LESSON NOTES Lower Beginner S1 #1 Talking About Yourself in Finnish

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LESSON NOTES Lower Beginner S1 #1 Talking About Yourself in Finnish"

Transcription

1 LESSON NOTES Lower Beginner S1 #1 Talking About Yourself in Finnish CONTENTS 2 Finnish 2 English 2 Vocabulary 2 Sample Sentences 3 Vocabulary Phrase Usage 4 Grammar 7 Cultural Insight # 1 COPYRIGHT 2013 INNOVATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2 FINNISH 1. Petri: Minä olen Petri Lahtinen. Olen ohjelmoija. Aloitan tänään uuden työn. Se on mielenkiintoista. Minulla oli onnea, kun sain paikan. ENGLISH 1. Petri: I'm Petri Lahtinen. I'm a programmer. I'll start at a new job today. It's interesting. I was lucky to get the job. VOCABULARY Finnish English Class paikka place, position; seat; job noun ohjelmoija programmer noun aloittaa to start, to begin verb tänään today noun uusi new adjective työ job, work noun mielenkiintoinen interesting adjective onni luck, fortune, happiness noun kun when conjunction saada to get, to receive verb SAMPLE SENTENCES FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #1 - TALKI NG ABOUT YOURS ELF I N FI NNI S H 2

3 Onko tämä varmasti oikea paikka? "Are you sure this is the right place?" Aloit an huomenna uuden kirjan. "I'll start a new book tomorrow." T iinalla on uusi kampaus. "T iina has a new hairstyle." Tämä kirja on todella mielenkiint oinen. "T his book is really interesting." Tulen heti, kun tämä on valmis. "I'll come as soon as this is ready." Ohjelmoija käytti tietokonetta. "The programmer used the computer." Olen t änään kiireinen. "I m busy today." Etsin uutta työtä. "I'm looking for a new job." Raha ei tuo onnea. "Money doesn't make you happy." Mies saa rahaa. "T he man receives money." VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE aloittaa ("to start, to begin") The verb aloittaa is a transitive verb, so it always takes an object (although the object can be dropped from the sentence if understood from the context). So you can say Tiina aloitti uuden kirjan ("Tiina started a new book"), but you cannot say "The book started well" using this verb. For that purpose, you would need the related intransitive verb alkaa: Kirja alkoi hyvin ("The book started well"). onni ("luck, fortune, happiness") The Finnish word onni covers both the kind of luck you may or may not have when gambling, and the kind of happiness that may come from the small things in life, such as reading a good book or going to movies with a friend. paikka ("place, position; seat; job") The word paikka can be used in many of the contexts where you would use "place" in English, both in a concrete and a figurative sense. It can also be used for a seat, for example in a theater: Haluan hyvän paikan ("I want a good seat"). It may also FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #1 - TALKI NG ABOUT YOURS ELF I N FI NNI S H 3

4 be used for a job, and in this sense you will often see the compound word työpaikka, which can mean both a "job" and a "workplace," depending on the context. GRAMMAR The Focus of this Lesson is a Review of the Nominative, Partitive, and Genitive Cases. Minä olen Petri Lahtinen. Minulla oli onnea, kun sain paikan. "I'm Petri Lahtinen. I was lucky to get the job." In this lesson, we review the basic use of the nominative, partitive, and genitive cases. They are the key to understanding Finnish since, unlike in English, the grammatical relationships between words are not tied to word order. Word order is relatively free in Finnish, and it is the case endings that show which word is the subject of the sentence and which is the object or complement. Let's look at each case in turn. The Nominative Case The nominative case is the dictionary form of a noun, adjective, numeral, or pronoun. It is often the case of the subject of a sentence. It indicates an entirety of some kind, as opposed to the partitive, which expresses a part of something. In A on B ("A is B") type sentences, B is in the nominative case when the subject is a specified, definite entity. In certain kinds of sentences (such as sentences with an unspecified human actor, also known as the Finnish "passive") there is no explicit subject, and then the object of the sentence may be in the nominative case. For example: 1. Kalle on poika. "Kalle is a boy." 2. Omena on kylmä. "The apple is cold." 3. Maito kaatui pöydälle. "(All) the milk was spilled on the table." 4. Pojat pelaavat jalkapalloa. "The boys play soccer." 5. Poliisi ottaa varkaan kiinni. "The police will catch the thief." FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #1 - TALKI NG ABOUT YOURS ELF I N FI NNI S H 4

5 6. Varas otetaan kiinni. "The thief will be caught." Examples from the dialogue: 1. Minä olen Petri Lahtinen. "I'm Petri Lahtinen." 2. Olen ohjelmoija. "I'm a programmer." The Partitive Case The partitive case indicates a part or an unspecified amount or number of something. The object is in the partitive case when the action only affects part of the object or is ongoing or habitual. In A on B type sentences, B is in the partitive when it's an adjective modifying a mass noun. Also the subject can be in the partitive if it's indefinite or unspecified. The partitive is used in negative sentences and questions. The partitive ending is -a/-ä or -ta/-tä, depending on the last letters of the word. For example: 1. Maija söi omenaa." Maija ate some apple." 2. Maito on kylmää. "The milk is cold." 3. Pojat pelaavat jalkapalloa. "The boys play soccer." 4. Maitoa kaatui pöydälle. "Some milk was spilled on the table." (Literally: "Some milk fell on the table.") 5. Maalari maalasi taloa. "The painter was painting a house." 6. Oletko nähnyt Tiinaa? "Have you seen Tiina?" FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #1 - TALKI NG ABOUT YOURS ELF I N FI NNI S H 5

6 7. En ole nähnyt Tiinaa. "I haven't seen Tiina." Examples from this Dialogue: 1. Se on mielenkiintoista. "It's interesting." 2. Minulla oli onnea, kun sain paikan. "I was lucky to get the job." The Genitive Case The genitive case indicates either possession or (when it's the object that is in the genitive case) the fact that the action affects the entire object or that the action in complete. The genitive ending is -n. For example: 1. Tiinan hame on sininen. "Tiina's skirt is blue." 2. Maija söi omenan. "Maija ate an (entire) apple." 3. Äiti kaatoi maitolasin. "Mother knocked over a glass of milk." 4. Maalari maalasi talon punaiseksi. "The painter painted the house red." Examples from this dialogue: 1. Aloitan tänään uuden työn. "I'll start a new job today." 2. Minulla oli onnea, kun sain paikan. "I was lucky to get the job." Changes in the Word Stem FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #1 - TALKI NG ABOUT YOURS ELF I N FI NNI S H 6

7 One of the trickier parts of Finnish grammar for beginners is consonant gradation. It means that certain kinds of word stems change depending on what kind of an ending is attached to them. It may seem daunting at first, but you will get a feeling for it, because you see it all the time. Consonant gradation affects the last consonants of a word if there is one or more k, p, or t. One of the consonants may be dropped (kk For example: 1. Tämä paikka on vapaa. "This seat is free." 2. Haluan hyvän paikan. "I want a good seat." 3. Äiti lukee kirjaa. "Mother is reading a book." 4. Minä luen äidin kirjaa. "I'm reading Mother's book." 5. Tämä muki on isompi. "This mug is bigger." 6. Haluan isomman mukin. "I want a bigger mug." CULTURAL INSIGHT Attitudes to Work in Finland In the past, many people worked for the same company all their lives. These days, this is very seldom the case. Young people may stay in one company for 2-4 years before moving on to another company in search of a better salary or more interesting tasks. Young people may be anxious about the requirements set by employers, but on the other hand, many young people are also very particular about what they want to do. They are very much aware of the great portion of their time they spend working, and they want work to be interesting and enjoyable. Just making money is not good enough for many. If the work turns out to be boring or meaningless, they are quick to start investigating other options. The post-world War II generations worked hard because they were expected to. Their FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #1 - TALKI NG ABOUT YOURS ELF I N FI NNI S H 7

8 grandchildren work hard if they like what they are doing. If they don't like it, they do just what they have to or find another job if they can. Unemployment, though not quite as bad as in some other European countries, is a big problem. FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #1 - TALKI NG ABOUT YOURS ELF I N FI NNI S H 8

9 LESSON NOTES Lower Beginner S1 #2 Asking For Directions in a Finnish City CONTENTS 2 Finnish 2 English 2 Vocabulary 3 Sample Sentences 3 Vocabulary Phrase Usage 4 Grammar 8 Cultural Insight # 2 COPYRIGHT 2013 INNOVATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

10 FINNISH 1. Petri: Anteeksi, mutta missä on Lönnrotinkatu? 2. Ohikulkija: Käänny seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle ja sitten suoraan. 3. Petri: Kuinka pitkälle? 4. Ohikulkija: Kun vasemmalta näkyy puisto, olet Lönnrotinkadulla. 5. Petri: Kiitos! ENGLISH 1. Petri: Excuse me, but where is Lönnrotinkatu? 2. Passer-by: Turn right at the next crossing, and then straight. 3. Petri: How far? 4. Passer-by: When you see a park on the left, you're in Lönnrotinkatu. 5. Petri: Thank you! VOCABULARY Finnish English Class anteeksi excuse me, I'm sorry adverb kääntyä to turn verb seuraava next noun risteys crossing noun FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #2 - AS KI NG FOR DI RECTI ONS I N A FI NNI S H CI TY 2

11 oikea right noun suora straight adjective pitkä long adjective vasen left noun näkyä to be visible verb puisto park noun SAMPLE SENTENCES Anteeksi, että olen myöhässä. "I'm sorry I'm late." Seuraava bussi on täydellinen meille. "The next bus is perfect for us." Suomessa ajamme oikealla puolella. In Finland we drive on the right side. Sinne on pitkä matka. "It's a long way there." Taivaalla näkyy t äht iä. "You can see stars in the sky." Kääntykää ensin vasemmalle, sitten oikealle. First turn lef t, then right. Tämä on vilkas risteys. "T his is a busy crossing." Tämä tie on suora. "This road is straight." Älä koskaan käänny vasemmalle tästä. Never turn lef t here. Isä saapuu puist oon. T he f ather arrives at the park. VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE anteeksi ("excuse me, I'm sorry") Anteeksi is the word used for asking for forgiveness when you have done FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #2 - AS KI NG FOR DI RECTI ONS I N A FI NNI S H CI TY 3

12 something wrong or annoyed someone. It can be used by itself, but if you want to say what you are sorry for, you say Anteeksi, että... and then a sentence saying what you did (or are about to do). For example, Anteeksi, että häiritsen ("I'm sorry to disturb you"); Anteeksi, että kaadoin maidon pöydälle ("I'm sorry for spilling the milk on the table"). It is a polite way of getting someone's attention when you want to ask something. Unlike "I'm sorry" in English, it cannot be used as an expression of sympathy in the sense of "I'm sorry to hear that." oikea ("right") Like in English, oikea has a dual meaning. It means both "true, correct" and the opposite of "left." näkyä ("to be visible") In lesson 1, we had the verb aloittaa, which was a transitive verb needing an object. Näkyä, in contrast, is an intransitive verb that does not take an object. The thing that is seen is the subject of the sentence: Puistossa ei näkynyt lapsia ("There were no children to be seen in the park"). GRAMMAR The Focus of this Lesson is a Review of the Locative Cases That Are Needed for Expressing Location and Direction Käänny seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle ja sitten suoraan. "Turn right at the next crossing and then straight." There are six locative cases in Finnish. They are divided into three "inner" and three "outer" locatives. The inner locative cases express being in, movement out of, and movement into some kind of a closed environment, such as a box or cabinet. The outer locative cases express being on, movement from the top of, and movement onto some kind of surface, such as a table or floor. In addition to these concrete basic meanings, each locative case has some special uses. Let's look at each group of cases separately. The Inner Locative Cases Below is a table of sample sentences of the basic concrete uses of the inner locative cases. Note the consonant gradation: kaapissa - kaapista - kaappiin. Inessive (-ssa/-ssä) Elative (-sta/-stä) Illative (vowel + n) FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #2 - AS KI NG FOR DI RECTI ONS I N A FI NNI S H CI TY 4

13 Jussi on talossa. "Jussi is in the house." Lautanen on kaapissa. "The plate is in the cabinet." Puistossa on paljon ihmisiä. "There are a lot of people in the park." Isä ui mielellään järvessä. "Dad likes to swim in the lake." Jussi tulee talosta. "Jussi comes out of the house." Ota lautanen kaapista. "Take the plate from the cabinet." Puistosta tulee paljon ihmisiä. "There are a lot of people coming from the park." Isä onki järvestä ison kalan. "Dad angled a big fish from the lake." Jussi menee taloon. "Jussi goes into the house." Laita lautanen kaappiin. "Put the plate in the cabinet." Puistoon menee paljon ihmisiä. "There iare a lot of people going to the park." Isä heitti kalan takaisin järveen. "Dad threw the fish back into the lake." Direction-related phrases that have inner locative cases Below are some examples of useful phrases that have inner locative cases. Examples: 1. Anteeksi, mutta missä olen? "Excuse me, but where am I?" 2. Mistä nelosen raitiovaunu menee? "From where does the tram number four go?" (i.e. "What is the route of tram number four?") 3. Minne tämä tie vie? "Where does this road go?" 4. Se on tässä ihan lähellä. "It's quite close by here." 5. Käänny seuraavasta kulmasta oikealle. "Turn right at the next corner." 6. Käänny liikennevaloista vasemmalle. "Turn left at the traffic lights." FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #2 - AS KI NG FOR DI RECTI ONS I N A FI NNI S H CI TY 5

14 7. Aja tästä kolme kilometriä suoraan ja käänny sitten keskustaan päin. "From here, drive three km straight ahead, and then turn towards the city center." 8. Aja viisi kilometriä pohjoiseen ja sitten käänny länteen. "Drive five kilometers to the north and then turn to the west." 9. Punkaharju on täältä kymmenen kilometriä itään. "Punkaharju is ten kilometers to the east from here." Examples from this dialogue: 1. Anteeksi, mutta missä on Lönnrotinkatu? "Excuse me, but where is Lönnrotinkatu?" 2. Käänny seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle ja sitten suoraan. "Turn right at the next crossing, and then straight." The Outer Locative Cases Below is a table of sample sentences of the basic concrete uses of the outer locative cases. Adessive (-lla/-llä) Ablat ive (-lta/-ltä) Allat ive (-lle) Jussi on pihalla. "Jussi is in the yard." Lautanen on pöydällä. "The plate is on the table." Torilla on paljon ihmisiä. "There are a lot of people in the marketplace." Jussi tulee pihalta. "Jussi comes from the yard." Ota lautanen pöydältä. "Take the plate from the table." Torilta tulee paljon ihmisiä. "There are a lot of people coming from the marketplace." Jussi menee pihalle. "Jussi goes to the yard." Laita lautanen pöydälle. "Put the plate on the table." Torille menee paljon ihmisiä. "There are a lot of people going to the marketplace." FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #2 - AS KI NG FOR DI RECTI ONS I N A FI NNI S H CI TY 6

15 Isä istuu mielellään rannalla. "Dad likes to sit on the shore." Isä otti rannalta kiven. "Dad took a stone from the shore." Isä heitti kiven takaisin rannalle. "Dad threw the stone back to the shore." Direction-related phrases that have outer locative cases The following examples have useful phrases that are in the outer locative cases. Examples: 1. Millä kadulla teatteri on? "What street is the theater on?" 2. Miltä laiturilta juna lähtee? "Which platform will the train leave from?" 3. Mille bussipysäkille minun pitää mennä? "Which bus stop do I have to go to?" 4. Onko sinne pitkä matka täältä? "Is it a long way from here?" 5. Käänny vasemmalle ruokakaupan kohdalta. "Turn lef t by the grocery store." 6. Käänny Mannerheimintieltä Arkadiankadulle. "Turn to Arkadiankatu from Mannerheimintie." Examples from this dialogue: 1. Käänny seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle ja sitten suoraan. "Turn right at the next crossing, and then straight." 2. Kun vasemmalta näkyy puisto, olet Lönnrotinkadulla. "When you see a park on the lef t, you're in Lönnrotinkatu." Notes On the Choice of Case Sometimes, more than one case may be possible. For example, you can say either Käänny vasempaan/oikeaan or Käänny vasemmalle/oikealle ("Turn left/right"), and FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #2 - AS KI NG FOR DI RECTI ONS I N A FI NNI S H CI TY 7

16 also both vasemmalta näkyy and vasemmalla näkyy are possible. CULTURAL INSIGHT Asking For Directions on the Finnish Streets Finns are usually very willing to help anyone who is lost. They may not volunteer to help you especially in bigger cities people tend to mind their own business but when asked, they will give you the information you need if they know the area. Most Finns under the age of 60 or so know at least some English, and young people usually know English very well. However, if you can ask your question in Finnish, people will probably be very impressed. Even if you don't know Finnish very well, you should still say whatever you can in Finnish and switch to English if necessary. Finns will appreciate your effort. FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #2 - AS KI NG FOR DI RECTI ONS I N A FI NNI S H CI TY 8

17 LESSON NOTES Lower Beginner S1 #3 Welcome to Our Finnish O ce CONTENTS 2 Finnish 2 English 2 Vocabulary 3 Sample Sentences 4 Vocabulary Phrase Usage 4 Grammar 7 Cultural Insight # 3 COPYRIGHT 2013 INNOVATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

18 FINNISH 1. Mari: Tervetuloa! 2. Petri: Kiitos. 3. Mari: Tässä on toimiston avain. Tuossa nurkan takana on naulakko. Naulakon vieressä on keittiö. 4. Petri: Selvä. 5. Mari: Tuon ikkunan edessä on lehtihylly. ENGLISH 1. Mari: Welcome! 2. Petri: Thank you. 3. Mari: Here's a key to the office. There's a coat rack behind the corner. Next to the coat rack, there's a kitchen. 4. Petri: Okay. 5. Mari: In front of that window, there's a shelf with newspapers and magazines. VOCABULARY Finnish English Class lehtihylly magazine shelf noun edessä in front of adverb/postposition toimisto office noun FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #3 - WELCOME TO OUR FI NNI S H OFFI CE 2

19 avain key noun nurkka corner noun takana behind adverb/postposition naulakko coat rack noun vieressä next to adverb keittiö kitchen noun ikkuna window noun SAMPLE SENTENCES Onko lehtihyllyssä mitään hyviä leht iä? "Are there any good magazines on the magazine shelf?" Työntekijät työskentelivät toimistossa. T he employees worked at the office. Poika istuu nurkassa ja murjott aa. "T he boy sits in the corner, sulking." Lait a t akki naulakkoon. "Hang your coat on the coat rack." Keittiö on uusi. "The kitchen is new." Pöyt ä on ikkunan edessä. "The table is in front of the window." Avain on hyllyssä. "T he key is on the shelf." Mitä tuon oven takana on? "What's there behind that door?" Jussi ist uu Emmin vieressä. "Jussi is sitting next to Emmi." Kokki laittoi ruokaa keittiössä. The chef cooked in the kitchen. FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #3 - WELCOME TO OUR FI NNI S H OFFI CE 3

20 Liisa katsoo ulos ikkunasta. "Liisa looks out of the window." Taloudenhoitaja puhdisti ikkunaa. "The housekeeper cleaned the window." VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE vieressä ("next to"), edessä ("in front of") Vieressä and edessä are typical Finnish place adverbs or postpositions that were originally nouns in the inessive case. Therefore, there are also related adverbs and postpositions derived from the other locative cases: vierestä ("from next to"), viereen ("to next to"), edestä ("from the front (of)"), and eteen ("to the front (of)"). So, you really learn six adverbs for the price of two! lehtihylly ("magazine shelf") Lehtihylly is a compound word made of lehti and hylly. Hylly means any kind of shelf where you can keep things. Lehti, however, has a very broad meaning. It could be a leaf of a plant, a newspaper or a magazine, or even a comic. If you want to specify, you can add a specifier: sanomalehti ("newspaper"), aikakauslehti ("magazine, periodical"), sarjakuvalehti ("comic"). Lehti also means a leaf of a plant. GRAMMAR The Focus of this Lesson Is Indicating Position in Relation to Something Else Naulakon vieressä on keittiö. "Next to the coat rack, there's a kitchen." This grammar point is needed whenever you want to say where something is in relation to something else, such as "the tree is behind the house" or "the grocery store is next to the hairdresser's." The thing we use as a reference point will be in the genitive case in Finnish. If you have trouble remembering that, think of the structure as "A is [...] of B," where "A" is the thing we are talking about, the ellipsis represents a direction, such as "in front," and "B" is the reference point. By a happy coincidence, we now have "of B," and since "of" indicates possession in English, we translate it literally as "B" in the genitive case in Finnish. In English, the words that indicate direction are prepositions, which means that they come before "B," but in Finnish, they are postpositions, so they come after "B." The Finnish pattern is A on B:n [...]. Note that the order of "A" and "B" may change, but the FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #3 - WELCOME TO OUR FI NNI S H OFFI CE 4

21 word indicating direction usually comes right after "B," regardless of where "B" is. More Words Indicating Direction There are many words that can be used in this structure, such as: Finnish "English" takana "behind" vieressä "next to" edessä "in front of" sivulla "next to, on the side of" päällä "on top of" alla keskellä sisällä ulkopuolella yläpuolella alapuolella lähellä "under" "in the middle of" "inside" "outside" "above" "underneath" "close to" For example: 1. Puu on talon takana. "The tree is behind the house." 2. Ruokakauppa on kampaamon vieressä. "The grocery store is next to the hairdresser's." 3. Verhot ovat ikkunan edessä. "The curtains are in front of the window." 4. Koira kävelee kiltisti Minnin sivulla. "The dog is walking nicely beside Minni." FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #3 - WELCOME TO OUR FI NNI S H OFFI CE 5

22 5. Maljakko on kaapin päällä. "The flower vase is on top of the cabinet." (i.e., not "inside") 6. Kissa on pöydän alla. "The cat is under the table." 7. Kulho on pöydän keskellä. "The bowl is in the middle of the table." 8. Talon sisällä on lämmintä. "It's warm inside the house." 9. Jari ja Kalle ovat ystäviä myös työn ulkopuolella. "Jari and Kalle are also friends outside of work." 10. Sohvan yläpuolella on maalaus. "There's a painting above the sofa." 11. Maalauksen alapuolella on kaksi valokuvaa. "There are two photos underneath the painting." 12. Hotelli on kirkon lähellä. "The hotel is close to the church." Examples from this dialogue: 1. Tuossa nurkan takana on naulakko. "There's a coat rack behind the corner." 2. Naulakon vieressä on keittiö. "Next to the coat rack, there's a kitchen." 3. Tuon ikkunan edessä on lehtihylly. "In front of that window, there's a shelf with newspapers and magazines." Expansion Just like vieressä and edessä, most of the words listed above are either inessive or adessive forms (in fact, takana is the only one that is not), meaning existence in a direction. Therefore, you can use the other locative cases of the same words to indicate movement from or to a place. For example: päällä - päältä - päälle, alla - alta - alle, and edessä - edestä - eteen. You do need to remember whether to use inner or outer locatives, though, because they are not interchangeable. You cannot FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #3 - WELCOME TO OUR FI NNI S H OFFI CE 6

23 use päässä - päästä - päähän in the same situations where you use päällä - päältä - päälle. For example: 1. Tiina ottaa maljakon kaapin päältä. "Tiina takes the flower vase from the top of the cabinet." 2. Tiina laittaa maljakon kaapin päälle. "Tiina places the flower vase on top of the cabinet." 3. Kissa tulee pöydän alta ja menee kaapin alle. "The cat comes out from under the table and goes under the cabinet." 4. Pilvi menee auringon eteen. "A cloud goes in front of the sun." 5. Pilvi menee pois auringon edestä. "The cloud goes away from the sun." 6. Koira karkaa Minnin sivulta. "The dog runs away from Minni's side." 7. Koira palaa Minnin sivulle. "The dog returns to Minni's side." CULTURAL INSIGHT Finnish Workplace Facilit ies Finnish law sets some minimum requirements for facilities at workplaces. There should be a kitchen or other designated area with tables and facilities to heat any lunch employees may have brought with them. Usually, there is a microwave oven, a fridge, and a coffee maker, plus an electric kettle. Many companies provide coffee and tea for free for their employees. Bigger companies may have their own lunch restaurants, but there still has to be a kitchen, and it's often an important place where employees take a short break and chat with colleagues while getting a cup of coffee. Many companies have showers for people who come to work by bike, and some may even have saunas or gyms of their own, though that's not very common. FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #3 - WELCOME TO OUR FI NNI S H OFFI CE 7

24 LESSON NOTES Lower Beginner S1 #4 Where in Finland Did I Put My Phone? CONTENTS 2 Finnish 2 English 2 Vocabulary 3 Sample Sentences 4 Vocabulary Phrase Usage 5 Grammar 9 Cultural Insight # 4 COPYRIGHT 2013 INNOVATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

25 FINNISH 1. Mari: Tässä on Hanna. Hanna on lähin työtoverisi. 2. Hanna: Hei! 3. Petri: Terve! 4. Mari: Tässä on sinun työpöytäsi. Kas, onko joku unohtanut puhelimensa tähän? 5. Hanna: Eikös se ole sinun puhelimesi? 6. Mari: Minun puhelimeni? No niinpä onkin. ENGLISH 1. Mari: This is Hanna. Hanna will be your closest colleague. 2. Hanna: Hi! 3. Petri: Hello! 4. Mari: Here's your desk. Oh, has someone forgotten their phone here? 5. Hanna: Isn't that your phone? 6. Mari: My phone? Oh, that's right, so it is. VOCABULARY Finnish English Class FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #4 - WHERE I N FI NLAND DI D I PUT MY PHONE? 2

26 -kin also enclitic particle -pa/-pä emphasis marker enclitic particle niin so, as adverb puhelin phone noun lähin the closest adjective työtoveri colleague noun työpöytä desk noun kas oh interjection joku someone pronoun unohtaa to forget verb SAMPLE SENTENCES Jussikin t ulee. "Jussi is coming, too." Tulen niin pian kuin pääsen. "I'll come as soon as I can." Missä on lähin kahvila. "Where is the closest café?" Työpöytäni on huoneen keskellä. "My desk is in the middle of the room." Jonkun koira odottaa oven ulkopuolella. "Somebody's dog is waiting outside the door." Onpa t äällä kuuma. "I say, it's hot here." Puhelimesi soi. "Your phone is ringing." Minulla on mukavat työtoverit. "I have nice colleagues." Kas, posti on jo tullut. "Oh, the mail has already arrived." Unohdan aina, missä lasini ovat. "I always f orget where my glasses are." FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #4 - WHERE I N FI NLAND DI D I PUT MY PHONE? 3

27 Mies unohtaa vyönsä. "T he man f orgets his belt." VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE joku ("somebody") Joku is a pronoun for an unspecified, usually unknown person. What makes this word rather weird and a nightmare for beginning Finnish learners is that it is declined in two places. It's as if jo and ku were separate words, and both parts get case endings. So, the genitive singular is jonkun, the partitive is jotakuta, the inessive is jossakussa, the nominative plural is jotkut, and so on. The case endings, as such, are regular and cause no problems you just have to remember to add the case endings in the middle as well. -pa/-pä (emphasis) -Pa is an enclitic particle that is added at the end of a word to emphasize it. There is also a variant -pas that is used especially in spoken Finnish. -Pa(s) may be added to almost any word, except for some conjunctions. Like all enclitic particles, it comes at the end of the word, after case endings, possessive suffixes, and verb conjugations. Some examples: 1. Minullapa on jäätelöä "I've got ice cream (and you don't!)" 2. Jäätelöpä maistuu hyvältä "I say, ice cream sure tastes good." 3. Käveletpä nopeasti "I say, you walk briskly." The names of the Richard Scarry characters, Pig Will and Pig Won't, have been translated as Juupas-possu and Eipäs-possu in Finnish, from the words juu ("yeah") and ei ("no"). kin ("also") -Kin is another enclitic particle. It basically means "also." For example: 1. Minullakin on jäätelöä. "I've got ice cream, too (so you're not the only one)." FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #4 - WHERE I N FI NLAND DI D I PUT MY PHONE? 4

28 2. Jäätelökin on hyvää. "Ice cream is good, as well (in addition to something else that was noted as being good)." 3. Käveletkin nopeasti. "You walk briskly, too." GRAMMAR The Focus of this Lesson Is Expressing the Ownership of Something Tässä on sinun työpöytäsi. "Here's your desk." In this lesson, we learn to express ownership in sentences like "This is my phone," "My car is red," and "He always forgets his umbrella." To form this construction, you first need the genitive form of the relevant personal pronoun and then whatever it is that is owned, with something called a possessive suffix attached to it. The possessive suffixes follow the person and number of the personal pronoun, and they come after case endings but before any enclitic particles. See the table below. Person Genitive form of personal pronoun Possessive suffix First singular: minä ("I") minun -ni Second singular: sinä ("you") Third singular: hän ("he/ she") sinun hänen -si -nsa/-nsä First plural: me ("we") meidän -mme Second plural: te ("you all") teidän -nne Third plural: he ("they") heidän -nsa/-nsä If the word has a case ending that ends in a consonant (genitive -n or nominative plural -t), the final consonant is dropped before the possessive suffix, so the resulting forms are identical to that of the nominative singular with the possessive suffix. You have to see the context to know which case is intended. FI NNI S HPOD101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #4 - WHERE I N FI NLAND DI D I PUT MY PHONE? 5

Jessica's English Sentences Dolch K-3 Sentences 1-218 Vocabulary and Grammar By Jessica E. Riggs

Jessica's English Sentences Dolch K-3 Sentences 1-218 Vocabulary and Grammar By Jessica E. Riggs Jessica's English Sentences Dolch K-3 Sentences 1-218 Vocabulary and Grammar By Jessica E. Riggs Students should master at least ten of the sentences per day, ideally, and be able to write them at once

More information

Young Learners English

Young Learners English University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations Young Learners English Flyers Information for Candidates Information for candidates YLE Flyers Dear Parent Thank you for encouraging your child to learn English

More information

Getting together. Present simple 1. New Year in Vietnam. Reading: Everybody s birthday. Word focus: Special occasions

Getting together. Present simple 1. New Year in Vietnam. Reading: Everybody s birthday. Word focus: Special occasions 2 A Present simple 1 B Present simple: questions C Communication strategies Showing interest D Interaction Are you a people person? Getting together Present simple 1 Word focus: Special occasions 1 Work

More information

- ENGLISH TEST - ELEMENTARY 100 QUESTIONS

- ENGLISH TEST - ELEMENTARY 100 QUESTIONS Exercise 1: Tick (P) the suitable answer. - ENGLISH TEST - 1. My brother... a flat in London. A have B has C haves 2.... you live with your boyfriend? A Do B Does C Is 3. Elizabeth is.... A Philip's wife

More information

Prepositions. TLC/College of the Canyons. Prepared by Kim Haglund, M.Ed: TLC Coordinator

Prepositions. TLC/College of the Canyons. Prepared by Kim Haglund, M.Ed: TLC Coordinator Prepositions TLC/College of the Canyons Prepared by Kim Haglund, M.Ed: TLC Coordinator What is a Preposition? A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word in

More information

How to form the Present Perfect

How to form the Present Perfect The present perfect verb tense is a little difficult in English it is used in several different ways, and there are lots of rules to remember. This lesson will teach you everything you ever wanted to know

More information

A: We really embarrassed ourselves last night at that business function.

A: We really embarrassed ourselves last night at that business function. Dialog: VIP LESSON 049 - Future of Business A: We really embarrassed ourselves last night at that business function. B: What are you talking about? A: We didn't even have business cards to hand out. We

More information

7th Grade Grammar Review Packet

7th Grade Grammar Review Packet 7th Grade Grammar Review Packet KEY 1. Nouns 1. A noun is defined as a: person, place, thing or idea 2. A proper noun is: a specific person, place, thing or idea 3. A proper noun always starts with a:

More information

TEST DIAGNOSTYCZNY Z JĘZYKA ANGIELSKIEGO

TEST DIAGNOSTYCZNY Z JĘZYKA ANGIELSKIEGO 1. They are the United States. a) to b) for c) from d) with 3. is your favourite colour? a) How b) This c) Who d) What 5. This is my car. a) mother b) mothers c) mother is d) mother's 7. Are these shoes

More information

A Beginner s Guide To English Grammar

A Beginner s Guide To English Grammar A Beginner s Guide To English Grammar Noncredit ESL Glendale Community College Concept by: Deborah Robiglio Created by: Edwin Fallahi, Rocio Fernandez, Glenda Gartman, Robert Mott, and Deborah Robiglio

More information

Just Married. PART 1 - Meet Neil and Julia. PART 2 - A tour around the kitchen

Just Married. PART 1 - Meet Neil and Julia. PART 2 - A tour around the kitchen Just Married Level: 1º E.S.O. Grammar: Demonstratives: this, that, these, those. Use of the definite and indefinite article "a", "the". Some and any, countable uncountable nouns. Irregular plurals Functions:

More information

Young Learners English

Young Learners English University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations Young Learners English Movers Information for Candidates Information for candidates YLE Movers Dear Parent Thank you for encouraging your child to learn English

More information

DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION

DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION Servicio de Inspección Educativa Hezkuntzako Ikuskapen Zerbitzua 2 0 1 1 / 1 2 DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION 4th YEAR of PRIMARY EDUCATION ENGLISH LITERACY Name / surname(s):... School:... Group:... City / Town:.

More information

Simple Present, Simple Past and Present Perfect Tenses

Simple Present, Simple Past and Present Perfect Tenses Simple Present, Simple Past and Present Perfect Tenses This is a list of. I will read the base form, the simple past tense and the past participle of the verb. Then, I will read the verb in three sentences,

More information

LESSON NOTES Survival Phrases S1 #1 How to Say Thank You! in Finnish

LESSON NOTES Survival Phrases S1 #1 How to Say Thank You! in Finnish LESSON NOTES Survival Phrases S1 #1 How to Say Thank You! in Finnish CONTENTS 2 Finnish 2 English 2 Vocabulary 2 Sample Sentences 3 Grammar 3 Cultural Insight # 1 COPYRIGHT 2012 INNOVATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING.

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Girl Meets Boy. And suddenly there he was, this tall, quiet boy in a blue and white shirt... I'll always remember the first time I saw him.

Girl Meets Boy. And suddenly there he was, this tall, quiet boy in a blue and white shirt... I'll always remember the first time I saw him. Girl Meets Boy And suddenly there he was, this tall, quiet boy in a blue and white shirt... I'll always remember the first time I saw him. Donna is on a boat. She is going to Spain with her family for

More information

銘 傳 大 學 九 十 一 學 年 度 轉 學 生 招 生 考 試 八 月 四 日 第 四 節 應 英 轉 三 英 文 聽 力 試 題

銘 傳 大 學 九 十 一 學 年 度 轉 學 生 招 生 考 試 八 月 四 日 第 四 節 應 英 轉 三 英 文 聽 力 試 題 銘 傳 大 學 九 十 一 學 年 度 轉 學 生 招 生 考 試 八 月 四 日 第 四 節 應 英 轉 三 英 文 聽 力 試 題 Part A Medium Dialogue Dialogue 1. 1. a. in the night market b. in a supermarket c. in a 7-11 d. in an electronics store 2. a. She is

More information

A Note to Parents. 1. As you study the list, vary the order of the words.

A Note to Parents. 1. As you study the list, vary the order of the words. A Note to Parents This Wordbook contains all the sight words we will be studying throughout the year plus some additional enrichment words. Your child should spend some time each week studying this Wordbook

More information

Finnish 101: The 30 Minute Crash Course in Finnish. Johanna Lahti

Finnish 101: The 30 Minute Crash Course in Finnish. Johanna Lahti Finnish 101: The 30 Minute Crash Course in Finnish Johanna Lahti 44 Weeks from today you will have: General Professional Proficiency in Speaking Finnish (S3) and General Professional Proficiency in Reading

More information

Jake arrives at Euston station in London. It is a holiday weekend and it is his first time away from Manchester. Jake is eighteen years old and he

Jake arrives at Euston station in London. It is a holiday weekend and it is his first time away from Manchester. Jake is eighteen years old and he Annette Keen Jake arrives at Euston station in London. It is a holiday weekend and it is his first time away from Manchester. Jake is eighteen years old and he lives with his family. Now he is in London.

More information

LESSON NOTES Absolute Beginner S1 #1 Welcome to Finland!

LESSON NOTES Absolute Beginner S1 #1 Welcome to Finland! LESSON NOTES Absolute Beginner S1 #1 Welcome to Finland! CONTENTS 2 Finnish 2 English 2 Vocabulary 2 Sample Sentences 3 Vocabulary Phrase Usage 4 Grammar 5 Cultural Insight # 1 COPYRIGHT 2013 INNOVATIVE

More information

COLUMBIA COLLEGE HOMESTAY PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK

COLUMBIA COLLEGE HOMESTAY PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK COLUMBIA COLLEGE HOMESTAY PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK HOMESTAY: LIVING WITH A CANADIAN FAMILY Homestay lets you live with Canadian families that have been carefully screened by Columbia College. Our hosts

More information

Mammon and the Archer

Mammon and the Archer O. H e n r y p Mammon and the Archer OLD ANTHONY ROCKWALL, WHO HAD MADE millions of dollars by making and selling Rockwall s soap, stood at a window of his large Fifth Avenue house. He was looking out

More information

Box 1 - Article Noun - Blue

Box 1 - Article Noun - Blue the floor a basket the people a broom the igloo the rocks a dog an eagle a bats the leaves a dolphin a triangle the tusks the shoes the book the sky an elephant the ocean a tiger a donkey the shark a cage

More information

7.5 Emphatic Verb Tense

7.5 Emphatic Verb Tense Chapter 7 Verb Usage 211 7.5 Emphatic Verb Tense The emphatic tenses of a verb are used to add emphasis. In addition, the emphatic tense can be used with the word not in negative sentences and to form

More information

S OAPY MOVED RESTLESSLY ON HIS SEAT

S OAPY MOVED RESTLESSLY ON HIS SEAT T h e C o p a n d t h e A n t h e m p The Cop and the Anthem S OAPY MOVED RESTLESSLY ON HIS SEAT in Madison Square. There are certain signs to show that winter is coming. Birds begin to fly south. Women

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

ENGELSKA NIVÅTEST (1) Medel Sid 1(7)

ENGELSKA NIVÅTEST (1) Medel Sid 1(7) Medel Sid 1(7) Namn: Poäng: Nivå : Adress: Tel: Complete each sentence with one item from those given below. Use each item once only. Note: Each question has One mark. You must have all words in the correct

More information

4th Grade Sentence Structures

4th Grade Sentence Structures Name 4th Grade Sentence Structures 1. Complete Sentences A complete sentence is a set of words that contains a subject and a predicate. Here is a basic complete sentence: Fish swim. It is possible to have

More information

are used to show how a text fits

are used to show how a text fits Glossary of terms: Term Definition Example active voice An active verb has its usual pattern of subject and object (in contrast to the passive voice). Active The school arranged a visit. Passive: adverbs

More information

12 ILLITERATE ADULT IMMIGRANTS AND THE IMPROVEMENT OF THEIR LANGUAGE SKILLS IN FINNISH IN SIX MONTHS

12 ILLITERATE ADULT IMMIGRANTS AND THE IMPROVEMENT OF THEIR LANGUAGE SKILLS IN FINNISH IN SIX MONTHS 12 ILLITERATE ADULT IMMIGRANTS AND THE IMPROVEMENT OF THEIR LANGUAGE SKILLS IN FINNISH IN SIX MONTHS Marjut Heikkinen 2009: "Opettaja, minä osaa sanoo, ei kirjoittaa! Luku ja kirjoitustaidottomien aikuisten

More information

Online Tutoring System For Essay Writing

Online Tutoring System For Essay Writing Online Tutoring System For Essay Writing 2 Online Tutoring System for Essay Writing Unit 3 Prepositional Phrases Review Units 1 and 2 introduced some of the building blocks of sentences, including noun

More information

Kangourou Italia - British Institutes Gara del 2 marzo 2010 Categoria Joey Per studenti della classe quinta della Scuola Primaria

Kangourou Italia - British Institutes Gara del 2 marzo 2010 Categoria Joey Per studenti della classe quinta della Scuola Primaria Testi_Kang_10ENG.qxp 8-01-2010 22:38 Pagina 5 Kangourou Italia - British Institutes Gara del 2 marzo 2010 Categoria Per studenti della classe quinta della Scuola Primaria Choose the correct alternative

More information

That's the Way I Like It

That's the Way I Like It That's the Way I Like It Written, designed and set up by: Pat Neuman Illustrated by: Margie Hildebrand A book project of: Pembina Valley Learning Centre Funded by: The National Literacy Secretariat 2005

More information

Chapter 3 - Growing with Verbs. A verb that helps another verb is called a helping verb. It comes before the main verb to tell about the action.

Chapter 3 - Growing with Verbs. A verb that helps another verb is called a helping verb. It comes before the main verb to tell about the action. 120 Chapter 3 - Growing with Verbs 3.12 Helping Verbs A verb that helps another verb is called a helping verb. It comes before the main verb to tell about the action. John will ride his scooter. She has

More information

A. it. B. him. C. her. D. you.

A. it. B. him. C. her. D. you. LEVEL TEST Please choose one option for each question 1. I haven't got... A. no money. B. money. C. any money. D. some money. 2.... orange juice in the fridge. A. There isn't no B. There is any C. There

More information

English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation The grammar of our first language is learnt naturally and implicitly through interactions with other speakers and from reading. Explicit knowledge

More information

Ling 201 Syntax 1. Jirka Hana April 10, 2006

Ling 201 Syntax 1. Jirka Hana April 10, 2006 Overview of topics What is Syntax? Word Classes What to remember and understand: Ling 201 Syntax 1 Jirka Hana April 10, 2006 Syntax, difference between syntax and semantics, open/closed class words, all

More information

CLASSROOM DYNAMICS By Benjamin Moore Language Insitute, Thammasat University

CLASSROOM DYNAMICS By Benjamin Moore Language Insitute, Thammasat University CLASSROOM DYNAMICS By Benjamin Moore Language Insitute, Thammasat University Your classroom is a potential gold mine for the discovery of a diverse mix of different personalities, interests, insights and

More information

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How

More information

Hi-tech. Language focus. First conditional. Second conditional. eat. 'd give / wouldn t

Hi-tech. Language focus. First conditional. Second conditional. eat. 'd give / wouldn t 9 Hi-tech Language focus First conditional 1a Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the Present Simple or will + infinitive. eat 1 If you (eat) cheese late at night,

More information

Making requests and asking for permission.

Making requests and asking for permission. Making requests and asking for permission. Read the conversations below and fill in the gaps with the words and phrases from the lists. Do you mind if I is it OK if I could you turn What s the problem

More information

IN A SMALL PART OF THE CITY WEST OF

IN A SMALL PART OF THE CITY WEST OF p T h e L a s t L e a f IN A SMALL PART OF THE CITY WEST OF Washington Square, the streets have gone wild. They turn in different directions. They are broken into small pieces called places. One street

More information

ESOL Customer Service Training: Unit 1 1: 1 Student Book. Unit 1: Talking With Your Customer

ESOL Customer Service Training: Unit 1 1: 1 Student Book. Unit 1: Talking With Your Customer ESOL Customer Service Training: Unit 1 1: 1 Unit 1: Talking With Your Customer ESOL Customer Service Training: Unit 1 1: 2 What are your goals? Note to Instructor: If you have permission, use Stand Out

More information

Talking about Hotels and Restaurants

Talking about Hotels and Restaurants Unit 1 Talking about Hotels and Restaurants In this unit, you will: practice talking about hotels, restaurants, and vacation spots describe the features of hotels and vacation spots discuss hotel amenities,

More information

1 Time. 5 Answer the questions about yourself. Lesson 1: Time in your life. Listening 1

1 Time. 5 Answer the questions about yourself. Lesson 1: Time in your life. Listening 1 Time Listening Lesson : Time in your life. Listen to the information about Linda and Huseyin. Are the sentences true or false? True False Linda likes the early morning. She usually checks her emails when

More information

Kangourou Italia - British Institutes Gara del 2 marzo 2010 Categoria Wallaby Per studenti della classe terza della Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado

Kangourou Italia - British Institutes Gara del 2 marzo 2010 Categoria Wallaby Per studenti della classe terza della Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado Testi_Kang_10ENG.qxp 8-01-2010 22:38 Pagina 10 Kangourou Italia - British Institutes Gara del 2 marzo 2010 Categoria Per studenti della classe terza della Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado Choose the correct

More information

Learning English with CBC Radio Living in Alberta. Understanding Credit Cards

Learning English with CBC Radio Living in Alberta. Understanding Credit Cards Learning English with CBC Radio Living in Alberta Understanding Credit Cards by Maroro Zinyemba Project Manager: Justine Light Daylight Consulting Inc. Integration Enhancement Topic: Budgeting Basics Lesson:

More information

CEFR Level A1 Level A1 Global Listening Reading Spoken Interaction Spoken Production Writing

CEFR Level A1 Level A1 Global Listening Reading Spoken Interaction Spoken Production Writing CEFR Level A1 Level A1 is the lowest level of generative language use - the point at which the learner can interact in a simple way, ask and answer simple questions about themselves, where they live, people

More information

1. What do they do? Write the sentences from the box into the correct columns.

1. What do they do? Write the sentences from the box into the correct columns. Present simple positive 1. What do they do? Write the sentences from the box into the correct columns. He wears a uniform. She works in a clothes shop. He gets up very early and goes to the market. She

More information

Tray Thompson: Welcome everyone. We now have our. webinar, our second webinar, which is Banking 101. I

Tray Thompson: Welcome everyone. We now have our. webinar, our second webinar, which is Banking 101. I 0 Banking 0 Tray Thompson: Welcome everyone. We now have our webinar, our second webinar, which is Banking 0. I have myself, Tray Thompson, here. I work for the Financial Aid Office and I also have Mario.

More information

DAN'S VAN: AN ACCIDENT STORY PART TWO

DAN'S VAN: AN ACCIDENT STORY PART TWO 'S VAN: AN ACCIDENT STORY PART TWO CHARACTERS: Dan Davis, a 28-yr-old independent construction contractor Tanya, Dan's wife, an assistant manager at Kmart Female recorded voice at Nationwide Richard, a

More information

REPORTED SPEECH. Reported speech is used to retell or report what other person has actually said. It is a very usual function in everyday language.

REPORTED SPEECH. Reported speech is used to retell or report what other person has actually said. It is a very usual function in everyday language. REPORTED SPEECH USE Reported speech is used to retell or report what other person has actually said. It is a very usual function in everyday language. STRUCTURE Formal aspects We can find different ways

More information

ENGELSKA NIVÅTEST (1) Medel / Avancerad Sid 1(8)

ENGELSKA NIVÅTEST (1) Medel / Avancerad Sid 1(8) Medel / Avancerad Sid 1(8) Namn: Poäng: Nivå : Adress: Tel: Complete the sentence by choosing the BEST answer. Example: Anne isn't here today: she's... to London. A went B gone C been D go You choose:

More information

Grammar Academic Review

Grammar Academic Review Name Grammar Academic Review s Hour s are used in place of nouns. s can be singular or plural. I you he she it they we me him her them us Isaac is in the bad. He is in the band. Connor and Brook like to

More information

HOTEL MANAGEMENT Problems and Solutions

HOTEL MANAGEMENT Problems and Solutions HOTEL MANAGEMENT Problems and Solutions Activity: You are the management staff of a large resort hotel. Lately, you have had a lot of problems. You must discuss these problems with the other managers and

More information

Contents: 2008 www.perfect-english-grammar.com May be freely copied for personal or classroom use.

Contents: 2008 www.perfect-english-grammar.com May be freely copied for personal or classroom use. 2 Contents: Grammar of phrasal verbs 2 Deal with 3 Come across 5 Get on with 7 Look after 9 Pick up 11 Review 1 13 Put on 14 Take off 16 Look into 18 Turn down 20 Look forward to 22 Review 2 23 Answers

More information

English as a Second Language Podcast www.eslpod.com. ESL Podcast 292 Business Insurance

English as a Second Language Podcast www.eslpod.com. ESL Podcast 292 Business Insurance GLOSSARY to lose control of (something) to no longer be in control of something; to not be able to influence how something moves or happens * When I was driving home last night, I thought I was going to

More information

Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard 1, to Develop Conventions of Standard English

Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard 1, to Develop Conventions of Standard English Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard, to Develop Conventions of Standard English Language Stage CCSS* Supporting Speaking and Writing for Students with Complex Communication

More information

Expressive Objective: Realize the importance of using polite expressions in showing respect when communicating with others

Expressive Objective: Realize the importance of using polite expressions in showing respect when communicating with others QUARTER 4 - WEEK 1 Theme: My School and Friends TARGET SKILLS : At the end of the lesson the students should be able to: Expressive Objective: Realize the importance of using polite expressions in showing

More information

Pupil SPAG Card 1. Terminology for pupils. I Can Date Word

Pupil SPAG Card 1. Terminology for pupils. I Can Date Word Pupil SPAG Card 1 1 I know about regular plural noun endings s or es and what they mean (for example, dog, dogs; wish, wishes) 2 I know the regular endings that can be added to verbs (e.g. helping, helped,

More information

Linking corpus-driven methodology to annotated and CEFR analyzed learner data. A profitable synergy? Questions

Linking corpus-driven methodology to annotated and CEFR analyzed learner data. A profitable synergy? Questions Linking corpus-driven methodology to annotated and CEFR analyzed learner data. A profitable synergy? Jarmo Harri Jantunen CTAL 2012, Suzhou Questions Does key word analysis of annotated data produce relevant

More information

20th century copyright system meets 21st century artist. Henrik Ingo Arcada, 24th October 2005

20th century copyright system meets 21st century artist. Henrik Ingo Arcada, 24th October 2005 20th century copyright system meets 21st century artist Henrik Ingo Arcada, 24th October 2005 Who am I? Happily married man, engineer, bit nerdy Software Developer (Sesca Technologies) Linux user Author

More information

Chapter I - Passive Voice

Chapter I - Passive Voice Chapter I - Passive Voice When do we use the passive? We use the passive when it is more important to know what happens to the subject. Who or what causes the action is less important (and often unknown).

More information

BBC LEARNING ENGLISH 6 Minute Grammar Zero and first conditionals

BBC LEARNING ENGLISH 6 Minute Grammar Zero and first conditionals BBC LEARNING ENGLISH 6 Minute Grammar Zero and first conditionals This is not a word-for-word transcript Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute Grammar with me,. And me,. Hello. Now,, would you like to have some of

More information

Audience: Audience: Tim Sain: Audience:

Audience: Audience: Tim Sain: Audience: My name is Tim Sain, and you guys are in a budgeting workshop. Has anyone ever done any kind of financial literacy? No. Budgeting? Workshop? Talked about money? Has anybody ever showed you how to spend

More information

English. Universidad Virtual. Curso de sensibilización a la PAEP (Prueba de Admisión a Estudios de Posgrado) Parts of Speech. Nouns.

English. Universidad Virtual. Curso de sensibilización a la PAEP (Prueba de Admisión a Estudios de Posgrado) Parts of Speech. Nouns. English Parts of speech Parts of Speech There are eight parts of speech. Here are some of their highlights. Nouns Pronouns Adjectives Articles Verbs Adverbs Prepositions Conjunctions Click on any of the

More information

Tapescript. B Listen and write the words. C Help the baby spider. Draw a red line. D Help the baby frog. Listen and draw a green line.

Tapescript. B Listen and write the words. C Help the baby spider. Draw a red line. D Help the baby frog. Listen and draw a green line. Unit 1 Hello! Topics animals, colours, numbers Functions following instructions, spelling and writing Grammar questions (What s? What are? What colour?), demonstratives (this/these), imperatives Vocabulary

More information

Excellence and Equity of Care and Education for Children and Families Part 3 Program Transcript

Excellence and Equity of Care and Education for Children and Families Part 3 Program Transcript Excellence and Equity of Care and Education for Children and Families Part 3 Program Transcript FEMALE SPEAKER: Ms. Vazquez, in our final conversation, I'd like to speak with you about equity and excellence

More information

ENGLISH GRAMMAR Elementary

ENGLISH GRAMMAR Elementary ENGLISH GRAMMAR Elementary A cura di NADIA TOSI Centro IDA ITE Enrico Tosi Busto Arsizio CONTENTS DEFINITE ARTICLES 3 INDEFINITE ARTICLES 3 PERSONAL PRONOUNS SUBJECTS 4 PLURALS. 5 POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

More information

1. The more idioms you know how to use correctly, the more natural your speech will sound

1. The more idioms you know how to use correctly, the more natural your speech will sound What are idioms? Idioms are words, phrases, or expressions which are often grammatically strange and are not meant to be understood literally. Idioms are a very important part of any language, so learning

More information

Would you like to play tennis with me after school, Peter? I can t, Jane. I have to go straight home. How about tomorrow, then?

Would you like to play tennis with me after school, Peter? I can t, Jane. I have to go straight home. How about tomorrow, then? 2 2 1 3 1 1 1 Would you like to play tennis with me after school, Peter? I can t, Jane. I have to go straight home. How about tomorrow, then? 1 We can go today after school. 2 I don t have time today.

More information

CORSISTA (COGNOME NOME) LUOGO E DATA DI NASCITA SEDE DI SERVIZIO TELEFONO SCUOLA RECAPITI TELEFONICI PERSONALI

CORSISTA (COGNOME NOME) LUOGO E DATA DI NASCITA SEDE DI SERVIZIO TELEFONO SCUOLA RECAPITI TELEFONICI PERSONALI SICILIA PALERMO WRITTEN PAPER - Time allowed: 1 hour 30 minutes CORSISTA (COGNOME NOME) LUOGO E DATA DI NASCITA SEDE DI SERVIZIO TELEFONO SCUOLA RECAPITI TELEFONICI PERSONALI Part One - Questions 1-5.

More information

Handouts for Conversation Partners: Grammar

Handouts for Conversation Partners: Grammar Handouts for Conversation Partners: Grammar Contents A Cheat Sheet on the Tenses in English... 2 Conditionals... 3 Past Participles... 5 Present Perfect Tense... 6 Present Perfect Continuous... 6 Past

More information

A) COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE VERBS BELOW IN THE CORRECT FORM. (10x1)

A) COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE VERBS BELOW IN THE CORRECT FORM. (10x1) NAME: CLASS: DATE:../12/2010 NUMBER: A) COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE VERBS BELOW IN THE CORRECT FORM. (10x1) arrive - finish - go - have - leave - start - watch - work Mr Parker (1)... breakfast at

More information

Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced

Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced Name I. Grammar / Vocabulary II. Reading Comprehension III. Writing Sample IV. Conversation / Interview Directions for the Tutor: Allow the participant

More information

Albert Pye and Ravensmere Schools Grammar Curriculum

Albert Pye and Ravensmere Schools Grammar Curriculum Albert Pye and Ravensmere Schools Grammar Curriculum Introduction The aim of our schools own grammar curriculum is to ensure that all relevant grammar content is introduced within the primary years in

More information

ESL Intensive ESLS 4000. Listening/Speaking 400 (CLB 4) Unit 2: Shopping. Instructor Resource Guide

ESL Intensive ESLS 4000. Listening/Speaking 400 (CLB 4) Unit 2: Shopping. Instructor Resource Guide ESL Intensive ESLS 4000 Listening/Speaking 400 (CLB 4) Instructor Resource Guide V1.10 July 2010 Language Training and Adult Literacy ESL Intensive ESLS 4000 Listening/Speaking 4000 (CLB 4) Instructor

More information

THERE IS ONE DAY THAT IS OURS. THERE IS ONE

THERE IS ONE DAY THAT IS OURS. THERE IS ONE p T w o T h a n k s g i v i n g D a y G e n t l e m e n THERE IS ONE DAY THAT IS OURS. THERE IS ONE day when all Americans go back to the old home and eat a big dinner. Bless the day. The President gives

More information

SCHOOL. unit ALL ABOUT

SCHOOL. unit ALL ABOUT unit 1 ALL ABOUT SCHOOL 1:04 1 Read and listen to the statements. All of them are true! Talk about them with a partner. Which one is the most surprising Why 1 Some kids have didaskaleinophobia, which is

More information

English as a Second Language Podcast www.eslpod.com. ESL Podcast 216 Outsourcing Operations

English as a Second Language Podcast www.eslpod.com. ESL Podcast 216 Outsourcing Operations GLOSSARY overhead the money a company spends to run its business * Moving to a bigger office building will mean an increase in the company s overhead for upcoming years. to outsource to have company business

More information

PHRASAL VERBS INTRODUCTION. The Òsmall wordsó in phrasal verbs are important, because they completely change the meaning.

PHRASAL VERBS INTRODUCTION. The Òsmall wordsó in phrasal verbs are important, because they completely change the meaning. PHRASAL VERBS INTRODUCTION Phrasal verbs have two parts: a verb (e.g.: put, take, get, give, go, etc) and one or sometimes two "small words" (e.g.: on, up, out, in, etc) which go with the verb. Compare:

More information

Parts of Speech. Skills Team, University of Hull

Parts of Speech. Skills Team, University of Hull Parts of Speech Skills Team, University of Hull Language comes before grammar, which is only an attempt to describe a language. Knowing the grammar of a language does not mean you can speak or write it

More information

LTTC English Grammar Proficiency Test Grade 1

LTTC English Grammar Proficiency Test Grade 1 LTTC English Grammar Proficiency Test Grade 1 A. Short Comprehension The candidate is expected to demonstrate the ability to understand the passage (around 30 words) and answer questions. B. Usage The

More information

Part 3 focuses on ways families can help keep teens from using or abusing alcohol and tobacco.

Part 3 focuses on ways families can help keep teens from using or abusing alcohol and tobacco. W Part 3: Alcohol and Tobacco Rules Are Family Matters elcome to Part 3 of FAMILY MATTERS Alcohol and Tobacco Rules Are Family Matters. FAMILY MATTERS is a program to help families prevent young teens

More information

ESL Health Unit Unit One The Doctor s Office Lesson One Making Appointments. Lesson One Making Appointments

ESL Health Unit Unit One The Doctor s Office Lesson One Making Appointments. Lesson One Making Appointments ESL Health Unit Unit One The Doctor s Office Lesson One Making Appointments Source: http://ww w. cswu sa.com/image s/cl i pa r t/re sou r ce_ - _ te le ph on e_ wh i te_b kgd.jp g Reading and Writing Practice

More information

Hotelier Tanji Owner www.hospitality-school.com

Hotelier Tanji Owner www.hospitality-school.com Professional Spoken English for Hotel & Restaurant Workers Most Practical Spoken English Guide for Non Native English Speaking Hotel, Restaurant & Casino Workers and Hospitality Students Hotelier Tanji

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

SELF-STUDY ENGLISH GUIDE FOR B2 5 th SEMESTER PRIMER EXAMEN DEPARTAMENTAL. Student s name: 5 th Semester, Group: GRAMMAR

SELF-STUDY ENGLISH GUIDE FOR B2 5 th SEMESTER PRIMER EXAMEN DEPARTAMENTAL. Student s name: 5 th Semester, Group: GRAMMAR SELF-STUDY ENGLISH GUIDE FOR B2 5 th SEMESTER PRIMER EXAMEN DEPARTAMENTAL Student s name: 5 th Semester, Group: GRAMMAR Instructions: Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets.

More information

Advice for Recommenders: How to write an effective Letter of Recommendation for applicants to the Stanford MBA Program

Advice for Recommenders: How to write an effective Letter of Recommendation for applicants to the Stanford MBA Program Advice for Recommenders: How to write an effective Letter of Recommendation for applicants to the Stanford MBA Program -- Edited Transcript of Interview updated 27 July 2011 What are some of your responsibilities

More information

ACCUPLACER ESL Language Use Test. Answers and Explanations

ACCUPLACER ESL Language Use Test. Answers and Explanations ACCUPLACER ESL Language Use Test Answers and Explanations The ESL Language Use test measures your proficiency in using correct grammar in English sentences. There are five content areas measured on this

More information

By Louis Sachar. NARRATOR 1: We re going to tell you about three of the children in Mrs. Jewls s class, on the thirtieth story of Wayside School.

By Louis Sachar. NARRATOR 1: We re going to tell you about three of the children in Mrs. Jewls s class, on the thirtieth story of Wayside School. Three Sideways Stories From Wayside School By Louis Sachar NARRATOR 1: We re going to tell you about three of the children in Mrs. Jewls s class, on the thirtieth story of Wayside School. NARRATOR 4: But

More information

GESE Initial steps. Guide for teachers, Grades 1 3. GESE Grade 1 Introduction

GESE Initial steps. Guide for teachers, Grades 1 3. GESE Grade 1 Introduction GESE Initial steps Guide for teachers, Grades 1 3 GESE Grade 1 Introduction cover photos: left and right Martin Dalton, middle Speak! Learning Centre Contents Contents What is Trinity College London?...3

More information

2014-2015 SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL (New Language Leader Elementary Unit 2) B / C LEVEL TEACHERS COPY

2014-2015 SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL (New Language Leader Elementary Unit 2) B / C LEVEL TEACHERS COPY GRAMMAR A. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. My mother LIVES in Paris because she LIKES cities. (live, like) 2. Rudy DOESN T E-MAIL me but he PHONES me every week.

More information

Straightforward Pre-intermediate Practice Online

Straightforward Pre-intermediate Practice Online Macmillan Practice Online is the easy way to get all the benefits of online learning and with over 100 courses to choose from, covering all competence levels and ranging from business English to exam practice

More information

Conditional Sentences Third Condition (Past Time - Unreal/ Contrary to Fact)

Conditional Sentences Third Condition (Past Time - Unreal/ Contrary to Fact) Conditional Sentences Third Condition (Past Time - Unreal/ Contrary to Fact) Complete the following sentences using the correct form of the verbs provided. Ex. Annie failed her history test, but if she

More information

5.7 Nominative Case and Objective Case Pronouns

5.7 Nominative Case and Objective Case Pronouns Chapter 5 Usage of Verbs, Pronouns, & Modifiers 171 5.7 Nominative Case and Objective Case Pronouns Personal pronouns have three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive (See lesson 1.4). The way a

More information

Basic business. telephone etiquette. Using good telephone etiquette. Unit. A. Be polite. B. Respect other people's time

Basic business. telephone etiquette. Using good telephone etiquette. Unit. A. Be polite. B. Respect other people's time Unit 01 Using good telephone etiquette A. Be polite Basic business telephone etiquette Key words and phrases a bad time a good time check in on free interrupt on hold voice mail voice mail messages Use

More information

关 于 台 词 的 备 注 : 请 注 意 这 不 是 广 播 节 目 的 逐 字 稿 件 本 文 稿 可 能 没 有 体 现 录 制 编 辑 过 程 中 对 节 目 做 出 的 改 变

关 于 台 词 的 备 注 : 请 注 意 这 不 是 广 播 节 目 的 逐 字 稿 件 本 文 稿 可 能 没 有 体 现 录 制 编 辑 过 程 中 对 节 目 做 出 的 改 变 BBC Learning English 15 Minute Programmes 15 分 钟 节 目 About this script Please note that this is not a word for word transcript of the programme as broadcast. In the recording and editing process, changes

More information