legal processes. Inside you will find forms, detailed instructions to show you how to fill them out, and step-by-step instructions to tell you where to go and what to do at each stage of the proceedings. The vast majority of the forms and procedures necessary to complete your divorce are standard throughout the state. However, local courts often add minor variations to the process with local court rules and local forms. These may (but probably will not) prove to be a minor irritant as you move through the process. That said let s get started.
7 RESOURCES & ASSISTANCE Overview: We will provide you here with as much information as we can given the limitations of a book of this size. However, along the way, you may have questions which are beyond the scope of this book or which have to do with local court procedures. In such cases it is always best to see an attorney. However, if you are not so inclined, there are a number of places you can go for answers other than the traditional hard-copy law library. If you qualify, you may be able to take advantage of the assistance of the newly-created Office Of The Family Law Facilitator. There are also a growing number of websites containing valuable divorce-related information. You may even choose to do your entire divorce interactively at DivorceYourselfOnline.Com the companion website to this book Free Assistance From The Family Law Facilitator: Family Law Facilitator Act: Based on a finding that there is "a compelling state interest in having a speedy, conflict-reducing system for resolving issues of child support, spousal support, and health insurance that is cost-effective and accessible to families that cannot afford legal representation" in 1996 the California Legislature passed the Family Law Facilitator Act [California Family Code et seq]. The act mandates each California Superior Cout to maintain an "office of the family law facilitator" to assist unrepresented (pro per) litigants to more effectively access the court system. If you get stuck in following at any stage of the process described in this book, you may want to consider a trip to the facilitator s office for help. Services Provided: The Act (Family Code 10004) provides that family law facilitator services shall include the following mandatory services: a. Providing educational materials to parents concerning the court process of establishing parentage and establishing, modifying and enforcing child and spousal support; b. Distributing necessary court forms and voluntary declarations of paternity, and providing assistance in completing the forms; c. Preparing support schedules based upon statutory guidelines; d. Providing referrals to the local child support agency, family court services and other community resources that provide services for parents and children; and e. Providing assistance on child support issues in counties that have a family law information center ( 3:480.1). [Ca Fam (amended Stats. 1999, Ch. 652)]
8 The act also empowers your local court to designate additional duties of the family law facilitator which may include (but are not limited to) the following: a. Mediation: Meeting with the parties to mediate issues of child support, spousal support and maintenance of health insurance. [Family Code 10005(a)(1)] b. Stipulations: Drafting stipulations to include all issues agreed to by the parties (not limited to issues of support and health insurance). [Family Code 10005(a)(2)] c. Assistance at hearings on contested issues: Before or at the hearing on issues not resolved with the facilitator's assistance, and at the court's request, reviewing the paperwork, examining documents, preparing support schedules, and advising the judge whether the matter is ready to proceed. [Family Code 10005(a)(3)] d. Court records: Assisting the court clerk in maintaining records. [Family Code 10005(a)(4)] e. Preparation of court orders: Preparing formal orders consistent with the court's announced order in cases where both parties are in pro per. [Family Code 10005(a)(5)] f. Special master: Serving as special master in proceedings and making findings to the court unless the facilitator has served as a mediator in the case. [Family Code 10005(a)(6)] g. Custody/visitation-related child support issues: Providing the services regarding issues of child custody and visitation as they relate to calculating child support, "if funding is available for that purpose." [Family Code 10005(a)(8)] Income Limitations: The services of the Family Law Facilitator are provided only to low-income persons. Family Code Section 15010(d) says that "lowincome" shall mean individuals whose net monthly income, after deduction of mandatory court ordered payments, is 200 percent or less of the current monthly poverty line annually established by the Secretary of Health and Human Services pursuant to the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, as amended. The act further provides that Family law litigants, prior to receiving the services of the family law information center, shall be required to sign a declaration attesting to their financial eligibility to receive those services. No other efforts to verify financial eligibility shall be necessary. Online Resources: Do Your Entire Divorce Online At DivorceYourselfOnline.Com :
10 STEP 1: GET IT TOGETHER 1. Overview: In broad outline, these are the things you will have to do to bring your uncontested or default divorce case to judgment: a. Identify the issues you will have to deal with. b. Collect the documents and information (the facts) relevant to the issues of your particular case. c. Negotiate, draft, and sign a written agreement dealing with all of the issues (if your spouse is cooperative). d. Follow required Court procedure to obtain the judgment. 2. Identify The Issues: First, before you dive into the details of the process, sit down for a few minutes, think about the issues you will have to deal with in your divorce, and make a few preliminary notes to yourself. Typically divorce issues fall into one of the following categories: a. Child Custody & Visitation: If there are children of the marriage, who will have legal custody and who will have physical custody of the children? Will one party have sole custody? Will custody be shared? If it is shared, will you need an order setting out specific dates, times, and places for visitation or is your relationship with your spouse such that you can live with a reasonable visitation order which will allow you to decide on visitation times without the necessity of a formal order? b. Child Support: How much child support will be paid. When will the payments be made? When will it terminate? Should it be paid directly to the receiving spouse or should it be paid through the court trustee? c. Spousal Support: Will one of the parties need to be supported? If so, how much and for how long? If no support is to be paid now, should the court retain the power (jurisdiction) to order spousal support in the future if the need arises? If there is to be a waiver of support, both parties need to understand that, after the Judgment is entered, neither party will be able to come back to court for a support order. d. Community Property Division: What community property do you have? What is the value of your community property? How are you going to divide it? (In the absence of a prenuptial agreement, community property is generally all property acquired during the marriage [after the date of the marriage and prior to the date of separation] and not acquired during the marriage by way of gift or inheritance.)
11 e. Separate Property: If you have separate property, do you need to make it clear that your spouse has no interest in that property? If so, you will need to ask the court to confirm your separate property to you. (In the absence of a prenuptial agreement, separate property is all property you acquired before the marriage and after the date of separation and all property you acquired during the marriage by way of gift or inheritance.) f. Debt Division: What community debts did you have as of the date of separation? How much are the debts? Who will be responsible for payment of those debts? (Community property debts are all debts incurred after the date of the marriage and prior to the date of the separation) g. Reimbursements: If you or your spouse has paid community property debts with separate property money, the party making such payments has a right to be reimbursed off of the top from the community property estate. Conversely, if one of the spouses has appropriated or disposed of a community property asset, the community estate has a right to a reimbursement from the party who took the property. The community estate may also be entitled to a reimbursement of the reasonable rental value of real property solely occupied by one of the spouses after the date of separation. 2. Get Specific - Gather Documents And Information: a. List Community Assets & Debts: Division of community property assets and debts basically involves three processes. First you will have to characterize each asset or debt as being community property (CP), separate property (SP), or mixed (part CP and part SP). Next, you need to place a value on each asset or debt. And, finally, you need to equally divide the assets and debts. Research: Consult our Legal Library for an introduction to the law regarding the characterization of property. This is a very complex subject. If you do not feel competent to decide for yourself what is and is not community property, you should consult an attorney. Schedule Of Assets & Debts: Take a look at the Judicial Counsel form, Schedule Of Assets & Debts (Form #19). This form lists several categories of community property and debts and identifies documents you might want to gather to help you identify and value them. Our experience tells us that a review of this form will almost always jog your memory and will help you to recall items of community property you might otherwise have overlooked. You will have to fill it out sooner or later in order to comply with the court s disclosure requirements you might as well complete it before you file to help you think about the issues.
12 b. Income And Expenses: If you have child support or spousal support issues, before you can intelligently negotiate with your spouse on the issue, you need to know what support, if any, the court would order in the absence of an agreement. Generally, the court deals with these issues by using a computer program called Dissomaster which calculates support based on a complex mathematical formula contained in California Family Law Code Section. Financial data from both parties is entered into the program and, where there are children, the amount of time each party spends with the children is factored into the calculation, and the program tells the court what Guideline support would be. The court may deviate from the Guideline but it rarely does. Income & Expense Declaration: Take a look at the Income & Expense declaration (Form #22). As part of the mandatory disclosure process, the court requires that the parties each file this form whether or not there are any child and/or spousal support issues to deal with. If you are going to negotiate with your spouse on this issue or if you would just like to know what child or spousal support would be, you might as well fill out this form before you file. Online Child Support Calculator: If you want a rough child support calculation, go to and run the program there. This is NOT a complete Dissomaster calculation but it will give you a pretty good approximation.
13 Checklist Step One Get It Together Identify The Issues Child Custody & Visitation Child Support Spousal Support Community Property Division Separate Property Community Debt Division Reimbursements Get Specific Gather Documents And Information List Community Assets & Debts Fill Out Schedule Of Assets & Debts Income & Expenses Fill Out Income & Expense Declaration Do Child Support Calculation Informal Calculation at Formal Dissomaster Calculation
14 STEP 2: INITIAL FILING WITH THE COURT 1. Overview: The first step in the court procedure to obtain your divorce judgment is to file some initial documents (described below) with the court clerk and to obtain one or more conformed copies for service on your spouse. To do this you must: a. Choose the proper court b. Prepare all documents required by your local court for the initial filing. b. Pay the initial filing fee or obtain a waiver of the filing fee d. Obtain one or more conformed copies. 2. Choosing The Proper Court: To choose the proper California Court in which to file your case, you must satisfy State, County, and sometimes local jurisdiction and venue requirements. 1) California Jurisdiction: In order for California to have Jurisdiction over your case you must have been a resident of the State for the six (6) months prior to the filing of your case. Residence for this purpose means domicile and requires both physical presence (residence) within the state and the intent to remain there indefinitely. The maintenance of a "residence" within the state is not the equivalent of establishing a "domicile" there. Caveat: Residence/Domicile of one of the parties gives the court the power to dissolve the marriage union and to change the marital status of the parties from married to single. This is called In Rem jurisdiction. However, the court's authority to render binding judgments and orders imposing personal obligations on the parties or affecting their personal rights (i.e., support, attorney fees and costs, property interests) requires that the parties be subject to the forum state's personal ("in personam") jurisdiction in conformity with constitutional due process. In Personam jurisdiction over your spouse requires: - Physical presence in the forum state when personally served with process; or - Domicile in the forum state at the time suit is commenced; or - Consent to the exercise of personal jurisdiction; or - "Minimum contacts" with the forum state (but unless "substantial, continuous and systematic," minimum contacts confer personal jurisdiction only in suits arising out of those contacts. If you want to both dissolve your marital status and need orders imposing personal obligations on your spouse, you will need both In Rem and In
15 Personam jurisdiction. 2) County Jurisdiction: Either you or your spouse must have been a resident in the County where you are filing for the three (3) months prior to the date of filing. A spouse satisfies the minimum county residence requirement only if he or she has been "actually residing" (physically present) in the county where the dissolution action is commenced for at least three months. 3) Local Jurisdiction: Many Counties in California have several branch courts. You must consult local court rules to determine which branch court is the proper court for your case. Example: The Los Angeles Superior Court has a filing district locator at which aids in determining the proper court for filing under LA County s local rules (http://www.lasuperiorcourt.org/courtrules/chapter2.htm#2.0) Note: The California Judicial Branch web site provides a listing of State courts at 3. Prepare Documents For The First Filing: Local courts often have special forms not included here. Give your local court clerk a call and see if you will be required to file any such documents before you start to put together your package of documents for the initial filing. a. Prepare The Documents: You may choose to file only the basic documents required by the court or, to save time, you may choose to file both the basic documents and the Disclosure documents required in Step 3. Additional documents will have to be prepared if you are going to file for a waiver of filing and service fees. 1). Basic Documents: * Summons (# 1 on the document list) * Petition (# 2 on the document list) * Confidential Counseling Statements (#3 on the document list). This form needs to be filed only in those counties having a family conciliation court. * Declaration Under UCCJA only if you have children (#4 on the document list) * Local Court Forms if they are required, download them if possible or get them from your local court clerk. 2) Optional Disclosure Documents (See Step 3) 3) Optional Filing Fee Waiver Documents: If you cannot afford to pay the costs of filing and service of your documents, you may
16 qualify for a waiver of the fees. The requirements are set out in the State Information Sheet On Waiver Of Court Fees And Costs (#13 on the document list). If you qualify and you choose to apply for the fee waiver, you will need to prepare: * Application for Waiver of Court Fees and Costs (In Forma Pauperis) (Form #12 on the document list) * Order on Application for Waiver of Court Fees and Costs (Form #14 on the document list) * Notice of Waiver of Court Fees and Costs (Form #15 on the document list) Note: See instructions for filing fee waiver documents below. b. Prepare Copies: When you go to court to file your papers, you will need the originals and a minimum of 2 copies.: * The original to file with the court. * One copy to conform (stamp) for your file * One copy to conform and serve on your spouse Note: We strongly suggest that you have 3 copies conformed in case the service copy is lost. Note: Many local rules require that you two-hole punch at the top all documents to be filed with the court. 4. File With The Court Clerk: After you initial papers have been prepared, signed, and copied, it will be time to go to the courthouse and file them with the court clerk. a. What To Bring With You: Prepare a package to take with you including: * Original and 2 (preferably 3) copies of your basic documents Summons, Petition, declaration of UCCJA if there are children involved, and any local court documents required by your local court rules. * Blank check for the filing fee. Keep it blank the amount is always changing and you may find when you get to the clerk s office that it is higher (never lower) than you thought (more about this below). * Optional original and copies of Disclosure documents * Optional original and copies of fee waiver documents if you qualify and plan to seek the waiver b. Be Prepared For Rejection: Beware court clerks range from happy/knowledgeable/helpful to incredibly sour/incompetent/obstructionist. Thank your lucky stars if you are blessed with the former. If you happen to be dealt the latter, be prepared to leave the window with your tail
17 between your legs carrying a list of local procedures you have unwittingly failed to follow and, perhaps another list of local court forms you have to go home to prepare. c. If Your Papers Are In Order: When everything is in order, this is what will happen: * Filing Fee: The clerk will ask you for your filing fee. This first paper filing fee is approximately $200, is always changing, and is different from court to court since local courts are allowed to tack on their own small fees to the base fee established by the State legislature. * Original Summons: The court will issue you an original summons. PUT THIS IN YOUR FILE AND DO NOT SERVE IT!! You will need to return it to the court later when you file your default package. * Originals Filed: The clerk will file the original documents in the court file. * Case Number: The court will stamp the originals with a case number. *.Conformed Copies: Ask the court to conform (stamp) all of your copies with the case number and date filed stamp. Some clerks will do this others will conform only one and will hand you the stamps to do the remaining copies yourself. d. Yes!!: You ve done it!! You ve taken the first and most difficult step. It is all downhill from here. Pat yourself on the back and treat yourself to a Starbuck s. You deserve it. 5. Optional Take The Papers Directly To The Marshal: If you are going to use the Marshal s office to serve the papers, you may choose to go directly to the Marshal s office to arrange for the service. (See Step 3 for a discussion on alternative methods of service) In most courts you will find a branch office located in the courthouse for this purpose. You ll have to pay a fee (approximately $30) and fill out a form describing your spouse and giving the location where he/she may be found. If you decide to do this, be sure to bring another check to pay the process service fee.
18 Checklist Step Two Initial Filing With The Court Choose The Proper Court Does California Have Jurisdiction? Does Your County Have Jurisdiction? Does Your Branch Court The Correct Branch For Filing? Prepare Documents For Initial Filings Prepare The Documents Basic Documents Summons Petition Confidential Counseling Statement Declaration Under UCCJA Local Court Forms Optional Disclosure Documents (See Step ) Optional Filing Fee Waiver Documents (See Step ) Prepare Copies Originals For The Court One Copy Of Each For Your File One Copy Of Each To Conform (Stamp) For Your File One Copy To Conform & Serve On Your Spouse Optional: One Copy For Extra Measure Filing With The Court Clerk Prepare Document Package To Take To Court Original And Copies Of The Documents Blank Check For The Filing Fee Optional Take The Papers Directly To The Marshal Bring A Check For Service Fee
19 STEP THREE: SERVE THE INITIAL PAPERS ON YOUR SPOUSE 1. Overview: Basic fairness (due process) requires that your spouse be given notice of the court proceedings and be given an opportunity to respond. To insure that these due process requirements are met, the law requires that the initial documents be served in a manner which will provide the court with maximum confidence that your spouse knows when and where to respond in order to protect his/her rights. Basically the process requires a) service in compliance with the California Code Of Civil Procedure, 2) preparation of a Proof Of Service, and, 3) filing of the Proof Of Service with the court. Once you have properly served the initial papers, you may serve the rest of the papers by mail. (More about this below) 2. Choose Which Process Service Procedure To Use: Take a look at Judicial Council form , Proof Of Service Of Summons (Form #10 on the forms list). Paragraph 2 on the form is Manner Of Service which lays out four specific alternatives and makes a reference to Other. Thos methods are: a. Personal Service: Personal service, authorized under Code Of Civil Procedure , is accomplished by having someone other than a party to the action personally confront your spouse and deliver the summons. Note: It is not necessary for the person served to accept the documents and it is not necessary for your server to touch the person served with the documents all your server needs to do is to confront him/her, show him the documents, and tell him that he has been served. If your spouse won t allow the document to be handed to him, your server can just drop the papers on the ground. Service is effected as of the date of delivery. b. Substituted Service: This method is covered by Code Of Civil Procedure (b) and may be used only if a copy of the summons and of the complaint cannot with reasonable diligence be personally delivered to the person to be served. Before your server can use this method he/she must have first made reasonable efforts to have the Summons personally served. Whether this reasonable diligence standard has been met is a question to be decided by the court. However, most courts generally interpret the law to mean that at least four attempts at personal service have been made. Note: if you must use substituted service, we suggest that you either use the Marshal or hire a private process server to effect the service. Note also that, whoever does the substituted service, you will have to file with the court a written declaration ( declaration of due diligence ) by the server describing what efforts were made before resorting to this method. Service is effected 10 days after the date of mailing
20 c. Acknowledgement Of Service: The documents may also be served by mailing a copy of the summons and complaint to the person to be served together with two (2) copies of the Judicial Council Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt of the summons along with a self-addressed, stamped envelope. For other requirements of this method of service, see California Code of Civil Procedure If acknowledgment is not signed by Defendant and returned, service is not effected. Service is effected as of the date indicated at the bottom of the form. d. Certified Or Registered Mail: This method may be used only when your spouse resides outside the State of California. You simply mail the papers by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested. Save the return receipt you ll need to attach it to your proof of service later. Obviously this method won t work if your spouse won t sign for the envelope and you will have to hire a process server or local marshal or sheriff to serve the papers. e. Publication: When your spouse cannot be located for service, California law provides for service of process by publication in a newspaper of general circulation. This procedure requires that you file a motion in court to obtain an order allowing publication and will probably require the services of an attorney. 3. Choose A Process Server For Personal Or Substituted Service: If you cannot serve the initial papers by acknowledgement of service, certified or registered mail, or publication, you will need someone to effect service either personally or by substituted service. You may not serve the papers yourself. a. Legal Requirements: Any person 18 years of age or over and not a party to the action may serve the documents. (See California Code of Civil Procedure ). b. Our Preference: If you have a cooperative spouse and can have him/her sign an Acknowledgment Of Service, you don t have to worry about finding someone to serve the documents. If you do, we recommend against using a close friend or relative whose prejudices and motives may be questioned later. Spend a few dollars and either have your spouse served by a private registered process server or by the local sheriff or marshal. 4. Prepare The Service Package: You will need to put together a package for your process server containing the following documents: a. Summons b. Petition c. Confidential Counseling Statements (in jurisdictions with conciliation courts) d. Blank Confidential Counseling Statement e. Blank Response f. UCCJEA Declaration (where children are involved)
DIVORCE PACKET YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS MAY BE BETTER PROTECTED WITH THE HELP OF AN ATTORNEY IF YOU AND YOUR SPOUSE HAVE A CHILD OR CHILDREN, OWN A HOME OR BUSINESS, OR IF EITHER SPOUSE HAS A PENSION OR RETIREMENT
DIVORCE ANSWER PACKET * IMPORTANT INFORMATION * YOUR RIGHTS MAY BE BETTER PROTECTED WITH THE HELP OF AN ATTORNEY. You can obtain a divorce without the assistance of an attorney, but if minor children will
How to Save Money on Your Divorce An overview of the Divorce process in California, and how to choose the right Attorney for your budget. Brought to you by: Legal Action Workshop The Law Firm that offers
BRETT N. BENDER 420 SW WASHINGTON ST / STE 400 PORTLAND, OR / 97204 P: 971-373-8491 F: 503-270-5281 firstname.lastname@example.org HOW I WILL HANDLE YOUR OREGON DIVORCE 1. GROUNDS: Oregon has adopted the concept
INSTRUCTIONS TO FILE FOR A DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE OR LEGAL SEPARATION IF THERE ARE NO CHILDREN OF THIS MARRIAGE OR THE CHILDREN ARE EMANCIPATED These standard instructions are for informational purposes
DIVISION 7 FAMILY LAW Rule Effective 700. Subject Matter of the Family Law Court 07/01/2011 700.5 Attorneys and Self Represented Parties 07/01/2011 700.6 Family Law Filings 01/01/2012 701. Assignment of
DIVORCE BROCHURE Rev 10/2009 Dear Circuit Court Patron: My staff and I are dedicated to providing the best possible service to those using the Court. With this goal in mind, we developed the attached handout
The Uncontested Divorce Process in Texas This guide is intended to help you use the divorce forms provided by www.texaslawhelp.org for an uncontested divorce. Is your divorce contested? -Or- Is your divorce
. UNCONTESTED DIVORCE: Advice for Persons Who Want to Represent Themselves Read this booklet before completing any forms! Copyright 2010, Southeast Tennessee Legal Services, www.selegal.org. Non-commercial
CIRCUIT COURT Uncontested Divorce Procedures Manual Adopted November 1, 2004. Last Revision Date: August 10, 2015 Notice to party proceeding pro se (without an attorney) If you are representing yourself
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Richmond Division INFORMATION ON REPRESENTING YOURSELF (PRO SE) IN A CIVIL ACTION INTRODUCTION The following instructions have been compiled to
Please read these instructions before you file your papers. These instructions may contain some legal words that are not familiar to you. A list of common legal words and their definitions is attached.
DIVISION 7 FAMILY LAW Rule Effective 700. Subject Matter of the Family Law Court 07/01/2011 700.5 Attorneys and Self Represented Parties 07/01/2011 700.6 Family Law Filings 01/01/2012 701. Assignment of
South Carolina Office of Child Support Enforcement Administration for Children & Families U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Changing a Child Support Order in Your State The information below
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Norfolk/Newport News Division INFORMATION ON REPRESENTING YOURSELF (PRO SE) IN A CIVIL ACTION INTRODUCTION The following instructions have been
GUIDE FOR FAMILY LAW CASES NINETEENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT LAKE COUNTY, ILLINOIS PREPARED BY THE JUDGES OF THE NINETEENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT AND THE LAKE COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION The materials contained herein
EARLY CARE & EDUCATION LAW UNIT Publication Date: November 2013 WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT SMALL CLAIMS COURT In the operation of your child care business you may encounter problems which force you to
Lebanon County Court of Common Pleas Divorce Handbook For Self-Represented Litigants August 2014 I. INTRODUCTION A divorce is a way to legally end your marriage. It is recommended that you at least speak
RULE 63 DIVORCE AND FAMILY LAW Definitions (1) In this rule, Application claim for relief includes a child support order, a spousal support order, a custody order, a property order, and corollary relief
Legal Services for Prisoners with Children 1540 Market Street Suite 490 San Francisco, CA 94103 Phone: 415-255-7036 Fax: 415-552-3150 www.prisonerswithchildren.org email@example.com Manual
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FLORIDA SUPREME COURT APPROVED FAMILY LAW FORM 12.905(a), SUPPLEMENTAL PETITION TO MODIFY CUSTODY OR VISITATION AND OTHER RELIEF (03/08) When should this form be used? This form should
A BRIEF INTRODUCTION INTO DIVORCE LAW: THE BASICS OF OHIO DIVORCE LAW By BETH SILVERMAN, J.D. How can a marriage be terminated in Ohio? There are two primary ways to terminate a marriage: Dissolution or
Uncontested Divorce Booklet For Uncontested Divorces Without Children Under 21 Instructions and Practice Forms New York State Unified Court System This instruction booklet and official divorce forms are
SMALL CLAIMS COURT What Is Small Claims Court? Nebraska law requires that every county court in the state have a division known as Small Claims Court (Nebraska Revised Statute 25-2801). Small Claims Court
The Woodlands Divorce Guide Answers to common questions about getting divorced in Montgomery County What is a Divorce? Divorce is a legal procedure to end a legal marriage relationship. It is available
DIVORCE AND SEPARATION What are the reasons for a divorce? In Virginia, you can get a divorce for six reasons. Two reasons don't need a waiting period: Adultery, sodomy or buggery. These are very difficult
Read the attached order carefully. It applies to you and you will be responsible for complying with the order. Highlights No relocation of child(ren) page 4 Shared parenting and time sharing page 3 Parenting
DIVISION 7 FAMILY LAW Rule Effective 700. Subject Matter of the Family Law Court 01/01/07 700.5 Self Represented Litigants 01/01/07 701. Assignment of Family Law Cases 01/01/07 701.5 Related Cases 01/01/07
About the Collaborative Family Law Institute and the Collaborative Divorce Process The Collaborative Family Law Institute is an association of skilled, like-minded attorneys, mental health professionals
CIRCUIT COURT Uncontested Divorce Procedures Manual Adopted November 1, 2004. Last Revision: April 24, 2013 Uncontested Divorce Procedures Procedure 1. Requirements for divorce to be uncontested and appropriate
Ohio Judicial Conference Family Matters: The Legal System People go to a divorce lawyer for many reasons. Some want to get their spouse's attention, change behavior or send a warning. Others, having given
ACTIONS FOR CUSTODY, PARTIAL CUSTODY, AND VISITATION OF MINOR CHILDREN L-1915.1 SCOPE (a) These Rules shall apply to actions for custody, partial custody, and visitation of minor children and to modification
INSTRUCTIONS: HOW TO RESPOND TO DISSOLUTION (DIVORCE) PAPERS FOR A NON-COVENANT MARRIAGE WITHOUT MINOR CHILDREN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: Domestic violence can be part of any marriage. Domestic violence includes
Consensus of Judges on Multnomah County Court Foreclosure Panel The judges who serve on the Multnomah County Court s Foreclosure Panel have been presented with the following recurring issues, which over
This guide is intended to help you use the uncontested divorce forms provided by www.texaslawhelp.org The Uncontested Divorce Process in Texas Do not use these forms or this guide if: Your divorce is contested*
Case4:12-cv-03288-KAW Document2-1 Filed06/25/12 Page1 of 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA, OAKLAND DIVISION STANDING ORDER FOR MAGISTRATE JUDGE KANDIS A. WESTMORE (Revised
9950EN 6/2015 Getting a Trial Date in Cowlitz County Is this publication for me? Yes, if You have a civil case in Cowlitz County Superior Court AND The respondent/defendant in the case has filed a response
JUSTICE COURT # 2 GRAHAM COUNTY STATE OF ARIZONA P.O. BOX 1159, 136 WEST CENTER STREET, PIMA AZ 85543 PHONE (928) 485-2771 FAX (928) 485-9961 SMALL CLAIMS INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILING ***EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1,
HANDLING YOUR OWN DIVORCE CASE MATERIALS FOR PARTICIPANTS IN THE PRO SE DIVORCE WORKSHOP Do I have to have a lawyer? HANDLING YOUR OWN DIVORCE CASE Under West Virginia law, you are not required to have
Family Law Dispute Resolution Options If you are presented with a divorce or other family law matter which requires a resolution, there are a number of procedural models which may be used. The most commonly
JUDICIAL BRANCH MEMORANDUM To: Attorneys; Legal Assistants; Litigants From: Patricia A. Lenz, Superior Court Administrator Julie W. Howard, Strafford Superior Court Clerk Date: Updated December 16, 2013
Legal Update: New Rules and Forms for Family Law and Domestic May 1, 2012 Gabrielle D. Selden, J.D. Judicial Council, AOC Center for Families, Children & the Courts firstname.lastname@example.org Judicial
STATE EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM - DEFINED BENEFIT PLANS - PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING QUALIFIED STATUS OF A DOMESTIC RELATIONS ORDER I. INTRODUCTION The State Employees Retirement System
Divorce Consumer Pamphlet Series Foreword Divorce affects, directly or indirectly, virtually every family in the country. The following information is designed to briefly summarize Georgia s divorce laws.
What You Need to Know About Divorce There are four main steps in a divorce: 1. 2. 3. 4. Your lawyer writes the divorce papers and files them with the court. The sheriff s department gives (serves) your
Western Mass. Legal Services PRO SE DIVORCE CLINIC OVERVIEW CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 1 CAN YOU GET DIVORCED IN MASSACHUSETTS?... 3 CAN YOU FILE YOUR DIVORCE IN BERKSHIRE COUNTY?... 4 THE DIVORCE PROCESS...
Florida Divorce Procedures What to Expect Legal matters are complex. Divorces are very fact-specific. If you have questions or concerns about your specific circumstances, it is strongly recommended that
ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 2004-14-02 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE NINTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR ORANGE AND OSCEOLA COUNTIES, FLORIDA AMENDED ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER RE: FAMILY MEDIATION PROVIDING FOR MANDATORY
Divorce in Florida CAN YOUR MARRIAGE BE SAVED? Before you take any legal steps to end your marriage, you should make sure that you have tried all possible ways to save it. Do you want professional help
Updated: March 10, 2005 The Self Help Legal Center SIU School Of Law Carbondale, IL 62901 (618) 453-3217 Disclaimer Please read 2 This packet of information was prepared to answer general questions and
RULES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS OF LEBANON COUNTY FAMILY DIVISION Rule No. Page 52-FD-1900 General 1 52-FD-1901.3 Commencement of Action Pursuant to Protection From Abuse Act 1 52-FD-1910.4 Commencement
Missouri Small Claims Court Handbook The Missouri Bar Young Lawyers' Section TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION TO THE SMALL CLAIMS COURT...1 Page II. THINGS TO CONSIDER BEFORE BRINGING A CLAIM...1 A. WHO
The hub of pro bono legal assistance in Philadelphia since 1981 Child Support In Philadelphia Brenna Simonson Philadelphia VIP Legal Intern Prepared July 2015 Philadelphia VIP I 1500 Walnut Street, Suite
Divorce in Ohio Instruction Packet Table of Contents You Can Get a Divorce in Ohio If...3 What Else to Do, Other than Get Divorced?...4 Counseling...4 Dissolution of Marriage...4 Legal Separation...4 What
Divorce Law in Iowa When the Family Has Questions and Answers About Iowa Law on Divorce Issues Iowa Legal Aid iowalegalaid.org IMPORTANT NOTICE: READ THIS INFORMATION BEFORE USING ANY PART OF THIS PUBLICATION
SUPERIOR COURT OF THE COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES If you are a subscriber of Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc. and you, or your dependent, have been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder, you could receive
SELF- SERVICE GUIDE FOR DIVORCE CASES SUPERIOR COURT OF ARIZONA This booklet is designed to give you in depth information about getting a divorce in Arizona and to let you know the usual steps which are
Sixth Judicial Circuit Champaign County How to do a Wage Deduction Proceeding If you already have a money judgment against someone, you are the Petitioner. The other party, who owes you the money, is the
Tioga county DIVORCE WHERE PARTIES CONSENT TO THE DIVORCE AND NO PROPERTY NEEDS TO BE DIVIDED Self help divorce kit IT IS STRONGLY RECOMMENDED THAT YOU CONSULT AN ATTORNEY!! DISCLAIMER THE STAFF IN ANY
February, 2007 The Self Help Legal Center Southern Illinois University School Of Law Carbondale, IL 62901 (618) 453-3217 e-mail: email@example.com 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents 2 Disclaimer 3 Warning
The Uncontested Divorce Process in Texas This guide is intended to help you use the uncontested divorce forms provided by www.texaslawhelp.org Is your divorce contested? -Or- Is your divorce uncontested?
SUPERIOR COURT OF STANISLAUS COUNTY SELF HELP CENTER STEP-PARENT ADOPTIONS AND TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS Material prepared and/or distributed by the Superior Court Clerk s Office IS INTENDED FOR INFORMATIONAL
INSTRUCTIONS UNCONTESTED DIVORCE PACKET WITH CHILDREN (For the Island of O ahu) WHO CAN FILE FOR DIVORCE? In order to file a divorce action in the Family Court of the First Circuit (on O ahu), you must
INFORMATION ON DIVORCE IN FLORIDA CAN YOUR MARRIAGE BE SAVED? Are you sure your marriage cannot be saved? Before you take any legal steps to end your marriage, you may consider possible ways to save it.
PRO SE DIVORCE These forms, information and instructions have been developed so you will not need a lawyer to file for a no fault consensual divorce. You may file legal papers and appear in court by yourself.
Utah Family Law, LC Tel. No. 801-466-9277 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Attorney Eric K. Johnson - Attorney Russell W. Hartvigsen Mail: 2666 South 2000 East, Suite 101 Salt Lake City Utah 84109 REMEMBER:
EARLY CARE & EDUCATION LAW PROJECT Publication Date: May 2010 WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT SMALL CLAIMS COURT In the operation of your child care business you may encounter problems which force you to go
SELF-REPRESENTED LITIGANT PETITION FOR DIVORCE UNDER ARTICLE 103 (with no children) This form is intended for litigants who:./ Have no children and wish to ask the court for a divorce under Louisiana Civil
Information for pro se litigants navigating the divorce process in King County Superior Court DIVORCE ROADMAP Purpose To help people going through a divorce better understand and navigate the legal system.
Divorce for Same-Sex Couples Who Live in Non-Recognition States: A Guide For Attorneys BACKGROUND A growing number of states recognize marriages between same-sex spouses, or comprehensive registered domestic
DIVORCE General Information Packet#1 Are you heading for a Divorce? This first packet of information will give you an overall view of what is needed in order for you to get a divorce. You will find out
Senate Bill No. 510 Passed the Senate September 9, 2009 Secretary of the Senate Passed the Assembly August 24, 2009 Chief Clerk of the Assembly This bill was received by the Governor this day of, 2009,
7 th JMTC Legal Assistance Information Divorce & Separation Overseas Please note that this Information Paper only provides basic information and is not intended to serve as a substitute for personal consultations
TAKE-1 DIVORCE, ALIMONY and PROPERTY DIVISION XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS LEGAL ASSISTANCE OFFICE DIVORCE, ALIMONY, AND PROPERTY DIVISION 1. Q. CAN A MILITARY ATTORNEY OBTAIN A DIVORCE IN NORTH CAROLINA FOR ME?
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND THE NEW MEXICO FAMILY VIOLENCE PROTECTION ACT This information guide is general in nature and is not designed to give legal advice. The court does not guarantee the legal sufficiency
THE DIVORCE PROCESS: WHAT TO EXPECT Contents What To Expect...1 Retaining an Attorney...2 Commencing the Divorce...3 The Uncontested Divorce...4 The Contested Divorce...5 Statement of Net Worth...6 The
Form 15-3 Form 15-3 This form is written for a divorce case but may be reworded as appropriate for any other family law situation. Purpose [Name of wife] and [name of husband] (the parties ) have chosen
Revised 1.1.15 DIVORCE WITHOUT MINOR CHILDREN For Respondent Only PINAL COUNTY NON-COVENANT MARRIAGE Response to Divorce Petition INSTRUCTIONAL FORMS Provided as a Public Service by Amanda Stanford Clerk
DIVORCE IOI HOW TO PLAN AND PREPARE FOR A DIVORCE ACTION Prepared by: KANSAS LEGAL SERVICES To apply for assistance: 1-316-267-3975 (Wichita Area) 1-800-723-6953 (outside of Wichita) For pro se legal forms
Basic Virginia Divorce Procedures By: Richard J. Byrd Basic Virginia Divorce Procedure By: Richard J. Byrd * The formal requirements to obtain a divorce in Virginia are basically the same for a contested
TAKE-1 YOU AND YOUR LAWYER XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS LEGAL ASSISTANCE OFFICE YOU AND YOUR LAWYER 1. Q. HOW DO I CHOOSE A PRIVATE ATTORNEY? A. There are many ways to select a private attorney if you do not have