1 Jury Duty: Murder Trial Jerry R. Hobbs The first thing the prosecuting attorney at the murder trial said was that real trials are nothing like what you see on TV. I could imagine a TV show called Jury Selection! Steamy romances would ignite and flame out. During a break a young man with tattooed arms was hitting on Christine, tall and thin, the cutest of the young women in the jury pool, a face that relaxed into a deep frown but burst into a dazzling smile, a researcher for a labor organization. He talked about the business he d started, and then bragged that he was always excused from juries. Indeed he was. When questioned by the judge, he said he d once been on trial for 187. The judge nodded and moved on. When he was called into the jury box, he took a seat next to me. It was as though he d hit a trampoline. The prosecuting attorney excused him instantly, and he sprang up and was gone. It seems that 187 is the section of the California Penal Code that defines murder. I asked Christine later if she had given him her phone number, and she recoiled in horror at the thought. We were assigned numbers, and as soon as I got #11, I knew I d be on the jury. Judge Bachner was an attractive brunette woman in her 50s, but a hard nosed, nononsense judge. One Hispanic man said he was so angry at the justice system because of the incarceration of his nephew that he could not possibly be fair; she reassigned him to civil court, where the cases are about contracts and last three months. Then Juror #5, sitting right behind me, raised the same objection. He said because of his experience as a gang member, he d never believe anything a policeman said. Even the sky is blue? she asked. No, he replied. But she refused to dismiss him. Then he saw that students were allowed to postpone till their first vacation, so he said he was a student too. What did you do? she asked. Look up howtogetoffjuryduty.com before you came here? But she let him reschedule. Juror #1 said he could not make a decision that could ruin someone else s life. He was willing to spend the whole trial there, but he would abstain from voting. The judge didn t dismiss him, but he was gone with an early peremptory challenge by the prosecuting attorney. The defense usually doesn t like policemen on a jury, and the first one thanked and excused by the defense attorney was Juror #12, a Secret Service agent. After he was finished with his list, the defendant suggested Juror #10 too. Good thing. She was a Fish and Wildlife officer, charged with stopping illegal importation of exotic birds at LAX. Marginally police at best, I thought, until I overheard her in the hall during a
2 break confiding, against the rules, to the Secret Service agent, Seems like a pretty open and shut case. A biology teacher was excused by the prosecution because she knew too much about DNA. The defense excused a woman whose sister had been murdered. Another woman said she had been assaulted in 1984 and then broke into tears; the judge excused her. An Iraqi man who claimed he didn t understand English despite living in America 23 years was dismissed when the judge asked, Can you be fair? and he said he didn t understand the word fair. At the end, I was one of only two of the original jurors who remained, making me think I must be incompetent. The final jury was six European Americans and six Asian Americans, half men and half women, sitting in judgment in 2011 over an African American man, charged with murdering a Hispanic American woman in I love L.A. The first witness in the trial was the victim s African American boy friend. He had been in jail for possession for two months. Early on, he d talked to his girl friend on the phone everyday, but he didn t pay his phone bill and it was cut off. This turned out to be significant. He was released in the evening and walked several miles to his girl friend s apartment, arriving around 3:00 a.m. There he found her body lying on the bed, strangled. He called 911 and they told him to move her to the floor and give her CPR. He moved her to the floor, but didn t give her CPR. The other witnesses for the prosecution were the police investigators who examined the crime scene and a DNA expert. It was stipulated by both sides that around 9 p.m. the night of the murder, people in other apartments of that building saw two black men in their 20s walk up the stairs with the victim. One wore a baseball cap backwards; the other had an uneven Afro. Halfway up she sent them on up alone and went back down the stairs for something. (The defendant at that time would have been in his late 30s.) The DNA of three men was found on a blanket and a towel, and also near the victim s vagina. Epithelial or touch DNA was also found on a 14 foot telephone cord that was the probable murder weapon. It had a one foot long smear of her blood on it. The DNA of one of the men, not the defendant, was a match with DNA found in the apartment of another woman who had been strangled several months earlier, a few blocks away. The DNA of one of the other men was, with a possibility of error of one in 100 quintillion, that of the defendant. The match with the defendant s DNA was found in A police officer first interrogated the defendant about the crime in 2007, and then again in Under cross examination the officer allowed that the defendant did not refuse to talk to him, did not ask for a lawyer, invited him into his house despite no search warrant, and voluntarily provided another DNA sample. He was finally brought to trial in 2011.
3 At this point the prosecution rested. I was dismayed. I did not think the case as presented so far was strong. I wanted something more decisive. But I also wanted justice for the victim. The judge emphasized to us more than once that we could not take into account the fact that a defendant does not testify in his own behalf, and I ve heard lawyers give reasons why it might not be a good idea for even an innocent person to do so. But if I were wrongfully accused of a crime, I would insist on testifying. I can t imagine any innocent person who wouldn t insist on it. But we d been instructed on the principle enough that I didn t expect him to testify. Overnight, I came to the conclusion that I could probably find the defendant guilty unless he testified and gave a plausible account of the facts presented so far that didn t implicate him. But that would be ignoring his right not to testify. The defense began with a few inconsequential witnesses. Then came their DNA expert. The significant things we learned from him were that there was a possible fourth contributor, slightly above noise, to the external vaginal swab sample; that the external swab sample does not mean it was deposited externally but is the result of seepage ; and that sperm DNA would last in the vagina for 48 to 72 hours. So all the prosecutor had proved was that the defendant had had sex with the victim within three days of the murder. We were sent to the jury room for fifteen minutes. You re not supposed to talk about the case with other jurors, but that s all any of us was thinking about, so very little was said. We were called back into the courtroom, and I was electrified. The defendant was sitting in the witness chair. (Probably our trip to the jury room was so they could seat him there without us being prejudiced by seeing the restraints.) He was a gentle looking man in his early 50s with a short gray beard, wearing a blue suit. The defense attorney began with his police record. In the 1990s he was a crackhead, and was convicted of robbery three times and served time in prison. What about his relationship with the victim? They would get high on crack together and have sex. Where? Sometimes in the carport, sometimes in her living room, and sometimes in her bedroom. How many times? Six or seven. When was the last time he had sex with her? About six o clock the evening she was murdered, in the carport. Did he love her? The defendant replied, I liked her. She was nice. But you have to understand. I was a crackhead. I loved crack. When did he find out about her murder? He thought it was about 12:30 that night, but in his crack induced fog he had little sense of time. It could have been three or four in the morning. He saw the police cars and asked a woman whose street name was Coco what had happened, and she told him. He referred to the neighborhood, Belmont Hills, as the J s, for the jungles. Had he ever made a phone call from her apartment? No, the phone was out of order. Did he ever touch the phone cord? Once he sat on the bed and pulled the phone to him by the cord, but it was out of order.
4 He d been questioned about the murder twice, once in 2007 and once in 2008, and had been very cooperative both times. He even volunteered to take a polygraph test, though none was administered. The cross examination focused on slight discrepancies in the number of times he said he d had sex with her. Did you say in 2007 you d had sex with her once or twice? Yes, the defendant answered firmly. And in 2008 did you say four or five times? Yes. And did you say today six or seven times? Yes. He didn t strike me as the sort of man who keeps a tally. The prosecutor also asked about the phone. Why didn t you tell the detective about pulling the phone cord? He didn t ask about that. Did he ask if you d used the phone? Yes. And what did you say? It was disconnected. The defense rested. We were given a break in the jury room again. Everyone was somber and quiet, perhaps like me stunned by the defendant s testimony. I found him believable, in part by his serious, straightforward demeanor, and in part by some unpredictable details in his testimony that one would be unlikely to think to make up, like sex in the carport. I thought he might be lying about pulling the phone cord, because that s not the sort of thing people remember. But whether memory, manufactured memory that he believed, or outright lie, the important thing for me was that it was plausible. When we returned to the courtroom, the prosecutor recalled the police officer who had interrogated the defendant in 2007 and His questions struck me as inconsequential. Then the witness and the defense attorney had an exchange that I will describe below. And that was it. No more witnesses. The judge read us about twenty pages of instructions. A lot of it was about how to think, that I can summarize in one word: abduction. A lot about first and second
5 degree murder and the special circumstances of rape and sodomy. A little on reasonable doubt. The next day came the closing arguments. The prosecuting attorney seemed to me to waste this time by flatly repeating what the judge had told us about first and second degree murder. The defense attorney gave a dynamic summary of his case and the weaknesses of the prosecution s case. The prosecuting attorney then got the final word, and he raised two very good issues. The only evidence we have that the defendant and the victim were friends is the defendant s word; no corroborating evidence was presented. That hadn t occurred to me. I d taken the defendant s testimony at face value. Then he questioned whether the defendant had pulled at the phone by the phone cord. He held up a photograph of the crime scene and said, Look at the phone cord! There s no phone at the end of it! But in fact this made me angry. Lawyers statements are not evidence, and he had made these statements at the one point in the entire trial when he could not be challenged. I was foreperson of the previous jury I was on, and I didn t want to be again. The foreperson is responsible for achieving group consensus, and I felt constrained in what I could say as a result. At lunch one day several of the women had suggested that Judy, a bank lawyer in her 50s, would make a good foreperson, and I concurred. The one man I did not want to be foreperson was Franklin, a Chinese American man in his 50s. One day as we chatted in the jury room he said he didn t have a cell phone; he didn t need one; he didn t have any friends, he joked. Several of us looked at each other; we believed him. As we waited in the jury room after the closing arguments, someone remarked harmlessly that the trial hadn t taken as long as he d thought it would. Don t discuss the case! Franklin barked out, as though he were the judge s enforcer. The judge called us back for one last instruction choose a foreperson. We sat around the table in silence. Fortunately Judy was the first to speak. She asked if anybody had been a foreperson before. I said I had, but I d be happy to give someone else the experience. I suggested Judy. Franklin interrupted and said it s too early; we re not supposed to choose a foreperson until the bailiff comes in. Then the bailiff came in and asked, Have you chosen a foreperson yet? I started to say yes, Judy; Franklin said no. The bailiff left. Judy said she d be willing to do it or to let someone else do it. Franklin came close to volunteering. I suggested we vote, confident most of the group was behind Judy. Franklin yielded, and Judy was the foreperson.
6 Franklin then said we should write rules of conduct on the blackboard, like don t make faces when others are talking. One of the women muttered, He thinks we re in grade school. Judy began our deliberations. Let s go around the table giving our opinions. Franklin said, No, let s lay out the facts first. Judy said firmly, No, let s go around the table giving our opinions. And she went first. I was impressed with the seriousness and intelligence of my fellow jurors. Everyone was acutely aware of the power they had over the defendant s life and their responsibility to get this right. I found it a sometimes exhilarating experience of joint problem solving, with consequence. Vincent was typical. A European American man of 60, he worked as an in home, all subjects teacher for the public schools, recently for a girl in her last month of pregnancy and a boy with two broken legs. He complained that the prosecution had provided no motive. Franklin agreed with him, adding that no man would kill a woman he is getting sex from. Judy said maybe the cocaine made him violent. Larry, a prematurely gray Chinese American 9 th grade teacher in his 40s, said he wasn t sure if cocaine made people violent. I said it had never made me violent. Christine went to the blackboard and drew a map of the apartment as we all tried to reconstruct the scene from the prosecution s photographs. Something I found initially implausible was that the defendant would just happen to touch the phone cord. I have a phone next to the bed, and the phone cord goes behind the night stand and under the bed. I don t have occasion to touch the cord from one year to the next. But in the victim s apartment, there was a two foot space between the bed and the wall beside it, and the cord was plugged into that wall and coiled around on the floor. Anyone getting out on that side of the bed could easily step on it. For all we know, they were rolling around on top of it, Judy said. So the question was, how much of the defendant s DNA was there on the phone cord and where was it? Was it spread all over, or was it concentrated on either side of the one foot segment of the cord that had the victim s blood on it? None of us had the answer in our notes, so we requested that the court reporter read back to us the testimonies of the prosecution s DNA expert and the criminalist who took swabs from the phone cord. We might not have asked, if we d known how long it would take her to put her notes into readable form, or how tedious it would be to listen to it all Please spell your last name. D A Is that D as in David? The defense attorney fell asleep and snored, and, embarrassed, the defendant nudged him awake. But finally she got to the key sentence from the DNA expert. It is consistent that the defendant is a minor contributor to the phone cord by touch DNA. Not a very strong statement.
7 The criminalist never said where on the phone cord she took the swabs from. That night I was leaning toward Not Guilty, but I had one last qualm, one I was not supposed to have. Many people assume that if someone is put on trial, he or she is very probably guilty. I asked a criminal lawyer once if he d ever represented an innocent client, and he replied, Innocent or not guilty as charged? One client charged with murder should have been charged with manslaughter, he felt. Okay, the defendant was innocent until proven guilty. But why did the prosecution bring this case to trial? I pieced together an explanation for myself out of three trivial bits of information, adding 2 and 2, and 2, so to speak, and getting 10. (Abduction.) The lawyers and jurors are not supposed to talk to each other, and never did. But I was on a crowded elevator one afternoon with the prosecuting attorney, when a colleague asked how he was. He said he was busy; he d already had nine trials in four months this year, while last year he d only had three trials all year. That was the first bit of information. The second came when the defense lawyer was cross examining the detective who interrogated the defendant. The lawyer asked, You interrogated him in 2007 and Why is he being brought to trial only now, three years later? Then he added quickly, Never mind, we can talk about that later. (During appeals, maybe?) The officer responded with a silly grin. The jury gets a very narrow window on the events. Half the trial is fought with the jury standing out in the hall or sitting sequestered in the jury room, with the lawyers battling about what they can and can t be told and shown. I took this exchange to mean that the issue of why this case was brought to trial now was something that could not be raised before the jury, as it might be prejudicial to the prosecution. You are not supposed to read newspaper accounts of the trial. There was little danger of that. No one cares about a black crack addict murdering a Hispanic prostitute sixteen years after the fact. So the judge didn t bother to admonish us not to read the newspapers. But about halfway through the trial, there was a story in the LA Times about the pressure the district attorneys in California were under to prosecute cold cases where there is now technology to analyze the DNA evidence. That was the third bit of information. My conclusion: The defendant was brought to trial because of political pressure on the district attorney. I m an academic, and therefore have a lot of experience framing arguments. So I suspect I had more than a 1/12 influence on the outcome. We began the second day of deliberation by taking a secret vote. It was Not Guilty: 9; Guilty: 3. Then we went around the table giving our opinions, beginning with me. I said I was 80% innocent, 20% not proven guilty. I said, If a prostitute had sex with ten men in one night and the tenth one strangled her, the police would have
8 exactly the same evidence against the other nine men that they have against the defendant. Aline, an attractive Armenian American dental hygienist of about 40, said Not Guilty, for all the reasons Jerry said. (She wore thick, bright red lipstick that reminded me of those wax lips we had when I was a kid and made me think of her at first as garish, but she was open and friendly to everyone and more than anyone else responsible for the camaraderie we all felt at the end. One morning she brought a box of chocolate éclairs for everyone. I found myself falling in next to her as we filed off to lunch each day.) Ellen, a quiet, beautiful Chinese American pharmacist in her 20s sitting next to me, had voted Guilty, but said I had convinced her otherwise. Fred, a mostly reticent Chinese man who spoke very poor English, said he was suspicious of the way the defendant had changed his story about how many times he d had sex with the victim, from one time or two times to six or seven times. He thought someone would remember which of those two it was. I responded that he hadn t said one time or two times but once or twice, and that s just a colloquial way of saying several, perfectly consistent with six or seven times. Fred changed his vote. The only Guilty vote left was Franklin. He said he was 55% Not Guilty, 45% Guilty, or maybe the other way around. He was stuck on the phrase beyond a reasonable doubt. What does it mean? I quoted the definition an abiding belief. Aline asked what abiding means. I said stay ; it means you won t change your mind every three days. Franklin studied and re studied the jury instructions. Then he raised the Obama birther issue: is it reasonable to doubt that Obama was born in Hawaii? Christine and another woman exploded, Oh come on! Judy shouted, No, we are not going to discuss that! I whispered to Ellen that he was enjoying the social event and didn t want it to end. She smiled in agreement and whispered that he d said he didn t have any friends. I said to him that either way sounded like reasonable doubt to me. Finally, he gave in and changed his vote to Not Guilty. We had a verdict. The victim s family, about a dozen of them, had been in the courtroom one day, as it happens, the day the defendant testified. I was glad they weren t there when the verdict was read. The only people there were two women friends of the defendant s. The bailiff handed our verdict to the judge, and I thought she read it with a look of distaste. She handed it to the court reporter, who announced the verdict. One of the women let out a whoop and immediately stifled it. The defendant buried his face in his hands and cried. As the jury filed out, the other woman mouthed, Thank you, to us. This all felt very good, even heroic. An innocent man was being tried for political reasons, and it s only the courageous action of a jury that saves him from a terrible injustice.
9 The trial was over, and now we could speak freely with the lawyers. I wanted to, and waited outside the courtroom for a few minutes. But they didn t emerge, and everyone else was leaving, so I did too. I got onto a crowded elevator with Aline and Franklin. Just as the elevator doors were about to close, the two lawyers appeared in the hallway. I blocked the doors with my foot, and the three of us jumped off. I told the defense attorney, I thought the defendant s testimony was decisive. He replied, Yes, he did much better than I thought he would. I asked, Well, did we get it right? He smiled mysteriously and said, We ll never know. Then he turned to the prosecuting attorney and asked, Should we tell them? Go ahead. The trial s over. In 1979 in Pennsylvania the defendant was convicted of homicide, by attempted ligature strangulation and then stabbing. The prosecuting attorney had wanted to bring that in, but he needed a witness to do that, and all the police and detectives from that crime were dead. It s very hard to bring in a crime that old, he said. Then the two lawyers caught an elevator. I walked with Aline the two blocks up the hill to the Disney Hall parking garage. Now I thought it was probably 80% not proven guilty, 20% innocent. That wouldn t have changed the outcome, I don t think. It just would have made the decision harder. But I felt deflated. I said to Aline, I wish I hadn t been told that. She agreed with me. It feels strange to get to know people in a situation like this, and then part, knowing you ll never see them again. I asked her if she was on Facebook. No, but my husband is, she said. At the bottom of the escalator we hugged once, and went our separate ways to where our cars were parked. I told this story to a friend of mine. Her response was And how is this not like what you see on TV?
SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF CONTRA COSTA Mock Trial Script The Case of a Stolen Car This mock trial is appropriate for middle and high school students. The script includes a role for a narrator,
ROLES TO ASSIGN 1. Judge 2. Courtroom Deputy 3. Prosecutor 1 opening statement 4. Prosecutor 2 direct of Dana Capro 5. Prosecutor 3 direct of Jamie Medina 6. Prosecutor 4 cross of Pat Morton 7. Prosecutor
ATTORNEYS Sexual Assault of a Child VOIR DIRE QUESTIONS 1. What are your feelings or opinions about criminal defense attorneys? 2. Have you ever had a bad experience with a criminal defense attorney? If
PEOPLE V. HARRY POTTER THE COURT: Members of the jury, the defendant, Harry Potter, is charged in a one-count information which reads as follows: On or about November 23, 2008, HARRY POTTER, did unlawfully
JUROR S MANUAL (Prepared by the State Bar of Michigan) Your Role as a Juror You ve heard the term jury of one s peers. In our country the job of determining the facts and reaching a just decision rests,
SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA-COUNTY OF CONTRA COSTA 1 Mock Trial Script: The Case of a Stolen Car SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA-COUNTY OF CONTRA COSTA 2 Mock Trial Script BAILIFF: All rise. Department One
Attachment No. 2 Proposed Plain Language Revisions to Colorado Criminal Jury Instruction Chapter 1:04 and Chapter 3 The work of the Plain Language Subcommittee is set forth below. For comparison, the redrafted
My name is I am going to court because I am a witness. KIDS GO TO COURT Written by: Illustrations by: Staff in the District Attorney Offices in the State of Alaska who meet with the children who come to
Documents Relating to the Case of Dwight Dexter Exhibit A, Document 1 The Investigation into the Murder of Floyd Babb Notes from Sheriff Dodd: July 20 July 30, 1982, Eaton, Michigan July 20 I approached
Sexual Assault What is assault? Assault is when someone uses force to hurt you. Slapping, kicking and pushing can be assault. Sometimes touching can be an assault. Threatening or trying to hurt someone
Being a Witness What is a witness? A witness is a person who is required to come to court to answer questions about a case. The answers a witness gives in court are called evidence. Before giving evidence,
p T h e L a s t L e a f IN A SMALL PART OF THE CITY WEST OF Washington Square, the streets have gone wild. They turn in different directions. They are broken into small pieces called places. One street
DUI Voir Dire Questions INTRODUCTION 1. Can you give me an example of a law that you disagree with (i.e., the speed limit)? 2. Someone tell me what the First Amendment protects? You see Ladies and Gentlemen,
TOP TEN TIPS FOR WINNING YOUR CASE IN JURY SELECTION PRESENTED BY JEFF KEARNEY KEARNEY & WESTFALL 2501 PARKVIEW STREET, SUITE 300 FORT WORTH, TEXAS 76102 (817) 336-5600 LUBBOCK CRIMINAL DEFENSE LAWYERS
T h e G i f t o f t h e M a g i p T h e G i f t o f t h e M a g i ONE DOLLAR AND EIGHTY-SEVEN CENTS. That was all. She had put it aside, one cent and then another and then another, in her careful buying
The Police Have Left Word That They Want to Speak With You What Does it Mean and What Should You Do? Don A. Murray, Esq. Shalley & Murray 125-10 Queens Blvd., Suite 10 Kew Gardens, NY 11415 273 Sea Cliff
10 Victims and the law 57 10: Victims and the law This section gives a summary of the law in relation to victims of crime. Introduction The court may call a victim as a witness in a criminal case. However,
Boulder Municipal Court Boulder County Justice Center P.O. Box 8015 1777 6 th Street Boulder, CO 80306-8015 www.bouldercolorado.gov/court JURY READINESS CONFERENCE INSTRUCTIONS You have set your case for
The Victims Code: Young victims of crime: Understanding the support you should get If you re a victim of crime, support and information is available to help you get through it. The Victims Code is a Government
Voir Dire in Domestic Violence Cases By Sarah M. Buel, Co-Director, University of Texas School of Law Domestic Violence Clinic Voir dire provides the opportunity to educate jurors while probing for bias,
The Legal System in the United States At the conclusion of this chapter, students will be able to: 1. Understand how the legal system works; 2. Explain why laws are necessary; 3. Discuss how cases proceed
The Witness and the Justice System in Alberta Introduction This booklet provides basic information about appearing as a witness in the courts of Alberta. It is designed to explain your role as a witness,
Juvenile Court Mock Trial CAST: One of the Judges of the juvenile court will preside. Defense Attorney: Attorney court tour guide. Prosecutor: Attorney court tour guide. A student selected by the teacher.
Self-Defense and Predominant Aggressor Training Materials Self Defense and Defense of Self; There is a Difference The following materials provide an outline of topics to cover by someone in your community
MINNESOTA JUDICIAL TRAINING UPDATE CRIMINAL VOIR DIRE QUESTIONS ASKED BY THE COURT THE MN SUPREME COURT TASK FORCE ON JURY SELECTION HAS RECOMMENDED THAT JUDGES BE MORE PROACTIVE IN ASKING INITIAL QUESTIONS
A Citizen s Guide to the Criminal Justice System: From Arraignment to Appeal Presented by the Office of the Richmond County District Attorney Acting District Attorney Daniel L. Master, Jr. 130 Stuyvesant
Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group
In some jurisdictions, prosecutors are permitted to voir dire or question prospective jurors or venire persons. If you practice in a jurisdiction that permits you to ask questions, it is important to develop
First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he
THE SUPREME COURT OF THE REPUBLIC OF PALAU HANDBOOK FOR TRIAL JURORS I. Purpose of This Handbook The purpose of this handbook is to acquaint trial jurors with the general nature and importance of their
Chapter 4 Legal Ethics Yes. You read that right legal ethics. Har de har. Go ahead. Get it out of your system. How about this one? Why do scientists prefer using lawyers over lab rats? There are some things
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS HOUSTON DIVISION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. CRIMINAL ACTION H-00-0000 DEFENDANT(S) JURY INSTRUCTIONS I. General A. Introduction Members of the Jury:
Medical Malpractice VOIR DIRE QUESTIONS INTRODUCTION: Tell the jurors that this is a very big and a very important case. Do a SHORT summary of the case and the damages we are seeking. This summary should
p T w o T h a n k s g i v i n g D a y G e n t l e m e n THERE IS ONE DAY THAT IS OURS. THERE IS ONE day when all Americans go back to the old home and eat a big dinner. Bless the day. The President gives
Opening Statements Handout 1 Once the jury has been chosen, the attorneys for both sides deliver an opening statement about the case to the jury. Opening statements outline the facts that the attorneys
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this handbook is to provide answers to some very basic questions that inmates or inmates families might have regarding the processes of the criminal justice system. In no way
If You have Been Arrested Don t Do Anything Until You Read My Special Report! If you have been arrested by the police for a criminal offense, you re probably confused or worried about what steps to take
Connectedness and the Emotional Bank Account Directions This is a self-guided activity that can be completed by parents, teens or both. It contains five parts and should take about 45 minutes to complete.
Going to Court as a Witness - July 2010 Going to Court as a Witness 1 Introduction Going to court can be stressful for many victims and witnesses. If you need to give evidence in a criminal trial, we hope
Victims of crime: Understanding the support you can expect If you have been a victim of crime, you are entitled to certain information and support from criminal justice organisations such as the police
Pursuant to Ind. Appellate Rule 65(D, this Memorandum Decision shall not be regarded as precedent or cited before any court except for the purpose of establishing the defense of res judicata, collateral
a threat made in school ADAM S BACKGROUND LEADING UP TO THE CRIME Adam, 15, is the youngest of four children. His parents are divorced. He lives with his mother, has regular contact with his father, and
- Cutting Edge DUI Defense At A Price You Can Afford - Not Guilty Dismissed Reduced The Exact Same Science That Got You Arrested For DUI Can Be What Gets You Off. The Decision You Make Right Now Will Affect
CROSS EXAMINATION OF AN EXPERT WITNESS IN A CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE CASE Mark Montgomery Post Office Box 161 Durham, NC 27702 (919) 680-6249 email@example.com Opinion Testimony by a Pediatrician/Nurse/Counselor/Social
T h e C o p a n d t h e A n t h e m p The Cop and the Anthem S OAPY MOVED RESTLESSLY ON HIS SEAT in Madison Square. There are certain signs to show that winter is coming. Birds begin to fly south. Women
SMALL CLAIMS COURT What Is Small Claims Court? Nebraska law requires that every county court in the state have a division known as Small Claims Court (Nebraska Revised Statute 25-2801). Small Claims Court
I M NOT AN ADDICT How could I be an addict? My life is great. I live in a very good area of Los Angeles, drive a nice sports car, have a good job, pay all my bills, and have a wonderful family. This is
Lesson Overview Overview: This lesson will teach students how the legal system works and how a case progresses through the state courts. Objectives: Students will be able to Define key terms related to
Answers to Your Questions About County Court Restraining Orders Excellence in Customer Service Colorado Judicial Branch http://www.courts.state.co.us June 2002 CIVIL LAW In a civil case, the person seeking
Criminal Law Glossary Arrest Charge Convicted Court Crime/Offence Crown Attorney or Prosecutor Criminal Custody Guilty Illegal Innocent Lawyer To seize a person under authority of the law. Police officers
How to Prepare for your Deposition in a Personal Injury Case A whitepaper by Travis Mayor, Attorney If you have filed a civil lawsuit in your personal injury case against the at fault driver, person, corporation,
Bail in Rape Cases CONFERENCE ROOM 3 o clock I need to take this phone call. I will return in a few minutes. A FEW MINUTES LATER... AT THE SAME TIME... LATER THAT DAY... You have been arrested on suspicion
JUVENILE COMPETENCY HANDBOOK The judge has placed you in the restoration process for mental competency. It is very important that you meet with your restoration specialist and see the doctor when you are
DESCRIPTION OF THE FEDERAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM FOR DEFENDANTS DESCRIPTION OF THE FEDERAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM FOR DEFENDANTS This pamphlet has been provided to help you better understand the federal
What to do if you are charged with a DRINKING AND DRIVING OFFENCE This booklet is not about provincial Motor Vehicle Act penalties for drinking and driving. This guide explains what normally happens when
1 Reflecting on Jury Duty I was called last week to be on stand-by for jury duty. I can not complain. I have lived in San Francisco now for six and half years and this was the first time I got called up.
The Right to a Speedy Trial You have a constitutional right to a speedy trial in the United States and in New Jersey. You also have a right to see ALL of the evidence against you prior your date in court.
Gift of the Magi By O Henry One dollar and eighty-seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it in the smallest pieces of money - pennies. Pennies saved one and two at a time by negotiating with the
Information for witnesses going to court Useful telephone numbers Witness Service...440496 Victim Support...440496 Women s Refuge...08007 356836 (freephone) Citizen s Advice Bureau...08007 350249 (freephone)
AN INTRODUCTION TO COURT Victim Services Department of Justice TABE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION......1 2. FIING A POICE REPORT...1 3. COURT PROCESS......2 4. TESTIFYING IN COURT...5 5. COMMONY ASKED QUESTIONS...6
Working together for a safer Scotland If you have been a victim of crime this leaflet is to help let you know about how to find support and help and to tell you about the criminal justice system. Support
Federal Public Defender W.D. Michigan The Federal Criminal Process INTRODUCTION The following summary of the federal criminal process is intended to provide you with a general overview of how your case
A Guide to the Human Rights Act A booklet for People with Learning Disabilities Human Rights Human Rights Illustrations by CHANGE Picture Bank What s inside This booklet,..................................1
Franklin County State's Attorney Victim Services FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS What type of services and information can I get through Victim Services Program? A Victim Advocate will be assigned to assist
Office of the Attorney General Information for Crime Victims and Witnesses MARCH 2009 LAWRENCE WASDEN Attorney General Criminal Law Division Special Prosecutions Unit Telephone: (208) 332-3096 Fax: (208)
Justice WA YOUR NAME: YOUR CONTACT DETAILS (ADDRESS, PHONE, EMAIL etc.): TODAY S DATE: INDICATE WHO IS COMPLETING THIS FORM: Defendant Family Member of Defendant (Relationship : ) Friend of Defendant Other:
From Classroom to Courtroom JUDGE INSTRUCTIONS The Trial 1. After the bailiff has called the court to order, judge enters courtroom and sits at bench. The judge tells everyone, but the jury, to be seated.
Copyright February 1997 - State Bar of California David has been arrested for and charged with murder and robbery. David made a telephone call to Attorney, a member of the California Bar. Attorney came
RIGHT TO COUNSEL State v. Langley, 351 Or. 652 (2012) Oregon Supreme Court FACTS In December 1989, a jury found defendant Langley guilty of murdering a woman named Ann Gray. A few months later, Langley
Hello and welcome to the vocabulary lesson for the conversation Drunk Driving. In this conversation, Joe and I are just talking about different friends or different people that we ve known that have gotten
HOW A TYPICAL CRIMINAL CASE IS PROSECUTED IN ALASKA The Office of Victims Rights receives many inquiries from victims about how a criminal case in Alaska is investigated by police and then prosecuted by
CROSS EXAMINATION DEALING WITH CHANGING TESTIMONY: FROM SET UP TO KNOCK DOWN By Ben Rubinowitz and Evan Torgan Quite often at trial, a witness or a party to an action will offer a different response to
LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNI0 N, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, N. Y. LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, NEW YORK. LINA AND HER NURSE. L INA lived away in that land of the East
Page 1 Table of Content The Psychic Lotto Formula Jackpot to Success System... 4 Part 1 Channeling the Power of Your Mind to Success... 6 Part 2 Visualization... 12 Part 3 Integrating Luck and Making it
Chapter Five CRIMINAL LAW AND VICTIMS RIGHTS In a criminal case, a prosecuting attorney (working for the city, state, or federal government) decides if charges should be brought against the perpetrator.
Your Voice in Criminal Court a guide to court orientation for adult witnesses INFORMATION + RESOURCES FOR VICTIM SERVICE WORKERS introduction Victim Service Workers have an important role to play in the
RYAN PACYGA CRIMINAL DEFENSE 333 South 7 th Street, Suite 2850 Minneapolis, MN 55402 612-339-5844 www.arrestedmn.com More information on the YouTube channel Ryan Pacyga CRIMINAL COURT IN MINNESOTA: Understanding