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1 Enterprise Flash Drive A evolução do armazenamento de dados Tutorial sobre as tecnonologias SSD (Solid State Disk) e sua implantação pela engenharia da EMC, denominado EFD (Enterprise Flash Drive), onde foram eliminadas as restrições para o seu uso nas aplicações críticas 24x7. EFD foi lançado pela EMC em janeiro/2008 e já é um sucesso de utilização nas áreas de TI em pequenas, médias e grandes empresas (inclusive no Brasil). João Bonnassis Sales Productivity Manager EMC Brasil São Paulo - 06/08/2009 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 1

2 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 2

3 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 3

4 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 4

5 HDD (Hard Disk Drive) SSD (Solid State Disk) EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 5

6 DDR RAM (Double Date Rate Random Access Memory) NAND (Not AND Flash Memory ) EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 6

7 SLC ( Single-Level Cell ) ( EFD - Enterprise Flash Drive ) MLC ( Multi-Level Cell ) ( CFD - Consumer Flash Drive ) EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 7

8 NAND Flash Drive EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 8

9 EMC Engineering Enterprise Flash Drive Tier-0 Storage Architected for Availability, Reliability, Data Integrity and Performance Dual-Ported Dual-Ported FC-AL 4 Gbps FC-AL 4 Gbps Interface Interface Controller Logic Logic DDR DDR SDRAM w/sps w/sps Multiple Parallel I/O I/O Channels Non-Volatile SLC SLC NAND NAND Flash Flash Firmware Interface Protocol Media Management Error Detection & Correction End-to-End Multi-bit Error Correction The Only Enterprise-Class Flash Drive Tested and Available in the Market Today FC (Fibre Channel Arbitrated Loop) - SPS (Stand by Power Supply) - SLC (Single-Level Cell) - DDR SDRAM (Double Data Rate Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 9

10 EMC Engineering Enterprise Flash Drive Tier-0 Storage Architected for Availability, Reliability, Data Integrity and Performance Life Expectancy Should Easily Exceed that of Hard Disk Drives Device-level Reliability NAND Reliability Dual-ported Fibre Channel 4 Gbps interface Integrated DRAM power de-stage protection Multi-bit ECC protection overlaps internal domains Modified/extended SMART status >1.5 million hour MTBPR (rated) SLC (Single-Level Cell) NAND rated for 100,000 rewrites with 1-bit ECC Multi-bit ECC extends protection Observed life time exceeds 300,000 2,000,000 rewrites ( Program-Erase Cycles SNIA) Dynamic Bad-block remapping Just like a traditional disk drive SDRAM cache buffer minimizes write amplification Array I/O is aligned to device s block size Wear-Leveling Over provisioned raw NAND Capacity 73 GB usable 200 GB usable 400 GB usable Static and Dynamic Wear leveling Writes and rewrites are relocated to different physical NAND blocks Write activity is abstracted from the physical blocks so the blocks wear more evenly 5 years expected service life (heavy load) MTBPR - Mean Time Between Parts Replacement EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 10

11 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 11

12 SNIA 1x Flash drive = IOPS (read) 1x Flash drive = IOPS (write) 1x HDD = 200 IOPS (read / write) x Flash drive = 500x HDD (read) 1x Flash drive = 100x HDD (write) 512 byte block HDD (Hard Disk Drive RPM, 4 Gbps FC-AL or RPM, 3 Gbps SAS) Flash (Flash Drive / Solid State Drive - 3 Gbps FC-AL) EFD (Enterprise Flash Drive / Solid State Drive) DDR (Double Date Rate Random Access Memory) EMC Engineering (512 KB block sequential read miss) 1x HDD RPM 4 Gbps = 8 MByte/sec 1x Enterprise Flash drive = 100 MByte/sec BANDWIDTH EMC Engineering (8 KB block random read miss) 1x HDD RPM 4 Gbps = 180 IOPS 1x Enterprise Flash drive = 2500 IOPS IOPS EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 12

13 SATA II 7200 RPM 1024 GB x Fibre Channel RPM 300 GB Enterprise Flash Drive 400 GB Application 1: MS Exchange 2007 (VMware + Windows) #Heavy Users: 2900 IOPS: 2900 DataBase Size: 400 GB Application 2: ERP (OLTP) (Unix Windows) #Heavy Users: IOPS: DataBase Size: 4800 GB EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 13

14 EMC Engineering - CLARiiON CX4 DiskSizer EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 14

15 SATA II disk drive (1024 GB) Application: MS Exchange 2007 #Heavy Users: 2900 IOPS: 2900 DataBase Size: 400 GB EMC CLARiiON CX disks SATA II 1024 GB 4 Gbps 7200 RPM RAID-10 with 8 KByte block 2900 IOPS random read/write 14.6 ms avg. response time Total Storage: GB Not Used: GB (120 disks SATA,1024 GB, 4 Gbps, 7200 RPM) x ~US$ 679 = US$ 81,480 (US Price List 2009*) * EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 15

16 SATA II disk drive (1024 GB) Application: MS Exchange 2007 #Heavy Users: 2900 IOPS: 2900 DataBase Size: 400 GB EMC CLARiiON CX disks SATA II 1024 GB 4 Gbps 7200 RPM RAID-10 with 8 KByte block 48 IOPS random read/write 14.6 ms avg. response time Total Storage: 2048 GB Not Used: 1648 GB (2 disks SATA, 1024 GB, 4 Gbps, 7200 RPM) x ~US$ 679 = US$ 1,358 (US Price List 2009*) * EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 16

17 Fibre Channel disk drive (300 GB) Application: MS Exchange 2007 #Heavy Users: 2900 IOPS: 2900 DataBase Size: 400 GB EMC CLARiiON CX disks Fibre Channel 300 GB 4 Gbps RPM RAID-10 with 8 KByte block 2900 IOPS random read/write 7.5 ms avg. response time Total Storage: GB Not Used: GB (84 disks FC/SAS, 300 GB, 4/3 Gbps, RPM) x ~US$ 1500 = US$ 126,000 (US List Price 2009*) * EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 17

18 EFD flash drive (400 GB) Application: MS Exchange 2007 #Heavy Users: 2900 IOPS: 2900 DataBase Size: 400 GB EMC CLARiiON CX EFD Flash Drive 400 GB 4 Gbps RAID-10 with 8 KByte block 2900 IOPS random read/write 2.5 ms avg. response time Total Storage: 800 GB Not Used: 400 GB (2 disks EFD, 400 GB, 4 Gbps) x ~US$ 30,000 = US$ 60,000 (US Price List 2009*) EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) * 18

19 Fibre Channel disk drive (300 GB) ~US$ 126,000 (2900 IOPS) 84 drives FC 300 GB 7.5 ms avg. response time GB (24 TB) not used ~US$ 60,000 (2900 IOPS) 2 drives EFD 400 GB 2.5 ms avg. response time 400 GB not used EFD flash drive (400 GB) SATA II disk drive (1024 GB) ~US$ 81,400 (2900 IOPS) 120 drives SATA 1024 GB 14.6 ms avg. response time GB (120 TB) not used 83% melhor tempo resposta (SATA) 68% melhor tempo resposta (FC/SAS) 32% menos energia por GB 98% menos energia por I/O EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 19

20 Fibre Channel disk drive (300 GB) Application: ERP (OLTP) #Heavy Users: IOPS: DataBase Size: 4800 GB EMC CLARiiON CX Fibre Channel 300 GB 4 Gbps RPM RAID-5 (4+1) with 8 KByte block IOPS random read/write 5.0 ms avg. response time Total Storage: GB Not Used: GB 420 disks FC/SAS 300 GB 4/3 Gbps x ~US$ 1,500 = US$ 630,000 (US Price List 2009*) * EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 20

21 EFD flash drive (400 GB) Application: ERP (OLTP) #Heavy Users: IOPS: DataBase Size: 4800 GB EMC CLARiiON CX EFD Flash Drive 400 GB 4 Gbps RAID-5 (12+1) with 8 KByte block IOPS random read/write 3.0 ms avg. response time Total Storage: 5200 GB Not Used: 400 GB 13 disks EFD 400 GB 4 Gbps x ~US$ 30,000 = US$ 390,000 (US Price List 2009*) * EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 21

22 Fibre Channel disk drive (300 GB) EFD flash drive (400 GB) ~US$ 630,000 (17000 IOPS) 420 drives FC/SAS 300 GB 5.0 ms avg. response time GB not used ~US$ 390,000 (17000 IOPS) 13 drives EFD 400 GB 3.0 ms avg. response time 400 GB not used 40% melhor tempo resposta 32% menos energia por GB 98% menos energia por I/O EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 22

23 Enterprise Flash Drive Tier-0 Storage Architected for Availability, Reliability, Data Integrity and Performance BANDWIDTH (MB/s) : EFD ganha de HDD, quando são acessados e transferidos múltiplos blocos sequenciais >= 64 KB THROUGHPUT (IOPS) : EFD ganha de HDD, quando são acessados e transferidos múltiplos blocos randômicos <= 8 KB EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 23

24 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 24

25 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 25

26 Tier-o Tier-1 Tier-2 Tier-3 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 26

27 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 27

28 Cel: (21) João Bonnassis Sales Productivity Manager EMC Brasil São Paulo - 06/08/2009 EMC Forum 2009 (Internal & Partner Use Only) 28

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